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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Yishen Tongluofang in treating oligosperm type male infertility with kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and explore its effect on serum sex hormones and seminal plasma microenviro. Method:One hundred and four patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 52 cases each. Patients in control group took compound Xuanju capsules orally, 3 capsules/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group took Yishen Tongluofang, 1 dose/day. Treatment courses continued three months and followed up for three months in both groups. The pregnancy situations of spouses within six months were recorded. Examination of semen parameters before and after treatment and score of kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were conducted. The levels of seminal plasma zinc, fructose, elastase, acid phosphatase and <italic>α</italic>-glucosidase, serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRT) and testosterone (T) were detected before and after treatment. Result:During the observation period of six months, the pregnancy rate of spouses in the observation group was 22.00%, higher than 10.00% in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=2.678,<italic>P</italic>>0.05). The clinical efficacy in the observation group was better than that of the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.326,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Sperm concentration, sperm motility, sperm motility, normal morphological sperm and linear movement speed of the observation group were all superior to those of the control group<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of zinc and fructose in seminal plasma of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the score of kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was lower than that of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Serum FSH, LH and PRT levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the T level was higher than that in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The seminal plasma elastase of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, while the levels of acid phosphatase and <italic>α</italic>-glucosidase were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Yishen Tongluofang can significantly improve sperm parameters, regulate the level of sex hormones and seminal plasma environment in patients with oligosperm type male infertility, and improve the tendency of spouse pregnancy. Its clinical efficacy is better,so it is worthy of further research and application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of modified Zengyetang in treating slow transit constipation (STC) due to Qi-Yin deficiency and its effect on gastrointestinal function. Method:One hundred and thirty eligible patients were randomly divided into a control group (<italic>n</italic>=65, 6 cases dropped out or were lost to follow-up and 59 completed the trial) and a treatment group (<italic>n</italic>=65, 3 cases dropped out or were lost to follow-up and 62 completed the trial). Patients in the control group received oral mosapride citrate dispersible tablets, 5 mg per time, three times per day, while those in the treatment group were treated with modified Zengye Tang, one bag per day, for four successive weeks. The main symptom constipation, the Patient Assessment of Constipation Symptoms (PAC-SYM), and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome scores, colonic transit, as well as motilin (MTL), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and substance P (SP) levels before and after treatment were recorded, together with the frequency of spontaneous complete bowel movements (SCBMs) per week and STC recurrence during treatment. Result:The clinical efficacy (95.16%) of the treatment group was higher than that (81.36%) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.631 4, <italic>P</italic><0.05), whereas the recurrence rate (30.65%) of the treatment group was significantly lower than that (57.63%) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=8.941 1, <italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment, the main symptom constipation, three sub-scale and total PAC-SYM, and TCM syndrome scores in the treatment group were obviously decreased as compared with those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The proportions of residual markers at 24, 48, and 72 h in the treatment group declined in contrast to those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The frequency of SCBMs per week in the 2<sup>nd</sup>, 3<sup>rd</sup>, and 4<sup>th</sup> weeks of the treatment group was higher than that in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the control group after treatment, the treatment group exhibited significantly elevated MTL and SP but lowered VIP (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Modified Zengyetang relieves the clinical symptoms, regulates gastrointestinal hormone secretion, increases the frequency of SCBMs, enhances colonic transit, and decreases the recurrence of patients with STC due to Qi-Yin deficiency.

3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 154-159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816843

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the protective effect of Yishen Tongluo Recipe (YTR) against aberrant sperm DNA methylation in male rats exposed to benzo(a)pyrene (BaP).@*METHODS@#Thirty male SD rats of the SPF grade were randomly divided into three groups of equal number: solvent control, BaP exposure and YTR intervention. The animals of the solvent control group were injected intraperitoneally with 0.5% DMSO while those of the other two groups with BaP at 0.1 mg/kg/d, all for 60 days, and at 31 days of BaP exposure, those of the YTR group were treated intragastrically with YTR for 30 days. Then, the left epididymides were harvested from all the rats and sperm suspensions collected and centrifuged for extraction of sperm DNA. The methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeDIP-seq) technique was used to detect the whole-genome DNA methylation in different groups.@*RESULTS@#Exposure to BaP induced the up-regulation of 828 genes encoding mRNA in the sperm DNA, while YTR intervention produced a significant protective effect on the transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3), cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and recombination activating gene 1 (RAG1), and down-regulated the expressions of 3 227 genes. BaP exposure also caused the up-regulation of 783 genes encoding lncRNA in the sperm DNA, and YTR treatment exhibited an evident protective effect on 62 of the up-regulated genes, induced the down-regulation of 3 378 genes, and showed a protective effect on 56 of the down-regulated genes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#YTR has a protective effect against aberrant sperm DNA methylation in male rats exposed to BaP, which may be associated with lncRNA.

4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1020-1024, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and feasibility of testis-sparing surgery (TSS) in the treatment of testicular tumor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 8 cases of benign testicular tumor treated by TSS in our hospital from October 2005 to March 2012.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 8 patients, aged 18-67 (mean 45) years, were preoperatively diagnosed with benign testicular tumor and all underwent partial testis resection. Rapid intraoperative pathology showed the incisal margins to be negative. Postoperative pathological examination confirmed Sertoli cell tumor in 3 cases, adenomatoid tumor in another 3, and mature teratoma in the other 2. The patients were followed up for 6 months to 7 years (mean 4 years), which revealed no relapse and metastasis, nor significant differences from the baseline in the testosterone level, IIEF score, and routine semen parameters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Testis-sparing surgery is one of the effective options for the management of benign testicular tumor, which can maximally preserve the testis tissue and protect the patient's sexual function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Organ Sparing Treatments , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Sertoli Cell Tumor , Pathology , General Surgery , Teratoma , Pathology , General Surgery , Testicular Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Testis
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 619-622, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and feasibility of glans-preserving surgery in the treatment of superficial penile cancer (SPCa).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 21 cases of SPCa treated by glans-preserving surgery in our hospital from January of 2003 to March of 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The study included 21 SPCa patients aged 36 to 57 (mean 46) years, with superficial lesions involving the glans penis, coronary sulcus or shaft skin. The tumors were staged and graded TaG1 in 6 cases, TaG2 in 5, TisG1 in 2, TisG2 in 4, T1G1 in 3, and T1G2 in 1. All the patients underwent glans-preserving surgery to preserve the normal appearance and functional integrity of the glans penis, and all returned to normal sexual activity 1 month after operation, with good sexual function and sexual satisfaction. Postoperative follow-up lasted 2 to 7 (mean 5) years, and 2 cases of recurrence in situ found at 6 and 9 months, respectively, which were successfully managed by a second glans-preserving surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Glans-preserving surgery is an effective method for superficial penile cancer. With proper selection of the patients, this procedure is technically safe, maximally preserves the penile appearance, and least affects the patients' sexual satisfaction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Neoplasms , General Surgery , Penis , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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