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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 481-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936035

ABSTRACT

The accurate diagnosis of burn wound depth is particularly important for evaluating the disease prognosis of burn patients. In the past, the diagnosis of burn wound depth often relied on the subjective judgment of doctors. With the continuous development of diagnostic technology, the methods for judging the depth of burn wound have also been updated. This paper mainly summarizes the research progress in the applications of indocyanine green angiography, laser Doppler imaging, laser speckle contrast imaging, and artificial intelligence in the diagnosis of burn wound depth, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of these techniques, so as to provide ideas for accurate diagnosis of burn wound depth.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Artificial Intelligence , Burns/diagnosis , Humans , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry/methods , Skin , Wound Healing
2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E105-E111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920676

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the establishment of collateral circulation caused by iliac vein compression syndrom(IVCS) and the deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Methods Different types of ideal collateral circulation models and IVCS patient-specific models were numerically simulated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in combination with the blood stasis model. The relationship between blood retention and collateral types and cross-sectional area was studied, and the relationship with thrombosis was explored. Results Wall shear stress (WSS) at the distal end part of each ideal model was 0.3 Pa. After four cardiac cycles, the residual blood stayed at the stenosis and the distal end part for the lumbar ascending and pelvic type models, the old blood volume fraction (OBVF) varied with collateral cross-sectional areas, ranging from 5%-90% and 70%-80%, respectively. The OBVF of the coexistence model was above 80%. The WSS at the distal end part of the patient-specific model was 0.9 Pa, and the OBVF at the distal end part was 51.5%. Conclusions The stenosis and the distal end part are most prone to blood stasis, and closely related with DVT. The larger the collateral cross-sectional area, the more serious the blood stagnation. Blood stagnation of the coexistence model is higher compared with the model with lumbar ascending type and pelvic type.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940476

ABSTRACT

Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecological disease in clinic, with primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is usually not accompanied by organic lesions in genital organs, which is mainly related to the increase of prostaglandin content in endometrium during menstruation. Secondary dysmenorrhea is accompanied by organic lesions of reproductive organs, often associated with local lesions of reproductive organs, but also with patients' mental factors and neuroendocrine factors.The incidence of dysmenorrhea is as high as 73.8%, and there is no radical cure method, which has a great impact on the life, work and learning of patients. Chinese medicine essential oil widely exists in aromatic Chinese medicine, with antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer activities. It can regulate neuroendocrine function, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and improve mood by regulating the levels of prostaglandins, oxytocin and other hormones in the body and regulating the emotions of patients, there by alleviating dysmenorrhea to a certain extent. In recent years, many scholars have made more in-depth research on Chinese medicine essential oil in alleviating dysmenorrhea, but there is a lack of comprehensive collation of such studies. In this regard, the author has systematically sorted out the generation and classification of dysmenorrhea, the mechanism of action of essential oil of traditional Chinese medicine to alleviate dysmenorrhea and the application of essential oil of traditional Chinese medicine in the field of dysmenorrhea by consulting relevant literature in Chinese and foreign languages in recent years, so as to provide reference for the treatment of dysmenorrhea.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 324-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of different surgical procedures of Mayo level Ⅳ inferior vena cava tumor thrombus(IVC-TT).Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 36 patients with Mayo level Ⅳ tumor thrombus were collected in three large clinical centers in China, including 18 cases in PLA General Hospital, 7 cases in Nanfang Hospital, and 11 cases in Renji Hospital. There were 25 males and 11 females.The median age was 56.5 years (53-67 years old). The average body mass index was 24.18±2.55 kg/m 2. The average diameter of renal tumors was 8.24±3.25 cm. The average length of inferior vena cava tumor thrombus was 12.89±2.50 cm. Mayo level Ⅳ tumor thrombus were divided into level Ⅳa and level Ⅳb (301 classification) based on the criterion of whether the proximal end of the thrombus has invaded the right atrium. Among them, level Ⅳa patients underwent robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy without cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB-free group, 6 cases). Level Ⅳb patients underwent robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB group, 12 cases) or cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy(CPB/DHCA group, 18 cases). The baseline data of the three groups of patients were comparable. The perioperative results and long-term survival data after surgery were compared with different surgical methods for grade Ⅳcancer thrombosis. Results:All operations were successfully completed. Compared with the CPB group, the CPB-free group had a shorter first portal blocking time[17.5(15-36)min vs. 36.5(12-102)min, P=0.044], less intraoperative bleeding [2 350(1 000-3 000)ml vs. 3 500 (1 500-12 000)ml, P=0.043] and a lower allogeneic blood transfusion [1 250(500-2 000)ml vs. 2 185(700-5 800)ml, P=0.049]. Compared with the CPB/DHCA group, the CPB-free group had an advantage in reducing intraoperative allogeneic blood transfusion [1 250(500-2 000)ml vs. 2 700(1 200-10 000)ml, P=0.003]. There were no significant differences between groups in terms of duration of surgery and postoperative hospital stay. Among the 36 patients in this group, 23(64%) developed major complications (level Ⅲ or above), including 9 (25%) grade Ⅲ, 12 (33%) grade Ⅳ, and 2 (6%) grade Ⅴ. The CPB-free group had a relatively low complication rate of grade Ⅳ or above [ 17% (1/6) vs.42% (5/12) vs.44% (8/18)]. There were no statistical differences in median progression-free survival (16.4 vs.12.3 vs.18.0 months, P=0.695) and overall survival (30.1 vs.30.2 vs.37.7 months, P=0.674) between the groups. Conclusions:Robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy without cardiopulmonary bypass has the advantages of short ischemia time of organs, less intraoperative bleeding, and low incidence of major complications, which can be used as a safe and feasible surgical strategy for selected level Ⅳ tumor thrombus.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 35-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.Methods:The clinical data of 558 radical prostatectomy patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age was 67.9 (40-87) years old, and the average body mass index was 24.56 (15.12-35.94) kg/m 2. The average PSA was 41.07 ng/ml, including 48 cases<10 ng/ml, 98 cases 10-20 ng/ml, and 412 cases>20 ng/ml. There were 123, 214, 118, 89, and 14 cases with biopsy Gleason 6-10 score, respectively. The clinical stage : 90 cases in ≤T 2b, 273 cases in T 2c, and 195 cases in ≥T 3 . 558 cases underwent radical prostatectomy, including 528 robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery, 25 laparoscopic surgery, and 5 open-surgery. The risk factors for postoperative biochemical recurrence were analyzed by Cox regression. Results:A total of 63 patients had postoperative pathological stage pT 2a, 32 patients had pT 2b, 241 patients had pT 2c, and 222 patients had ≥pT 3. A total of 210 cases developed biochemical recurrence after surgery, and the mean time to biochemical recurrence was 33.3 (3-127) months after the radical prostatectomy. The biochemical recurrence rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 9.7% (54/558), 21.5% (120/558), and 31.7% (177/558), respectively. Among pT 2a and pT 2b patients, 7 (11.1%) and 4 (12.5%) cases developed biochemical recurrence, respectively. Among pT 2c stage patients, 145 (60.17%) cases had positive cut margins, treated with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) after surgery. 68 (28.21%) cases of pT 2c stage patients had biochemical recurrence at mean 36.1 (3-106)months after the radical prostatectomy. Among ≥pT 3 patients, 147 patients with positive margins, perineural invasion, seminal vesicle invasion and positive pelvic lymph nodes were treated with postoperative androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) + radiotherapy. 98 of 147 patients (66.67%) had biochemical recurrence, and the average time to biochemical recurrence was 30.6 (24-98) months.75 patients of ≥pT 3 without positive margins, perineural invasion, seminal vesicle invasion or positive pelvic lymph nodes, were treated with postoperative ADT. 33 of them (44%) had biochemical recurrence, and the average time to biochemical recurrence was 32.5 (21-106) months. 5-and 10-year survival rates of 210 patients with biochemical recurrence were 89.05% (187/210) and 78.09% (164/210) respectively, 5- and 10-year tumor-specific survival rates were 92.57% and 87.69%, respectively. 46 of 210 cases died, of which 31 (67.39%) died from prostate cancer, and 15 cases (32.61%) died from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that patient's age ≥70 years, initial PSA > 20ng/ml, ≥pT 3 and Gleason score ≥7 were independent risk factors for biochemical recurrence. Conclusions:After radical prostatectomy, patients were treated according to their pathological stage and surgical margins. Patients with positive margins have a higher risk of biochemical recurrence. The independent risk factors for biochemical recurrence included age ≥70 years, initial PSA > 20ng/ml, ≥pT 3 and Gleason score ≥7.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tibial coronal curvature on the alignment of tibial prosthesis in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From July 2019 to April 2021, 100 patients with knee osteoarthritis were treated with total knee arthroplasty. Before operation, the full-length films of lower limbs were taken and the tibial bowing angle(TBA) was measured. TBA more than 2° was tibial bending, which was divided into tibial bending group and non bending group. There were 40 cases in tibial bending group, 9 males and 31 females, aged 56 to 84 years old with an average of (69.22±7.10) years. There were 60 cases in the non bending group, 19 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 87 years old with an average of (70.80±7.21) years. The preoperative tibial length (TL) and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) were measured and compared between the two groups. The full-length X-rays of the lower limbs were taken again 3 days to 1 week after operation. The medial angle of the tibial component coronal aligement angle (TCCA) and the outilier rate of force line of the tibial prosthesis were measured and compared between the two groups. Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and age, TCCA and height, TCCA and weight, TCCA and BMI, TCCA and TBA, TCCA and TL, TCCA and MPTA; Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and gender, TCCA and Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) grade.@*RESULTS@#All 100 patients successfully completed the operation and obtained satisfactory full-length X-rays in standing position. There was no significant difference in TL, MPTA and TCCA between bending group and non bending group(P>0.05). The outilier rate of force line in tibial bending group was 22.5%, and that in non bending group was 6.67%, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). The correlation study found that TCCA was strongly correlated with TBA(r=-0.702, P<0.01), weakly correlated with MPTA(r=0.311, P<0.01), and had no correlation with other parameters(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty, tibial bending will lead to poor force line of tibial prosthesis. During operation, attention should be paid to osteotomy of proximal tibial vertical tibial mechanical axis and correct installation of prosthesis to avoid poor alignment of prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1775-1779, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulatory function of RNA binding motif protein 38 (RBM38) in human acute myeloid leukemia cells HL-60 and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The lentivirus carriers of overexpressed and knockdown RBM38 were constructed. After HL-60 cells were transfected, Western blot was used to analyze the expression level of RBM38 in HL-60 cells. The cell proliferation and cycle of HL-60 were detected by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. RNA immunoprecipitation coupled real-time PCR (RIP-qPCR) was used to detect the combination of RBM38 with mRNAs. Actinomycin D treatment followed by real-time PCR (AcD-qPCR) was used to detect the effect of RBM38 on the stability of target mRNAs.@*RESULTS@#RBM38 in HL-60 cells was overexpressed or inhibited by lentivirus transduction. Overexpressed RBM38 promoted the cell cycle and proliferation of HL-60, while RBM38 knockdown repressed the two processes. RBM38 showed an interaction with FZD1 mRNA and enhancement of its stability.@*CONCLUSION@#RBM38 can regulate cell proliferation of HL-60 by improving the stability of FZD1 mRNA.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Frizzled Receptors , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , RNA Stability , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1540-1547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the disease types, clinical manifestations, efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and provide a reference for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of MPN.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, therapeutic efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant MPN were analyzed comprehensitively by combining a clinical case diagnosed and treated in our hospital with literature cases from CNKI and PubMed databases.@*RESULTS@#A total of 38 related literatures were retrieved from the two databases by searching "JAK2 V617F" and "BCR-ABL" as key words from 1990 to 2019, and 59 cases were involved. Among all the 60 cases, 41 were males (68.3%) with a median age of 61 (32-77) years old, while 19 were females (31.7%) with a median age of 58 (21-82) years old. The BCR-ABL fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation were found simultaneously in 21 cases (35%), 19 cases (31.7%) with JAK2 V617F mutation were found during the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Ph@*CONCLUSION@#As cases of BCR-ABL and JAK2 V617F double-mutant MPN are reported, simultaneous detection of JAK2 V617F mutation and BCR-ABL fusion gene in MPN patients is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Young Adult
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914652

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Sheep-induced pluripotent stem cells (siPSCs) have low reprogramming efficiency, thereby hampering their use in biotechnology and agriculture. Several studies have shown that some microRNAs play an important role in promoting somatic reprogramming in mouse and human. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-200c-141 on somatic reprogramming in sheep and explored the mechanism of promoting the reprogramming. @*Methods@#and Results: The lentivirus system driven by tetracycline (TET)-on carrying Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, Klf4, Nanog, Lin28, hTERT, and SV40LT (OSKMNLST) could reprogram sheep kidney cells into pluripotent cells. Overexpression of miR-200c-141 in combination with OSKMNLST could significantly improve the efficiency of sheep iPSC generation (p<0.01). Sheep iPSCs derived from miR-200c-141 showed embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like pluripotent properties, were positive for alkaline phosphatase and some pluripotent markers by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence, and were able to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Oar-miR-200c was transfected into HEK293FT cells and was able to target the zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) 3’UTR using dual luciferase reporting analysis. Overexpression of oar-miR-200c in SKCs significantly reduced the expression of ZEB1, but increased the expression of E-cadherin by qRT-PCR and western blotting analysis. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that miR-200c-141 can promote the reprogramming of sheep somatic cells to iPSCs, and oar-miR-200c targeted ZEB1 3’UTR, significantly decreased expression of ZEB1, and increased expression of E-cadherin. Oar-miR-200c may improve the MET process by affecting the TGF-β signaling pathway, thus improving the efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming in sheep.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for plasma caffeine concentration detection, and to explore the clinical value of caffeine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in the treatment of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Method:Take the plasma sample in a centrifuge tube, add the caffeine deuterated isotope internal standard, then add the protein precipitant, vortex the mixture thoroughly, and centrifuge the supernatant to enter the mass spectrometry analysis. The mobile phase were methanol and water, gradient elution; the column temperature was 45 ℃, the method was established using Shimadzu LC-30AD-CL liquid system and AB SCIEX 4500 QTRAP mass spectrometer, and the sensitivity, specificity, linearity, accuracy imprecision, matrix effect, and carry-over of the method were evaluated. Sample from 30 patients diagnosed with neonatal RSD were collected in the Department of Neonatology of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February to April 2021, then detected the trough concentration of caffeine in premature infants with RDS after taking the same dose of caffeine to assess the impact of individual variation on caffeine drug concentration.Results:The detection limit of caffeine was 0.02 μg/ml, and the lowest limit of quantification was 0.05 μg/ml. It showed good linearity ( R2=0.9986, R>0.99) in the concentration range from 1.0 to 100.0 μg/ml, specificity (recovery rate of 85.52%-114.12%), accuracy (recovery rate 85.97%-114.53%), intra-day and inter-day imprecision ( CV 6.01%-11.28%), matrix effects and carryover pollution were negligible. The trough concentration of 30 preterm infants with RSD after taking the same dose of caffeine (10 mg/kg) was (25.45±11.61) μg/ml, and the coefficient of variation was 44.88%. Conclusion:This study established an accurate and reliable UPLC-MS/MS method with low sample consumption to monitor the blood concentration of caffeine; caffeine TDM has certain clinical application value, which can be used to assist RDS diagnosis and treatment and improve the efficacy of caffeine.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 67-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911179

ABSTRACT

Hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis is a difficulty in clinical diagnosis and treatment. We treated a patient with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis and managed it under the multi-disciplinary treatment model (MDT). A 55-year-old man presented to the hospital complaining of increased prostate-specific antigen (PSA) found in the physical examination for 2 days. At admission, the PSA was 389.2ng/ml, and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed metastatic malignant lesions of the prostate, with lymph node metastasis, lumbar vertebral metastases and liver tubercles. Transrectal prostate puncture biopsy: prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason score of 4+ 5=9. The patient has no history of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and diagnosed as metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Then the patient received total androgen blockade therapy (CAB regimen). After MDT discussion, metastatic prostate cancer was diagnosed based on the liver histopathology of percutaneous biopsy. After the second MDT discussion, the regimen was changed to abirone plus ADT. After 6 months, the blood PSA was controlled at a level between 0.003 to 0.006 ng/ml, and the testosterone was less than 2.5ng/dl. Re-examination of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed that lower signal of radionuclide in all lesions, especially no more abnormal uptake lesions were identified in the liver.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 63-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911178

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristic of one patient with metastatic prostate cancer and the relative literatures were reviewed. A 40-year-old man was admitted and diagnosed as prostate cancer on March 20, 2018(T 4N 1M 1a) with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 47.99 ng/ml. The first 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed multiple nodular lesions in the bilateral peripheral bands of the prostate, multiple nodular lesions in the right apex, abnormal uptake of nuclides in multiple lymph nodes in the abdominal aortic wandering zone, the abdominal aortic bifurcation zone, and the bilateral iliac artery wandering zone at the level of the lumbar 2-5 vertebral body, and metastasis was considered. The patient was treated with six cycles of drug castration combined with antiandrogenic treatment and pre-operative system chemotherapy(docetaxel). Six months later, the PSA decreased to 0.225ng/ml. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and expanded pelvic lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative total androgen blocking therapy was maintained, and PSA slowly increased. Ten months after operation, salvage radiotherapy for enlarged lymph nodes was performed in pelvic extension field, prostate tumor bed area and pelvic cavity. PSA remained stable for 7 months postradiotherapy, and then increased. The patient developed castration-resistant prostate cancer and was treated with triptorelin combined with abiraterone. PSA was decreased, and local radiotherapy was performed for new lymph node metastases in the neck. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could provide a decision-making basis for accurate clinical staging, therapeutic effect evaluation and distant metastatic lesions location with guiding value for the formulation of individualized treatment plans.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 706-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination on the guidance of surgical strategies for high-risk prostate cancer patients and the influence of positive surgical margins after surgery. Methods:The clinical data of 118 patients with high-risk prostate cancer who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy from June 2019 to December 2020 in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University was retrospectively analyzed. 47 patients received 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination before surgery (study group), and 71 cases without 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination before operation ( control group). There was no statistically significant difference in the age [69 (63, 76) vs. 67 (64, 74) years], PSA [PSA≤20ng/ml: 9.91 (6.00, 13.67) vs. 11.64 (8.15, 15.44) ng/ ml, PSA> 20ng/ml: 66.53 (53.66, 195.30) vs. 63.18 (30.08, 148.05) ng/ml], preoperative clinical staging (T 2/≥T 3: 21/26 cases vs. 34/37 cases), and Gleason score [8 (7, 9) vs. 8 (7, 9) points] (all P>0.05) between study group and control group. Both groups underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The surgical plan was based on the PSMA PET/CT and MRI results in study group and control group respectively. First, ensure that all tumors are removed, and secondly, preserve the patient's urethral length as much as possible to ensure postoperative urinary control.If there is seminal vesicle invasion, expand the scope of resection as needed. If lymph node metastasis is shown, lymph node dissection is performed. For those with negative lymph nodes in imaging studies, if enlarged lymph nodes are found during the operation, lymph node dissection is also performed. After the operation, the perioperative results and surgical margins of the two groups were compared, and the correlation between the PSA value and the SUVmax value of prostate cancer tissue was analyzed. Results:The operations of the two groups were successfully completed, and there was no transfer to open surgery. The operation time of the study group was shorter than that of the control group [175 (155, 205) min vs. 205 (155, 235) min, P=0.003], and the positive rate of resection margin was significantly lower than that of the control group [23.40% (11/47) vs. 45.07%(32/71), P=0.017]. For patients with pathological stage ≥pT 3, the positive rate of surgical margins in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group [30.77%(8/26) vs. 62.16%(23/37), P=0.014]. In the study group, 11 cases of PSMA-PET showed positive lymph nodes before operation, 10 cases were pathologically positive after operation (90.91%). PSMA-PET showed negative lymph nodes in 1 case, which was pathologically positive after operation. In the control group, 26 cases underwent lymph node dissection, and 16 cases (61.54%) were pathologically positive after operation. The preoperative PSA value of 47 cases in the study group was positively correlated with the SUVmax value of prostate cancer tissue ( r=0.579, P<0.01). Conclusions:Preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT for high-risk prostate cancer patients can guide the surgeon to optimize the surgical plan, reduce the positive rate of resection margins, and effectively remove the metastatic lymph nodes, which will benefit the patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the regulatory effects of <italic>Polygala tenuifolia</italic> and licorice-simmered <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> on learning and memory, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) function and neurotransmitters in rats with heart-kidney imbalance insomnia. Method:The rat model of insomnia induced by multi-factor stimulation was established. After the model being made, the administration groups were given the extracts of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> and licorice-simmered <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> by gavage (dose of 8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), while the normal group and model group were given the same volume of normal saline for 7 days. Morris water maze was used to detect the changes of learning and memory ability of rats in each group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol (CORT) in serum of rats from each group. The contents of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), dopamine (DA), <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamic acid (Glu) in the hypothalamus of rats were determined simultaneously by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Result:Compared with the normal group, the spatial learning and memory ability of rats in the model group<italic> </italic>was decreased, the times and time of staying in target quadrant were significantly reduced (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), the levels of CORT, CRH and ACTH in serum were significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), the contents of GABA, DA, 5-HT in hypothalamus tissue were significantly decreased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), and the content of Glu was significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group, the spatial learning and memory ability of rats in the <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> group and licorice-simmered <italic>P. tenuifolia </italic>group<italic> </italic>were increased, the times and time of staying in the target quadrant were significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), the levels of CORT, CRH and ACTH in serum were significantly decreased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), the contents of GABA, DA and 5-HT in hypothalamus tissue were significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), and the content of Glu was significantly decreased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). The recovery degree of each index in the licorice-simmered <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> group was better than that in the <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> group. Conclusion:Both <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> and licorice-simmered <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> can improve the learning and memory ability, improve the function of HPA axis, regulate the level of central neurotransmitters, and have the effect of calming the mind and improving the intelligence of rats with heart-kidney imbalance insomnia. The effect of licorice-simmered <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> is better than that of <italic>P. tenuifolia.</italic>

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2335-2341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To discuss the mechanism of synovitis of knee osteoarthritis (KOA)relieved by “Sanse powder ” volatile oil based on the activation of Nod-like receptor family 3(NLRP3)inflammasome. METHODS :“Sanse powder ”volatile oil was extracted by distillation- condensation process and the components of it were analyzed by GC-MS. Fibroblast-like synovial cells(FLS)were extracted from the knee joint of male SD rats. The effects of 10,25,50,100,250,500,1 000 μg/mL“Sanse powder”volatile oil on the viability of FLS were examined by CCK-8 assay. KOA inflammatory cell model was induced by lipopolysaccharide for 12 h. The effects of 10,250 μg/mL“Sanse powder ”volatile oil on the protein and mRNA expression of NLRP3,caspase-1 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC)were detected. The levels of IL- 1β and IL-18 in supernatants of FLS were determined . RESULTS :Totally 0.51-0.61 g volatile oil with yellow clear and unique aromatic odor were extracted from“Sanse powder ”,and the extraction rate was 0.33%-0.41%(n=9). A total of 41 chemical components were isolated ,and 30 of them were identified and their peak area accounted for 90.073 6% of the total peak area. The components with high relative content were gingerol flavonoids (17.573 9%),δ-junionene(15.434 5%),gingerol(11.509 5%),etc. When the concentration of volatile oil was 10-250 μg/mL,there was no significant effect on survival rate of FLS (P>0.05). Compared with blank group ,the relative protein and mRNA expression of NLRP 3,caspase-1 and ASC and the levels of IL- 1β and IL-18 in supernatant were significantly increased in model group (P<0.05). Compared with model group ,relative expression or levels of above indexes were all decreased significantly in FLS and supernatant of “Sanse powder ”volatile oil 10 and 250 μg/mL groups(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:“Sanse powder ”volatile oil can inhibit NLRP 3 inflammasome activation in FLS and reduce the downstream inflammatory cascade response ,thus exerting its efficacy in ameliorating synovial inflammation of KOA.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the necessity of combined transverse upper gracilis flap and adductor magnus perforator flap in breast reconstruction.Methods:From December 2016 to February 2019, 16 female breast cancer patients, aged 27-59 years, with an average of 40.3 years, were treated in the Department of Oncoplastic Surgery, Hunan Cancer Hospital. The tumors were unilateral in 9 cases on the left side and 7 cases on the right side, with a diameter of 1.5-4.5 (2.9±0.3) cm, and all of them were stage I. Pathological diagnosis included 9 cases of invasive ductal carcinoma and 7 cases of invasive lobular carcinoma. After the modified radical mastectomy, the medial thigh perforator flap was used to reconstruct the breast. Patients were randomly divided into group A and group B. In group A, the gracilis myocutaneous flap combined with the adductor magnus perforator flap was elevated. In group B, the adductor magnus perforator flap with large size reaching the front edge of gracilis muscle was directly harvested. After all the flaps were harvested with only one major adductor perforator as vascular pedicle, ICG fluorescence imaging technology was used to verify the blood supply of the flaps.Results:Eight cases of gracilis myocutaneous flap combined with adductor magnus perforator flap and 8 cases of adductor magnus perforator flap were transplanted, The length, width and thickness of the flaps were (27.5±0.4) cm, (7.1±0.5) cm and (3.8±0.4) cm, (7.4±0.3) cm and (10.8±0.5) cm respectively. The average weight of the flap was 255 g (195 g-315 g). The mean ischemia time was 75 min (55-90 min). In 16 cases, the proximal and distal ends of internal mammary vessels were used as the recipient vessels. Only anastomosing the adductor magnus perforator vessels could ensure the reliable blood supply of the flap. All flaps survived successfully in one stage. The appearance of reconstructed breast was good and there was no obvious flap contracture and deformation. 16 cases were followed up for an average of 12.5 months, and the patients' self perception and appearance were satisfactory. Only hidden linear scar was left on the donor site of the medial thigh flap, and the function of hip joint and leg was not affected.Conclusions:Large size of medial thigh perforator flap pedicled with the perforator of adductor magnus can be safely and reliably cut with no needing additional harvest of gracilis muscle vascular pedicle.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of peer support education on family function of breast cancer patients with breast reconstruction.Methods:Totally 146 patients who received surgical treatment in the department of plastic surgery for breast cancer from June 2017 to June 2019 were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group by the method of random number table, 73 cases each. The control group received routine education. Patients in the observation group received regular education and peer support education. The intervention time was from admission to 6 months after discharge, and the control group received routine nursing care. Quality of life questionnaire was used to evaluate the quality of life of the patients at six months after operation, family care index questionnaire was used to evaluate the family function of the patients, and comprehend social support scale was used to evaluate the level of social support, then various indicators of the two groups of patients were compared.Results:6 months after operation, the scores of quality of life function and symptom dimension of the intervention group were 6.43±1.54. 5.83±1.47, while control group were 6.02±1.59; 6.39±1.63. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 4.30, 5.01, P < 0.05); family care scores of the two groups were compared, the intervention group was 8.78±2.04. The control group was 8.43±2.05. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t value was 2.02, P < 0.05); the comprehension support score of the two groups was compared, and that of the intervention group was 62.24±14.81. The control group was 55.74±13.58. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t value was 4.26, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Peer support education can improve the quality of life and family care of breast cancer patients with breast reconstruction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882919

ABSTRACT

Hyperlipidemia pancreatitis in children is mostly genetic metabolic disease.The incidence of acute pancreatitis in children is only (3-13)/100 000, and pancreatitis caused by hyperlipidemia accounts for 9% of acute pancreatitis.A child suffering from V-type hyperlipidemia pancreatitis was admitted to the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University in July 2019.The missense mutation at position c. 2770G>A of CFTR gene (nucleotide 2770 in coding region changed from guanine to adenine) in children was detected by gene sequencing, thus resulting in amino acid change p. D924N.It is extremely rare to report that CFTR gene mutation causes hereditary pancreatitis, and there is no literature report on c. 2770G>A site.This case is reported as follows, hoping to provide reference and inspiration for pediatricians.

19.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 260-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application value of different operation methods in the treatment of left hepatolithiasis in special position (the stone is located in the sagittal section of left portal vein and/or near the proximal end of left hepatic vein).Methods:From July 2015 to June 2018, 58 patients with left hepatolithiasis in special position in Department of General Surgery, the First People′s Hospital of Tianmen City of Hubei Province were analyzed retrospectively. According to the different operation methods, they were divided into two groups: left liver excision under laparoscopy and gallbladder incision stone group (left liver excision group, n=28) and laparoscopic left-half liver excision and bile tube excision stone removal group (left half liver excision group, n=30). The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postopera-tive hospital stay, postoperative biliary fistula, postoperative bleeding, postoperative stone residue and stone recurrence were compared between the two groups.The measurement data with normal distributions were represented as ( Mean± SD), and comparison between groups was done using the t test. The chi-square test and Fisher precision test were used for comparison between counting data. Results:All 58 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery. Left liver excision group surgery time, in-serum bleeding, number of days hospitalized after surgery, number of postoperative bile fistula cases, number of postoperative bleeding cases were (161.53±30.56) min, (203.45±26.69) mL, (9.26±3.3. 86) days, 1 case, 1 case, left half liver excision group (153.16±42.63) min, (198.79±30.82) mL, (9.59±4.01) days 1 case, 1 case, The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The number of postoperative stone residues was more than that of the left liver and outer leaf excision group (4 cases) than that of the left half of the liver excision group (1 case), and the number of postoperative stone recurrence cases was more than that of the latter (1 case), all of which were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The number of stone residues and stone recurrences after left liver excision group was 4 and 5 cases respectively, and the left half liver excision nurses were 1 case and 1 case, respectively, and the difference between the two was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For the left hepatolithiasis in special position (the stone is located in the sagittal section of the left branch of the portal vein and (or near the proximal end of the left hepatic vein in imaging), the lower abdominal left hemihepatectomy + choledocholithotomy is a safer and more effective treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock.Methods:Thirty-seven AMI patients received ECMO from March 2016 to October 2020 in Emergency Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Gensini score was used to evaluate the coronary lesion severity, vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) was used to assess the usage of vasoactive-inotropic drugs, and cumulative fluid balance (CFB) was used to calculate the fluid balance status, respectively. According to the infarct-related artery, positive/negative fluid balance, and survival/death outcome, the patients were divided into the negative and positive fluid balance groups, and the survival and death groups, respectively. The relationship between Gensini score, 24-hVIS, CFB and patient outcome was analyzed.Results:Thirty AMI-ECMO patients were enrolled, 12 patients survived and 18 died with a mortality rate of 60.0%, and 80.0% of the infarct-related artery were left main and proximal left anterior descending artery. The Gensini score was 77 (52, 120), 24-h VIS 50.0 (31.1, 80.4), daily fluid volume 28.7 (26.6, 34.4) mL/(kg·d), and CBF -1.8 (-9.7, 8.0) mL/kg. The mortality and 24-h VIS of the negative fluid balance group were significantly lower than those of the positive fluid balance group, and the Gensini score, 24-h VIS and CBF of the survival group were significantly lower than those of the death group.Conclusions:LM and pLAD are the most common infarct-related arteries in AMI-ECMO patients, the Gensini score and 24-h VIS have a certain prognostic value, and early negative fluid balance may improve the survival rate.

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