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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511488

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the larvicidal activity of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the endocarp and seeds of Dracaena loureiri (D. loureiri) against the dengue mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti. Methods: Bioassays were performed by exposing late third-stage to early fourth-stage larvae of Aedes aegypti to various concentrations of the extracts from D. loureiri. The larval mortality was observed after 24-and 48-h exposure. Results: The larvicidal bioassay in this study demonstrated that the ethanolic endocarp extract was the most effective with the LC50 value of 84.00 mg/L after 24 h exposure and< 50 mg/L after 48 h exposure. Extracts from the other parts of the plant were signifi-cantly less effective as a larvicide. Conclusions: The ethanolic endocarp extract of D. loureiri demonstrated effective lar-vicidal activity. It is an alternative source for developing a novel larvicide for controlling this mosquito species.

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