Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 23
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 510-515, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the dynamics of plague epidemic in Spermophilus alaschanicus plague foci of Gansu Province from 1962 to 2018, and to provide evidence for plague control and prevention. Methods:The data of Spermophilus alaschanicus plague in Gansu Province from 1962 to 2018 were collected and organized from epidemic surveillance and epidemic summary. The method of descriptive epidemiology was used to analyze plague, including population (regional distribution, time distribution) and animal (geographic distribution, infected animals and vectors) epidemiology. Results:There was only one case of human plague in the Spermophilus alaschanicus plague foci of Gansu Province from 1962 to 2018. The total incidence of the disease was 26 cases, 11 cases died, the incidence rate was 29.89% (26/87), and the mortality was 42.31% (11/26). The cases were mainly distributed in Liuzhai Township and Xinyuan Township of Huining County. The outbreak occurred from July to August. Plague bacteria were isolated from the plague foci of Gansu Province during two peak epidemics of the plague among animals from 1962 to 2018. The bacteria detection area was located in 2 rural areas that were the northern area of Liuzhai in Huining County, and the neighboring Zhongtian and Fuxing in Pingchuan District. Five places were determined to be the animal epidemic sites. The endemic species were Spermophilus alaschanicus and Vulpescorsac, and the vector species were Citellophilus tesquorus mongolicus and Neopsylla abagaitui. The epidemic time of animal plague was from April to August. Totally 115 positive serum F1 antibodies were obtained. Among them, 92 positive serum samples were detected in Huining County and 23 in Pingchuan District. The positive blood coagulation sites were distributed in 11 villages, 5 towns of 2 counties (districts). The surveillance results showed that 30 species of animals belonging to 5 orders, 11 families, 5 subfamilies, and 21 genera were found in the foci, most of them were Spermophilus alaschanicus, which accounting for 69.1% (2 464/3 567) of the total species of rodents in the past years. A total of 12 482.9 hm 2 were investigated by sampling method, and 9 709 Spermophilus alaschanicus were captured, with an average density of 0.78/hm 2. Conclusions:The plague is intermittently prevalent in Gansu's Spermophilus alaschanicus plague foci. So the prevention and control strategies should be adjusted in time according to the changes. In residential areas, we should take the initiative to strengthen the monitoring of rat situation and the publicity and education of human plague prevention knowledge.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 27-32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the effects of meteorological factors on plague epidemic in Himalayana marmot plague natural foci in Subei and Sunan counties of Gansu Province. Methods:The surveillance data of plague from 1973 to 2016 in Himalayan marmot foci of Subei and Sunan counties (from Gansu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention) and the meteorological factors (rainfall, temperature, relative humidity) of current, preceding first, second and third years (the first, second and third years before the reference year, from China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System) were collected. In order to build generalized additive model (GAM), the positive rate of plague was used as dependent variable while meteorological factors of the current, preceding first, second and third years were used as independent variables. The influence of meteorological factors on plague was quantitatively analyzed by using R2.3.2 software. Results:In 2006 - 2016, compared with 1974 - 1983, the average temperature in Subei rose by 0.99 ℃, the average relative humidity rose by 3.55%RH, and the average rainfall rose by 12.16 mm; in Sunan County, the average temperature rose by 1.00 ℃, the average relative humidity rose by 2.01%RH, and the average rainfall rose by 14.60 mm. From 1973 to 2016, 11 cases of human plague with 7 cases of dead (12 cases of attack) occurred in the investigated district. The average rainfall of the preceding third year of Subei rose every 1.00 mm within a certain range, the animal plague occurred rose by 0.40%. The average relative humidity of preceding second year of Subei rose every 1.00%RH within a certain range, animal plague occurred rose by 11.66%. The average rainfall of the preceding first year of Sunan rose every 1.00 mm within a certain range, the animal plague occurred rose by 1.32%. The average relative humidity of preceding third year of Sunan rose every 1.00%RH within a certain range, animal plague occurred rose by 11.96%. The average temperature of the preceding second year of Subei, Sunan rose every 1.00 ℃ within a certain range, animal plague rose 73.17%, 70.18%, respectively.Conclusions:The occurrence and prevalence of plague in Himalayana marmot are closely related to meteorological factors, and the temperature within a certain range (but not continuously) not only promotes the epidemic of plague, but also has a lag effect. In addition, the effects of different types of climate in the same foci on the prevalence of animal plague vary.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 117-121, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744263

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between meteorological variables and the prevalence of marmot plague in the Himalayan marmot foci of Subei County,Gansu Province.Methods The surveillance data (from Gansu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention) on human plague,the meteorological factors (average rainfall,temperature,relative humidity) data (from China Meteorological Data Sharing Service Network) of the current and preceding (relative to current year as a reference) first,second and third years and meteorological factors data of the current and preceding first,second and third months in Subei of Himalayan marmot foci from 1973 to 2014 were collected.The association of positive rate of plague bacteriological detection and meteorological factors was evaluated by using SAS 9.3 software.The influence of meteorological factors on the epidemic of marmot plague was analyzed by the logistic regression analysis.Results From 1973 to 2014,6 human plague cases with 5 dead cases occurred in Subei County.The positive rate of plague bacteriological detection was positively correlated with the average relative humidity of current year and the average temperature of preceding first year (r =0.366,0.385,P < 0.05),and it was negatively correlated with the average relative humidity of preceding third year (r =-0.304,P < 0.05);the positive rate of plague bacteriological detection was positively correlated with the average rainfall of preceding first month (r =0.212,P < 0.05),and it was negatively correlated with the average relative humidity of preceding second and third months (r =-0.196,-0.201,P < 0.05).The risk factor of animal plague epidemic in marmot foci in Subei County was average temperature of current month [odds ratio (OR) =1.304,95% confidence intervals (CI):1.195-1.422],and the protective factor was average relative humidity of preceding third month (OR =0.960,95%CI:0.932-0.988).Conclusions The prevalence of marmot plague is closely associated with meteorological factors in the natural plague foci of Subei County of Gansu Province.The temperature not only plays a role in promoting the prevalence of plague,but also has a lagging effect.Therefore,the meteorological factors can be considered as a reference of the plague prevalence in Himalayan marmot plague foci.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 873-877, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824067

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of meteorological factors with the numbers of marmots and parasitic fleas in the plague foci of Himalayan marmot in Subei County and Sunan County of Gansu Province.Methods The surveillance data (from Gansu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention) of natural plague foci of Subei,Sunan of Himalayan marmot from 1982 to 2016 and the meteorological factors data (from China Meteorological Data Sharing Service Network) such as annual average temperature,rainfall and relative humidity during the same period were collected.The correlation between marmot density,body flea index and meteorological factors were analyzed by SAS 9.3 software.Based on the meteorological data as an independent variable in current year and previous 1,2,and 3 years (relative to previous 1,2,and 3 years as the reference),the marmot density as the dependent variable,the time series semiparametric generalized additive model (GAM) was established to quantitatively study the nonlinear effect of meteorological factors on the marmot density by R2.3.2 software.Results From 1982 to 2016,the marmot density in Subei County of Gansu Province was 0.29-6.63 per hectare,and the body flea index range was 0.04-4.56;the marmot density in Sunan County of Gansu Province was 1.22-7.92 per hectare,and the body flea index range was 0.06-0.42.In Subei County,the marmot density was correlated with the previous 1 year rainfall and relative humidity,respectively (r =0.43,0.36,P< 0.05),and negatively correlated with the average temperature of the year and the previous 1,3 years (r =-0.58,-0.55,-0.41,P < 0.05).In Sunan County,the marmot density was correlated with the relative humidity of the year and the previous 1 year rainfall and relative humidity,respectively (r =0.36,0.57,0.43,P < 0.05).In Subei County,the body flea index was negatively correlated with the average temperature of the year and the previous 1,2,3 years,respectively (r =-0.57,-0.43,-0.31,-0.37,P < 0.05).In Sunan County,there was a negative correlation between the body flea index and the average temperature of the year and the previous 1,2,3 years (r =-0.71,-0.46,-0.38,-0.40,P < 0.05).After controlling other influencing factors,the results of the GAM showed that for every 1 mm increase in rainfall of the year in Subei County,the marmot density increased 0.93%;for every 1% increase in relative humidity of the previous 3 year in Subei County,the marmot density increased 25.34%;for every 1 mm increase in rainfall of the previous 3 year in Sunan County,the marmot density increased 1.69%.Conclusions The numbers of marmots in the plague foci of Himalayan marmot in Subei County and Sunan County of Gansu Province are closely related to rainfall and relative humidity,and the influence has different hysteresis effects.Surface temperature is a important factor affecting the population of parasitic fleas.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 873-877, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800942

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation of meteorological factors with the numbers of marmots and parasitic fleas in the plague foci of Himalayan marmot in Subei County and Sunan County of Gansu Province.@*Methods@#The surveillance data(from Gansu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention) of natural plague foci of Subei, Sunan of Himalayan marmot from 1982 to 2016 and the meteorological factors data (from China Meteorological Data Sharing Service Network) such as annual average temperature, rainfall and relative humidity during the same period were collected. The correlation between marmot density, body flea index and meteorological factors were analyzed by SAS 9.3 software. Based on the meteorological data as an independent variable in current year and previous 1, 2, and 3 years (relative to previous 1, 2, and 3 years as the reference), the marmot density as the dependent variable, the time series semiparametric generalized additive model (GAM) was established to quantitatively study the nonlinear effect of meteorological factors on the marmot density by R2.3.2 software.@*Results@#From 1982 to 2016, the marmot density in Subei County of Gansu Province was 0.29-6.63 per hectare, and the body flea index range was 0.04-4.56; the marmot density in Sunan County of Gansu Province was 1.22-7.92 per hectare, and the body flea index range was 0.06-0.42. In Subei County, the marmot density was correlated with the previous 1 year rainfall and relative humidity, respectively (r= 0.43, 0.36, P < 0.05), and negatively correlated with the average temperature of the year and the previous 1, 3 years (r=-0.58,-0.55,-0.41, P < 0.05). In Sunan County, the marmot density was correlated with the relative humidity of the year and the previous 1 year rainfall and relative humidity, respectively (r= 0.36, 0.57, 0.43, P < 0.05). In Subei County, the body flea index was negatively correlated with the average temperature of the year and the previous 1, 2, 3 years, respectively(r=-0.57,-0.43,-0.31,-0.37, P < 0.05). In Sunan County, there was a negative correlation between the body flea index and the average temperature of the year and the previous 1, 2, 3 years (r=-0.71,-0.46,-0.38,-0.40, P < 0.05). After controlling other influencing factors, the results of the GAM showed that for every 1 mm increase in rainfall of the year in Subei County, the marmot density increased 0.93%; for every 1% increase in relative humidity of the previous 3 year in Subei County, the marmot density increased 25.34%; for every 1 mm increase in rainfall of the previous 3 year in Sunan County, the marmot density increased 1.69%.@*Conclusions@#The numbers of marmots in the plague foci of Himalayan marmot in Subei County and Sunan County of Gansu Province are closely related to rainfall and relative humidity, and the influence has different hysteresis effects. Surface temperature is a important factor affecting the population of parasitic fleas.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 526-531, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701369

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of meteorological factors on population densities of the host and the prevalence of animal plague in the natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus.Methods The surveillance data of seroprevalence rate in natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus of Gansu Province in current year,one previous year (relative to current year as a reference),as well as two and three previous years’ meteorological data such as average annual rainfall,temperature,relative humidity were collected from 1962 to 2014.SAS 9.3 software was used for correlation and regression analysis of the influencing meteorological factors on the density of Spermophilus alaschanicus and prevalence of animal plague;generalized additive model (GAM) was used for quantitative study of meteorological factors on density of Spermophilus alaschanicus;logistic regression analysis was used to study the effect of meteorological factors on prevalence of Spermophilus alaschanicus plague.Results Serum positive rate of Spermophilus alaschanicus was positively correlated with average annual rainfall of current and previous one year,and with relative humidity of current year (r =0.279,0.341,0.654,P < 0.05);serum positive rate was negatively correlated with average annual temperature of current and preceding first,second and third years (r =-0.360,-0.339,-0.273,-0.323,P < 0.05).The average annual rainfall of preceding second and third years was significantly associated with the densities of Spermophilus alaschanicus by GAM parameter estimation (t =2.88,2.42,P < 0.05).The average annual rainfall of preceding second and third years was significantly associated with the densities of Spermophilus alaschanicus by GAM nonparameter estimation (x2=31.580,13.428,P < 0.05),but the effect was nonlinear.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that average annual rainfall of preceding first year [odds ratio (OR) =2.475,95% confidence interval (C/):1.175-5.213] was risk factor for the prevalence of the animal plague in the natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus.Conclusions Rainfall is risk factor for the prevalence of the animal plague in the natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus.There is a lag effect of rainfall on the numbers of hosts and the prevalence of Spermophilus alaschanicue plague.When the rainfall in the region (not continuously) reaches a certain amount,it will provide favorable conditions for the spread of Yersinia pestis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 186-191, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701296

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between knee biomechanics and clinical manifestation in adults with Kaschin-Beck disease(KBD). Methods Three hundred and eighty-nine digital radiographic X-ray (DR)anteroposterior keen films of adult KBD patients diagnosed at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Gansu Province from Sep 2012 to Sep 2016 were taken as subjects of observation and were retrospectively reviewed. Every patient must undergo a WOMAC function evaluation for knee joint and biomechanic angle measure for the lower limbs on the DR film which included femur angle, tibial angle, femur-tibial angle and joint space angle, Insall-Salvati index (LT/LP), and LT/HI index. Then, the regression equation was built and the correlation analysis was made with multiple linear regression test. Results Three hundred and eighty-nine patients' average scores of femur angle(X1),tibial angle(X2),joint space angle(X3),femur-tibial angle(X4),LT/LP index(X5),LT/HI index (X6) and WOMAC evaluation were (76.32 ± 2.05)°, (110.65 ± 4.68)°, (4.73 ± 0.91)°, (137.56 ± 2.29)°, 0.98 ± 0.12, 1.73 ± 0.11, and (61.35 ± 7.68) scores. By multiple linear regression test, femur angle, tibial angle, femur-tibial angle,LT/LP index, and LT/HI index were selected to enter into the equation; while, joint space angle was rejected. The multiple linear regression equation was as follows: Y = - 77.307 - 6.327X6+ 1.360X1+ 1.310X5+ 0.331X4-0.147X2.The adjusted determination coefficient (R2) of the equation was 0.958. Through variance analysis, the fitted equation had statistical significance (F = 1 790.391, P < 0.05). Through two- tailed significance test, the above-mentioned 5 indexes that were adopted to enter this question were in significant correlation with WOMAC scores(P<0.05).Conclusion There is a significant correlation between knee biomechanic angle and WOMAC scoring in adults with KBD,which is reflected with the following parameters from big to small in turn:femur angle,tibial angle, LT/LP index,femur-tibial angle,LT/HI index,.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 965-968, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between fleas density of Spermophilus alaschanicue and host density as well as meteorological factors.Methods The densities of fleas of Spermophilus alaschanicue and meteorological temperature,precipitation,relative humidity data in the same period from 1977 to 2014 in plague natural foci of Spermophilus alaschanicue of Gansu Province were collected.In order to further establish the multiple linear regression and the stepwise regression analysis model,SAS 9.3 software was used to explore the linear correlation analysis between fleas index number,density of Spermophilus alaschanicue and meteorological factors.Results The average body flea index positively correlated with the density of Spermophilus alaschanicue (r =0.34,P < 0.05),in addition,hole fleas index was in negative correlation with the average temperature of the current and preceding first,second and third years (r =-0.44,-0.39,-0.45,-0.54,P < 0.01).However,hole fleas index positively correlated with the average rainfall of preceding first year (r =0.38,P < 0.05).More specifically,the monthly body flea index was negatively correlated with the average rainfall and the average temperature of current,preceding first,second,and third months,and the average relative humidity of current month (r =-0.23,-0.34,-0.43,-0.29,-0.25,-0.33,-0.36,-0.38,-0.26,P < 0.01).After multiple linear regression analysis,the following equations were obtained:body fleas index =3.983 1 + 0.695 1 × Sperrnophilus density-0.004 9 × average annual rainfall;hole fleas index =10.780 4 + 0.009 1 × average annual rainfall-0.216 2 × annual average relative humidity.Conclusions The relationship between fleas density of Spermophilus alaschanicue and the environment is complex,they have mutual connection as well as mutual restriction.Except Spermophilus density affects the number of fleas,the two most important meteorological factors which affect the flea body index are temperature and rainfall.In addition,the relationship between meteorological factors and flea body index shows somewhat lagging behind for two to three months.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 274-278, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505703

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess iodine nutritional status of lactating women and infants (0-2 years old) in six ecological regions of Gansu Province,and to provide a scientific basis for iodine supplementation of target people.Methods According to different topography and climate conditions,Gansu Province was divided into six ecological regions:the desert region,the Gobi region of Hexi Corridor,the hills and valleys region of Loess Plateau,the Zhongshan Valley of Qinling Mountains,the grassland meadow area of Gannan plateau and the Loess Plateaugully region.Totally 5 counties were selected from each ecological region,and each county was divided into five geographic locations (east,south,west,north and center).In each location,one township was identified and ten samples of lactating women and infants (0-2 years old) were selected randomly and 60 salt samples of residents were collected to determine iodine content.At the same time salt intake of 20 residents was surveyed in three townships as mentioned above.The water samples of all the centralized water supply projects were collected in each county,and one water sample of the decentralized water supply in ten townships with the largest population of each county from east,south,west,north and center locations was collected to determine iodine content.One soil sample was collected to determine iodine content in east,south,west,north and center townships of each county.The urinary iodine and water iodine levels were measured with the method for determination of iodine in urine by As3+-Ce4+ catalytic spectrophotometry (WS/T 107-2006).The direct titration method among thegeneric methods for iodide testing in salt production industry (GB/T 13025.7-2012) was used to determine the salt iodine level,and the arbitration method was adopted for quantitative determination in the case of Sichuan salt or other special salts and the salt intake was estimated based on three day weighed food record.The soil iodine was determined using the amplified colorimetric method.Results Totally 1 476 and 1 461 urine samples of lactating women and infants were collected,and the total urine iodine medians of lactating women and infants (0-2 years old) were 149.05 and 151.34 μg/L,respectively,the urine iodine median of lactating women and infants in each ecological region was at the 100-199 μg/L appropriate level.Not weaning infants urine iodine (155.32 μg/L) was higher than that of the weaning infants (146.30 μg/L),the difference was significant statistically (Z =-2.808,P < 0.05).There was a correlation between urine iodine of not weaning infants aged 0-2 years old and breastfeeding women (r =0.133,P < 0.01),and there was no correlation between weaning infants and breastfeeding women (r =0.045,P > 0.05).About 9 008 salt samples were collected,and the rates of qualified iodized salt intake in the six ecological regions were all higher than 93%.The daily salt intake per person ranged from 4.5 g to 12.6 g,in which the Loess Plateaugully region was the highest with 12.6 g and the grassland meadow area of Gannan plateau was the lowest with 4.5 g.The water iodine median of 1 513 water samples was 3.3 μg/L.The water iodine medians of the rest 4 ecological regions were all less than 5 μg/L except for the desert region (42.4 μg/L) and the Loess Plateau-gully region (30.0 μg/L) of which the median of water iodine was higher than 20 μg/L.The soil iodine median of 155 soil samples was 127 μg/kg,in which the desert region was the lowest with 78 μg/kg and the grassland meadow area of Gannan plateau was the highest with 218 μg/kg.Conclusion Lactating women and infants are in good iodine nutritional status and the present iodized salt concentration can meet the demand of iodine nutrition of lactating women and infants well.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 404-407, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620049

ABSTRACT

Objective To type Yersinia pestis isolated from Gansu Province,and to study the trend of diffreent strains in different administrative regions and different years.Methods Totally 193 strains were enrolled in this study,including 9 strains of Ganning Dauricus type,18 strains of Aerjin type,45 strains of Qilian type and 121 strains of Qingzang type.These strains were genotyped by clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR),and genotypes were named according to international standard.Genotyping by CRISPR in different administrative regions and different years of Gansu Province was explored.Results Two clusters (Ca7 and Cb4),including four genotypes (genotypes 7,22,24 and 26) were classified by CRISPR.From the point of view of origin,genotype 24 was the main genotype in Akesai 36.36% (16/44),Subei 36.17% (17/47),Yumen 50.00% (5/10) and Su'nan 38.67% (29/75);the main genotype of Xiahe and Huining was genotype 26 (4/7);the main genotype of Shandan was genotype 22 (1/1).From the point of view of time,the main genotype of Yersiniapestis in Gansu Province during the years of 1960-1969,1970-1979 and 1980-1989 was genotype 26 [53.33% (8/15),60.00% (6/10) and 48.28% (14/29)];the main genotype was genotype 22 [40.91% (18/44)] during the years of 1990-1999;and the main genotype was genotype 24 [43.16% (41/95)] during the years of 2000-2009.Conclusion Four genotypes of Yersiniapestis in Gansu Province are quite different in different administrative regions and different years.

11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 721-723, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618169

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of video- assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy in patients with isolated pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 10 patients with PAVF in the department of thoracic surgery of the first affiliated hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2010 and December 2016. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed before operation, and all patients accepted video-assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy. Results The diagnosis of PAVF was identified by CTA, with maximum diameter of tumor of 3.0- 5.0 cm. No perioperative mortality or postoperative complications were observed including bleeding, hemoptysis, serious air leakage, and bronchopleural fistula. The lesions were completely removed in all 10 patients, and no patients converted to open surgery intraoperatively. Blood gas analysis showed that oxygen partial pressure before operation, in the first day after operation and the third month after operation was (62.5 ± 6.7), (70.2 ± 4.8) and (75.4 ± 4.8) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133kPa) respectively; which was significantly increased successively (P<0.05). After a follow-up time of 3-30 months, no recurrences were observed. Conclusions Video- assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy guided by preoperative CTA and three-dimensional reconstruction is a very effective method for the treatment of isolated PAVF.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 477-481, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618080

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between patellar stability and keen clinical manifestation in adults with Kaschin-Beck disease (KBD).Methods Through a cross-sectional study in September 2016,one hundred and forty-three adult patients with KBD were asked to accept a digital radiographic X-ray (DR) which included positive and lateral slices of knee joint and axis slice of patellar.Meanwhile,every patient must undergo a Lysholm function evaluation for knee joint and morphological measurement on the DR film which included Insall index,lateral patellofemoral angle,sulcus angle,congruence angle,lateral migrating ratio of patella,and patellofemoral index.Then,the regression equation was built and the correlation analysis was made with multiple linear regression test.Results One hundred and forty-three patients' average scores of Insall index,lateral patellofemoral angle,sulcus angle,congruence angle,lateral migrating ratio of patella,patellofemoral index and Lysholm score were 1.10 ± 0.17,(14.49 ± 1.47)°,(138.08 ± 3.86)°,(11.55 ± 2.17)°,(1.34 ± 0.13)%,1.18 ±0.10,and (62.96 ± 6.11) scores.By multiple linear regression test,Insall index (X1),congruence angle (X4),lateral migrating ratio of patella (X5),and patellofemoral index (X6) were selected to enter into the equation;while,lateral patellofemoral angle and sulcus angle were rejected.The multiple linear regression equation was as follows:Y =17.529 + 15.232X5 + 0.950X4 + 15.957X6-4.224X1.The adjusted determination coefficient (R2) of the equation was 0.559.Those indexes which were selected to enter into the equation were ranked from big to small based on the impact on Lysholm as follow:congruence angle,lateral migrating ratio of patella,patellofemoral index,and Insall index.Among them,Lysholm score had a negative correlation with Insall index.Through variance analysis,F valve was 46.642,and P < 0.05,which meant the fitted equation had statistical significance.Conclusion There is significant correlation between the patellar stability and knee Lysholm scoring in adult with KBD,which is reflected with the following parameters from big to small in turn:patellofemoral index,lateral migrating ratio of patella,congruence angle and Insall index.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 26-30, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510912

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis the family management of patients with serious mental illness in Gansu prov-ince, and evaluate its effectiveness to lay the foundation for the better community-based rehabilitation management and treatment for the people with serious mental illness. Method According to Treatment-management specification of severe mental illness (2012) and specification of national basic public health services (2011), the information such as home ther-apy, medicine taken, and dangerous behavior happened were collected from patients who were confirmed as serious men-tal illness in January 2015 to April 2016 in Gansu province. Result Up to April 30th, 2016, totally 70538 serious mental illnesses were identified, and about 81.10%(57195) were under management. The rate of treatment of serious mental ill-ness was 69.9%(48009/68663) in Gansu province, and Bipolar affective disorder (76.0%) was the highest (P<0.001). The rate of taking medication in patients under family-management was 42.16%(24113/57195), and the rate of taking regular medication was 24.74%(14150/57195). The rate of taking medication in Paranoiac psychosis patients (51.98%) was the highest (P<0.001), and the rate of taking regular medication in Mental disorders caused by epilepsy (31.02%) was the highest (P<0.001). Conclusion The rate of family-management, treatment, taking medication and take regular medica-tion of serious mental illness in Gansu province are all below the national average level. A special training should be giv-en to medical professionals to strengthen their capacity to treat serious mental illness.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 309-312, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and postoperative prognosis analysis of intra-thoracic localized Castleman disease (LCD).Methods The clinical data of 9 patients with intra-thoracic LCD who accepted surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed.There were 5 males and 4 females,with age of (32.8 ± 10.9) years.Two patients complained of chest pain,1 patient suffered from paraneoplastic pemphigus,and the rest were diagnosed by physical examination.Four cases were diagnosed with LCD by preoperative CT examination.Results All patients underwent surgical resection.Four patients were performed open surgery and 5 patients had video assisted thoracic surgery.All patients accepted radical surgery.But 2 of these patients had postoperative complications.One patient was the injury of phrenic nerve and another was pericardial effusion.Patho-histological showed hyaline vascular type of Catleman disease in all patients.All patients survived without recurrence during the follow-up for 2-53 months.Conclusions Intra-thoracic is rare and liable to misdiagnosed.For increasing the preoperative diagnosis rate of LCD,the combined application of imaging tests is important,and clinicians and radiologists should also enhance the awareness of this disease.Complete surgical resection of the tumor is the best therapeutic alternative for intra-thoracic LCD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 672-676, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502209

ABSTRACT

Objective To grasp the epidemic features of Kaschin-Beck disease in different ecotypic areas in Gansu Province,in order to provide ecological basis for Kashin-Beck disease control.Methods Totally 37 counties with Kashin-Beck disease were divided into four ecological areas,villages with historical serious condition in township and townships with historical serious condition in county were investigated.Clinical examination and Xray of right hand of all 7-12-year-old children in the villages were carried out,while investigation of prevention and control measures was performed.Results Among 27 966 children from four ecological areas,the clinical detection rate was 0.05% (14/27 966) and the X-ray positive rate was 1.26% (353/27 966),metaphyseal rate was 1.25% (350/27 966),bone-side positive rate was 0.01% (3/27 966) and no case of epiphyseal and carpal were discovered.The clinical detection rate in children in the four ecological areas was not statistically significant (x2() =7.757,P >0.05),the Loess Plateau-gully region of Longdong [0.09% (10/11 604)] > the Anyon area of Qinling of Longnan [0.04% (3/7 969)] > Alpine grassland meadow area of Gannan [0.02% (1/4 021)] > the Loess Plateau-hills region of Longzhong [0 (0/4 372)].The detected rate of X-ray in four ecological areas was statistically significant (x2 =18.133,P < 0.05),the Anyon area of Qinling of Longnan [1.49% (119/7 969)] > the Loess Plateau-gully region of Longdong [1.41% (164/11 604)] > the Loess Plateau-hills region of Longzhong [0.89% (39/4 372)] > Alpine grassland meadow area of Gannan [0.77% (31/4 021)].Comprehensive prevention and control measures on Kaschin-Beck disease were different in different ecotypic areas.Relocation,long-distance education and selenium supplement measures had not been implemented in the four ecological areas.Conclusion The epidemic situation of Kaschin-Beck disease is different in different ecotypic areas in Gansu Province,which maybe related to ecological environment,but is under a state of control.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 739-741, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480259

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the correlation between osteophytes size and lower limb alignment in the knees of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease (KBD).Methods A total of 300 clinically diagnosed patients with KBD were X-rayed on knee-joints which ranged from the distal half of femur to proximal half of tibia.Meanwhile some related parameters in the X film with the anteroposterior position (including osteophytes length,femorotibial angle,femorotibial joint space ratio of inner side to outer side) were measured by DICOM 2.0,a software of medical graphic measuring,then followed by calculating the osteophyte spur index.The association between femorotibial angle,femorotibial joint space ratio and osteophytes spur index was evaluated by Pearson correlation test.Results The average of femorotibial angle of all the tested knee-joints was (165.97 ± 4.02)°,which positively correlated with both the osteophyte spur index of the medial femoral condyle [(6.54 ± 3.12)%,correlation coefficient (r) =0.524,P<0.01] and the osteophyte spur index of medial tibil plateau [(7.14 ± 3.40)%,r =0.578,P <0.01].The femorotibial joint space ratio was 0.61 ± 0.13,which positively correlated with both the osteophyte spur index of medial femoral condyle (r =0.531,P <0.01) and that of the medial tibil plateau (r =0.563,P <0.01).Conclusions The results of this study indicate that there is a positive correlation between lower limb alignment and osteophyte size of both the medial femoral condyle and the medial tibial plateau.This finding may be evidenced by the fact that the changes of lower limb biomechanics may contribute to formation and development of osteophytes in the kneejoint.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 746-749, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480242

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the factors influencing the prevalence of echinococciasis in Gansu Province.Methods With the method of stratified random sampling,all the administrative villages in pastoral areas,half pastoral areas,agriculture and urban areas in the 72 counties in Gansu Province were selected;according to the layers of the population of the county population proportion calculated,the layer investigation numbers were determined,and a total of 16 administrative villages were selected in each county.In the 16 administrative villages,more than 200 people of permanent residents were surveyed in each village (shortage was made up from a nearby village),at least 3 200 people were investigated in a county.By using the combined method of inquiry and field observation,natural factors,such as drinking water,farming and animal husbandry production data were surveyed.All data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0 statistical software.Unauy linear and multiple linear regression analysis of influencing factors and the relationship between the prevalence were analyzed.Results Unary linear regression analysis showed that longitudes,latitudes,altitudes,average annual temperature,annual rainfalls,secondary industries,animal husbandry towns,drinking water sources,the number of epidemic towns,epidemic villages,per capita net incomes in animal husbandry regions,the total number of livestock and the number of sheep were factors influencing the prevalence of echinococciasis (F =4.705,P <0.05).Latitude,altitude,animal husbandry towns,the number of epidemic towns,epidemic villages,per capita net incomes in animal husbandry regions,the total number of livestock and the number of sheep and the prevalence of echinococciasis was positively correlated (r =0.282,0.285,0.387,0.508,0.540,0.317,0.475,0.594,all P <0.05);longitude,average annual temperature,annual rainfall,secondary industries,drinking water sources and the prevalence of echinococciasis was negatively correlated (r =-0.311,-0.244,-0.244,-0.389,-0.311,all P <0.05).Multiple linear regression analysis showed that differences of interactions of annual rainfalls,drinking water sources,epidemic villages,per capita net incomes of herdsmen,secondary industries and the total number of livestock between groups were statistically significant (t =-1.822,-3.920,3.013,1.715,-1.609,3.264,all P <0.05).Conclusion The factors influencing the prevalence of echinococciasis in Gansu Province are correlated with annual rainfalls,drinking water sources,epidemic villages,per capita net incomes of herdsmen,secondary industries and the total number of livestock.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 400-403, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454144

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the condition of Keshan disease (KSD) in Gansu Province in order to provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of the disease. Methods In 2011, according to “The national Keshan Disease Monitoring Program (trial edition)”, based on searching of KSD cases, 12 villages of 12 towns in 6 counties of Gansu Province, were selected as surveillance sites. All the residents in surveillance sites were clinically examined and given 12-lead ECG tracings; suspected cases were taken anterior chest X-rays in the distance of 2 meters, while staple food and life conditions of the residents were surveyed. Diagnosis of KSD was based on“Keshan Disease Diagnostic Criteria”(WS/T 210-2011). Results Among investigated 5 484 residents, the incidence of abnormal electrocardiogram was 15.41%. Of the 196 X-ray films, 61 cases had enlarged heart(in which 22 of mild, 21 of moderate and 18 of severe). Two hundred and forty-three cases of KSD were detected, the general detection rate was 4.43%, in which 31 cases of chronic, the detection rate was 0.56%; 212 cases of potential, the detection rate was 3.87%. In all cases, 47 cases were under the age of 30, including 46 cases of potential and 1 case of chronic. The major abnormal electrocardiogram change of KSD cases was ST-T changes[22.68%(71/313)], followed by complete right bundle branch block[16.29%(51/313)], low voltage[12.46%(39/313)], and left anterior fascicular block[6.71%(21/313)]. Per-capita annual income in surveillance site was 1 763 Yuan;and the major staple food was flour, accounted for 87%, and the staple food rice accounted for 5%. Conclusion The detection rate of KSD in Gansu Province is mainly to potential, and there is a cosiderable portion of patients under the age of 30;monitoring and investigation should also be strengthened in the younger age of KSD cases detected village.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 49-52, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321666

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the iodine nutrition and thyroid function of pregnant women during different periods of pregnancy,to provide evidence for guiding iodine supplementation for them.Methods A cross-sectional survey was performed in 215 pregnant women in Yongjing couty from May to June 2013.Samples of blood and random urine were collected,and serum thyrotrophin (TSH),free triiodothyronine (FT3),free thyroxine (FT4),anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO),antithyroglobulin (anti-TG) and urinary iodine were measured.Results The medians of urinary iodine from the three groups of pregnant women (first,second and third trimester) were 189.8 μg/L,152.5 μg/L and 144.9 μg/L respectively.With the exception of pregnant women in the third trimester,the urinary iodine medians of pregnant women in the first and second trimesters were within the 150-249 μg/L range which was defined as optimal by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD.With the increase of gestational age,the level of FT3 decreased (P<0.05),with the FT3 levels in the first trimester were higher than those in the second or third trimester (P<0.05).The difference of TSH levels among the three groups of pregnant women was statistically significant (P<0.01),with a U-shaped curve seen between the iodine TSH levels and the gestational age.The medians of anti-TG and anti-TPO appeared the lowest in the first trimester,and remained at a high level in women at second and third trimesters.Significant diffierence was seen in anti-TG,anti-TPO levels of the three groups of pregnant women (first,second and third trimester) (P<0.01).The incidence of thyroidfunction disorder was 1.86%,including subclinical hypothyroidism accounted for 1.40%,and hypothyroidism accounted for 0.47%.The incidence of thyroidfunction disorder mainly appeared in the early pregnancy.Abnormal FT3,TSH,positive anti-TG and anti-TPO were mainly seen during early pregnancy.The changes of TSH,FT3,FT4,anti-TG and anti-TPO along with the changes of urine iodine levels were not obvious.Conclusion With the increase of gestational age,the incidence of iodine deficiency also increased among pregnant women.Abnormal thyroid hormones,TSH,positive anti-TG and anti-TPO were mainly existed in the early pregnancy.Programs as monitoring urinary iodine as well as thyroid function targeting all the pregnant women should be carried out.

20.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1245-1248, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384930

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the alteration of chaperonine hsp40 and its influence on delayed death of neurons in the CA1 region of hippocampus after transient cerebral ischemia. Method After transient global ischemia for 20 minutes, rat model was made. Following different lengths of reperfusion, all the 28 wistar rats were divided into sham-operation group,4 hour recovery group, 24 hour recovery group and 72 hour recovery group ( n = 7 rats in each group). Immunochemistry and laser scanning confocal microscopy were used to observe the distributional alteration of hsp40 in the neurons. Differential centrifuge and western blot assay were used to analyze the quantitative alteration of hsp40 and its redistribution in the neurons. Results Immunochemistry and laser scanning confocal microscopy showed the progressive reduction of hsp40 occurred at first in the cytosol, then in the nucleus until the death of all the neurons in the CA1 region died. Differential centrifuge and western blot assay showed the level of hsp40 decreased from 1.00 ± 0.21 to 0.23 ± 0.13 ( P < 0.01 ) 24 hours after reperfusion; the quantity of hsp40 in the protein aggregates increased from 1.00±0.18 to 8.61 ± 1.89 (P <0.01 =24 h after reperfusion.Conclusions The reduction of hsp40 in the neurons of hippocampus CA1 region is an important role in protein aggregates formation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL