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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995738

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analysis of subtype distribution characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, pathological findings of HPV-positive patients operated colposcopy and cervical histopathological examination in Changsha from 2020 to 2022.Methods:Retrospective analysis of HPV infection status of 60 354 patients was treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine from Jan. 2020 to Oct. 2022. They were divided into<25 years old group (3 250 cases), 25-34 years old group (19 406 cases), 35-44 years old group (17 297 cases), 45-54 years old group (13 104 cases), 55-64 years old group (4 793 cases) and≥65 years old group (2 504 cases). Cervical exfoliated cells were collected from women and specimen of lesion site were collected from men. HPV genotyping detection used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and flow fluorescence hybridization, which could detect 27 HPV genotypes. Analyze the distribution of HPV subtypes in patients of different age groups and different treatment departments. Analyze the relationship between the infection of HPV subtypes and the outcome of 224 patients with HPV positive who also underwent colposcopy and cervical histopathology. Pearson correlation test was used for correlation analysis, and two-tailed P<0.05 was statistically significant; Pearson chi-square test or continuous correction chi-square test was used to compare the rates between groups, and two-tailed P<0.05 was statistically significant; Chi-square split test was used to compare multiple sample rates. The standard test was corrected according to the number of groups and then compared. The difference was statistically significant when the two-tailed P value was less than the corrected standard test. Results:The overall positive rate of HPV was 16.4% (9 909/60 354). Among all HPV positive patients, affection of single type HPV accounted for 75.5% (7 479/9 909) and affection of multi-type HPV accounted for 24.5% (2 430/9 909). The top six HPV types with infection rates from high to low were: HPV52 22.8% (2 256/9 909), HPV58 11.1% (1 097/9 909), HPV53 10.5% (1 045/9 909), HPV16 9.0% (890/9 909), HPV61 7.8% (774/9 909) and HPV6 7.6% (750/9 909). The difference of overall infection rate between different age groups was statistically significant (χ 2=536.90, P<0.001). The HPV infection rate was the highest in the<25 years old group, 30.1% (978/3 250), and it is higher than the age groups of 25-34 years old, 15.6% (3 035/19 406), group of 35-44 years old, 14.2% (2 464/17 297), group of 45-54 years old, 16.1% (2 115/13 104), group of 55-64 years old, 19.1% (915/4 793) and group of≥65 years old, 16.1% (402/2 504), with statistical significance( P<0.001 respectively). The most common types of HPV infection were type 6, 16.7% (378/2 266) and type 11, 10.5% (239/2 266) in dermatology clinics. The positive rate of HPV16 accounted for 12/17 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3 and cervical cancer cases, it was significantly higher than that in the inflammatory cases, 25.0% (35/140) and CIN1 cases, 23.0% (11/48), the statistical values were χ 2=15.02, P<0.001 and χ 2=12.48, P<0.001, respectively, all of which were statistically significant. Conclusions:HPV infection rate is highest in young people under 25 years old. Low-risk HPV6 and 11 are the main types of skin and venereal diseases. Among the total cases, high-risk HPV52, 58 and 53 are the most common types of infection with women in Changsha. However, high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer are more closely related to HPV16 infection.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 236-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995496

ABSTRACT

Secondary lymphedema is a chronic progressive disease caused by the obstruction of lymphatic reflux, which leads to a series of secondary affection. There is no cure at present. Exploring the pathogenesis and treatment of lymphedema is based on animal models that mimic the pathophysiology of chronic lymphedema in humans. Currently, there are many known animal models of lymphedema, such as the limb lymphedema model of mice, dogs and other animals, and the rabbit ear lymphedema model. But most of them cannot induce the persistent and stable lymphedema temporarily, which lead to a deadlock in the related research progress. Therefore, it is necessary to improve and even create new animal models of lymphedema. This paper summarises the progress of relevant literature and provides references for further improving the establishment of a lymphedema animal model. It also summarise existing methods for evaluating lymphedema or lymphatic vessel function to provide an evaluation tool for modified or new animal models.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994334

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a patient with mitochondrial diabetes mellitus complicated with hypopituitarism were analyzed, the patient′s mitochondrial gene was detected by microarray capture high-throughput sequencing, and the related domestic and foreign literature was reviewed and analyzed. The results showed that the patient had m. 3243 A>G variant on MT-TL1 gene and the clinical features were consistent with mitochondrial diabetes mellitus and hypopituitarism.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intrathecal exosomes derived from human amniotic fluid (hAF exo) on neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI) in mice.Methods:Eighteen clean-grade healthy male Kunming mice, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), SNI group, and SNI+ hAF exo group. Spared nerve injury was produced by exposing the sciatic nerve and its branches and ligation and transection of tibial nerve and common fibular nerve in anesthetized mice. Another three mice were selected to develop the model of neuropathic pain after anesthesia. PKH-26 labeled hAF exo 7 μl was intrathecally injected on days 1, 2 and 3 after developing the model. The mice were sacrificed at 10 h after the end of administration, and the uptake of hAF exo by the dorsal horn of the injured lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord was observed with the fluorescence microscope. On 1, 2 and 3 days after developing the model, 1 μg/μl hAF exo 7 μl was intrathecally injected in SNI+ hAF exo group, and PBS 7 μl was intrathecally injected in Sham group and SNI group. The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MPWT) was measured at 1 day before and 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after operation. And then the mice were sacrificed after measurement of the pain threshold at 7 days after developing the model, and the ipsilateral lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord was taken for determination of the expression of CD11b, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-10 by Western blot. Results:The dorsal horn of the lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord on the injured side could absorb hAF exo with the fluorescence microscope. Compared with Sham group, the MPWT was significantly decreased at 3-7 days after developing the model, the expression of CD11b and IL-1β was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of IL-10 in SNI group ( P>0.05). Compared with SNI group, the MPWT was significantly increased at 3-7 days after developing the model, the expression of CD11b and IL-1β was down-regulated, and the expression of IL-10 was up-regulated in SNI+ hAF exo group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intrathecal exosomes derived from human amniotic fluid can alleviate neuropathic pain in mice, and the mechanism may be related to mediation of the polarization of microglia from M1 type to M2 type and attenuation of neuroinflammation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 618-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application effect among Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36) scale and "Assessment for Therapeutic Efficacy on Kashin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 79-2011) standard in the evaluation of therapeutic effect of patients with Kashin-Beck disease, which could provide basis for the treatment evaluation of patients with Kashin-Beck disease.Methods:A total of 213 patients with Kashin-Beck disease in Gansu Province were investigated. WOMAC scale, SF-36 scale and standard of WS/T 79-2011 were used to analyze the quality of life of patients before and after treatment. The reliability, construct validity, content validity, discriminant validity of WOMAC and SF-36 scales were compared. Correlation between WOMAC, SF-36 scales and standard of WS/T 79-2011 were evaluated.Results:Both WOMAC and SF-36 scales had good construct validity and content validity (construct validity showed WOMAC and SF-36 scales contained 1 and 2 common factors, respectively; content validity showed WOMAC and SF-36 scales contained 3 and 8 common factors, respectively). The reliability and discriminant validity of WOMAC scale were better than those of SF-36 seale (reliability showed WOMAC reliability coefficient ≥0.934, the reliability coefficient of SF-36 scale was ranged from 0.386 to 0.999. Discriminant validity showed there were differences in 3 dimensions of the WOMAC scale before and after treatment, while there were differences in 6 out of 8 dimensions of the SF-36 scale). The correlation coefficients between WOMAC scale and standard of WS/T 79-2011 ranged from 0.175 to 0.437, the correlation coefficients between SF-36 scale and standard of WS/T 79-2011 ranged from - 0.434 to - 0.099 ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The reliability, discriminant validity and correlation with the standard of WS/T 79-2011 of WOMAC scale are better than those of SF-36 scale in efficacy evaluation of patients with Kashin-Beck disease.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the teaching effect and novel ideas of online teaching applied in skill operation course.Methods:One hundred and fifty-one students studying in Sichuan University taking the First Aid in the Life: Basic Knowledge and Skills as an elective course in the autumn semester of 2019 and spring semester of 2020 were included as the research subjects in this study. Among them, 77 students in the spring semester of 2020 were selected as the experimental group and 74 students in the autumn semester of 2019 were selected as the control group. The students in the experimental group studied the first aid course by online platform, and the others in the control group studied through traditional teaching mode. The teaching effect of the two groups was compared and the teaching satisfaction of the two groups weas analyzed. SPSS 23.0 was used for Chi-square test and t-test. Results:There was no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group in the assessment scores of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, hemostatic bandaging, and fracture fixation [(8.65±0.81 vs 8.69±0.90, P=0.750); (8.10±0.50 vs 8.12±0.61, P=0.880); (8.21±0.89 vs 8.16±0.78, P=0.710)]. Among the students participating in the questionnaire survey in the experimental group, 59 (95.16%) students thought that this course was helpful in dealing with first aid in daily life, and 38 (61.29%) students did not want to change the traditional teaching method to online teaching. Conclusion:The application of online teaching in first-aid skill operation course is feasible and can achieve the similar teaching effect, which provides a novel idea for exploring the online teaching of first aid skills.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the critical thinking ability of interns in nephrology department based on electronic "Spot" mind mapping teaching method.Methods:In the control group, the traditional clinical teaching method was adopted. Each kidney disease unit was divided into 3 courses. ①The clinical practice teacher dictated or demonstrated his/her experience to the student in the first class. ②Students could exchange questions and answers in the second class. ③In the third class, according to the homework situation, the teacher presided over the discussion, guided the students to express their difficulties and help them solve the problems. The research group adopted the electronic "Spot" mind mapping teaching method: ①Grouping: the students were divided into groups, 6 to 8 people in each group, a total of 16 groups. ②Preparation: each group established a WeChat group, and teachers guided them download the Mindmanager software and learn its mapping method. ③In class: each kidney disease unit was divided into 3 sessions. In the first class, based on what the instructor taught, the students summarized the contents and drew a mind map, and then explain their understanding according to the map. In the second class, "Spot" in the group was conducted based on standards, reading each other in the group, actively discussing with each other, further improving and reconstructing the core knowledge points of the chapter, and encouraging each student to actively participate in enhancing their subjective initiative in learning. In the third class, teachers evaluated students according to their learning situation, and students filled in the gaps according to their opinions, perfected their mind maps, and finally posted to the WeChat group. ④Review: the final versions were sent to the WeChat groups as review materials, which was convenient for learning together. SPSS 24.0 was used for Chi-square test.Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups before study ( P>0.005). After the research, the scores of theory test ( t=2.52, P=0.015), clinical skill test ( t=2.22, P=0.034) and total score ( t=3.53, P=0.003) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores of critical thinking ability between the two groups before research ( P>0.05). Six months after research, the total scores of critical thinking ability in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The introduction of electronic "Spot" mind mapping teaching method into clinical practice teaching can realize the cross-linking of related knowledge points and systematize the knowledge. At the same time, it is interesting and can stimulate students' learning interest, and is helpful to cultivate the clinical critical thinking ability of students.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of occurrence of social isolation in maintenance hemodialysis patients and analyze its influencing factors, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the implementation of targeted interventions.Methods:The study was a cross-sectional study. A total of 315 dialysis patients in three hemodialysis centers in Xinjiang were selected by simple sampling method from October 2021 to March 2022, who were investigated using the general information questionnaire, Lubben-6 social network scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sedentary behavior section), Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item scale (PHQ-9) and Frail Scale. Univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to explore the influencing factors affecting the social isolation of dialysis patients.Results:Social isolation was present in 28.89% (91/315) of maintenance hemodialysis patients, and binary Logistic regression analysis revealed that age (45-59 years old: OR=4.815, 95% CI 1.362-17.017;≥60 years old: OR=8.968, 95% CI 2.349-34.236), dialysis age ( OR=2.788, 95% CI 1.334-5.826), sedentary behavior ( OR=2.504, 95% CI 1.406-4.461), depression ( OR=2.095, 95% CI 1.179-3.722), and debilitation ( OR=2.043, 95% CI=1.062-3.933) were influencing factors of social isolation in maintenance hemodialysis patients (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The occurrence of social isolation in maintenance hemodialysis patients was closely associated with advanced age, high dialysis age, sedentary behavior, debilitation, and depressive status, suggesting that medical staff in hemodialysis centers can implement targeted interventions to prevent or improve the level of social isolation in patients based on relevant influencing factors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of coagulation index levels in patients with type 2 diabetic foot and their correlation with pathological changes, in order to provide reference for clinical diagnosis of diabetic foot.Methods:133 patients with type 2 diabetes admitted to the Xiaoshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Hangzhou from Jun. 2018 to Jun. 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into type 2 diabetes group ( n=65) and diabetes foot group ( n=68) according to whether they had diabetes feet. In addition, 60 patients who had health examinations in our hospital during the same period were selected as the control group. Fibrinogen (FIB), thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) were compared in each group, and Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between each index and the occurrence of diabetes foot. Area under curve (AUC) of working characteristics of subjects (ROC) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of each index in diabetes foot. Results:The average FIB of control group, type 2 diabetes group and diabetes foot group was (2.86±0.50) g/L, (3.30±0.81) g/L, (4.43±1.16) g/L; The FIB level in diabetes foot group was significantly higher than that in type 2 diabetes group and control group, and that in type 2 diabetes group was significantly higher than that in control group ( P<0.05) ; The mean TT of control group, type 2 diabetes group and diabetes foot group was (17.60±2.01) s, (15.39±2.39) s, (13.49±2.84) s; The average APTT of control group, type 2 diabetes group and diabetes foot group was (32.02±4.22) s, (29.97±3.97) s, (25.69±4.07) s; The mean PT values of control group, type 2 diabetes group and diabetes foot group were (12.64±1.49) s, (11.41±1.04) s and (10.50±1.08) s. The TT, APTT and PT values in the diabetes foot group were significantly lower than those in the type 2 diabetes group and the control group, and those in the type 2 diabetes group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05) ; The level of FIB index was positively correlated with the occurrence of diabetes foot, while TT, APTT and PT indexes were negatively correlated with the occurrence of diabetes foot ( P<0.05). The AUC values of FIB, TT, APTT and PT indexes for the diagnosis of diabetes foot were 0.898, 0.879, 0.859 and 0.871, respectively. Conclusions:There are significant differences in FIB, TT, APTT and PT index levels between diabetic foot patients and type 2 diabetic patients and healthy people, and the occurrence of diabetic foot is significantly related to blood coagulation indicators. The detection of blood coagulation indicators has certain clinical significance for the diagnosis of diabetic foot.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prediction model of tissue chip technology for the chemotherapy response of patients with colorectal cancer.Methods:217 patients with colorectal cancer who had received standardized chemotherapy in the Affiliated People’s Hospital of Ningbo University from Jan. 2017 to Dec. 2019 were prospectively selected. The patients were randomly divided into training set (152 cases) and test set (65 cases) according to the ratio of 7:3, and were followed up for 6 months. The clinical data of the patients in the training set were compared, the expression levels of Ang-2, caspase-3 and CD147 in the patients were analyzed by tissue microarray technology, and the related factors affecting the responsiveness of colorectal cancer chemotherapy were analyzed by the Logistic regression model. R software was used based on the training set. A nomogram prediction model was built and model performance on the test set was evaluated.Results:One case was excluded from the training center, and 151 cases were finally included, including 93 cases in the chemotherapy response group and 58 cases in the chemotherapy response group. The tumor diameter, serum carcinoembryonic antigen, caspase3, Ang2 expression level, and the proportion of clinical stage IV in the poor chemotherapy group were significantly higher than those in the good chemotherapy group (all P<0.05) ; Logistic regression showed tumor diameter ( OR=2.394), serum carcinoembryonic antigen ( OR=1.878), caspase-3 ( OR=4.261), Ang-2 expression level ( OR=5.457), and clinical stage IV ( OR=5.954) were independent risk factors for adverse drug reactions in patients with colorectal cancer (all P<0.05). The consistency index (C-index) for predicting the factors related to adverse chemotherapy reactions in patients with colorectal cancer was 0.915. External verification showed that the sensitivity was 86.96%, the specificity was 92.50%, and the accuracy was 90.48% (42/65) . Conclusion:The expression levels of Ang-2 and caspase-3 are correlated with the responsiveness of colorectal cancer to chemotherapy, and can be used as predictive indicators to evaluate the responsiveness of colorectal cancer to chemotherapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) in patients with sepsis.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2021, patients with sepsis admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of our hospital were retrospectively classified into the SIC group and non-SIC group according to SIC diagnostic criteria. The baseline clinical data, severity score, total length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay and 28-day survival were compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier was used to compare the 28-day survival of patients with sepsis between the two groups. Cox proportional hazard regression model was employed to analyze the risk factors of prognosis in patients with sepsis.Results:Totally 274 patients with sepsis were included in the analysis, including 139 patients in the SIC group and 135 patients in the non-SIC group. The two groups were compared in the perspectives of the Platelet count (PLT), prothrombin time (PT) , procalcitonin (PCT), D dimer, hematocrit, red blood cell distribution width, hemoglobin, acute kidney injury (AKI), the use of continuous renal replacement treatment (CRRT), the use of vasoactive drugs, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHEⅡ) score were compared between the two groups and the difference were statistically different (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 28-day mortality rate in the SIC group was significantly higher than that in the non-SIC group (32.4% vs. 14.1%, P<0.05). COX proportional hazard model showed that SIC score ( HR= 2.17, 95% CI: 1.15-3.91, P<0.05), APACHEⅡ score ( HR= 1.13, 95% CI: 1.09-1.17, P<0.05) and the use of vasoactive drugs ( HR=3.66, 95% CI: 1.53-8.75, P<0.05) were independent influencing factors for 28-day death in patients with sepsis. Conclusions:Patients with sepsis and SIC have more severe disease and increased mortality risk. SIC score exhibits good clinical value in predicting the prognosis of patients with sepsis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986720

ABSTRACT

Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody against the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) ligand (RANKL) that significantly inhibits osteoclast activity and has been approved to treat osteoporosis, giant cell tumor of bone, and prophylactic as well as therapeutic entities for bone metastasis. However, the imbalance of RANKL/RANK/OPG has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of several other rare bone diseases and tumor-like disorders, including aneurysmal bone cyst, fibrous dysplasia of bone, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Nevertheless, there have been various clinical reports although these diseases have not been approved for indications. The review aims to summarize the available evidence for the off-label use of denosumab in metabolic bone diseases and tumor-like disorders and provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 317-327, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981008

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of S-propargyl-cysteine (SPRC) on atherosclerosis progression in mice. A mouse model of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque was created in ApoE-/- mice by carotid artery tandem stenosis (TS) combined with a Western diet. Macrophotography, lipid profiles, and inflammatory markers were measured to evaluate the antiatherosclerotic effects of SPRC compared to atorvastatin as a control. Histopathological analysis was performed to assess the plaque stability. To explore the protective mechanism of SPRC, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in vitro and challenged with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Cell viability was determined with a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation and mRNA expression were detected by Western blot and RT-qPCR respectively. The results showed that the lesion area quantified by en face photographs of the aortic arch and carotid artery was significantly less, plasma total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were reduced, plaque collagen content was increased and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was decreased in 80 mg/kg per day SPRC-treated mice compared with model mice. These findings support the role of SPRC in plaque stabilization. In vitro studies revealed that 100 μmol/L SPRC increased the cell viability and the phosphorylation level of eNOS after ox-LDL challenge. These results suggest that SPRC delays the progression of atherosclerosis and enhances plaque stability. The protective effect may be at least partially related to the increased phosphorylation of eNOS in endothelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Atherosclerosis , Cholesterol/metabolism , Cysteine/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/pharmacology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/pathology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the acupoint selection rules of acupuncture and moxibustion for post-stroke epilepsy by data mining technology.@*METHODS@#The literature regarding acupuncture and moxibustion for post-stroke epilepsy included in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed and PubMed databases from the establishment of the database to August 1st 2022 was retrieved. Microsoft Excel 2019 software was used to establish a database to conduct the descriptive analysis of acupoints; SPSS Modeler 18.0 Apriori algorithm was used to conduct association rule analysis; high-frequency acupoint co-occurrence network diagrams were drawn by Cytoscape3.9.0 software; SPSS Statistics 25.0 software was used to perform hierarchical cluster analysis on high-frequency acupoints and a tree diagram was drawn.@*RESULTS@#Totally 39 articles were included, and 63 prescriptions of acupuncture and moxibustion were extracted, involving 56 acupoints, with a total frequency of 516 times; the top three acupoints with the highest frequency of use were Baihui (GV 20), Fenglong (ST 40) and Neiguan (PC 6); the selected meridians were mainly the governor vessel, the hand and foot yangming meridians; the selection of acupoints were mostly in the head, neck and lower limbs; in terms of acupoint compatibility, Hegu (LI 4)-Shuigou (GV 26) and Neiguan (PC 6) had the highest confidence degree; The top 20 high-frequency acupoints could be divided into 4 effective clusters.@*CONCLUSION@#Modern acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for post-stroke epilepsy attaches great importance to the use of yang meridians and meridians with enrich qi and blood; the core prescription is Shuigou (GV 26)-Neiguan (PC 6)-Hegu (LI 4)-Baihui (GV 20). In addition, the combination of distant and near acupoints is highly valued to improve clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Stroke/therapy , Data Mining , Epilepsy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the neuroprotective effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Quchi" (LI 11) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) in the rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion and the potential mechanism of microglia pyroptosis.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group and an EA group, with 20 rats in each group. The Zea Longa method was employed to establish the rat model of the middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MACO/R) in the left brain. In the EA group, since the 2nd day of modeling, EA was given at "Quchi" (LI 11) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) of right side with disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/20 Hz in frequency and 0.2 mA in current intensity, 30 min each time, once a day for lasting 7 consecutive days. The reduction rate of cerebral blood flow was measured with laser Doppler flowmetry during operation. The neurological function of rats was observed using Zea Longa neurobehavioral score. The cerebral infarction volume was detected by TTC staining method. The microglia positive expression in the ischemic side of the cortex was detected with the immunofluorescence method. Under transmission electron microscope, the ultrastructure of cell in the ischemic cortex was observed. The mRNA expression levels of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (Caspase-1) and gasdermin D (GSDMD) in the ischemic cortex were detected using real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, in the model group, the reduction rate of cerebral blood flow was increased during operation (P<0.001); Zea Longa neurobehavional score and the percentage of cerebral infarction volume were increased (P<0.001), the numbers of M1-type microglia marked by CD68+ and M2-type microglia marked by TMEM119+ were elevated in the ischemic cortex (P<0.001), the mRNA expression of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and GSDMD was increased (P<0.001, P<0.01); the cytomembrane structure was destroyed, with more cell membrane pores formed in the ischemic cortex. Compared with the model group, after intervention, Zea Longa neurobehavioral score and the percentage of cerebral infarction volume were reduced (P<0.05), the number of M1-type microglia marked by CD68+ was reduced (P<0.05) and the number of M2-type microglia marked by TMEM119+ was increased (P<0.05); and the mRNA expression of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and GSDMD was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in the EA group. Even though the cytomembrane structure was incomplete, there were less membrane pores presented in the ischemic cortex in the EA group after intervention.@*CONCLUSION@#The intervention with EA attenuates the neurological dysfunction and reduces the volume of cerebral infarction in the rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion. The underlying mechanism is related to the inhibition of microglia pyroptosis through modulating NLRP3/Caspase-1/GSDMD axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Caspase 1/genetics , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Electroacupuncture , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , RNA, Messenger
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2044-2048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980604

ABSTRACT

β-blocker is one of the commonly used anti-hypertensive drugs, and there are obvious differences in the selection of this class of drugs. Nebivolol is a third-generation β-blocker with a unique mechanism of action. This article summarizes the clinical application of nebivolol in anti-hypertensive treatment in recent years, and it is found that compared with other β-blockers, nebivolol has certain clinical treatment advantages. In addition to having a significant antihypertensive effect, it also has little impact on sexual function and heart rate of patients, and does not affect the blood glucose and lipid metabolism, so the drug is more suitable for some special groups of patients, including sexually active male hypertensive patients, hypertensive patients with complications such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979224

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the nocturnal erectile function between SRPE patients and normal people. MethodsFrom July 1st, 2019 to December 15th, 2022, a clinical comparative study was conducted on 29 SRPE patients (experimental group) and 58 volunteers (control group) who visited our urology department. The Rigiscan System was used to monitor sleep monitoring time, the number of nocturnal erections and the rigidity, duration and circumference growth of the penis when the erection reached 60%~79% and 80%~100%, respectively. The patients and volunteers were asked to make written records when they woke up, and then the total number of awakenings and the number of awakenings when the penis erection reached 60% and 80% were compared between the two groups. ResultsAge was eliminated by matching. There was no statistically significant difference in sleep monitoring time, rigidity, circumference growth and duration of the penis when the erection reached 60%~79% and 80%~100%. between the two groups. In terms of sleep, there was a statistically significant difference in the total number of awakenings between the two groups[3(2 ~ 4)vs 0(0 ~ 0),P<0.01] .And the same was true for the number of awakenings when the penis erection exceeded 60%~79% [1(0 ~ 1)vs 0(0 ~ 0),P<0.01]and 80%~100% [2(1 ~ 3)vs 0(0 ~ 0),P<0.01]. ConclusionRigiscan monitoring showed that there was no difference between SRPE patients and normal male in nocturnal penile erection function. Painful awakening usually occurs when the penis erection reaches 60%~79% or 80%~100%, which reveals that SRPE may be caused by abnormal sensation of nocturnal erections or pain sensitivity in some of these patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979220

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of percutaneous and intravenous contrast-enhanced ultrasound(P-Ⅳ-CEUS) in sentinel lymph nodes(SLNs) after resection of early-stage primary breast cancer. MethodsA retrospective analysis was done on the clinical and imaging data of 42 early breast cancer patients. Following primary tumor resection, all these patients underwent reoperation in our hospital. SLNs were examined by preoperative P-Ⅳ-CEUS and intraoperative sentinel lymph node biopsy(SLNB) was performed by using Methylene blue as a tracer. Then we analyzed the detection and false-negative rate in CEUS and SLNB respectively. By using the surgical pathological results as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficacy of CEUS for SLNs was explored. ResultsThe detection rate and false negative rate of SLNs in percutaneous contrast-enhanced ultrasound (P-CEUS) were 92.9% (39/42) and 7.1% (3/42), respectively. The detection rate in methylene blue staining was 100% (41/41) and one patient underwent neoadjuvant therapy due to biopsy-confirmed metastasis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of P-Ⅳ-CEUS were 66.7% (2/3), 100% (37/37), 100% (2/2), 97.3% (36/37) and 97.4% (38/39), respectively. ConclusionsP-Ⅳ-CEUS after resection of early-stage primary breast cancer can accurately detect SLNs and characterize their status, which is a reliable clinical basis for reducing invasive SLNB.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1641-1649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978731

ABSTRACT

Eleven monoterpenes including seven new chemical structures or new natural products covering two pairs of scalemic enantiomers, together with four known analogues, were isolated from an aqueous extract of the Angelica sinensis root head (Guitou) by separation techniques of column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and Toyopearl HW-40C, together with preparative thin-layer chromatography as well as reversed phase and chiral HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis, combined with theoretic calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The new structures or new natural products named (+)-/(-)-angelinones A and B [(+)-/(-)-1 and (+)-/(-)-2], angelinones C and D (3 and 4), and angelinol A (5), respectively, while the known analogues were 6β,9-dihydroxy-(+)-α-pinene (6), 1,1,5-trimethyl-2-hydroxymethyl-cyclohexa-2,5-dien-4-one (7), jasminol E (8), and (+)-trans-sobrerol (9). All the isolates were reported in this plant for the first time, except for the previously reported 6 from an ethanol extract of the aerial parts of A. sinensis, of which the structure was confirmed by X-ray crystallography in this study.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1833-1841, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978656

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of the nephrotic syndrome is complex and the pathological types are diverse, so the minor symptoms in its early phases are difficult to detect. Renal biopsy is the gold indicator for the diagnosis of renal pathology and progression, but poor patient compliance shows, and the optimal treatment time is often delayed. Therefore, the discovery of biomarkers for early diagnosis and disease progression monitoring is of great clinical significance. In this study, doxorubicin-injured podocyte models were used to simulate human kidney disease at different stages of progression. LC-MS-based metabolomic technology combined with statistical methods was used to screen and identify the potential biomarkers associated with early injury or progression of podocytes. The results of cell viability, apoptosis tests and podocyte structural protein analysis showed that the model was successfully constructed, and the degree of podocyte injury was significantly different between the two modeling methods. According to VIP > 1 and P < 0.05 based on the orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model, nine differential metabolites reflecting early podocyte injury and twelve differential metabolites reflecting the injury progression were screened, respectively. ROC analysis was adopted to focus on the potential biomarkers that can reflecting the early podocyte injury including L-tryptophan, guanosine triphosphate (GTP), 5′-thymidylic acid (dTMP) and thymidine, and the biomarkers reflecting the injury progression of podocytes composed of L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine acid, uridine 5′-diphosphate (UDP) and guanosine 5′-diphosphate (GDP) AUC > 0.85. It indicated that these eight metabolites may have high sensitivity and diagnostic ability. This study provides a reference for the research on biomarkers of progressive diseases.

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