Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 218
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 688-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the lifespan of erythrocytes in megaloblastic anemia (MA) patients. Methods: A prospective cohort study analysis. Clinical data from 42 MA patients who were newly diagnosed at the Department of Hematology, Lanzhou University Second Hospital from January 2021 to August 2021 were analyzed, as were control data from 24 healthy volunteers acquired during the same period. The carbon monoxide breath test was used to measure erythrocyte lifespan, and correlations between erythrocyte lifespan and laboratory test indexes before and after treatment were calculated. Statistical analysis included the t-test and Pearson correlation. Results: The mean erythrocyte lifespan in the 42 newly diagnosed MA patients was (49.05±41.60) d, which was significantly shorter than that in the healthy control group [(104.13±42.62) d; t=5.13,P=0.001]. In a vitamin B12-deficient subset of MA patients the mean erythrocyte lifespan was (30.09±15.14) d, and in a folic acid-deficient subgroup it was (72.00±51.44) d, and the difference between these two MA subsets was significant (t=3.73, P=0.001). The mean erythrocyte lifespan after MA treatment was (101.28±33.02) d, which differed significantly from that before MA treatment (t=4.72, P=0.001). In MA patients erythrocyte lifespan was positively correlated with hemoglobin concentration (r=0.373), and negatively correlated with total bilirubin level (r=-0.425), indirect bilirubin level (r=-0.431), and lactate dehydrogenase level (r=-0.504) (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Erythrocyte lifespan was shortened in MA patients, and there was a significant difference between a vitamin B12-deficient group and a folic acid-deficient group. After treatment the erythrocyte lifespan can return to normal. Erythrocyte lifespan is expected to become an informative index for the diagnosis and treatment of MA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Longevity , Clinical Relevance , Prospective Studies , Erythrocytes , Anemia, Megaloblastic , Folic Acid , Bilirubin , Vitamins
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urinary virology and clinical characteristics of female overactive bladder (OAB) patients.Methods:Catheterized urine samples were collected from 55 women with OAB and 18 control individuals between January 2021 and August 2021. Inclusion criteria were: female with age>18, diagnosed as OAB, OABSS total score≥3 and item Urgency score≥2, informed consent signed. Exclusion criteria were: Urine culture positive, urinary catheter indwelling status, antibiotic usage in recent 30 days, other disease leading to OAB-like symptoms, pelvic organ prolapse and current pregnancy, immunosuppressive therapy or status. Clinical characteristic and history were collected. OAB symptoms were assessed via both OABSS (overactive bladder symptom score) and OAB-V8 (8-item overactive bladder questionnaire). The urine specimens were analyzed using mNGS for identifying viral infections. The correlation between the disease and JC virus infection was analyzed by t test, chi-square test, binary logistic regression analysis and Spearman correlation matrix, and the Nomogram map for predicting the risk of viral infection was constructed. Results:In total, 55 women with OAB and 18 healthy controls were recruited in the study. There are significant difference in terms of UTI history, pelvic surgery history and the habit of holding urine [60.0%(n=33)to 16.7%(n=3), P=0.002; 43.6%(n=24)to 0.0%(n=0), P<0.01; 36.4%( n=20)to 5.6%( n=1), P=0.015]. Based on mNGS results, OAB patients were identified with more positive viral infection [47.3%(n=26)to 33.3%(n=6)] and more JC virus infection. In the OAB group, subtype 7B of JCV ( n=8) was identified, while in the control group, subtype 7A(n=2) was identified. Pairwise Spearman correlation analysis indicated high correlations between viral infection and OABSS ( r=0.58), age and pausimenia ( r=0.68), hypertension and age ( r=0.53), respectively. Estimates from binary logistic regression model indicated risk factors for virus infection in OAB patients including age ( OR=1.99, 95% CI 0.02-2.61), holding urine habit( OR=2.16, 95% CI 0.18-3.85) and pelvic surgery ( OR=2.53, 95% CI 0.54-4.27). Conclusions:Urinary viral infections appear to be associated with more severe OAB symptoms and JC virus may be a potential therapeutic target for OAB.

3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 531-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and imaging features of population receiving opportunistic screening for lung cancer and in convalescent stage of COVID-19.Methods:Cross-sectional study and analysis was performed on the patients who underwent chest low-dose CT examination for cancer prevention in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 28, 2022 to January 19, 2023. All the patients completed the COVID-19 questionnaire. A total of 334 questionnaires were sent out, all of which were recovered, and 321 valid questionnaires were collected, among them, 293 questionnaires were included in the analysis. Statistical analysis was conducted according to the questionnaire information, clinical symptoms and chest CT imaging results. The potential influencing factors of COVID-19 infection were explored, and the imaging characteristics of COVID-19 infection and early stage of lung cancer were compared.Results:A total of 293 patients underwent lung cancer screening during the convalescent stage of COVID-19 infection. A total of 231 (78.8%) cases had cough and 228 (77.8%) cases had fever. 214 (73.0%) cases still had clinical symptoms within 2 weeks after nucleic acid or antigen test showing negative, especially for cough in 171 (58.4%) cases, fatigue in 79 (25.3%) cases and sputum in 73 (24.9%) cases. There were 54 (18.4%) cases with positive chest CT changes. The main imaging findings showed that there were 46 cases with new patchy shadows, 25 cases with linear opacities, 10 cases with ground-glass opacities, 10 cases with nodular like shadows and 2 cases with consolidation, and most lesions were in the subpleural area of both lungs. Univariate analysis showed that positive CT findings were correlated with the time from positive detection of COVID-19 to screening ( P=0.026), age ( P<0.001) and underlying diseases ( P=0.006). Multivariate analysis showed that age≥65 years old ( OR=6.425, 95% CI: 2.688-15.358; P<0.001) and underlying diseases ( OR=2.292, 95% CI: 1.120-4.691; P=0.023) were risk factors for pulmonary imaging changes of COVID-19 infection. For lung cancer opportunistic screening, 36 (12.3%) cases showed ground-glass opacities in bilateral or unilateral lung lobes, among which 4 cases were suspected to be atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and 2 cases s were suspected to be early stage of lung cancer. Conclusions:Abnormal clinical symptoms and chest CT findings are still observed in the patients during the convalescent stage of COVID-19 infection. Age≥65 years, underlying diseases were the high-risk factors for the changes in chest CT imaging after COVID-19 infection. Attention should be paid to the differential diagnosis of chest CT findings between changes in the convalescent stage of COVID-19 and early stage of lung cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 258-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference in left ventricular dysfunction between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with hyperlipidemia and those without hyperlipidemia, and analyze the application value of three-dimensional speckle tracking technology.Methods:The clinical data of 70 patients with T2DM admitted to Heji Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College from January 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 35 patients had hyperlipidemia and 35 patients had no hyperlipidemia. At the same time, 40 healthy subjects who concurrently underwent health checkups in the same hospital were included as healthy controls. All subjects underwent routine cardiac ultrasound and 3D-STE examinations. General clinical information and left ventricular function-related parameters, including global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, global area strain, and global radial strain were compared between healthy controls and T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia and those without hyperlipidemia.Results:The proportion of left ventricular remodeling increased in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of left ventricular hypertrophy was the highest in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia. Global longitudinal strain and global circumferential strain in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia were (-16.97 ± 2.59)% and (-17.41 ± 2.50)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (-18.86 ± 2.46)% and (-18.71 ± 2.92)% in healthy controls ( t = 0.95, 0.57, both P < 0.05). Global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, and global area strain in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia were (-14.98 ± 3.15)%, (-15.80 ± 3.16)%, (-27.17 ± 4.54)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (-18.86 ± 2.46)%, (-18.71 ± 2.92)%, (-30.62 ± 4.02)% in healthy controls ( t = 0.46, 1.37, 0.98, all P < 0.05) and (-16.97 ± 2.59)%, (-17.41 ± 2.50)%, (-30.06 ± 3.59)% in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia ( t = 0.37, 1.02, 0.77, all P < 0.05). Global radial strain in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia was significantly higher than [(51.49 ± 8.94)%, t = 1.35, P < 0.05] in healthy controls and [(47.71± 8.46)%, t = 0.98, P < 0.05] in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia. In patients with T2DM, fasting blood glucose and hyperlipidemia were independently correlated with all strain-related parameters. Conclusion:Hyperlipidemia can aggravate left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in patients with T2DM and 3D-STE is one of the examination methods for subclinical left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in T2DM patients with or without hyperlipidemia.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 533-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the awareness status of risk factors for gastric cancer and related factors among residents in Shijiazhuang city.Methods:From October to November 2020, residents aged>18 years were selected through convenience sampling from Xinhua District and Yuhua District in Shijiazhuang for a face-to-face questionnaire survey. The demographic characteristics and awareness levels of risk factors for gastric cancer among 1 490 subjects were analyzed. The multivariate linear regression model was applied to analyze the related factors.Results:There were 522 male participants (35.0%) and 968 female participants (65.0%). The mean knowledge score of risk factors of gastric carcinoma in the respondents was 5.0 (1.0, 11.0). There were 57.0% (849/1 490) of the participants who had a low knowledge level about risk factors of gastric cancer. The more highly recognized risk factors were irregular diet (47.4%, 706/1 490), consumption of pickled foods (45.2%, 674/1 490), consumption of smoked foods (45.0%, 671/1 490); the less-recognized risk factors included physical inactivity (14.8%, 221/1 490), male sex (17.3%, 258/1 490) and older age (19.5%, 291/1 490). Only 26.8% (400/1490) of the participants regarded H. pylori infection as a risk factor of gastric cancer. Univariate analysis showed that educational level ( Z=39.34), marital status ( Z=53.31), monthly income ( Z=11.82), family member or friend ever having stomach problem ( H=-2.98), and family history of gastric cancer ( H=-2.34) were significantly associated with the knowledge score of risk factors for gastric cancer ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that compared to participants with educational levels of primary school or below, those with educational level of junior high school ( β=0.27, P<0.001), high school ( β=0.23, P<0.001), or college ( β=0.16, P<0.001) had a higher levels of knowledge of risk factors for gastric cancer; compared to unmarried participants, awareness of risk factors was significantly better in those who were married ( β=0.16, P<0.001), divorced ( β=0.05, P=0.039), or widowed ( β=0.06, P=0.027); compared to participants with monthly income<3 000 yuan, the subjects with monthly income from 5 000 to 10 000 yuan ( β=0.07, P=0.020) had a higher knowledge score; compared to participants with no family history of gastric cancer, subjects with family history had higher knowledge level of risk factors for gastric cancer ( β=0.06, P=0.029). Conclusion:The knowledge levels of risk factors for gastric cancer are generally low among residents in Shijiazhuang city. Educational initiatives are required to improve the awareness of risk factors for gastric cancer, and interventions need to be implemented concurrently to change unhealthy behaviors among residents in Shijiazhuang city.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 495-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of introducing 68Ga PSMA PET / CT into the prostate cancer(PCa)screening clinic, and to analyze the incidence rate and biopsy of PCa in the screening clinic of our hospital. Methods:The data of the people who participated in PCa screening in the urology screening clinic of our hospital from March 2021 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Serum PSA was used as the screening index. The subjects with PSA≥4ng/ml were first examined by mpMRI to find suspicious nodules, and the positive ones were further examined by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to determine the lesions.The puncture target was outlined, and systematic+ targeted puncture was conducted under ultrasound guidance. The age, PSA distribution, puncture detection rate, Gleason score and clinical stage of patients with PCa were recorded. Results:A total of 1 079 subjects were included in the screening, with an average age of (63.9±9.9)(ranging 40-92) years old, and 249 patients (23.1%, 249/1 079) with PSA≥4ng/ml. Among them, 87 cases (87/249, 34.9%) received mpMRI, and 34 cases (34/249, 13.7%) had PI-RADS score ≥3 points. These 34 patients with suspected nodules on MRI were further scanned with 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, and 11 cases (11/249, 4.4%) had abnormal uptake of PSMA nuclide. A total of 32 patients (12 patients with PSA abnormalities and 20 patients with positive imaging) finally received prostate biopsy, and 11 patients were diagnosed with PCa, with a positive detection rate of 34.4% (11/32), accounting for 1.0% (11/1 079) of the screening population. Among them, 20 patients with positive imaging (9 patients with only mpMRI positive and 11 patients with both mpMRI and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT positive) underwent system + targeted fusion biopsy, and the positive rate was 45% (9/20). 12 patients (only PSA abnormal) underwent routine systematic puncture biopsy, and the positive detection rate was 16.7% (2/12). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among the patients with confirmed PCa, 27.3% (3/11) had Gleason score less than 7, and 72.7% (8/11) had Gleason score≥7. Localized PCa (≤T 2) accounted for 45.4% (5/11), local progression (T 3-T 4) accounted for 18.2% (2/11), and metastatic PCa suggested by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT accounted for 36.4% (4/11), including 3 systemic multiple bone metastases and one bone metastasis with distant lymph node metastasis. Clinically significant PCa accounted for 90.9% (10/11) of the confirmed patients, and the proportion of high-risk patients in localized or locally advanced PCa was 71.4% (5/7). Conclusions:In PCa screening, if 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT is introduced on the basis of conventional mpMRI, the detection rate of clinically meaningful PCa can be improved. Combined with targeted puncture, tumor lesions can be found early and the screening efficiency of PCa can be improved. In this study, the detection rate of PCa in outpatient screening reached 1.0%. In confirmed cases, the proportion of high-risk patients and metastatic patients was higher.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E699-E705, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961788

ABSTRACT

Objective To study von Willebrand factor(VWF) damage based on a novel Maglev Taylor-Couette blood-shearing device. Methods The magnetic levitation (maglev) Taylor-Couette blood-shearing device was designed, and the blood-shearing platform was built. Fresh porcine blood was tested in circulation loop for 1 hour at laminar flow state. VWF damage was assessed by analyzing sample through Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results With the increase of exposure time and shear stress, a large number of high molecular weight VWF multimers were degraded into low molecular weight VWF. The maximum rate of degradation was 569%. When the shear stress increased from 18 Pa to 55 Pa, the ratio of VWF-Rco to VWF-Ag decreased from 45.7% to 32.8%. ConclusionsCompared with initial sample, the VWF damage was mainly manifested by the decrease of high molecular weight VWF and the decrease of VWF activity, and VWF-Ag did not change significantly. The novel maglev Taylor-Couette blood-shearing device can quantitatively control the flow parameters (exposure time and shear stress), and be used for blood damage research in vitro, thus providing references for the design and optimization of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and blood pump.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 324-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of different surgical procedures of Mayo level Ⅳ inferior vena cava tumor thrombus(IVC-TT).Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 36 patients with Mayo level Ⅳ tumor thrombus were collected in three large clinical centers in China, including 18 cases in PLA General Hospital, 7 cases in Nanfang Hospital, and 11 cases in Renji Hospital. There were 25 males and 11 females.The median age was 56.5 years (53-67 years old). The average body mass index was 24.18±2.55 kg/m 2. The average diameter of renal tumors was 8.24±3.25 cm. The average length of inferior vena cava tumor thrombus was 12.89±2.50 cm. Mayo level Ⅳ tumor thrombus were divided into level Ⅳa and level Ⅳb (301 classification) based on the criterion of whether the proximal end of the thrombus has invaded the right atrium. Among them, level Ⅳa patients underwent robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy without cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB-free group, 6 cases). Level Ⅳb patients underwent robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB group, 12 cases) or cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy(CPB/DHCA group, 18 cases). The baseline data of the three groups of patients were comparable. The perioperative results and long-term survival data after surgery were compared with different surgical methods for grade Ⅳcancer thrombosis. Results:All operations were successfully completed. Compared with the CPB group, the CPB-free group had a shorter first portal blocking time[17.5(15-36)min vs. 36.5(12-102)min, P=0.044], less intraoperative bleeding [2 350(1 000-3 000)ml vs. 3 500 (1 500-12 000)ml, P=0.043] and a lower allogeneic blood transfusion [1 250(500-2 000)ml vs. 2 185(700-5 800)ml, P=0.049]. Compared with the CPB/DHCA group, the CPB-free group had an advantage in reducing intraoperative allogeneic blood transfusion [1 250(500-2 000)ml vs. 2 700(1 200-10 000)ml, P=0.003]. There were no significant differences between groups in terms of duration of surgery and postoperative hospital stay. Among the 36 patients in this group, 23(64%) developed major complications (level Ⅲ or above), including 9 (25%) grade Ⅲ, 12 (33%) grade Ⅳ, and 2 (6%) grade Ⅴ. The CPB-free group had a relatively low complication rate of grade Ⅳ or above [ 17% (1/6) vs.42% (5/12) vs.44% (8/18)]. There were no statistical differences in median progression-free survival (16.4 vs.12.3 vs.18.0 months, P=0.695) and overall survival (30.1 vs.30.2 vs.37.7 months, P=0.674) between the groups. Conclusions:Robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy without cardiopulmonary bypass has the advantages of short ischemia time of organs, less intraoperative bleeding, and low incidence of major complications, which can be used as a safe and feasible surgical strategy for selected level Ⅳ tumor thrombus.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 35-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.Methods:The clinical data of 558 radical prostatectomy patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age was 67.9 (40-87) years old, and the average body mass index was 24.56 (15.12-35.94) kg/m 2. The average PSA was 41.07 ng/ml, including 48 cases<10 ng/ml, 98 cases 10-20 ng/ml, and 412 cases>20 ng/ml. There were 123, 214, 118, 89, and 14 cases with biopsy Gleason 6-10 score, respectively. The clinical stage : 90 cases in ≤T 2b, 273 cases in T 2c, and 195 cases in ≥T 3 . 558 cases underwent radical prostatectomy, including 528 robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery, 25 laparoscopic surgery, and 5 open-surgery. The risk factors for postoperative biochemical recurrence were analyzed by Cox regression. Results:A total of 63 patients had postoperative pathological stage pT 2a, 32 patients had pT 2b, 241 patients had pT 2c, and 222 patients had ≥pT 3. A total of 210 cases developed biochemical recurrence after surgery, and the mean time to biochemical recurrence was 33.3 (3-127) months after the radical prostatectomy. The biochemical recurrence rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 9.7% (54/558), 21.5% (120/558), and 31.7% (177/558), respectively. Among pT 2a and pT 2b patients, 7 (11.1%) and 4 (12.5%) cases developed biochemical recurrence, respectively. Among pT 2c stage patients, 145 (60.17%) cases had positive cut margins, treated with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) after surgery. 68 (28.21%) cases of pT 2c stage patients had biochemical recurrence at mean 36.1 (3-106)months after the radical prostatectomy. Among ≥pT 3 patients, 147 patients with positive margins, perineural invasion, seminal vesicle invasion and positive pelvic lymph nodes were treated with postoperative androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) + radiotherapy. 98 of 147 patients (66.67%) had biochemical recurrence, and the average time to biochemical recurrence was 30.6 (24-98) months.75 patients of ≥pT 3 without positive margins, perineural invasion, seminal vesicle invasion or positive pelvic lymph nodes, were treated with postoperative ADT. 33 of them (44%) had biochemical recurrence, and the average time to biochemical recurrence was 32.5 (21-106) months. 5-and 10-year survival rates of 210 patients with biochemical recurrence were 89.05% (187/210) and 78.09% (164/210) respectively, 5- and 10-year tumor-specific survival rates were 92.57% and 87.69%, respectively. 46 of 210 cases died, of which 31 (67.39%) died from prostate cancer, and 15 cases (32.61%) died from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that patient's age ≥70 years, initial PSA > 20ng/ml, ≥pT 3 and Gleason score ≥7 were independent risk factors for biochemical recurrence. Conclusions:After radical prostatectomy, patients were treated according to their pathological stage and surgical margins. Patients with positive margins have a higher risk of biochemical recurrence. The independent risk factors for biochemical recurrence included age ≥70 years, initial PSA > 20ng/ml, ≥pT 3 and Gleason score ≥7.

10.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E105-E111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920676

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the establishment of collateral circulation caused by iliac vein compression syndrom(IVCS) and the deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Methods Different types of ideal collateral circulation models and IVCS patient-specific models were numerically simulated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in combination with the blood stasis model. The relationship between blood retention and collateral types and cross-sectional area was studied, and the relationship with thrombosis was explored. Results Wall shear stress (WSS) at the distal end part of each ideal model was 0.3 Pa. After four cardiac cycles, the residual blood stayed at the stenosis and the distal end part for the lumbar ascending and pelvic type models, the old blood volume fraction (OBVF) varied with collateral cross-sectional areas, ranging from 5%-90% and 70%-80%, respectively. The OBVF of the coexistence model was above 80%. The WSS at the distal end part of the patient-specific model was 0.9 Pa, and the OBVF at the distal end part was 51.5%. Conclusions The stenosis and the distal end part are most prone to blood stasis, and closely related with DVT. The larger the collateral cross-sectional area, the more serious the blood stagnation. Blood stagnation of the coexistence model is higher compared with the model with lumbar ascending type and pelvic type.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 254-261, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940476

ABSTRACT

Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecological disease in clinic, with primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is usually not accompanied by organic lesions in genital organs, which is mainly related to the increase of prostaglandin content in endometrium during menstruation. Secondary dysmenorrhea is accompanied by organic lesions of reproductive organs, often associated with local lesions of reproductive organs, but also with patients' mental factors and neuroendocrine factors.The incidence of dysmenorrhea is as high as 73.8%, and there is no radical cure method, which has a great impact on the life, work and learning of patients. Chinese medicine essential oil widely exists in aromatic Chinese medicine, with antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer activities. It can regulate neuroendocrine function, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and improve mood by regulating the levels of prostaglandins, oxytocin and other hormones in the body and regulating the emotions of patients, there by alleviating dysmenorrhea to a certain extent. In recent years, many scholars have made more in-depth research on Chinese medicine essential oil in alleviating dysmenorrhea, but there is a lack of comprehensive collation of such studies. In this regard, the author has systematically sorted out the generation and classification of dysmenorrhea, the mechanism of action of essential oil of traditional Chinese medicine to alleviate dysmenorrhea and the application of essential oil of traditional Chinese medicine in the field of dysmenorrhea by consulting relevant literature in Chinese and foreign languages in recent years, so as to provide reference for the treatment of dysmenorrhea.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 481-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936035

ABSTRACT

The accurate diagnosis of burn wound depth is particularly important for evaluating the disease prognosis of burn patients. In the past, the diagnosis of burn wound depth often relied on the subjective judgment of doctors. With the continuous development of diagnostic technology, the methods for judging the depth of burn wound have also been updated. This paper mainly summarizes the research progress in the applications of indocyanine green angiography, laser Doppler imaging, laser speckle contrast imaging, and artificial intelligence in the diagnosis of burn wound depth, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of these techniques, so as to provide ideas for accurate diagnosis of burn wound depth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Artificial Intelligence , Burns/diagnosis , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry/methods , Skin , Wound Healing
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 54-58, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tibial coronal curvature on the alignment of tibial prosthesis in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From July 2019 to April 2021, 100 patients with knee osteoarthritis were treated with total knee arthroplasty. Before operation, the full-length films of lower limbs were taken and the tibial bowing angle(TBA) was measured. TBA more than 2° was tibial bending, which was divided into tibial bending group and non bending group. There were 40 cases in tibial bending group, 9 males and 31 females, aged 56 to 84 years old with an average of (69.22±7.10) years. There were 60 cases in the non bending group, 19 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 87 years old with an average of (70.80±7.21) years. The preoperative tibial length (TL) and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) were measured and compared between the two groups. The full-length X-rays of the lower limbs were taken again 3 days to 1 week after operation. The medial angle of the tibial component coronal aligement angle (TCCA) and the outilier rate of force line of the tibial prosthesis were measured and compared between the two groups. Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and age, TCCA and height, TCCA and weight, TCCA and BMI, TCCA and TBA, TCCA and TL, TCCA and MPTA; Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and gender, TCCA and Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) grade.@*RESULTS@#All 100 patients successfully completed the operation and obtained satisfactory full-length X-rays in standing position. There was no significant difference in TL, MPTA and TCCA between bending group and non bending group(P>0.05). The outilier rate of force line in tibial bending group was 22.5%, and that in non bending group was 6.67%, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). The correlation study found that TCCA was strongly correlated with TBA(r=-0.702, P<0.01), weakly correlated with MPTA(r=0.311, P<0.01), and had no correlation with other parameters(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty, tibial bending will lead to poor force line of tibial prosthesis. During operation, attention should be paid to osteotomy of proximal tibial vertical tibial mechanical axis and correct installation of prosthesis to avoid poor alignment of prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis/adverse effects , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 443-451, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the differential expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) in myocardial tissues of rats with sudden coronary death (SCD), and to provide ideas for the forensic identification of SCD.@*METHODS@#The rat SCD model was established, and the transcriptome sequencing was performed by next-generation sequencing technology. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in myocardial tissues of SCD rats were screened by using the R package limma. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by using the STRING database and Cytoscape 3.8.2 on DEG, and hub genes were screened based on cytoHubba plug-in. Finally, the R package clusterProfiler was used to analyze the biological function and signal pathway enrichment of the selected DEG.@*RESULTS@#A total of 177 DEGs were associated with SCD and were mainly involved in the renin-angiotensin system and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. The genes including angiotensinogen (AGT), complement component 4a (C4a), Fos proto-oncogene (FOS) and others played key roles in the development of SCD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Genes such as AGT, C4a, FOS and other genes are expected to be potential biomarkers for forensic identification of SCD. The study based on mRNA expression profile can provide a reference for forensic identification of SCD.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , Gene Expression Profiling , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Biomarkers
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 343-349, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the mRNA differential expressions and the sequential change pattern in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) mice.@*METHODS@#The AMI mice relevant dataset GSE4648 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). In the dataset, 6 left ventricular myocardial tissue samples were selected at 0.25, 1, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after operation in AMI group and sham control group, and 6 left ventricular myocardial tissue samples were selected in blank control group, a total of 78 samples were analyzed. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by R/Bioconductor package limma, functional pathway enrichment analysis was performed by clusterProfiler, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING database and Cytoscape software, the key genes were identified by Degree topological algorithm, cluster sequential changes on DEGs were analyzed by Mfuzz.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 320 DEGs were associated with the development of AMI. Functional enrichment results included cellular catabolic process, regulation of inflammatory response, development of muscle system and vasculature system, cell adhesion and signaling pathways mainly enriched in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. The key genes of AMI included MYL7, TSC22D2, HSPA1A, BTG2, NR4A1, RYR2 were up-regulated or down-regulated at 0.25-48 h after the occurrence of AMI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The functional signaling pathway of DEGs and the sequential expression of key genes in AMI may provide a reference for the forensic identification of AMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Computational Biology/methods , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/metabolism , Transcriptome
16.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 423-433, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914652

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Sheep-induced pluripotent stem cells (siPSCs) have low reprogramming efficiency, thereby hampering their use in biotechnology and agriculture. Several studies have shown that some microRNAs play an important role in promoting somatic reprogramming in mouse and human. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-200c-141 on somatic reprogramming in sheep and explored the mechanism of promoting the reprogramming. @*Methods@#and Results: The lentivirus system driven by tetracycline (TET)-on carrying Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, Klf4, Nanog, Lin28, hTERT, and SV40LT (OSKMNLST) could reprogram sheep kidney cells into pluripotent cells. Overexpression of miR-200c-141 in combination with OSKMNLST could significantly improve the efficiency of sheep iPSC generation (p<0.01). Sheep iPSCs derived from miR-200c-141 showed embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like pluripotent properties, were positive for alkaline phosphatase and some pluripotent markers by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence, and were able to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Oar-miR-200c was transfected into HEK293FT cells and was able to target the zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) 3’UTR using dual luciferase reporting analysis. Overexpression of oar-miR-200c in SKCs significantly reduced the expression of ZEB1, but increased the expression of E-cadherin by qRT-PCR and western blotting analysis. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that miR-200c-141 can promote the reprogramming of sheep somatic cells to iPSCs, and oar-miR-200c targeted ZEB1 3’UTR, significantly decreased expression of ZEB1, and increased expression of E-cadherin. Oar-miR-200c may improve the MET process by affecting the TGF-β signaling pathway, thus improving the efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming in sheep.

17.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 703-708, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for plasma caffeine concentration detection, and to explore the clinical value of caffeine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in the treatment of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Method:Take the plasma sample in a centrifuge tube, add the caffeine deuterated isotope internal standard, then add the protein precipitant, vortex the mixture thoroughly, and centrifuge the supernatant to enter the mass spectrometry analysis. The mobile phase were methanol and water, gradient elution; the column temperature was 45 ℃, the method was established using Shimadzu LC-30AD-CL liquid system and AB SCIEX 4500 QTRAP mass spectrometer, and the sensitivity, specificity, linearity, accuracy imprecision, matrix effect, and carry-over of the method were evaluated. Sample from 30 patients diagnosed with neonatal RSD were collected in the Department of Neonatology of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February to April 2021, then detected the trough concentration of caffeine in premature infants with RDS after taking the same dose of caffeine to assess the impact of individual variation on caffeine drug concentration.Results:The detection limit of caffeine was 0.02 μg/ml, and the lowest limit of quantification was 0.05 μg/ml. It showed good linearity ( R2=0.9986, R>0.99) in the concentration range from 1.0 to 100.0 μg/ml, specificity (recovery rate of 85.52%-114.12%), accuracy (recovery rate 85.97%-114.53%), intra-day and inter-day imprecision ( CV 6.01%-11.28%), matrix effects and carryover pollution were negligible. The trough concentration of 30 preterm infants with RSD after taking the same dose of caffeine (10 mg/kg) was (25.45±11.61) μg/ml, and the coefficient of variation was 44.88%. Conclusion:This study established an accurate and reliable UPLC-MS/MS method with low sample consumption to monitor the blood concentration of caffeine; caffeine TDM has certain clinical application value, which can be used to assist RDS diagnosis and treatment and improve the efficacy of caffeine.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 67-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911179

ABSTRACT

Hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis is a difficulty in clinical diagnosis and treatment. We treated a patient with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis and managed it under the multi-disciplinary treatment model (MDT). A 55-year-old man presented to the hospital complaining of increased prostate-specific antigen (PSA) found in the physical examination for 2 days. At admission, the PSA was 389.2ng/ml, and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed metastatic malignant lesions of the prostate, with lymph node metastasis, lumbar vertebral metastases and liver tubercles. Transrectal prostate puncture biopsy: prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason score of 4+ 5=9. The patient has no history of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and diagnosed as metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Then the patient received total androgen blockade therapy (CAB regimen). After MDT discussion, metastatic prostate cancer was diagnosed based on the liver histopathology of percutaneous biopsy. After the second MDT discussion, the regimen was changed to abirone plus ADT. After 6 months, the blood PSA was controlled at a level between 0.003 to 0.006 ng/ml, and the testosterone was less than 2.5ng/dl. Re-examination of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed that lower signal of radionuclide in all lesions, especially no more abnormal uptake lesions were identified in the liver.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 63-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911178

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristic of one patient with metastatic prostate cancer and the relative literatures were reviewed. A 40-year-old man was admitted and diagnosed as prostate cancer on March 20, 2018(T 4N 1M 1a) with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 47.99 ng/ml. The first 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed multiple nodular lesions in the bilateral peripheral bands of the prostate, multiple nodular lesions in the right apex, abnormal uptake of nuclides in multiple lymph nodes in the abdominal aortic wandering zone, the abdominal aortic bifurcation zone, and the bilateral iliac artery wandering zone at the level of the lumbar 2-5 vertebral body, and metastasis was considered. The patient was treated with six cycles of drug castration combined with antiandrogenic treatment and pre-operative system chemotherapy(docetaxel). Six months later, the PSA decreased to 0.225ng/ml. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and expanded pelvic lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative total androgen blocking therapy was maintained, and PSA slowly increased. Ten months after operation, salvage radiotherapy for enlarged lymph nodes was performed in pelvic extension field, prostate tumor bed area and pelvic cavity. PSA remained stable for 7 months postradiotherapy, and then increased. The patient developed castration-resistant prostate cancer and was treated with triptorelin combined with abiraterone. PSA was decreased, and local radiotherapy was performed for new lymph node metastases in the neck. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could provide a decision-making basis for accurate clinical staging, therapeutic effect evaluation and distant metastatic lesions location with guiding value for the formulation of individualized treatment plans.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 706-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination on the guidance of surgical strategies for high-risk prostate cancer patients and the influence of positive surgical margins after surgery. Methods:The clinical data of 118 patients with high-risk prostate cancer who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy from June 2019 to December 2020 in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University was retrospectively analyzed. 47 patients received 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination before surgery (study group), and 71 cases without 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination before operation ( control group). There was no statistically significant difference in the age [69 (63, 76) vs. 67 (64, 74) years], PSA [PSA≤20ng/ml: 9.91 (6.00, 13.67) vs. 11.64 (8.15, 15.44) ng/ ml, PSA> 20ng/ml: 66.53 (53.66, 195.30) vs. 63.18 (30.08, 148.05) ng/ml], preoperative clinical staging (T 2/≥T 3: 21/26 cases vs. 34/37 cases), and Gleason score [8 (7, 9) vs. 8 (7, 9) points] (all P>0.05) between study group and control group. Both groups underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The surgical plan was based on the PSMA PET/CT and MRI results in study group and control group respectively. First, ensure that all tumors are removed, and secondly, preserve the patient's urethral length as much as possible to ensure postoperative urinary control.If there is seminal vesicle invasion, expand the scope of resection as needed. If lymph node metastasis is shown, lymph node dissection is performed. For those with negative lymph nodes in imaging studies, if enlarged lymph nodes are found during the operation, lymph node dissection is also performed. After the operation, the perioperative results and surgical margins of the two groups were compared, and the correlation between the PSA value and the SUVmax value of prostate cancer tissue was analyzed. Results:The operations of the two groups were successfully completed, and there was no transfer to open surgery. The operation time of the study group was shorter than that of the control group [175 (155, 205) min vs. 205 (155, 235) min, P=0.003], and the positive rate of resection margin was significantly lower than that of the control group [23.40% (11/47) vs. 45.07%(32/71), P=0.017]. For patients with pathological stage ≥pT 3, the positive rate of surgical margins in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group [30.77%(8/26) vs. 62.16%(23/37), P=0.014]. In the study group, 11 cases of PSMA-PET showed positive lymph nodes before operation, 10 cases were pathologically positive after operation (90.91%). PSMA-PET showed negative lymph nodes in 1 case, which was pathologically positive after operation. In the control group, 26 cases underwent lymph node dissection, and 16 cases (61.54%) were pathologically positive after operation. The preoperative PSA value of 47 cases in the study group was positively correlated with the SUVmax value of prostate cancer tissue ( r=0.579, P<0.01). Conclusions:Preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT for high-risk prostate cancer patients can guide the surgeon to optimize the surgical plan, reduce the positive rate of resection margins, and effectively remove the metastatic lymph nodes, which will benefit the patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL