Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 417
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design a knowledge-based cervical cancer planning model and apply it to cases of endometrial cancer and rectal cancer in order to explore the generalization of the model.Methods:A total of 179 cases of pelvic regions with different prescribed doses of dual-arc volumetric modulated arc therapy clinical plans were collected, of which 99 cases of cervical cancer clinical plans with a prescribed dose of 50.4 Gy were used as the training set to establish the RapidPlan model, and the remaining clinical plans were divided into 4 validation groups with 20 cases in each group. The clinical plans for cervical cancer and endometrial cancer with a prescription dose of 50.4 Gy were named groups A and B, while the clinical plan for endometrial cancer and rectal cancer with a prescription dose of 45 Gy were named groups C and D. The model was used to redesign the clinical plans in the 4 groups and the automatic plans were obtained. The planning target volume (PTV) and organ at risk (OAR) dosimetry parameters were compared between automatic plans and clinical plans.Results:The conformity index (CI) of the automatic plans in the A, B, C, and D groups were equivalent to that of the clinical plans ( P>0.05). The homogeneity index (HI) and D2% of the automatic plans in groups A, B, and C were all lower than those in clinical plans(HI, Z=-3.248, -3.360, -2.329, P<0.05; D2%, Z=-2.987, -3.397, -2.442, P<0.05). The HI and D2% of the automatic plans in group D were similar those in the clinical plans ( P>0.05). While ensuring the PTV coverage, the average value of OAR dosimetry parameters in all automatic plans groups were lower than that of the clinical plans. Conclusions:The RapidPlan model established by the cervical cancer clinical plans can complete the automatic plan design for endometrial cancer and rectal cancer under different prescription doses, which preliminarily proves the possibility of the generalization of the RapidPlan model.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Right ventricular (RV) remodeling is one of the essential pathological features in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). RV hypertrophy or fibrosis are the leading causes of RV remodeling. Magnolol is a com?pound isolated from Magnolia officinalis. It possesses multiple pharmacological activities, such as anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. This study aims to evaluate the effects and underlying mechanisms of magnolol on RV remodeling in hypoxia-induced PAH. METHODS ① Male SD rats (220 g) were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): the normoxia group, the hypoxia group, the hypoxia plus Magnolol (10 and 20 mg·kg-1·d-1) group, and the vehicle group. Rats in the normoxia group were kept in a normoxia environment for 4 weeks, while rats in the hypoxia group were kept in a hypoxic chamber (10% O2). The rats in the hypoxia plus magnolol groups were administered with magnolol at 10 or 20 mg·kg-1 (ip) once a day for 4 weeks. At the end of 4 weeks, the heart function was assessed by Doppler echocardiography, and then the rats were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (30 mg·kg-1, ip). The RVSP was measured by the right heart catheterization method. The heart tissues were collected and dissected to calculate the index of RV remodeling (RV/LV+IVS, RV/tibial length, or RV/body weight). Part of the RV samples was fixed with 4%paraformaldehyde for morphological analysis, while other samples were frozen at-80℃for molecular studies (measurements of ANP, BNP,α-SMA, and col?lagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ mRNA expression as well as p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein levels). ② To evaluate the effect of magnolol on hypoxia-induced myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, H9c2 or cardiac fibroblasts were divided into 7 groups: the control group, cells were cultured under normal conditions; the hypoxia group, cells were cultured under hypoxic condition (3% O2);the hypoxia plus magnolol 10 mg·kg-1 group, magnolol10μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;the hypoxia plus magnolol 30 mg·kg-1 group, magnolol 20μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;the hypoxia plus TG-101348 group, TG-101348 (a specific inhibitor of JAK2) 1μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;the hypoxia plus JSI-124 group, JSI-124 (a specific inhibitor of JAK2) 1μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;and the hypoxia plus vehicle group, an equal volume of vehicle (DMSO) was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment. At the end of the experiments, the cells were collected for morphological and molecular analysis. RESULTS In vivo, male Sprang-Daley rats were exposed to 10% O2 for 4 weeks to establish an RV remodeling model, which showed hypertrophic and fibrotic features (increases of RV remodeling index, cellular size, hypertrophic and fibrotic marker expression), accompanied by an elevation in phosphorylation levels of JAK2 and STAT3;these changes were attenuated by treating rats with magnolol. In vitro, the cultured H9c2 cells or cardiac fibroblasts were exposed to 3% O2 for 48 h to induce hypertrophy or fibrosis, which showed hypertrophic (increases in cellular size as well as the expression of ANP and BNP) or fibrotic features (increases in the expression of collagenⅠ, collagenⅢandα-SMA). Administration of mag?nolol and TG-101348 or JSI-124 (JAK2 selective inhibitors) could prevent the process of myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, accompanied by the decrease in the phosphorylation level of JAK2 and STAT3. CONCLUSION Magnolol can attenuate RV hypertrophy and fibrosis in hypoxia-induced PAH rats through a mechanism involving inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on overactive cardiac sympathetic nerves in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Method:Randomly divide the forty male 6-week-old salt-sensitive hypertensive rats into five groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group,and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 2∶1 group, each group has 8 animals, the normal control group was fed with low-salt feed, and the remaining four groups were fed with 8% high-salt feed. After 4 weeks of feeding, gastric feeding was started. Give both the normal control group and model group saline and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the 1∶2 group,and the 2∶1 group, were given Guizhitang aqueous solution at 4.0, 5.5 and 5.5 g·kg-1, respectively. Continuous gavage intervention was held for 4 weeks. IITC multi-channel non-invasive sphygmomanometer was used to detect changes of systolic blood pressure before and after treatment in rats. Left ventricular anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) and interventricular septal diastolic thickness (IVSd) were detected by echocardiography. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial morphological changes of rats in each group, Western blot was used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein. Result:After 4 weeks of intervention with Guizhitang, compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure, LVAWd and IVSd of the model group were significantly increased, and the expressions of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). HE and Masson staining results showed that the model group had myocardial cell edema, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber hyperplasia and disordered arrangement, and a large amount of collagen deposition could be seen in the intercellular substance. Compared with model group, the systolic blood pressure of rats in each Guizhitang group increased slowly, and the expression of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01),the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group has the best effect. The results of echocardiography shows that the 1∶1 Guishao group could reduce LVAWd and IVSd levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group could reduce IVSd level (P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in LVAWd, there was no statistical difference in LVAWd and IVSd in 2∶1 group. In terms of myocardial morphology, each group of Guizhitang can reduce cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce myocardial fiber hyperplasia and collagen deposition, and improve the disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement. Among them, the 1∶1 group has the best effect. Conclusion:Guizhitang can inhibit the overactive activation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system,reduce the extent of myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy, and protect salt-sensitive hypertension rats, whose mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of heart NGF.Among them, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group is better than the 1∶2 and 2∶1 group in reducing myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2097-2101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904851

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhotic ascites, and to establish a new model for predicting the development of SBP. Methods A total of 215 patients who were diagnosed with cirrhotic ascites in Hebei General Hospital from September 2016 to September 2020 were enrolled, and according to the presence or absence of SBP, they were divided into SBP group with 55 patients and non-SBP group with 160 patients. Related clinical data were collected and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, MELD combined with serum sodium concentration (MELD-Na) score, and Child-Pugh score were calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen out independent risk factors, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the performance of ALBI score, procalcitonin (PCT), polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) count in ascites, and the ALBI-PMN-PCT combined model in the diagnosis of SBP. Results Compared with the SBP group, the non-SBP group had a significantly higher concentration of Na + ( Z =-3.414, P =0.001) and significantly lower total bilirubin ( Z =-2.720, P =0.007), creatinine ( Z =-1.994, P =0.046), urea nitrogen ( Z =-2.440, P =0.015), C-reactive protein ( Z =-9.137, P 0.272 had an increased risk of developing SBP. Conclusion The ALBI-PMN-PCT combined model has a high value in predicting the onset of SBP in patients with cirrhotic ascites.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 557-565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923088

ABSTRACT

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders(WMSDs) are common disorders that endanger the occupational health of workers in the world. Some foreign countries have included it in the categories of occupational diseases or compensable work-related diseases. In the lists of occupational diseases in European countries, Australia, Japan, South Korea and other countries, the inclusion of WMSDs in the occupational disease classifications, related diagnostic items and included diseases is not inconsistent. Individual countries assign WMSDs based on a causal relationship between work-related exposures and musculoskeletal disorders. Assessing the relationship between occupational risk and diseases involves two issues: the extent to which a disease can be attributed to an occupational risk, and the extent to which claimants with such occupational risk can demonstrate its existence. Compensation for WMSDs mainly includes three types: medical care expenses incurred during workers′ medical treatment, wage losses during worker′s absence from work due to the diseases(temporary and permanent), and benefits for family members whose death due to occupational diseases. Compensation is mainly paid in the form of daily allowance, retirement pension, disability pension, funeral expenses, survivor′s pension, and others, which varies from country to country. At present, our country has planned to include WMSDs in the categories of occupational diseases. It is suggested that the WMSDs diagnosis/identification and compensation standards should be formulated based on the actual situation of our country and the experience of relevant countries and regions in the world, so as to do a good job in the identification, prevention and control of WMSDs and ensure the occupational health of workers.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919298

ABSTRACT

In this study, we intended to describe a human case of lumbosacral canal sparganosis in People’s Republic of China (China). A 56-year-old man was admitted to Xiangya Hospital Central South University in Changsha, Hunan province, China after having an experience of perianal pain for a week. An enhancing mass, a tumor clinically suggested, was showed at the S1-S2 level of the lumbosacral spine by the examination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium contrast. The patient was received the laminectomy from S1 to S2, and an ivory-white living worm was detected in inferior margin of L5. In ELISA-test with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples, anti-sparganum antibodies were detected. He had a ingesting history of undercooked frog meat in his youth. By the present study, a human case of spinal sparganosis invaded in lumbosacral canal at the S1-S2 level was diagnosed in China. Although the surgical removal of larvae is known to be the best way of treatment for sparganosis, we administered the high-dosage of praziquantel, albendazole and dexamethasone to prevent the occurrence of another remain worms in this study.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915085

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of 3-dimensional (3D) printing noncoplanar templates (PNCT) assisted computer tomography (CT) guided radioactive125I seed implantation (RISI) for the treatment of recurrent cervical carcinoma (RCC) after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). @*Methods@#A total of 103 patients with inoperable post-EBRT RCC were included in this retrospective study. A total of 111 lesions received RISI. Eight lesions were at the pelvic center, 75 lesions were at the pelvic lateral, and 28 lesions were extra-pelvic metastasis. The median prescription dose was 120 Gy. The primary end points were adverse events and local control (LC), and the secondary end points were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival. @*Results@#Grade 2 adverse events of acute nausea, diarrhea, and pollakiuria occurred in 1, 2, and 1 patient, respectively. One patient suffered from grade 3 acute proctitis. Late toxicity was observed in 2 patients with rectovaginal fistula. No grade 5 toxicity occurred. The 3-year LC and OS rates were 75.1% and 20.8%, respectively. The median OS was 17 months. The multivariate analysis showed that the minimum dose received by the “hottest” 90% of the gross tumor volume (D 90 ) ≥130 Gy, squamous cell carcinoma, hemoglobin ≥80 g/L and good short-term efficacy (complete response or partial response) were independent predictors of LC and OS (all p<0.05). @*Conclusions@#3D-PNCT assisted CT-guided RISI is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive modality for RCC. The hemoglobin level, pathological type, dose distribution and short-term efficacy are considered as independent factors for clinical outcomes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic super-hemorrhoidal banding (SHB) in the treatment of internal hemorrhoids with prolapse.Methods:From June 2019 to June 2020, a total of 112 patients with grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ internal hemorrhoids underwent endoscopic SHB at People′s Hospital of Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture. The efficacy of SHB, intraoperative and postoperative complications associated with the operation and patients′ satisfaction were prospectively studied. The follow-up time was over six months.Results:A total of 112 patients received SHB for internal hemorrhoids, 74 patients (66.1%) with grade Ⅱ hemorrhoids and 38 patients (33.9%) with grade Ⅲ hemorrhoids. The operations were successfully performed in all patients. No anal pain or bleeding was reported during the operation. All patients experienced various degrees of anal bulge after the operation, which lasted for 2-24 hours before spontaneous disappearance. Five patients with grade Ⅲ internal hemorrhoids showed dysuria, which was relieved with local heat on the bladder. One patient with grade Ⅲ internal hemorrhoid had bloody stool on day 14. The bleeding was stopped with another banding at the site of bleeding ulcer. All patients completed the follow-up. No complications such as bleeding, pain, infection or stenosis occurred in one month after operation. Eighteen patients with grade Ⅲ had partial prolapse after operation without bleeding or other symptoms. Six of them received additional SHB treatment and prolapse disappeared. No postoperative complications occurred in the six months of follow-up in all patients. The satisfaction rate was 100.0% according to the survey.Conclusion:Endoscopic SHB is an effective, safe and simple technique for internal hemorrhoids with prolapse.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2577-2583, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886940

ABSTRACT

The molecular identification of Fritillaria taibaiensis and its relatives was studied by real-time PCR with a TaqMan-MGB probe. DNA was extracted from F. taibaiensis and its relatives. According to the sequence of ITS1 region, the mutation sites of F. taipaiensis and its related species were identified by MEGA7.0 software. The specific primers (a pair) and a TaqMan-MGB probe were designed by Primer Premier 6.0 software. In the Roche LightCycler 96 system, the lowest limit of detection for F. taipaiensis DNA template was 0.002 39 ng·μL-1, and the optimal Tm value range was 60 and 61 ℃. Specificity identification showed that the method had good specificity for F. taipaiensis, as it could be distinguished from other 13 different Fritillaria species including F. unibracteata. Since this method could accurately identify F. taipaiensis and its related species, it provides technical support for rational development of F. taipaiensis resources, management of Chinese medicinal market and supervision of raw materials in Chinese medicine manufacturing enterprises.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884474

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the accuracy and feasibility of 3D-printing individualized template-guided and CT-guided 192Ir interstitial brachytherapy in the central recurrent gynecologic tumors by comparing pre-plan and intraoperative physical dosimetric parameters. Methods:This study involved 38 patients with central recurrent gynecologic tumors who underwent 3D printing individual template (3D-PIT)-assisted and CT-guided 192Ir interstitial brachytherapy in the Department of Radiation Oncology of the Peking University Third Hospital from Jan 2018 to Dec 2019.The prescription doses for the target tumor areas were 10-36 Gy to be delivered at 5-6 Gy/fraction for 2-6 fractions.The pre-plan and intraoperative dosimetric parameters were compared, including the minimum prescription doses delivered to 90% and 100% of target volume( D90, D100)and the mean percentage of volume receiving 100% of the prescription doses ( V100). Meanwhile, the doses delivered to 2 cm 3 ( D2 cm 3) of organs at risk (bladders, rectums, and colons) were analyzed.The quality parameters of the brachytherapy were studied, including conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI), and external index (EI) of the target volume.Perioperative complications were also observed. Results:A total of 194 treatments were included.During the treatment, 5-13 (median 6) needles were inserted, with a prescription dose of 5-6 Gy per fraction.There were no statistical differences between pre-plan and intraoperative D90, D100, V100, CI, HI, and EI as well as the D2 cm 3 of bladders and colons at risk ( P>0.05). In contrast, for the D2 cm 3 of rectums, the intraoperative dose was slightly higher than the pre-plan dose, showing a statistical difference ( t=-0.335, P=0.027). Conclusions:The 3D-PIT-assisted and CT-guided 192Ir interstitial brachytherapy at a high dose rate is accurate and feasible in the treatment of recurrent gynecologic tumors, meeting the pre-plan dose requirement.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of CT-guided 125I seed implantation assisted by a navigation system and 3D-printing template in the treatment of recurrent malignant pelvic tumors by comparing pre-plan and intraoperative physical dosimetric parameters. Methods:This study involved 15 patients with recurrent malignant pelvic tumors who received CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation assisted by a navigation system and 3D-printing template in the Peking University Third Hospital from Dec 2018 to Feb 2020.Seven of the patients had cervical cancers, seven had rectal cancers, and one had prostate cancer.The median age was 55 years (34-84 years old). The prescription dose was 100-150 Gy.The pre-plan and post-implant data were compared, including the number of implanted seeds, implantation needle number, and some dosimetric parameters such as the minimum prescription doses delivered to 90% and 100% of target volume( D90, D100), mean percentages of volume receiving 100%, 150%, and 200% of the prescription doses( V100, V150, and V200), conformity index(CI), external index(EI), and homogeneity index(HI)of the target volume. Results:The median lesion volume was 29.20 cm 3, the median seed number was 54, and the median D90 was 150 Gy.The post-implant V150 was lower than pre-plan V150 (64.1% vs. 67.1%, t=2.937, P=0.011), and the post-implant mean HI was higher than pre-plan HI (32.01% vs. 26.68%, t=-2.950, P=0.011). There were no significant differences in other dosimetric parameters before and after seed implantation. Conclusions:With CT-guided radioactive seed implantation assisted by a navigation system and 3D-printing template in the treatment of recurrent malignant pelvic tumors, the actual postoperative dose could meet the preoperative plan requirement, ensuring the accuracy and consistency of the dose delivered.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the protective effects of Humulus lupulus L. extract (HLE) on osteoporosis mice.@*METHODS@#In vivo experiment, a total of 35 12-week-old female ICR mice were equally divided into 5 groups: the sham control group (sham); the ovariectomy with vehicle group (OVX); the OVX with estradiol valerate [EV, 0.2 mg/(kg•d)] the OVX with low- or high-dose HLE groups [HLE, 1 g/(kg•d) and 3 g/(kg•d)], 7 in each group. Treatment began 1 week after the ovariectomized surgery and lasted for 12 weeks. Bone mass and trabecular bone mircoarchitecture were evaluated by micro computed tomography, and bone turnover markers in serum were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. In vitro experiment, osteoblasts and osteoclasts were treated with HLE at doses of 0, 4, 20 and 100 µg/mL. Biomarkers for bone formation in osteoblasts and bone resorption in osteoclasts were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the OVX group, HLE exerted bone protective effects by the increase of estradiol (P<0.05), the improvement of cancellous bone structure, bone mineral density (P<0.01) and the reduction of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), bone gla-protein, c-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and deoxypyridinoline levels (P<0.01 for all). In vitro experiment, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL promoted the cell proliferation (P<0.01), and increased the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and osteopontin levels in osteoblasts (both P<0.05). HLE at 100 µg/mL increased the osteoblastic ALP activities, and HLE at all dose enhanced the extracellular matrix mineralization (both P<0.01). Furthermore, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL inhibited osteoclastic TRAP activity (P<0.01), and reduced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cathepsin K (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HLE may protect against bone loss, and have potentials in the treatment of osteoporosis.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 808-815, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876533

ABSTRACT

In this study, a composite cell model for evaluation of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) was established in vitro from the perspective of immune inflammation. And this model was used to evaluate the risk of IDILI for 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-cis-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (Cis-SG) and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (Trans-SG). To determine the low, medium, and high dosage of Cis-SG and Trans-SG, CellTiter-Glo® 3D Cell Viability Assay was used to detect the effects of Cis-SG and Trans-SG on cell viability of HepG2 cells in three dimensional (3D) culture, and MTT assay was used to detect the effects of Cis-SG and Trans-SG on cell viability of THP-1 derived macrophages. THP-1 derived macrophages were incubated by Cis-SG and Trans-SG directly or supernatants from HepG2 cells incubated with them. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the supernatants of the THP-1 derived macrophages. Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to determine the expression of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (caspase-1), and IL-1β in THP-1 derived macrophages. The results showed that there was no effect on the secretion of IL-1β in THP-1 derived macrophages incubated by Cis-SG and Trans-SG directly. However, the secretion of IL-1β, the protein and mRNA expression of ASC, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β significantly increased in THP-1 derived macrophages incubated by supernatants from HepG2 cells incubated with 1, 5, and 25 μmol·L-1 Cis-SG or 25 μmol·L-1 Trans-SG. In summary, the composite cell model for evaluation of IDILI established in vitro has been successfully applied in testing Cis-SG and Trans-SG. This composite cell model is helpful to evaluate and screen drugs with IDILI risk in vitro preliminarily, which provides methods for predicting and solving the idiosyncratic liver toxicity of drugs.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888250

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify new genes that correlate with prognosis of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the long-term clinical effect of multicenter multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) in children with renal malignant tumors.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children with renal malignant tumors who were diagnosed and treated with MDT in 3 hospitals in Hunan Province from January 2015 to January 2020, with GD-WT-2010 and CCCG-WT-2016 for treatment regimens. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to analyze the survival of the children.@*RESULTS@#Of the 55 children, 10 had stage I tumor, 14 had stage Ⅱ tumor, 22 had stage Ⅲ tumor, 7 had stage IV tumor, and 2 had stage V tumor. As for pathological type, 47 had FH type and 8 had UFH type. All children underwent complete tumor resection. Of the 55 children, 14 (25%) received preoperative chemotherapy. All children, except 1 child with renal cell carcinoma, received postoperative chemotherapy. Among the 31 children with indication for radiotherapy, 21 (68%) received postoperative radiotherapy. One child died of postoperative metastasis. The incidence rate of FH-type myelosuppression was 94.4%, and the incidence rate of UFH-type myelosuppression was 100%. The median follow-up time was 21 months and the median survival time was 26 months for all children, with an overall survival rate of 98% and an event-free survival rate of 95%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multicenter MDT has the advantages of high success rate of operation and good therapeutic effect of chemotherapy in the treatment of children with renal malignant tumors, with myelosuppression as the most common side effects, and radiotherapy is safe and effective with few adverse events. Therefore, MDT has good feasibility, safety, and economy.


Subject(s)
Child , Family , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/therapy , Progression-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies
17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1430-1434
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213552

ABSTRACT

Interstitial permanent radioactive seed implantation delivers a high local dose to tumors and sharply drops off at surrounding normal tissues. Radioactive seeds implanted via ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) guidance are minimally invasive and facilitate quick recovery. Transrectal ultrasound-guided 125I seed implantation assisted by a transperineal plane template is standard for early-stage prostate carcinoma, with a highly consistent target volume dose distribution. The postplan dose evaluation is consistent with the preplan evaluation. Until now, there was no workflow for seed implantation elsewhere in the body, and it was difficult to effectively preplan for seed implantation because of patients' position changes, organ movement, and bone structure interference. Along with three-dimensional (3D) printing techniques and seed implantation planning systems for brachytherapy, coplanar and X Y axis coordinate templates were created, referred to as 3D-printed coplanar templates (3D-PCT). 125I seed implantation under CT guidance with 3D-PCT assistance has been very successful in some carcinomas. Preplanning was very consistent with postplanning of the gross tumor volume. All needles are kept parallel for 3D-PCT, with no coplanar needle rearrangement. No standard workflow for 3D-PCT-assisted seed implantation exists at present. The consensus topics for CT-assisted guidance compared to 3D-PCT-assisted guidance for seed implantation are as follows: Indications for seed implantation, preplanning, definition of radiation doses and dosimetry evaluation, 3D-PCT workflow, radiation protection, and quality of staff. Despite current data supporting 125I seed implantation for some solid carcinomas, there is a need for prospectively-randomized multicenter clinical trials to gather strong evidence for using 125I seed implantation in other solid carcinomas

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880701

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency is highly heterogeneous and still unclear. Additional novel variants have been recently detected in the population. The molecular and cellular effects of these previously unreported variants are still poorly understood and require further characterization. To address this problem, we have evaluated the various functions and biochemical consequences of six novel missense variants that lead to mild VLCAD deficiency. Marked deficiencies in fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and other mitochondrial defects were observed in cells carrying one of these six variants (c.541C>T, c.863T>G, c.895A>G, c.1238T>C, c.1276G>A, and c.1505T>A), including reductions in mitochondrial respiratory-chain function and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, and increased levels of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Intriguingly, higher apoptosis levels were found in cells carrying the mutant VLCAD under glucose-limited stress. Moreover, the stability of the mutant homodimer was disturbed, and major conformational changes in each mutant VLCAD structure were predicted by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The data presented here may provide valuable information for improving management of diagnosis and treatment of VLCAD deficiency and for a better understanding of the general molecular bases of disease variability.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811064

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Details of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in mainland China are lacking. To improve disease control and reduce economic burden, a large sample survey among this patient population is indispensable. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of such patients.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in 29 hospitals of 29 regions in mainland China during the period 2013 to 2014. Demographic features, pre-admission conditions, exacerbation details, and outcomes were summarized. Risk factors for exacerbation severity were analyzed.RESULTS: There were 3,240 asthmatic patients included in this study (57.7% females, 42.3% males). Only 28.0% used daily controller medications; 1,287 (39.7%) patients were not currently on inhaled corticosteroids. Acute upper airway infection was the most common trigger of exacerbation (42.3%). Patients with severe to life-threatening exacerbation tended to have a longer disease course, a smoking history, and had comorbidities such as hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and food allergy. The multivariate analysis showed that smoking history, comorbidities of hypertension, COPD, and food allergy were independent risk factors for more severe exacerbation. The number of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation varied with seasons, peaking in March and September. Eight patients died during the study period (mortality 0.25%).CONCLUSIONS: Despite enhanced education on asthma self-management in China during recent years, few patients were using daily controller medications before the onset of their exacerbation, indicating that more educational efforts and considerations are needed. The findings of this study may improve our understanding of hospital admission for asthma exacerbation in mainland China and provide evidence for decision-making.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Asthma , China , Comorbidity , Disease Progression , Education , Female , Food Hypersensitivity , Hospitalization , Humans , Hypertension , Inpatients , Medication Adherence , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Self Care , Smoke , Smoking
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of four-track teaching mode (LBL: lecture-based learning; CBL: case-based learning; PBL: problem-based learning) in pediatric teaching of integrated traditional Chinese and Western Medicine.Methods:175 integrated traditional Chinese and Western medical students in seven-year program were divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group was taught by four-track teaching mode, while students in the control group. Were applied with traditional teaching method ("LBL+CBL").Results:Students in the experimental group highly rated the four-track teaching mode and were better than those in the control group in the following aspects: satisfaction with teaching methods, interest in learning, the ability of creative thinking, the thinking ability of clinical diagnosis and treatment, and memorization ( P<0.05). And students' mid-term, final and comprehensive scores in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with traditional teaching methods, the four-track teaching mode can improve the quality of pediatric teaching of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medical students, which should be further integrated and perfected in the teaching practice.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL