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Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 253-263, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938711


Purpose@#Various types of trauma can cause retinal hemorrhages in children, including accidental and nonaccidental head trauma. We used animal eyes and a finite element model of the eye to examine stress patterns produced during purely linear and angular accelerations, along with stresses attained during simulated repetitive shaking of an infant. @*Methods@#Using sheep and primate eyes, sclerotomy windows were created by removing the sclera, choroid, and retinal pigment epithelium to expose the retina. A nanofiber square was glued to a 5 mm2 area of retina. The square was pulled and separated from vitreous while force was measured. A finite element model of the pediatric eye was used to computationally measure tension stresses during shaking. @*Results@#In both sheep and primate eyes, tension stress required for separation of retina from vitreous range from 1 to 5 kPa. Tension stress generated at the vitreoretinal interface predicted by the computer simulation ranged from 3 to 16 kPa during a cycle of shaking. Linear acceleration generated lower tension stress than angular acceleration. Angular acceleration generated maximal tension stress along the retinal vasculature. Linear acceleration produced more diffuse force distribution centered at the poster pole. @*Conclusions@#The finite element model predicted that tension stress attained at the retina during forcible shaking of an eye can exceed the minimum threshold needed to produce vitreoretinal separation as measured in animal eyes. Furthermore, the results show that movements that involve significant angular acceleration produce strong stresses localized along the vasculature, whereas linear acceleration produces weaker, more diffuse stress centered towards the posterior pole of the eye.

Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 19-23, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709181


Objective To analyze the correlation of serum levels of galectin-3(Gal-3), N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP),brain natriuretic peptide(BNP)and C reactive protein(CRP)with prognosis of patients with decompensated acute attack of chronic heart failure (DAACHF),and to evaluate its significance in predicting mortality during 30-day hospitalization. Methods 103 DAACHF patients admitted in Peking University First Hospital and Capital Medical University-affiliated Beijing Anzhen Hospital Department of Cardiology from July 2012 to June 2015 were divided into death group(n=53,died of DAACHF)and survival group(n=50)matched for age, gender,cardiac function during 30-day hospitalization.Serum levels of Gal-3,NT-proBNP,BNP,CRP and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire(MLHFQ)were retrospectively collected and compared on the first hospital day and 3 days,7 days,14 days after treatment.After 7 days of treatment,the serum levels of four markers were correlated with MLHFQ.The areas under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve were used for estimating efficiencies of serum levels of four markers in predicting DAACHF patients' mortality during 30-day hospitalization. Results With prolonged treatment,the scores of Gal-3,NT-proBNP,BNP,CRP and MLHFQ were gradually increased in the group of death,and gradually decreased in survival group.The scores of Gal-3,NT-proBNP,BNP,CRP and MLHFQ were higher in the death group than in control group(P<0.05)at the day of hospital admission and at 3 days,7 days and 14 days after treatment(P<0.05).On 7 days after treatment,Gal-3,NT-proBNP, BNP,and CRP were positively correlated with MLHFQ score(r=0.748,0.730,0.6872,all P<0.01),and the areas under ROC curves predicting performance for mortality during 30-day hospitalization were 0.943, 0.907,0.876,0.867,0.913 for Gal-3,NT-proBNP,BNP,CRP and MLHFQ score,respectively,all P<0.01). Conclusions Serum levels of Gal-3,NT-proBNP,BNP and CRP were positively correlated with adverse prognosis for DAACHF patients,and they may be predictors of mortality during 30-day hospitalization with sequence effect of Gal-3>NT-proBNP>BNP>CRP.And their joint monitoring is better in predicting the prognosis of patients with heart failure.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2394-2397, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697358


Cervical spondylosis belongs to the category of "arthralgia syndrome" in traditional Chinese medicine.From the number and distribution range of disease,the incidence of cervical spondylosis is yearly increasing and shows a trend of younger age.Cervical spondylosis has become one of the common diseases that seriously affect people's health.This article reviews the relevant literature of TCM nursing interventions in the rehabilitation of cervical spondylosis and explores the influence of TCM nursing interventions on patients with cervical spondylosis including tuina,cupping,moxibustion,scrapping,TCM fumigation,auricular therapy and so on,in order to provide a reference for the future practice and research of TCM nursing interventions for patients with cervical spondylosis.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 346-349, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484487


Objective To investigate the variation of multivoxel 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy(1 H-MRS)before and after continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP)treatment in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods Brain multivoxel 1 H-MRS examinations were performed in 25 cases of moderate or severe OSAHS patients before and after CPAP treat-ment,and 25 cases of healthy.The ratios of brain metabolites of the frontal lobe were recorded and analyzed respectively.To observe whether the lactate(Lac)peak appeared or not.Results In the frontal lobe,the NAA/Cr,NAA/Cho of the patients before treatment (2.021 2±0.231 2 and 1.608 8±0.257 1,respectively)was decreased compared with the healthy (2.726 8±0.607 1 and 2.445 6± 0.437 5).The NAA/Cr,NAA/Cho of the patients after treatment (2.314 0±0.312 8 and 2.01 6 4±0.424 0,respectively)was in-creased compared with the patients before treatment (2.021 2±0.231 2 and 1.608 8±0.257 1).The NAA/Cr,NAA/Cho of the pa-tients after treatment (2.314 0±0.312 8 and 2.01 6 4±0.424 0,respectively)was decreased compared with the healthy (2.726 8± 0.607 1 and 2.445 6±0.437 5),and the difierences were statistically significant (P <0.01).The Cho/Cr of the patients before treatment (1.293 2±0.261 5)was increased compared with the healthy (1.129 2±0.157 7),the difference was statistically significant(P <0.05).Lac peak was not detected in all.Conclusion Multivoxel 1 H-MRS can demonstrate sensitively the changes of brain metabolism in pa-tients with OSAHS before and after CPAP treatment,and may provide imaging evidence for clinical therapeutic effect and prognostic evaluation.

Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 662-666, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458957


Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of microport extraction of the impacted mandibular third molar removal.Meth-ods:According to the systematic review and meta-analysis,the randomized controlled clinical trials published till October 2012 were searched and collected using the method of evidence-based medicine.Results:8 clinical research papers including 1 915 subjects were collected.Complication of microport extraction(958 cases)was less than that of traditional operation(957 cases).Conclusion:Microport extraction of impacted mandibular third molar may reduce the complications.