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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888003

ABSTRACT

Saussurea involucrata,a traditional Chinese medicinal material,is effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with cold-dampness blockage syndrome,cold pain in lower abdomen,and menstrual irregularities. However,due to the specific habitat,low natural reproduction rate,slow growth,and overexploitation,it is at the high risk of extinction. S. involucrata cells can be obtained through callus culture,suspension culture,and hairy root culture. This study highlighted the influences of reactor type,culture system,precursor,elicitor type, and light wavelength on the suspension culture of S. involucrate cells. The chemical components of S. involucrata cells mainly include phenylpropanoids,flavonoids,lignans,and steroids,among which phenylpropanoids are the most abundant. S. involucrata cells have multiple pharmacological activities of anti-inflammation,analgesia,activating blood and resolving stasis,immunoregulation,increasing bone density,lowering blood lipids,anti-hypoxia,anti-exercise fatigue,anti-radiation,anti-obesity,and anti-oxidation. Moreover,it has the potential of treating aplastic anemia. This study reviews the cell culture technologies,chemical components,and pharmacological activities of S. involucrata cells,laying a basis for the further research,development,and utilization.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Flavonoids , Humans , Plant Extracts , Saussurea
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904655

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the differences in proteins between aneurysm/dissection patients and healthy subjects, and subsequently figure out differential proteins related to medial degeneration of aortic aneurysm/dissection. Methods    Aortic wall samples were collected from 6 male aortic aneurysm patients (an aortic aneurysm group, mean age 56.50±8.19 years), 6 male aortic dissection patients (an aortic dissection group, mean age 54.17±6.68 years) and 6 male healthy subjects (a normal group, mean age 40.50±9.31 years) between December 2019 and May 2020 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University. Quantitative proteomics was performed using tandem mass tag (TMT) techniques, followed by gene ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. Results    A total of 63 differential proteins were obtained both in the aortic aneurysm group and the aortic dissection group compared with the normal group, with 30 up-regulating and 33 down-regulating. The differential proteins were involved in multiple biological processes and clusted on peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, extracellular matrix-receptor interaction signaling pathway and complement and coagulation cascades signaling pathway. Conclusion    The identified proteins may help to demonstrate new molecular mechanisms related to medial degeneration of aortic aneurysm/dissection.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1820-1825, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887023

ABSTRACT

We established a simple and sensitive GC-MS method for the determination of β-elemene in rat plasma and measured the pharmacokinetics of citronella grass extract in rats. Plasma samples were pretreated using liquid-liquid microextraction: 100 μL of plasma sample (containing naphthalene as the internal standard) was extracted with 50 μL of n-hexane. The determination was performed on DB-5ms column (30 m×0.25 mm, 0.25 μm). The initial column temperature was 60 ℃ and raised to 160 ℃ at a rate of 50 ℃·min-1, maintained for 3 min, and finally increased to 260 ℃ for 3 min. Helium was the carrier gas and the flow rate was 0.15 mL·min-1. The injection volume was 2 μL. EI and selected monitored ions pattern were used for ion scanning with m/z 128 (naphthalene) and m/z 93 (β-elemene). Citronella grass extract was administered to rats by intragastric administration and intravenous administration (containing β-elemene 55 mg·kg-1), and plasma was collected and prepared using an automated blood collection system. The linear range of β-elemene in plasma was 1.0-250 ng·mL-1 (r = 0.997), the limit of quantification was 1.0 ng·mL-1, the accuracy was -4.47% - -0.85%, the extraction recovery was between 56.02%-66.89%, and no obvious matrix effect (94.28%-108.63%) was found. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of β-elemene were AUC0-t (23.56 ± 4.40) ng·mL-1, tmax (1.67 ± 0.58) h, Cmax (7.36 ± 0.69) ng·mL-1, MRT0-t (2.76 ± 0.27) h, t1/2z (2.73 ± 1.36) h, Vz (7.39 ± 3.18) L·kg-1, CLz (1.95 ± 0.51) L·h-1·kg-1, and the absolute bioavailability was about 8.78%. The method is simple, accurate, and sensitive, and is suitable for the pharmacokinetic analysis of β-elemene in citronella grass extract in rats. All animal studies were implemented according to protocols, which were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886548

ABSTRACT

@#The conventional total arch replacement (cTAR) with frozen elephant trunk implantation is commonly regarded as the gold standard for aortic pathologies involving ascending aorta and proximal aortic arch. By combining open supra-aortic vessels debranching and emerging endovascular technologies, hybrid arch repair (HAR) has been increasingly performed as a promising alternative in risky patients with comorbidities and frailties. Nevertheless, the advantages or disadvantages of hybrid arch procedures and cTAR in terms of survival and related outcomes remain controversial. This study is aimed to briefly review the role and results of HAR in the management of aortic arch pathology in comparison of contemporary cTAR.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886520

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the role and potential mechanisms of neuropilin-1 (NRP1) in the pathogenesis of vein graft failure. Methods    The rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were transfected with NRP1-shRNA adenovirus and negative control adenovirus respectively. Cell counting kit-8, flow cytometry, Transwell and Western blot were used to investigate the effects of inhibition of NRP1 on VSMCs proliferation viability, apoptosis, migration capacity and its downstream signaling pathway protein expression. Results    The proliferation and migration of rat VSMCs could be inhibited after down-regulation of NRP1, and the increase of apoptosis was also observed. Moreover, inhibition of NRP1 significantly reduced Akt and NF-κB phosphorylation in rat VSMCs, but had little effect on activation of ERK1/2. Conclusion    NRP1 may promote vein graft hyperplastic remodeling by regulating the proliferation and migration of VSMCs through PI3K/Akt and NF-κB pathways, but further animal study is required.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884167

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the treatment of Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed in multi-line treatments, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a patient with refractory Her-2 positive breast cancer.The patient was initially diagnosed as Her-2 positive advanced breast cancer.After six line treatment in the outer hospital, the patient′s condition was basically in a progressive state.The breast tumor was broken and purulent, the lung metastasis increased, and the patient′s quality of life was poor.The patient was admitted to Department of Breast Surgery of Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, after MDT discussion, we gave pyrrolotinib combined with capecitabine treatment, the chest wound healed gradually, the lung metastasis gradually reduced, and the quality of life was better.A retrospective analysis of this case showed that pyrrolidine combined with capecitabine may bring hope to Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed to receive multi-line therapies, especially those who failed to target therapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between arrival time and the retention in emergency room and the prognosis in patients with severe trauma.Methods:The clinical data of 1 738 emergency trauma patients in emergency intensive care from trauma center information system of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were extracted. The emergency retention was the time in the emergency room ≥ 4 h. The 24 h of the day was divided into three shifts at 8:00, 15:00 and 22:00. Logistic regression model was used to calculate the crude OR and adjusted OR after adjustment by age, sex and RTS of emergency shifts, and COX regression analysis was performed with emergency death as the endpoint. Results:Among the total of 1 738 patients with severe trauma, there were 852 (49.02%) cases of emergency retention. Taking the morning shift as the reference baseline, the risks of emergency retention in middle shift and night shift were increased gradually. The OR value of night shift was statistically significant ( P<0.01), and the crude OR and adjusted OR were 2.21 (95% CI: 1.71-2.86) and 2.36 (95% CI: 1.76-3.18), respectively. The univariate COX regression model indicated that the crude HR of night shift was statistically significant ( HR=0.26, 95% CI: 0.08-0.90, P=0.033). However, the multivariate COX regression model showed no statistically significant differences in the adjusted HR of middle shift ( HR=0.96, 95% CI: 0.43-2.14, P=0.914) and night shift ( HR=0.40, 95% CI: 0.08-1.85, P=0.238), respectively. Conclusions:The arrival time of emergency trauma patients might be a contributor to the emergency retention, and night shift patients are more likely to encounter retention, but there is no significant effect on patient death.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881252

ABSTRACT

@#In the absence of symptoms, silent cerebral infarction can be discovered incidentally during an imaging or neuropathological examination. After cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, the morbidity is high, and it may contribute to neurocognitive dysfunction, symptomatic cerebral infarction and increased risk of death. The embolus caused by various operations intraoperatively are closely associated with this progress. However, controversies over the prevention still persist. As a result, an overall summary of silent cerebral infarction after cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass will be presented in this review.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 30-54, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881123

ABSTRACT

The sustained cell proliferation resulting from dysregulation of the cell cycle and activation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) is a hallmark of cancer. The inhibition of CDKs is a highly promising and attractive strategy for the development of anticancer drugs. In particular, third-generation CDK inhibitors can selectively inhibit CDK4/6 and regulate the cell cycle by suppressing the G1 to S phase transition, exhibiting a perfect balance between anticancer efficacy and general toxicity. To date, three selective CDK4/6 inhibitors have received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and 15 CDK4/6 inhibitors are in clinical trials for the treatment of cancers. In this perspective, we discuss the crucial roles of CDK4/6 in regulating the cell cycle and cancer cells, analyze the rationale for selectively inhibiting CDK4/6 for cancer treatment, review the latest advances in highly selective CDK4/6 inhibitors with different chemical scaffolds, explain the mechanisms associated with CDK4/6 inhibitor resistance and describe solutions to overcome this issue, and briefly introduce proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC), a new and revolutionary technique used to degrade CDK4/6.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3134-3149, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922800

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)/programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) cascade is an effective therapeutic target for immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. Targeting PD-L1/PD-1 axis by small-molecule drug is an attractive approach to enhance antitumor immunity. Using flow cytometry-based assay, we identify tubeimoside-1 (TBM-1) as a promising antitumor immune modulator that negatively regulates PD-L1 level. TBM-1 disrupts PD-1/PD-L1 interaction and enhances the cytotoxicity of T cells toward cancer cells through decreasing the abundance of PD-L1. Furthermore, TBM-1 exerts its antitumor effect in mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) and B16 melanoma tumor xenograft

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879667

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This study aimed at exploring the application of trauma time axis management in the treatment of severe trauma patients by using the Medicalsystem trauma system.@*METHODS@#We performed a retrospective cohort study involving patients with severe trauma. Patients who were admitted before the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system were divided into before system group; patients who were admitted after the application of the system were divided into after system group. Comparison was made between the two groups. For normally distributed data, means were reported along with standard deviation, and comparisons were made using the independent samples t test. Categorical data were compared using the Chi-square test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare nonparametric variables.@*RESULTS@#There were 528 patients admitted to the study during the study period. There was no significant statistical difference in the time from the start of trauma team to arrive at the resuscitation room between the two groups. The time from arrival at hospital to endotracheal intubation, to ventilator therapy, to blood transfusion, to completion of CT scan, to completion of closed thoracic drainage, to the start of operation, as well as the length of stay in resuscitation room and hospital were significantly lower after the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system. The mortality was decreased by 8.6% in the after system group compared with that in the before system group, but there was no statistical difference.@*CONCLUSION@#The Medicalsystem trauma system can optimize diagnosis and treatment process for trauma patients, and accordingly improve the treatment efficiency and shorten the treatment time. Therefore, the Medicalsystem trauma system deserves further popularization and promotion.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877114

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#During the yellow fever epidemic in Angola in 2016, cases of yellow fever were reported in China for the first time. The 11 cases, all Chinese nationals returning from Angola, were identified in March and April 2016, one to two weeks after the peak of the Angolan epidemic. One patient died; the other 10 cases recovered after treatment. This paper reviews the epidemiological characteristics of the 11 yellow fever cases imported into China. It examines case detection and disease control and surveillance, and presents recommendations for further action to prevent additional importation of yellow fever into China.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872817

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study was designed to compare inflammatory response, water carriage and gut brain axis in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) after treatment of three regiments, Huangqintang (HQT), Sishenwan (SSW), and Tongxie Yaofang(TXYF). Method:After approved by Institute of Chinese Materia Medica Ethics Committees in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, UC in rats was induced by using a compound method (trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid plus ethanol). Rats were randomly divided into control, disease, positive control salazosulfapyridine (SASP, 0.5 g·kg-1), HQT (20 g·kg-1), SSW(26 g·kg-1), and TXYF group(22 g·kg-1). After 5 days of treatment, colonic tissues and the blood were taken for various assays. Damage of colonic tissues was detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). The distribution of Vasoactine intrestinal (VIP), 5-hydroxytrytamine (5-HT), P-substance (SP) in the blood and serum were detected by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the levels of aquaporin3 (AQP3) and Aquaporin4 (AQP4) in the serum were detected by Western blot, the mRNA expression of Extracellular regulated protein kinases 1 (Erk1) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) in the serum were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:The brain-gut peptide results showed that compared with the normal group, the content of 5-HT and VIP in model group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), the content of SP were decreased, but there was no significant statistical difference, compared with the disease group, the content of 5-HT in SASP and TXYF group were clearly increased (P<0.05), the increment of VIP and SP in SASP, HQT, TXYF group were significant (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the content of AQP3 in model group were significantly increased(P<0.01), the content of AQP4 were clearly decreased(P<0.01), compared with the disease group, the content of AQP4 in SASP and HQT group were clearly increased (P<0.05), whereas the levels of AQP3 in HQT group were most significant reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the disease group, the expression of Erk1 and p38 were clearly reduced (P<0.01), with the most significant reduce being the expression in HQT group. Conclusion:Three regiments all have therapeutic effects on UC, manifested by improvements of the signs and mental status of UC rats. However, in terms of gut-brain axis disturbance improvement, the therapeutic effect of TXYF was superior than HQT and SSW, whereas in terms of inflammatory response suppression and water carriage accomodation, the therapeutic effect of HQT was superior than SSW and TXYF.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2736-2745, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837525

ABSTRACT

italic>Bulbophyllum orchids are popular for its ornamental appearance and great medicinal values. However, there is still a lack of research on phylogenetic relationship and species identification for this genus. In this study, the plastome sequences of three medicinal Bulbophyllum orchids (Bulbophyllum affine, Bulbophyllum pectinatum, Bulbophyllum funingense) were sequenced and analyzed. After assembly and annotation, it was found that the plastomes of Bulbophyllum plants encoded a total of 108 genes, including 74 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. Based on the analysis of mVISTA and comparison between junctions, it was found that the plastome structure of Bulbophyllum orchids was relatively conserved, and the variation mainly existed in the non-coding regions. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Bulbophyllum orchids were closely related to Dendrobium orchids. SSR analysis of Bulbophyllum showed that most SSRs were located in the intergenic spacer and had the most single nucleotide repeats. In addition, based on the comparative analysis of non-coding sequences, a total of 10 high-variability sequences were screened out, among which the combination of five non-coding region sequences, including psbI-trnS, psbC-trnS, clpP-ex1-psbB, psaJ-rpl33, rpl33-rps18, had the highest sequence variability and could be used in the species identification study of medicinal plants of Bulbophyllum. In conclusion, this study provides a theoretical basis for phylogenetic relationship and species identification of Bulbophyllum orchids through the comparative analysis of plastome sequences of three medicinal plants of the genus Bulbophyllum.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1521-1524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829315

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore prevalence of childhood neglect and autonomic nervous function, and its association in sixth graders students in Harbin, and to provide clues to improve physical and mental health of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method was used to select 1 259 students from grade 6 in 5 schools in two districts of Harbin, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) and TOHO University Medical Index (TMI) were filled in.@*Results@#The total rate of childhood neglect was 45.7%, of which the rate of emotional neglect and physical neglect were 18.8%, 40.8%. The rate of autonomic nerves disorder was 47.2%. The rate of autonomic nerves disorder in students suffered from neglect, emotional neglect, physical neglect are higher than those without any of neglect(χ2=50.52, 32.02, 43.61, P<0.01), and with the increase of the degree of neglect, the rate of autonomic nervous disorder were gradually increasing(χ2=47.99, 47.07, 49.24, P<0.01). After controlled for gender, neglect, emotional neglect, physical neglect were positively associated with autonomic nerves disorder(OR=1.53-2.34, P<0.05), and the odd ratio for autonomic nerves disorder among those with mild-to-moderate,moderate-to-severe and extremely servere neglect was 1.37, 1.83, 5.10 compared to those with none or mild neglect.@*Conclusion@#Childhood neglect is closely related to adolescent the autonomic nerves disorder in sixth graders students in Harbin. Moreover, the more serious the childhood neglect is, the higher the detection rate of autonomic nerves disorder is. In order to improve the physical and mental health of children and adolescents, it is necessary to pay attention to childhood neglect and early assessment of their autonomic function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of systolic dysfunction early complicated in patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (iTBI) and to evaluate the influence of complicated systolic dysfunction on the prognosis of iTBI patients.Methods:From January 2017 to October 2018, 123 patients with moderate or severe iTBI admitted to Trauma Centre in our hospital were included in the study, and patients with previous cardiovascular diseases were excluded. Left ventricular systolic function was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography within 24 h after admission. The patients were divided into normal systolic function group ( n=100) and systolic dysfunction group ( n=23) according to the results of echocardiography. Data were collected from all patients on admission, including GCS score, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), clinical treatment variables (use of sedative drugs, vasoactive drugs, etc.), craniotomy or not and clinical outcomes (survival or death) during hospitalization. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of each index for iTBI patients complicated with cardiac insufficiency. Results:The systolic blood pressure (147.3±23.3) mmHg, the heart rate (96.1±26.3) beats/min and the hs-cTnT level (16.48±8.17) pg/mL in the systolic dysfunction group were higher than those in the normal systolic function group on admission (all P<0.05); and the GCS score in the systolic dysfunction group was lower than that in the normal systolic function group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the heart rate ( OR=1.129, 95% CI: 1.001-1.516; P=0.038), the GCS score ( OR=0.640, 95% CI: 0.445-0.920; P=0.016) and the hs-cTnT level ( OR=1.054, 95% CI: 1.009-1.101; P=0.002) on admission were independent risk factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the hs-cTnT levelon admission was the largest (AUC=0.863, P<0.01). The in-hospital mortality of patients in the systolic dysfunction group was higher than that of patients in the normal systolic function group (52.5% vs 22%, P=0.004). Conclusions:The heart rate, the GCS score and the serum hs-cTnT level on admission were independent risk factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. The hs-cTnT level could better predict the occurrence of cardiac systolic dysfuncion, and higher in-hospital mortality was found in iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. Therefore, early detection and timely intervention may improve the prognosis of these patients.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1303-1306, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotype of pregnant women with α- and β- thalassemia in Fuzhou area of Fujian province in China.@*METHODS@#Blood routine examination and hemoglobin electrophoresis were performed for pregnant women, and positive samples were examined by gap polymerase chain reaction and reverse dot blot hybridization.@*RESULTS@#412 cases were diagnosed as α-thalassemia (63.9%); 201 cases were diagnosed as β-thalassemia (31.2%); 32 cases were diagnosed as α and β-composite thalassemia. There were 12 genotypes in α-thalassemia, whose major genotypes were --/αα, α/αα, -α/αα and αα/αα, with carrying rate of 64.32%, 20.14%, 7.77% and 1.94%, respectively. There were 10 genotypes in β- thalassemia, whose major genotypes were CD41-42/N, CD17/N, IVS-II-654/N and -28/N, with carrying rate of 30.84%, 27.86%, 15.92% and 10.45%, respectively. There were 9 genotypes in α and β-composite thalassemia, whose major genotypes were --/αα composited CD41-42/N, -α/αα composited CD41-42/N, --/αα composited CD17/N, with carrying rate of 18.75%, 15.62%, 15.62% respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The major genotypes of pregnant women with α- and β- thalassemia in Fuzhou area of Fujian province in China are --/αα, α/αα, CD41-42/N and CD17/N. Thalassemia screening and prenatal gene diagnosis should be strengthened in Fuzhou area of Fujian province in China.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , alpha-Thalassemia , beta-Thalassemia
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 247-255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789014

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism of Huangqin decoction (HQT) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) by using network pharmacology, chemical components and targets related to the four herbs of Chinese meteria medical in HQT were searched through the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) to construct the interaction network diagram of the target point of the compounds. The UC-related targets were screened through OMIM, TTD, and GeneCard databases. The compound-target network was constructed using Cytoseape_v3.7.1 software; based on the STRING database, a target interaction network for HQT for UC was constructed, and the core target of HQT for UC was selected based on topological parameters. GO (gene ontology) biological process enrichment analysis and KEGG (KEGG pathway analysis) pathway annotation analysis were performed on the disease and drug intersection targets using the R package clusterprofile version 3.12.0 in Bioconductor. The HQT compound-UC target network contains 128 compounds and corresponding targets 141. The core targets are AKTI, IL6, PTGS2, IL10, IL1β and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis yielded 151 GO terms, and KEGG pathway enrichment screening resulted in 33 associations with UC, mainly involving PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway and so on. The synergetic effect of HQT with multi-components and multi-pathway was confirmed by network pharmacology, and the main possible mechanism of HQT in treating UC was predicted, which lay a foundation for the identification of effective components, the mechanism of action, and clinical application.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754807

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the combination of transvaginal conventional ultrasonography and shear wave elastography ( SWE) on the diagnosis of endometrial cancer ,and establish a predictive Logistic regression model . Methods Clinical information collection ,transvaginal conventional ultrasonography ,and SWE check were performed in 112 patients w ho were post‐menopausal vaginal bleeding with ≥5 mm thick endometrium . T he Emax and Emean of Young′s modulus for the endometrium were obtained . Pathology was used as the gold standard ,ROC curve was plotted ,which could be used to evaluate the Young′s modulus on the diagnostic effectiveness on endometrial cancer . Single factor analysis and bring logistic regression methods were applied to assess the values of the clinical variables ,transuaginal conventional ultrasonography variables ,and Young′s modulus in the identification of endometrial cancer . Results In 112 cases of endometrial lesions diagnosed by pathology ,there were 84 cases of benign lesions ( benign group) and 28 cases of cancer( malignant group) . Both Emax and Emean in malignant group were larger than benign group [ (53 .00 ± 16 .07) kPa vs ( 31 .99 ± 13 .89) kPa ,( 27 .25 ± 9 .28) kPa vs ( 19 .94 ± 10 .37) kPa ,all P <0 .001] . In the logistical regression analysis ,body mass index ,endometrial thickness ,blood flow grading and Young′s modulus were identified as independent risk factors for endometrial cancer . T he accuracy ,sensitivity and specificity of the logistic regression model in the prediction of endometrial cancer were 89 .29% ,82 .14% , and 91 .67% , respectively . T he area under the ROC curve was 0 .928 . Conclusions T ransvaginal conventional ultrasonography combined SWE technique has an important value in the diagnosis of endometrial cancer .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744426

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of different surgical methods in the treatment of cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis,and its effect on immune function. Methods From December 2009 to February 2017,93 patients with cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis in Rongjun Hospital and the First Hospital of Jiaxing,were divided into the observation group and the control group according to random number table method. The observation group(47 cases) was given laparoscope combined surgery,and the control group(46 cases) was given conventional laparotomy surgery. The immune function,pain condition,complete stone clearance rate and analgesics use rate of the two groups were compared. Results After treatment,the CD +4 / CD +8 , CD +4 ,CD +8 ,CD +3 in the observation group were (1. 39 ± 0. 36),(40. 12 ± 8. 70)% ,(22. 62 ± 2. 22)% ,(56. 77 ± 3. 47)% ,respectively,which were significantly lower than those in the control group[(1. 70 ± 0. 40),(46. 00 ± 9. 00)% ,(25. 00 ± 2. 11)% ,(60. 00 ± 4. 40)% ],and the differences were statistically significant (t = 3. 93,3. 20, 5. 30,3. 93,all P < 0. 05). The use rate of analgesics in the observation group (4. 26% ) was significantly lower than that in the control group (21. 74% ) (χ2 = 6. 32,P < 0. 05). The complete stone clearance rate of the observation group(95. 74% ) was significantly higher than that of the control group (80. 43% ) (χ2 = 5. 22,P < 0. 05). After treatment for 3d,7d,14d,the VAS scores of the observation group were (3. 60 ± 1. 20)points,(2. 57 ± 1. 60)points, (0. 60 ± 0. 06) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of the control group [(5. 20 ± 2. 22)points,(4. 12 ±2. 30)points,(2. 77 ±1. 30)points],and the differences were statistically significant (t = 4. 31, 3. 77,11. 31,all P < 0. 05). Conclusion For the patients with cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis, laparoscope combined surgery has better clinical efficacy,it can significantly improve the patients' immune function and reduce pain.

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