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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 144-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880953

ABSTRACT

Oocyte cryopreservation is widely used for clinical and social reasons. Previous studies have demonstrated that conventional slow-freezing cryopreservation procedures, but not storage time, can alter the gene expression profiles of frozen oocytes. Whether vitrification procedures and the related frozen storage durations have any effects on the transcriptomes of human metaphase II oocytes remain unknown. Four women (30-32 years old) who had undergone IVF treatment were recruited for this study. RNA-Seq profiles of 3 fresh oocytes and 13 surviving vitrified-thawed oocytes (3, 3, 4, and 3 oocytes were cryostored for 1,2, 3, and 12 months) were analyzed at a single-cell resolution. A total of 1987 genes were differentially expressed in the 13 vitrified-thawed oocytes. However, no differentially expressed genes were found between any two groups among the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 12-month storage groups. Further analysis revealed that the aberrant genes in the vitrified oocytes were closely related to oogenesis and development. Our findings indicated that the effects of vitrification on the transcriptomes of mature human oocytes are induced by the procedure itself, suggesting that long-term cryostorage of human oocytes is safe.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cryopreservation , Female , Humans , Metaphase , Oocytes , RNA-Seq , Vitrification
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 386-390, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886066

ABSTRACT

Hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HR + HER2 +) breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease, accounting for about 10% of breast cancers. The molecular biological characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognosis of all subtypes have significant differences. This paper reviews the research progress of molecular biological characteristics, diagnosis and treatment condition and single-cell level in HR + HER2 + breast cancer from the perspective of heterogeneity.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy and safety of plate internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixator (EF) in treating distal radius fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#From establishment of database to August, 2019, randomized controlled trial (RCT) about open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixation (EF) in treating distal radius fractures was conducted by using computer-based databases, including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, Medline, Cochrane library databases. Data extraction and quality evaluation of included study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Palm angle, ulnar deflection angle, radius height, grip strength, ulnar variation, disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, total complication rate, infection rate and tendon rupture between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCT were included with 1 730 patients, 873 patients in ORIF group and 857 patients in EF group. Meta analysis result showed that after operation at 12 months, there were no significant difference in radial height [@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with EF in treating distal radius fracture, ORIF has better clinical effects in postoperative complications, palm angle, ulnar deviation angle, ulnar variation rate and infection rate. While there were no significant difference between in DASH score, radial height, tendon rupture and carpal tunnel syndrome better EF and ORIF. For the patient pursue rapid recovery of function, ORIF is better choice.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect on cardiopulmonary function of early rehabilitation after lung transplantation.Methods:Forty patients undergoing lung transplantation were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 20. Both groups received routine rehabilitation treatment, psychological counseling and health education about rehabilitation, medications and nutrition. The observation group was additionally given systematic early lung rehabilitation treatment as soon as their vital signs were stable after the operation. It included body position transfers, aerobic training, resistance training and breathing training 3 to 5 times a week for 4 weeks supervised by physical therapists. The control group were informed about methods of aerobic training, respiratory training and airway clearance but carried them out by themselves. The percentage of forced expiratory volume (FVC%), FVC in the first second (FEV1%, ) and FEV1%/ FVC% of the two groups were evaluated using a bedside lung function instrument before the lung transplantation and after 4 weeks of treatment. The six-minute walking distances (6MWDs) of the two groups were compared and their facility in the activities of daily living was evaluated using the modified Barthel index (MBI).Results:Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the average FEV1%, FVC%, FEV1%/FVC%, 6MWD or MBI ratings between the two groups. After the 4 weeks of treatment, both groups showed significant improvement in all of those measurements, on average. The observation group′s averages were, however, significantly better than those of the control group.Conclusion:Early rehabilitation after lung transplantation helps to improve cardiopulmonary function and promote a better quality of life.

5.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 290-299, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835766

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Recently, totally laparoscopic gastrectomy has been gradually accepted by surgeons worldwide for gastric cancer treatment. Complete dissection of the lymph nodes and the establishment of the surgical margin are the most important considerations for curative gastric cancer surgery. Previous studies have demonstrated that indocyanine green (ICG)-traced laparoscopic gastrectomy significantly improves the completeness of lymph node dissection. However, it remains difficult to identify the tumor location intraoperatively for gastric cancers that are staged ≤T3. Here, we investigated the feasibility of ICG fluorescence for lymph node mapping and tumor localization during totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. @*Materials and Methods@#Preoperative and perioperative data from consecutive patients with gastric cancer who underwent a totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were collected and analyzed. The patients were categorized into the ICG (n=61) or the non-ICG (n=75) group based on whether preoperative endoscopic mucosal ICG injection was performed. @*Results@#The ICG group had a shorter operation time and less intraoperative blood loss.Moreover, significantly more lymph nodes were harvested in the ICG group than the non-ICG group. No pathologically positive margin was found and there was no significant difference in either the proximal or distal surgical margins between the 2 groups. @*Conclusions@#Near-infrared fluorescence imaging with ICG can be successfully used in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, and it contributes to both the completeness of D2 lymph node dissection and confirmation of the gastric transection line. Well-designed prospective randomized studies are needed in the future to fully validate our findings.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of a 3D printed patient-specific guider (3D-PSG) in complex total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 44 patients who had received complex artificial TKA for articular and extra-articular deformities of the knee from January 2016 to October 2019 at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital. According to whether a 3D-PSG had been applied, the patients were divided into 2 groups. In the 3D-PSG group of 23 patients, there were 11 males and 12 females, with an age of 63.7 years ± 10.2 years (from 53 to 81 years); in the conventional group of 21 cases, there were 10 males and 11 females, with an age of 64.2 years ±12.1 years (from 51 to 79 years). In the 3D-PSG group, the preoperative CT data were 3D reconstructed for measurement of a full lower limb and design of a 3D-PSG and TKA was assisted by a 3D-PSG which had been manufactured by a 3D printer using the STL files of the 3D-PSG imported. In the conventional group TKA was performed in a standard manner. In the 3D-PSG group, the TKA surgical parameters in the preoperative plan were compared with actual surgical measurements. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, length of hospital stay, visual analogue scale (VAS), Knee Society Score (KSS), hip knee ankle (HKA), frontal femoral component (FFC), frontal tibial component (FTC), lateral femoral flexion (LFF) and lateral tibial component (LTC).Results:There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data, showing comparability ( P>0.05). In the 3D-PSG group, no significant differences were found between preoperative parameters designed and actual intraoperative measurements in the prosthetic type of femoral condyle (3.4±1.1 versus 3.5±0.9) or of tibial plateau (3.1±0.9 versus 3.3±1.2), or in the filler thickness (10.6 mm ± 3.2 mm versus 10.9 mm ± 4.7 mm) ( P>0.05). The 44 patients were followed up for an average of 10.8 months (from 7 to 13 months). The 3D-PSG group had significantly less operation time (65.7 min ± 10.5 min), intraoperative blood loss (19.8 mL ±7.3 mL), postoperative drainage volume (124.6 mL ± 27.9 mL) and hospital stay (7.3 d ± 2.5 d) than the conventional group (82.4 min ± 11.7 min, 86.5 mL ± 35.7 mL, 154.6 mL ± 21.3 mL and 10.6 d ± 3.1 d) ( P<0.05). The VAS and KSS scores at postoperative day 1, week 1 and week 2 in the 3D-PSG group were significantly better than those in the conventional group ( P<0.05). Significantly more patients in the 3D-PSG group achieved approximately ideal values in HKA, FFC, FTC, LFF and LTC than those in the conventional group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:A 3D printed patient-specific guider may improve surgical accuracy, reduce operation time and achieve better surgical outcomes in complex total knee arthroplasty.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755076

ABSTRACT

Objective To comparatively evaluate the clinical efficacy and adverse events of chemoradiotherapy combined with/without radioactive iodine-125 ( 125-I) implantation for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Methods With locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer admitted to Department of Radiotherapy of Jianhu County People's Hospital and Yancheng Third People's Hospital from March 2014 to March 2015 of 38 patients were enrolled and randomly divided into the observation ( chemoradiotherapy+ radioactive 125-I implantation, n=20) and control groups ( chemoradiotherapy, n=18) . All patients underwent conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and TC chemotherapy. In the observation group, 125-I implantation was performed at 3 months after chemoradiotherapy. The short-term clinical efficacy, progression-free survival, overall survival and adverse events were statistically compared between two groups. Results The total effective rate in the observation group was 85%, significantly higher than 56% in the control group ( P=0.046) . Until May, 2018, the progression-free survival rates in the observation and control groups were 65% and 61% ( P=0.457) , the overall survival rates were 32% and 26%, and the median survival time was 22.8( 95%CI: 20.5-23.5) and 21.3( 95%CI: 15.9-26.0) months ( P=0.633) . The incidence rates of adverse events in the observation and control groups were 45% and 78% ( P>0.05) . Conclusions Concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with radioactive 125-I implantation yields high short-term efficacy in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. It can prolong the long-term survival to certain extent and yield a low incidence rate of severe adverse events, which deserves to be validated by large sample-size investigations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753162

ABSTRACT

To explore influence of ultrasound‐guided lauromacrogol foam sclerotherapy on peripheral blood levels of counting of endothelial cells (CEC) , endothelin (ET)‐1 and nitric oxide (NO) in patients with sa‐phenous vein varicosis .Methods : A total of 90 patients with saphenous vein varicosis were randomly and equally di‐vided into lauromacrogol group (received ultrasound‐guided lauromacrogol foam sclerotherapy ) and routine treat‐ment group (received routine stripping ).Peripheral blood levels of CEC , ET‐1 and NO were observed and com‐pared between two groups before and after surgery , and therapeutic effect and incidence of complications were eval‐uated.Results : Compared with routine treatment group , there were significant reductions in surgery time [ (81. 79 ± 16.88) min vs .(40.55 ± 10. 19) min] , hospitalization time [(3.94 ± 1.36) d vs.(2. 17 ± 1.31) d] and hospital‐ization fee [ (7640. 15 ± 1025.11) RMB vs.(3998.89 ± 910. 67 ) RMB ] in lauromacrogol group , P= 0.001 all. Compared with routine treatment group after surgery , there were significant reductions in incidence rate of total complications (17.78% vs .4. 44%) , percentage of patient's condition class IV (17. 78% vs.4.44%) , peripheral blood levels of CEC [ (5562. 48 ± 1194. 73)/L vs.(4655.87 ± 1209. 88)/L] and ET‐1 [ (70. 32 ± 10.30) ng/L vs. (62.95 ± 13.78) ng/L] , and significant rise in percentage of patient’ s condition class I (6.67% vs.25. 00%) and peripheral blood NO level [(1.27 ± 0.42) μmol/L vs.(1. 59 ± 0.51) μmol/L] in lauromacrogol group , P<0. 05 or<0. 01. Conclusion : Ultrasound‐ guided lauromacrogol foam sclerotherapy can significantly increase therapeutic effect , improve vascular endothelial function in patients with saphenous vein varicosis .And its complications are few .

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 368-372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805235

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to examine the feasibility and toxicity of EC-T dose-dense regimen and to demonstrate the suitable dose of epirubicin in a Chinese early-stage breast cancer population with high recurrence risk.@*Methods@#370 patients with early-stage breast cancer at high risk of recurrence were treated with EC-T dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy and prophylactic administration of recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor (G-CSF). The incidence of delayed chemotherapy, drug reduction and adverse reactions were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#370 patients completed the planned eight cycles of chemotherapy, 50 patients experienced chemotherapy delay, and 90 had chemotherapy dose reductions. Overall, 61.1% of the patients experienced grade 3 or 4 hematology toxicities, 4.1% of the patients experienced grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity, 16.3% experienced grade 3 or 4 liver malfunction, and 1.9% experienced grade 3 alopecia. In the multivariate analysis, pretreatment epirubicin levels were associated with comprehensive and hematology toxicity risk (OR=1.268, P=0.046; OR=1.244, P=0.036). With G-CSF support, the probability of grade 3-4 dose limiting toxicity, i. e. neutropenia, abnormal liver function, and gastrointestinal adverse effects did not increase as the epirubicin dose level increased(P>0.05). However, there were no statistically significant associations between epirubicin grade and treatment delay (P=0.814) or dose reduction (P=0.282).@*Conclusions@#EC-T dose-dense chemotherapy shows tolerable toxicity. High dose level is not a limiting factor for this regimen. With G-CSF support, epirubicin 85-90 mg/m2 is appropriate tolerance dose for Chinese early breast cancer patients with high recurrence risk.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 112-117, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804783

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the associations between genetic variations of DNA polymerase kappa (POLK) and treatment response to platinum-based chemotherapy of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to analyze the influencing factors on survival.@*Methods@#Five haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) of POLK were genotyped by Sequenom MassARRAY methods in 1 030 SCLC patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, and had different response and survival time. The associations between SNPs and treatment response were analyzed by computing the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from logistic regression model. Cox regression was used for survival analysis between SNPs and overall survival by computing the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs.@*Results@#Among 1 030 cases, 558 (54.2%) cases received cis-platinum and etoposide treatment while others treated with carboplatin and etoposide. Seven hundred and eighty eight patients were chemotherapy responders in the study with a response rate of 76.5%. The median follow-up time of these patients was 22.0 months. Patients were followed up to get their survival information. The median survival time of these patients was 22.5 months. Six hundred and seventy three patients (65.3%) had died by the last date of follow-up to get their survival information (Dec 21, 2017). Five htSNPs of POLK were not associated with the chemotherapy response of SCLC patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model analysis showed that, rs73120833 of POLK was significantly associated with the overall survival (OS) of SCLC patients, compared with POLK rs73120833 T allele, C allele can prolong OS (adjusted HR=0.87, 95% CI=0.77-0.97, P=0.021). The remaining 4 SNPS, including rs10077427, rs3756558, rs4549504 and rs5744545, were not significantly associated with overall survival. Age≤56, KPS> 80, limited-stage, chemotherapy response and radiation therapy can remarkably prolong OS (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#These results suggest that POLK genetic polymorphism rs73120833 plays an important role on the prognosis of SCLC patients, which can be potential genetic biomarker for SCLC personalized treatment.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Exposure to organic dust has been widely investigated as a potential risk factor for asthma with different results. To clarify a potential relationship, we performed the present meta-analysis to integrate the results of studies examining the association of organic dust exposure with asthma. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search in the electronic databases including EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane Library databases (up to August 2018) was conducted. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for organic dust exposure and asthma were retrieved and pooled to generate summary effect estimates in Revman 5.2. RESULTS: Database searches retrieved 1,016 records. A total of 17 studies containing 3,619 cases and 6,585 controls were finally included in our meta-analysis. The summary estimates suggested that organic dust exposure was positively associated with asthma (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.26–1.75; P < 0.00001), whether among population-based case-control studies (OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.13–1.35; P < 0.00001) or hospital-based case-control studies (OR, 2.79; 95% CI, 1.27–6.12; P = 0.01). Subgroup analysis showed that paper/wood (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.38–1.90; P < 0.00001), flour/grain (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.11–1.97; P = 0.008), and textile dust (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.08–2.09; P = 0.02) exposure were significantly associated with asthma. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the studies evaluated, our meta-analysis results prompt that organic dust exposure is a risk factor inducing asthma, although precise analysis focus on specific organic dust materials is still warranted.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Case-Control Studies , Dust , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors , Textiles
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the composition of gut microbiota and its correlation with the severity of behavior symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 30 children with ASD were enrolled as the ASD group, and 20 healthy children matched for age and sex were enrolled as the healthy control group. Related clinical data were analyzed. The V3-V4 hypervariable regions of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene in fecal samples were sequenced. The severity of behavior symptoms in children with ASD was assessed using the autism behavior checklist. The Spearman's correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between gut microbiota and the severity of behavior symptoms in children with ASD.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in the composition of gut microbiota between the two groups. Compared with the healthy control group, the ASD group had significant reductions in Shannon index and Shannoneven index (P<0.05), as well as a significant reduction in the percentage of Firmicutes and a significant increase in the percentage of Acidobacteria in feces (P<0.05). In the ASD group, the dominant bacteria were Megamonas, Megasphaera, and Barnesiella, while in the healthy control group, the dominant bacteria were Eubacterium_rectale_group, Ezakiella, and Streptococcus. In the children with ASD, the abundance of Megamonas was positively correlated with the scores of health/physical/behavior and language communication (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The development of ASD and the severity of behavior symptoms are closely associated with the composition of gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Bacteria , Child , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914293

ABSTRACT

Gender differences in fatigue manifest as females being more prone to feel exhaustion and having lower muscle endurance. However, the mechanisms of these effects remain unclear. We investigated whether orosomucoid, an endogenous anti-fatigue protein that enhances muscle endurance, is involved in this regulation. Female rats exhibited lower muscle endurance, and this gender difference disappeared in orosomucoid-1-deficient mice. Female rats also exhibited weaker orosomucoid induction in serum, liver and muscle in response to fatigue compared with male rats. Ovariectomy elevated orosomucoid levels and increased swimming time, and estrogen replenishment reversed these effects. Exogenous estrogen treatment in male and female mice produced opposite effects. Estrogen decreased orosomucoid expression and its promoter activity in C2C12 muscle and Chang liver cells in vitro, and estrogen receptor or p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase blockade abolished this effect. Therefore, estrogen negatively regulates orosomucoid expression that is responsible for the weaker muscle endurance in females.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754346

ABSTRACT

To explore the prognostic value of heat shock protein-90α (HSP-90α) plasma levels on breast cancer and non-breast malignant tumors, monitoring the response of chemotherapy, and the predictive value of cancer recurrence and metastasis. Methods: A total of 615 female patients were enrolled between June 2016 and September 2016 in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, who were divided into the examination (n=389) and control (n=216) groups. The former group consisted of static (n=289) and dynamic (n=110) groups, which were analyzed by stages, histological and molecular type, and so on. The latter group in-cluded healthy people (n=103), and those with breast benign tumors (n=51) and non-breast malignant tumors (n=62). In all the plasma samples, HSP-90α was detected using a double-antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The receiving-operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the effectiveness of plasma HSP-90α in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Wilcoxon's rank test and the Kruskal-Wallis test were used to analyze the association between clinical characteristics and levels of plasma HSP-90α. Results: The levels of plasma HSP-90α were significantly higher in patients with breast cancer than in healthy controls (P<0.001). When the cut-off value was set as 59.7 ng/mL for the diagnosis of breast cancer and 43.22 ng/mL for disease recurrence, the areas under the curve were 0.834 and 0.877, sensitivities were 90.3% and 95.7%, and specificities were 78.6% and 74.5%, respectively. The levels of plasma HSP-90α sig-nificantly decreased after achieving a response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy or surgery (P<0.05). Conclusions: Plasma HSP-90α has good clinical value in the diagnosis and monitoring of response and recurrence in breast cancer.

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 506-511, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810072

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical outcome of expression discordance of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) in primary breast cancer and the corresponding metastatic lesions.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 178 breast cancer patients with metastasis confirmed by the National Cancer Center & Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in the past 6 years. The data of expressions of ER, PR and HER-2 in primary and metastatic breast cancer, the metastatic sites, disease progression were collected and the relationships of the expression discordance of receptors with prognosis were analyzed.@*Results@#The discordance rates of ER, PR and HER-2 between the primary tumor and the metastatic sites were 27.0%, 39.8% and 18.7%, respectively. The discordance rates of ER, PR and HER-2 of patients with locoregional recurrence were 21.9%, 36.6% and 12.7%, respectively, while those of patients with distant metastases were 31.3%, 42.7% and 23.8%. The median progression free survivals (PFS) of ER+/+、ER+/-、ER-/+、ER-/- of primary tumor and metastatic sites were 17.7 months, 10.3 months, 14.0 months and 9.0months, respectively (P=0.025). The median PFS of PR+/+, PR+/-, PR-/+, PR-/- were 23.0 months, 10.7 months, 14.0 months and 9.2months, respectively (P=0.002). The median PFS of HER-2+/+, HER-2+/-, HER-2-/+, HER-2-/- were 14.9 months, 15.2 months, 12.3 months and 14.0 months, respectively, without significant differences (P=0.588).@*Conclusions@#This study confirms that expression discordances of ER, PR and HER-2 between primary breast cancer and the corresponding metastatic lesions are dramatic, especially in the patients with distant metastasis. The unstable levels of ER and PR seem to be significantly associated with prognosis of breast patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 499-505, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810071

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the function and molecular mechanism of Timeless in promoting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth.@*Methods@#The expression of Timeless in HCC and paracancer tissues were analyzed by using the public data of HCC. Timeless was overexpressed in MHCC97L cells and silenced in MHCC97H cells, respectively, and the expression of Timeless and its downstream molecules were detected by real-time PCR and western blot. The effects of Timeless on cell glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation and proliferation were detected by the glucose uptake experiment, lactic acid detection experiment, the extracellular fluid pH detection experiment, cell oxygen consumption test and cell viability assay, respectively.@*Results@#The level of Timeless in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that of paracancer tissue (P<0.05). The relative cellular glucose uptake levels in the groups of Timeless knockdown, including siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 0.510±0.119 and 0.508±0.099, respectively, significantly different from that of control group (P<0.05); The relative cellular uptake level of Timeless overexpressed group was 1.953±0.324, significantly different from that of vector transfected group (P<0.05). The relative levels of lactic acid production in the siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 0.579±0.096 and 0.550±0.120, respectively, significantly different from that of control group (P<0.05); The relative production level of lactic acid in the Timeless overexpressed group was 1.463±0.179, significantly different that of vector transfected group (P<0.05). The extracellular pH values of siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 7.390±0.035 and 7.370±0.060, respectively, significantly different from that of control group (P<0.05); the extracellular pH value of Timeless overexpressed group was 7.130±0.031, significantly different than vector transfected group (P<0.05). Oxygen consumption rate of siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 3.686±0.389 and 3.955±0.431, respectively, significantly higher than 1.690±0.297 of control group (P<0.05); Oxygen consumption rate of Timeless overexpressed group was 1.302±0.336, significantly lower than 3.185±0.262 of vector transfected group (P<0.05) Timeless inhibited the expression of p53. The cell glucose uptake, lactic acid production, the pH of extracellular culture medium and cell oxygen consumption of control group were not significantly different from that of Timeless and p53 co-silenced group [(si-Timeless+sip53) group] (P>0.05); the glucose uptake, the production of lactic acid, the pH of the extracellular culture medium and the oxygen consumption of Timeless co-transfected with p53 (Timeless+p53) group were not significantly different from those of vector transfected group (P>0.05). Timeless promoted the proliferation of HCC cells through inhibiting the expression of p53.@*Conclusion@#Timeless promotes reprogramming of glucose metabolism and proliferation of HCC cells by inhibiting the p53-dependent signaling pathway.

17.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 464-469, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693923

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of Per2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its effect on the survival of HCC patients, and to analyze the effects of Per2 on the proliferation and apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells. Methods The protein expression of Per2 in HCC patients was analyzed by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. SMMC-7721 cells were transfected with Per2 eukaryotic expression plasmid. The protein expression of Per2 was detected by Western blot. The cell proliferation and apoptosis was detected by MTS and flow cytometry. Results In 117 HCC tissues, the Per2 positive expression rate was 70. 94%, which was significantly lower than that of 87. 18% in the adjacent HCC tissue. The Per2 staining score was 2. 14±1. 76, which was significantly lower than that of 6. 39±3. 84 in the adjacent HCC tissue (P<0. 01). Per2 expression was related to tumor diameter, portal vein invasion and TNM staging(P<0.05) in 117 HCC patients. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of HCC pa-tients with low expression of Per2 were shorter than those with Per2 high expression(P<0.05).The cell proliferation was significantly inhibited and the apoptosis increased with the transfection of Per2 eukaryotic expression plasmid in SMMC-7721 cells(P<0.05).Conclusions The expression of Per2 in HCC is significantly reduced.Per2 inhibits the progression of HCC,possibly by inhibiting cell proliferation and promoting apoptosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775315

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the flavonoids of callus of transgenic and non-transgenic Saussurea involucrate and its antitumor activity on the esophageal cancer CaEs-17 cells. The species and content of mono-phenols were detected by high performance liquid chromatography. The growth of human esophageal cancer CaEs-17 cells was detected using CCK-8 assay, apoptosis morphology observation and flow cytometry. Expression of related apoptotic genes Bax and Bcl-2 were determined by qPCR. The results showed that the content of total flavonoids in the transgenic callus was 2.72 times that of the non-transgenic callus. The cyanidin-galactoside was detected in the transgenic callus, but not in the non-transgenic callus. The inhibitory effect of the extracts from the transgenic callus on CaEs-17 cells was more significant than that of the non-transgenic callus, and the IC₅₀ value had a decreased of 26.4%. Flow cytometry analysis results showed that the apoptosis induction effect of the extracts from the transgenic callus on CaEs-17 cells was significantly better than that of the non-transgenic callus. Fluorescence quantitative PCR analysis results showed that the extracts from the transgenic callus could up-regulate the expression of proapoptotic gene Bax and down-regulate the expression of apoptotic gene Bcl-2, and the regulation effect of the transgenic callus was more significant. Therefore, compared with the non-transgenic callus, the antitumor activity of the extracts from the callus of transgenic S. involucrate on the esophageal cancer CaEs-17 cells was significantly increased, which was closely related to the accumulation of cyanidin-galactoside and its metabolism-related flavonoid compounds in the transgenic callus.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavonoids , Humans , Phenols , Plant Extracts , Saussurea
19.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 4-4, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773009

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Autophagy plays a crucial role in chemotherapy resistance of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Hence, autophagy-related gene 5 (ATG5), an essential molecule involved in autophagy regulation, is presumably associated with recurrence of TNBC. This study was aimed to investigate the potential influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in ATG5 on the disease-free survival (DFS) of early-stage TNBC patients treated with anthracycline- and/or taxane-based chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#We genotyped ATG5 SNP rs473543 in a cohort of 316 TNBC patients treated with anthracycline- and/or taxane-based chemotherapy using the sequenom's MassARRAY system. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were used to analyze the association between ATG5 rs473543 genotypes and the clinical outcome of TNBC patients.@*RESULTS@#Three genotypes, AA, GA, and GG, were detected in the rs473543 of ATG5 gene. The distribution of ATG5 rs473543 genotypes was significantly different between patients with and without recurrence (P = 0.024). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients carrying A allele of ATG5 rs473543 had an increased risk of recurrence and shorter DFS compared with those carrying the variant genotype GG in rs473543 (P = 0.034). In addition, after adjusting for clinical factors, multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that the AA/GA genotype of rs473543 was an independent predictor for DFS (hazard risk [HR], 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-2.87; P = 0.034). In addition, DFS was shorter in node-negative patients with the presence of A allele (AA/GA) than in those with the absence of A allele (P = 0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#ATG5 rs473543 genotypes may serve as a potential marker for predicting recurrence of early-stage TNBC patients who received anthracycline-and/or taxane-based regimens as adjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anthracyclines , Autophagy-Related Protein 5 , Genetics , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Taxoids , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 45-48, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710932

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) on the treatment of migraine.Methods This prospective clinical trial enrolled 43 consecutive migraine patients with PFO from Department of Neurology,Beijing Anzhen Hospital from March 2014 to March 2015,in which PFO was diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (c-TCD).We grouped subjects according to their selection or refusal of PFO closure.Nine patients were allocated to treatment with PFO closure.Thirty-four patients were given with medical treatment and were assigned to control group.Basal clinical data,frequency of migraine,duration of migraine and scores of Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) were collected.c-TCD was performed after procedure of PFO closure transthoracic echocardiography.Changes of HIT-6 scores were analyzed after closure of PFO in the follow-up period.Results Successful PFO procedure was achieved in all patients without any complications both in hospital and in follow-up period.Only one patient had residual Ⅱ-grade right-to-left shunt (RLS) tested by c-TCD.Mean scores of HIT-6 in the surgical group were reduced significantly (49.3 ± 3.6 vs 67.5 ± 4.9,t =15.129,P =0.000).There were statistically significant differences in mean reduction of HIT-6 scores in the following one year for the female (48.8 ± 3.1 vs 69.8 ± 2.6,t =15.674,P=0.002),constant RLS (47.8 ±2.1 vs 67.9 ±3.5,t =8.572,P=0.043),RLS Ⅲ (50.6±2.3 vs65.4±2.7,t=7.663,P=0.039)/RLS 1V(48.2 ±1.9 vs 68.5 ±3.9,t=8.924,P=0.028)as well as migraine with aura subgroup (47.9± 1.6 vs 68.3 ±3.8,t=13.532,P=0.001).Conclusion Our results suggest that transcatheter PFO closure is a safe and effective approach for the treatment of migraine,espeecially for female migraineur with aura and with constant serious RLS.

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