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1.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 299-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986031

ABSTRACT

14 workers in the 1, 8-diaminonaphthalene workshop of a chemical company in Nantong City had symptoms or signs of varying degrees of pruritus and pigmentation of the face, neck and waist. Pathological examination of skin biopsies showed hyperkeratosis, the basal cells were liquefied and denatured. Seven workers were eventually diagnosed with occupational melanosis. To explore the causes of occupational melanosis caused by exposure to 1, 8-dinitronaphthalene and 1, 8-diaminonaphthalene, and to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of occupational melanosis in the future, this paper reported 14 cases of melanosis in the skin of workers in chemical industry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Melanosis/pathology , Pigmentation , Skin/pathology
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 741-744, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991402

ABSTRACT

In order to help the standardized residency training of nuclear medicine residents, the standardized residency training base of nuclear medicine residents in Peking University People's Hospital, combined with forty-five nuclear medicine departments of teaching hospital, established the WeChat official account of "Standardized Residency Training of Nuclear Medicine" and submitted one teaching case per week. The appearance of the WeChat official account of "Standardized Residency Training of Nuclear Medicine" has made up for the shortcomings of insufficient teaching cases in a single training base, strengthened the training of residents' imaging diagnostic thinking, and promoted mutual learning among the bases. By writing teaching cases, instructors and residents have opened up ideas, increased knowledge, improved self-learning ability, and cultivated imaging diagnostic thinking. With the flexible and practical features of the WeChat official account, the consciousness and sustainability of residents' learning have been enhanced.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 852-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978754

ABSTRACT

Nanomedicine is one of the most promising fields in biomedicine. Inorganic nanomaterials stand out among many nanomaterials due to their excellent physicochemical properties, stable chemical properties and high biocompatibility. As an inorganic nanomaterial, bismuth-based nanomaterials have the advantages of adjustable band gap, low toxicity, easy functionalization, large X-ray attenuation coefficient, high photothermal conversion efficiency and long cycle half-life, so they have good promising application in cancer diagnosis and treatment. This review summarizes the recent research progress of bismuth-based nanomaterials in tumor diagnosis, treatment and biosafety, which provides a theoretical basis for the design and exploitation of a new generation of bismuth-based nanomedicine systems.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1842-1850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978657

ABSTRACT

Lu Dangshen, a traditional authentic medicinal material of Codonopsis Radix is mainly produced in Shangdang (Changzhi) area of Shanxi Province. Baitiao Dangshen is mainly produced in Gansu Province. Codonopsis Radix contains many kinds of components such as phenylpropanoids, polyalkynes, alkaloids, terpenes, fatty acids, flavonoids, and so on. At present, the effect of producing areas on its chemical compositions has not been systematically studied. This study analyzed the differences of metabolites among Codonopsis pilosula from different producing areas by UPLC-HRMS. PCA, OPLS-DA coupled with Thermo mzcloud online and local databases were used to compare the overall differences of metabolites among Codonopsis pilosula from different producing areas, and the chemical constituents were identified to further screen and find out the different metabolites and analyze the metabolic pathways by information retrieval in HMDB, PubChem, Chemspider and KEGG databases. The results showed that 72 differential metabolites were identified in this study. There were 15 kinds of up-regulated and 57 kinds of down-regulated metabolites of Lu Dangshen compared with Baitiao Dangshen. The top 30 metabolic pathways were analyzed by KEGG enrichment, and the most important metabolic pathways were phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, which was demonstrated that phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway and related intermediate metabolites could be used as the characteristics of distinguishing Lu Dangshen from different habitats of Codonopsis pilosula. The present study provided a basis for analyzing the influence of producing areas on the chemical components of Codonopsis pilosula and reasonably evaluating the quality of Codonopsis Radix, and also provided a new idea for expounding the authenticity of Lu Dangshen.

5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 50-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970446

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the image quality of three high-resolution dynamic MRI methods for evaluating the motion of temporomandibular joint disc and condyle. Methods Twenty-five patients with suspected temporomandibular joint disorders were examined by single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE),fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA),and spoiled gradient echo (SPGR) on the oblique sagittal position.Two radiologists performed subjective and objective evaluation on the images with double-blind method.The subjective evaluation included the signal intensity of mandibular condyle,articular disc,soft tissue around articular disc,and lateral pterygoid muscle,the contrast between articular disc and condyle,the contrast between articular disc and surrounding soft tissue,condylar motion,and disc movement.The objective evaluation indexes included image signal intensity,signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR).The subjective and objective indexes of the image quality were compared between the three sequences. Results The SSFSE sequence had lower signal intensity of articular disc and higher signal intensity of condyle and surrounding soft tissue than FIESTA and SPGR sequences (all P<0.001).The SPGR sequence showed higher signal intensity of lateral pterygoid muscle than the SSFSE and FIESTA sequences (P=0.017,P<0.001).Among the three sequences,SSFSE sequence showed the clearest articular disc structure (χ2=41.952,P<0.001),the strongest contrast between articular disc and condyle (χ2=35.379,P<0.001),the strongest contrast between articular disc and surrounding soft tissue (χ2=27.324,P<0.001),and the clearest movement of articular disc (χ2=44.655,P<0.001).SSFSE and FIESTA sequences showed higher proportion of disc displacement and reduction than SPGR sequence (all P<0.001).The CNR (χ2=21.400,P<0.001),SNR (χ2=34.880,P<0.001),and condyle signal intensity (F=337.151,P<0.001) demonstrated differences among SSFSE,FIESTA,and SPGR sequences.The CNR of SSFSE sequence was higher than that of FIESTA sequence (P<0.001),while it had no significant difference between SSFSE and SPGR sequences (P=0.472).In addition,the SSFSE sequence had higher SNR and signal intensity than FIESTA and SPGR sequences (all P<0.001). Conclusion The best image quality can be observed from SSFSE sequence where both the structure and movement of temporomandibular joint are well displayed.Therefore,SSFSE is preferred for the examination of temporomandibular joint movement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint/diagnostic imaging , Motion , Plastic Surgery Procedures
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1490-1495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940009

ABSTRACT

Bioinformatics, an emerging discipline focusing on genomics and proteomics, is both comprehensive and interdisciplinary of biology, computer science, information engineering and statistics. In the ophthalmic biological genetic research, cornea, lens, aqueous humor, vitreous and retina are ideal bioinformatic research objects in the field of ophthalmic biological genes because of their abundance in biological information. Genomics testing techniques have the characteristics of high efficiency and accuracy, which helps us to screen the differentially expressed genes related to ophthalmic tumors and genetic diseases; Proteomics can help us analyze the protein expression profile and functional changes caused by the high and low gene expression in intraocular fluid or isolated cells in diseases states, revealing the mechanism of disease. This paper mainly summarizes the application of bioinformatics in ophthalmic diseases, and preliminarily envisage its impact on the current treatment, the existing problems and the development trend in the future.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2304-2308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928108

ABSTRACT

Mycena, a symbiont of Gastrodia elata, promotes seed germination of G. elata and plays a crucial role in the sexual reproduction of G. elata. However, the lack of genetic transformation system of Mycena blocks the research on the interaction mechanism of the two. In order to establish the protoplast transformation system of Mycena, this study analyzed the protoplast enzymatic hydrolysis system, screened the resistance markers and regeneration medium, and explored the transient transformation. After hydrolysis of Mycena hyphae with complexes enzymes for 8 h and centrifugation at 4 000 r·min~(-1), high-concentration and quality protoplast was obtained. The optimum regeneration medium for Mycena was RMV, and the optimum resistance marker was 50 mg·mL~(-1) hygromycin. The pLH-HygB-HuSHXG-GFP-HdSHXG was transformed into the protoplast of Mycena which then expressed GFP. The established protoplast transformation system of Mycena laid a foundation for analyzing the functional genes of Mycena and the molecular mechanism of the symbiosis of Mycena and G. elata.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Gastrodia/genetics , Protoplasts , Symbiosis/genetics , Transformation, Genetic
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 435-440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression levels and clinical significance of helper T cell 1/helper T cell 2 (Th1/Th2) cytokine and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) complicated by infection.@*METHODS@#68 patients with AL complicated by infection admitted to Wuhan Fifth Hospital from May 2017 to January 2020 were enrolled as study group, 50 AL patients without infection were enrolled as AL group, and 30 healthy volunteers checked in physical examination center were enrolled as healthy control group. The levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cells subsets were measured and compared among the three groups. The serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 were compared between the patients with mild to moderate infection (n=52) and septic shock (n=16). The relationship between IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, Th1/Th2 and AL infection was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The levels of IL-6, IL-10 , TNF-α, and the proportion of Th2 of the patients in study group and AL group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.001), while the proportion of Th1 and Th1/Th2 were significantly lower than those in healthy control group (P<0.001). The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α, and the proportion of Th2 the patients in study group were significantly higher than those in AL group (P<0.001), while the proportion of Th1 and Th1/Th2 were significantly lower than those in AL group (P<0.001). The serum IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α level of the patients in septic shock group were significantly higher than those in mild-to-moderate infection group (P<0.001), while Th1/Th2 was lower than those in mild-to-moderate infection group (P<0.001). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) values of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 alone for the diagnosis of septic shock were 0.779, 0.761, 0.724 and 0.718, which were lower than that their combination (0.910) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of serum IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α are high in patients with AL complicated infection and septic shock, while Th1/Th2 cell subsets is low. The combined detection of serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 is a good diagnostic value for predicting the occurrence of severe septic shock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukemia/metabolism , Shock, Septic/metabolism , Th1 Cells/metabolism , Th2 Cells/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2216-2223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936583

ABSTRACT

Lu Dangshen is the geoherb in Shanxi Province. The content of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides (CPP) in Lu Dangshen is more than that in other Codonopsis Radix from other regions. Glycosyltransferase is the key enzyme for the synthesis of bioactive components, such as CPP and tangshenoside I. Based on the transcriptome data of C. pilosula [Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.] from different producing areas, this study carried out functional annotation of GO and KEGG, conservative domain analysis, phylogenetic tree analysis and expression pattern analysis of glycosyltransferase genes in C. pilosula to provides a theoretical basis for exploring the mechanism of genuineness formation in Lu Dangshen. In this study, 98 glycosyltransferase genes were screened and identified, which belonged to GT family 1, GT family 2, GT family 90 and other families. By GO functional annotation, it was found that most of the glycosyltransferase genes had catalytic activity. Analysis of KEGG functional annotation showed that C. pilosula glycosyltransferase was mainly involved in glycan organism and terpenoid and polyketone metabolism. Among them, conserved domain of 42 glycosyltransferase genes in GT family 1 was [X]-W-[2X]-Q-[3X]-[LH]-[5X]-[FLTHCGWNS]-[2X]-E-[4X]-[GVP]-[4X]-P-[4X]-Q-[2X]-[NAK]. Phylogenetic tree analysis based on the glycosyltransferase sequence in Arabidopsis thaliana showed that C. pilosula glycosyltransferases were mainly located in Arabidopsis thaliana UGT73, 72 and 85 branches. Gene expression pattern analysis showed that expression of CpUGT73AH2 was higher in Lu Dangshen than that in Baitiaodang and could respond to drought and low temperature stress. In conclusion, a glycosyltransferase gene CpUGT73AH2, which is involved in the metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides and can respond to environmental stress, was screened from the C. pilosula glycosyltransferase family 1, which was used to further study the role of C. pilosula glycosyltransferase in Lu Dangshen. It laid a theoretical foundation for further study on the role of C. pilosula glycosyltransferase in the formation of Lu Dangshen.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 103-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935484

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the expression of four mismatch repair proteins (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2) and NTRK genetic fusions in colorectal cancer. Methods: The paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of 830 cases of colorectal cancer were collected at the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, China, from 2015 to 2019. Immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH) method were used respectively to detect the expression of mismatch repair proteins and the break-apart of NTRKs; and the relationship between the expression of mismatch repair proteins and the NTRK genetic fusions was analyzed. Results: The overall mismatch repair protein deficiency (dMMR) rate was 9.88% (82/830), the mismatch repair proteins proficiency (pMMR) rate was 90.12%(748/830). The total deficiency rate of MLH1 protein was 9.04% (75/830), hPMS2 protein deficiency rate was 9.04% (75/830), MSH2 protein deficiency rate was 2.53% (21/830), MSH6 protein deficiency rate was 4.10% (34/830), the deficiency rate of synchronous MLH1 and PMS2 were 8.67% (72/830) and the deficiency rate of synchronous MSH2 and MSH6 were 2.17% (18/830). The dMMR group was associated with tumor location, different histological subgroups, tumor differentiation, AJCC stage and N stage (P<0.05). There were six cases (7.32%) carrying NTRK fusion by FISH among the 82 cases of dMMR, but only seven cases (0.94%) carrying NTRK fusion among the 748 cases of PMMR. The NTRKs translocation by FISH in all 13 cases were further confirmed by next generation sequencing. Among the clinicopathological characteristics, only differentiation showed significant difference between NTRK fusion positive and negative groups (P<0.05). More importantly, NTRK fusion was enriched in dMMR group (7.32% vs. 0.94%). Conclusion: In dMMR colorectal cancer group, the prevalence of NTRK fusion is higher than that in pMMR group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , DNA Mismatch Repair/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2/metabolism , MutL Protein Homolog 1/metabolism , MutS Homolog 2 Protein/metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 684-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of the assessment of plasma trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) combined with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) on predicting the all-cause mortality, length of hospitalization, and hospital cost in ischemic heart failure (IHF) patients. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 189 patients (157 males, mean age (64.0±10.5) years) with a left ventricular ejection fraction<45% caused by coronary artery disease, who hospitalized in our department from March 2016 to December 2020. Baseline data, including demographics, comorbid conditions and laboratory examination, were analyzed. The cumulative rate of all-cause mortality was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared between the groups according to the log-rank test. Relative risks were reported as hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) calculated using the Cox proportional-hazards analysis, with stepwise adjustment for covariables. Spearman correlation analysis was then performed to determine the relationship between TMAO combined with NT-proBNP and length of hospitalization and hospital cost. Results: There were 50 patients in the low TMAO+low NT-proBNP group, 89 patients in high TMAO or high NT-proBNP group, 50 patients in high TMAO+high NT-proBNP group. The mean follow-up period was 3.0 years. Death occurred in 70 patients (37.0%), 27 patients (54.0%) in high TMAO+high NT-proBNP group, 29 patients (32.6%) in high TMAO or high NT-proBNP group and 14 patients (28.0%) in low TMAO+low NT-proBNP group. TMAO, in combination with NT-proBNP, improved all-cause mortality prediction in IHF patients when stratified as none, one or both biomarker(s) elevation, with the highest risk of all-cause mortality in high TMAO+high NT-proBNP group (HR=3.62, 95%CI 1.89-6.96, P<0.001). ROC curve analysis further confirmed that TMAO combined with NT-proBNP strengthened the prediction performance on the risk of all-cause death (AUC=0.727(95%CI 0.640-0.813), sensitivity 55.0%, characteristic 83.1%). Spearman correlation analysis showed that IHF patients with high TMAO and high NT-proBNP were positively associated with longer duration of hospitalization (r=0.191,P=0.009), but not associated with higher hospital cost (r=0.030, P=0.686). Conclusions: TMAO combined with NT-proBNP are valuable prediction tool on risk stratification of patients with IHF, and those with two biomarkers elevation face the highest risk of mortality during follow-up period, and are associated with the longer hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Hospitalization , Methylamines/blood , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1570-1582, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951940

ABSTRACT

Human genetic prion diseases (gPrDs) are directly associated with mutations and insertions in the PRNP (Prion Protein) gene. We collected and analyzed the data of 218 Chinese gPrD patients identified between Jan 2006 and June 2020. Nineteen different subtypes were identified and gPrDs accounted for 10.9% of all diagnosed PrDs within the same period. Some subtypes of gPrDs showed a degree of geographic association. The age at onset of Chinese gPrDs peaked in the 50–59 year group. Gerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker syndrome (GSS) and fatal familial insomnia (FFI) cases usually displayed clinical symptoms earlier than genetic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (gCJD) patients with point mutations. A family history was more frequently recalled in P105L GSS and D178N FFI patients than T188K and E200K patients. None of the E196A gCJD patients reported a family history. The gCJD cases with point mutations always developed clinical manifestations typical of sporadic CJD (sCJD). EEG examination was not sensitive for gPrDs. sCJD-associated abnormalities on MRI were found in high proportions of GSS and gCJD patients. CSF 14-3-3 positivity was frequently detected in gCJD patients. Increased CSF tau was found in more than half of FFI and T188K gCJD cases, and an even higher proportion of E196A and E200K gCJD patients. 63.6% of P105L GSS cases showed a positive reaction in cerebrospinal fluid RT-QuIC. GSS and FFI cases had longer durations than most subtypes of gCJD. This is one of the largest studies of gPrDs in East Asians, and the illness profile of Chinese gPrDs is clearly distinct. Extremely high proportions of T188K and E196A occur among Chinese gPrDs; these mutations are rarely reported in Caucasians and Japanese.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 565-569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912803

ABSTRACT

The development of information technology in the medical industry is accelerating the construction of 3-level rehabilitation networks centering on community-based rehabilitation, which is based on the Internet and in combination with the Internet of things(IOT). A municipal rehabilitation hospital cooperated with the health centers of sub-district communities in the city to build a remote rehabilitation network based on IOT technology, for rehabilitation training of community stroke patients. The two sides worked out a cooperation scheme on project management, designed and built a remote community rehabilitation management model. Under the remote monitoring and equipment data IOT, the medical team of the municipal rehabilitation hospital could formulate the therapeutic plan according to the immediately obtained relevant functional evaluation data, and the medical team of the community health service center was responsible for the implementation of the plan. Fifty-three patients in the experimental group received the training of remote lower limb intelligent feedback system based on IOT together with routine rehabilitation training. After 8 weeks of treatment, the functional evaluation data of the two groups were improved in varying degrees( P< 0.05), but the improvement of the experimental group was significantly better than that of the control group( P < 0.05). Remote rehabilitation under the construction path of remote rehabilitation network based on IOT technology could significantly promote the improvement of post-functional rehabilitation of community stroke patients. This study can provide reference for the construction of three-level remote rehabilitation networks based on IOT and the implementation of home-based remote rehabilitation therapy in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1275-1279, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the safety and efficacy of Anthocyanins for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.Methods:From November 2018 to December 2020, a multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled clinical study was conducted in 6 hospitals.The regular medication for the two groups was memantine, with the addition of a combination preparation containing Anthocyanins for the experimental group and a placebo for the control group.The Mini-Mental State Scale(MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale(MoCA), Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale(ADAS-cog), Activities of Daily Living Scale(ADCS-ADL)and Hamilton Depression Scale(HAMD)were used for assessment at the beginning.After 16 weeks of treatment, MMSE, MoCA, ADCS-ADL, ADAS-cog and the Clinician's Interview-Based Impression of Change Plus Caregiver Input(CIBIC-Plus)Scale were conducted and adverse events were recorded.Results:A total of 66 patients were enrolled, with 33 in the control group and 33 in the experimental group.There were no significant differences in cognitive function scores between the two groups before enrollment.Differences in MMSE scores, MOCA scores and ADAS-cog scores before and after treatment between the control group and the experimental group were 1.9±2.4 vs.3.4±2.0( t=2.62, P=0.011), 1.8±1.9 vs.2.9±1.4( t=2.45, P=0.018)and 3.0±2.3 vs.5.3±4.6( t=2.45, P=0.019), respectively.The differences were statistically significant.Instrumental activities of daily living(IADL)scores before and after treatment in the control group were 21.6±5.7 vs.22.6±6.2( t= 2.09, P= 0.046), and those in the experimental group were 22.7±5.4 vs.23.4±5.4( t= 2.45, P= 0.021). The differences between the two groups before and after treatment were statistically significant. Conclusions:Treatment with Anthocyanins can delay the decline of cognitive function and activities of daily living ability in patients with Alzheimer's disease.Anthocyanins may be a promising therapeutic drug for Alzheimer's disease in the future.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1968-1985, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887775

ABSTRACT

Phytocannabinoids are bioactive terpenoids that are exclusive to Cannabis sativa L. The main pharmacologically active phytocannabinoids are Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, both target endogenous cannabinoid receptors. Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol have extensive therapeutic potential due to their participation in many physiological and pathological processes in human body by activating the endocannabinoid system. At present, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and their analogues or combination preparations are used to treat epilepsy, vomiting in patients with cancer chemotherapy, spasticity in multiple sclerosis and relieve neuropathic pain and pain in patients with advanced cancer. With the further exploration of the application value of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol as well as the increasing demand for standardization of pharmaceutical preparations, it is imminent to achieve large-scale production of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in the pharmaceutical industry. In this article, pharmacological research progress of phytocannabinoids in recent years, biosynthetic pathways of phytocannabinoids and the mechanism of key enzymes as well as various product development strategies of cannabinoids in pharmaceutical industry are reviewed. By exploring the potential of synthetic biology as an alternative strategy for the source of phytocannabinoids, it will provide a theoretical basis for the research and development of microbial engineering for cannabinoids synthesis, and promote the large-scale production of medicinal cannabinoids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cannabidiol , Cannabinoids/biosynthesis , Cannabis , Receptors, Cannabinoid
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 347-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window in the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to February 2018, 35 patients with single-segment prolapse and displaced lumbar disc herniation were treated by the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window under general anesthesia. Among them, there were 21 males and 14 females;aged (42±17) years;27 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful and the operation time was 30 to 60 min with an average of 40 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 10 to 30 ml with an average of 20 ml. All the patients were followed up for 1 to 3 years with an average of 1.2 years. Thirty-five patients with low back pain and lower limb symptoms were significantly relieved or disappeared. According to modified Macnab standard, 29 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, and 1 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Applying the concept of minimally invasive operation, small incision interlaminar window and simple nucleus pulposus removal for the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation has the advantages of short operation time, definite curative effect, and less trauma. And it is a safe and effective surgical method under the premise of strict control of the indications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Nucleus Pulposus , Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 139-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) at different concentrations on seed germination, seedling growth and key enzyme activities for flavonoid biosynthesis in <italic>Astragalus membranaceus </italic>var.<italic> mongholicus</italic> under polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced drought stress, in order to provide theoretical reference for standardizing the drought-resistant cultivation techniques of <italic>A. membranaceus </italic>var.<italic> mongholicus</italic>. Method:The seeds of <italic>A. membranaceus </italic>var.<italic> mongholicus </italic>were soaked in EBR solution at different concentrations(0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) followed by foliar spraying to explore their effects on seed germination, seedling growth, photosynthesis, chlorophyll and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, and key enzyme activities for flavonoid biosynthesis under drought stress induced by 20% polyethylene glycol (PEG)-6000. Result:Compared with the control(CK)group, PEG-induced drought stress led to an obvious decrease in germination potential, germination rate, germination index, vigor index, relative germination rate, plant height, root length, aboveground and root dry weight, net photosynthetic rate (<italic>Pn</italic>), stomata conductance (<italic>Gs</italic>)<italic>, </italic>transpiration rate (<italic>Tr</italic>), chlorophyll contents and chlorophyll a/b ratio, while a significant increase in intercellular carbon dioxide concentration (<italic>Gi</italic>), MDA, flavonoids contents, and key enzyme activities for flavonoid biosynthesis such as phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL). The treatment with exogenous EBR solution at the suitable concentration significantly enhanced the adaptation of <italic>A. membranaceus </italic>var.<italic> mongholicus </italic>seeds and seedlings to PEG-induced drought stress, manifested as significantly elevated germination potential, germination rate, germination index, vigor index, relative germination rate, plant height, root length, aboveground and root dry weight, <italic>Pn</italic>, <italic>Gs, Tr</italic>, chlorophyll a/b ratio, chlorophyll and flavonoids contents and key enzyme activities for flavonoid biosynthesis like PAL while lowered <italic>Ci</italic> and MDA contents. The optimal concentration of EBR solution was 0.1 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>. Conclusion:Exogenous EBR solution at the suitable concentration ameliorates the inhibitory effect of 20% PEG stress against seed germination and seedling growth of <italic>A. membranaceus </italic>var.<italic> mongholicus</italic>, reduces the oxidative damage in leaves, and improves the stress resistance to a certain extent by up-regulating the key enzyme activities and promoting flavonoid synthesis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 162-171, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grade evaluation method for Codonopsis Radix slices based relative quality constants, in order to provide scientific theoretical basis for grading of Codonopsis Radix slices. Method:Through literature and market research,the main production areas of Codonopsis Radix slices were determined,and 67 batches of Ludangshen slices(52 batches) and Baitiaodang slices (15 batches) were collected. The appearance traits (average quality and average thickness of Codonopsis Radix slices) were observed and measured. According to Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition), the extract and the content of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharide was determined by phenol-sulphoacid method. Then the relative quality constant was calculated,and the results of grade evaluation were evaluated through systematic cluster analysis and correlation analysis. Result:Relative quality constants of 67 batches of Codonopsis Radix slices were between 0.32-2.97. If these samples were divided into three grades:the first-grade relative quality constants were greater than or equal to 2.08,the second grade was greater than or equal to 0.89 but less than 2.08,while the third grade was less than 0.89. The results of systematic cluster analysis showed that 67 batches of Codonopsis Radix slices were clustered into 3 categories,and the results were basically consistent with the classification. The correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between the content of the extracts and the polysaccharide content (P<0.05). Conclusion:This method links the extrinsic characteristics to the intrinsic quality,and objectively grade Codonopsis Radix slices, so as to provide a basis for its grade standards.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3035-3059, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922741

ABSTRACT

Various boron-containing drugs have been approved for clinical use over the past two decades, and more are currently in clinical trials. The increasing interest in boron-containing compounds is due to their unique binding properties to biological targets; for example, boron substitution can be used to modulate biological activity, pharmacokinetic properties, and drug resistance. In this perspective, we aim to comprehensively review the current status of boron compounds in drug discovery, focusing especially on progress from 2015 to December 2020. We classify these compounds into groups showing anticancer, antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic and other activities, and discuss the biological targets associated with each activity, as well as potential future developments.

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1570-1582, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922660

ABSTRACT

Human genetic prion diseases (gPrDs) are directly associated with mutations and insertions in the PRNP (Prion Protein) gene. We collected and analyzed the data of 218 Chinese gPrD patients identified between Jan 2006 and June 2020. Nineteen different subtypes were identified and gPrDs accounted for 10.9% of all diagnosed PrDs within the same period. Some subtypes of gPrDs showed a degree of geographic association. The age at onset of Chinese gPrDs peaked in the 50-59 year group. Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) and fatal familial insomnia (FFI) cases usually displayed clinical symptoms earlier than genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (gCJD) patients with point mutations. A family history was more frequently recalled in P105L GSS and D178N FFI patients than T188K and E200K patients. None of the E196A gCJD patients reported a family history. The gCJD cases with point mutations always developed clinical manifestations typical of sporadic CJD (sCJD). EEG examination was not sensitive for gPrDs. sCJD-associated abnormalities on MRI were found in high proportions of GSS and gCJD patients. CSF 14-3-3 positivity was frequently detected in gCJD patients. Increased CSF tau was found in more than half of FFI and T188K gCJD cases, and an even higher proportion of E196A and E200K gCJD patients. 63.6% of P105L GSS cases showed a positive reaction in cerebrospinal fluid RT-QuIC. GSS and FFI cases had longer durations than most subtypes of gCJD. This is one of the largest studies of gPrDs in East Asians, and the illness profile of Chinese gPrDs is clearly distinct. Extremely high proportions of T188K and E196A occur among Chinese gPrDs; these mutations are rarely reported in Caucasians and Japanese.


Subject(s)
Humans , 14-3-3 Proteins/cerebrospinal fluid , China , Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Prion Diseases/genetics , Prion Proteins/genetics , Prions/genetics , tau Proteins/cerebrospinal fluid
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