Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 38
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879001

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica is a kind of traditional medicine and medicinal and edible plant, with rich variety resources and high development value. It is a key poverty alleviation variety in China at present. As P. emblica processing industry is rising gradually in recent years, in order to fully develop and utilize its industrial resources, this paper systematically introduces current comprehensive development and utilization of P. emblica, discusses the problems in P. emblica processing industry, and puts forward comprehensive development and utilization strategies and industrial models in terms of cultivation, breeding, grading, quality evaluation and waste recycling, so as to provide a certain reference for promoting the high-quality development of P. emblica industry in China.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine , Medicine, Traditional , Phyllanthus emblica , Plant Breeding , Plant Extracts
2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 641-645, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819224

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of triptolide on fibrosis in mice with cerulein-induced chronic pancreatitis (CP) based on the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)/interleukin-6 (IL-6) signaling pathway. MethodsA total of 15 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group (treated with normal saline), cerulein group (model mice with cerulein-induced CP), and triptolide group (induced by cerulean and treated with triptolide), with 5 mice in each group. Samples were collected for detection after 6 weeks. The weight of the pancreas was measured; HE staining, picrosirius red staining, and Masson staining were used to observe pancreatic histomorphology and collagen deposition; ELISA was used to measure the expression of IL-6 in serum; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and NF-κB/p65; Western blot was used to measure the expression of NF-κB/p65, IL-6, and α-SMA. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsThere were significant differences between the three groups in the weight of the pancreas, IL-6 concentration, pathological score, picrosirius red staining results, Masson staining results, and mean optical density of positive α-SMA signal and positive NF-κB/p65 signal(F=64.87, 15.85, 145.33, 141.80, 121.77, 250.22, and 69.22, all P<0.001). Compared with the cerulein group, the triptolide group had a significant increase in the weight of the pancreas and significant reductions in the expression of IL-6, pancreatic fibrosis, collagen deposition, and the expression of α-SMA and NF-κB/p65 (all P<0.05). Western blotting showed that there were significant differences in the expression of NF-κB/p65, IL-6, and α-SMA between the three groups (F=8.86, 6.74, and 16.23, all P<0.05), and compared with the cerulein group, the triptolide group had significantly lower expression of NF-κB/p65, IL-6, and α-SMA in the pancreatic tissue (all P<0.05). ConclusionTriptolide alleviates fibrosis in mice with cerulein-induced CP and inhibit the protein expression of NF-κB/p65 and IL-6.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the main chemical components in the supernatant and precipitate of Sanajon oral liquid, so as to provide basis for establishing its quality standard and precipitation control technology. Method:UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE was used to analyze the chemical components in the supernatant and precipitate of this oral liquid. The analysis was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution (A) and acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 2%B; 1-2 min, 2%-5%B; 2-4 min, 5%-7%B; 4-6 min, 7%-24%B; 6-10 min, 24%-42%B; 10-12 min, 42%-54%B; 12-15 min, 54%-76%B; 15-18 min, 76%-100%B), the flow rate was set to 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 30 ℃, the injection volume was 2 µL. The mass spectrographic analysis was used with electrospray ionization (ESI), sample MS data was acquired by time-dependent MSE in negative ion mode, the collection range was m/z 50-1 200 (supernatant) and m/z 50-3 000 (precipitate). Then the chemical constituents were identified by the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular mass and secondary mass spectrum fragment. Result:Totally 61 compounds were identified in the supernatant, including tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, amino acids, organic acids, fatty acids, etc. Totally 15 compounds were identified in the precipitate, including tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, fatty acids, etc. Conclusion:The hydrolyzed tannin of Sanajon oral liquid may be the potential material basis of its precipitate, and its precipitate is likely to be a complex precipitate mainly composed of ellagic acid and tanned red. The established UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE can quickly and comprehensively analyze the chemical composition of Sanajon oral liquid, which can provide a scientific basis for the researches of its material basis, precipitation mechanism and quality control.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828406

ABSTRACT

Fatigue is a widespread and complex physiological phenomenon. Chronic fatigue can lead to cardiovascular dysfunction, mental disorders and other serious pathological reactions. Therefore, how to relieve fatigue accurately and effectively is an important proposition to implement the concept of "Healthy China" in the new era. As an important part of Chinese medicine health industry, Chinese medicine health food has been developing rapidly in recent years. At present, there are 1 157 kinds of anti-fatigue health food on the market in China, most of which are single Chinese medicine and its compound. However, their functions are generally labeled as "anti-fatigue", and their function positioning is too extensive and unclear. With the deepened understanding of fatigue classification and its physiological and pathological basis, it is urgent to be combined with the progress of modern chemical and pharmacological stu-dies to differentiate and precisely position the anti-fatigue health effects of traditional Chinese medicine. For this purpose, the classifications of fatigue were summarized in this paper, and the mechanism of fatigue was explained from the aspects of energy metabolism, accumulation of metabolites, oxidative stress, inflammation, hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis and so on. We selected 10 traditional Chinese medicines which are most frequently used in health food, analyzed their anti-fatigue effect mechanisms, and summarized the best types of anti-fatigue food, so as to promote the scientific development of anti-fatigue health food industry, expand the market application scope of anti-fatigue health food, better respond to the construction of a healthy China and serve for people's health.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Food , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
5.
Singapore medical journal ; : 554-559, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774705

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death around the world, being the top cause of cancer-related deaths among men and the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women in Singapore. Currently, no screening programme for lung cancer exists in Singapore. Since there is mounting evidence indicating a different epidemiology of lung cancer in Asian countries, including Singapore, compared to the rest of the world, a unique and adaptive approach must be taken for a screening programme to be successful at reducing mortality while maintaining cost-effectiveness and a favourable risk-benefit ratio. This review article promotes the use of low-dose computed tomography of the chest and explores the radiological challenges and future directions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773188

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the quality of Styrax more comprehensively,this study attempted to establish an HPLC wavelength switching method to simultaneously determine the content of seven compounds in Styrax,and chemometrics were used to analyze the quality difference between different sources of Styrax,and finally establish a characteristic chromatogram of Styrax. The column was Agilent ZORBAX Extend C18( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) with phase a mixture of acetonitrile-0. 1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase in a gradient elution procedure; the detection wavelength was set as follows: 0-13. 5 min,194 nm( benzoic acid);13. 5-20. 5 min,278 nm( cinnamic acid); 20. 5-32 min,194 nm( benzyl benzoate,benzyl cinnamate,cinnamyl cinnamate,dehydroabietic acid); 32-55 min,241 nm( abietic acid). The methodological verification results showed that when the injection masses of benzoic acid,cinnamic acid,benzyl benzoate,benzyl cinnamate,cinnamyl cinnamate,dehydroabietic acid and abietic acid were0. 006 948-0. 694 8,0. 001 426-0. 142 6,0. 013 16-0. 658 0,0. 006 148-0. 614 8,0. 008 035-0. 803 5,0. 002 121-0. 212 1,and0. 010 172-1. 017 2 μg,respectively,there were good linear relationship between injection mass and peak area. The average recovery rates of seven compounds were in the range from 94. 34% to 105. 8%,and all RSD were less than 3. 0%( n = 6). The methodological verification results showed that the developed HPLC wavelength switching method has good accuracy and repeatability. The results of the sample analysis showed that the quality of Styrax from different sources was quite different. The chromatogram of Styrax reference material( S1) was used as the reference chromatogram to calculate the fingerprint similarity of each batch of samples. The results showed that the similarities of samples S2-S10 were 0. 952,0. 949,0. 981,0. 351,0. 751,0. 969,0. 979,0. 992 and 0. 971,respectively.The similarity values of other batches samples were satisfactory,except for sample S5 and S6,indicating that the quality difference among these samples is small. The similarity values of S11-S20 were 0. 060,0. 055,0. 054,0. 285,0. 092,0. 002,0. 044,0. 044,0. 044,and 0. 040,respectively. The results showed that compared with the sample S1,there was a large quality difference among S11-S20. Based on the chromatograms of S1-S10,the HPLC characteristic chromatograms of Styrax was established and the purpose is to give reference to other pharmaceutical researchers. The newly developed HPLC wavelength switching method have the advantages of simplicity,reproducibility and specificity,and the developed HPLC characteristic chromatograms provided a reference method for the overall quality evaluation of Styrax.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Phytochemicals , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Styrax , Chemistry
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2141-2148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780352

ABSTRACT

To explore the application of an effect-constituents index (ECI) for the quality evaluation of rhubarb, we carried out the simultaneous determination of 12 chemical components by ultra-performance liquid chromatography and used the ICR mouse constipation model to determine the diarrhea biopotency of these 12 components. With the diarrhea biopotency of sennoside A as a reference, the diarrhea biopotency weight coefficient of each chemical component was obtained. A multi-component chemical quantitative analysis combined with the biopotency weight coefficients for rhubarb was developed, named the diarrhea ECI. Animal experiment ethics requirements were approved by the Animal Experimental Ethics Committee of the 302 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army (Grant Number: IACUC-2015-012). The results showed that there were significant differences in the content of the 12 chemical components in different batches of processed products of rhubarb. Especially worthy of attention was the content of aloe-emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside in sample Rh03, nearly 40-fold higher than that in Rh07 (4.79 vs 0.12 mg·g-1), and the content of rhein-8-O-β-D-glucoside in sample Rh03, nearly 45 times higher than that in Rh07 (3.56 vs 0.08 mg·g-1). The actual measured diarrhea biopotencies of the 12 chemical components ranged from 61.65 ± 4.28 to 233.84 ± 5.58 U·mg-1. The calculated diarrhea effect-constituents indices of 16 rhubarb samples ranged from 1.07 (Rh15) to 19.38 (Rh03), and the actual measured diarrhea biopotencies of 16 rhubarb samples based the ICR mouse constipation model ranged from 23.84 U·g-1 (Rh16) to 310.94 U·g-1 (Rh05). The correlation between the diarrhea ECIs and the actual measured diarrhea biopotencies of 16 rhubarb samples was good (r = 0.969 5), suggesting that the diarrhea effect-constituents indices may be the most suitable for evaluating the quality of different rhubarbs with regard to diarrhea.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2195-2203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780351

ABSTRACT

Xiaojin pills, the first choice for clinical treatment of breast hyperplasia, were selected to explore the suitability of a bioactivity assay with chemical fingerprinting for the development of an overall quality evaluation assay. The liposoluble and water-soluble fraction fingerprints of Xiaojin pills were established. The ability to inhibit platelet aggregation and the rate of inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) for 16 batches of Xiaojin pills from several manufacturers was analyzed; the chemical fingerprints of these samples were correlated with the bioactivity and chemical analysis. The animal protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Approval, ID: 2018BL-002. Results showed that the antiplatelet aggregation activity of 16 batches was 0.712-1.278 U∙mg-1, with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 15.4%. COX-2 inhibition was 52.07%-68.95% and the RSD was 8.91%. The results showed that there was little difference in the biological effects of these samples. However, the chemical fingerprint consistency of these 16 batches of Xiaojin pills was poor, and the similarity of nearly half of the samples was less than 0.9. The total peak area of Xiaojin pills was 32.74%-165.37% across samples, showing very poor chemical consistency. In order to explore the reasons for the poor chemical consistency despite good consistency in the biological assays, the fingerprint chromatogram was analyzed by multivariate statistical analysis. The main chromatographic peaks were identified. The results showed that the similarity of Xiaojin pills was mainly determined by the prominent chromatographic peaks 17, 18, 20, 23 and 27 in the liposoluble fingerprints, which were identified from Liquidambaris resina and Angelica sinensis Radix. However, Liquidambaris resina and Angelicae sinensis Radix had almost no anti-platelet aggregation activity or COX-2 inhibitory effect at the normal prescription ratio. As a result, the ability to utilize chemical fingerprints to evaluate the quality consistency of Xiaojin pills is limited. The selection of biological evaluation methods that reflect clinical efficacy could make up for the shortcomings of chemical evaluation methods for quality assessment, and provide new ideas and methods for the overall quality evaluation of complex Chinese patent medicines.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2162-2168, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780350

ABSTRACT

Consistency in quality of traditional Chinese medicine granules is an important factor to ensure reproducible clinical efficacy. In this study rhubarb dispensing granules were utilized to construct an efficacious near-infrared spectroscopy (eNIRS) assay by combining NIRS and biopotency. A NIR method for assaying rhubarb dispensing particles was established, and information on different batches was collected. The diarrhea-inducing biopotency of rhubarb dispensing granules was determined based on a constipation model induced by diphenoxylate in mice. The animal protocol was approved by the Animal Ethic Committee​ of 302 Hospital of Chinese PLA People's Liberation Army (ID: IACUC-2019-0010). Ten anthraquinones were determined in rhubarb dispensing granules by UPLC. The correlation between NIR and biopotency was analyzed and five characteristic bands that correlated highly with bioactivity were identified, including 4 011-4 390, 4 859-5 461, 7 012-7 493, 10 992-11 312 and 11 871-12 489 cm-1. There were some differences in the main bands of different chemical constituents. In summary, five active bands based on NIRS were identified and found to be able to achieve rapid on-line detection of rhubarb dispensing granule quality. This research model may also provide reference for quality control of other Chinese medicine dispensing granules.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2169-2177, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780349

ABSTRACT

There are many kinds of processed products of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP), but their differences in toxicity and efficacy have not been identified. The minimum premature ventricular contraction (PVC) method was used to evaluate the biological toxicity of eight processed products. The results showed that the minimal toxic dose (MTD) of an ethanol extract of Shengfupian (SFP) was 0.16 g·kg-1, which was much lower than that of Heishunpian (HSP), Baifupian (BFP), Baofupian (BAP), Paofuzi (PFZ) or Zhengfupian (ZFP), with MTDs ranging from 2.64 to 5.75 g·kg-1. No cardiotoxicity was detected with Chaofupian (CFP) and Paotianxiong (PTX). A novel +dp/dtmax assay for acute heart failure in rats was developed to evaluate the cardiac activity. It was found that all eight processed products had cardiac effects, with Shengfupian showing the strongest cardiotonic effect and the ability to restore damaged cardiac function to normal within 15 minutes of injection. Heishunpian, Baifupian and the three other products displayed moderate activity, while Paofuzi and Paotianxiong were the weakest. An LC-MS/MS method was utilized to determine the content of 13 alkaloids in water extracts. The results demonstrated that hypertoxic aconitine, mesaconitine, and hypaconitine could not be detected, higenamine was only present in Shengfupian, and salsolinol was about 4-56 times higher in Shengfupian than in other products. A correlation analysis showed that salsolinol had the best correlation with the cardiotonic index, with a correlation coefficient as high as 0.817, while the three monoester alkaloids failed to correlate with the cardiotonic effect. Higenamine and salsolinol were cardiotonic, while the 11 other components had no cardiotonic activity. This study establishes methods for precise evaluation of cardiotoxicity and cardiac activity, reveals the toxicity and efficacy of common processed products, and identifies the key quality markers for cardiac activity, providing scientific support for the quality evaluation and clinical application of processed products of aconite.

11.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1637-1641, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857874

ABSTRACT

The pesticide residues in traditional Chinese herbal medicines have seriously affected its safety of quality and international reputation, and have been widely concerned by the public and regulatory authorities. With the increasing demand for high-quality green Chinese medicine products, the frequency of quantitative determination of pesticide residues in traditional Chinese medicine products by the regulatory authorities will also increase significantly. It is imperative to establish a series of quantitative methods for pesticide residue analysis that are fast, simple, high-throughput, and low-cost. This paper mainly summarized the research status of pesticide residues analysis in Chinese herbal medicines, summarized the difficulties encountered in the analysis of pesticide residues in Chinese herbal medicines, and introduced the advantages of the retention index principle applied to the analysis of pesticide residues in Chinese herbal medicines. This paper highlights the research progress of retention index principle combined with the Smart Database-Pesticides database applied to three exemplary examples, including: the quantitative determination of 12 pyrethroid pesticide compounds in Anisi Stellati Fructus, the quantitative determination of 74 pesticide compounds in Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and quantitative determination of 130 pesticide compounds in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. The purpose of this paper is to make retention index principle more popular in the rapid analysis of pesticide residues in traditional Chinese herbal medicines.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850930

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish a QAMS analytical method for 16 compounds in Psoraleae Fructus, and attempt to evaluate the quality difference among different batches of Psoralen Fructus by chemometrics. Methods: All experiments were performed on three different HPLC instruments. Isopsoralen was used as the internal reference substance to determine the relative correction factors of the other 15 compounds. The robustness and durability of the measured relative correction factors of the 15 compounds were evaluated on different chromatograph instruments and columns; And the measurement result deviation was compared between QAMS method and the external standard method. Results: Under the established chromatographic conditions, the relative correction factors of 15 compounds in Psoraleae Fructus had high accuracy, good durability, and good reproducibility under different experimental conditions. The results obtained from two analysis methods showed no significant deviation. The results obtained by the new established QAMS analytical method showed that the consistency of compound types among different batches of Psoraleae Fructus were better, but the content of different componounds was relatively different. Conclusion: The newly established QAMS analytical method for simultaneous determination of 16 compounds in Psoraleae Fructus provides a more efficient method to evaluate the comprehensive quality of Psoraleae Fructus from different sources.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852190

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a simultaneous quantitative analytical method of 10 anthraquinone derivatives in Rheum officinale based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) for the quality evaluation and control. Methods The UPLC method was performed on a BEH C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm) with a binary gradient mobile phase consisting of a mixture of methanol and 0.1% aqueous phosphoric acid with column temperature at 34 ℃. Using a gradient elution method; The flow rate was set at 0.20 mL/min; The injection volume was set at 2.0 μL; The detection wavelength was set at 410 nm. This study focused on the influence of analytical parameters on the separation efficiency of five anthraquinone glucosides in R. officinale. To obtain robust chromatographic resolution of the five anthraquinone glucosides, relatively important chromatographic parameters including the retention time, resolution, theoretical plate number, and symmetry factor were investigated by altering the column temperature and flow rate. Results The optimal column temperature was found to be 34 ℃, and the optimal flow rate was 0.20 mL/min. A new UPLC analytical method was developed for simultaneous quantification of 10 anthraquinone derivatives in R. officinale based on these optimal parameters. This UPLC-based analytical method was successfully applied to quantitative determination of 10 anthraquinone derivatives in Rheum tanguticum and Rheum palmatum. The analysis showed that there were significant content differences between aloe-emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside (more than 60-fold) and rhein-8-O-β-D-glucoside (more than 77-fold) in the two species of rhubarbs tested. Conclusion The UPLC method established for the simultaneous determination of 10 anthraquinone derivatives in R. officinale based on the optimal parameters is accurate and sensitive, which will provide a more comprehensive evaluation for the chemical characterization of medicinal materials of R. officinale from different sources.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852180

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of the antiplatelet aggregation of ten anthraquinone derivatives in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma by using bioassay method, and to screen for the indicators that can be used to control the quality of rhubarb wine processing product. Methods Platelet aggregation instrument was used to determine the platelet aggregation rate induced by ADP in vitro and calculate the antiplatelet aggregation rates of 10 anthraquinone derivatives (aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, physcion, aloe-emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside, rhein-8-O-β-D-glucoside, emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside, chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucoside, and physcion-8-O-β-D-glucoside) at different concentrations. The biopotency was calculated by bioavailability software. In order to verify the accuracy of the bioassay results, the estimated inhibition constant of rhein and chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucoside in P2Y12 protein receptor were determined by molecular docking software. Results The bioassay results showed that the antiplatelet potencies of rhein and emodin were significantly higher than those of aloe-emodin, chrysophanol and physcion. Compared with the antiplatelet biopotency of aspirin, the antiplatelet potencies of rhein and emodin were 5.02 and 5.15 times higher than that of aspirin, which indicated that rhein and emodin have strong inhibitory effect on ADP-induced platelet aggregation. However, the antiplatelet potencies of aloe-emodin, chrysophanol and physcion were equivalent of that of aspirin. The antiplatelet potencies of aloe-emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside, rhein-8-O-β-D-glucoside, emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside, chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucoside, and physcion-8-O-β-D-glucoside were higher 4.13, 4.46, 9.31, 5.46, and 7.80 times than that of aspirin, respectively, which indicated that the five anthraquinone glucosides had a strong ability to antagonize ADP-induced platelet aggregation. The results of molecular docking showed that P2Y12 protein had different selectivity to 10 anthraquinone derivatives, especially for rhein, chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucoside, and the estimated Ki value were 5.73 and 2.51 μmol/L, respectively, indicating that rhein, chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucoside produced a strong inhibitory effect on P2Y12 protein at a lower concentration level. Moreover, the activity of chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucoside was stronger than rhein, which was consistent with their measured intensity of antiplatelet aggregation. Conclusion All results showed that there were some differences among antiplatelet potencies of 10 anthraquinone derivatives, and finally the screening of rhein, emodin can be used as evaluation indicators to control the quality of rhubarb wine processing product.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851845

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a simultaneous quantitative analysis method of 58 pesticide residues in Anemarrhena asphodeloides based on QuEChERS-GC-QQQ-MS/MS technique. Methods: This study was performed on a Shimadzu GC-QQQ-MS/MS spectrometer, equipped with a SHIMADZU SH-Rxi-5Sil MS column (30 m × 0.25 mm, 0.25 μm). The temperature of injection port was 250 ℃, the injection volume was 1.0 μL, the injection mode was splitless, the injection pressure was 250 kPa; The carrier gas was high purity helium and the carrier gas control mode was constant linear velocity mode; The column flow rate was 1.69 mL/min, the line speed was 47.2 cm/s, the purge flow rate was 5 mL/min. The temperature rise method was the gradient program: The initial temperature was 50 ℃, hold the state for 1 min, first raise the temperature to 125 ℃ with 25 ℃/min, then raise the temperature to 300 ℃ with 10 ℃/min, keep the state for 15 min; The balance time was 0.5 min. The QuEChERS method was used to purify the test sample solutions, and the calibration was carried out using the standard curve of blank matrix matching, using a stable isotope internal standard for quantitative. Results: Quantitative determination of 58 pesticide residues in 30 batches of A. asphodeloides samples was carried out. The results showed that there were five batches of samples detecting a small amount of p,p’-DDE, three batches of samples were detected trifluralin, two batches of samples were detected chlorpyrifos, and one batch of samples were detected butralin. Conclusion: The development and validation quantitative analysis method of 58 pesticide residues based on QuEChERS-GC-QQQ-MS/MS has good applicability, which is of reference value for the establishment of other pesticide residues in herbs.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851494

ABSTRACT

Chinese materia medica (CMM) have many unique characteristics, such as complex chemical compositions, large differences in properties, and difficulty in separation. Pharmacists try to use various analytical methods to analyze the chemical compositions in CMM. With the development of liquid chromatography technology, the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) has been applied in the analysis field of CMM, and further promoted the in-depth study of CMM. This paper summarizes the development history of HPLC and UPLC, describes its current application in the analysis field of CMM, and provides an outlook of the future development of UPLC. The purpose of this paper is to promote the more reasonable and wider application of UPLC in the field of CMM analysis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1142-1146, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701254

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of up-regulated expression of microRNA-133a (miR-133a) on myo-cardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS:Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats with homologous nor-mal blood pressure served as the normal control group. SHR were divided into SHR group, SHR+ adeno-associated virus (AAV) group and SHR+miR-133a-AAV group randomly. miR-133a carried by miR-133a-AAV was transfected into SHR heart by coronary perfusion. The rat tail artery pressure was monitored. The myocardial collagen deposition was observed by Masson staining. The expression of miR-133a in myocardial tissue was detected by real-time PCR. The protein levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were determined by immunohisto-chemistry and Western blot. RESULTS:Compared with the WKY rats, the tail artery pressure of the SHR increased sig-nificantly. The expression of miR-133a in heart decreased, and the expression levels of TGF-β1 and CTGF increased (P<0.05), and myocardial fibrosis occurred. After up-regulating the expression level of miR-133a in the heart of SHR, the myocardial fibrosis was significantly reduced, and the expression levels of TGF-β1 and CTGF decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION:Up-regulation of the miR-133a expression improves myocardial fibrosis induced by hypertension, which may be related to inhibiting the protein expression of TGF-β1 and CTGF in myocardium.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693662

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the alkaloids in the different parts of Aconitum wulingense by HPLC-ESI-Trap-MS. Methods The Agilent XDB-C18(250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) column with gradient elution of 0.1% solvent (A)-acetonitrile(B), at a flow rate of 1 ml/min was used. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃. The MS analysis was based on positive ions mode. Results In the roots, a total of 61 diterpenoid alkaloids were discovered, among which 46 were identified. In the stems, 38 alkaloids have been found, among which 33 alkaloids were identified and 27 were the same with the roots. In the leaves, 18 alkaloids have been detected and 8 were the same with the roots. Conclusions The method is accurate, reliable and efficient, and is suitable for rapid identification of ingredients in Aconitum wulingense, which provides a reference for the development and utilization of Aconitum wulingense and clarify its efficacy and material basis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732870

ABSTRACT

Objective To isolate and identify 3 flavonoids (taxifolin, orobol and quercetin) from Cudrania tricuspidata, and develop a method for determining 3 flavonoid constituents in Cudrania tricuspidata. Methods Three flavonoids was isolated from ethanol extract of Cudrania tricuspidata by chromatography, and its structure was identified by nuclear magnetic resonance. The analysis was conducted on an Aglient C18 column (4.6 mm ×250 mm, 5 μm) eluted with 1% acetic acid and methanol as mobile phases in gradient mode. The flow rate was 1 ml/min and the detection wavelength was set at 310 nm. The column temperature was 25 ℃. Results Taxifolin, orobol and quercetin were isolated from ethanol extract of Cudrania tricuspidata by chromatography. The content of taxifolin, orobol and quercetin were 0.850 mg/g, 0.518 mg/g, 0.103 mg/g. Conclusion The method can be used for the quality control of Cudrania tricuspidata as a reference.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750623

ABSTRACT

Aims@#New therapeutics are needed to ease the prevailing waterborne disease, and one of the alternatives is by exploring the natural compounds with antimicrobial properties. Duckweed, Lemna sp. is recorded as a medicinal herb that known to have antifungal and antibacterial activities towards several fungi and bacteria. Suitability of duckweed (Lemna minor) as an antibacterial resource against selected waterborne bacteria were evaluated in terms of its antibacterial activity and toxicity.@*Methodology and results@# Antibacterial activity of the duckweed methanolic extract was tested against 11 selected waterborne bacteria using disc diffusion, minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) assay. Brine shrimp lethality assay was used to determine the toxicity of this extract. The lethal concentrations of plant extract resulting in 50% mortality of the brine shrimp (LC50) were then determined.@*Conclusion, significance and impact of study@#Results showed that duckweed extract exhibited bacteriostatic and bactericidal against the selected bacteria activity at the concentration of MIC = 1.8-2.0 mg/mL and MBC ≥ 2.0 mg/mL. This study shows that methanolic extract of L. minor may contain bioactive compounds against bacteria and potential therapeutic effect. The crude extract is slightly toxic and may not safe to be used in high concentration but is valuable in further study as a potential antitumor agent.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL