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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 395-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970221

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the long-term survival of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma after partical nephrectomy. Methods: The clinicopathological records and survival follow-up data of 2 046 patients with localized renal cell carcinoma, who were treated with partial nephrectomy from August 2001 to February 2021 in the Department of Urology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 1 402 males and 644 females, aged (M(IQR)) 51 (19) years (range: 6 to 86 years). The primary end point of this study was cancer-specific survival. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the difference test was performed by Log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis were fitted to determine factors associated with cancer-specific survival. Results: The follow-up time was 49.2 (48.0) months (range: 1 to 229 months), with 1 974 patients surviving and 72 dying. The median cancer-specific survival time has not yet been reached. The 5- and 10-year cancer specific survival rates were 97.0% and 91.2%, respectively. The 10-year cancer-specific survival rates for stage pT1a (n=1 447), pT1b (n=523) and pT2 (n=58) were 95.3%, 81.8%, and 81.7%, respectively. The 10-year cancer-specific survival rates of patients with nuclear grade 1 (n=226), 2 (n=1 244) and 3 to 4 (n=278) were 96.6%, 89.4%, and 85.5%, respectively. There were no significant differences in 5-year cancer-specific survival rates among patients underwent open, laparoscopic, or robotic surgery (96.7% vs. 97.1% vs. 97.5%, P=0.600). Multivariate analysis showed that age≥50 years (HR=3.93, 95%CI: 1.82 to 8.47, P<0.01), T stage (T1b vs. T1a: HR=3.31, 95%CI: 1.83 to 5.99, P<0.01; T2+T3 vs. T1a: HR=2.88, 95%CI: 1.00 to 8.28, P=0.049) and nuclear grade (G3 to 4 vs. G1: HR=2.81, 95%CI: 1.01 to 7.82, P=0.048) were independent prognostic factors of localized renal cell carcinoma after partial nephrectomy. Conclusions: The long-term cancer-specific survival rates of patients with localized renal cancer after partial nephrectomy are satisfactory. The type of operation (open, laparoscopic, or robotic) has no significant effect on survival. However, patients with older age, higher nuclear grade, and higher T stage have a lower cancer-specific survival rate. Grasping surgical indications, attaching importance to preoperative evaluation, perioperative management, and postoperative follow-up, could benefit achieving satisfactory long-term survival.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 220-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the diagnostic value of 6 conventional physical examination tests for the diagnosis of supraspinatus tendon tears, and how well they could tell the difference between partial-and full-thickness tears.@*METHODS@#A total of 91 patients with different shoulder symptoms who received shoulder arthroscopic procedure were enrolled in the study from June 2017 to September 2020. The intraoperative findings were compared with the results of the preoperative physical examination of 6 clinical tests, including the Hug-up test, the Jobe test, the 0°abduction test, the drop arm test, the Neer test, and the Hawkins test, to determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, accuracy, positive and negative likelihood ratio of each test.@*RESULTS@#By arthroscopy, a total of 44 full-thickness tears, 34 partial-thickness tears, and 13 intact supraspinatus tendons were found in all 91 cases. The Hug-up and the Jobe tests significantly correlated with the intraoperative findings. The sensitivity of the Hug-up test, the Jobe test, the 0° abduction test, the drop arm test, the Neer test, and the Hawkins test was 0.90, 0.79, 0.64, 0.42, 0.49, 0.24 respectively;the specificity was 0.61, 0.69, 0.54, 0.38, 0.31, 0.77;the positive predictive value was 0.93, 0.94, 0.89, 0.80, 0.81, 0.86;the negative predictive value was 0.50, 0.36, 0.20, 0.10, 0.09, 0.14;the accuracy was 0.86, 0.78, 0.63, 0.42, 0.46, 0.32;the positive likelihood ratio was 2.30, 2.58, 1.39, 0.69, 0.71, 1.06;and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.16, 0.30, 0.67, 1.50, 1.65, 0.98.@*CONCLUSION@#The Jobe test and the Hug-up test are both effective at accurately diagnosing supraspinatus tendon tears, the Hug-up test detects supraspinatus tears with a high sensitivity, and similar specificity. The tests assessed in this study are not capable of distinguish between partial-and full thickness supraspinatus tendon tears.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Physical Examination/methods , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendons
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 401-420, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939907

ABSTRACT

Bacterial surface glycans perform a diverse and important set of biological roles, and have been widely used in the treatment of bacterial infectious diseases. The majority of bacterial surface glycans are decorated with diverse rare functional groups, including amido, acetamidino, carboxamido and pyruvate groups. These functional groups are thought to be important constituents for the biological activities of glycans. Chemical synthesis of glycans bearing these functional groups or their variants is essential for the investigation of structure-activity relationships by a medicinal chemistry approach. To date, a broad choice of synthetic methods is available for targeting the different rare functional groups in bacterial surface glycans. This article reviews the structures of naturally occurring rare functional groups in bacterial surface glycans, and the chemical methods used for installation of these groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Infections , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Structure-Activity Relationship
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 387-392, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929269

ABSTRACT

Most bacterial cell surface glycans are structurally unique, and have been considered as ideal target molecules for the developments of detection and diagnosis techniques, as well as vaccines. Chemical synthesis has been a promising approach to prepare well-defined oligosaccharides, facilitating the structure-activity relationship exploration and biomedical applications of bacterial glycans. L-Galactosaminuronic acid is a rare sugar that has been only found in cell surface glycans of gram-negative bacteria. Here, an orthogonally protected L-galactosaminuronic acid building block was designed and chemically synthesized. A synthetic strategy based on glycal addition and TEMPO/BAIB-mediated C6 oxidation served well for the transformation of commercial L-galactose to the corresponding L-galactosaminuronic acid. Notably, the C6 oxidation of the allyl glycoside was more efficient than that of the selenoglycoside. In addition, a balance between the formation of allyl glycoside and the recovery of selenoglycoside was essential to improve efficiency of the NIS/TfOH-catalyzed allylation. This synthetically useful L-galactosaminuronic acid building block will provide a basis for the syntheses of complex bacterial glycans.


Subject(s)
Carbohydrates , Glycosides , Oligosaccharides , Oxidation-Reduction , Polysaccharides/chemistry
5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 410-413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of descending aortic translocation in relieving the compression of trachea or bronchus caused by aortic deformity.Methods:From January 2017 to July 2019, a total of 11 patients with distal trachea or proximal bronchial stenosis caused by aortic deformity were treated with descending aortic translocation. Cardiac CT and fiberoptic bronchoscopy were performed before surgery. The median age was 55(23-540) days, and the body weight was 4(2.1-9.0)kg. Five patients had a special type of vascular ring(left aortic arch with right descending aorta, small aortic window with funnel chest; left aortic arch with right descending aorta and right artery ligament, vagus right subclavian artery, combined with trachea, carina and left and right bronchial stenosis in 1 case; Right aortic arch with left descending aorta, combined with tracheomalacia stenosis in 1 case; Right aortic arch with left descending aorta combined with broad tracheal stenosis and left pulmonary dysplasia in 1 case) compressed tracheal or bronchial tube in 5 cases. Three patients with left main bronchus constriction after traditional arch disconnection surgery. 3 patients with left main bronchus stenosis before coarctation or interrupted aortic arch.Surgical methods: Descending aortic translocation was performed through a midline sternotomy with cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermia.The proximal descending aorta was transected distal to the left subclavian artery, proximal sutures were performed, and the distal brought up though the transverse sinus caudad to the right pulmonary artery and tracheal carina, and anastomosed in end-to-end fashion to the ascending aorta, and simultaneous correction was performed with intracardiac malformations, such as airway plasty was performed at the same time without improvement after compression of tracheal stenosis.Results:There was no death in the whole group. Median cardiopulmonary bypass was 180(136-337)min with an median aortic cross-clamp time of 51(30-84)min; Median absence of perfusion to the descending thoracic aorta 34(21-50)min .Tracheal compression was effectively relieved in 5 patients, and airway plasty was performed simultaneously in 6 patients due to persistent tracheal softening and stenosis. All patients had resolution of symptoms.There was only one case anastomotic stenosis after descending aortic translocation.The mean follow-up was(18.0±9.4)months.Conclusion:Descending aortic translocation can effectively relieve this kind of pressure due to aortic deformity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1503-1512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a new grading system-the posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity (PLICS) score for subaxial cervical spine injury, and evaluate its value in guiding the approach selection for subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:All of 394 cases of subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation who received single anterior reduction and fixation in our hospital from January 2002 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 354 cases were finally included in this study. The Patients experienced internal fixation failure, postoperative kyphosis or interspinal process space dilation during follow-up were included into the failure group. Other patients were included into the successful group. The difference of visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), ASIA score and PLICS score before and after surgery between the two groups was compared respectively. The PLICS score is composed of left, right and posterior columns. The injury of the posterior column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. The evaluation of lateral column injury included ligament and bone structure. The evaluation of ligament injury included: 1 point for the subluxation of the facet joint, 2 points for the dislocation or the facet joint; Fractures of the lateral column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. For the evaluation of the lateral column, the highest score of ligament or bone structure injury was reflected as the score of posterior column injury and was taken into the calculation of the final PLICS score.Results:All 354 patients had complete follow-up data, and the average follow-up time was 18.0±4.0 months, including 339 patients of successful group and 15 patients of failure group. At the 12 month follow-up, the average VAS score of the patients in the successful group decreased from 6.9±0.6 before the operation to 1.9±0.6 ( t=22.481, P<0.0001), and the average VAS score of the patients in the failure group decreased from 5.6±1.0 to 1.1±0.3 ( t=77.252, P<0.0001). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The NDI score of the successful group was significantly lower than that of the failure group (7.1%±1.2% vs 15.7%±2.7%, t=24.993, P<0.0001). PLICS score in two groups of patients were analyzed. There was a significant difference in PLICS scores between the two groups ( t=8.777, P<0.0001). According to the PLICS score, the ROC operating curve of the failure of internal fixation after anterior-only surgery was determined. The area under the curve was 0.981, and the 95% confidence interval was 0.943, 1.000. When the PLICS score was 6.5, the maximum value of the Jordan index was 0.927, the sensitivity was 0.994, and the specificity was 0.067. Considering the clinical practicality of PLICS score and the different clinical outcomes of the sub-classification groups of the PLICS score=7, we finally set the threshold as PLICS score=7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture. Conclusion:The PLICS score is based on the anatomy of the posterior three-column structure of the subaxial cervical spine. It gives consideration to the bony structures, including bilateral lateral mass, spinous process, lamina, and the ligament structures. What's more, the overall damage severity of the posterior three columns of the subaxial cervical spine was quantified according to the evaluation of the injury characteristics of each column of ligament-bone structure. In this study, PLICS score and clinical efficacy were compared between two groups of patients, and it was finally determined that when PLICS score ≥7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture, the risk of internal fixation failure is higher for anterior-only approach surgery alone. For these patients, anterior and posterior approach surgery may be considered.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 676-681, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the effects of preoperative intravenous injection of tranexamic acid and postoperative local use of elastic bandage on blood loss in complex tibial plateau fractures (Schatzker types Ⅴ-Ⅵ).Methods:A sequence randomly generated by computer was used to randomize a cohort of 40 patients into 2 groups who were to receive surgery at Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Hong Hui Hospital from June 2018 to January 2019 for complex tibial plateau fractures. They were 24 men and 16 women, aged from 35 to 55 years (average, 46.0 years). In group A, intravenous injection of normal saline was conducted 5 to 10 min before surgical incision and no elastic bandage was used after surgery. In group B, a dose of 15 mg/kg tranexamic acid was intravenously given 5 to 10 min before surgical incision and elastic bandage was used to bandage the knee with compression after surgery. The 2 groups were compared in terms of total blood loss, hidden blood loss, transfusion rate, 48-h drainage flow, venous thromboembolism, postoperative wound complications, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), and D-dimer value 24 h after surgery.Results:There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in age, gender, body mass index, smoking history, concomitant medical conditions, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, preoperative hemoglobin, preoperative hematocrit, preoperative D-dimerization or fibrin degradation products, showing comparability ( P>0.05). In groups A and B, hemoglobin values 24 h after surgery were 104.6 g/L ± 10.4 g/L versus 113.3 g/L ± 11.9 g/L, drainage volumes 48 h after surgery 277.1 mL ± 229.2 mL versus 207.1 mL ± 124.3 mL, hidden blood loss volumes 318.0 mL ± 83.4 mL versus 266.2 mL ± 60.9 mL, total blood loss volumes 792.8 mL ± 202.8 mL versus 692.2 mL ± 124.9 mL, D-dimer values 24 h after surgery 5.1 mg/L ± 1.3 mg/L versus 4.1 mg/L ± 0.7 mg/L, postoperative VAS scores 5.2 ± 0.9 versus 3.9 ± 1.1, lower limb cross-section diameters 24 h after surgery 35.5 cm ± 3.0 cm versus 34.4 cm ± 2.6 cm, lower limb cross-section diameters 72 h after surgery 33.8 cm ± 2.1 cm versus 32.8 cm ± 2.3 cm, postoperative rates of wound ecchymosis hematoma 20.0% (4 cases) versus 0 (0 cases), and hospital stays 6.6 d ± 1.0 d versus 6.2 d ± 1.2 d. There were significant differences between the 2 groups in all the above items ( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in incidence of postoperative DVT, pulmonary embolism or other wound complications ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative intravenous injection of tranexamic acid and postoperative local use of elastic bandage is reasonable and safe for complex tibial plateau fractures, because it significantly reduces intraoperative blood loss but does not increase the risk of venous thromboembolism, and thus has a positive role in accelerating the recovery of patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 628-632, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827205

ABSTRACT

D-Glycero-D-mannno-heptose 1β, 7-bisphosphate (HBPβ) is an important intermediate for constructing the core structure of Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharides and was reported as a pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) that regulates immune responses. HBPβ with 3-O-amyl amine linker and its monophosphate derivative D-glycero-D-mannno-heptose 7-phosphate (HP) with 1α-amyl amine linker have been synthesized as candidates for immunity study of HBPβ. The O3-amyl amine linker of heptose was installed by dibutyltin oxide-mediated regioselective alkylation under fine-tuned protecting condition. The stereoselective installation of 1β-phosphate ester was achieved by NIS-mediated phosphorylation at low temperature. The strategy for installation of 3-O-amyl amine linker onto HBP derivative can be expanded to the syntheses of other conjugation-ready carbohydrates bearing anomeric phosphoester.

10.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 785-792, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851392

ABSTRACT

Cynanchi Bungei Radix is a precious Chinese meteria medica of tonifying kidney, benefiting liver, keeping fit, and preventing senility, which also has the pharmacological effect of cancer prevention and anticancer. C21 steroids glycosides are considered as one of its main anticancer active components. In this paper, the main types of C21 steroids and glycosyl groups, the main antitumor mechanism of C21 steroidal glycosides, the effect of C21 steroidal glycosides on different tumors and the influencing factors, and the toxicological research status of C21 steroidal glycosides were reviewed, which can provide references for the following research of C21 steroidal glycosides in Cynanchi Bungei Radix.

11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 202-212, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771317

ABSTRACT

The Chinese space station will be built around 2020. As a national space laboratory, it will offer unique opportunities for studying the physiological effects of weightlessness and the efficacy of the countermeasures against such effects. In this paper, we described the development of countermeasure systems in the Chinese space program. To emphasize the need of the Chinese space program to implement its own program for developing countermeasures, we reviewed the literature on the negative physiological effects of weightlessness, the challenges of completing missions, the development of countermeasure devices, the establishment of countermeasure programs, and the efficacy of the countermeasure techniques in American and Russian manned spaceflights. In addition, a brief overview was provided on the Chinese research and development on countermeasures to discuss the current status and goals of the development of countermeasures against physiological problems associated with weightlessness.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Program Evaluation , Space Flight , Weightlessness , Weightlessness Simulation
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 937-947, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664789

ABSTRACT

Objective:Vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) was found within the membranes and internal organelles of a vast array of eukaryotic cells,and was related to various kinds of highly metastatic tumors.LASS2/TMSG1 gene was a novel tumor metastasis suppressor gene cloned from human prostate cancer cell line PC-3M in 1999 by our laboratory.It was found out that protein encoded by LASS2/TMSG1 could interact with the c subunit of V-ATPase (ATP6V0C).In this study,To use RNA interference to suppress the expression of ATP6V0C and try to further investigate the molecular mechanism of ATP6V0C in tumor metastasis and its relationship with LASS2/TMSG1 gene.Methods and Results:The expression level of ATP6V0C mRNA and protein in high metastatic potential prostate cancer cell lines (PC-3M-1E8 and PC-3M) was significantly higher than that in low metastatic potential prostate cancer cell lines (PC-3M-2B4 and PC-3),the expression level in PC-3M-1E8 being the highest.Follow-up tests selected PC-3M-1E8 cells for gene silencing.The expression and secretion of MMP-2 and the expression of MMP-9 in ATP6V0C siRNA transfected PC-3M-1E8 cells displayed no obvious change,but the activity of secreted MMP-9 was abated noticeably compared with the controls (P < 0.05).Extracellular hydrogen ion concentration and V-ATPase activity in interference group were both reduced significantly compared with the controls (P < 0.05).The migration and invasion capacity of ATP6V0C siRNA interfered cells in vitro were diminished significantly compared with the controls (P < 0.05).Furthermore,a dramatic reduction of LASS2/TMSG1 mRNA and protein level after transfection of siRNA in PC-3M-1 E8 cells was discovered (P < 0.05).Confocal immunofluorescence showed a vast co-localization of ATP6V0C protein and LASS2/TMSG1 protein in plasma and membrane.The co-localization signals of control group were much stronger than those of interference group.Conclusion:Specific siRNA silencing of ATP6V0C gene inhibits the invasion of human prostate cancer cells in vitro by mechanism of inhibiting V-ATPase activity and then reducing the extracellular hydrogen ion concentration,inhibiting MMP-9 activation and affecting ECM degradation and reconstruction.Meanwhile,ATP6V0C and LASS2/TMSG1 have interaction and it is likely that ATP6V0C functions as a feedback regulator of LASS2/TMSG1.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 340-344, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608772

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of echocardiography in evaluation of pulmonary venous in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC).Methods Fifty-five children with TAPVC were enrolled in the study.The data of echocardiography and CT angiography were retrospectively analyzed and compared with intraoperative findings.Results Totally 55 patients with TAPVC were classified into supra-cardiac type (n=24),cardiac type (n=20),infra-cardiac type (n=7) and mixed type (n=4) according to the sites of drainage of pulmonary venous in echocardiography.In 15 patients with obstruction of pulmonary vertical vein,the sites of obstruction in the supra-cardiac type mostly presented between vertical vein and superior vena cava or innominate vein,and the sites of obstruction in the infra-cardiac presented all between vertical vein and hepatic or portal vein.In 4 patients with pulmonary vein stenosis,3 cases with local pulmonary vein stenosis were all cardiac type,which presented between individual pulmonary vein and common confluence or right atrium;1 patient with diffuse pulmonary vein stenosis was infra-cardiac type.In 9 patients of abnormal individual pulmonary vein,8 cases were not detected by echocardiography,but all were detected by CT angiography.Conclusion Echocardiography is able to make more comprehensive evaluation for the pulmonary venous drainage,obstruction,and proximal stenosis of individual pulmonary vein in TAPVC.CT angiography is superior in evaluation of abnormalities of connection and amount of individual pulmonary vein,and imaging of distal pulmonary vein.

14.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 773-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668596

ABSTRACT

About 25 years ago,we had pioneered the research fields of developing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) fusion/entry inhibitors and anti-HIV peptide drugs.Over the past six years,we have gained some promising results in research and development of the HIV,Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-COV),the Ebola virus (EBOV),and the Zika virus (ZIKV) entry inhibitors.This article provides an overview of the research progress of viral entry inhibitors against the related highly pathogenic viruses.

15.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 104-110, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182833

ABSTRACT

The activities on the inhibition of NO on LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages were investigated in this work. A simple and sensitive method has been developed and validated for fingerprinting analysis of leaves of Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. Smith (AGS). The cytotoxicity and inhibition of NO on LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells of the extract and triterpenoids were determined. Optimal conditions of HPLC analysis were established as follows. The separation was performed with an ODS-C18 column at 30 degrees C, the detected wavelength was 210 nm, the flow rate was 1 mL/min, and the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile (0.05% phosphoric acid) -0.05% phosphoric acid solution with gradient elution. Our results showed that impressic acid and acankoreaogenin was more effective on the inhibition of NO than the methanol extract and other compounds. There were seventeen peaks coexisted with similarities above 0.95 and nine lupane-triterpenoids including acankoreaogenin and impressic acid detected and identified. The result of anti-inflammatory activities provides a potential explanation for the use of AGS leaves as a herbal medicine in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Our results also show that acankoreanogenin and impressic acid may be potentially useful in developing new anti-inflammatory agents. In addition, the fingerprint chromatography clearly illustrated and confirmed the material basis for the anti-inflammatory activities of this plant.


Subject(s)
Eleutherococcus , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chromatography , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dermatoglyphics , Herbal Medicine , Macrophages , Methanol , Plants
16.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 196-204, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221416

ABSTRACT

Nineteen compounds, including one organic acid (1), one anthraquinone (2), one amide (3), and sixteen triterpenoid saponins (4 - 19) were isolated from the leaves of Acanthopanax henryi (Oliv.) Harms (Araliaceae). Their structures were determined on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral analyses (HR-MS and NMR). Among them, compounds 2, 3, 7, 12 and 19 were new within Araliaceae. Compounds 4, 5, 9 - 11, 13, 14, 16 and 18 were reported for the first time from the Acanthopanax genus. Except for compounds 4 and 9, other compounds were isolated from A. henryi (Oliv.) Harms for the first time. The rare anthraquinone, compound 2, significantly decreased the production of NO and the levels of other inflammatory factors, such as TNF-alpha and IL-6, in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. This is the first time to report anti-inflammatory effect of this compound.


Subject(s)
Eleutherococcus , Araliaceae , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Nitric Oxide , Saponins , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
17.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 695-699, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of TREM-1 in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion from lipopolysaccharide-induced mice macrophage cell lines RAW264.7. METHODS: Designing and synthesizing small interfering RNA (siRNA) with high intangerference ratio, then constructing pLKO1.1-puro-TREM-1 The mice macrophage cell lines RAW264.7 were divided into four groups: control group (control); lipopolysaccharide group (LPS); empty plasmid group (pLKO1.1) - just transfected with pLKO1.1; interference group (siRNA) - transfected with pLKO1.1-puro-TREM1.24 h after stimulation with LPS, real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA levels of TREM-1, TNF-α and IL-1β respectively. The concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β were assayed by ELISA. RESULTS: In siRNA group, the mRNA levels of TREM-1, TNF-α and IL-1β were decreased significantly (P<0.01): moreover, the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β were lower than other groups significantly (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Small interfering RNA may reduce TNF-α, IL-1β secretion in LPS-induced macrophage 264.7 through inhibiting the expression of TREM-1 gene.

18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1087-1090, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319472

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on oxygenation function in adult patients with balanced anesthesia by propofol-fentanyl under one-lung ventilation (OLV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-two patients undergoing thoracic operation were randomly divided into the study group and control group, both receiving propofol and fentanyl balanced anesthesia. In the study group, additional infusion of dexmedetomidine (0.3 µg/kg loading dose, 0.3 µg·kg(-1)·h(-1) maintenance dose) was administered, and the patients in the control group received only normal saline. Arterial blood samples were obtained at 4 time points from each patient during anesthesia for blood gas analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the study group, the pH values remained stable, the oxygenation index tended to decline progressively, but the incidence of hypoxemia was low; in the control group, the pH value and oxygenation index both declined progressively with a higher incidence of hypoxemia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dexmedetomidine can better maintain the oxygenation function of OLV patients in balanced anesthesia by propofol and fentanyl, and its mechanism may be related to the decreased dose of propofol used.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Balanced Anesthesia , Blood Gas Analysis , Dexmedetomidine , Pharmacology , Fentanyl , One-Lung Ventilation , Propofol
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 759-764, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253896

ABSTRACT

Based on comprehensive arrangement and analysis of edition origin and development, system, characteristic, archive holding situation of Zhenjiu Fengyuan (Source of Acupuncture and Moxibustion writlen) by LI Xue-chuan in Qing dynasty, the error and mistakes in Summary of TCM Ancient books in China, Union Catalog of TCM Books and Grand Chinese Dictionary of Medical Books are pointed out. On the other hand, under full evaluation and comparison among three types of block-printed editions, Dihua Caotang edition in 2 years of Daoguang emperor, Qing Dynasty (about 1822) that is collected in the library of Beijing University of CM is considered as good edition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Education , History , Books , History , China , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , Moxibustion , History , Reference Books, Medical
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 311-312,315, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598116

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the application of the mini-mental status examination (MMSE)cognitive assessment in the patients with brain glioma before and after surgery. Methods Using MMSE,36 pastients with primary brain glioma were subjected to the cognitive assessment before surgery, after surgery,and 3 monthsr after surgery. Results The quantitative cognitive assessments with MMSE before surgery revealed the hidden cognitive dysfunction patients.The quantitative cognitive assessments after surgery showed that surgeons might need to protect the non-function area and to form the idea of cognitive function in patients with glioma.Conclusion MMSE assessment is a simple,understandably,and convenient method having good compliance of patient. It may be effectively used to assess cognitive impairment for patients with glioma and worth being studied continuously and used widely in the clinic practice.

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