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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 113-119, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015143

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a low density, high purity and high stability in vitro culture method of primary hippocampal neurons of fetal rats by co-culturing hippocampal and cortical cells, so as to obtain higher purity and better vitality of primary hippocampal neurons disease. Methods The fetal rat hippocampal tissue was isolated from 16-18 days pregnant SD rats, then cut and digested by 0.125% trypsin. The obtained cell suspension was filtered by 200 mesh cell sieve, and then the obtained cell suspensions were then inoculated into the inner layer and outer ring of the culture plate in a surrounding form. They were co-cultured in DMEM/F12 medium containing 10% horse serum. After 4-6 hours of cell adhesion, the culture medium was changed to maintenance medium (Neurobasal+2% B27+0.5 mmol/L glutamine). Then the cell viability was detected with CCK-8 kit and the purity of hippocampal neurons was detected by immunofluorescent staining. Results Hippocampal neurons grew well and formed crisscross neural networks after 5 days. And it could survive for 3 weeks. The purity of hippocampal neurons was up to 98%. Conclusion The method of co-culturing hippocampal and cortical cells can obtain high-purity, high activity, high survival rate, and high stability primary hippocampal neurons from fetal rats, which can provide certain experimental conditions for the study of hippocampal neuron related diseases in the nervous system and is worthy of promotion and application.

2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 662-672, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009926

ABSTRACT

A complex pathophysiological mechanism is involved in brain injury following cerebral infarction. The neurovascular unit (NVU) is a complex multi-cellular structure consisting of neurons, endothelial cells, pericyte, astrocyte, microglia and extracellular matrix, etc. The dyshomeostasis of NVU directly participates in the regulation of inflammatory immune process. The components of NVU promote inflammatory overreaction and synergize with the overactivation of autonomic nervous system to initiate stroke-induced immunodepression (SIID). SIID can alleviate the damage caused by inflammation, however, it also makes stroke patients more susceptible to infection, leading to systemic damage. This article reviews the mechanism of SIID and the roles of NVU in SIID, to provide a perspective for reperfusion, prognosis and immunomodulatory therapy of cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endothelial Cells , Stroke , Neurons/physiology , Immunosuppression Therapy/adverse effects , Cerebral Infarction
3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 409-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of Grunenwald incision in cervicothoracic junction surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 25 patients with cervicothoracic junction tumor and 1 patient with cervicothoracic junction trauma in the single treatment group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2011 to September 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, including 19 males and 7 females, aged 9-73 years old. Among the 26 patients, there were 9 cases of upper mediastinal tumor, 6 cases of superior sulcus tumor, 4 cases of thyroid tumor invading the upper mediastinal, 4 cases of chest wall tumor, 2 cases of esophageal cancer combined with supraclavicular lymph node metastasis, and 1 case of foreign body penetrating injury at the cervicothoracic junction. Grunenwald incision or additional posterolateral thoracic incision, median sternal incision, neck collar incision were used in all patients. The degree of tumor resection was evaluated. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay were observed, and the postoperative follow-up was analyzed.Results:There was no perioperative death in the whole group. 14 cases were treated with Grunenwald incision alone, 6 cases with additional posterolateral chest incision, 4 cases with additional neck collar incision, and 2 cases with additional median sternal incision. The tumors were completely resection in 22 cases, palliative tumor resection in 3 cases, and complete foreign body removal in 1 case. Postoperative pathology included 4 cases of schwannoma; 3 cases of lung adenocarcinoma, thyroid cancer and myofibroblastoma, respectively; 2 cases of supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer and lung squamous carcinoma, respectively; 1 case of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, metastatic carcinoma of the first rib after lung squamous cell carcinoma, ganglioneuroma, nodular goiter, hemangioma, well differentiated liposarcoma, vascular endothelial tumor and cavernous angioma, respectively. The operation time was 120-430 min, with a mean of(226.92±88.40)min. The intraoperative blood loss was 100-1 000 ml, with a mean of(273.46±196.34)ml. The length of hospital stay was 6-26 days, with a mean of(12.73±4.46 )days. 26 patients were followed up for 6-130 months, with a mean of(57.88±43.64) months. During the follow-up period, 6 patients died.Conclusion:Grunenwald incision can provide good exposure of the structures near the cervicothoracic junction, preserve the integrity of sternoclavicular joint, reduce shoulder deformity, and has advantages for patients with cervicothoracic junction tumors, high rib resection, and cervicothoracic junction trauma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 365-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of smart phone real-time picture exchange-assisted telecytopathology for rapid on-site evaluation (tele-ROSE), and the role of tele-ROSE in improving the diagnostic efficiency of endoscopic physicians.Methods:Data of patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) from April 2020 to May 2021 in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University were retrospectively collected. Patients who didn't receive ROSE from April 2020 to October 2020 were enrolled in the non-ROSE group, and those who underwent ROSE from November 2020 to May 2021 were enrolled in the ROSE group, of which endosonographers used WeChat on the smartphone to send ROSE images to cytopathologists from November 2020 to March 2021 were the mobile phone group, and those whose ROSE results independently diagnosed by trained endosonographers from April 2021 to May 2021 were the self-ROSE group. Basic information, ROSE results, postoperative pathology and follow-up were compared, and the diagnostic effectiveness of tele-ROSE was analyzed.Results:A total of 188 cases were included, of which 179 cases (95.2%) were solid pancreatic lesions and 9 (4.8%) were enterocoelia lesions. There was no significant difference in the puncture time among the non-ROSE, mobile phone and self-ROSE groups [3 (3, 4) VS 3 (3, 4) VS 3 (2, 4), H=1.320, P=0.517]. With the final diagnosis as the golden standard, the sensitivity, the specificity, the accuracy, the positive predictive value, the negative predictive value and Kappa value of the non-ROSE group were 80.6% (58/72), 89.5% (17/19), 82.4% (75/91), 96.7% (58/60), 54.8% (17/31), and 0.6 respectively. The corresponding indices in the ROSE group were 97.4% (74/76), 100.0% (21/21), 97.9% (95/97), 100.0% (74/74), 91.3% (21/23), and 0.9 respectively, those of the mobile phone group were 95.2% (40/42), 100.0% (10/10), 96.2% (50/52), 100.0% (40/40), 83.3% (10/12), and 0.9 respcetively, and those of the self-ROSE group were 100.0% (34/34), 100.0% (11/11), 100.0% (45/45), 100.0% (34/34), 100.0% (11/11), and 1.0 respectively. The sensitivity ( P=0.002), the accuracy ( P=0.001) and the negative predictive value ( P=0.009) of the ROSE group were significantly higher than those of the non-ROSE group, and there was no significant difference in other diagnostic efficacy indices ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference between the mobile phone group and the self-ROSE group in diagnostic efficacy ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Instant smartphone-assisted tele-ROSE through WeChat can well meet the needs of pathologists and endoscopic physicians. After the application of tele-ROSE training, the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic physicians is equivalent to that of cytopathologist, which helps to obtain more sufficient specimens under endoscopy and improve the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 6-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of ultrashortwave (USW) therapy on inflammatory cytokines and the MAPK pathway of rats with a spinal cord injury.Methods:Seventy-nine Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group ( n=35), an intervention group ( n=35) and a sham group ( n=9). Allen′s method was used to establish a contusion model of SCI in the rats of the control and intervention groups, while the sham group′s spinal tissues were exposed but not stricken. Beginning twenty-four hours after SCI modeling, the intervention group was given 7min of USW therapy daily, five days a week till the day of sacrifice for sampling the target area of spinal cord for tests. Then, motion function was evaluated using Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) scoring. One, three and seven days after the SCI modeling, immunofluorescence and western blotting were employed to observe any changes in inflammatory factors and the MAPK pathway in the lesioned area. Results:Fourteen days after the modeling the average BBB score of the intervention group was significantly higher than the control group′s average. Moreover, 7 days after the modeling the average content of the domains containing protein 3 (NLRP3), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-6 receptor and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the target area of the spinal cord of sham group showed significantly lower levels than in the other 2 groups. And the levels in the intervention group were significantly lower than in the control group. Seven days after the modeling the number of cells positive for zinc finger protein 36 (TTP) in the lesioned area of the intervention group was significantly greater than among the control group. At the same time the levels of MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2), phosphorylated-mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated version (p-MK2) and TTP in the control and intervention groups were significantly higher than in the sham group. And there were significant differences between the intervention group and control group in the levels of MK2, p-MK2 and TTP.Conclusion:Ultrashortwave therapy can inhibit inflammation by regulating the MAPK inflammatory pathway, promoting the recovery of motion functions, at least in rats.

6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 1-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982059

ABSTRACT

A complex pathophysiological mechanism is involved in the brain injury following cerebral infarction. The neurovascular unit (NVU) is a complex multi-cellular structure consisting of endothelial cells , neurons, glia, smooth muscle cells, and pericytes. The dyshomeostasis of NVU directly participates in the inflammatory immune regulation process. The components of NVU promote inflammatory overreaction and also synergize with the overactivation of autonomic nervous system to initiate stroke-induced immunosuppression (SIID). SIID can alleviate the damage caused by inflammation, however, it also makes stroke patients more susceptible to infection, leading to systemic damage and worsening the condition. This article reviews the mechanism of SIID and the roles of NVU components in SIID, to provide a perspective for recanalization, prognosis and immune regulation therapy of cerebral infarction.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2296-2303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928107

ABSTRACT

The continuous cropping obstacle of Gastrodia elata is outstanding, but its mechanism is still unclear. In this study, microbial changes in soils after G. elata planting were investigated to explore the mechanism correlated with continuous cropping obstacle. The changes of species and abundance of fungi and bacteria in soils planted with G. elata after 1, 2, and 3 years were compared. The pathogenic fungi that might cause continuous cropping diseases of G. elata were isolated. Finally, the prevention and control measures of soil-borne fungal diseases of G. elata were investigated with the rotation planting pattern of "G. elata-Phallus impudicus". The results showed that G. elata planting resulted in the decrease in bacterial and fungal community stability and the increase in harmful fungus species and abundance in soils. This change was most obvious in the second year after G. elata planting, and the soil microbial community structure could not return to the normal level even if it was left idle for another two years. After G. elata planting in soils, the most significant change was observed in Ilyonectria cyclaminicola. The richness of the Ilyonectria fungus in soils was significantly positively correlated with the incidence of G. elata diseases. When I. cyclaminicola was inoculated in the sterile soil, the rot rate of G. elata was also significantly increased. After planting one crop of G. elata and one to three crops of P. impudicus, the fungus community structure in soils gradually recovered, and the abundance of I. cyclaminicola decreased year by year. Furthermore, the disease rate of G. elata decreased. The results showed that the cultivation of G. elata made the Ilyonectria fungi the dominant flora in soils, and I. cyclaminicola served as the main pathogen of continuous cropping diseases of G. elata, which could be reduced by rotation planting with P. impudicus.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Fungi , Gastrodia/microbiology , Mycobiome , Soil , Soil Microbiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1363-1369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with esophageal cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 447 patients with esophageal cancer who were admitted to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020 were collected. There were 312 males and 135 females, aged 60(range, 37?82)years. Observation indica-tors: (1) clinicopathological characteristics; (2) treatment; (3) follow-up; (4) analysis of prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. Follow-up using telephone interview or outpatient examination was conducted to detect survival of patients up to December 2021. The total survival time was from the surgery date to death or the last follow-up. Patients with duration of follow-up more than 2 years were included for survival and prognostic analysis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were represented as absolute numbers. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was conducted using the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the COX hazard regression model. Results:(1) Clinicopathological characteristics. Of the 447 patients, 69.80%(312/447) were males and 30.20%(135/447) were females, and there were 3, 18, 101, 229, 93, 3 cases aged 30?39 years, 40?49 years, 50?59 years, 60?69 years, 70?79 years, 80?89 years, respectively. About the pathological type, there were 424 cases with squamous carcinoma, 11 cases with small cell carcinoma, 4 cases with adenosquamous carcinoma, 3 cases with sarco-matoid carcinoma, 2 cases with adenocarcinoma, 1 case with neuroendocrine carcinoma, 1 case with undifferentiated carcinoma, and 1 case with adenoid cystic carcinoma. There were 2 cases with tumor located at cervicothoracic segment, 49 cases with tumor located at upper thoracic segment, 273 cases with tumor located at mid-thoracic segment, and 123 cases with tumor located at lower thoracic segment. There were 6, 24, 74, 59, 192, 80, 12 cases in stage pT0, pT1a, pT1b, pT2, pT3, pT4a, pT4b of pathological T staging, respectively. There were 207, 63, 142, 28, 7 cases in stage pN0, pN1, pN2, pN3, pN4 of pathological N staging by Japan Esophagus Society (JES), respectively. There were 207, 128, 76, 36 cases in stage pN0, pN1, pN2, pN3 of pathological N staging by Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), respectively. About TNM staging, there were 25, 53, 127, 174, 68 cases in stage 0, Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳa of JES staging, and 16, 9, 53, 35, 108, 96, 45, 85 cases in stage 0, Ⅰa, Ⅰb,Ⅱa, Ⅱb, Ⅲa, Ⅲb, Ⅲc of UICC staging, respectively. (2) Treatment. Of the 447 patients, 63 cases underwent neoadjuvant therapy(12 cases combined with immunotherapy), 384 cases underwent no neoadjuvant therapy. There were 347, 97, 2, 1 cases with surgical approach as right thoracic approach, left thoracotomy approach, cervical abdominal approach, left thoracoabdominal approach, respectively. There were 316, 5, 126 cases with surgical platform as totally endoscopic esophagec-tomy, Hybrid surgery, open surgery, respectively. There were 350 and 97 cases with digestive recons-truction as posterior mediastinal approach and intrathoracic approach, respectively. Surgical margin as R 0, R 1, R 2 resection was detected in 323, 116, 8 cases, respectively. Six of 447 patients died during the hospital stay. (3) Follow-up. All the 447 patients were followed up for 25(range, 2?48)months, including 233 cases with the follow-up more than 2 years. The median survival time of 233 patients was unreached, and the postoperative 2-year survival rate was 76.8%. (4) Analysis of prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. Results of univariate analysis showed that gender, neoadjuvant therapy, surgical margin, pT staging, pN staging by JES, pN staging by UICC, TNM staging by JES, TNM staging by UICC were related factors influencing prognosis of 233 patients with esophageal cancer ( χ2=6.62, 17.81, 32.95, 37.93, 27.06, 35.56, 45.24, 37.84, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, surgical margin, TNM staging by JES were independent factors influencing prognosis of 233 patients with esophageal cancer ( hazard ratio=0.48, 1.94, 1.46, 95% confidence intervals as 0.25?0.91, 1.07?3.52, 1.16?1.84, P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of esophageal cancer is relatively high in males, with the onset age mainly distribute in 60?69 years and the mainly pathological type as squamous carcinoma. Patients with esophageal cancer have advanced tumor staging, low proportion of neoadjuvant therapy, high R 0 resection rate of surgical treatment. Gender, surgical margin, TNM staging by JES are independent factors influencing prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer.

9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1115-1120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical outcomes of countertraction method in treating irreducible subcoracoid dislocation of shoulder joint combined with Hill-Sacks injury.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 patients with irreducible subcoracoid dislocation of the shoulder joint combined with Hill-Sacks injury admitted from December 2013 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Under the anesthesia of shoulder joint cavity injection, the reduction was performed by using anti-traction method (experimental group) and traditional Hippocrates method (control group), 28 cases in each group. There were 11 males and 17 females in experimental group, with an average age of (61.95±19.32) years old, 9 cases on the left side, and 19 cases on the right side. Twelve males and 16 females in control group, with an average age of (63.13±12.75) years old, 11 cases on the left side, 17 cases on the right side. The curative effects between two groups were evaluated before and after operation, including the success rate of reduction, the duration of reduction, the distance from successful reduction to injury, complications and functional rehabilitation(Constant score of shoulder joint).@*RESULTS@#The success rates of reduction in experimental group and control group were 92.86%(26/28) and 67.86% (19/28), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The duration of simple reduction was (4.25±2.13) min and ( 6.31±1.69) min, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05);the time from successful reduction to injury was (9.16±0.94) h and (8.94±1.31) h, respectively, with no significant difference(P>0.05). There were no complications such as vascular nerve injury and fracture in experimental group, 2 cases of axillary nerve injury and 1 case of humeral head fracture in control group. Constant scores of shoulder joint between experimental group and control group were (92.34±5.62) points and (90.91±4.73) points, respectively, with no significant difference (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with irreducible subcoracoid dislocation of the shoulder joint with Hill-Sacks injury, the countertraction method under anesthesia of the shoulder joint cavity achieved a higher success rate and few complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/complications , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Injuries , Joint Dislocations/complications , Joint Instability/surgery
10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 475-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is the main surgical method for lung cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the reasons for conversion to thoracotomy in 83 cases among 1,350 consecutive cases who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy by a single surgical team, in order to achieve a deeper understanding of the rules and the opportunity for conversion to thoracotomy in VATS lobectomy under normal conditions.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 1,350 patients who underwent VATS lobectomy between September 21, 2009 and June 1, 2020, by a single surgical team in the Fifth Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 773 males and 577 females, aged 8-87 years, with a median age of 61.3 years, including 83 cases of benign diseases, 38 cases of lung metastases, and 1,229 cases of primary lung cancer. The cases with stage I, II and IIIa were 676, 323 and 230, respectively. The cases of left upper, left lower, right upper, right middle, right lower, right middle and upper and right middle and lower lobectomy were 301 (22.30%), 231 (17.11%), 378 (28.00%), 119 (8.81%), 262 (19.41%), 16 (1.19%) and 43 (3.19%), respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the cohort of 1,350 consecutive patients with VATS lobectomy, 83 patients (6.15%) were converted to thoracotomy for different reasons. The conversion rate of benign lesions was significantly higher than that of malignant tumors (P<0.05). The conversion rate in stage IIIa was significantly higher than that in stage I and II (P<0.05). The conversion rate of combined lobectomy was significantly higher than that of single lobectomy (P=0.001). The conversion rate of left upper lobectomy was significantly higher than that of other single lobectomy (P<0.001). The conversion rate of right middle lobectomy was significantly lower than that of other single lobectomy (P=0.049). The main reasons for conversion were vascular injury (38.55%), lymph node interference (26.51%) and dense adhesion in thoracic cavity (16.87%). In the conversion group, the total operation time was (236.99±66.50) min and the total blood loss was (395.85±306.38) mL. The operation time in patients converted to thoracotomy due to lymph node interference was (322.50±22.68) min, which was significantly longer than that in the other groups (P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss in patients converted to thoracotomy due to vascular injury was (560.94±361.84) mL, which was significantly higher than that in the other groups (P<0.05). With the increase in surgical experience, the number of vascular injuries gradually decreased at the early stage, mid-stage and late stage (P=0.045).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In VATS lobectomy, benign lung lesions and more advanced malignant tumors led to more surgical difficulties and higher conversion rate. The conversion rate was different in different lobectomy sites, with the highest in left upper lobectomy, and the lowest in right middle lobectomy. Vascular injury, lymph node interference and dense adhesion were the main reasons for conversion to thoracotomy, which led to prolonged operation time and increased blood loss. With the increasing number of surgical cases, the rate of conversion to thoracotomy in VATS lobectomy continues to decline, which may be mainly due to the more advanced treatment of pulmonary vessels.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1204-1208, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design a multimodality wheelchair in order to meet many use requirements of the lower limbs dyskinesia patients. Methods:For some shortcomings of the existing multimodality wheelchair such as heavy structure and drive redundancy, the design of multimodality wheelchair based on double parallelogram mechanism is studied, and a simple and reliable multimodality wheelchair mechanism is presented. Rotary actuation drives the double parallelogram mechanism and makes parts of the wheelchair move, and three posture transformations are realized. The coupling movement of the back and leg rest realizes the transformation of sitting and supine posture, and the coupling movement of seat and back realizes the change of sitting and standing posture. The mechanical analysis of wheelchairs based on uniform load was carried out, and the rotation moment is calculated. Results:When the driving torque changed from sitting position to supine position, it increased with the increase of rotation angle and reached a peak value. When the driving torque changed from sitting position to standing position, it gradually decreased with the increase of rotation angle. Then the dynamics simulation is carried out in Adams software, the calculated results were basically consistent with the simulation results. Conclusion:The proposed mechanism is helpful to realize the lightweight design of multimodality wheelchair, and meets the design needs of intelligent multimodality wheelchair.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 484-486, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821465
13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 598-602, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the interobserver variation of pathologists in the morphological evaluation of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features(NIFTP).Methods:Nine pathologists from different regions in China were selected to evaluate the digital slides of 30 cases of NIFTP. Three score system was applied, including nuclear size and shape, membrane irregularity, and chromatin features. Individual histologic features were scored as either present(1)or absent(0). A total score of 0 or 1 was considered inadequate for the diagnosis of NIFTP and a total score of 2 or 3 was considered sufficient for the diagnosis of NIFTP.Results:Overall, 9 doctors had weak consistency in the interpretation of the 30 cases(Kappa value 0.081 4), in which the interpretation of the membrane irregularity had the best consistency(Kappa value 0.193 6)and the interpretation of nuclear size and shape revealed the worst consistency(Kappa value 0.102 2). The overall consistency of the evaluation from the 7 senior pathologists was better than that of all the pathologists(Kappa value 0.134 1), but it was still weak. The consistency of nuclear membrane irregularity(Kappa value 0.267 4)and nuclear chromatin features(Kappa value 0.257 3)was weak, but much better than that of nuclear size and shape(Kappa value 0.073 0). The interobserver consistency in our study was lower than that in Asian study generally. However, the judgement on membrane irregularity in our senior pathologists was better than that in Asian study.Conclusion:The interobserver variation on the evaluation of the nuclear features of NIFTP is probably due to the education level, working experience, personal understanding of the diagnostic criteria, the regional difference, and some uncertain reasons. There is overall a weak consistency in the interpretation of NIFTP by Chinese pathologists, and it is necessary to popularize the diagnostic criteria and specify the criteria in detail. It is important to exclude high-risk genetic mutation using immunohistochemical staining or molecular examination on those patients with morphology of NIFTP.

14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 777-784, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774142

ABSTRACT

The tilted supine position has been evaluated to be one of the significantly effective approaches to prevent bedsore of the patients in the bedridden state. Thus, it has deeply positive influences that in view of dynamics this study explores how the position works. Based on the anatomical theories, this study formulates the human dynamic model. Furthermore, the dynamic simulation of three usual postures in tilted supine position including lying on back, lying with one knee bent and lying with the upper and lower limb on one side lifted is carried out. Therefore, the changes of the three driving forces named as chest force, waist force and thigh force in the tilted supine position can be observed. In order to verify the validity of this simulation, this study obtains the electromyogram measurements of ectopectoralis, external obliques and thigh muscles which are respectively close to the chest, waist and thigh by conducting the human force measurements experiment. The result revealed that in terms of range and trend, the experimental data and simulation's data were consistent. In conclusion, the changes of these muscles in the supine position movements are researched efficiently by both this experiment and the dynamic simulation. Besides, the result is crucially key to find the mechanism of human's tilted supine position movements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Electromyography , Models, Anatomic , Movement , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology , Posture , Supine Position
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 354-359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809958

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular features of the rare cribriform morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CMV-PTC).@*Methods@#The clinicopathologic data of 10 patients with CMV-PTC were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was done using LSAB method. DNA sequencing for APC were applied using Sanger method. BRAF V600E mutation was examined using ARMS method. The cytological, morphological, IHC and molecular features were analyzed.@*Results@#All patients were female at an average age of 27 years old. The tumors were mostly located in the right lobe of thyroid. Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed in three patients; two were diagnosed as suspicious for PTC and one as PTC. Nine tumors presented as solitary nodule and two as multiple nodules in both lobes. Infiltration was demonstrated in three cases. The average size was 2.6 cm. The neoplastic cells were arranged in papillary, cribriform, solid and glandular patterns, with rare or without colloid inside the lumen. The number of morula varied, ranging from zero to many. The neoplastic cells were variably enlarged, showing round, oval or spindle shape. Nuclear irregularity was identified as irregular membrane, nuclear grooves or pseudoinclusion, but no typical ground glass feature. Peculiar nuclear clearing could be observed in the morular cells. IHC staining showed the neoplastic cells were negative for thyroglobulin and p63, but positive for TTF1, cytokeratin 19 and estrogen receptor. Diffuse staining with cytokeratin was seen in the neoplastic cells and the morula. Specific cytoplasmic and nuclear staining of β-catenin was seen in the neoplastic cells but not the morula. Ki-67 proliferation index was 1%-30%. No recurrence or metastasis was observed. One patient was demonstrated to harbor both somatic and germline mutations of the APC gene, who was found to have adenomatous polyposis and her mother died of colonic carcinoma. No BRAF V600E mutation was detected.@*Conclusions@#CMV-PTC is rare and shows atypical cytological and clinicopathological features, and it is easily misdiagnosed.TG, TTF1, ER and β-catenin are specific IHC markers for CMV-PTC. The morula is negative for cytokeratin 19, in contrast to squamous metaplasia. Although CMV-PTC has indolent clinical behavior, a definite diagnosis is necessary to rule out the possibility of APC gene mutation and related extra-thyroidal neoplasm, such as FAP and Gardner syndrome.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1465-1469,1474, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691973

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis the short-term quality of life and clinical outcome of early enteral immunonutrition(EIN)used after operation in patients with totally endoscopic esophagectomy.Methods This randomized controlled trial enrolled 110 patients receiving totally endoscopic esophagectomy in department of thoracic surgery of the fourth hospital of Hebei medical university between May 2015 and November 2016.The patients were randomly divided into enteral immunonutrition group (EIN group,n =56) and parenteral nutrition group (PN group,n=54).The scale scores of quality of life,the time of first postoperative anal exhaust,the time of removal of drainage tube,the number of postoperative infections and the length of hospitalization were compared between the two groups before operation and after operation.Results (1) There were no significant differences in age,gender,education,marital status,tumor location,clinical stage,intraoperative bleeding between the two groups (P>0.05).(2) There were no significant differences in the quality of life before operation (P>0.05);All functional scale scores of EIN group were significantly higher than PN group (P<0.05),while the symptom scale score were significantly lower than PN group(P<0.05).(3) There were significant differences in the time of first postoperative anal exhaust,the time of removal of drainage tube,the number of postoperative pneumonia compliCations and the length ofhospitalization in the two groups (P< 0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of anastomotic fistula between the two groups(x2=0.621,P=0.431 4) The scale scores of quality of life (the overall health status as the representative) had a negatively linear relationship with the clinical outcome(P =0.000),the absolute value of correlation coefficient in EIN group was higher than that in PN group.The higher score of the quality of life,the shorter time of the postoperative anal exhaust,removal of drainage tube and the length of hospitalization.Conclusion Enteral immunonutrition can improve the quality of life,improve the prognosis and promote the rapid recovery of patients with totally endoscopic esophagectomy.

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Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 615-620, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609485

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish an in vitro blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) model to investigate the underlying mechanism of lead-induced BCB injuries.METHODS The in vitro BCB model was established by Z310 cells.Different concentrations of Pb(AC)2 (2.5,5.0 and 10.0 mmol·L-1) were used for 24,48 and 72 h.Transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) and flux of FITC-dextran were performed to determine the permeability of the in vitro BCB model.Western blotting and immunofluorescence methods were used to observe the expression of tight junction protein ZO-1 and occludin.RESULTS Compared with control group,Pb(AC)2 2.5,5.0 and 10.0 mmol· L-1 exposure for 48 h to Z310 cells had no significant effect on survival rate and density.TEER in different groups was gradually increasing.At the 12th day after Pb(AC)2 exposure,the values of TEER and flux of FITC-dextran in Pb(AC)2 5 and 10 mmol· L-1 groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05).Western blotting and immunofluorescence images showed that the expression of ZO-1 and occludin were significantly decreased (P<0.05) after Pb(AC)2 exposure for 48 h.CONCLUSION Lead exposure can cause the breakdown of BCB barriers,and this effect may be mediated by reducing the expression of ZO-1 and occludin proteins.

18.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 729-733,前插3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of rutin in the morphology of renal tissue of the diabetic mice induced by streptozotocin(STZ), and to clarify the effect of rutin on the kidney tissue damage.Methods:Twelve mice of the total 70 Kunming mice were used as normal group, the other were used to estabish type 1 diabetes mouse models by intraperitoneally injected with STZ (62.5 mg·kg-1), once daily for 5 d.The successfully established model mice were randomly divided into model group,low dose (50 mg·kg-1)of rutin group, high dose (100 mg·kg-1) of rutin group and irbesartan group (45 mg·kg-1).The mice in model group and normal group were given the carboxy methyl cellulose(CMC) and the other mice were given drugs by intragastric administration once daily for 8 weeks accordingly.The weight and blood glucose of the each mouse were determined.Full automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect the levels of serum creatinine (Cre) and blood urine nitrogen (BUN) of the mice , and the kidney index was calculated.The morphology of renal tissue was observed by HE staining, Masson staining and electron microscope.Results:After injection of STZ,the model success rate was up to 98%.Compared with normal group, there was no significant difference in the weight of the mice in other groups before administration(P>0.05).After administration of rutin, the weights of the mice in model group, low dose of rutin group, high dose of rutin group and irbesartan group were significantly decreased (P<0.05).Compared with model group, the levels of blood glucose of the mice in low and high doses of rutin groups were significantly decreased(P<0.05);the levels of Cre and BUN were significantly reduced (P<0.05);the kidney index of the mice in high dose of rutin group was significantly decreased (P<0.05).Compared with normal group,the kidney tissue of the mice in model group was seriously damaged;glomerular was weaked, the kidney tissue fibrosis was serious, glomerular basement membrane was diffusely thickened and foot process was coalesced or overgrow.Compared with model group,the degree of injury of the mice in low and high doses of rutin groups were significantly improved, especially in high dose of rutin group.Conclusion:Rutin can improve the renal function of diabetic mice induced by STZ and reduce the degree of renal tissue damage in the diabetic mice

19.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 129-131, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660187

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the inter-regional,base-like and informatized support of the field medical station during rotational training.Methods The field medical station information system developed by the hospital was introduced,which had the working mode involving in a set of system and two kinds of terminals.The problems of the information system were analyzed during iner-regional,base-like rotational training.Results The information system had its functions realized,and stills had to be improved in casualty information input flow,precision materials management and allocation standard of operating terminal.Conclusion The field medical station information system contributes to enhancing its service efficiency and informatization.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1005-1012, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659404

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and treatment of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 69 patients with SPN of the pancreas who were admitted to the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2012 to July 2017 were collected.Serum tumor markers detection,enhanced computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of abdomen were carried out preoperatively for all the patients,and a part of the patients received endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS).Surgery plans were formulated after completion of examinations.Observation indicators:(1) clinical features;(2) treatment situation;(3) results of pathological examination;(4)follow-up.All the patients were followed up via outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the survival and tumor recurrence and metastasis till July 2017.Measurement data with normal distribution were presented by (x)±s and were compared by Student's t test.Count data were compared by chi-square test.Results (1) Clinical features:① epidemiologic features:the ratio of male to female was 1∶5.9;patients were aged between 9 and 65 years,including 40 under 30 years and 29 above or equal to 30 years.The onset age was (34± 15)years for male patients and (28 ± 11)years for female patients,respectively,with no statistically significant difference (t=1.364,P>0.05).Of 69 patients,SPN was located at pancreatic uncinate process in 25 patients,at neck of pancreas in 12 patients,body and tail of pancreas in 32 patients.② Medical history:history of acute or chronic pancreatitis and abdominal trauma were denied by all the 69 patients.③ Clinical manifestation:26 patients had no obvious symptoms and were detected by physical examination;31 patients had discomfort in upper abdomen,nausea and vomiting;other patients were admitted to the hospital because of upper abdominal mass (10 patients),jaundice (1 patient) or nausea,constipation (1 patient).④ Laboratory examination:the levels of preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CA19-9 were normal.⑤ Imaging examination:plane scan of the CT examination showed round or round-like low-density shadows in the 69 patients,including 51 of cystic solid lesion,13 of solid lesion and 5 of cystic lesion.Complete capsules were observed in 64 patients,blurred boundary between pancreas and adjacent viscera in 5 patients,calcified foci in the pancreatic parenchyma and capsules in 14 patients.Ten patients received MRI examination,and the T1-weighted images showed equal or slightly lower signal,T2-weighted images showed slightly higher signal in the plane scan,and T1-weighted and T2-weighted images of the tumor capsule showed continuous or non-continuous ring-like signal.The results of enhanced scan showed slightly heterogeneous enhancement of the capsule and the parenchyma of the pancreas in the arterial phase,and progressive enhancement in the venous and delayed phase,while the enhancement degree was lower than that of the normal pancreas parenchyma.The parenchyma was cloud-,papillaor mural nodule-like enhanced.Obvious enhancement was observed in capsule while not in the cystic components.The boundaries of the tumors in 5 patients were clear under EUS.Hypo-,iso-and hyperechoic regions were found in the masses,and the masses were confirmed as cyst-solidary type.Obvious calcified foci were found in 1 patient.(2) Treatment outcome:twenty-seven patients received laparoscopic surgery,including tumor expiration in 13 patients,distal pancreatectomy with preservation of spleen in 8 patients,distal pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy in 2 patients,middle pancreatectomy in 2 patients,pancreaticoduodenectomy with preservation of pylorus in 1 patient,pancreatic head resection with preservation of duodenum under the assistance of laparoscopy in 1 patient.Forty-two patients received open surgery,including tumor expiration in 12 patients,distal pancreateetomy with preservation of spleen in 10 patients,distal pancreatectomy combined with spleneetomy in 6 patients,middle pancreatectomy in 5 patients,pancreaticoduodenectomy in 7 patients (with preservation of pylorus in 2 patients) and pancreatic head resection combined with preservation of duodenum in 1 patient.One patient with SPN + hepatic metastasis received distal pancreatectomy+ metastatic foci resection in the lesser omental bursa,and then followed by radiofrequency ablation in the hepatic metastatic foci.Postoperative complications:21 of 69patients had postoperative complications,including 17 intestinal fistulas,2 abdominal bleedings,1 incomplete obstruction,1 pleural effusion + atelectasis,and all of them were cured by symptomatic treatment.(3)Pathological examination:the resection margins of 69 patients were negative.The mean diameter of the tumor was (7±4) cm (21 patients with tumor diameter < 5 cm,and 48 with tumor diameter ≥5 cm).The tumor diameters of 4 in 10 male patients were above or equal to 5 cm,and the number was 44 in 59 female patients,with statistically significant difference (x2 =4.828,P<0.05).The tumor diameters of 32 in 40 patients who aged under 30 years were above or equal to 5 cm,and the number was 16 in 29 patients who were aged above or equal to 30 years,with statistically significant difference (x2=4.895,P<0.05).Solid,pseudo-papillary and cystic regions in the SPN tissues were seen under the light microscope.Tumor cells were surrounded the blood vessels and were arranged in the nest or sheet shape in the solid region;blood vessels were surrounded by one or multiple layers of tumor cells in the axis or pseudopapillary shape in the pseudopapillary region;large amount of mucus and clusters of blood cells were seen in the cystic regions.The result of immunohistochemistry showed that the positive rates of α1-antitrypsin,vimentin,β-catenin,progesterone receptor,CD10,synaptophysin and chromogranin A were 100.0% (39/39),96.6% (28/29),95.7% (45/47),94.4% (51/54),92.5% (49/53),72.9% (35/48) and 5.6% (3/54),respectively.(4) Follow-up:63 of 69 patients were followed up for 1-68 months,with median time of 29 months.No SPN recurrence or metastasis was detected.One patient died of lung cancer at postoperative month 35 and other patients survived well.Conclusions SPN of pancreas is mostly detected in young female patients,and it could be solid or cystic.Abdominal enhanced CT or MRI examination could clarify the diagnosis.EUS-fine needle aspiration examination could provide pathological evidence for definitive diagnosis.Typical cellular morphology and pseudopapillary regions may provide hints for the diagnosis of SPN,and the diagnosis could be clarified when combined with the detection of vimentin,α 1-antitrypsin or other indexes.Complete resection of SPN and ensure negative resection margin are fundamental principles of treatment.

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