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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 651-655, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012838

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the results of fundus screening in 5 307 newborns and the related factors of fundus diseases.METHODS: A total of 5 307 newborns who underwent fundus screening in our ophthalmology department from January to December 2022 were selected. RetCam III system was used for fundus examination, and abnormal fundus conditions were recorded. The influencing factors of retinal hemorrhage in full-term infants and retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)in preterm infants were analyzed.RESULTS: The incidence of ocular abnormalities in newborns was 27.17%, with the highest incidence of retinal hemorrhage(61.23%), followed by retinal exudation(22.95%), ROP and ROP like retinopathy(10.68%). The incidence of morning glory syndrome(0.21%), albino fundus(0.21%), and permanent fetal vasculature(PFV; 0.28%)was lower. The incidence of eye abnormalities in full-term infants was lower than that in preterm infants(26.30% vs 30.08%, P<0.05), and the incidence of retinal hemorrhage and exudation in full-term infants was higher than that in preterm infants(P<0.05). The incidence of ROP and ROP like retinopathy in preterm infants was higher than that in full-term infants(P<0.05). Natural delivery is a risk factor for retinal hemorrhage in full-term infants(P<0.05). Fetal age(32-34, 30-31 wk), birth weight(1 500-2 499, <1 500 g), milk powder feeding, and oxygen inhalation are risk factors for ROP in premature infants(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The incidence of eye abnormalities in newborns at our hospital is relatively high, and early detection of eye abnormalities in newborns can be achieved through fundus screening.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1739-1744, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression level of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) in multiple myeloma (MM), its relationship with clinical indicators, prognosis and potential role.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of NAMPT in bone marrow biopsies of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) and patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) hospitalized during the same period. According to the median expression level of NAMPT, NDMM patients were divided into high expression group and low expression group. The correlation between NAMPT expression level and clinical baseline data was analyzed, and survival analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between NAMPT expression level and prognosis. The GSE24080 and GSE19784 datasets were used to analyze the effect of NAMPT on the prognosis. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) explored the possible mechanism of NAMPT involved in MM cell function.@*RESULTS@#The mean staining intensity of NAMPT in bone marrow tissue of 31 NDMM patients was 0.007±0.002, and that of 10 IDA patients was 0.002±0.002 (P < 0.05). The median expression level of NAMPT was 0.0041 in NDMM patients, and the mean staining intensity of high expression group and low expression group was 0.007±0.005 and 0.002±0.001, respectively (P < 0.001). There were certain differences in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP) and ISS staging between high expression group and low expression group (P < 0.001), while no significant differences in other indicators. The overall response rate (ORR) of high expression group was significantly lower than that of low expression group (P < 0.001). The median survival time of patients in high expression group was significantly shorter than that in low expression group (P =0.024). The results of bioinformatics analysis showed that the event-free survival (EFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate of low NAMPT group were both higher than high NAMPT group (P =0.037, P =0.009), and NAMPT was an independent prognostic factor for EFS and OS (P =0.006, P =0.020). GSEA suggested that NAMPT might affect MM cell function through mTORC1 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression level of NAMPT in bone marrow of NDMM patients is significantly higher than that of IDA patients, and the high expression of NAMPT may be correlated with late ISS stage, and high level of LDH and CRP. Patients with high expression of NAMPT have worse response to bortezomib and survival time may be shorter. NAMPT may be involved in the occurrence and development of MM through mTORC1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Bone Marrow/pathology , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase , Clinical Relevance , Prognosis , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1
3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 300-304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the treatment of the patients with severe phenotype of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type ⅣA by analysing the clinical feature and diagnosis.Methods:Two pediatric patients diagnosed as MPS ⅣA in severe form were enrolled in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from August 2021 to April 2022.Two children from 2 pedigrees with the main manifestations of short stature and bone deformities were retrospectively included.The clinical manifestations, biochemical indexes, and bone imaging findings were retrospectively analyzed.Peripheral blood leukocytes were collected and subjected to the N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS) assay and genetic sequencing.Gene analysis of amniotic fluid cells at the 18 th week of the second pregnancy of the mother of case 2 was performed for prenatal diagnosis.Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) was performed in both patients and to explore the treatment of patients with MPS ⅣA. Results:Both cases presented clinical manifestations of short stature, joint laxity, pectus carinatum, and genu valgus.X-ray examination revealed the decreased bone mineral density, ulnar deviation of the radial epiphysis, kyphosis and scoliosis.The respiratory and skeletal systems were affected in both patients, and the optic nerve was suspiciously affected. GALNS gene analysis showed that there were 2 missense mutations of c. 1019G>A (p.G340D) and c. 706C>G (p.H236D) in case 1, and 2 missense mutations of c. 425A>G (p.H142R) and c. 463G>A (p.G155R) were detected in case 2.Mutations in both cases were inherited from their fathers and mothers, which were all newly discovered that have not been reported.Only the c. 463G>A mutation was detected in the amniotic fluid cells of the mother of case 2.It is confirmed that case 2 was the carrier of MPS ⅣA, whose gene mutation was from the mother, and case 2 did not suffer the same disease as the proband.Both cases were treated with allo-HSCT with full donor chimerism and no severe transplant complications were reported.Their GALNS activity was within the normal range, and the scores of activities of daily living were higher than those before transplantation. Conclusions:The MPS ⅣA patients with severe phenotype is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by GALNS mutations that is difficult to diagnose and poor prognosis.Early detection, diagnosis, and effective treatment contribute to improve the long-term quality of life.The allo-HSCT is an effective therapeutic strategy for MPS ⅣA.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 983-988, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013212

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of the sodium channel blockers (SCB) antiseizure medication in the treatment of focal epilepsy in infants under 6 months of age. Methods: This was a case series study. Infants with focal epilepsy with onset within 6 months of age and treated with SCB attending the Department of Neurology of Beijing Children's Hospital from June 2016 to April 2022 were collected. The clinical data, auxiliary examinations, SCB application, efficacy, adverse reactions, and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were grouped according to type of seizure and epileptic syndrome, age of onset and etiology. Chi square test and Fisher exact test were used to analyze the differences between groups statistically. Results: A total of 118 infants were enrolled, 65 males and 53 females, with an age of epilepsy onset of 56 (4, 114) days. Developmental and epileptic encephalopathy was diagnosed in 60 infants, 39 had self-limited neonatal and (or) infantile epilepsy, and 19 had non-syndromic focal epilepsy. Application of SCB: 106 used oxcarbazepine, 2 used lacosamide, 9 switched from oxcarbazepine to lacosamide or a combination of 2 SCB, and 1 used oxcarbazepine, lacosamide, and lamotrigine successively; oxcarbazepine was the first choice in 46 cases. The age at which SCB was applied was 103 (53, 144) days. The children were followed up for 6 months to 6 years. SCB was effective in 89 cases (75.4%), including 70 cases (59.3%) who achieved seizure freedom. The seizure-free rate was higher in the focal epilepsy only group than in the group with other seizure types (64.4% (65/101) vs. 4/17, χ²=9.99, P<0.05). The responder and seizure-free rates were all higher in the group with the onset age of >3-6 months than the group >1-3 months (84.4% (38/45) vs. 62.5% (20/32), 73.3% (33/45) vs. 46.9% (15/32), χ²=4.85 and 5.58, both P<0.05). With the exception of variants in the PRRT2 gene, those with variants in sodium or potassium channels had higher responder and seizure-free rates than those with variants in other genes(86.2% (25/29) vs. 45.5% (10/22), 62.1% (18/29) vs. 22.7% (5/22), χ²=9.65 and 7.82,both P<0.05). The most common adverse event was transient hyponatremia, which happened in 66 cases (55.9%). There were 9 cases of rash, which subsided in 6 cases after discontinuing oxcarbazepine and switching to lacosamide, and 7 cases of electrocardiogram abnormalities, which improved after withdrawing oxcarbazepine and changing to lacosamide in 1 case. Conclusion: SCB are effective and tolerable in the treatment of focal epilepsy in infants under 6 months of age, with better efficacy in patients with genetic variants of the sodium or potassium channel, focal seizures only, and seizure onset >3-6 months of age.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant , Sodium Channel Blockers/adverse effects , Oxcarbazepine , Lacosamide , Retrospective Studies , Epilepsies, Partial/drug therapy , Seizures , Sodium , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects
5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 559-566, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977335

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study’s objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of Pulsed Magnetic Therapy System (PMTS) in improving insomnia disorder. @*Methods@#Participants with insomnia disorder were randomly assigned to receive either PMTS or sham treatment for four weeks (n= 153; PMTS: 76, sham: 77). Primary outcomes are the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scores at week 0 (baseline), 1, 2, 3, 4 (treatment), and 5 (follow-up). Secondary outcomes are the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index at baseline and week 4, and weekly sleep diary-derived values for sleep latency, sleep efficiency, real sleep time, waking after sleep onset, and sleep duration. @*Results@#The ISI scores of the PMTS group and the sham group were 7.13±0.50, 11.07±0.51 at week 4, respectively. There was a significant group×time interaction for ISI (F3.214, 485.271=24.25, p<0.001, ηp 2=0.138). Only the PMTS group experienced continuous improvement throughout the study; in contrast, the sham group only experienced a modest improvement after the first week of therapy. At the end of the treatment and one week after it, the response of the PMTS group were 69.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 58.6%–79.0%), 75.0% (95% CI: 64.1%–83.4%), respectively, which were higher than the response of the sham group (p<0.001). For each of the secondary outcomes, similar group×time interactions were discovered. The effects of the treatment persisted for at least a week. @*Conclusion@#PMTS is safe and effective in improving insomnia disorders.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 476-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and efficacy of hypomethylating agent (HMA) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 37 newly diagnosed patients with CMML was analyzed retrospectively, and their clinical characteristics and the efficacy of HMA were summarized. Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank test were used for univariate survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The median age at diagnosis was 67 years old. Their common manifestations included fatigue, bleeding, abnormal blood routine and fever. Most patients had splenomegaly. According to FAB classification, there were 6 cases of myelodysplastic CMML and 31 cases of myeloproliferative CMML, while according to WHO classification, 8 patients belonged to CMML-0, 9 patients to CMML-1 and 20 patients to CMML-2. At the time of diagnosis, the median white blood cell count was 32.84×109/L, median hemoglobin (Hb) was 101 g/L, median platelet count was 65×109/L, median absolute monocyte count was 9.53×109//L, median absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 11.29×109//L and median lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was 374 U/L. Cytogenetic abnormalities were found in 4 cases among the 31 patients who underwent karyotype analysis or fluorescence in situ hybridization detection. There were 12 patients who had analyzable results and gene mutations were identified in 11 cases, including ASXL1, NRAS, TET2, SRSF2 and RUNX1. Among the 6 patients who were treated with HMA and could be evaluated for efficacy, 2 patients achieved complete remission, 1 patient achieved partial remission and 2 patients achieved clinical benefit. Compared with the non-HMA treatment group, overall survival (OS) time was not significantly prolonged in the HMA treatment group. Univariate analysis showed that Hb<100 g/L, ANC≥12×109/L, LDH≥250 U/L and peripheral blood (PB) blasts ≥5% were significantly associated with poor OS, while WHO classification CMML-2, Hb<100 g/L, ANC≥12×109/L, LDH≥250 U/L and PB blasts≥5% were significantly associated with poor leukemia-free survival (LFS) (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ANC≥12×109/L and PB blasts≥5% were significantly associated with poor OS and LFS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CMML has high heterogeneity in clinical characteristics, genetic changes, prognosis and treatment response. HMA can not significantly improve the survival of CMML patients. ANC≥12×109/L and PB blasts≥5% are independent prognostic factors of OS and LFS in patients with CMML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Survival Analysis , Prognosis
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 383-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of therapy-related hematological neoplasms patients secondary to malignant solid tumors.@*METHODS@#The clinical features, treatment and prognosis of 36 hematological neoplasms patients secondary to malignant solid tumors with radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 36 patients with therapy-related hematological neoplasms had a median age of 60 (47-81) years, 14 were male and 22 were female. Among them, 22 cases were acute myeloid leukemia, 5 cases were acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 4 cases were multiple myeloma, 3 cases were myelodysplastic syndrome, and 2 cases were non-hodgkin's lymphoma. The median latency of malignant tumor to hematological neoplasm was 42.5 (12-120) months. The median survival time of therapy-related hematological neoplasms was 10.5 (1-83) months, and the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 24.3%. The therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia patients had a very poor prognosis, with a median survival of 7 (1-83) months and a 3-year OS rate of 21.4%.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of therapy-related hematological neoplasms secondary to malignant solid tumors with radiotherapy and chemotherapy is poor, and individualized treatment should be implemented according to the clinical situation of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1584-1587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010010

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a common plasma cell malignancy, accounting for the second largest hematological malignancy. Proteasome inhibitors represented by bortezomib (BTZ) have been the main treatment for patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed or refractory myeloma in nearly two decades. Although BTZ has improved the prognosis of MM patients, MM remains incurable in most patients, mainly because MM cells become resistant to BTZ. This review is to better understand the mechanism of MM resistance to BTZ and explore possible new therapeutic strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Proteasome Inhibitors/pharmacology , Prognosis , Plasma Cells/pathology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1309-1314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression level of HK2 gene in the bone marrow of newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and investigate its influence on the clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The expression level of HK2 gene in the bone marrow of 90 newly diagnosed patients with AML that accompanying clinical characteristics and survival status were detected by RT-qPCR, and compared with 18 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) donors. The Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the correlation of HK2 expression level with clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with allo-HSCT donors, the HK2 expression was significantly increased in newly diagnosed AML patients (P <0.01). Compared with patients with total response (OR, complete response + complete response with incomplete hematologic recovery) after 2 courses of induction chemotherapy, the expression of HK2 in patients without OR was significantly increased (P <0.05). There was a significant difference in the relative expression of HK2 between patients with and without OR after 2 courses of induction therapy (P <0.001). The median survival time of patients with high expression of HK2 was significantly shorter than that of patients with low expression of HK2 (P <0.05). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that prognostic stratification, the expression level of HK2, and whether two courses of induction therapy achieved OR were independent factors affecting the prognosis of AML patients (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with allo-HSCT donors, the expression level of HK2 gene is increased in the bone marrow of newly diagnosed AML patients. The prognosis of patients with high expression of HK2 is poor. The expression level of HK2 is an independent factor affecting the prognosis of AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects
10.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 209-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964935

ABSTRACT

Background Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is a common plasticizer in daily life and has been proved to be related to the exacerbation of allergic asthma. Domestic and foreign studies have shown that lipid peroxidation is closely related to the severity of asthma, which can be used as a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of asthma. Whether DBP can induce lipid peroxidation in allergic asthma remains to be further studied. Objective To investigate whether DBP aggravates allergic asthma by inducing lipid peroxidation in allergic asthma mice. Methods Eighty male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely control group, DBP group (40 mg·kg−1), 50 μg ovalbumin (OVA) group (allergic asthma model group), and DBP+OVA group. The DBP group and the DBP+OVA group were given DBP by gavage from Day 1 to 28, and the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of OVA, once every 3 d, a total of 5 injections, from Day 9 to 21. From Day 29 to 35, the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were challenged by OVA atomization. After the exposure, samples of blood and lung were collected. The airway hyperresponsiveness of mice was observed by lung function analysis. The serum contents of immunoglobulin E (IgE), OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (OVA-IgE), and lung homogenate levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to evaluate airway allergic inflammation. The pathological changes of lung tissues were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and collagen fiber (Masson) staining. The contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid ROS, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) in lung homogenates were detected by ELISA to evaluate lipid peroxidation. Results The results of lung function analysis showed that compared with the control group, the inspiratory resistance (Ri) and expiratory resistance (Re) of the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were increased, and the lung compliance (Cldyn) was decreased. The DBP + OVA group was more severe, and the difference between the OVA group and the DBP + OVA group was statistically significant (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the contents of IgE, OVA-IgE, and IL-4 in the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), which indicated more severe allergic airway inflammation. The HE sections of the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group showed inflammatory cell infiltration around the airway, airway wall hyperplasia and thickening, and severe airway deformation, and the presentation of the DBP+OVA group was the most serious. After Masson staining, the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group showed depositions of a large number of collagen fibers, and the blue collagen fibrosis in the DBP+OVA group was even more serious. ROS, lipid ROS, MDA, and 4-HNE levels increased and GSH and GPX4 levels decreased in the OVA and DBP+OVA groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01), with the most severe effect in the DBP+OVA group. Conclusion DBP may induce lipid peroxidation in mice allergic asthma by producing excessive ROS which may aggravate the allergic asthma in mice.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 769-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression level of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT ) in bone marrow of multiple myeloma (MM) patients and its correlation with clinicopathological features, clinical efficacy and prognosis.@*METHODS@#RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of NAMPT mRNA and protein in bone marrow mononuclear cells from 85 newly diagnosed MM patients (including 17 relapsed MM patients) and 15 healthy donors, and explore the correlation of the expression of NAMPT gene with clinicopathological features and efficacy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the effects of NAMPT on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), and univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed.@*RESULTS@#The median expression level of NAMPT mRNA in bone marrow of newly diagnosed and relapsed MM patients was significantly higher than that of healthy donors (P <0.001). The expression of NAMPT mRNA in relapsed MM patients was significantly higher than that in newly diagnosed MM patients (P <0.001), which was consistent with the expression of NAMPT protein. ISS staging, lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein levels, p53 deletion and the proportion of myeloma cells were increased in high NAMPT expression group compared with low NAMPT expression group (P <0.001). Compared with complete remission group, NAMPT mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in partial remission group, progression group and relapsed group (P <0.001). The median OS and PFS of patients in high NAMPT expression group was 27.3 and 14.9 months, respectively, which was significantly shorter than 39.1 and 27 months in low NAMPT expression group (P =0.048, P <0.001). Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed that NAMPT expression was correlated with PFS and OS.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of NAMPT in newly diagnosed and relapsed MM patients is significantly higher than that in normal controls, and its up-regulation is related to the adverse clinical characteristics, efficacy and prognosis of MM patients. NAMPT is an independent prognostic risk factor of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Treatment Outcome
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 693-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, therapeutic response and prognosis of patients with plasma cell leukemia (PCL) and improve the understanding of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, laboratory tests and treatment response of 27 patients with plasma cell leukemia treated in The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from December 2010 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, and their clinical characteristics were summarized. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.@*RESULTS@#There were 18 cases of primary plasma cell leukemia (pPCL) and 9 cases of secondary plasma cell leukemia (sPCL). The male to female ratio was 1.7∶1. The median age was 62 years old. The first manifestations were bone pain, fatigue, fever, splenomegaly and bleeding, and a large number of plasma cell infiltration was observed in the morphological examination of peripheral blood and bone marrow cells. 13 cases were detected by immunotyping and all of them expressed CD38/CD138. 8 cases underwent karyotype analysis, and 3 cases were normal, clonal abnormalities occurred in 5 cases. FISH detection was performed in 12 cases, of which 8 cases were abnormal. In 17 cases of bortezomib based chemotherapy, the ovevall response rate was 52.9%, which was higher than that in the non-bortezomib group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P =0.242). The overall median survival time of 27 patients was 6.4 months, the median progression-free survival time was 3.5 months, and the median survival time of patients with pPCL and sPCL was 8.2 months and 2.4 months, respectively, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P =0.031).@*CONCLUSION@#PCL is highly invasive and has diverse clinical manifestations, and is not sensitive to traditional chemotherapy. The median survival time of patients with pPCL is relatively longer than that of patients with sPCL. The chemotherapy regimen based on bortezomib improves the treatment effectiveness and prolongs the survival time of PCL patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Survival Analysis
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 988-996, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the effect of low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) in promoting osteoblast mineralization and maturation is related to the primary cilia, polycystin2 (PC2) and sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#We detected the expression levels of PC2, sAC, PKA, CREB and their phosphorylated proteins in primary rat calvarial osteoblasts exposed to 50 Hz 0.6 mT PEMFs for 0, 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min. We blocked PC2 function with amiloride hydrochloride and detected the changes in the activity of sAC/PKA/CREB signal pathway and the mineralization and maturation of the osteoblasts. These examinations were repeated in the osteoblasts after specific knockdown of PC2 via RNA interference and were the co-localization of PC2, sAC, PKA, CREB and their phosphorylated proteins with the primary cilia were using immunofluorescence staining. The expressions of PC2 and the signaling proteins of sAC/PKA/CREB pathway were detected after inhibition of primary ciliation by RNA interference.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PC2, sAC, p-PKA and p- CREB were significantly increased in the osteoblasts after exposure to PEMFs for different time lengths (P < 0.01). Blocking PC2 function or PC2 knockdown in the osteoblasts resulted in failure of sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway activation and arrest of osteoblast mineralization and maturation. PC2, sAC, p-PKA and p-CREB were localized to the entire primary cilia or its roots, but PKA and CREB were not detected in the primary cilia. After interference of the primary cilia, PEMFs exposure no longer caused increase of PC2 expression and failed to activate the sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway or promote osteoblast mineralization and maturation.@*CONCLUSION@#PC2, located on the surface of the primary cilia of osteoblasts, can perceive and transmit the physical signals from PEMFs and promote the mineralization and maturation of osteoblasts by activating the PC2/ sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Electromagnetic Fields , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis/genetics , Signal Transduction
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 481-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value of hemopoietic scoring system composed of hemoglobin (HB), platelet count (PLT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in MM patients and its correlation with curative effect.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 172 newly diagnosed MM patients treated by bortezomib as the first-line regimen in our hospital from May 2014 to December 2019 were collected, three variables (HB≤100 g/L, PLT≤150×109/L, MCV≥96 fl) were introduced, each variable was distributed 1 score, the patients were divided into four groups (0, 1, 2 and 3 points in group 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively), and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients in the four groups were analyzed. The initial efficacy evaluation after 3-4 courses of treatment was carried out, and the curative effect of the patients in the different hematopoiesis score groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The median OS time of the patients in group 1, 2, 3 and 4 was 27.0, 22.5, 20.7 and 18.1 months, while the median PFS time were 23.0, 19.0, 18.0 and 14.0 months, respectively. The OS and PFS of the patients in low score group were significantly better than those in high score group (P=0.045, P=0.048). There was no significant difference in the curative effect of the patients treated by bortezomib after 3-4 courses (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoiesis score can preliminarily predict the overall survival of newly diagnosed MM patients, but there is no significant difference between different scoring groups in the initial curative effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 170-174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different chemotherapy regimens in elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients with different Frailty scores.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of elderly patients with MM were retrospectively analyzed, including age, treatment regimen, efficacy, adverse reactions, and the Frailty score included in the activity of daily living score, the instrumental activity of daily living scale and the Charlson comorbidity index. The patients were divided into fit group, mediate fit group and frail group according to the scoring standard. The treatment efficiency and adverse reaction rates of elderly MM with different physical conditions treated by different chemotherapy regimens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 70 patients, the effective rates of the patients in fit group, the mediate fit group, and the frail group were 79.5%, 81%, and 40%, and the effective rates of the fit patients in double and triple groups were 54.5% and 89.3%, 70% and 90.9% for mediate fit patients, 42.9% and 33.3% for frail patients, the triple regimen in fit patients showed obvious advantages, and the difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05), while the efficacy for mediate patients and frail patients showed no significant difference. During the induction of bortezomib, the incidence of adverse reactions for the patients in the triple group (78.6%) was higher than 67.9% in the double group, and the difference showed no statistically significant (P>0.05).There was no significant difference in the 1-year overall survival rate of the patients and with molecular genetic abnormalities among each groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect is related to the patient's physical condition. For patients with healthy physique, the triple regimen should be used first. For patients with weak physical constitution, the chemotherapy regimen with low drug toxicity should be selected for safety.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Bortezomib , Frailty , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 141-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of multiple myeloma patients with myelofibrosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 263 patients with multiple myeloma (including 92 patients with myelofibrosis) treated in the department of hematology of our hospital from January 1, 2016 to June 31, 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed, the patients were divided into combined group and uncombined group. The MM stage, MM type, genetic characteristics and therapeutic effect of the patients in combined group and uncombined group were observed, and the relationship between the curative effect and the degree of myelofibrosis change of the patients in combined group was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically difference in the MM staging and classification between multiple myeloma patients with or without myelofibrosis (P>0.05). The positive rate of FISH results of the patients in combined group was significantly higher than those in uncombined group, and was significantly correlated to 1q21 amplification, D13S319 deletion, and IgH breakage (P<0.05). After treatment, the effective rate of the patients in uncombined group was significantly higher than those in combined group, and the degree of fibrosis in the effective patients in combined group was significantly reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#The survival rate of the patients with multiple myeloma complicated with myelofibrosis is shorter than that of the patients without myelofibrosis, and the overall prognosis is poor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Primary Myelofibrosis/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 537-545, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015730

ABSTRACT

Under the background of comprehensively advancing the construction of " curriculum ideological and political" in colleges and universities, various colleges and universities have carried out ideological and political construction in professional courses in order to implement the fundamental task of moral education. This article takes the course " Biochemistry and Molecular Biology" of Chengdu Medical College as an example, deeply excavates the ideological and political elements contained in the course, and finally identified seven typical ideological and political elements and carried out corresponding curriculum design, and applies the case teaching method to practice them in teaching. Questionnaires were issued to 888 students of six majors (clinical medicine, anesthesiology, pediatrics, medical imaging, pharmacy, and Chinese pharmacy) to test the implementation effect. The results showed that case-based ideological and political teaching can better enhance Students′ recognition of this course and help students form good ideological values, and initially achieve the purpose of ideological and political teaching of professional courses. Finally, this article makes active exploration and practice from the construction and implementation of curriculum ideology and politics, as well as the optimization and improvement of curriculum ideology and politics, in order to provide references for the comprehensive implementation of “curriculum ideology and politics” in professional courses.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1382-1388, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014019

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the protective effect of fluoxetine hydrochloride on brain tissues of rats with simulated high altitude cerebral edema(HACE)and its mechanism.Methods The optimal dosage and time of fluoxetine hydrochloride were determined by the hypoxia tolerance test of mice under normal pressure.The rat model of brain edema at high altitude was established by large-scale low-pressure oxygen chamber.HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissues in rats.Microplate reader was used to detect the corresponding indexes of oxidative stress such as malondialdehyde(MDA)level and superoxide dismutase(SOD)activity.The expressions of hypoxia-related proteins HIF-1α,VEGF,MMP-9,AQP4 and SERT were detected by Western blot.Results Compared with the hypoxia model group,after the intervention of fluoxetine hydrochloride,the survival time of mice was prolonged,and the middle dose of fluoxetine(14 mg·kg-1)had the best effect,with an extension rate of 17.78%.The pathological damage of brain was improved,the water content of brain decreased,and the permeability of blood-brain barrier decreased.MDA content in rat brain decreased and SOD activity increased.Western blot results showed that HIF-1α,VEGF,MMP-9,AQP4,SERT protein were significantly down-regulated.Conclusions Fluoxetine has protective effect on rats with brain edema at high altitude,and its mechanism may be related to improving oxidative stress,activating HIF-1α/VEGF/MMP-9 signaling pathway and affecting the expression of SERT protein.SERT may be a potential target for treating brain edema at high altitude.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 64-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics and clinical diagnostic value of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) for prostate cancer (PCa).Methods:The clinical data of patients with PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treated in Qinhuangdao Second Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into PCa group and BPH group. T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI were performed respectively. The T2WI image characteristics, peripheral band and transitional band apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and DCE-MRI image types were compared between the two groups. Patients in the two groups were evaluated by Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) v2 Score. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the value of mp-MRI sequences in the differential diagnosis of PCA and BPH.Results:There were significant differences in image features of T2WI and DWI between PCa group and BPH group; the ADC values of both patients in peripheral zone were significantly higher than those in transition zone (all P<0.05); the ADC values of PCa patients in peripheral zone and transition zone were significantly lower than those of BPH patients (all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the types of DCE-MRI images in PCa and BPH patients ( P<0.05), and the Tmax of PCa patients was significantly lower than that of BPH patients ( P<0.05), while the SImax was significantly higher than that of BPH patients ( P<0.05). PI-RADS v2 Score showed that there were statistically significant differences in the T2WI and DWI scores between PCa patients and BPH patients ( P<0.05), and the positive rates of DCE-MRI in the two groups were 94.00% and 24.00% respectively ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity of T2WI, DWI, DCE-MRI and combined diagnosis of PCa and BPH were 64.0%, 76.0%, 94.0% and 96.0% respectively, and the specificity were 90.0%, 92.0%, 76.0% and 84.0%. Conclusions:mp-MRI sequences have many differences in PCa and BPH. Combined with RI-RADS v2, it can effectively identify and is of great significance for improving the early diagnosis of PCa.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 379-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the importance of managing retro-orbicularis oculi fat (ROOF) in double-fold eyelid operation for patients with swollen upper-eyelid.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2020, 76 cases of swollen upper-eyelid were treated with double-fold eyelid operation by PARK method. In operation, an oval shape ROOF was removed from the outside-to the inside, and then appropriate lateral intraorbital fat was also removed. If fleshy orbicularis oculi muscle and anterior tarsus fat affected appearance of double-fold eyelid, both of them might be removed properly.Results:All patients were followed up from seven days to two years, two cases presented with shallowed double-fold eyelid, 5 cases of lacrimal gland prolapse had good lacrimal gland reduction and no recurrence; 4 cases of ptosis had normal corneal exposure and natural appearance after correction; the swollen upper-eyelid was obviously improved in 74 cases, and restoration stage was short, the apperaence and radian of doule-fold eyelid were beautiful, local scar was slight, satisfactory operative effect was achieved.Conclusions:In double-fold eyelid operation by PARK method for patients with swollen upper-eyelid, an ideal effect would be achieved, if transconjunctival route and fleshy orbicularis oculi muscle are appropriately removed in turn according to the reasons to give rise to swollen upper-eyelid.

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