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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): I-II, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365540
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 121-124, Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365342
3.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210191, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375805

ABSTRACT

Abstract The spleen is supplied by blood flow through the splenic artery and vein. The purpose of this communication is to report an ectopic spleen supplied only by reverse flow through the left gastro-omental vessels. A 14-year-old boy presented with pelvic splenomegaly supplied only by the left gastro-omental artery and veins connected to the inferior polar vessels, which were the only vessels communicating with the spleen. After detorsion of the spleen and splenopexy, the spleen returned to normal dimensions. The patient had uneventful follow-up. In conclusion, the left gastroepiploic vessels are able to maintain the entire spleen blood supply.


Resumo O baço é suprido pelo fluxo sanguíneo da artéria e veia esplênicas. O objetivo desta comunicação é apresentar um baço ectópico suprido apenas pelo fluxo sanguíneo reverso proveniente dos vasos gastromentais esquerdos. Um paciente de 14 anos apresentou esplenomegalia pélvica suprida apenas por artéria e veia gastromentais esquerdas, conectadas aos vasos polares inferiores, que eram os únicos presentes nesse baço. Após a distorção do baço e a esplenopexia, o baço voltou às dimensões normais. Não houve intercorrências no acompanhamento do paciente. Em conclusão, os vasos gastromentais esquerdos são capazes de suprir o fluxo sanguíneo de todo o baço.

4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 943-947, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136299

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Excessive alcohol consumption is a global health issue. This article aims to evaluate the consumption of alcohol by medical students in relation to their personal and social aspects. METHODS This study was conducted with students in the first, third, and sixth year of medical school at the Federal University of Minas Gerais in 2019. Students were invited to participate anonymously by responding to a questionnaire with 15 questions regarding student characteristics (gender, age, family income, physical activity, origin, housing condition, and academic performance) and alcohol consumption (onset, reason, occasions of use, type of drink, amount consumed). Data were compared with significance corresponding to p<0.05. RESULTS A sample of 382 students of both sexes responded to the questionnaire. Alcohol consumption was reported by 85% of students. About 70% of first and third-year students and 47% of those of the sixth year were motivated by socializing with peers. Alcohol consumption was prevalent among those who practice physical activities (93%) and live with their families (89%). Around 80% had consumed alcohol before starting medical school, and consumption was more frequent in males. CONCLUSIONS Alcohol consumption begins during high school, stimulated by socialization. Men who practice physical activities and live with their families are the largest consumers.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O consumo excessivo de álcool é um problema de saúde presente no mundo inteiro. Este artigo avalia o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas por estudantes de Medicina e sua relação com características pessoais e aspectos sociais. MÉTODOS Estudo realizado com estudantes dos 1o, 3o e 6o anos do curso de medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais no ano de 2019. Os alunos foram convidados a participar anonimamente, respondendo a um questionário com 15 perguntas relativas a características do estudante (sexo, idade, renda familiar, prática de atividades físicas, origem, condição de moradia e desempenho discente) e ao consumo de bebidas alcoólicas (início, motivo, ocasiões de uso, tipo de bebida, quantidade consumida). Os dados foram comparados com significância correspondente a p<0,05. RESULTADOS Um total de 382 estudantes de ambos os sexos respondeu ao questionário. O consumo de bebidas alcoólicas foi relatado por 85% dos entrevistados. Cerca de 70% dos alunos de 1o e 3o anos e 47% dos alunos do 6o ano foram motivados pela socialização com colegas. O consumo de bebida alcoólica foi prevalente entre os que praticavam atividades físicas (93%) e moravam com a família (89%). Ao redor de 80% consumiram bebidas alcoólicas antes do ingresso na faculdade, com maior frequência no sexo masculino. CONCLUSÕES O consumo de álcool começa durante o ensino médio, estimulado pela socialização. Os homens que praticam atividades físicas e moram com a família são os maiores consumidores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Alcohol Drinking , Schools, Medical , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1521, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) are primary neoplasms derived from lymphocytes, and Kaposi's sarcoma (SK) is a multicentric disease of viral etiology and is associated with HIV. Aim: To study the etiopathogenesis and clinical characteristics of NHL and KS, describing their mutual factors. Methods: This retrospective investigation was performed on 101 medical charts. The patients were studied according to their age, gender, and HIV-positivity, following the PRISMA guidelines. The characteristics of the tumors and comorbidities were analyzed according to their age and lymphatic metastasis. Results: The mean age of the patients ranged between 15-87 years for NHL and between 25-54 for KS, but the age of patients with NHL associated with HIV did not surpass 34 years. The ratio male: female was 1,8:1 for NHL, but only men presented KS. HIV-positivity was found in five patients with NHL and in 14 with KS. The stages of NHL were: I (21%), II (18,4%), III (26,3%), and IV (34,2%), but KS were found only at III (40%) and IV (60%) stages. The lymphatic metastases were positive in 62 patients NHL and in four with KS. HIV-positivity occurred in 60% of patients with NHL and in 50% with KS. Conclusion: The HIV seropositivity was revealed for most of patients during the NHL and SK propaedeutic and none of them present clinical manifestations of AIDS. NHL associated with HIV was found only in young patients. NHL and KS patients have similar epidemiological, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics.


RESUMO Racional: Os linfomas não Hodgkin (LNH) são neoplasias primárias derivadas de linfócitos e o sarcoma de Kaposi (SK) é doença multicêntrica de etiologia viral, ambas associadas ao HIV. Objetivo: Avaliar características clínicas dos LNH e SK, relacionando fatores etiopatogênicos mútuos. Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 101 prontuários. Os doentes foram analisados quanto a idade, sexo e soropositividade para o HIV, de acordo com o PRISMA guidelines. Os tumores foram classificados por estadiamento, presença de linfonodos regionais invadidos e tipo celular. Resultados: A idade variou entre 15 e 87 anos para o LNH e 25 a 54 anos para o SK, mas a idade dos pacientes com LNH associado com o HIV não ultrapassou 34 anos. A proporção homem: mulher foi de 1,8:1 para o LNH, enquanto SK foi registrado apenas em homens. A soropositividade para o HIV ocorreu em cinco pacientes com LNH e 14 com SK. A invasão de linfonodos regionais foi positiva em 62 com LNH e quatro com SK. Os linfomas foram 27,9% de baixo grau, 17,4% de grau intermediário e 12,8% de alto grau. A soropositividade para HIV, foi diagnosticada durante a propedêutica do tumor em 60% dos pacientes com LNH e 50% dos com SK. Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes portadores de HIV descobriram a soropositividade durante propedêutica para LNH e SK, sem manifestações clínicas de AIDS. Todos os pacientes com LNH associado com o HIV eram jovens. Pacientes com LNH e com SK apresentam características epidemiológicas, clínicas e terapêuticas semelhantes entre si.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sarcoma, Kaposi/etiology , Sarcoma, Kaposi/epidemiology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/etiology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/epidemiology , HIV Infections/complications , Retrospective Studies , HIV Seropositivity
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(12): 1103-1109, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973490

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate a possible relationship between the size of the spleen and values of circulating blood elements in patients with schistosomatic splenomegaly. Methods: ixty one patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis mansoni underwent a clinical exam and peripheral venous blood was collected for a hemogram. The erythrocyte, hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocyte, and platelet values were determined. All patients underwent abdominal ultrasound to measure the spleen. The hematological test results were compared to the size of the spleen. Results: The size of the spleen varied from 14.0 to 28.4 (19.9 ± 3.7) cm according to the ultrasound image. Thrombocytopenia was observed 58 (95%) patients, leukopenia in 55 (90%) patients, and anemia in 32 (52.4%) patients. Leukopenia was proportional to splenomegaly. Conclusion: Schistosomal splenomegaly leads to leukopenia in direct proportion to the size of the spleen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Spleen/pathology , Splenomegaly/pathology , Splenomegaly/blood , Schistosomiasis mansoni/pathology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/blood , Organ Size , Reference Values , Spleen/parasitology , Splenomegaly/parasitology , Thrombocytopenia/parasitology , Blood Cell Count , Body Height , Body Weight , Hemoglobins/analysis , Body Mass Index , Leukopenia/parasitology
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 964-974, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973473

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the hepatic changes associated with gastric ischemia. Methods: Thirty male rabbits were studied, distributed in 3 groups (n=10). Group 1: ligature and section of the gastric vasculature and removal of the liver after three hours; Group 2: ligature and section of the gastric vasculature and removal of the liver after 6 hours; Group 3: ligature and section of the gastric vasculature and removal of the liver after 12 hours. Blood samples were collected immediately before surgery and after the determined time of ischemia in each group to evaluate the hepatic function. After the death of the rabbits, the liver was removed for macro and microscopic study. Results: An increase in aminotransferases and bilirubin occurred in groups 2 and 3. Total protein and albumin diminished in all of the animals. All of the rabbits from groups 2 and 3 presented hepatocellular necrosis. Conclusion: The devascularization of the stomach for a period of above three hours is associated with hepatic morphological and functional disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Stomach/blood supply , Stomach/pathology , Ischemia/complications , Liver/pathology , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Reference Values , Time Factors , Bilirubin/blood , Serum Albumin/analysis , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Random Allocation , Alanine Transaminase , Alkaline Phosphatase , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Ischemia/pathology , Liver/blood supply , Liver Diseases/etiology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Necrosis
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 785-791, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973499

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the morphological effects of injected sclerosing agents into the liver. Methods: This study was performed on twenty dogs, distributed into five groups: Group 1 (n = 5) - control, Group 2 (n = 5) - injection of 50% glucose solution inside hepatic parenchyma and animals followed during seven days, Group 3 (n = 10) - injection of ethanol inside hepatic parenchyma and animals distribution into two subgroups Subgroup 3A (n = 5) - followed during 24 hours and subgroup 3B (n = 5) - followed during seven days (group 3B), Group 4 (n = 5) - ethanol injection inside left portal vein branch and followed during 24 hours. Livers were macroscopically evaluated, submitted to hepatic arteriography and portography, then histology. Results: All animals in Group 4 died within 23 hours due to diffuse hepatic necrosis. The animals of groups 2 and 3 had a satisfactory evolution. Fibrosis formed in the segment reached by the sclerosant solution and interruption of the contrast flow injected into the portal system. Conclusion: Intrahepatic parenchymal ethanol injection is well tolerated and causes sclerosis restricted to a specific segment; however, intraportal ethanol injection causes massive hepatic necrosis and can lead to death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Portal Vein/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Portal Vein/pathology , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Sclerosing Solutions/pharmacology , Sclerosis/chemically induced , Sclerosis/pathology , Sclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Portography , Liver/pathology , Liver/diagnostic imaging
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 415-419, May 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949347

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To verify the influence of oophorectomy on lipidogram and glycemia. Methods: Fifty six female rats were divided into the following 7 groups (n = 8): group 1 - sham group, group 2 - oophorectomy 30 days, group 3 - oophorectomy 35 days, group 4 - oophorectomy 40 days, group 5 - oophorectomy 45 days, group 6 - oophorectomy 70 days, group 7 - oophorectomy 55 days. Animals were following by number of days according the group. Was evaluated the serum levels of glucose and lipid profile. Results: The oophorectomized rats presented higher glycemia. Groups 3, 4, 6 and 7 had a higher glycemia and LDL levels (except for group 6) and groups 6 and 7 had lowest levels of HDL. Group 7 had highest level of VLDL than oophorectomy groups. There was no difference in triglycerides levels. Conclusion: Oophorectomy was related to dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, mainly after 50th days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Blood Glucose/analysis , Ovariectomy , Dyslipidemias/blood , Lipids/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Dyslipidemias/physiopathology
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(1): e1346, fev. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the morphology and function of autogenous splenic tissue implanted in the greater omentum, 24 hours after storage in Ringer-lactate solution. Methods: we divided 35 male rats into seven groups (n=5): Group 1: no splenectomy; Group 2: total splenectomy without implant; Group 3: total splenectomy and immediate autogenous implant; Group 4: total splenectomy, preservation of the spleen in Ringer-lactate at room temperature, then sliced ​​and implanted; Group 5: total splenectomy, ​​spleen sliced and preserved in Ringer-lactate at room temperature before implantation; Group 6: total splenectomy with preservation of the spleen in Ringer-lactate at 4°C and then sliced ​​and implanted; Group 7: total splenectomy and the spleen sliced for preservation in Ringer-lactate at 4°C before implantation. After 90 days, we performed scintigraphic studies with Tc99m-colloidal tin (liver, lung, spleen or implant and clot), haematological exams (erythrogram, leucometry, platelets), biochemical dosages (protein electrophoresis) and anatomopathological studies. Results: regeneration of autogenous splenic implants occurred in the animals of the groups with preservation of the spleen at 4ºC. The uptake of colloidal tin was higher in groups 1, 3, 6 and 7 compared with the others. There was no difference in hematimetric values ​​in the seven groups. Protein electrophoresis showed a decrease in the gamma fraction in the group of splenectomized animals in relation to the operated groups. Conclusion: the splenic tissue preserved in Ringer-lactate solution at 4ºC maintains its morphological structure and allows functional recovery after being implanted on the greater omentum.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar morfologia e função de tecido esplênico autógeno, implantado no omento maior, 24 horas após conservação em solução de Ringer-lactato. Métodos: foram estudados 35 ratos machos, distribuídos em sete grupos (n=5): Grupo 1: sem esplenectomia; Grupo 2: esplenectomia total sem implante; Grupo 3: esplenectomia total e implante autógeno imediato; Grupo 4: esplenectomia total, preservação do baço em Ringer-lactato à temperatura ambiente, em seguida, fatiado e implantado; Grupo 5: esplenectomia total, baço fatiado e preservado em Ringer-lactato à temperatura ambiente antes de ser implantado; Grupo 6: esplenectomia total com preservação do baço em Ringer-lactato a 4°C e, em seguida, fatiado e implantado; Grupo 7: esplenectomia total e baço fatiado, para preservação em Ringer-lactato a 4°C antes de ser implantado. Após 90 dias, realizaram-se estudos cintilográficos com estanho coloidal-Tc99m (fígado, pulmão, baço ou implante e coágulo), hematológicos (eritrograma, leucometria, plaquetas), bioquímicos (eletroforese de proteínas) e anatomopatológicos. Resultados: ocorreu regeneração dos implantes esplênicos autógenos nos animais dos grupos com preservação do baço a 4ºC. A captação de estanho coloidal foi superior nos grupos 1, 3, 6 e 7 em relação aos demais. Não houve diferença nos valores hematimétricos nos sete grupos. A eletroforese de proteínas mostrou diminuição da fração gama no grupo de animais esplenectomizados em relação aos grupos operados. Conclusão: o tecido esplênico conservado em solução de Ringer-lactato à temperatura de 4ºC mantém sua estrutura morfológica e permite a recuperação funcional após ser implantado sobre o omento maior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Spleen/transplantation , Organ Preservation Solutions , Isotonic Solutions , Spleen/anatomy & histology , Spleen/physiology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ringer's Lactate
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(2): e1364, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949223

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The best site for splenic implant was not defined, mainly evaluating the functionality of the implant. Aim: To evaluate the effects of autogenous splenic implantation on the subcutaneous tissue in the survival of splenectomized rats. Method: Twenty-one randomly assigned rats were studied in three groups (n=7): group 1 - manipulation of the abdominal cavity and preservation of the spleen; group 2 - total splenectomy; group 3 - splenectomy and implant of the tissue removed in the subcutaneous. The animals were followed for 90 days postoperatively. Results: There was a higher mortality in groups 2 (p=0.0072) and 3 (p=0.0172) in relation to group 1. There was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p=0.9817). Conclusion: The splenic implant in the subcutaneous is ineffective in the survival of rats submitted to splenectomy.


RESUMO Racional: O melhor sítio para implante esplênico não foi definido, principalmente avaliando a funcionalidade do implante. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos do implante esplênico autógeno subcutâneo na sobrevida de ratos esplenectomizados. Métodos: Foram estudados 21 ratos alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos (n=7): grupo 1 - manipulação da cavidade abdominal e preservação do baço; grupo 2 - esplenectomia total; grupo 3 - esplenectomia e implante do tecido retirado no subcutâneo. Os animais foram acompanhados por 90 dias pós-operatórios. Resultados: Houve mortalidade maior nos grupos 2 (p=0,0072) e 3 (p=0,0172) em relação ao grupo 1. Não houve diferença entre os grupos 2 e 3 (p=0,9817). Conclusão: O implante esplênico no subcutâneo é ineficaz na sobrevida de ratos submetidos à esplenectomia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Spleen/transplantation , Subcutaneous Tissue/surgery , Splenectomy , Random Allocation , Survival Rate , Organ Transplantation/mortality , Rats, Wistar
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(11): 903-912, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of light-weight polypropylene mesh coated with polymerized and purified bovine type I collagen (Surgidry HNB) in the treatment of abdominal wall defect and the degree of adhesion formation. Methods: Two types of polypropylene mesh were implanted after creation of defect measuring 6.0cm X 5.5cm in the anterior abdominal wall of 32 male New Zealand breed rabbits, divided in two groups (n = 32): (1) light-weigh macroporous polypropylene, (2) type I polymerized and purified bovine collagen coated light-weigh macroporous polypropylene. These animals were further accessed for adhesions, histological evaluation of inflammation and wall's thickness. Results: The percentage of the area adhered in group 1 (62.31 ± 16.6) was higher compared to group 2 (22.19 ± 14.57) (p <0.05). There was an association between the percentage of the covered area by adhesions and the type of adhesion, toughness and the scores obtained by the adhesion score by correlation analysis (p <0.05). There was no difference between the groups in any variables in relation to the degree of inflammation. Conclusion: The purified type I bovine collagen coated light-weigh polypropylene mesh showed to be effective in the repair of abdominal wall defects and reducing adhesion formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cattle , Rabbits , Peritoneal Diseases/prevention & control , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh , Collagen Type I , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Peritoneal Diseases , Prostheses and Implants , Materials Testing , Chi-Square Distribution , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Disease Models, Animal
14.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 37(3): 205-210, July-Sept. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the emotional, psychological, sexual, social, and professional impact, before and after surgery, on individuals submitted to a colostomy. Methods The study was carried out in two stages, with the participation of 15 individuals. First, we evaluated the emotional, psychic, sexual, social, and professional aspects of their lives, in the preoperative period of colostomy surgery. After that, the same aspects were evaluated six months after the surgery. This evaluation was based on the application of a questionnaire with 16 objective questions. Results Of the interviewees, 53.64% decreased their willingness to go out and do activities outside their homes, with a statistical significance of p = 0.001. Regarding the environment, 53.85% of the interviewees showed a perception of worsening of the environment. About physical activity, 66.65% showed a difference in the performance of physical activity after colostomy, being statistically significant, with p = 0.001. The sports environment did not change in 50% of the participants. Patient sexuality showed a significant decline with statistical significance (p = 0.008). Conclusion The impact that the colostomy generated on the patients' lives, regarding the evaluated aspects, was perceptible, being of great importance the careful indication of this procedure to the patient.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar o impacto emocional, psíquico, sexual, social e profissional, pré e pós colostomia, em indivíduos que passaram por cirurgia de colostomia. Método Foi realizado em duas etapas com participação de 15 indivíduos. Na primeira houve avaliação sobre os aspectos emocional, psíquico, sexual, social e profissional de suas vidas, no momento pré-operatório à cirurgia de colostomia. Na segunda avaliaram-se os mesmos aspectos seis meses após a cirurgia. Esta avaliação foi a partir da aplicação de um questionário com 16 questões objetivas. Resultados Dos entrevistados, 53,64% diminuíram a vontade de sair e fazer atividades fora do lar, com significância estatística de p = 0,001. Quanto ao ambiente instalado, em 53,85% dos entrevistados apresentaram percepção de piora do ambiente. Em relação à atividade física, 66,65% dos participantes apresentaram diferença no desempenho da atividade física pós-colostomia, sendo este dado estatisticamente significante com p = 0,001. O ambiente esportivo não mudou para 50% dos participantes. A sexualidade do paciente evidenciou grande decaimento com significância estatística (p = 0,008). Conclusão Foi perceptível o impacto que a colostomia gerou na vida de seus portadores nos aspectos avaliados, sendo de grande importância a indicação criteriosa desse procedimento ao paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life/psychology , Colostomy/psychology , Sickness Impact Profile
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(4): 397-402, jul.-ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-896602

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O número de pacientes com distúrbios funcionais intestinais em decorrência das operações para o tratamento do câncer retal tem aumentado durantes as últimas décadas. Alterações anatômicas e funcionais após a retirada do reto provocam aumento da frequência evacuatória, urgência evacuatória, evacuações múltiplas e incontinência para fezes e flatos, caracterizando a síndrome da ressecção anterior baixa ou LARS - "low anterior resection syndrome". Este artigo apresenta uma revisão geral do tema, com ênfase para conceitos atuais e aspectos fisiopatológicos de distúrbios funcionais do intestino após o tratamento cirúrgico do câncer retal. É fundamental que o cirurgião compreenda esses mecanismos, para melhor abordagem dos pacientes e restabelecimento da sua qualidade de vida.


ABSTRACT The number of patients with bowel dysfunction due to the treatment of rectal cancer has increased during the recent decades. Anatomical and functional disorders after the removal of the rectum are followed by increased stool frequency, urgency, multiple evacuations and flatus or stool incontinence characterizing the low anterior resection syndrome - LARS. The purpose of this article is to present a review of the literature on current concepts and pathophysiological aspects of bowel dysfunction after resection of rectal cancer. It is essential to understand these mechanisms for a better management of patients and recovery of their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Intestines/physiopathology , Quality of Life , Syndrome , Fecal Incontinence/physiopathology , Organ Dysfunction Scores
16.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 27: [1-6], jan.-dez. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-995743

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Vários estudos verificaram que pacientes com câncer apresentam menor incidência de alergia, enquanto outros não encontraram tal associação. Esses achados conflitantes decorrem de diferentes métodos utilizados e conceitos para definir alergia. Objetivos: Verificar se existe relação entre câncer e alergia. Métodos: Este estudo caso-controle incluiu pacientes maiores de 18 anos com diagnóstico de câncer, comparados com indivíduos sadios, pareados por sexo e idade. Realizou-se anamnese, testes percutâneos para alergia e dosagem sérica de eosinófilos. Ambos os grupos foram pareados quanto às variáveis de interesse e ajustaram-se eventuais desvios por análise multivariada. Resultados: Relato de alergia ocorreu em 30% dos pacientes no grupo com câncer e em 53% no grupo sem câncer (p = 0,001), já para os testes cutâneos ocorreu maior positividade no grupo com câncer (69%) do que no sem câncer (51%), (p = 0,01). Não houve diferença entre os valores dos eosinófilos. Conclusão: Pessoas com câncer apresentaram menor relato de alergia. Por outro lado, em indivíduos com câncer houve testes cutâneos positivos para alergia sem correspondência clínica. Portanto, em cancerosos, o teste cutâneo positivo para alergia não corresponde à presença de alergia clínica. (AU)


Introduction: Many studies have found patients with cancer present less allergy, while others did not found this association. The conflicting findings from prior studies are due to differences in the research methods, and in definitions of allergy. Objective: To identify a relation between cancer and allergy. Methods: This case-control study included patients older than 18 years of age, who presented a diagnosis of cancer, as compared to healthy individuals, paired by sex and ages. Anamnesis, allergy percutaneous test and a blood sample was collected to evaluate the eosinophils. Both groups were paired according to interest variables, and eventual deviations were adjusted by means of multivariate analysis. Results: Reports of allergies occurred in 30% of the patients with cancer, as compared to 53% in the non-cancer group (p = 0.001), whereas in the cutaneous tests, a greater positivity occurred in the cancer group (69%) than in the non-cancer group (51%), p = 0.01. No difference in the eosinophil values was observed within these groups. Conclusion: Patients with cancer present lower level of allergies. By contrast, in these cases, positive cutaneous tests detected allergies with no correspondence to clinical findings. Therefore, in presence of cancer, the positive cutaneous test for allergies is not related with clinical manifestation of allergy. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypersensitivity , Neoplasms , Skin Abnormalities , Dermatology , Eosinophils , Immunologic Factors , Medical Oncology
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(6): 371-376, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785014

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To develop an experimental model for incisional hernias and to compare morphological and functional aspects of hernia repairs by suture, polypropylene mesh and collagen mesh. METHODS: A defect measuring 7cm x 2cm was created in the anterior abdominal of 28 New Zealand male rabbits, divided into four groups (n = 7): (1) control, (2) suture of the anterior sheath of the rectus abdominal muscle, (3) setting of polypropylene mesh, and (4) setting of collagen mesh. On the 90th postoperative day, the animals were examined to verify the presence of incisional hernia. Samples of abdominal wall and scar were collected for histological study. RESULTS: Incisional hernia was identified in 85.7% of the control group, 57.1% of the suture group, 42.9% of the collagen mesh group, and none in the polypropylene mesh group (p = 0.015). Mesh exposure could be identified in 71.4% of the animals in group 3 and in no animal in group 4 (p = 0.021). The polypropylene mesh is effective in the treatment of abdominal wall defects, causing an intense inflammatory reaction. CONCLUSION: The collagen mesh is biocompatible, producing a minimal inflammatory reaction, but fails in the treatment of abdominal wall defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Sutures/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Prostheses and Implants , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Giant Cells, Foreign-Body/pathology , Collagen/therapeutic use , Models, Animal , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Inflammation/pathology
18.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 28(3): 167-170, July-Sept. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite the rich vascular arcade of the stomach, gastric ischemia represents an important medical challenge and can be the consequence of obstructive or non-obstructive vascular processes of pathological or iatrogenic origin.AIM: To assess the effects of acute gastric ischaemia on the different regions of the stomach.METHOD: Fifteen New Zeland rabbits were divided into three groups: group 1, animals were observed during 3 h; group 2, during 6 h; group 3, during 12 h. Rabbit stomachs were subjected to devascularization of the greater and lesser curvatures. After predetermined time, the stomachs were removed for macro and microscopic studies.RESULTS: Haemorrhagic necrosis was more marked in the gastric fundus and body. In contrast, the antropylorus remained preserved in 80% of the animals. Necrosis of the gastric body and fundus mucosa were observed in all animals after 6 h and 12 h of ischaemia.CONCLUSION: Acute gastric ischaemia in rabbits produces haemorrhagic necrosis of the gastric fundus and body even in a short period of time. Beside this, the antropyloric region was significantly more resistant to ischaemia.


RACIONAL: Isquemia gástrica representa importante desafio médico e geralmente é decorrente de processos vasculares obstrutivos ou não-obstrutivos. Apesar da rica arcada vascular do estômago, lesões de isquemia gástrica têm sido observadas. Quando a isquemia progride, pode culminar em necrose do órgão.OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos dos diferentes tempos de isquemia gástrica sobre os tecidos da parede do estômago de coelhos mediante desvascularização total de ambas as curvaturas gástricas.MÉTODO: Foram utilizados 15 coelhos machos da raça Nova Zelândia. Os animais foram distribuídos nos seguintes grupos: grupo 1, observados por 3 h; grupo 2, por 6 h; grupo 3, por 12 h. A técnica cirúrgica foi a mesma em todos os animais e consistiu na ligadura e secção de todas as veias e artérias da parede gástrica. Após o período pré-determinado de observação, o estômago foi removido por completo para estudo macro e microscópico.RESULTADOS: As alterações macroscópicas e histológicas tornaram-se mais intensas com o aumento do tempo de isquemia e foram mais evidentes nas regiões do fundo e do corpo. Por outro lado, o antro manteve-se preservado na maioria dos animais operados. Necrose de mucosa do corpo e do fundo foi observada em todos os animais estudados, e foi acompanhada por hemorragia em 60% dos coelhos dos grupos 2 e 3.CONCLUSÃO: O modelo experimental de isquemia gástrica foi eficaz para produzir necrose hemorrágica de fundo e corpo do estômago de coelhos mesmo em curto tempo. Por outro lado, a região do antro pilórico desses animais mostrou-se significativamente mais resistente à isquemia do que as demais regiões.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Ischemia/pathology , Stomach/blood supply , Stomach/pathology , Acute Disease , Tissue Survival
19.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 39(3): 395-400, jul.-set. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-766229

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O curso universitário é gerador de estresse, e, de acordo com a literatura, há elevada prevalência de sintomas depressivos e transtornos emocionais em até metade dos universitários. Cerca de um terço das pessoas com síndromes funcionais ou síndromes somáticas funcionais (SSF) sofre de ansiedade ou depressão. Percebe-se, assim, a associação das SSF com fatores psicossociais e estresse. Objetivo Verificar a prevalência de síndrome funcional em estudantes e residentes de Medicina. Métodos Foram entrevistados 200 estudantes da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) que cursavam o quinto, sexto, nono e décimo períodos, sendo 25 homens e 25 mulheres de cada período, bem como 27 residentes de várias especialidades do Hospital das Clínicas da UFMG (11 homens e 16 mulheres). Os voluntários responderam aos questionários Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) e Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Stai), ambos validados no Brasil para avaliação da depressão e ansiedade, e a questionário para verificar a presença de síndromes funcionais. Resultados Oitenta e sete indivíduos (38,3%) tiveram o diagnóstico de síndrome somática e funcional (SSF), sendo prevalente nos residentes (48,1%) e nos alunos do quinto ano (43%) e menor nos alunos do terceiro ano (30%). Mulheres e seguidores da religião espírita foram os que apresentaram maior associação com SSF (p < 0,05), assim como os que possuíam maiores pontuações no questionário de avaliação de depressão e aqueles em período de formação mais avançado no curso médico. A SSF foi mais encontrada em estudantes com idade menor que 24 anos (39,4%), com renda inferior a dez salários mínimos (53,2%), casados (46,7%), com filhos (80%), entre os que possuíam parentesco médico (40,8), em tabagistas e alcoolistas (58,5%) e em estudantes com traços de ansiedade alta (45,6%). Conclusão As síndromes funcionais são frequentes entre os estudantes e residentes de Medicina. Elas ocorrem mais no sexo feminino e em deprimidos em períodos de maior tensão emocional.


ABSTRACT University courses generate stress, to the detriment of students’ health and quality of life. A high prevalence of symptoms of depression and emotional disturbances can be identified in university students. Some patients with anxiety and depression fulfill the criteria for functional somatic syndromes (FSS). Thus, it can be observed that FSS is associated with psychosocial factors and stress. Objective To verify the prevalence of the FSS in medical students and residents. Methods This study involved interviews with 200 3rd and 5th-year medical students from the Universidade de Minas Gerais (UFMG) Medical School, of whom 25 were male and 25 were female in each semester group, as well as 27 residents from the UFMG Clinical Hospital (11 male and 16 female). The volunteers answered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires and a questionnaire to verify the presence of FSS. Results Women, religious followers of spiritualism, volunteers with the highest scores on the depression questionnaire and those who were in the most advanced semester were found to show association with FSS (p < 0.05). The FSS could be identified in students aged over 24 years (39.4%), with an income of less than 10 minimum wages (53.2%), married (46.7%), with children (80%), among those who had family members who were doctors (40.8%), smokers and alcoholics (58.5%), and students with high anxiety traits (45.6%). Conclusion Functional syndromes are common among medical students and residents. These syndromes occurred more often in females and in patients with depression during periods of emotional stress.

20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(1): 61-64, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744718

ABSTRACT

Introduction: traffic accidents are one of the main causes of death and disability, with motorcyclists representing the great majority of both the victims and the perpetrators. Objective: this work studied the characteristics of motorcyclists injured in accidents involving motorcycles and automobiles. Method: this study sought to interview 100 motorcyclists who had been injured in collisions between motorcycles and automobiles, and who were undergoing emergency hospital treatment in the region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The questionnaires included demographic information (age, gender, skin color, education level, profession) and questions about years of licensed driving practice, how often they would drive an automobile, how long they had had a motorcycle driver’s license, how often they would ride a motorcycle, the number of prior accidents involving a car, and the number of prior accidents not involving a car. Results: of the 100 consecutive accidents studied, 91 occurred with men and 9 with women, aged between 16 and 79 (m = 29 ± 11) years. Regarding their reason for using a motorcycle, 83% reported using it for transport, 7% for work, and 10% for leisure. Most of these accident victims had secondary or higher education (47%). Of the motorcyclists who held a car driver’s license, 68.3% drove the vehicle daily or weekly and held the license for more than one year. Sixty-seven percent of the accident victims used a motorcycle daily and had a motorcycle driver’s license for at least one year. Conclusion: among the motorcyclists injured, most were men aged 20 years or older, with complete secondary education, and experienced in driving both motorcycles and cars, indicating that recklessness while driving the motorcycle is the main cause of traffic accidents. .


Introdução: os acidentes de trânsito são uma das principais causas de morte e invalidez, sendo os motociclistas a maior parte de suas vítimas e seus causadores. Objetivo: estudar as características dos motociclistas envolvidos em acidentes entre motocicletas e automóveis. Métodos: foram entrevistados 100 motociclistas feridos em colisões entre motocicleta e automóvel que se encontravam em tratamento hospitalar de urgência no município de Belo Horizonte. O questionário continha sua identificação (idade, sexo, cor da pele, escolaridade, profissão) e perguntas sobre tempo de habilitação para dirigirem automóvel, frequência com que dirigiam automóvel, tempo de habilitação para conduzirem motocicleta, frequência com que dirigiam motocicleta, número de acidentes prévios envolvendo automóvel e número de acidentes prévios sem relação com automóvel. Resultados: dos 100 acidentados consecutivos estudados, 91 eram homens e 9 eram mulheres com idade de 16 a 79 anos (M=29±11). Quanto à finalidade do uso da motocicleta, 83% a empregavam para transporte, 7% para trabalho e 10% para lazer, tendo a maior parte dos acidentados pelo menos o ensino médio completo (47%). Dos motociclistas que possuíam habilitação para automóvel, 68,3% dirigiam o veículo diária ou semanalmente e possuíam a habilitação por período superior a 1 ano; 67% dos acidentados conduziam motocicleta diariamente e tinham pelo menos 1 ano de habilitação para motocicleta. Conclusão: entre os 100 acidentados, predominaram homens com idade superior a 20 anos, ensino médio completo, experiência em conduzir motocicletas e automóveis, indicando que a imprudência ao conduzir a motocicleta tenha sido a principal causa de acidentes de trânsito. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Automobiles/statistics & numerical data , Motorcycles/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Sex Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
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