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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 366-371, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical features in Gitelman syndrome (GS) patients with different urinary calcium excretion, and investigate the value of urinary calcium excretion in the clinical classification for GS.Methods:GS cases from the National Rare Diseases Registry System of China (NRSC) (2016-2018) with SLC12A3 gene screened in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected. The features of urinary calcium excretion were analyzed, and the phenotypes of patients with hypocalciuria were compared to those without. Hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) test was performed according to the standard process, and the maximal increment of chloride excretion fraction (ΔFECl) was calculated. Results:A total of 83 GS patients were included, among whom 53 (63.86%) patients had hypocalciuria. The ratio of urinary calcium/creatine was significantly lower in patients with hypocalciuria compared to those without [(0.085±0.058) mmol/mmol vs (0.471±0.284) mmol/mmol, t=7.349, P<0.001]. Age, gender, estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure, serum and urinary electrolytes, and alkalosis were all comparable between groups. Fatigue ( χ2=4.595, P=0.032) and polyuria ( χ2=5.778, P=0.016) were less frequently reported in hypocalciuria patients, while all the other clinical symptoms were comparable. Sixteen patients in each group underwent HCT test, and the median value of ΔFECl was comparable between patients with and without hypocalciuria [0.539%(0.430%, 1.283%) vs 0.829% (0.119%,1.298%), U=130.000, P=0.956], both of which indicated no response to HCT. Conclusions:The proportion of low urinary calcium in GS patients is 63.86%. There is no definite relationship between urinary calcium excretion, phenotype and the extent of NCC dysfunction.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843140

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in predicting the efficacy of foam sclerotherapy and selecting sclerosants for endovascular sclerosis of venous malformations. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted for 56 patients with venous malformations who underwent intravascular sclerotherapy and DCE-MRI examination from January 2018 to June 2019 in Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. All the patients were firstly treated with foam sclerotherapy. During the surgery, the surgeons determined whether to subsequently use ethanol, depending on the immediate therapeutic effect of foam sclerotherapy. Among them the 40 cases were treated with foam sclerotherapy only (foam sclerotherapy group) and the other 16 cases (ethanol group) with subsequent ethanol. The basic characteristics and DCE-MRI parameters of the two groups were compared. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of selecting different sclerosing agents, and the receiver operator characteristic curve was applied to assess the efficacy of these risk factors. Results: There were no significant differences in the gender, age, lesion location, pre-treatment volume and presence or absence of phleboliths between foam sclerotherapy group and ethanol group. The lesion classification, maximum intensity time ratio (MITR) and peak enhancement percentage showed significant differences between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the lesion classification and MITR were two independent factors for the selection of sclerosing agents. The area under curve (AUC) of MITR was 0.947, while the AUC of lesion classification was 0.844. After the combination of these two parameters, the AUC was 0.969 with the sensitivity of 93.8% and the specificity of 90.0%. Conclusion: DCE-MRI can be helpful for clinical selection of appropriate sclerosing agents to improve the effectiveness of venous malformations treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with donepezil hydrochloride and donepezil hydrochloride alone on improving learning-memory ability in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients of AD were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with EA at governor vessel (GV) combined with donepezil hydrochloride. EA was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and Fengfu (GV 16) with dilatational wave (10 Hz/50 Hz of frequency, 0.5 to 5.0 mA of intensity), and the needles were kept for 40 min, EA was given once a day; the donepezil hydrochloride tablet was taken orally, 5 mg, once a day, and after 4 weeks the dosage might be increased to 10 mg per day according to the specific situation. All the treatment was given for 8 weeks. The patients in the control group were only treated with donepezil hydrochloride with the identical procedure as the observation group. The Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and Alzheimer's disease assessment scale cognitive part (ADAS-Cog) were evaluated before and after treatment; P300 (latency and amplitude of N2 and P3) was detected by EEG/ERP system brain event related potential instrument, and amyloid precursor protein (APP) and β-amyloid protein 1-42 (Aβ) were detected by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the MoCA scores were increased after treatment in the two groups (<0.05), and the MoCA score in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the ADAS-Cog scores were decreased after treatment in the two groups (<0.05), and the ADAS-Cog score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the latency of N2 and P3 was shortened and the amplitude was increased after treatment in the two groups (<0.05); after treatment, the latency of N2 and P3 in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group and the amplitude was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the serum levels of APP and Aβ were lower after treatment in the two groups (<0.05), and the serum levels of APP and Aβ in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Baihui (GV 20) and Fengfu (GV 6) combined with donepezil hydrochloride can effectively reduce the serum levels of APP and Aβ and improve the scores of MoCA and ADAS-Cog and the levels of N2 and P3 of P300 in AD patients, which has superior effect to donepezil hydrochloride alone in improving the learning-memory of AD patients.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Blood , Therapeutics , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Blood , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Blood , Cognition , Donepezil , Therapeutic Uses , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Learning , Memory , Peptide Fragments , Blood
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of cluster needling at the scalp points on the expression of choline acetyl transferase (ChAT) and choline cholinesterase (AchE).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 Wistar rats were randomized into a sham-operation group, a model group, a medication group and a cluster needling group, 15 rats in each one. In the model group, the medication group and the cluster needling group, the models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) were established by the orienteering injection with Aβ1-42 in the bilateral hippocampal CA1 in the rats. In the sham-operation group, the distilled water was injected in bilateral hippocampus of rats. In the medication group, the lavage with aricept was adopted for the basic treatment, once a day, for 4 weeks consecutively. In the cluster needling group, on the base of the treatment as the medication group, the cluster needling at the scalp points was adopted, once a day, 6 times a week, for 4 weeks totally. In the sham-operation group and the model group, the normal feeding was provided. After intervention, the learning and memory ability was measured with Morris water maze in the rats of each group. The changes in the hippocampal gross structure were observed with HE staining. The changes in the positive expressions of hippocampal ChAT and AchE were determined with the immunohistochemical method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the escape latency was prolonged and the percentage of the second quadrant and the frequency of platform leaping were reduced in the rats of the model group (all 0.05) and the expression of AchE was reduced (<0.05) in the medication group; the expression of ChAT was increased (<0.05) and that of AchE decreased (<0.01) in the cluster needling group. Compared with the medication group, the expression of ChAT was increased and that of AchE decreased in the cluster needling group (both <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The effect mechanism of cluster needling at the scalp points on AD could be related to the up-regulation of ChAT expression and down-regulation of AchE expression in the hippocampus. The combined treatment with the cluster needling and aricept achieves the better therapeutic effect on AD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Animals , Choline O-Acetyltransferase , Hippocampus , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Scalp
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of different melatonin treatment regimens on the proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and long-term histopathology in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to identify better melatonin treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 Sprague-Dawley rats aged 7 days were randomly divided into normal control, HIBD, single-dose immediate melatonin treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous melatonin treatment (7DCT) groups, with 24 rats in each group. The rat model of HIBD was prepared by isolation and electrocoagulation of the right common carotid artery as well as hypoxic treatment in a hypoxic chamber (oxygen concentration 8.00% ± 0.01%) for 2 hours. On day 7 after modeling, proliferating cell nuclear antigen/Nestin double-labeling immunofluorescence was used to measure the proliferation of endogenous NSCs in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) region in 8 rats in each group, and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of Nestin in brain. On day 28 after modeling, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Nissl staining were used to observe the changes in the histopathology and the number of pyramidal cells in the hippocampal CA1 region in 8 rats in each group.@*RESULTS@#Immunofluorescent staining showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significant increase in the number of PCNA+Nestin+DAPI+ cells, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P<0.01). Western blot showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had significantly higher protein expression of Nestin than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had significantly higher expression than the SDIT group (P<0.05). HE staining showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had alleviated cell injury, and Nissl staining showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significant increase in the number of pyramidal cells, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both single-dose immediate melatonin treatment and 7-day continuous melatonin treatment can promote the proliferation of endogenous NSCs and alleviate long-term histological injury in the brain of neonatal rats with HIBD. A 7-day continuous melatonin treatment has a better effect than single-dose immediate melatonin treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Melatonin , Neural Stem Cells , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family receptor α-1 (GFRα1) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) in the intestinal tissue of children with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), as well as the role of EZH2 in the regulation of GFRα1 gene expression and the pathogenesis of HSCR.@*METHODS@#The samples of colon tissue with spasm from 24 children with HSCR after radical treatment of HSCR were selected as the experimental group, and the samples of necrotized colon tissue from 18 children with neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis after surgical resection were selected as the control group. Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression levels of GFRα1 and EZH2 in colon tissue in both groups. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were divided into an EZH2 over-expression group and a negative control group. The cells in the EZH2 over-expression group were transfected with pCMV6-EZH2 plasmid, and those in the negative control group were transfected with pCMV6 plasmid. The expression levels of EZH2 and GFRα1 were measured after transfection.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression levels of GFRα1 and EZH2 in colon tissue (P<0.05), and the protein expression of EZH2 was positively correlated with that of GFRα1 (r=0.606, P=0.002). Compared with the negative control group, the EZH2 over-expression group had significant increases in the expression levels of EZH2 and GFRα1 after SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with EZH2 over-expression plasmid (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low expression of EZH2 in the colon tissue of children with HSCR may be one of the causes of inadequate expression of GFRα1 and onset of HSCR.


Subject(s)
Child , Colon , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Genetics , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Receptors , Genetics , Hirschsprung Disease , Genetics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , RNA, Messenger
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781660

ABSTRACT

To summarize and analyze the causes of hyponatremia in patients with brucellosis and explore the clinical manifestations of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis(SIAD)in patients with brucellosis. The clinical data of 111 patients with acute brucellosis who were treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from September 2011 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed.Hyponatremia was defined by serum sodium level lower than 135 mmol/L.Clinical characteristics including medical histories,vital signs,and laboratory test findings were collected and analyzed. Hyponatremia was found in 14(12.6%)of 111 patients with brucellosis,among whom 3 patients were confirmed to be with SIAD,10 were suspected as SIAD,and 1 was diagnosis as hypopituitarism.Hypoalbuminemia,elevation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate,and high sensitivity C reactive protein were found in brucellosis patients with SIAD,along with severe complications such as infective endocarditis,septic shock,and anemia. Hyponatremia is not a rare condition in brucellosis patients and may be caused by SIAD.


Subject(s)
Brucellosis , Humans , Hyponatremia , Inappropriate ADH Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773584

ABSTRACT

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors. As a metabolic regulator, FXR plays key roles in bile acid and cholesterol metabolism and lipid and glucose homeostasis. Therefore, FXR is a potential drug target for several metabolic syndromes, especially those related to lipidemia disorders. In the present study, we identified small molecule SIPI-7623, a derivative of an extract from Oriental wormwood (Artemisia capillaris), and found that it specifically upregulated the expression of cholesterol-7-alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), downregulated the expression of sterol-regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) in the liver, and inhibited the expression of ileal bile acid binding-protein (IBABP) in the ileum of rats. We found that inhibition of FXR by SIPI-7623 decreased the level of cholesterol and triglyceride. SIPI-7623 reduced the levels of cholesterol and triglyceride in in vitro HepG2 cell models, ameliorated diet-induced atherosclerosis, and decreased the serum lipid content on rats and rabbits model of atherosclerosis in vivo. Furthermore, SIPI-7623 decreased the extent of atherosclerotic lesions. Our resutls demonstrated that antagonism of the FXR pathway can be employed as a therapeutic strategy to treat metabolic diseases such as hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. In conclusion, SIPI-7623 could be a promising lead compound for development of drugs to treat hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Artemisia , Chemistry , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cholesterol , Metabolism , Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Hypolipidemic Agents , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Rabbits , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Genetics , Metabolism , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Triglycerides , Metabolism
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that integrins alpha5beta1 (ITGA5B1) gene-modified rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) could prevent cell anoikis and increase the nitric oxide (NO) production. Here we examined the capability of rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 on the phenotype modulation of Human Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cell (HPASMC) in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: The synthetic (dedifferentiated) phenotype of HPASMC was induced by monocrotaline (MCT, 1μM) for 24 h and then co-cultured with rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 in a transwell culture system. The activation of NO/cGMP (nitric oxide/Guanosine-3′, 5′-cyclic monophosphate) signaling was investigated in HPASMC. The changes of pro-inflammatory factors, oxidative stress, vasodilator, vasoconstrictor, contractile and synthetic genes, and the morphological changes of HPASMC were investigated. The results of this study showed that the NO/cGMP signal, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression, the expression of the vasoprotective genes heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) were increased, but the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins delta (Cebpd), Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) were reduced in MCT treated HPASMC co-cultured with rBMSCs/ITGA5B1. The synthetic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) phenotype markers thrombospondin-1, epiregulin and the vasoconstrictor endothelin (ET)-1, thromboxane A2 receptor (TbxA2R) were down-regulated, whereas the contractile SMCs phenotype marker transgelin expression was up-regulated by rBMSCs/ITGA5B1. Furthermore, rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 promoted the morphological restoration from synthetic (dedifferentiation) to contractile (differentiation) phenotype in MCT treated HPASMC. CONCLUSIONS: rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 could inhibit inflammation and oxidative stress related genes to promote the HPASMC cell differentiation by activation NO/cGMP signal.


Subject(s)
Activating Transcription Factor 4 , Animals , Anoikis , Bone Marrow , Cell Differentiation , Endothelins , Epiregulin , Genes, Synthetic , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Integrins , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Monocrotaline , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Nitric Oxide , Oxidative Stress , Phenotype , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Receptors, Thromboxane A2, Prostaglandin H2
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812373

ABSTRACT

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors. As a metabolic regulator, FXR plays key roles in bile acid and cholesterol metabolism and lipid and glucose homeostasis. Therefore, FXR is a potential drug target for several metabolic syndromes, especially those related to lipidemia disorders. In the present study, we identified small molecule SIPI-7623, a derivative of an extract from Oriental wormwood (Artemisia capillaris), and found that it specifically upregulated the expression of cholesterol-7-alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), downregulated the expression of sterol-regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) in the liver, and inhibited the expression of ileal bile acid binding-protein (IBABP) in the ileum of rats. We found that inhibition of FXR by SIPI-7623 decreased the level of cholesterol and triglyceride. SIPI-7623 reduced the levels of cholesterol and triglyceride in in vitro HepG2 cell models, ameliorated diet-induced atherosclerosis, and decreased the serum lipid content on rats and rabbits model of atherosclerosis in vivo. Furthermore, SIPI-7623 decreased the extent of atherosclerotic lesions. Our resutls demonstrated that antagonism of the FXR pathway can be employed as a therapeutic strategy to treat metabolic diseases such as hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. In conclusion, SIPI-7623 could be a promising lead compound for development of drugs to treat hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Artemisia , Chemistry , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cholesterol , Metabolism , Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Hypolipidemic Agents , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Rabbits , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Genetics , Metabolism , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Triglycerides , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711346

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of body weight supported treadmill training ( BWSTT) on func-tion of lower extremities in stroke survivors, and analyze the influence of quadriceps femoris muscle tone on the thera-peutic effect of BWSTT. Methods Thirty-six stroke survivors were randomly divided into a BWSTT group and a conventional therapy group ( CT group) according to a random number table, each of 18. Both groups were given rou-tine rehabilitation training, while the BWSTT group was additionally provided with BWSTT for 4 weeks. Before and af-ter the treatment, Fugl-Meyer assessment for lower extremity (FMMS-LE), Berg balance scale (BBS) and Holden walking function rating scale ( Holden) were used to assess the motor function of lower extremities, balance function and walking ability of both groups. Meanwhile, the patients in BWSTT group were further divided into a mild-spasm subgroup and a seriously-spasm subgroup according to the modified Ashworth scale assessment result of quadriceps muscle, and the results of their efficacy indexes were further compared. Results No significant difference was found in the average FMMS-LE, Berg and Holden scores between the BWSTT group and CT group before the treat-ment ( P>0.05) . However, significantly improvement was found in all the above measurements of both groups after the treatment ( P<0.05) . Further comparison found that the FMMS score of the lower extremities and Holden grading in the BWSTT group improved more significantly compared with the CT group ( P<0.05) , while no significant differ-ences were found in the Berg score between the two groups ( P>0.05) . The change of FMMS (△FMMS) and Holden (△Holden) after treatment in the mild-spasm subgroup increased more significantly compared with those in the seri-ously-spasm subgroup, but no significant differences were observed regarding the change of Berg (△Berg) between the two subgroups. Conclusions BWSTT can significantly improve the motor function of lower extremities, balance function and walking ability of stroke survivors. However, hypertone of quadriceps femoris might have adverse effects on the therapeutic effect of BWSTT.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711281

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate any protective effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and pioglitazone on chondrocytes in osteoarthritic patients using the pathway from peroxisome proliferator-activated γreceptor (PPARγ) to nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) to inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS).Methods Normal chondrocytes of 24 healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits were extracted and divided into a normal group,a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group,a LIPUS group (LPS+LIPUS) and a pioglitazone group (LPS+pioglitazone),each of 6 using a random number table.Each group was given the intervention their names implies.The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),leptin (LEP) and nitric oxide (NO) in the chondrocytes were detected using enzyme-linked immune sorbent assays.The expression of type Ⅱ collagen (COL2) in the chondrocytes of each groups was detected using immunocytochemistry and fluorescent staining.The mRNA and protein expressions of PPARγ,NF-κB and iNOS were detected using reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions and western blotting respectively.Results Compared with the LPS group,the average level of TNF-α,LEP and NO in the LIPUS and pioglitazone groups was significantly lower,with the levels in the pioglitazone group significantly lower than in the LIPUS group.Compared with the LPS group,COL2 expression in the LIPUS group was significantly greater.The mRNA and protein expressions of PPARγ in the chondrocytes in the LIPUS and pioglitazone groups were significantly higher than those in the LPS group.Compared with the LPS group,the mRNA and protein expressions of NF-κB and iNOS in the pioglitazone and LIPUS groups were significantly lower,with the pioglitazone group's levels significantly below those of the LIPUS group.Conclusion LIPUS and pioglitazone may promote anti-inflammatory action and COL2 synthesis in chondrocytes through the PPARγ/ NF-κB/iNOS pathway and play a protective role,at least in rabbits.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701977

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of bilateral internal iliac artery balloon occlusion in cesarean section for dangerous placenta previa and placenta implantation.Methods From January 2011 to December 2016,The clinical data of 15 cases of dangerous placenta previa and placenta implantation were retrospectively analyzed in the General Hospital of Huainan Oriental Hospital Group.All patients underwent internal iliac arterial intubation prior to cesarean section and into the balloon,placed the balloon in the bilateral internal iliac artery,and filled the balloon to temporarily block internal iliac arterial blood flow.The number of hysterectomy cases of cesarean sections were recorded.Results The amount of intraoperative hemorrhage was about 200-4 000mL,average 1 500mL.Intraoperative,postoperative red blood cell was 0-3 000mL,average 1 000mL,there were no maternal and fetal death and serious complications,2 cases in hysterectomy,the resection rate was 10.8%.Conclusion Bilateral internal iliac arterial balloon occlusion can effectively control the bleeding of the dangerous placenta previa during cesarean section and reduce the hysterectomy.The radiation dose is safe for the fetus.

14.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 895-900, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694006

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current situation of empathy and self-efficacy, and relation with perform-ance of objective structured clinical examination in residents of standardized training. Methods Questionnaire sur-veys with Jefferson scale of empathy health professionals and general self-efficacy scale were conducted among resi-dents of grade 2015 and grade 2016 from department of internal medicine of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH). Results Totally 101 questionnaires were delivered,and 99 were collected back. The average empathy score was 111.3±1.2,with that of grade 2015 slightly higher than that of grade 2016. The empathy score from resi-dents of different degree and different sources showed no significant difference. The average self-efficacy score was 22.77±0.50. The score of residents of grade 2015 was significantly higher than that of grade 2016. The score was higher in residents with higher degree. The score of residents from PUMCH was higher than the other subgroups. The score of empathy showed no significant correlation with OSCE scores, while the score of self-efficacy of resi-dents of grade 2015 significantly positively correlated with scores of medical recording (R=0.35,P<0.05),case analyzing (R=0.31,P<0.05) and average score(R=0.33,P<0.05) of OSCE. Conclusions The empathy and self-efficacy of residents remained to be improved, and could be improved through clinical training. Psychological evaluation could be inducted into standardized resident training system,and provide helpful supplementary to OSCE with more comprehensive evaluation of residents.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752182

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of EI injection on learning and memory ability and brain energy of two-way Meynert basal injection of Ibotenic acid (IBO) dementia model rats. Methods: A rat model of dementia wasestablished by bilateral meynert basal injection of IBO. After 8 weeks of EI injection, Morris water maze was used todetect the learning and memory ability of rats. Congo red staining was used to observe the deposition of Aβ plaque inhippocampal CA1 and cortical areas of rats. The changes of ATP, ADP and AMP in brain tissue of each group weredetermined by HPLC. The content of insulin in rat brain tissue was detected by ELISA kit. The expression of key proteinin PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the sham operation group, theescape latency of the model group was significantly prolonged, the number of entering the platform, the time andpercentage of crossing the platform quadrant decreased significantly (P < 0.05); Aβ plaque deposition was observed inthe hippocampus and cortex; ATP/AMP ratio and insulin content were significantly decreased (P < 0.05); brain tissue PI3 K and AKT protein were low expression (P> 0.05) . After intervention with EI injection, the escape latency of themodel rats was significantly shortened, the number of entering the platform and the time of crossing the platform quadrantincreased significantly (P < 0.05); the hippocampus and cortex red staining was alleviated; the brain tissue ATP/AMPratio and insulin content increased significantly (P < 0.05) . Conclusion: EI injection can improve the learning andmemory function of IBO-induced dementia model rats, which is related to the improvement of brain energy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752181

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of compatibility of Radix Ginseng and Radix Scutellariae (CRH) on learning and memory ability in multi-infarct dementia (MID) model rats and to explore the mechanism from the perspective of brain energy. Methods: We established MID rat model by thrombus injection, and learning and memory ability of MID rats was evaluated by Morris water maze; HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 region of rats; the contents of ATP, ADP and AMP in brain tissues were determined by highperformance liquid chromatography; flow cytometry was used to detect the changes of mitochondrial swelling and mitochondrial membrane potential in hippocampus of rats. Results: Compared with the rats in model group, the escape latency was significantly shortened in both high and low dose groups (P < 0.05) . The times of crossing the platform were increased in both high and low dose groups (P < 0.05) . The disorder of cell arrangement and loss of number of cell layers were significantly improved in high and low dose groups (P < 0.05) . The degree of mitochondria swelling was significantly reduced in low dose group (P < 0.05) . The decreasing trend of mitochondrial membrane potential was improved (P <0.05), and the energy charge of brain tissue was increased in high dose group rats (P < 0.05) . Conclusion: CRH improved the cognitive decline and increased the concentration of energy charge in MID rats which was in relation to protect mitochondrial damage and improve brain energy, and further protect neurons.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752180

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of Shenqi Yizhi Granules on PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in Aβ1-42 bilateral hippocampal injection of AD model rats. Methods: A rat model of AD was established by bilateral hippocampus injection of Aβ1-42. Shenqi Yizhi granules were used for 60 days. Morris water maze was used to detect the learning and memory function of each rat. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of rat hippocampal CA3 area. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of PI3K and AKT protein in hippocampus. The relative expression levels of PI3K mRNA and AKT mRNA were detected by RT-PCR. Results: Compared with the blank group, the escape latency of the model group was significantly prolonged, and the number of entering the platform, the time and percentage of crossing the platform quadrant decreased significantly (P < 0.05). At the same time, the vertebral cells in the hippocampal CA3 area were disordered and the neurons showed obvious lesions. PI3K/AKT showed significant inhibition at both protein and gene levels (P < 0.05). After intervention with Shenqi Yizhi Granule, the escape latency of the model rats was significantly shortened, and the number of entering the platform and the time of crossing the platform quadrant were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Shenqi Yizhi Granules can improve the cognitive function of Aβ1-42 bilateral hippocampus injection in AD rats, and its mechanism may be related to activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in brain.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661198

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the routine examination of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and determine the contents of lappacontine and ranaconitine; To provide basis for establishing the quality standard of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.Methods Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were collected from different areas.A method of TLC was used for qualitative discrimination. The methods in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia were adopted for the determination of moisture content, ash content and extractives. Determination of lappacontine and ranaconitine were performed by HPLC. Results The TLC showed that the spots were clear and the separation was good. Individual provisional standards:the moisture,total ash and acid-insoluble ash content of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not more than 11.0%, 12.0%, and 7.0%, respectively; water soluble and alcohol soluble extractives were not less than 18.2% and 10.6%,respectively.The content of ranaconitine and lappacontine in Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not less than 0.125% and 0.815%, respectively. Conclusion The method established by the study is accurate and reliable,and can be used for quality evaluation of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 641-648, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659286

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinic-pathological data and peritubular capillary (PTC) injuries of malignant nephrosclerosis (MN) patients and their correlations with the long term renal survival.Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of 52 MN patients in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2003 to March 2012.Their clinical data and renal biopsy samples were carefully studied.CD34 staining was performed to evaluate the PTC area,using Benign nephrosclerosis (BN,n=17) patients and glomerular minimal lesions (GML,n=19) patients as controls.Multivariate Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the potential independent risk factors for long term renal survival.Results Fifty-two MN patients were enrolled.The sex ratio of male to female was 12:1 and the average age was (34.0±8.2) years.The maximum blood pressure (SBP/DBP) was (230.4 ± 25.0)/(156.4 ± 20.6) mmHg,companied with significant loss of eGFR and proteinuria.Glomerular sclerosis index,tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis correlated with eGFR and proteinuria (P < 0.05).After aggressive treatment,BP control rate improved significantly (76.9% vs 3.7%,P <0.01),Scr [(376.4±263.8) μmol/L vs (486.8±375.7) μmol/L,Wilcoxon test,P< 0.01] and proteinuria [(1.10±0.70) g/24 h vs (2.04± 1.26) g/24 h,P < 0.01,n=21] also improved.PTC area in MN patients was significantly lower than those in BN patients and GML patients,and it correlated well with Scr (r=-0.553,P=0.001) and eGFR (r=0.476,P=0.004).The median follow-up time was 74 months,the cumulative renal survival rate at 1 year,5 year and 10 year was 90%,64% and 23%,respectively.Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the patients with higher PTC area had longer renal survival time [(114.8± 12.4) months vs (63.0±8.3) months, x2=5.312,P < 0.05].Univariate Cox proportional hazard model found that unsatisfied BP control,eGFR < 30 ml · min-1 · (1.73 m2)-1 upon discharge,lower PTC area,severer tubular-interstitial damage and anemia were associated with poor renal outcome.Multivariate Cox model showed that unsatisfied BP control (RR=3.89,95% CI 1.75-8.65,P=0.001),eGFR < 30 ml · min-1 · (1.73 m2)-1 upon discharge (RR=4.27,95% CI 1.40-13.09,P=0.011) were independent risk factors for long-term renal survival.Conclusions The correlation between PTC area and renal functions in MN patients are much better than that of classic vascular changes.Unsatisfied BP control and eGFR < 30 ml · min-1 · (1.73 m2)-1 upon discharge are independent risk factors for long-term renal survival.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658292

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the routine examination of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and determine the contents of lappacontine and ranaconitine; To provide basis for establishing the quality standard of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.Methods Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were collected from different areas.A method of TLC was used for qualitative discrimination. The methods in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia were adopted for the determination of moisture content, ash content and extractives. Determination of lappacontine and ranaconitine were performed by HPLC. Results The TLC showed that the spots were clear and the separation was good. Individual provisional standards:the moisture,total ash and acid-insoluble ash content of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not more than 11.0%, 12.0%, and 7.0%, respectively; water soluble and alcohol soluble extractives were not less than 18.2% and 10.6%,respectively.The content of ranaconitine and lappacontine in Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not less than 0.125% and 0.815%, respectively. Conclusion The method established by the study is accurate and reliable,and can be used for quality evaluation of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.

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