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JLUMHS-Journal of the Liaquat University of Medical Health Sciences. 2015; 14 (1): 12-15
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192249


OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of different home prophylactic plaque control methods in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at the Department of Orthodontics, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro and private orthodontic clinics in Hyderabad

The patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were asked to chew the plaque disclosing tablet [EviplacPastilhas], swish it for 30 seconds, then asked to spit out and asked to wash once with drinking water, plaque score was calculated by using Turesky Modification of Quigley Hein plaque index. Selected patients were given a self-administered questionnaire regarding mechanical means of plaque control

RESULTS: In this study 42% were male and 58% females. The mean age was 19.1 + 2.47 years

The mean plaque score was 4.29+ 1.58 in this study. 62.9% patients were using regular tooth brush and 34.3% were using orthodontic tooth brush. 18.8%, 6.9%, and 3.7% patients were using inter-dental brush, tooth picks and dental floss respectively

The analysis of variance [ANOVA] test revealed no significant differences in different type of brush

CONCLUSION: It is concluded that majority of orthodontic patients were cleaning their teeth either with orthodontic brush or regular tooth brush and very few patients were using interdental aids to control plaque. Both regular and orthodontic brushes were effective in controlling plaque with is statistically insignificant difference

Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal. 2014; 34 (3): 528-531
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-149760


The objective was to evaluate pain experience of the patient after administration of local anesthesia in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with and without pre-medication Patients were diagnosed after taking medical and dental history, clinical examination, thermal tests and by taking radio-graphs. One hundred patients formed the study group. They were divided into two groups of fifty each, Group-A patients were given oral medication [Midazolan, Dormicum 7.5mg] and inferior dental nerve Block, while Group-B patients were given only Inferior Alveolar Nerve [IAN] Block [1.8 ml cartridge-1:100000 epinephrine] of Xylestesin-S [ESPE-Germany] without any pre-medication. Pre-operative pain of patients of both groups was recorded on Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] i.e: 0= no pain, 10 = most severe pain. [VAS 0>10] Group-A patients were given anesthesia 45 minutes after pre medication while Group-B, patients were treated routinely after administrating inferior dental nerve Block block. In group A [40% showed no pain, 44% mild pain, 12% moderate pain and 4% suffered severe pain n=50] while in group B [20% showed no pain, 50% mild pain, 20% moderate pain and 10% suffered from severe pain after the procedure was done. It was concluded that the patients who had received sedation, prior to anesthesia showed better results

Humans , Male , Female , Pain/drug therapy , Anesthesia, Local , Midazolam , Cross-Sectional Studies