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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907825

ABSTRACT

Ectopic thyroid gland refers to the presence of thyroid tissue outside the normal position of the neck, which is relatively rare in clinical practice, and ectopic and cancer change is rare. This article focuses on a patient with "supraclavicular mass" as the first symptom admitted to the Thyroid Surgery Department of Binzhou People’s Hospital, After the operation, the pathology confirmed ectopic thyroid cancer with lymph node metastasis, and the imaging showed lung metastasis. This article summarizes the case data.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922776

ABSTRACT

Huosu Yangwei (HSYW) Formula is a traditioanl Chinese herbal medicine that has been extensively used to treat chronic atrophic gastritis, precancerous lesions of gastric cancer and advanced gastric cancer. However, the effective compounds of HSYW and its related anti-tumor mechanisms are not completely understood. In the current study, 160 ingredients of HSYW were identified and 64 effective compounds were screened by the ADMET evaluation. Furthermore, 64 effective compounds and 2579 potential targets were mapped based on public databases. Animal experiments demonstrated that HSYW significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Transcriptional profiles revealed that 81 mRNAs were differentially expressed in HSYW-treated N87-bearing Balb/c mice. Network pharmacology and PPI network showed that 12 core genes acted as potential markers to evaluate the curative effects of HSYW. Bioinformatics and qRT-PCR results suggested that HSYW might regulate the mRNA expression of DNAJB4, CALD, AKR1C1, CST1, CASP1, PREX1, SOCS3 and PRDM1 against tumor growth in N87-bearing Balb/c mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 491-494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of perforator flap of proper palmar digital and hallex fibular flap in repair of soft tissue defect of fingers.Methods:A total of 52 patients with finger soft tissue injury were reviewed from January, 2017 to January, 2019. Twenty-seven patients were repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, and 25 by hallex fibular flaps. Both groups of patients had only soft tissue defects without phalangeal fracture. Postoperative follow-up were conducted by phone, WeChat and visit of outpatient clinic. The recovery of finger sensory function was evaluated according to the Trial Standard for Replantation Evaluation of Severed Digit by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association. The flaps were evaluated according to the shape, patient satisfaction and finger function and classified in excellent, good, fair and poor. Data of the 2 groups of patients were collected and statistically analysed by SPSS 22.0. P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:Both groups entered follow-up for 12-16 months. All flaps in both groups survived. There was statistically significant difference of TPD between the 2 groups[TPD were 4-7(5.3±1.2) mm and 6-10(8.4±1.7)mm, respectively]( t=7.642, P=0.000). According to the Evaluation Criteria of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association. In the group repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, 17 fingers were excellent, 6 good, and 4 fair, with a 85.1% of excellent and good rate. In the group repaired by hallex fibular flap, 8 fingers were excellent, 5 good, 9 fair, and 3 poor, with a 52.0% of excellent and good rate. The difference between 2 groups was statistically significant ( t=6.710, P=0.009). There was a 3.7% incidence of complications in the group repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, and 25.9% in the group repaired by hallex fibular flap. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant( t=4.167, P=0.032), and there was a higher incidence of complications in the group repaired by hallex fibular flap. Conclusion:The perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery and the hallex fibular flap are good choices in the repair of finger soft tissue defect. However, the postoperative complication of the hallux fibular flap is relatively high. Therefore, it is necessary to make a decision in the choice of flap according to the actual situation in clinical work.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a convenient preoperative nomogram prediction model for early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)with microvascular invasion (MVI), and to evaluate the model through internal and external validations for use informulating reasonable and individualized treatment strategies for patients with early-staged HCC.Methods:The clinical data of 294 patients who underwent hepatectomy at the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2017 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Based on the different admission times, they were divided into the training group ( n=231) and the validation group ( n=63). Based on the results from previous published literatures and our relevant clinical experience, risk factors including γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), fibrinogen albumin ratio (FAR), lymphocyte monocyte count ratio (LMR) and ALT-platelet ratio (APRI) were subjected to multi-factor logistic regression analysis to determine independent risk factors of HCC with MVI, and a nomogram prediction model was then constructed. The validation group was applied to the model for validation. Results:Of 294 patients who were enrolled in this study, there were 231 patients in the training cohort, with an average age of (55.1±10.9) years. In the training group, 95 patients were MVI positive and 136 patients were MVI negative. In the validation group, 38 patients were MVI positive and 25 patients were MVI negative. Logistic regression analysis showed that FAR>0.06, GGT>50 U/L, APRI>0.16, tumor diameter>5 cm, LMR>3.57 and PLR>98.75 were independent risk factors ( P<0.05), and a nomogram prediction model was established. The correction curve of the nomogram showed that the actual prediction result was close to the ideal result of the prediction model. The internal validated results showed the C-indexes to be between 0.71 and 0.90, and the prediction model had good discrimination. DCA curve was used to evaluate the clinical net benefit of the predictive model. When the net benefit rate was above zero, the threshold of the prediction model was 4%-77%, indicating that the prediction model had good clinical practicability. Conclusion:The established nomogram prediction model based on preoperative clinical indexes of GGT, APRI, LMR, PLR, FAR and diameter of tumor could be used to predict early diagnosis of HCC with MVI. The nomogram has good clinical application values.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2260-2265, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887042

ABSTRACT

In order to clarify the influence of acute hypobaric hypoxia on the bile acids of the rat small intestine, we used ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) to identify bile acids in the contents of the small intestine from untreated and acute hypobaric hypoxia-treated rats. Thirty-nine bile acids were detected; PCA and OPLS-DA analysis revealed marked differences in the composition of bile acids between the untreated and the acute hypobaric hypoxia groups. Bile acids were screened with VIP > 1, |log2FC| ≥ 1, P < 0.05, and a total of 7 bile acids with significant differences in content between the two groups were obtained, including 5 conjugated bile acids, 2 unconjugated bile acids; in addition, the content of conjugated bile acids has risen in the treated group. This study demonstrated the influence of high-altitude hypoxic environment on bile acid composition and metabolism in rats. All the animal experiments in this study were approved by the 940th Hospital Ethics Committee (approval No: 2020KYLL012).

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885320

ABSTRACT

Objective ::To investigate the role of trehalose in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury and its underlying mechanisms.Methods:C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into no-ischemia group, ischemia-reperfusion group, trehalose-treated group and normal saline control group. After ischemia for 90 minutes, reperfusion immediately or 6h, blood and liver tissues were collected, and serum was separated. The liver function parameters of ALT, AST, the inflammatory factors of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-2, and the pathological changes of liver were detected to study the role of trehalose during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. Hypoxia-reoxygenation cell model was established by AML12 mouse hepatocyte line, and divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group was divided into low dose group and high dose group according to the concentration of trehalose administrated. And the control group had no use of trehalose. The level of apoptosis was measured to study the effect of trehalose on apoptosis induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury with flow cytometry. Western blot was utilized for detecting the levels of Caspase-3, Cleaved Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 protein to understand the molecular mechanisms of trehalose in apoptosis during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.Results:In vivo animal experiments showed that liver function and such inflammatory factors as ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-2 increased in ischemia-reperfusion group after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion ( P<0.05), and liver tissue became necrotic. After a treatment of trehalose, the levels of ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-2 were lower than those of normalsaline control group and the area of liver tissue necrosis also decreased ( P<0.05). In vitro cell experiments showed that the apoptosis level of hepatocytes in the experimental group decreased compared with the control group.And the level of activated pro-apoptotic protein Cleaved Caspase-3 decreased, the level of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased. Conclusions:Trehalose has protective effects on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo and in vitro. The mechanism may be involved in inhibiting inflammation induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, suppressing the activation of Caspase-3 and promoting the expression of Bcl-2, thus played a protective role by extenuation of hepatocyteapoptosis.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 59-62,67, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical efficacy of 3D total hip arthroplasty in elderly patients with acetabular fracture.Methods:A total of 43 patients with non-obsolete acetabular fractures admitted to Xining First People's Hospital from May 2016 to December 2018 were randomly divided into the control group (22 cases) and the observation group (21 cases) for a perspective study. The control group received routine surgery and the observation group was treated with total hip arthroplasty combined with 3D printing. The patient's operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and hospitalization time were recorded. The hip function was assessed by Harris Hip Scale (HHS) after 6 months of follow-up. The patient's quality of life was assessed using the short form 36 item health survey questionnaire (SF-36) before and 6 months after surgery. The complications of the patients during operation and follow-up were recorded.Results:The operation time, hospital stay and intraoperative blood loss were significantly lower in the observation group than those in the control group ( P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, the hip joint function of the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group ( P<0.05); the quality of life scores were significantly higher than the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusions:3D printed total hip arthroplasty can effectively improve the operation and hip function of elderly patients with non-obsolete acetabular fracture and the quality of life of patients without increasing adverse reactions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880452

ABSTRACT

The registration system of medical device Master Files is established to solve the problem that the outsourcing suppliers are not willing to cooperate with the device applicants in the process of providing medical device application documents. After a brief introduction of Master Files systems established by foreign regulatory agencies, this article focuses on the research of establishing a medical device Master Files registration system in China. The results show that the establishment of Chinese Master Files registration system can both improve the standardization and convenience of outsourcing activities of medical devices, and satisfy the needs of the development of medical device industry and regulatory system. At the same time, the probability of additional risk caused by the implementation of the system is low. Therefore, it is expected that the benefits of the system to promote public health outweigh the potential risks, which demonstrates that establishment of the system has important application values.


Subject(s)
China , Industry , Reference Standards
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1178-1188, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878623

ABSTRACT

As a naturally occurring steroid sapogenin, diosgenin acts as the precursor of hundreds of steroid medicines, and thereby has important medicinal value. Currently, industrial production of diosgenin relies primarily on chemical extraction from plant materials. Clearly, this strategy shows drawbacks of excessive reliance on plant materials and farmland as well as environment pollution. Due to development of metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, bio-production of diosgenin has garnered plenty of attention. Although the biosynthetic pathways of diosgenin have not been completely identified, in this review, we outline the identified biosynthetic pathways and key enzymes. In particular, we suggest heterologous biosynthesis of diosgenin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Overall, this review aims to provide valuable insights for future complete biosynthesis of diosgenin.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways/genetics , Diosgenin , Metabolic Engineering
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A3 intertrochanteric fracture is an extremely unstable fracture, which is often treated with intramedullary nail, but the implant failure is common due to the posterior medial fragment cannot be reconstructed. A new medial sustainable nail (MSN-Ⅱ) which can reconstruct the femoral medial support by sustainable screw was introduced in this study. The mechanical effect was verified by biomechanical experiment.@*METHODS@#The loss medial support model of intertrochanteric fracture (A3) was made by artificial Sawbones model, fixed with MSN-Ⅱ and PFNA-Ⅱ, underwent axial loading and axial failure tests. The axial stiffness, yield load, displacement of head-neck fragment and torsional angle of fracture site of these nails were recorded and compared for biomechanical differences. The effect of early reconstruction of medial support with MSN-Ⅱ was determined.@*RESULTS@#The axial stiffness, yield load, the displacement of head and neck fragment when the axial load was 1 800 N and torsional angle of the fracture site after the axial failure test of MSN-Ⅱ were (222.76 ±62.46) N /mm, (4 241.71 ±847.42) N, (11.51 ±0.62) mm, (1.71 ±0.10)° respectively, while the PFNA -Ⅱ was (184.58±40.59) N /mm, (3 058.76±379.63) N, (16.15±1.36) mm, (2.52±0.26)°respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The axial stiffness of MSN-Ⅱ is better than that of PFNA-Ⅱ. The MSN-Ⅱ can bear more loads when fixed A3.3 intertrochanteric fracture and has greater axial and rotational stability. It is an effective means to reconstruct the medial support of A3 intertrochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Bone Screws , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2682-2687, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877826

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fracture is a distinct fracture pattern that is mechanically different from most inter-trochanteric fractures and the optional treatment of it is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare differences in the efficacy of a novel nail (medial support nail [MSN-II]) and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA-II) in the treatment of reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fractures (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesfrogen/Orthopedic Trauma Association [AO/OTA] 31-A3.1) using finite-element analysis.@*METHODS@#Modeling software was used to establish a three-dimensional model of MSN-II and PFNA-II and an A3.1 inter-trochanteric fracture model. Abaqus software was used to implement different force loads to compare finite-element biomechanical parameters such as the maximum stress in implant and the displacement of fracture site.@*RESULTS@#The femoral stress, implant stress and fracture site displacement of MSN-II was less than that of PFNA-II. The results indicated that the maximal femoral stress was 581 MPa for PFNA-II and 443 MPa for the MSN-II. The maximum stress values in the PFNA-II and MSN-II models were 291 and 241 MPa, respectively. The maximal displacements of the fracture site were 1.47 and 1.16 mm in the PFNA-II and MSN-II models, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with PFNA-II for inter-trochanteric fracture (AO/OTA 31-A3.1), MSN-II which was designed with a triangular stability structure can provide better biomechanical stability. The MSN-II may be a feasible option for the treatment of reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Femur , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of some cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 46 patients with COVID-19 in Beijing from 20th January 2020 to 8th February 2020 at the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital. Features of clinical symptoms, laboratory inspections and imaging inspections were analyzed. Statistical analysis used Fisher exact test. If P<0.05, post-hoc test was used for pairwise comparison, and the statistics were corrected by Bonferroni test.@*Results@#Among the 46 patients included in this study, 27 were male and 19 were female. The age range was between 3 - 79 years old, and the mean age was (41.8 ± 16.3) years old. The average incubation period was (4.85 ± 3.00) days. A total of 26 cases (56.5%) were clustered patients, and 12 (26.1%), 23 (50.0%) and 11 patients (23.9%)were assigned to the mild group, common group, and sever group, respectively. Fever (39.8%), cough (27.6%), and fatigue (25.3%) was the main clinical symptom for these patients. The decrease in white blood cell counts occurred in 12 patients, four had the decrease in T lymphocyte counts, 17 had the decrease in CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, seven had the decrease in CD8 + T lymphocyte counts, 21 had the increase level of C-reactive protein (45.7%), and IL-6 level increased in 32 cases (69.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased in 20 cases(50.0%), serum ferritin level increased in 26 cases (56.5%), and blood lactate level increased in nine cases. There was a statistically significant difference in the number of cases in which the absolute value of T lymphocytes and of CD8 + T lymphocytes decreased among the mild, common and severe groups (all P<0.05). Comparing the number of cases in the three groups with elevated C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum ferritin and blood lactate levels, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The number of cases with elevated C-reactive protein levels was higher in severe group than that in mild and common group. The number of cases with elevated interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum ferritin levels were higher in severe group than in mild group. The number of cases with elevated blood lactic acid levels was higher in severe group than in mild group. The differences between the above groups were statistically significant (both adjusted P<0.017). Analysis of chest X-rays showed that 34 patients (73.9%) had inflammation in the lungs.@*Conclusions@#The epidemiological characteristics of cases with COVID-19 in Beijing are mainly imported cases and clustered cases. The clinical manifestations are mainly fever , fatigue and cough. C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, red blood cell sedimentation rate, serum ferritin and blood lactate levels are higher in severe patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867597

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 46 patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing City.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 46 patients with COVID-19 in Beijing from 20th January 2020 to 8th February 2020 at the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital in Beijing City. Twelve, 23 and 11 patients were assigned to the mild group, common group and severe group, respectively. The epidemiological history, clinical characteristics, laboratory tests and imaging inspections were analyzed. Statistical analysis used Fisher exact test. If P<0.05, post- hoc test was used for pairwise comparison, and the statistics were corrected by Bonferroni test. Results:Among the 46 patients included in this study, 27 were male and 19 were female. The age range was between 3-79 years old, and the age was (41.8±16.3) years old. The average incubation period was (4.85±3.00) days. A total of 26 cases (56.5%) were clustered patients, and 26 cases had a history of staying in Wuhan, 10 cases had contact with Wuhan personnel. Fever (39 cases, 84.8%), cough (27 cases, 58.7%), and fatigue (25 cases, 54.3%) were the main clinical symptoms for these patients. The decrease in white blood cell counts occurred in 12 patients, four had the decrease in T lymphocyte percentage, 17 had the decrease in CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, seven had the decrease in CD8 + T lymphocyte counts, 21 had the increase level of C reactive protein (45.7%), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) level increased in 32 cases (69.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increased in 23 cases (50.0%), serum ferritin level increased in 26 cases (56.5%), and blood lactic acid level increased in nine cases. There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of cases with decreased absolute value of CD8 + T lymphocytes and T lymphocytes counts among the mild, common and severe groups (all P<0.05). Comparing the proportion of cases in the three groups with elevated C reactive protein, IL-6, ESR, serum ferritin and blood lactic acid levels, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The proportion of cases with elevated C reactive protein levels in severe group was higher than those in mild and common groups. The proportion of cases with elevated IL-6, ESR, and serum ferritin levels in severe and common group were higher than those in mild group. The proportion of cases with elevated blood lactic acid levels in severe group was higher than those in mild group. The differences between the above groups were statistically significant (all adjusted P<0.017). Analysis of chest X-rays results showed that 34 patients (73.9%) had inflammation in the lungs. Conclusions:The epidemiological characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Beijing City are mainly imported cases and clustered cases. The clinical manifestations are mainly fever, fatigue and cough. C reactive protein, IL-6, ESR, serum ferritin and blood lactic acid levels are higher in severe patients.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 155-160, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866802

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review the therapeutic effect of continuous high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) ventilation in patients with non-acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (non-ALI/ARDS) under general anesthesia mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:PubMed, JBI Evidence-based Nursing Center Library, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, Wanfang Date, CNKI and VIP Database were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and clinical controlled trials (CCT) using different levels of PEEP for the treatment of patients (uncombined ALI/ARDS) in ICU. The search period was from January 1st, 1990 to November 30th, 2018. Compared with the control group, the experimental group was treated with relatively high levels of PEEP ventilation. Outcome indicators were hospital mortality or 28-day mortality, partial oxygen pressure, and incidence of ARDS, atelectasis, and lung infections, etc. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis.Results:Twelve articles were included, all of which were RCT studies; with 2 Chinese articles and 10 English articles. Meta-analysis showd that there was no statistically significant difference in the effect of different levels of PEEP on the mortality of patients [hospital mortality: odds ratio ( OR) = 1.06, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.57 to 1.96, P = 0.85; 28-day mortality: OR = 0.34, 95% CI was 0.09 to 1.32, P = 0.12]. Compared with low PEEP, persistently high PEEP could increase the patient's partial oxygen pressure [weighted mean difference ( WMD) = 48.27, 95% CI was 22.56 to 73.97, P = 0.000 2], prevent the occurrence of ARDS ( OR = 0.32, 95% CI was 0.13 to 0.82, P = 0.02), and decrease the incidence of lung infection ( OR = 0.52, 95% CI was 0.30 to 0.89, P = 0.02), but there was no significant difference in the incidence of atelectasis between the two groups ( OR = 0.69, 95% CI was 0.23 to 2.06, P = 0.51). Conclusion:In the treatment of patients in ICU with non-ALI/ARDS under general anesthesia mechanical ventilation, using relatively high levels of PEEP (10-16 cmH 2O, 1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa) instead of low levels of PEEP (≤8 cmH 2O) can significantly increase the partial oxygen pressure and significantly reduce the incidences of ARDS and lung infection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors associated with lymph node posterior to right recurrent laryngeal nerve (LN-prRLN) metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) , and analyze the clinical value of surgical dissection of LN-prRLN.Methods:Clinical data of 140 PTC patients admitted to the same treatment group from Jun. 2014 to Oct. 2015 (all patients underwent LN-prRLN area dissection, group A) were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze high-risk factors for LN- prRLN metastasis, and another 171 cases without LN-prRLN area dissection (group B) were collected as the control group. The total number of lymph nodes dissected in the central area on the right was compared to analyze the proportion of lymph nodes in the LN-prRLN area.Results:Of the 140 patients in group A, the right cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 64.3% (90/140) , the central zone lymph node metastasis rate was 63.6% (89/140) , and the LN-prRLN regional lymph node metastasis rate was 17.9% (25/140) . Univariate analysis showed that tumors>1 cm, multiple tumors, capsule invasion, clinical lymph node staging cN1,VI-1 and cervical lymph node metastasis were correlated with LN-prRLN metastasis ( P<0.05) . Multivariate analysis showed that capsule invasion ( OR=4.599, P=0.037) and cervical lymph node metastasis ( OR=3.505, P=0.036) were risk factors for LN-prRLN metastasis. By comparison with the control group, the total number of lymph node dissections in the right central area of group B was significantly less than that of group A ( P<0.01) . Conclusions:PTC patients have a high rate of lymph node metastasis in the right central area, and lymph nodes in the LN-prRLN area occupy a certain proportion. RN-prRLN should be routinely cleaned to ensure the completeness and thoroughness of the dissection, and to minimize the possibility of performing a second operation due to recurrence of residual lymph nodes after operation. More importance should be attached to LN-prRLN dissection when the tumor is more than 1 cm, the tumor is multiple, the capsule is invaded, in clinical lymph node stage cN1, VI-1 and with cervical lymph node metastasis.

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 351-362, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Critical effective constituents were identified from Bufei Yishen formula (BYF), a traditional herbal compound and combined as effective-constituent compatibility (ECC) of BYF I, which may have potential bioactive equivalence to BYF.@*METHODS@#The active constituents of BYF were identified using four cellular models and categorised into Groups 1 (Bufeiqi), 2 (Bushen), 3 (Huatan) and 4 (Huoxue) according to Chinese medicinal theory. An orthogonal design and a combination method were used to determine the optimal ratios of effective constituents in each group and the ratios of "Groups 1 to 4" according to their pharmacological activity. We also comprehensively assessed bioactive equivalence between the BYF and the ECC of BYF I in a rat model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).@*RESULTS@#We identified 12 active constituents in BYF. The numbers of constituents in Groups 1 to 4 were 3, 2, 5 and 2, respectively. We identified the optimal ratios of effective constituents within each group. In Group 1, total ginsenosides:Astragalus polysaccharide:astragaloside IV ratio was 9:5:2. In Group 2, icariin:schisandrin B ratio was 100:12.5. In Group 3, nobiletin:hesperidin:peimine:peiminine:kaempferol ratio was 4:30:6.25:0:0. In Group 4, paeoniflorin:paeonol ratio was 4:1. An orthogonal design was then used to establish the optimal ratios of Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 and Group 4 in ECC of BYF I. The ratio for total ginsenosides:Astragalus polysaccharide:astragaloside IV:icariin:schisandrin B:nobiletin:hesperidin:peimine:paeoniflorin:paeonol was determined to be 22.5:12.5:5:100:12.5:4:30:6.25:25:6.25. A comprehensive evaluation confirmed that ECC of BYF I presented with bioactive equivalence to the original BYF.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the ECC of traditional Chinese medicine formula method, the effective constituents of BYF were identified and combined in a fixed ratio as ECC of BYF I that was as effective as BYF itself in treating rats with COPD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828285

ABSTRACT

Knee osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, which is manifested by the deformation and degeneration of articular cartilage and the discomfort of patients with joint pain, which affects the quality of life of patients and aggravates the medical burden of society. The pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis is very complex. This paper reviews the inflammatory factors and signal pathways involved in knee osteoarthritis. It is found that most of the inflammatory factors involved are interleukin, such as IL-1 β, IL-6, IL-15, IL-17, IL-18, and tumor necrosis factors, such as TNF-α. These inflammatory factors aggravate knee osteoarthritisby activating corresponding pathways and promoting the release of inflammatory mediators. The inflammatory signaling pathways involved in knee osteoarthritis are complex. Notch pathway, Wnt pathway, SDF-1 / CXCR4 pathway, TLRs pathway, MAPKs pathway, hippo Yap pathway, OPG-RANK-RANKL pathway and TGF-β pathway are all involved in the regulation of knee osteoarthritis, and the pathways related to inflammatory mechanism are mainly MAPKs pathway and TLRs pathway. Different signaling pathways can cause the destruction of articular cartilage, promote the apoptosis of chondrocytes, and finally lead to the further imbalance of homeostasis in the knee joint. At the same time, the activation of signal pathway can promote the release of inflammatory factors, so under the cascade reaction of inflammatory factors and signal pathway, knee osteoarthritis is aggravating.


Subject(s)
Cartilage, Articular , Chondrocytes , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Quality of Life , Signal Transduction
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
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