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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1110-1115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of ultrasound therapy in the rat model of sepsis.Methods:Seventy-eight male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into Sham group ( n = 12), septic model group ( n = 22), ultrasound treatment group ( n = 22), methyllycaconitine citrate (MLA) combined with ultrasound treatment group ( n = 22). In the Sham group, only the abdomen was opened, the cecum was found to be free, without cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). In the septic model group, CLP was used to replicate the septic rat model. After operation, each group of rats were subcutaneously injected with preheated 37 ℃ normal saline. The rats in the ultrasound treatment group were treated with ultrasound [Philips IU22 L9-3 ultrasound instrument and 9 MHz probe were used to break the sequence in the spleen area once every 6 seconds, with 1 second for each time, the mechanical index (MI) was 0.72, and the treatment time was 10 minutes]. In the MLA combined with ultrasound treatment group, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) specific blocker MLA 4 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally 30 minutes before operation, and ultrasound treatment was performed 2 hours after operation. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL-1β, IL-6) in serum of each group were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at 24 hours after operation. The 10-day survival rate of each group was recorded, and the symptoms of each group were evaluated by clinical disease score (CDS). The histopathological changes of lung and colon were observed under light microscope. Results:Compared with the Sham group, the 10-day survival rate of rats in the septic model group was decreased significantly [40% (4/10) vs. 100% (6/6)], the CDS was (10.73±2.19 vs. 6.17±0.58) and the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were increased significantly at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α (ng/L): 42.00±8.92 vs. 13.16±3.19, IL-6 (ng/L): 129.37±25.04 vs. 63.99±12.92, IL-1β(ng/L): 254.98±67.27 vs. 76.83±25.39, all P < 0.01]. Compared with the septic model group, the survival rate in the ultrasound treatment group was improved [70% (7/10) vs. 40% (4/10)], but there was no significant difference ( P > 0.05). The CDS (7.64±2.68 vs. 10.73±2.19) and the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were significantly reduced at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α(ng/L): 16.93±6.02 vs. 42.00±8.92, IL-6 (ng/L): 73.65±24.38 vs. 129.37±25.04, IL-1β(ng/L): 111.86±14.08 vs. 254.98±67.27, all P < 0.01]. Compared with the ultrasound treatment group, the survival rate in the MLA combined with ultrasound treatment group was reduced [60% (6/10) vs. 70% (7/10)], but the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). CDS was significantly increased (9.55±2.72 vs. 7.64±2.68), and the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were significantly increased at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α(ng/L): 34.61±7.89 vs. 16.93±6.02, IL-6 (ng/L): 112.92±10.42 vs. 73.65±24.38, IL-1β(ng/L): 212.57±32.16 vs. 111.86±14.08, all P < 0.01]. Microscopically, in the septic model group, the alveolar septum was thickened, a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated, normal pulmonary reticular structure disappeared, and pulmonary interstitium showed obvious hemorrhage and edema, meanwhile, the structure of colonic villi was obviously abnormal, with cells were edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the arrangement was disordered, so that the subepithelial space and the top of it fell off. After ultrasound treatment, the thickness of the alveolar interval in rats was similar to that in Sham group, without obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, and the pulmonary reticular structure was relatively intact. At the same time, the morphology of colonic villi was basically normal and orderly, the edema of cell was not obvious, and subcutaneous space and tip fall off were not obvious. After being antagonized by MLA, the rat lung tissue showed thickened alveolar septum, inflammatory cell infiltration, incomplete pulmonary network structure, hemorrhage and edema in the interstitium. The villi structure of the colon was faintly visible, with obvious cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the arrangement was abnormal. Conclusion:Ultrasound treatment improves the prognosis of septic rats, MLA can reverse the anti-inflammatory effect of ultrasound therapy by antagonizing α7nAChR, suggesting that the protective mechanism of ultrasound in sepsis may be related to activating the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway mediated by α7nAChR.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) caused by liver-qi depression from the aspect of Glu-GABA metabolic pathways.Methods:Thirty-six rats with similar open field scores and regular estrus cycles were divided into blank group, model group, fluoxetine group, Shuyu capsule group, saikosaponin group and inhibitor group according to the random number table method, with 6 rats in each group. Stereotactic hippocampus surgery was performed during the first estrous cycle reception period after the estrus cycle was determined. In the non-receiving period of the third and fourth estrus cycles, the restraint model was constructed, and from the first day of the modeling, rats of the fluoxetine group were given fluoxetine capsules 2.67 mg/kg, while rats of the Shuyu capsule group and saikosaponin group were given Shuyu capsules 0.408 g/kg and saikosaponin 0.72 mg/kg once a day for 5 consecutive days. Rats in the inhibitor group were injected with 20 μl L-malic acid with 5 mmol/L concentration, which is an inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), in the hippocampus on the last day of modeling. After the administration, weighed the rats and carried out open field experiments. During the second and fivth estrus cycles of rats, the extracellular fluid of the hippocampus was collected by microdialysis technology, and the content of Glu and GABA in the dialysate was detected by HPLC-FLD. Results:After 5 days of administration, compared with the model group, the body weight of rats in the Shuyu capsule group, the inhibitor group and the fluoxetine group increased ( P<0.05), and the total score of the open field experiment decreased ( P<0.05); compared with the model group, during the receiving period of the five estrus cycle, the Glu level of the Shuyu capsule group and the inhibitor group decreased ( P<0.05); In the non-receiving period of the fifth estrus cycle, the Shuyu capsule group, Glu level of the fluoxetine group and the saikosaponin group increased, GABA level of Shuyu capsule group, inhibitor group and fluoxetine group decreased ( P<0.05), Glu/GABA level of Shuyu capsule group, fluoxetine group and inhibitor group (1.49 ± 0.13, 1.32 ± 0.33, 3.92 ± 0.79 vs. 0.35 ± 0.48) was higher than that of the model group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The therapeutic mechanism of Shuyu capsule in the treatment of PMDD caused by liver Qi depression rats may be ascribed to inhibiting GAD from Glu-GABA metabolic pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba on the proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the expression of interleukin-6(IL-6), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (Akt), p-protein kinase B (p-Akt), mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), hypoxia-inducible factor-1<italic>α </italic>(HIF-1<italic>α</italic>), and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> at the cellular level, and to explore their molecular mechanism. Method:Following the set-up of the blank group (complete medium), low-, moderate-,and high-dose (20, 40, and 60 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba groups, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose (5, 10, and 20 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) cisplatin groups, the cell were treated with the corresponding drugs for 24, 48, and 72 h for detecting their viability by tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetry. A549 cells were then divided into the blank group, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba group, cisplatin group, and combined medication group and intervened with the<sup> </sup>complete medium, 40 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba, 10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> cisplatin, and 40 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba + 10 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>cisplatin, respectively, for 24, 48 and 72 h, followed by the measurement of inhibitory effects against the proliferation of A549 cells in each experimental group. The level of IL-6 in cell culture supernatant was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) after 72 h. The mRNA expression levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each group were assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> by Western blot. Result:After 24 h intervention, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba did not significantly inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells. However, 48 h later, the inhibitory effect in Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba groups were significantly enhanced in comparison with that in the blank group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), exhibiting a time-dependent response. After 72 h of action, no significant change was present in the inhibitory effect of each Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba group, so the optimal concentration of Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba was set at 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> for follow-up experiments. As demonstrated by the comparison with the blank group, cisplatin at each concentration inhibited the cell proliferation in a time-dependent manner (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Considering the cell survival rate, the best concentration of cisplatin was set at 10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>. Compared with the blank group, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba combined with cisplatin remarkably inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a time-dependent manner (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), and the differences between the combined medication group and the other two groups became more significant after 72 h of medication (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The IL-6 level in each experimental group, especially in the combined medication group, significantly declined in contrast to that in the blank group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The mRNA expression levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in all experimental groups were obviously lower than those in the blank group, with the most significant changes observed in the combined medication group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt, mTOR, HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each experimental group was significantly down-regulated(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels in the combined medication group were even lower than those in the cisplatin group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba has an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of A549 cells, which may be related to its inhibition against the expression and secretion of IL-6/PI3K/Akt/mTOR-HIF-1<italic>α</italic> axis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878920

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Thymus przewalskii. The chemical consti-tuents were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-prepared HPLC, and their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Four flavanones were isolated from the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of T. przewalskii, and identified as(2S)-5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavanone(1), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavanone(2),(2S)-5,4'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavanone(3), sakuranetin(4), respectively. Compound 1 was a new compound and its configuration was determined by CD spectrum, compound 3 was natural product which was isolated for the first time and their configurations were determined by CD spectra. Compound 2 was isolated from the genus Thymus for the first time and compound 4 was isolated from T. przewalskii for the first time. Furthermore, cytotoxicity test was assayed for the four flavanones. They exhibited weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer cells(A549), with the IC_(50) from 74.5 to 135.6 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavanones , Humans
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) on the prognosis of rats suffering from cardiac arrest/cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA/CPR) under different treatment timings.Methods:The method of percutaneous epicardial electrical stimulation was used to establish CA model of rat. Fifty-three male SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into the sham group ( n=5), CPR group ( n=12), PRE group ( n=12), POST5 group ( n=12) and POST30 group ( n=12). The sham group did not experience CA/CPR. VNS treatment was started at 30 min before CA (PRE group, n=12), 5 min after recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (POST5 group, n=12), and 30 min after ROSC (POST30 group, n=12) in different VNS-treated group, respectively. The electrical stimulation was applied to the vagus nerve for 30 min with a unified parameter. The neurological deficit scores at 24, 48, and 72 h after ROSC were recorded, and the survival rate in each group was observed. TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptosis of cortical area and the expression of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) in brain tissue was measured by immunofluorescence at 72 h after ROSC. Variables were compared with one-way analysis of variance, and survival for Kaplan-Meier curves were tested with the log-rank test. A P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:Compared with the CPR group (survival rate 33.33%), both pre-treatment (survival rate 75%) and post-treatment of VNS (POST5 group survival rate 75% and POST30 group survival rate 83.33%) significantly improved the 72 h survival rate after CPR ( P<0.05), mitigated neurological deficits after ROSC, reduced the positive rate of apoptosis neurons, and up-regulated the expression of α7nAChR in cerebral cortex. There was no significant difference among the VNS-treated groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Both pre-treatment and post-treatment of VNS can play a protective role in rats after CA/CPR, which may be related to the activation of α7nAChR-mediated anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821472

ABSTRACT

Indanomycins are a class of secondary metabolites of microorganisms with a trans-tetrahydroindan (indane) ring. These compounds generally have good antibacterial, insecticidal and antitumor biological activities, which have caused wide interest for medicinal chemists and biologists. This review summarizes the research progress of the discovery, biological activity, chemical synthesis and biosynthesis of indanomycin compounds since 1979 and provides scientific reference for the research and development of indanomycin antibiotics.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effects of debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation via anterior approach in treatment of tuberculosis of lower cervical vertebrae.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 patients with tuberculosis of lower cervical vertebrae who accepted the treatment of one-stage debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation from June 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males and 6 females, aged from 39 to 72 years with an average of (54.67±10.75) years. The lesion segment was C to C. Pre- and post-operative neurologic functions were evaluated by ASIA grade. All the patients underwent the X-ray films of positive and lateral of cervical spine before and after the operation and accepted the periodic review of CT to evaluate the bone grafting.@*RESULTS@#All the 15 operations were successful, no neurological or vascular injury occurred during the operation, and all patients were followed up for 18 to 52 months. The clinical symptoms improved significantly during the follow-up period and CT showed good bone grafting fusion. One patient suffered a relapse of the illness 3 years later, but was healed during the follow-up visit by strengthening the anti tuberculosis therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients with vertebral destruction and loss of cervical stability, one-stage debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation via anterior approach has definite curative effects. On the basis of standard anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, the long-term standard anti-tuberculosis treatment after operation is the key to healing the tuberculosis of lower cervical vertebrae.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the drug resistance and molecular epidemiological characteristics of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from pediatric patients. Methods:Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from patients hospitalized in Inner Mongolia Medical University Affiliated Hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 was collected.Vitek-2 Compact automatic microbiological identification and drug sensitivity analysis system was used to identify and test the drug sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, and pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence analysis (MLST) were applied to the homology analysis of the strains. Results:A total of 94 clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii were collected, of which 42 strains were isolated from pediatric patients and 52 strains from adult patients.The drug resistance rates of pediatric isolates to Imipenem, and Meropenem and Tigecycline were 7.1%, 7.1% and 0, respectively, and the drug resistance rates of adult isolates to these 3 antibiotics were 67.3%, 54.8%, and 5.5%, respectively.The results of PFGE typing showed that 94 strains were divided into 49 genotypes (X1-X49 type), 52 adult strains were distributed in 22 genotypes, and 42 pediatric strains were distributed in 33 genotypes.The dominant genotype was X23 (21 strains, 22.3%), of which 18 strains(85.7%) were adult isolates and 3 strains (14.3%) were children isolates.The drug resistance rate of X23 genotypes to carbapenems was 100%, which was significantly higher than that of other genotypes.The results of MLST genotyping showed that X23 genotype was ST195, which belonged to clonal complex(CC92) clone. Conclusions:The overall drug resistance rate of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in Inner Mongolia Medical University Affiliated Hospital was significantly lower than that of adult isolates, and the diversity of genotypes was obvious.The dominant genotypes of the strains belongs to the CC92 clone population, and is the dominant clone strain in many places of our country.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873314

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the clinical efficacy and mechanism of Guige Lingxian decoction combined with moxibustion at neck Jiaji acupoint on cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) of wind-cold-dampness arthralgia syndrome. Method::Totally 120 cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy with wind-cold-dampness syndrome were randomly divided into two groups: traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) group and combination group, with 60 cases in each group. The TCM group was treated with Guige Lingxian Tang 150 mL/time, twice a day. The combination group was treated with moxibustion at neck Jiaji acupoint in addition to the therapy of the TCM group, 30 minutes/time, once a day. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. CSR 20 subscale score, SF-36 scale score, typical symptoms and signs remission time were recorded. The total effective rate and the cure rate were recorded after treatment. Serum levels of leukotriene B4(LTB4), leukotriene C4(LTC4), leukotriene D4 (LTD4), chitinase protein 40 (YKL-40), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) before and after treatment. Result::The total effective rate was 98.11%(52/53), and the cure rate was 43.39%(23/53) in the combination group, which were higher than 91.04%(61/67) and 20.89%(14/67) in the TCM group (P<0.05). Compared with the TCM group, the scores of CSR 20 subscale and SF-36 scale in combination group were increased (P<0.05), and the remission time of typical symptoms and signs was shortened. Serum levels of LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, YKL-40, IL-1β and TNF-α were decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion::Moxibustion at neck Jiaji acupoint combined with Guige Lingxian decoction is effective in treating CSR of wind-cold-dampness arthralgia syndrome, which is worthy of clinical promotion. Its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the expression of LT, and the reduction of the content of IL-1β and TNF-α in serum, thus promoting the repair of cervical cartilage and increasing the pain threshold.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of jugular vein bulb pressure (JVBP) on postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing valve replacement-coronary artery bypass grafting under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods:Ninety-two patients of both sexes, aged 65-75 yr, with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, with New York Heart Association class Ⅱ or Ⅲ, were selected.All the patients underwent right internal jugular vein catheterization to monitor central venous pressure (CVP) and retrograde catheterization to measure JVBP.JVBP was recorded immediately after anesthesia induction (T 11), 10 min after CPB (T 12) and at the end of operation (T 13). The patients were divided into 2 groups according to JVBP: JVBP<12 mmHg group (group L) and JVBP≥12 mmHg group (group H). At T 11-13 and on 1st and 2nd days after operation (T 14, 15), heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and central venous pressure (CVP) were recorded, and blood samples from the jugular vein bulb were collected to determine the concentrations of S100β protein and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in plasma and nerve specific enolase (NSE) in serum.Cognitive function was evaluated by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at 1 day before operation (T 21), 3 and 7 days after operation (T 22, 23) and 3 months after operation (T 24). Results:A total of 80 patients were included in this study, including 46 patients in group L and 34 patients in group H. Compared with those at T 11, CVP, JVBP, and concentrations of S100β protein and MMP-9 in plasma and NSE in serum were significantly increased at T 12 in group H, and CVP at T 13-15 and JVBP at T 12, 13 and concentrations of S100β protein and MMP-9 in plasma and NSE in serum at T 12-15 were significantly increased in two groups ( P<0.05). MMSE scores were significantly lower at T 22, 23 than at T 21 in the two groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group L, JVBP at T 12, 13, CVP at T 12-14 and concentrations of S100β protein and MMP-9 in plasma and NSE in serum at T 13 were significantly increased, concentrations of S100β prote in plasma were increased at T 12, MMSE scores were decreased at T 22-24, and the incidence of POCD was increased in group H ( P<0.05). JVBP was positively correlated with CVP, plasma S100β protein, MMP-9 concentration and serum NSE concentration, and the r values were 0.95, 0.56, 0.70 and 0.58, respectively ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Increased JVBP can decrease the postoperative cognitive function of elderly patients undergoing valve replacement-coronary artery bypass grafting under CPB, and the mechanism is related to blood-brain barrier damage.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 624-630, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819222

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence rate of gallstones among university teachers in Tianjin, China, and related risk factors. MethodsPhysical examination data were collected from the teachers from five universities who participated in physical examination in Physical Examination Center, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, in 2015, and abdominal ultrasound was used for the diagnosis of gallstones. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify the risk factors for gallstones in the teachers from different universities, and a meta-analysis was used for the pooled analysis of prevalence rate and risk factors. ResultsA total of 8006 university teachers were enrolled, among whom 440 were diagnosed with gallstones, and the pooled prevalence rate of gallstones was 5.5%. The meta-analysis showed that hypertension (odds ratio [OR]=1.67, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.32-2.12, P<0.001), fatty liver (OR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.12-1.72, P<0.001), kidney stones (OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.15-3.14, P=0.01), and high levels of hexokinase (OR=1.42, 95%CI: 1.03-1.94, P=0.03), alanine aminotransferase (OR=1.32, 95%CI: 1.01-1.73, P=0.04), and globulin (OR=1.74, 95%CI: 1.08-2.79, P=0.02) were risk factors for gallstones. ConclusionThere is a relatively low prevalence rate of gallstones among university teachers in Tianjin, and hypertension, fatty liver, kidney stones, and high levels of hexokinase, alanine aminotransferase, and globulin may be the risk factors for gallstones.

12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 446-449, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792085

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical effect of repairing the electrical wound of upper limbs by using the perforator flap pedicled with the descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery. Methods From August, 2014 to July, 2018, the perforator flap pedicled with the descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery was used to repair the electrical wound of the upper limbs in 10 cases (11 sides), which were 9 cases (10 sides) in males, 1 case (1 side) in female. Three cases in the left side, 6 cases in the right side, and 1 case in both sides. The area of the flap was 12 cm ×6 cm-26 cm×11 cm.The arterial, venous and cutaneous nerves of the perforator flap were anastomosed with those of the recipient area, respectively. The patients were followed-up in outpatient depat-ment, including flap survival, texture, appearance, sensory recovery, donor site healing and scar hyperplasia. Results All the flaps survived without vascular crisis. Infection occurred in 1 case (1 side). The wound was healed 19 d after the operation by using effective antibiotics and dressing change. All cases were followed-up for 4-24 months after the operation. The blood supply of the flaps was good, the texture was similar to that of the recipient area, and the ap-pearance was satisfactory. There was no obvious bloat, and no ulceration of the flap was found. The anterolateral femoral cutaneous nerve was retained in the flap and anastomosed with the cutaneous nerve in the recipient area. The sensory recover to S3 in 3 flaps, S2 in 7 flaps, S1 in 1 flap. The donor site of the flap was sewn up with aesthetic treat-ment.After the operation, the donor sites presented a linear scar with a concealed position and no occurrence of oste-ofascial compartment syndrome. Conclusion The perforator flap pedicled with the descending branch of lateral cir-cumflex femoral artery has a constant anatomical position of perforator vessel, a wide excision range, abundant blood supply, a good appearance and a hidden donor site, which is a good choice for repairing the electrical wound.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753878

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory effect of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) on the expression of apoptosis related proteins after cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury and the protective effects of BCAA on ischemic brain injury in rats.Methods 40 male SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (n =20) and branched chain amino acid (BCAA) group (n=20) according to the random number table,and each group was randomly divided into control group (n=6),sham operation group (n=6) and model group (n =8) which used suture method to make ischemia reperfusion model.After modeling,modified Neurological Severity Scores (mNSS) was used to access the neurological impairment degree of 2,6,24,48 and 72 h in each group.The expression of apoptosis related proteins (Cleaved,Bax/Bcl-2) after 72 h was detected by the method of immune protein imprinting (Caspase3) and compared between normal diet group and BCAA group.Results Compared with the normal diet rats,the mNSS of BCAA diet rats after modeling at 2,6,24,48,72 h decreased (11.35±2.78 vs.7.15±2.41,P=0.019;9.35±1.75 vs.5.82±1.17,P=0.002;6.11±1.16vs.4.39±1.46,P=0.048;5.87±1.32vs.3.55±1.94,P=0.036;4.98±2.24vs.2.09±1.33,P=0.022).The expression of cleaved caspase3 protein and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 decreased in BCAA group.Conclusion BCAA can alleviate the apoptosis of rats after ischemia and reperfusion,reduce the damage of nerve function,and has a positive protective effect on ischemic brain injury.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752020

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the role of mitochondrial solute carrier family 25 member 13 (SLC25A13) on breast cancer development.Methods·SLC25A13 mRNA and protein expressions in invasive breast cancer tissues and normal breast tissues were from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) breast cancer dataset. Survival analysis was conducted online by Kaplan-Meier software. MCF-7 cell line was used for in vitro cell assay.Knockdown of SLC25A13 and sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) were conducted by siRNA transfection. Cell viability was measured with trypan blue exclusion. Cell cycle arrest was determined by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of SLC25A13 and P27 were detected by quantitative PCR. The protein level of SLC25A13, P27 and SIRT2 were detected by Western blotting. Protein half-life of P27 was assessed by Western blotting after ycloheximide treatment. Results·SLC25A13 was up-regulated in invasive breast cancer tissues. High expression of SLC25A13 correlated with poor overall survival and breast cancer recurrence. SLC25A13 knockdown inhibited MCF-7 cell cycle progression. P27 and SIRT2 both accumulated after SLC25A13 knockdown. P27 accumulation resulted from prolonged protein half-life. Knockdown of SIRT2 restored cell cycle arrest as well as P27 accumulation caused by SLC25A13 silencing. Conclusion·High expression of SLC25A13 may promote cell cycle progression via SIRT2 in breast cancer development.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744146

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of orthopedic clinical practice teaching design based on WeChat platform.Methods From September 2015 to August 2017,62 undergraduate students majoring in clinical medicine in the department of orthopedics of our hospital were selected as the study subjects,and randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group.With 31 interns in each group,the control group implemented the traditional teaching method according to the requirements of the syllabus.The experimental group was attached to WeChat production,push notification and communication of related courses on the basis of the traditional teaching methods.At the end of the teaching,the theoretical and operational tests,the comprehensive quality assessment,the evaluation for teachers' teaching work and the questionnaire survey of the two groups were administrated to evaluate the teaching effect.SAS 9.0 was used to do t-test and CMH-chi-square test.Results The score of the experimental group in the theoretical test [(87.52 ± 5.45) vs.(82.61 ± 7.70)],operational test [(94.36 ± 2.60) vs.(92.26 ± 3.01)],comprehensive quality assessment [(95.94 ± 1.61) vs.(93.42 ± 2.81)] and the evaluation for teachers' teaching work [(94.58 ± 2.06) vs.(92.55 ± 1.69)] were better than those of control group,and there were statistically significant differences.P values were 0.005,0.005,0.000 and 0.000 respectively.The questionnaire survey results show that the experimental group was better than the control group in learning motivation (P=0.035),literature study (P=0.013),curriculum arrangement (P=0.007),teaching satisfaction (P=0.029) and professional recognition (P=0.040).Conclusions The clinical practice teaching method based on WeChat platform is effective and feasible to the orthopedic medical students,which is helpful to improve students' learning initiative and master effective learning strategies.The application is worth promoting.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743883

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: RIPA Buffer exhibits different extraction efficiencies of proteins of cells and tissues, which is not appropriate for all samples. OBJECTIVE: To achieve an optimal lysis buffer for skeletal muscle protein extraction in mice of acidosis, and to provide basis for studies on skeletal muscle atrophy. METHEDS: Twenty male healthy C57BL/6 mice, aged 3 months, weighting 25-30 g, were provided by Laboratory Animal Center of Shanxi Medical University. The mice were sacrificed after anesthesia, and the gastrocnemius muscle of lower extremity was isolated. There were two groups: acidosis group was given 10 g of feed mixed with 0.4 mol/L hydrochloric acid (10 mL) , and control group received 10 g of feed mixed with same volume of water, for 7 consecutive days. The effect of RIPA Buffer, Original Buffer and JP Buffer on the skeletal muscle protein extraction in mice of acidosis was compared. The expression levels of AKT, p-AKT (Thr308) , rpS6 and p-rpS6 (Ser235/236) were detected by western blot assay. GLUT4 mRNA expression was examined by RT-qPCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Different buffers generated different protein-yields. The protein yield was highest in JP Buffer, but the target protein signal was not high. The protein yield was low in RIPA Buffer. Original Buffer could extract sufficient proteins, and had clear band detected by western blot assay. (2) Western blot assay scores in Original Buffer were higher than those of other two buffers. (3) Western blot assay results showed that the extent of phosphorylation in both groups showed no significant changes. (4) GLUT4 mRNA expression level examined by RT-qPCR showed no significant changes in both groups. (5) These results indicate that Original Buffer is optimal lysate of skeletal muscle protein extraction. Inactivated AKT signaling pathway is seen in the short-term hydrochloric acid-induced acidosis group, so whether lengthening acidosis time can activate the signaling pathway. Selecting the optimal lysis buffer for different samples is premise to ensure western blot assay results.

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 407-419, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780134

ABSTRACT

Reprogramming of metabolism is one of the most critical features in tumorigenesis and tumor growth. Many types of cancer show an increased demand for specific amino acids, rely on exogenous supplies, or alter amino acid metabolic pathways, leading to changes in corresponding amino acid levels to meet the need of tumorigenesis. Therefore, if the level of tumor growth-dependent amino acids can be effectively controlled, a new treatment strategy can be developed from the perspective of cell metabolism. At present, remarkable progress has been made in this field. This paper outlines the amino acid metabolic pathways closely related to tumorigenesis and tumor growth, and summarizes the corresponding regulatory mechanisms and active molecules. Finally, the direction of the field is discussed and prospected for future development.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804609

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Objective@#To study the effects of Phellodendron amurense on herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and cytokines, and to explore the mechanism of Phellodendron amurense inhibiting HSV-1 virus through multiple channels.@*Methods@#Viruses were inoculated into medicine treated HeLa cells. The proliferation of virus was observed by fluorescence microscopy. The transcriptional levels of glycoprotein gD and functional protein US1 on the surface of virus envelope were detected by quantitative (q) PCR. After incubating HeLa cells for 24 h, qPCR was used to detect the expression of intrinsic immune factors such as IP-10, IL-12, IFN-gamma and transcription factor NF-kappa B (P65). The expression and nuclear location of NF-kappa B (P65) protein were detected by immunofluorescence.@*Results@#Fluorescence showed that the proliferation of virus decreased significantly at 8 and 40 ng/ml (P<0.01), and the transcription levels of viral protein gD and US1 decreased (P<0.05). After incubation for 24 hours, the transcription levels of IP-10, IL-12 and IFN-gamma in HeLa cells increased significantly (P<0.01). The transcription level of transcription factor NF-kappa B (P65) also increased (P<0.05), and immunofluorescence showed that the nuclear penetration rate of p65 subunit of NF-kappa B (P65) in each group increased (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Phellodendron amurense extract can inhibit HSV-1 by inhibiting the transcription of viral functional protein and promoting the expression of cellular immune factors.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344121

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OBJECTIVE To explore the genetic basis for a family affected with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS). METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and oral swab samples from the patient and her relatives. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to analyze 106 target genes by capturing the exons and adjacent intronic regions. Suspected pathogenic mutation was verified by NGS. RESULTS A missense STK11 mutation was detected in the proband, which was not reported previously. The mutation has caused substitution of Leucine by Proline. NGS has detected the same mutation in the mother but not among other relatives. CONCLUSION This hereditary case of PJS may be attributed to the missense mutation of the STK11 gene.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701581

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare diagnostic value of four fungal scoring methods in invasive Candida infection,provide evidence for early diagnosis and treatment of invasive Candida infection.Methods High-risk patients with invasive Candida infection in the intensive care unit(ICU) in a hospital from 2011 to 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.According to diagnostic criteria,patients were divided into four groups:non-infection group,suspected infection group,clinically diagnosed group,and confirmed group,patients were conducted multi-diseases risk assessment (MDRA) score,invasive fungal infections risk scoring system (IFIRSS) score,Sevilla score,and Candida score,diagnostic value of four scoring methods for invasive Candida infection were evaluated.Results There were 275 high-risk patients,138 in non-infection group,63 in suspected infection group,and 74 in infection group(clinically diagnosed group:n =64;confirmed group:n =10).The age and length of hospital stay in the infection group were all higher than non-infection group (both P<0.05).74 strains of Candida were isolated from 74 infected patients,mainly Candida albicans (n =60,81.1%).Positive rates for MDRA score,Candida score,Sevilla score,and IFIRSSscore were 41.5%(n =114),30.2%(n =83),15.3%(n =42),and 8.4% (n =23) respectively.Of four MDRA scoring methods,MDRA had the higher sensitivity(Se,59%) but lowest specificity(Sp,66%);IFIRSS had higher Sp(91%) but very low Se (9%);Sevilla score had the highest Sp (96%)and higher Se(45%);Candida score had the highest Se(68%) and higher Sp (90%).Conclusion Sevilla score has higher Se and Sp,which can be used in early diagnosis of invasive Candida infection;Candida score has the highest coincidence with clinical diagnostic criteria for invasive Candida infection,both Se and Sp are high,which is of great value for early diagnosis of invasive Candida infection.

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