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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491290


Objective To study the clinical efficacy of external fixator and combined screwing at iliac crests and pubic symphysis for the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures.Methods From January 2013 to February 2014,12 cases of unstable pelvic fracture were treated at our department.They were 8 men and 4 women,from 32 to 57 years of age (average,42.5 years).Seven cases were caused by a traffic accident,and 5 by falling from a height.By Tile classification,8 cases were type B (including type B1 in 3 cases,type B2 in 3 and type B3 in 2),and 4 cases type C1.Associated injury included shock in 7 cases,bladder injury in one,limb long bone fracture in 6,joint injury in 3,and thoracic and lumbar injury in 4.The interval from injury to operation averaged 4 days,ranging from 12 hours to 7 days.The type B fractures were treated with an external fixator and combined screwing at iliac crests and pubic symphysis while the type C1 fractures with internal fixation with percutaneous S1 sacroiliac screws in addition to what was used for the type B fractures.Results The 12 patients were followed up for 5 to 12 months(average,9 months).No one died in this group.The fractures healed after 8 to 13 weeks (average,11.3 weeks).All the patients recovered normal walking.Superficial infection at the pin hole occurred in 7 cases,but there was no deep infection.Screw loosening was observed in only one case,and no reduction loss,injury to nerves or urinary canal was observed.According to the Majeed criteria,the efficacy was evaluated as excellent in 10 cases,good in one,and moderate in one.Conclusion External fixator and combined screwing at iliac crests and pubic symphysis can restore the stability of anterior pelvic ring,leading to good clinical outcomes.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 514-519, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436183


Objective To analyze the feasibility and practicality of the navigational template for antegrade lag screw fixation of the fractures in the posterior column of acetabulum.Methods Spiral CT scan data of 40 normal adult pelvis was collected.3D CT scans of pelvics were performed.Virtual 3D pelvic models were reconstructed with software Mimics 10.01.Virtual cylindrical implants were placed along the longitudinal axis of the acetabular posterior column via the ischial tuberosity among the ipsilateral hemipelvis and some anatomical parameters were measured.To adjust cylinder position to determine the best projection point,the shortest distance of the point to the linea terminalis and the anterior border of the auricular surface,the angle between the cylindrical and the coronal plane (α),and the angle between the quadrilateral district and iliac fossa plane (β) were measured respectively.The 3D models were imported into software UG 6.0.The models of navigational templates were designed according to the anatomic features of the acetabulums and the measured parameters.16 cases of dry left side of pelvis specimens were collected.Simulate acetabular posterior column screw fixation from different screw holes and verify the accuracy of navigation template assisted in the nail.Results The navigational templates was designed and manufactured successfully which was more consistent with the anatomical features of the quadrilateral plane.Placement of lag screw from the first hole:6.3% achieved accurate positioning,75% well positioning,and 18.7% loose.From the second hole:81.3% had accurate positioning,18.7% well positioning.From the third hole:37.5% had accurate positioning,62.5% loose.Conclusion The navigational template designed according to the anatomic features of acetabulum and the measured parameters can accurately assist lag screw placement.