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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996189

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women. It is particularly important to seek targeted therapy other than surgery, chemoradiotherapy, endocrine therapy. With the continuous exploration of tumor immunotherapy, more and more therapeutic targets have been discovered. This paper reviews therapeutic targets of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) and the application in breast cancer.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 245-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 84 patients with DSWPD were randomized into an observation group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (42 cases, 3 cases dropped off). On the basis of sleep hygiene education, acupuncture was applied at Shenmai (BL 62), Zhaohai (KI 6), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the observation group, while placebo acupuncture was applied at the same acupoints in the control group. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks, once every other day, 3 times a week in the 1st to 4th weeks; once every 3 days, 2 times a week in the 5th to 8th weeks. Before and after treatment, the actigraphy (ACT) indexes of objective sleep (total time of stay in bed, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, the number of awakenings and the wake time after falling asleep) and plasma cortisol (CORT) level were observed; before and after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment, the scores of morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ), insomnia severity index (ISI), fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the number of awakenings was reduced, and the wake time after falling asleep was shortened after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and those in the observation group after treatment were superior to the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MEQ scores after treatment in both groups and in the follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were increased (P<0.01), and the MEQ score of each time point after treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01). The scores of ISI, FSS and ESS after treatment, and the scores of ISI、ESS in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and in the observation group, the scores of ISI, FSS and ESS of each time point after treatment were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the plasma CORT level in the observation group was decreased compared with that before treatment and that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can improve the sleep and wake phase of patients with DSWPD, improve sleep quality and daytime function, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of plasma CORT level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Acupuncture Points , Down-Regulation , Sleep Duration
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 105-111, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of forsythiaside A on gastrointestinal motility disorder induced by chemotherapy in mice, and explore the mechanism of forsythiaside A regulating gastrointestinal motility. Method:The 60 KM mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, metoclopramide group (5 mg·kg-1) and forsythiaside A low, medium and high-dose groups (30, 60, 120 mg·kg-1), 10 for each group, which include half male and half female. The above dose was given once a day for 4 consecutive days, which the intragastric volume was 10 mL·kg-1. One hour after 1rd day administration, equal volume of saline was intraperitoneally injected to the normal group, 2 mg·kg-1 cisplatin was intraperitoneally injected to the other groups with daily for 4 consecutive days. Observing the effects of forsythiaside A on gastric emptying and small intestinal propulsion on mice models, serum gastrin (GAS) and somatostatin (SS), motilin (MTL), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) levels were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and total nitric oxide synthase (tNOS) in gastric antrum and ileum were detected by ELISA. The expression of AChE and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in gastric antrum and ileum were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with normal group, the gastric retention rate and small intestinal propulsion rate of the model group were significantly increased (P<0.01), serum levels of MTL, GAS, SS and VIP, the AChE activity in the homogenate of ileum in the model group were significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01), while the tNOS activities in gastric antrum and ileum were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Protein expression of AChE in gastric antrum and ileum were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the expression level of iNOS protein was significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with model group, different doses of forsythiaside A can reduce the gastric residual rate and small intestinal propulsion rate of mice to varying degrees. Meanwhile forsythiaside A can increase the serum levels of MTL, GAS, SS, and VIP, and the AChE activity and protein expression levels in gastric antrum and ileum tissues were also increased, while tNOS activity and iNOS protein expression were decreased in gastric antrum and ileum (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:Forsythiaside A can significantly ameliorate the delayed gastric emptying and small intestine hyperfunction induced by cisplatin in mice. Its mechanism to ameliorate gastrointestinal dysfunction caused by chemotherapy is related to the regulation of gastrointestinal AChE and NOS activity in gastric antrum and ileum and the regulation of gastrointestinal hormone levels.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 10-15, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the therapeutic effect of Yishen Qufeng Shengshi Recipe (, YQSR) in patients with glomerular proteinuria METHODS: A total of 145 patients with glomerular proteinuria were selected and randomly assigned to the treatment group (108 cases) and the control group (37 cases) according to a random number table in a ratio of 3:1. All patients received conventional and symptomatic treatment. In addition, patients in the treatment and control groups were given YQSR (200 mL, twice per day, orally) and losartan (50 mg/d orally), respectively for 6 months. The 24-h urine protein quantity, blood urea nitrogen, and serum creatinine in the two groups were measured at multiple time points before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the end of the study, 5 cases were lost to follow-up in the treatment group and 1 in the control group. Finally, the statistical data included 103 cases in the treatment group and 36 cases in the control group. The total effectiveness after 2, 4, and 6 months was 81.6% (84/103), 87.4% (90/103), and 92.2% (95/103), respectively, in the treatment group and 47.2% (17/36), 55.6% (20/36), and 61.1% (22/36), respectively, in the control group, with significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01 at all observation points). In the treatment group, the curative effect after 6 months was better than that after 2 months (P<0.05). The 24-h urine protein quantity was significantly lower in the treatment group at 3, 4, 5, and 6 months than that in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01, respectively) CONCLUSION: YQSR could significantly reduce the amount of glomerular proteinuria in the early stage.</p>

5.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 490-495, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703887

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To observe the effect of activated G-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) on Angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertrophy of cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and explore related mechanisms. Methods: Primary cardiomyocytes derived from 2-to 3-day-old neonatal rats were cultured in vitro. Tandem mass tags (TMT) protein mass spectrometry was used to examine protein expressions; relevant bioinformatics analysis was performed to screen the possible regulatory mechanisms. Cardiomyocytes were divided into 6 groups: (1)Blank control group, (2) AngII group, (3)AngII+G1 (GPER1 activator) group, (4)AngII+G1+G15 (GPER1 inhibitor) group, (5)AngII+G1+U0126 (extracellular ERK inhibitor) group and (6)AngII+G1+MK2206 (AKT inhibitor) group (n=3 for each group). Cardiomyocytes GPER1 expressions, mRNA levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), protein levels of ERK, AKT with their interactions, autophagy-related proteins LC3II and LC3I were compared among different groups;impact of GPER1 on cardiomyocytes apoptosis was detected by flowcytometry. Results: AngII induced cardiomyocytes hypertrophy and upregulation of ANP and BNP mRNA levels in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). GPER1 expression could be detected on cardiomyocytes by Immunofluorescence technique. qRT-PCR results showed that GPER1 was activated by the specific activator G1 and mRNA expressions of ANP and BNP were inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by the specific activator G1 (P<0.05); mRNA levels of ANP and BNP were re-elevated in AngII+G1+G15 group (P<0.05). Western blotting results showed that protein expression of p-ERK and p-AKT was significantly higher in AngII group and AngII+G1 group than in blank control group (P<0.05), significantly reduced in AngII+G1+G15 group compared with AngII+G1 group (P<0.05); decreased expressions of p-ERK, p-AKT and mRNA levels of ANP,BNP were also detected in AngII+G1+MK2206 group (P<0.05). G1 induced protein expression was similar between AngII+G1 group and AngII+G1+U0126 group. Flowcytometry results indicated that cardiomyocytes apoptosis was similar between AngII+G1 group and AngII group (P>0.05). Ratio of LC3II/LC3I was significantly higher and autophagy levels were significantly enhanced in AngII group than in blank control group (P<0.01), these changes could be significantly reversed in AngII +G1 group (P<0.01 vs. AngII). Conclusions: Activation of GPER1 could inhibit neonatal cardiomyocytes hypertrophy, this effect might be related to AKT and ERK signaling pathway and cell autophagy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 926-935, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812337

ABSTRACT

Notopterygium incisum (QH) has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and volatile oils may be its mainly bioactive constituents. The present study was designed to analyze the volatile compounds in QH and to determine the anti-arthritic capacity of Notopterygium volatile oils and the potential mechanism of action. The volatile compounds analysis was conducted by GC-MS. The anti-arthritic capacity test of the volatile oils was conducted on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. The anti-inflammatory property was tested in NO release model in RAW 264.7 cells. Endothelial cells were used to evaluate the anti-proliferative and anti-tube formative effects. 70 compounds were analyzed by GC-MS in the volatile oils. Notopterygium volatile oils weakened the rat AIA in a dose-dependent manner (2, 4, and 8 g crude drug/kg). The NO production by RAW 264.7 was decreased by more than 50% in Notopterygium volatile oils (5, 15, and 45 μg·mL) pretreated groups. Notopterygium volatile oils also inhibited EAhy926 cell proliferation and further delayed EAhy926 cell capillary tube formation in a concentration-dependent manner. The anti-NO productive, anti-proliferative, and anti-tube formative effects of Notopterygium volatile oils strongly suggested that the therapeutic effect of QH in AIA might be related to the potent anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic capacities of the volatile oils.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Apiaceae , Chemistry , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Nitric Oxide , Allergy and Immunology , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 926-935, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776915

ABSTRACT

Notopterygium incisum (QH) has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and volatile oils may be its mainly bioactive constituents. The present study was designed to analyze the volatile compounds in QH and to determine the anti-arthritic capacity of Notopterygium volatile oils and the potential mechanism of action. The volatile compounds analysis was conducted by GC-MS. The anti-arthritic capacity test of the volatile oils was conducted on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. The anti-inflammatory property was tested in NO release model in RAW 264.7 cells. Endothelial cells were used to evaluate the anti-proliferative and anti-tube formative effects. 70 compounds were analyzed by GC-MS in the volatile oils. Notopterygium volatile oils weakened the rat AIA in a dose-dependent manner (2, 4, and 8 g crude drug/kg). The NO production by RAW 264.7 was decreased by more than 50% in Notopterygium volatile oils (5, 15, and 45 μg·mL) pretreated groups. Notopterygium volatile oils also inhibited EAhy926 cell proliferation and further delayed EAhy926 cell capillary tube formation in a concentration-dependent manner. The anti-NO productive, anti-proliferative, and anti-tube formative effects of Notopterygium volatile oils strongly suggested that the therapeutic effect of QH in AIA might be related to the potent anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic capacities of the volatile oils.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Apiaceae , Chemistry , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Nitric Oxide , Allergy and Immunology , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 103-107,后插6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618426

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of natural walking on human plantar pressure and surface electromyogrphy (sEMG) of lower limbs.Methods 28 healthy male volunteers were enrolled,and their plantar pressure and surface electromyogrphy related parameters were measured before and after 30 min natural walking.These parameters not only include plantar peak pressure and peak impulse,but also include time domain parameter (integral electromyogrphy,iEMG) and frequency domain parameter (mean power frequency,MPF) of tibial anterior muscle,gastrocnemius,femoral rectus,and biceps femoris muscle.The correlations between peak pressure and height as well as weight were analyzed.Results The feature parameters showed significant difference between left and right foot before and after 30 min natural walking (all P<0.05).The differences of peak pressure and peak impulse values between left and right limb were found in different plantar areas.In the metatarsal areas M3,M4 and M5,the pressure parameters of left side were larger than those of right side (all P<0.05).The values of iEMG and sEMG of left limb were larger than those of right side in tibialis anterior,gastrocnemius,rectus femoris and biceps femoris (all P< 0.05).The MPF values of sEMG of left limb were larger than those of right side in tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius (all P<0.05).After 30 min natural walking,the peak pressures in right toe2-5 areas were decreased (all P<0.05),the differences of iEMG of sEMG in all muscles were not significantly,and the MPF value of sEMG in left rectus femoris was decreased.Weak correlations were observed between peak pressure and height as well as weight.Conclusions The differences of left and right lower limbs were found in plantar pressure and sEMG values during natural walking.The results showed that 30 min natural walking did not cause significant stress-related fatigue in plantar areas.Therefore,the stability of gait can be maintained for a 30 min natural walking.However,that may lead to fatigue of the femoris rectus in the left limb.

9.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 59: e16150131, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951367

ABSTRACT

The increased incidence of diabetes, coupled with the introduction of alternative insulin delivery methods that rely on higher doses, is expected to result in a substantial escalation in the future demand for affordable insulin. Plant-based systems offer a safe and economical method for producing pharmaceutical proteins. We used peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as bio-reactors to express biosafe, stable proinsulin. We designed two proinsulin analogues (FAIA and LAIA) with substitutions in their amino acid sequences. The fast-acting insulin analogue (FAIA) contains a Gly inserted between Cys19 and Gly20, as well as a Pro28Asp substitution, in the B chain. The long-acting insulin analogue (LAIA) contains a Gly inserted between Cys19 and Gly20 and two Arg residues inserted into the terminus of the B chain, as well as an Asn21Gly substitution in the A chain. Four plasmids were constructed: pROKII-Flag-FAIA, pROKII-Flag-LAIA, pCAMBIA2301-Oleosin-FAIA and pCAMBIA2301-Oleosin-LAIA. These plasmids were transferred into peanut to produce recombinant proinsulin. Western blot and GUS staining analysis indicated that some transgenic peanut successfully expressed exogenous proinsulin. Peanut seeds can act as insulin storage sites, which is the foundation for further production of recombinant proinsulin from peanut seeds.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 796-799, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792535

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the temporal-spatial distribution and clustering of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD)in Xiaoshan in 2014,and to provide reference and basis for prevention and control.Methods The HFMD data of Xiaoshan in 2014 was derived from the China Information System for Diseases Control and Prevention.The vector map was created by Map Info 10.0 on the background of 1∶65 000 zoning map ,extracted village and community geographical position information from Baidu map.At the village level,the spatial autocorrelation analysis and spatial scanning analysis were made using software ArcGIS10.2 and SaTScan9.2.Results In Xiaoshan,the epidemic curve of HFMD in 2014 showed two peaks,during April to July and during September to October.The global spatial autocorrelation Moran's I index was 0.442 7(P<0.001),and the global Getis-Ord G value was 0.003 3,(E(G)=0.002 1,Z(G)=11.82,P<0.001). Local autocorrelation analysis showed that the cluster state was high-high.Ningwei Street had the most hot spots.Five statistically significant HFMD clusters were identified by space-time scan statistics,the most likely cluster was located in Heshang Town,from January 6 to February 4 (RR=23.00,LLR=17.45,P<0.05).Conclusion In Xiaoshan,the major epidemic peak of HFMD in 2014 was from April to July.A positive spatial correlations was found,and the disease showed a distinct regional distribution feature and temporal-spatial clustering.The clusters were observed including the villages and communities of rural-urban continuum and in vicinity of industrial development zone in countryside.

11.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 214-217,后插6, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602703

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of treatment table with C-arm and immobilization device in IMRT planning accuracy, and to explore methods to solve this problem.Methods The solid water slabs and the ionization chamber was scanned and images were transmitted to the treatment planning system (TPS).Beam parameters in the TPS were set with 6 MV beam and 100 MU exposures were used.Measurements were performed at two different sizes of 5 cm×5 cm and 10 cm×10 cm.The gantry was rotated through angles from 0° to 180° with measurements taken at 5° increments.The measure point was set at center of the ionization chamber' measure point, which was also the central point of planning.The center axis of Matrix was aligned with the center of couch and was irradiated in accordance with the same conditions.OmniPro-FmRT software was used to compare and analyze the dose distribution of the radiation field of measurement and the treatment planning system output.Using the function of add constant value to find the appropriate coefficient to improve the plan total dose.The dose distributions for each beam in IMRT plans which was increased or unincreased total dose were measured for 6 patients with pelvic tumor respectively.Results In radiation therapy, treatment couch and immobilization device may attenuate radiotherapy dose.The impact of the incident range from 65°-70° and 115°-125° were the largest.Increasing the total dose of the treatment plan by 2% could compensate the attenuation of the treatment table and immobilization device.Conclusions In radiation therapy, the impact of the incident range from 65°-70°, 115°-125° and another side of 290°-295° and 230°-245° should be avoided.The attenuation should not be neglected in the TPS and dose should be compensated by adjusting beams' MU.

12.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1039-1043, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237904

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the therapeutic effect of Yishen Qingre Huashi Recipe (YQHR) in treating proteinuria of chronic glomerular disease patients with Pi-Shen deficiency complicated damp-heat syndrome (PSDCDHS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 121 stage 1 -2 primary chronic glomerular disease patients with PSDCDHS were randomly assigned to the treated group (85 cases) and the control group (36 cases) according to 2:1. All patients received conventional and symptomatic treatment. Patients in the treated group took YQHR additionally, while those in the control group took Losartan Potassium Tablet (50 mg each time, once per day) additionally. The therapeutic course for all was 6 months. Changes of 24 h urine protein, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine(SCr), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were observed at different time points. And the difference in therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group after 6 months of treatment, 24 h urine protein obviously decreased in the treated group (P <0. 05). There was no statistical difference in SCr, BUN, or eGFR between the two groups after 6 months of treatment (P >0. 05). The total effective rate after 2, 4, and 6 months of treatment in the treated group was 77. 6% (66/85 cases), 82. 4% (70/85 cases), and 89. 4% (76/85 cases), respectively. They were 47. 2% (17/36 cases), 55. 6% (20/36 cases), and 61. 1% (22/36 cases) in the control group, respectively. Compared with before treatment in the treated group, the total effective effect after 6 months of treatment was higher than that after 2 months of treatment (χ2=4. 28, P <0. 01). Compared with the control group at the same time points, the total effective rate in the treated group after 2, 4, and 6 months of treatment was higher (χ2=10. 87, 9. 53, 13.16, P <0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>YQHR could significantly lower proteinuria in chronic glomerular disease patients with PSDCDHS, improve the clinical effect, thereby providing clinical evidence for treating chronic glomerular disease proteinuria from resolving dampness and clearing heat.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Hot Temperature , Kidney Diseases , Therapeutics , Kidney Glomerulus , Pathology , Losartan , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy , Proteinuria , Therapeutics , Syndrome , Tablets
13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 397-400, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of preoperative slight decline of the pulmonary function in predicting postoperative cardiopulmonary complications (PCC) after left total pneumonectomy of lung cancer patients to guide the clinical surgery of lung can-cer. Methods:Clinical data of 200 lung cancer patients after left total pneumonectomy were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups (PCC and non-PCC) based on the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications within 1 month after the cancer resection. The relationship between the preoperative slight or moderate to severe reduction of pulmonary func-tion and postoperative complications was explored. The correlation between the preoperative slight decline of the pulmonary function index and PCC was also analyzed. Results:Among the 200 patients, 35, 45, and 120 demonstrated normal, slightly, and moderately to severely reduced pulmonary functions, and 28.6%, 53.3%, and 62.5% showed PCC within 1 month after the surgical resection (χ2=12.611, P=0.002). Significant differences in the slightly reduced pulmonary function parameters MVV% (70% ≤ MVV0.05). However, statistically significant differences were observed when both FEV1%and MVV%were slightly reduced (χ2=6.598, P=0.010). Conclusion:The preoperative slight reduction values of FEV1%and MVV%were the risk factors in predicting PCC after left pneumo-nectomy in lung cancer patients. The slightly reduced FEV1%or MVV%alone cannot influence PCC. Both slightly reduced FEV1%and MVV%were the risk factors of PCC. Perioperative management should be strengthened for these patients to lower the incidence of PCC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 314-317, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434860

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the difference in the measurement of the absorbed dose in water between the dosimetry protocols of IAEA TRS-398 and TRS-277 for high-energy electron beams.Methods The differences were compare in absorbed doses from 6 kinds of electron beams among the three methods of using cylindrical chamber,plane-parallel chamber and cross-calibrated plane-parallel chamber which was calibrated in user' s high-energy electron beam according to IAEA TRS-398 and IAEA TRS-277.Results The difference in absorbed doses measured,following the two protocols,was 0.4%-2.3% for planeparallel chamber,0.6%-2.2% for cylindrical chamber,and 0.5%-2.0% for cross-calibrated chamber.The differences in measured absorbed doses between the two dosimetry protocols were slight.Conclusions The methods used to determine absorbed dose to water recommanded by IAEA TRS-398 for high-energy beams are more accurate and more suitable for clinical users to measure compared to the TRS-277.

15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2756-2757, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428134

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the inducement,clinical manifestations,diagnosis and treatment of diabetes patients with multiple organ failure(MOF).Methods A retrospective analysis of 64 diabetes patients with multiple organ failure was executed,the clinical data were statistically analyzed.Results Heart failure was the most common in 64 cases with a incidence of 100.0%,the rest common failure organ were kidney(92.2% ),brain( 32.8% ),lung ( 14.1% ),gastrointestinal tract (3.1% ),and liver( 1.6% ).Cases with the glucose level over 33.5mmol/L illustrated a significantly higher incidence than other groups ( P < 0.05 ),glucose level between 22.5 and 33.4mmol/L group was significantly higher than the 12.2 ~ 22.4mmol/L group( P < 0.05 ) The inducement of MOF were infection (76.6% ) medication terminate ( 9.4% ),ketoacidosis ( 7.8% ),cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents (6.3% ).Conclusion Positive control of blood glucose in the early stage of diabetes,prevent complications,eliminate the incentive could reduce the incidence of MOF,eventually reduce the mortality rate.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1207-1211, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235161

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 (SATB1) mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore its correlation to the clinicopathological features, surgical outcomes and metastasis of HCC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The total RNA was extracted from 102 HCC tissues and the adjacent tissues, and the expression of SATB1 mRNA was detected using quantitative real-time PCR. The correlations of SATB1 mRNA expression to the clinicopathological features, postoperative recurrence and metastasis of the tumor were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of SATB1 mRNA in HCC tissues was 3.27 folds higher than that in the adjacent tissues (P<0.001). The expression of SATB1 mRNA in HCC was associated with liver cirrhosis, AFP level, tumor size, tumor thrombi, histological differentiation, TNM classification, postoperative recurrence and metastasis (P<0.05), but not to the patients' gender, age, HbsAg positivity, HCV-Ab positivity, tumor number, or the presence of tumor encapsulation (P>0.05). In patients with significant high expression, high expression, and low expression of SATB1 mRNA, the postoperative recurrence rates were 82.68%, 0, and 0, with the 3-year survival rate of 0, 52.63%, and 100%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SATB1 mRNA expression is associated with the postoperative recurrence and metastasis of HCC, and can be used as an indicator for predicting the recurrence and metastasis of HCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Attachment Region Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Metastasis , Diagnosis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Diagnosis , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods
17.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 102-106,后插3, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597841

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the biomechanieal properties of tendons repaired by five suture techniques in different stage of healing process.Methods After establishing the zone Ⅱ FDP transection model in 2nd,3rd,4th too of both feet in female fowls,the ruptured tendons were repaired with Modified Kessler ( M K ),Kessler plus running ( K +R ),double-strand Kessler ( DK ),double loop (DT) and modified double loop (MT) methods,respectively.Passive and active mobilizations were applied on the 3rd day and 21st day postoperatively.Animals were executed postoperatively,on the 14th,21st and 35th days,respectively and both feet were harvested for biomechanical test.Results Anatomical findings included: The breakage incidence of K+R group was smaller than that of MK group.The excellent and good results of K+R and DK groups were higher compared with that of MK group.Biomechanical results showed: The MK group had the poorest biomechanical results in every stage of tendon healing (P<0.05) except that the results from MK group on the 35th showed no statistical difference compared with that of MT and DT in extreme load;K+R group exbited the greatest extreme load and tensile strength (P<0.05);Biomechanical test results from all groups showed significant differences on different testing point: 35th day>21st day>14th day(P<0.05 );No significant differences were found in all groups between the immediate postoperative results onlst day and that from 14th day.ConclusionDuring the recovery of tendon,biomechanical properties returned to the immediate postoperative level on the 14th day and increased along with time.K+R group shows the superiority to the other methods in biomechanical properties as well as low breaking incidence ratein every stage of tendon healing.Kessler plus running is an effective method with high strength against breakage and great resistance to adhesion formation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 285-288, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403393

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The main difficulties of whole-cell patch clamP are cell culture and whole-call current recording. OBJECTIVE: To reduce the difficulty of patch-clamp experiment by combining acute cell isolation with current separation technique. METHODS: A total of 40 wistar rats aged 4-7 days, irrespective of genders, were selected. The pallium of wistar rats were cut into slices with 400-600 μm, rested for 1 hour in artificial cerebrospinal fluid with gas mixture, simultaneously put in oxygen. The brain tissues were placed into artificial cerebrospinal fluid containing 16 u/mL(type X) and 2 u/mL(type XIV) proteinase, incubated for 60 minutes, and cleared the digestive enzyme. Under the whole-cell voltage clamp mode, the potential was hold at -80mV, depolarizing pulse stimulation from -60 mV to 60 mV, 10 mV step and 160 ms width. The total Tran membranes current was recorded, and then 70 mmol/LCsCI, 70mmol/L CsF was 11 μmol/L Na~+ channel blockers tetrodotoxin, 30 mmol/L tetraethylammonium, 1 mmol/L 4-AP was successively added into extracellular fluid. The inward sodium current, transient outward potassium current and delayed rectifier potassium current was recorded, and then the result was analyzed using clampfit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:①Cell morphological observation; ②Whole-ceil current recording;③Inward sodium currentrecording; ④Outward potassium current recording.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The cell had clearly three-dimensional structure, smooth surface and whole neurodendrite or neuraxon. The cell viability could maintained for 8-10 hours at 25 ℃ temperature. The added 11 tetrodotoxin in extracellular fluid could block sodium Current. The outward potassium current could be blocked by tetraethylammonium with 30 mmol/L and 4-AP with 1 mmol/L. The calls harvested by modified rapid dissociation have good functions. Using current separation method, only specific blockers are needed, without extracellular fluid or electrode solution replacing, which can record the inward sodium current, transient outward potassium current, as well as delayed rectifier potassium current. This method can obviously improve the work efficiency than traditional one.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 33-38, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237028

ABSTRACT

Alpha-linolenic acid(ALA, C18:3delta9,12,15 ) is an essential fatty acid which has many sanitary functions to human. However, its contents in diets are often not enough. In plants, omega-3 fatty acid desaturases(FAD) catalyze linoleic acid(LA, C18:2delta9,12) into ALA. The seed oil of Glycine max contains high level of ALA. To investigate the functions of Glycine max omega-3FAD, the cDNA of GmFAD3 C was amplified by RT-PCR from immature seeds, then cloned into the shuttle expression vector p416 to generate the recombinant vector p4GFAD3C. The resulting vector was transformed into Saccharomyces cerevisiae K601 throuth LiAc method. The positive clones were screened on the CM(Ura-) medium and identified by PCR, and then cultured in CM (Ura-) liquid medium with exogenous LA in 20 degrees C for three days. The intracellular fatty acid composition of the engineering strain Kp416 and Kp4GFAD3C was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC). A novel peak in strain Kp4GFAD3C was detected,which was not detectable in control, Comparison of the retention times of the newly yielded peak with that of authentic standard indicated that the fatty acid is ALA. The content of ALA reached to 3.1% of the total fatty acid in recombinant strain, the content of LA correspondingly decreased from 22% to 16.2% by contrast. It was suggested that the protein encoded by GmFAD3 C can specifically catalyze 18 carbon PUFA substrate of LA into ALA by taking off hydrogen atoms at delta15 location. In this study, we expressed a Glycine max omega-3 fatty acid desaturase gene in S. cerevisiae; An efficient and economical yeast expressing system(K601-p416 system) which is suitable for the expression of FAD was built.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Gas , Cloning, Molecular , Fatty Acid Desaturases , Genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Glycine max , Genetics , alpha-Linolenic Acid , Genetics
20.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640707

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the indications and surgical approaches of full-thickness eyelid reconstruction with superficial temporal artery island flap and oral mucosa free grafting,and evaluate the safety and efficacy.Methods A total of 13 eyes of 13 patients with wide full-thickness eyelid defect were treated by the eyelid reconstruction with superficial temporal artery island flap and oral mucosa free grafting.The defect area was(33.67?8.35) mm?(16.44?4.45) mm and the size of island flap was(38.56?8.99)mm?(18.44?4.00)mm.Eight cases were treated with oral lip mucosa grafting,while the other 5 with hard plate muco-periosteal free grafting.Follow up was conducted for 6 to 24 months. Results The flaps were clinically viable in 10 cases and partially viable in 2.One was inviable for venous circumfluence failure,and a successful free skin grafting was conducted 3 months postoperation.All the grafted oral mucosa survived.Five cases underwent the second surgery to thin the island flap,among whom 3 were performed eyelid suspension with the frontal muscle.The survived flaps were similar to skin in colour,soft in nature,and could effectively protect the eyeballs. Conclusion The superficial temporal artery island flap along with oral mucosa free grafting works well in wide full-thickness eyelid reconstruction.

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