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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 485-488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876345

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Teen E sports and their negative impact should not be underestimated. The effects of gaming, as an emerging sport, should be examined to determine whether it plays an active role in contributing to the onset of adolescent depression. Therefore, this study outlines the development status of E sports, analyzes the influence of E sports on adolescent depression, and highlights the hidden concerns that E sports pose for the mental health development of adolescents. While taking into account the advantages of E sports and exercise intervention programs, an emphasis should be placed on the prevention of depression, and feasible suggestions and countermeasures should be put forward to promote E sports, while at the same time safeguarding the healthy and orderly development of adolescent mental health.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 338-341, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the clinical outcome of finger replantation in Tibetan plateau.Methods:From August, 2018 to August, 2019, a total of 12 patients with 15 amputed digits treated in the Department of Emergency of Lasa People’s Hospital. All these cases were performed replantation without exclusion, including 4 cases of machine-mangled injury, 3 cases of steel rope crushing injury, 4 cases of electric saw injury, and 1 case of rotation avulsed injury. Replantations were performed under microscope by a fresh team of microsurgery surgeons. Antibiotics, anticoagulants and vasodilators were prescribed postoperatively. Application of oxygen inhalation through nasal tube and warm room temperature were advised. Tabaco and coffin were strictly forbidden postoperatively. All patients were regular followed-up after operation.Results:Twelve out of total 15 amputed digits successfully replanted, 3 digits turned to necrosis eventually. The survival rate was 80% (12/15). All cases were followed up for 4-16 months. According to the Functional Evaluation Standard of Replantation by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the results were excellent in 3 digits, good in 7 digits, fair in 1 digit, poor in 4 digits. The excellent and good rate was 66.6%(10/15).Conclusion:In this group, the survival rate and excellent and good rate of finger replantation in Tibetan plateau is unexpected high. Thus, it is deducible that digit amputation can be successfully replanted with good functional result when meticulous microsurgical techniques are applied, although the unique adverse factors of Tibetan plateau exist.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the short-term efficacy of 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prosthesis in the treatment of primary malignant bone tumors of the pubis.Methods:From June 2017 to May 2019, a total of 5 patients with pubic primary malignant tumor received type Ⅲ hemipelvectomy and reconstruction with a 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prosthesis at Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital. They were 3 males and 2 females with an average age of 36.3 years (range, from 26 to 46 years). Of them, 3 underwent resection of the upper pubic ramus and 2 resection of both pubic rami. All their tumors were chondrosarcomas, with one case of Enneking stage Ⅱa and 4 cases of Enneking stage Ⅱb. Preoperative CT/MRI image fusion was used to determine the tumor-free resection margin, design guide templates for osteotomy and prosthesis, and simulate surgical procedures. A total of 5 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prostheses were designed, including 3 ones with an intramedullary stem to preserve partial pubis and 2 ones with a non-intramedullary stem not to preserve the pubis. The functional recovery was assessed by Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores. The prosthetic position and osseointegration were evaluated by imaging examination. Oncological outcomes and complications were recorded.Results:R0 resection and precise reconstruction were accomplished in all patients. Their intraoperative blood loss ranged from 300 to 3, 700 mL (mean, 1, 680 mL), operation time from 180 to 430 min (mean, 294 min), and follow-up time from 13 to 29 months (mean, 20.6 months). All the 5 patients were alive with no evidence of disease or tumor recurrence. The functional MSTS scores at the final follow-up ranged from 29 to 31 (mean, 29.8). One male patient complained of erectile dysfunction. Fretting wear around the prosthetic stem was found in 3 patients while bone wear on the normal pubic side in 2. Osseointegration was observed in all patients with no complications like deep infection, prosthesis dislocation, prosthetic or screw breakage.Conclusion:Since 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prostheses can result in fine short-term efficacy for pubic primary malignant bone tumors, they may be a reliable method to reconstruct pelvic malignant tumors.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797699

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To present the clinical result of a procedure using pedicle posterior interosseous perforator adipofascial flaps for the treatment of congenital proximal radioulnar synostosis (CPRUS).@*Methods@#Eight forearms (from eight patients) with CPRUS were treated by the operation during December 2013 to January 2018 at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. The average age of the children are seven years old (range: five years old to twelve years old). There were six boys and two girls. Seven forearms were classified as the Cleary type Ⅲ, and one forearm was classified as the Cleary type Ⅱ. Five children were suffered with bilateral CPRUS, and three children were unilateral. The average fixed forearm pronation angle was 43° (range: 0° to 80°). The operating procedure: a dorsal incision from olecranon to the distal 1/3 part of the middle axial of forearm was designed. Then the pedicle posterior interosseous perforator adipofascial flap was harvested. Elevated the anconeus muscle retrogradely, and the location of the osseous synostosis was exposed. Then the radial volar Henry incision just below the elbow joint crease was designed, the insertion part of the biceps brachii was exposed and elevated. The osseous synostosis was exposed and removed with the help of burr at the dorsal side. The cartilage part of the radial head was remolded. A trapeziform osteotomy was made at the site of radial tubercle due to the deformity angle of the radial shaft to reduce the dislocated radial head, then the distal and proximal part of radius was reduced and fixed with plate and screw. The pronator quadratus and the adipofascial flap were pulled to the volar side, and sutured to the deep fascia. The tendon of the biceps brachii was pulled dorsally and reattached to the radial tubercle. Postoperatively, an above-the-elbow splint was applied to keep the elbow in 90° of flexion and the forearm in 80° of supination. Three days later, the other splint was used to keep the forearm in 80° of pronation. Two splints were worn every other day alternatively. At four weeks after the operation, the ROM exercises were initiated both actively and passively, with the splints worn every other night alternatively. The splint was worn for six months.@*Results@#All patients received follow-up, the average duration of follow-up was 27 months (average: 6-48 months). The space of the proximal radioulnar joint could be seen clearly in seven patients, without the sign of recurrence of the synostosis. The synostosis was occurred in one child. Removed the synostosis part and the implant six months after operation, and placed an allograft tendon ball as the interposition tissue simultaneously. The problem was resolved successfully after that. Fingers extension weakness was happened in two patients, and recovered spontaneously and completely in three months. Limitation of elbow extension was occurred in two patients (range: 15° and 20°). The average pronation was 32.5° (range: 10°-65°), and the average supination was 31.9° (range: 10°-70°).@*Conclusions@#Using the perforator adipofascial flap pedicled with posterior interosseous vessels to treat the CPRUS is an easier method compared with classical Kanaya method . It could prevent the recurrence of synostosis effectively, and the treatment result is satisfied. The possibility of injury of the deep branch of radial nerve may be the potential problem.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 423-428, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792080

ABSTRACT

To introduce the surgical procedure of orthopaedic robot-assisted vascularised fibular grafting for the treatment of ANFH and report the short-term result. Methods From September, 2016 to November, 2018, 17 patients (21 hips) with ANFH had undergone robot-assisted free fibular grafting. There were 14 males and 3 females, of which, 8 cases were associated with the right side, 5 cases the left side, and 4 cases with both sides. The average age was 35 (ranged from 17 to 55) years. There were 7 patients suffered from idiopathic ischemic necrosis of femoral head, 4 patients who had cannulated screws fixed after a femoral neck fracture, 4 patients who had a history of alcohol consumption, 1 patient who had taken corticosteroids for 6 months to treat nephritis, and 1 patient who had a history of alcohol consumption and had also taken corticosteroids. Seventeen hips were in Ficat stage II, and 4 hips were in Ficat stage III. The orthopaedic surgical robot workstation was used to plan the entry point and target of the guide pin during the operation, to place a cannula in the optimal position. Then a bone window was created and the fibula was placed into the bone tunnel.Using fluoroscopy to monitor each step of the procedure and verify the position of the fibula. Finally, the vessels were anastomosed. The patient remain in bed completely for a week with the use of vasodilator. The follow-up was accomplished with phone call and outpatient clinic, and Harris score was evaluated. Results All 21 surgical procedures were successful. The guide pins and fibula were accurately placed according to the robot’s plan, and the tips of the fibula were placed at the centre of the load-bearing region of the femoral heads, 4 to 6 mm from the articular surface. Conventional anticoagulant, anti-infective therapy was performed after the pro-cedure. Ten patients were followed-up postoperatively more than 1 year, with an average of 15 (from 12 to 24) months. The function of the hip joint recovered smoothly for 9 patients.Frontal and lateral X-ray and CT scans showed that the tips of the fibula were placed at the centre of the load-bearing region, 4 to 6 mm from the articular surface.One patient suffered from bilateral femoral head necrosis and the right side recovered smoothly after operation.However, joint move-ment was restricted for the left hip and the pain was significant.An arthroscopic examination was performed 1 month after the operation and did not identify any problems such as intraarticular incular infection or articular surface of the femoral head was protruded by the tip of the fibula.The symptoms were alleviated after removing the osteophytes at the rim of the acetabulum.The Harris score was 62.4±13.6 before operation, and 84.5±4.5 at the last time of followed-up after opera-tion.The difference in Harris scores was statisticly significant (P<0.05). Conclusion With the assistance of an or-thopaedic robot system, the guide pin can be accurately positioned, thereby allowing the tip of the fibula to be inserted in-to the optimal anatomical position and maximising its mechanical efficacy.In theory, it is the best choice for performing fibular bone transplantation in ANFH.And the early effect of treatment is good.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 278-283, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745397

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of transferring of the obturator nerve onto the vesical branch of pelvic nerve with direct anastomosis,in order to restore the automatic micturition function of patients with bilateral lower sacral plexus injury (S2-S4).Methods Data of five patients (4 males and 1 female) with bilateral lower sacral plexus injury who had surgery from May to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The average age was 26 years old (range,23-30 years old) and the average delay from injury to operation was 10.2 months (range,7-14 months).Three patients suffered with fell off injury and two patients had car accident injury.All patients presented with continence and the urodynamics revealed flaccid neuropathic bladder with neurogenic adynamia of detrusor muscle.The vesical branch of pelvic nerve was dissected between the bladder and the ureter where it entered the bladder neck from backward to forward almost vertically.The obturator nerve was dissected along the pelvic sidewall,and the comparable bundle branch of obturator nerve was transferred onto the vesical branch of pelvic nerve with direct anastomosis.The diameter and freed length of pelvic nerve and the fascicles of the obturator nerve were measured intraoperatively,and the cutaneous sensation of medial thigh and the muscle strength of hip adduction were evaluated postoperatively.Results The surgery was performed through the traditional abdominal paramedian approach in 3 patients and through the pararectus approach in 2 patients.The vesical branch of pelvic nerve in all five patients could be revealed clearly and there was enough operative space for nerve transferring.The surgery was successful in all five patients without any complication.The donor nerves were anterior branch of obturator nerve in 2 patients,posterior branch of obturator nerve in 1 patient,2/3 fascicles of anterior branch of obturator nerve in 1 patient and 2/3 fascicles of posterior branch of obturator nerve in 1 patient.The average length and diameter of freed fascicles of obturator nerve were 2.28 cm (range,1.9-2.6 cm) and 1.36 mm (range,1.2-1.5 mm).The average length and diameter of pelvic nerve were 2.46 cm (range,2.2-2.7 cm) and 1.2 mm (range,1.1-1.3 mm).The vesical branch of pelvic nerve and the bundle branch of the obturator never were comparable and anastomosed free of tension.The sensation of medial aspect of thigh was almost normal and the muscle strength of hip adduction was M4 postoperatively.Conclusion The vesical branch of pelvic nerve can be well exposed via pararectus approach.Transferring of the fascicles of obturator nerve onto the vesical branch of pelvic nerve is feasible and safe.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692814

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the results of serum makers of transfusion-related infectious diseases in Hubei Province and the surrounding areas,in order to understand the patient′s infection status,thereby avoi-ding or reducing medical disputes,and providing reference data for the prevention and treatment of transfu-sion-related infectious diseases,especially AIDS and syphilis.Methods 60 570 pretransfusion patients from 2011 to 2016 in Hubei Province and surrounding areas were selected as the study group.Meanwhile,19 800 pretransfusion patients from 2001 to 2003 in Hubei Province and surrounding areas were selected as control group.Chemiluminescence detection was used to examine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),hepatitis B virus (HBV),hepatitis C virus (HCV) and treponema pallidum (TP) serum markers.Different period pre-transfusion patients′infection status,route of transmission and distribution characteristics of transfusion-re-lated infectious diseases were compared.Results In the study group,44 cases (0.07%) were HIV positive, and there was no statistical difference compare with the control group (P>0.05);1 091 cases were TP posi-tive (1.80%),7 607 cases were positive for HBV (12.56%),and 1 062 cases were HCV positive(1.75%), and there were statistically significant differences compared with the control group (P<0.05).In addition, there were 8 cases of HIV and TP double infection,10 cases of HIV and HBV double infection,4 cases of HIV and HCV double infection;3 cases of HIV,T P and HBV triple infection,4 cases of HIV,T P and HCV triple infection,1 case of HIV and HBV,HCV triple infection in the study group;and compared with the control group,it showed an increasing trend (P<0.05).Conclusion The status of transfusion-related infectious dis-eases in Hubei Province and surrounding areas is still severe.Some patients have been infected with HIV,TP, HBV or HCV before hospitalization,and a few have even had double or triple infection.Clinic should further strengthen the prevention and control of transfusion-related infectious diseases,especially for HIV and TP, and reduce the spread of transfusion-related infectious diseases in the general population.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct an adeno-associated vector expressing Snail "tough decoy" (TUD).Methods:The nucleotide sequence of Snail gene were obtained from GenBank,then 2 cDNAs were designed and synthesized coding expression of small hairpin RNAs for Snail genes.The pAAV-U6-shRNA-Snail-TUD-EGFP expression vector was constructed by molecular biological techniques.Then pAAV-U6-shRNA-Snail-TUD-EGFP was co-transfected with Helper Free adeno-associated virus system pAAV-RC and pAAV-Helper into AAV-293 cell line to form rAAY-U6-shRNA-Snail-TUD(shRNA-Snail).The silencing effect of shRNA-Snail in Tca8113 and Cal-27 cells was detected by RT-PCR.The titer of the virus was measured.The expression level of green fluorescent protein in AAV-293 cells was monitored by the fluorescent microscopy.Results:The result of gene sequencing showed that shRNA-Snail was successful constructed in pAAV-U6-shRNA-Snail-TUD-EGFP vector.The titer of the recombined virus was 4.4 × 1010/ml.The Snail mRNA and protein expression level was significantly reduced in Tca8113 and Cal-27 cells by rAAY-U6-shRNA-Snail-TUD-EGFP transfection.Conclusion:rAAY-U6-shRNA-Snail-TUD-EGFP may inhibite Snail gene expression in cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661442

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate diagnostic value of miRNAs for esophageal cancer .Methods Blood samples were obtained from patients with esophageal cancer .MiRNAs including miR-30a ,miR-126a ,let-7b were detected and compared with healthy con-trols .After adjusting smoking and insobriety ,Logistic regression was used to judging which was best for clinical guidance .ROC curve was used to analyzed the clinic value of these miRNAs .Results Age of the two groups had no significant difference(P>0 .05) .The levels of smoking ,alcoholism and family history of cancer in the two groups had significant difference (P<0 .05) .Two groups′miR-30a levels in plasma had no significant differences (P>0 .05) .Let-7b and miR-126a levels in plasma in patients with e-sophageal were significantly higher in healthy volunteers (P<0 .05) .After adjustment the factors of smoking and alcohol ,let-7b lev-els were associated with the risk of esophageal cancer (P<0 .05) .Area under the ROC curve was 0 .712 ,which had a certain esoph-ageal cancer diagnostic performance .Conclusion Plasma let-7b could be treated as a biomarker for the diagnosis of esophageal canc-er.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658523

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate diagnostic value of miRNAs for esophageal cancer .Methods Blood samples were obtained from patients with esophageal cancer .MiRNAs including miR-30a ,miR-126a ,let-7b were detected and compared with healthy con-trols .After adjusting smoking and insobriety ,Logistic regression was used to judging which was best for clinical guidance .ROC curve was used to analyzed the clinic value of these miRNAs .Results Age of the two groups had no significant difference(P>0 .05) .The levels of smoking ,alcoholism and family history of cancer in the two groups had significant difference (P<0 .05) .Two groups′miR-30a levels in plasma had no significant differences (P>0 .05) .Let-7b and miR-126a levels in plasma in patients with e-sophageal were significantly higher in healthy volunteers (P<0 .05) .After adjustment the factors of smoking and alcohol ,let-7b lev-els were associated with the risk of esophageal cancer (P<0 .05) .Area under the ROC curve was 0 .712 ,which had a certain esoph-ageal cancer diagnostic performance .Conclusion Plasma let-7b could be treated as a biomarker for the diagnosis of esophageal canc-er.

11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 928-932, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809644

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the possibility of posterior approach via sacrectomy for reaching intrapelvic sacral plexus and expose the deep intrapelvic origin of sciatic nerve from sacral plexus in order to perform nerve graft.@*Methods@#Five adult cadaver specimens were used in the study with prone position in May 2012. Cut off the gluteus maximus along the origins and lift to the lateral side, the piriformis was lay beneath. The sciatic nerve and the inferior gluteal nerve pierced from the infrapiriformis foramen in the operative field. Excise the origin of the piriformis via sacrectomy with osteotome and the length and width of the insertion on sacrum were measured. The piriformis was resected and then the sacral nerve roots beneath were exposed. The S2-S4 sacral nerve roots and the deep intrapelvic origin of sciatic nerve from sacral plexus were revealed after carefully dissecting. From July 2012 to June 2016, nine patients with lumbosacral plexus injury were performed surgery through the posterior approach in Department of Hand Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital.There were 6 male and 3 female patients, with a mean age of 29 years. All patients were diagnosed as upper and lower sacral plexus injury, in one of them combing with contralateral lower sacral plexus injury. The average time from injury to operation was 8.3 months.@*Results@#The length and width of the piriformis insertion on sacrum were (3.44±0.15) cm and (2.42±0.11) cm, respectively. The deep intrapelvic origin of sciatic nerve from sacral plexus in all nine patients can be revealed clearly and there was enough operative space that nerve transfer or graft can be performed through the posterior approach via sacrectomy. The total blood loss during operation was (1 822±1 523) ml.@*Conclusion@#The piriformis and part of sacrum it attached can be resected safely through the posterior approach and the deep intrapelvic sacral plexus and the origin of sciatic nerve can be well exposed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcomes of applying microvascular anastomotic coupling de-vices in solitary upper extremity artery injury repairs and to optimize parameters for optimal clinical out-come.Methods:From March to September 2013,19 injured arteries from 18 male patients who presen-ted at Department of Hand Surgery,Beijing Jishuitan Hospital with traumatic arterial lacerations of their upper extremities went through rapid repair procedures.COUPLER,a microvascular anastomotic coupling device was applied in these artery injury repair operations.The 19 repaired arteries included 3 brachial arteries,6 ulnar arteries and 10 radial arteries.After the procedures,all the 18 patients were then fol-lowed up by clinical specialists and examined with color doppler flow imaging for the effective recovery of artery circulation and upper extremities functionality.Results:The average time of artery repairs for all the 19 damaged arteries among the 18 patients was 278 s and the average follow-up time was (71.5 ± 40.9)d with the longest follow-up time as 116 d and shortest as 14 d.No patient returned to the opera-ting room after the procedures and after being dismissed from the hospital.None of the 18 cases were re-ported to have problems with circulation and thrombosis formation in their upper extremities.Color Doppler imaging showed that the arterial anastomotic site for all the 19 repaired arteries were unobstructed with artery blood spectrum at both ends.Three patients with radial artery repairs complained about mild pressure pain at the site of vascular anastomosis;while the other 15 patients all expressed satisfactory outcomes of the surgery and recovery.These evidences indicated that the outcomes of our initial evalua-tion for the solitary upper extremity artery injury repairs by using anastomotic coupling devices were posi-tive.Conclusion:Our observations have showed that microvascular anastomotic coupling devices can be used for repairing of solitary upper extremity artery injures.The procedures are quick,effective and safe. The clinical application of this microvascular anastomotic coupling device in artery injures is promising, however,additional evidences through further clinical investigation with more cases are warranted.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513952

ABSTRACT

Objective To treat complex wounds of the chest wall tuberculosis by the use of wound healing techniques (focal debridement + the VSD) and joint plastic surgery (transfer of skin flap, skin graft, flap stuffing, etc) and to explore the clinical features of the tuberculous chest wound, the feasibility and effectiveness of treatments.Methods Clinical data of 11 hospitalized patients with chest wall tuberculosis were collected during 2012-2014.The therapeutic effect, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and postoperative follow-up were retrospectively analyzed.Results Among 7 cases using lesion debridement, VSD suction drainage and local flap repair (skin grafting), 6 cases were cured.The response rate was 90.9%.All 4 cases using debridement and local flap repair (skin grafting) were cured.Only one case of recurrence was observed during the follow-up period of 3-34 months.Conclusions Using of wound healing techniques with plastic surgery is an effective treatment, which has good therapeutic effect on the wound deeply infiltrated.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 326-330, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327338

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively explore the effectiveness of surgical intervention model for repairing the tuberculosis wound with sinus tract.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-three patients with tuberculosis wound with sinus tract who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the 309th Hospital of PLA from January 2010 to October 2015. These patients were divided into test group (n=38) and control group (n=5) according to the different treatment and patient's consent. Patients in test group were treated as follows. Firstly, antituberculosis drugs were taken orally for at least 3 weeks, and the wounds were accurately assessed using magnetic resonance imaging combined with 3-dimensional reconstruction software. Then sinus tract and its surrounding devitalized tissue were completely excised, and vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) treatment with negative pressure value of -26.6 kPa was performed for 1 to 2 weeks (dressing change was performed per 7 days). Lastly, the wounds were covered through direct suture or grafting skin or flap. Patients in control group were firstly given antituberculosis drugs orally for at least 3 weeks, and then they were treated with routine dressing change in outpatient service every 3 days. After the former therapy, patients in both groups were given antituberculosis drugs by oral administration for at least 6 months and were followed up for 6 to 36 months. Detection of Bacillus tuberculosis, Acid-fast bacilli, and tuberculosis granuloma, wound healing time, and relapse of tuberculosis wound in patients of both groups were recorded. The rates of single sinus tract, two sinus tracts, and more than or equal to 3 sinus tracts of patients in test group were recorded. Data were processed with Fisher's exact test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bacillus tuberculosis was respectively detected in wounds of 5 patients in test group and 2 patients in control group. Acid-fast bacilli were positively expressed in wounds of 8 patients in test group and 3 patients in control group. A typical tuberculosis granuloma phenomenon was observed in the wounds of 27 patients in test group and 4 patients in control group. These differences in above-mentioned 3 indexes between two groups were not statistically significant (with P values respectively 0.238 4, 0.154 4, 1.000 0). The median of wound healing time of patients in test group was 19.6 d, which was significantly shorter than that in control group (94.4 d, χ(2)=12.986 0, P=0.000 3). There were 2 and 1 patients with recurrent tuberculosis wound in test group and control group respectively, without statistically significant difference (P=0.363 0). Among patients in test group, the rate of single sinus tract was 23.7%(9/38), the rate of two sinus tracts was 28.9%(11/38), and the rate of more than or equal to 3 sinus tracts was 47.4% (18/38).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Repairing the tuberculosis wound with sinus tract in surgical intervention model of antituberculosis therapy+ accurate wound assessment+ debridement+ VSD treatment+ surgical repair is beneficial to making the optimal operation plan under the premise of knowing location of sinus tract, which can reduce surgical risk.</p>


Subject(s)
Debridement , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Paranasal Sinuses , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Wound Healing
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288052

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the disease-causing mutation in a Chinese family affected with Usher syndrome type II.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All of the 11 members from the family underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examination and hearing test, and their genomic DNA were isolated from venous leukocytes. PCR and direct sequencing of USH2A gene were performed for the proband. Wild type and mutant type minigene vectors containing exon 42, intron 42 and exon 43 of the USH2A gene were constructed and transfected into Hela cells by lipofectamine reagent. Reverse transcription (RT)-PCR was carried out to verify the splicing of the minigenes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pedigree analysis and clinical diagnosis indicated that the patients have suffered from autosomal recessive Usher syndrome type II. DNA sequencing has detected a homozygous c.8559-2A>G mutation of the USH2A gene in the proband, which has co-segregated with the disease in the family. The mutation has affected a conserved splice site in intron 42, which has led to inactivation of the splice site. Minigene experiment has confirmed the retaining of intron 42 in mature mRNA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The c.8559-2A>G mutation in the USH2A gene probably underlies the Usher syndrome type II in this family. The splice site mutation has resulted in abnormal splicing of USH2A pre-mRNA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Asians , Genetics , Base Sequence , Child , China , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Pedigree , Usher Syndromes , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499910

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between hypoxia and stemness of cancer stem cells ( CSCs ) . Methods U87 cells,U251 cells and primary glioma cells were experienced hypoxia. Detected the ultrastructure of these cancer cells with transmission elec-tron microscopy;detect the cell growth with MTT assay;cell cycle and CD133 expression were detected by flow cytometry;and the cell mi-gration ablity were detected through transwell chamber assay;the colony-forming efficiency were deteced by colony-forming assay; and real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot were carried out to detect the mRNA and protein expression of markers of stem cells and their differ-entiation respectively. Results Hypoxia maintained the undifferentiated state of primary glioma cells, slowed down the growth of glioma cells which were in a relatively quiescent stage, increased the colony forming efficiency and migration of glioma cells, and increased the expression of markers of stem cells, but the expression of markers for stem cell differentiation was reduced after hypoxia treatment. Conclusion Hypoxi-a may induce the “dedifferentiation” of differentiated glioma cells which then acquire the stemness.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 840-842, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480971

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical approach of Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.Methods A total of 148 cases with Siewert Ⅱ,Ⅲ type patients were prospectively studied.The patients were divided into two groups,including transthoracic approach group (58 cases) and transabdominal approach group(90 cases).The results of surgery were compared.Patients were followed up for 2 years and survival rate were compared.Results In transthoracic approach group and transabdominal approach group,operative time ((329.5 ± 84.3) min vs.(202.4± 84.5) min,t =15.431,P < 0.001),the positive rate margin stump (8.62% vs.1.11%,x2 =5.763,P =0.012),pleural effusion (13.79% vs.2.22%,x2 =10.462,P <0.001) and pulmonary infection rate (15.52% vs 1.11%,x2 =12.574,P< 0.001) were significantly higher than transabdominal approach group,and number of lymph node dissection ((16.7 ± 4.3) vs.(22.6± 5.5),t =6.321,P =0.004) was significantly less than transabdominal approach group.In incidence of blood loss,tumor diameter,anastomotic leakage (or bleeding) and discharge time,there was no significant difference (P >0.05).One-year survival rate of transthoracic approach group was 73.24%,and 2-year survival rate was 53.43%.Oneyear survival rate of transabdominal approach group was 78.42%,and 2-year survival rate was 57.51%.Survival rate of two groups showed no significant difference (P =0.453,0.311).Conclusion Transabdominal surgical approach in Siewert Ⅱ,Ⅲ patients is better than transthoracic approach,can better carry out abdominal lymph node dissection,does not destroy the integrity of the chest,and avoid the occurrence of related complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 299-306, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669887

ABSTRACT

Objective To expore the effect of nerve repair for patients with traumatic suprascapular nerve combined with axillary nerve injuries.Methods Data of 13 cases with traumatic suprascapular nerve combined axillary nerve injuries treated by surgery from June 2003 to September 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.All the cases were males,and the average age was 28 years old.There were 2 cases of neck of scapula fracture combined with clavicle fracture,3 of floating shoulder injury,1 of humerus neck fracture combined with glenoid cavity fracture,3 of clavicle fracture,1 of acromion fracture,2 of shoulder blade fracture and 1 of atlanto-axial vertebral fractures.All the 13 cases performed isolated lost of the function of shoulder abduction and external rotation completely,and the muscle strength of deltoid,the supraspinatus and infraspinatus was M0.The electrophysiological examination showed complete denervation of axillary nerve and suprascapular nerve.The suprascapular nerve was broken in 10 cases in which 6 cases were repaired by 1 band sural nerve graft and 1 case was repaired by 1 band superficial cervical plexus,and 3 cases were irreparable because of the distal avulsion injury from the target muscle,and 3 cases were performed with neurolysis.The axillary nerve ruptured in 12 cases,in which 10 cases was repaired by 2-3 bands sural nerve graft,and fascicles selected from the median nerve were used to neurotize axillary nerve in 2 cases.The neurolysis of axillary nerve was performed at the quadrilateral space in 1 case.10 of the 13 cases had both the suprascapular nerve and axillary nerve ruptured.Results 13 cases were followed up,the follow up period was 36 to 134 months.In 7 cases,the functional recovery of shoulder abduction were 180° and the average external rotation was 56° and the muscle strength of deltoid attained M4.In 5 cases,the average shoulder abduction was 38°;the range of external rotation was-40°-30°,and the muscle strength of deltoid achieved M4 in 1 case,M3 in 2,M2 in 2.There was no improvement in 1 case.Conclusion The suprascapular nerve associated axillary nerve injury should be suspected in the patients with isolated lost the function of shoulder abduction and extemal rotation completely.Repair of axillary nerve and suprascapular nerve by nerve graft simultaneously could achieve good outcome,and early surgery should be conducted.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 772-776, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450985

ABSTRACT

Oncogenesis is a sophisticated process which is polygenic , multi-stage,and multi-step.Livin as an apoptosis inhibi-ting factor , is one of the members of apoptosis inhibiting factor family , it expresses highly in many tumor tissues , and is closely related to the occurrence and development of urological tumor .Tumor growth can be inhibited by interfering the expression of Livin in tumor tis-sue,which will reduce the resistance to apoptosis and increase the rate of cell apoptosis .In recent years , more and more attention was paid to the studies of Livin on gene targeting therapy .Further research of Livin might provide new ideas for the early diagnosis , clinical treatment and evaluation of prognosis of tumor .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444059

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anti-atherosclerosis (AS) mechanisms of Shuxinwenban granules by observing its effects on the serum level of MMP-9, the expression of VEGF and the formation of the plaques in rabbits. Methods Totally 40 healthy female and male rabbits were divided into control group, model group, Shuxinwenban granules group and Simvastatin group. Control group was treated with basic diet, and other groups were treated with high cholesterol diet for 12 weeks to make AS rabbit models. The treatment groups were given corresponding drugs by gavage for 4 weeks. The serum levels of MMP-9 in rabbits were detected by double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent method and the surface density of VEGF in the atherosclerotic plaques by immunohistochemical staining, at the same time, the pathological changes of the aorta and atheroclerotic plaques were observed. Results Compared with the model group, Shuxinwenban granules significantly decreased the serum levels of MMP-9, and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.01). Similarly, Shuxinwenban granules could significantly decrease the surface density of VEGF in atherosclerotic plaques, the difference was also statistically significant (P<0.01). Pathology showed that the intervention of Shuxinwenban granules decreased the area of atherosclerotic plaque, caused the plaque to smaller and thinner. Conclusion Shuxinwenban granules blocked the inflammatory response by inhibiting the expression of VEGF in atherosclerotic plaque and decreasing the levels of MMP-9 in serum, which lessened the formation of the atherosclerotic plaques.

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