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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high performance liquid chromatographic(HPLC) quantitative method for the determination of polyaminopropyl biguanide(PAPB) in cosmetics. Methods:Different forms of cosmetic samples were prepared by ultrasonic extraction and followed by high speed centrifugation of the extraction solution. The supernatant was degreased by hexane, and then was filtered by 0.22 μm millipore filter. The continued filtrate was taken for analysis. An Agilent reversed phase column, Zorbax SB-C18(5 μm,4.6 mm×250 mm)was used with 0.02 mol/L ammonium acetate buffer (pH=4.8) : methanol (60∶40) as the mobile phase under the condition of isocratic elution. Diode array detection method was used for PAPB determination. Qualitative and quantitative determination of PAPB was conducted in 51 batches of commercially available cosmetics. Results:The relative standard deviations (RSD) were in the range of 1.2 %-4.4 %(n=6); the recoveries were in the range of 97.5 %-106.5 %.The method showed a good linearity within the concentration range of 5-1 000 μg/mL with correlation coefficient of 0.999 62; The detection limit was 15 mg/kg. In 51 batches of commercially available cosmetics. One batch of makeup remover showed positive resullt, which was consistent with the UV spectrum of the standard. Conclusion:We have established a HPLC method for accurate quantification of PAPB. It can be used for analyzing the cosmetics products.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 240-248, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879765

ABSTRACT

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) have great applications in both reproductive and regenerative medicine. Primates including monkeys are very similar to humans with regard to physiology and pathology. Nevertheless, little is known about the isolation, the characteristics, and the culture of primate SSCs. This study was designed to identify, isolate, and culture monkey SSCs. Immunocytochemistry was used to identify markers for monkey SSCs. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family receptor alpha-1 (GFRA1)-enriched spermatogonia were isolated from monkeys, namely Macaca fascicularis (M. fascicularis), by two-step enzymatic digestion and magnetic-activated cell sorting, and they were cultured on precoated plates in the conditioned medium. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunocytochemistry, and RNA sequencing were used to compare phenotype and transcriptomes in GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia between 0 day and 14 days of culture, and xenotransplantation was performed to evaluate the function of GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia. SSCs shared some phenotypes with rodent and human SSCs. GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia with high purity and viability were isolated from M. fascicularis testes. The freshly isolated cells expressed numerous markers for rodent SSCs, and they were cultured for 14 days. The expression of numerous SSC markers was maintained during the cultivation of GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia. RNA sequencing reflected a 97.3% similarity in global gene profiles between 0 day and 14 days of culture. The xenotransplantation assay indicated that the GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia formed colonies and proliferated in vivo in the recipient c-Kit

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897427

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The occurrence pattern of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer treatment remains unclear. @*Materials and Methods@#Phase II-III clinical trials that evaluated ICI-based treatments in cancer and were published between January 2007 and December 2019 were retrieved from public electronic databases. The pooled median time to onset (PMT-O), resolution (PMT-R), and immune-modulation resolution (PMT-IMR) of irAEs were generated using the metamedian package of R software. @*Results@#Twenty-two eligible studies involving 23 clinical trials and 8,436 patients were included. The PMT-O of all-grade irAEs ranged from 2.2 to 14.8 weeks, with the longest in renal events. The PMT-O of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly longer than that of all-grade irAEs induced by programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors (27.5 weeks vs. 8.4 weeks, p < 0.001) and treatment of nivolumab (NIV) plus ipilimumab (IPI) (7.9 weeks vs. 6.0 weeks, p < 0.001). The PMT-R of all-grade irAEs ranged from 0.1 to 54.3 weeks, with the shortest and longest in hypersensitivity/infusion reaction and endocrine events, respectively. The PMT-IMR of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly shorter than that of all-grade irAEs caused by PD-1/PD-L1 blockade (6.9 weeks vs. 40.6 weeks, p=0.002) and NIV+IPI treatment (3.1 weeks vs. 5.9 weeks, p=0.031). @*Conclusion@#This study revealed the general and specific occurrence pattern of ICI-induced irAEs in pan-cancers, which was deemed to aid the comprehensive understanding, timely detection, and effective management of ICI-induced irAEs.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889723

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The occurrence pattern of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer treatment remains unclear. @*Materials and Methods@#Phase II-III clinical trials that evaluated ICI-based treatments in cancer and were published between January 2007 and December 2019 were retrieved from public electronic databases. The pooled median time to onset (PMT-O), resolution (PMT-R), and immune-modulation resolution (PMT-IMR) of irAEs were generated using the metamedian package of R software. @*Results@#Twenty-two eligible studies involving 23 clinical trials and 8,436 patients were included. The PMT-O of all-grade irAEs ranged from 2.2 to 14.8 weeks, with the longest in renal events. The PMT-O of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly longer than that of all-grade irAEs induced by programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors (27.5 weeks vs. 8.4 weeks, p < 0.001) and treatment of nivolumab (NIV) plus ipilimumab (IPI) (7.9 weeks vs. 6.0 weeks, p < 0.001). The PMT-R of all-grade irAEs ranged from 0.1 to 54.3 weeks, with the shortest and longest in hypersensitivity/infusion reaction and endocrine events, respectively. The PMT-IMR of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly shorter than that of all-grade irAEs caused by PD-1/PD-L1 blockade (6.9 weeks vs. 40.6 weeks, p=0.002) and NIV+IPI treatment (3.1 weeks vs. 5.9 weeks, p=0.031). @*Conclusion@#This study revealed the general and specific occurrence pattern of ICI-induced irAEs in pan-cancers, which was deemed to aid the comprehensive understanding, timely detection, and effective management of ICI-induced irAEs.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922614

ABSTRACT

Adverse childhood experience (ACE) is potentially negative experience that occurs between 0 and 18 years old. The ACE adolescents have prominent mental health problems such as emotional regulation disorder, unstable interpersonal relationship, poor coping ability, and cognitive dysfunction. Until now, the factors affecting the mental health of ACE adolescents are not clear, but it is certain that the ecosystem in which ACE adolescents life affects their mental health. Specifically, the parent-child relationship, the school environment, the peer relationship in the micro-system, and the interaction between the parent-child relationship and other interpersonal relationship in the meso-system have been confirmed to be significantly related to the mental health of ACE adolescents. In the appearance system, the neighborhood cohesion, the level of family income, the educational level of parents and the different social and cultural background in the macro-system all have different degrees of impact on the development of ACE adolescents' psychological behaviors. In the diachronic system, the time and frequency of suffering from ACE have different effects on the mental health regarding the ACE adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Child , Child, Preschool , Ecosystem , Health Status , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Mental Health , Parents
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1387-1393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effects of novel phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor ZL-n-91 to the proliferation of leukemia cells L1210 and K562.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 method was used to detect the effect of ZL-n-91 to the proliferation of L1210 and K562 cells, and the proliferation rate, IC@*RESULTS@#ZL-n-91 showed a significant inhibitory effect to the proliferation of leukemia cells L1210 and K562 in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.001). After treated by ZL-n-91, the leukemia cells L1210 and K562 in the S-phase in cell cycle decreased significantly compared with those in control group (P<0.01). The apoptosis of leukemia cells L1210 and K562 could be induced by ZL-n-91 (P<0.001), and the expression level of apoptosis related protein BAX significantly increased. In the animal experiment, the result showed that ZL-n-91 could significantly inhibit the growth of subcutaneously transplantation tumor (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The novel phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor ZL-n-91 can effectively inhibit the proliferation of leukemia cells L1210 and K562, which has the potential of anti-leukemia drug development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Mice , Mice, Nude , Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitors/pharmacology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for death in patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:The clinical data of 141 cases of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February 1 to February 26, 2020 were included in this retrospective analysis. The gender, age, time of hospitalization after the onset, clinical manifestations, underlying diseases, laboratory examination indicators (inculding white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts, lymphocyte subsets, immunoglobulin, complement 3, complement 4, D-dimer, fibrinogen), and short term prognosis were compared between the death group and the survival group. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing the death of COVID-19 patients. The t test, Mann Whitney U test or chi-square test were used for comparison between groups. Results:Of the 141 COVID-19 patients, 52 died and 89 survived. The age, hypertension, chronic respiratory diseases, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, fever and wheeze of patients in the death group were all higher than those in the survival group, which were (70.7±13.3) years old vs (50.4±15.3) years old, 51.9%(27/52) vs 14.6%(13/89), 15.4%(8/52) vs 4.5%(4/89), 30.8%(16/52) vs 7.9%(7/89), 80.8%(42/52) vs 61.8%(55/89) and 50.0%(26/52) vs 25.8%(23/89), respectively. The differences were all statistically significant ( t=7.972, χ2=22.104, 3.615, 12.392, 5.503 and 8.447, respectively, all P<0.05). The white blood cell count, neutrophil count, CD4 + /CD8 + T lymphocyte, immunoglobulin E, D-dimer, fibrinogen, CD19 + T lymphocyte proportion and CD19 + T lymphocyte count of patients in the death group were all higher than those in the survival group, which were 8.20(5.26, 13.01)×10 9/L vs 5.29(3.96, 7.04)×10 9/L, 7.40(4.54, 11.46)×10 9/L vs 3.16(2.20, 5.01)×10 9/L, 2.32(1.77, 3.11) vs 1.63(1.25, 2.08), 125.0(42.6, 275.0) IU/mL vs 66.8(38.3, 143.0) IU/mL, 7.27(2.11, 16.21) mg/L vs 0.95(0.38, 2.54) mg/L, 4.37(2.72, 6.78) g/L vs 4.10(2.78, 4.97) g/L, (23.19±13.43)% vs (15.38±6.38)%, and (181.5±115.4)/μL vs (98.89±77.64)/μL, respectively. The differences were all statistically significant ( Z=3.944, 4.210, 2.834, 1.190, 5.497, 1.180, t=3.987, 3.411, respectively, all P<0.05). The lymphocyte count, CD3 + T lymphocyte proportion, CD3 + T lymphocyte count, CD8 + T lymphocyte proportion, CD8 + T lymphocyte count, CD16 + CD56 + T lymphocyte count and CD4 + T lymphocyte count were all lower than those in survival group, which were 0.47(0.37, 0.96)×10 9/L vs 1.33(0.90, 1.55)×10 9/L, 48.72%(42.31%, 76.92%) vs 69.91%(65.05%, 75.36%), 223.0(100.0, 403.0)/μL vs 761.0(499.0, 1 092.0)/μL, 13.82%(10.32%, 19.82%) vs 24.90%(20.87%, 29.57%), 55.5(30.5, 106.0)/μL vs 318.0(162.5, 443.5)/μL, 63.0(29.0, 99.5)/μL vs 140.0(69.5, 195.5)/μL and (209.74±140.13)/μL vs (487.61±232.02)/μL, respectively. The differences were all statistically significant ( Z=6.937, 3.944, 5.883, 3.924, 5.703, 3.517 and t=7.558, respectively, all P<0.01). Age, history of hypertension, white blood cell count, D-dimer, and fibrinogen were the risk factors for death of COVID-19 (odds ratio ( OR)=1.170, 10.405, 3.055, 1.128 and 1.343, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Age, underlying hypertension, white blood cell count, D-dimer and fibrinogen are independent prognostic factors for COVID-19.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the nursing experience of a patient with multiple renal transplants with high sensitization and severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome.Methods:A phased care intervention was implemented through multidisciplinary joint treatment.Results:The transplanted renal function of the patient recovered well, the concentration of immunopreparations was stable, and the patient was cured and discharged after 30 days of hospitalizationConclusion:Preoperative accurate antibody screening and effective desensitization therapy are the prerequisites for successful operation. Postoperative sleep apnea, rejection and observation and nursing of immunosuppressive drugs are implemented. Personalized rehabilitation guidance and psychological care are implemented throughout the whole process. Strengthening missions and attaching importance to continuous care have effectively protected patients' safety.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843901

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the individualized surgical approach and microsurgical treatment of spinal dumbbell tumors. Methods: We made a retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 26 cases of spinal dumbbell tumors resected at the Neurosurgery Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018. Individualized surgical approach was selected by the Toyama tumor classification and spinal internal fixation was conducted according to the patients' spinal instability before and during the operation. The sensory and motor scores of the American Spinal Cord Injury Association (ASIA) were compared before and after the surgery in order to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Results: All the 26 cases of spinal dumbbell tumors underwent single stage resection. There were 20 cases of schwannoma, 3 cases of ganglion neuroma, 2 cases of spinal meningioma, and 1 case of neurofibroma. The neurological symptoms of the patients were improved to different extent after the operation, and there was no increase in motor dysfunction. The ASIA sensory score was 219.34±1.62 and the ASIA motor score was 98.61±1.25 at 1 month after the surgery, and both of them were significantly higher than those before surgery (P<0.001). The follow-up period was 6-52 months, with an average of 28 months. No tumor recurrence or spinal deformity was observed. Conclusion: Single stage micro-resection of spinal dumbbell tumors could be achieved by modern microsurgical technology and individualized surgical approach according to tumor characteristics. Based on accurate evaluation of the stability of the spine before and during the operation, reasonable selection of spinal internal fixation are crucial for preventing postoperative spinal deformity and improve patients' quality of postoperative life.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2044-2053, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826425

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The classification criteria and staging groups for nasopharyngeal carcinoma described in the Union for International Cancer Control/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) staging system have been revised over time. This study assessed the proportion of patients whose staging and treatment strategy have changed due to revisions of the UICC/AJCC staging system over the past 10 years (ie, from the sixth edition to the eighth edition), to provide information for further refinement.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed 1901 patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in our cancer center between November 2009 and June 2012. The Akaike information criterion and Harrell concordance index were applied to evaluate the performance of the staging system.@*RESULTS@#In total, 25 (1.3%) of the 1901 patients who were staged as T2a according to the sixth edition system were downgraded to T1 in the eighth edition; 430 (22.6%) staged as N0 in the sixth edition were upgraded to N1 in the eighth edition; 106 (5.6%) staged as N1/2 in the sixth edition were upgraded to N3 in the eighth edition. In addition, 51 (2.7%) and 25 (1.3%) of the study population were upstaged from stage I to stage II and stage II to stage IVa, respectively; 10 (0.5%) was downgraded from stage II to stage I. The survival curves of adjacent N categories and staging groups defined by eighth classification system were well-separated. However, there was no significant difference in the locoregional failure-free survival (P = 0.730) and disease-free survival (P = 0.690) rates between the T2 and T3 categories in the eighth edition classification system.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Modifications to the tumor-node-metastasis staging system over the past 10 years have resulted in N classification changes in numerous cases. Although the eighth edition tumor-node-metastasis staging system better predicts survival outcomes, the T classification could be simplified in future revisions.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1799-1805, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the related factors affecting the nosopoiesis of childhood acute leukemia from the perspective of indoor environmental exposure, behavior and lifestyle.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 64 children with acute leukemia were retrospectively analyzed, and 50 healthy children were selected as the control group during the same period. The basic data of children, indoor environment, behavior and lifestyle of parents in 2 groups were recorded. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the related factors affecting the incidence of childhood acute leukemia, and the OR (95%CI) value was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The unvariate analysis showed that the daily wine-drinking rate of father and pesticide use rate in acute leukemia group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that indoor ventilation during summer sleep of children (OR=0.35, 95%CI: 0.14-0.88) and contact with other children before 3 years old (OR=0.34, 95%CI: 0.18-0.65) were protective factors for provention of childhood acute leukemia (P<0.05). Mothers had a history of exposure to chemical substances (OR=3.68, 95%CI: 1.64-8.27), and children had a history of exposure to chemical substances (OR=3.84, 95%CI: 1.64-9.01), family had internal decoration history after child birth (OR = 1.38, 95%CI: 1.05-1.81) and family uses of pesticides (OR=2.17, 95%CI: 1.08-4.36), all these factors were independent risk factors for acute leukemia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Indoor environmental exposure, behavior and lifestyle of children and parents may be closely related with the nosopoiesis of childhood acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Environmental Exposure , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777536

ABSTRACT

The dynamic accumulation rule of active substances in medicinal plants is of great value not only for medicinal material production and application,but also for the genetic mechanism study on the formation of medicinal ingredients,especially vital to guide medicinal material collection as well as experiment material selection and candidate gene screening in the analysis of biosynthesis pathway. This study investigated the accumulation of curcumins and terpenoids,and the biosynthesis of these metabolites,which are the active metabolites in Curcuma longa,a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine. Rhizoma of C. longa from leaf growing period,rhizome swelling period and dry matter accumulating period were used as experimental materials,to analyze the changes of metabolites and biosynthesis in the three periods by comparative transcriptome and metabolomes analysis.The results indicated that terpenoids accumulation and biosynthesis mainly occurred in leaf growing period,while curcumin accumulation and biosynthesis mainly occurred in dry matter accumulating period. Therefore,we suggested that turmeric rhizomes in leaf growth period were suitable for terpenoids biosynthetic pathway characterization,and rhizome in accumulation of dry matter period was suitable for curcuminoid biosynthesis pathway characterization. This study provides references for medicinal materialproduction and application,as well as biopathway analysis of active compounds for C. longa.


Subject(s)
Curcuma , Chemistry , Curcumin , Phytochemicals , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Terpenes
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the development and characterizations of the hepatocytes isolated from fetal ovine and to determine the effect of hypoxia on their growth and metabolism.@*METHODS@#Fresh hepatocytes were isolated from the liver of fetal ovine at late gestation, cultured in specific media, and exposed to normoxia (21% O2) or hypoxia (2% O2). The cellular characteristics and population purity were identified by immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry (FCM). The effects of hypoxia on cell cycle and apoptosis of the hepatocytes were evaluated by FCM, whereas the cellular ultrastructure changes were examined with a transmission electron microscope.@*RESULTS@#The cell purity of hepatocytes was over 95%. Under hypoxia exposure, the hepatocytes showed a gradual increase in proportion at the S phase and in proliferative index, followed with a compatible increase in apoptosis and progressively decreased cell viability. Additionally, the organelles of the hepatocytes demonstrated dramatic changes, including swelling of mitochondria, disorder in cristae arrangement, expansion of endoplasmic reticulum, and a large number of circular lipid droplets emerging in the cytoplasm.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetal ovine hepatocytes could be primarily cultured in a short-term culture system with a high purity of over 95% and with their preserved original characteristics. Hypoxia could induce changes in ultrastructural and inhibit the proliferation of cultured fetal ovine hepatocytes through apoptotic mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Fetus , Physiology , Hepatocytes , Physiology , Oxygen , Sheep , Physiology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802442

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explain the "multi-components, multi-targets, multi-pathways" mechanism of Erzhiwan in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH) based the network pharmacology. Method: Ingenuity pathway analysis(IPA) was used to construct components-targets-diseases network and PPI network, then the classified enrichment analysis of gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analysis (KEGG) were carried out on the main function of its gene sets, so as to discuss the mechanism of Erzhiwan in the treatment of BPH. Result: Erzhiwan has 19 components in IPA; and apigenin,luteolin,oleanolic acid and quercitrin were common components of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and Echiptae Herba and the main component of Erzhiwan. Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3 (CHRM3), muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2 (CHRM2), urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (PLAUR), kinin releasing enzyme 3 (KLK3), cadherin 1 (CDH1), chemokines 3 (CCL3) and metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) were important targets for Erzhiwan to treat BPH. The target proteins in PPI network were enriched with 20 GO functions and 5 main KEGG pathways, and Docking was verified for relevant targets. Conclusion: Erzhiwan may play a role in treating BPH by activating MMP-1 and inhibiting KLK3 and CCL3 protein expressions, inducing apoptosis, inhibiting cell proliferation and intervening relevant pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase(MAPK/ERK) and nuclear factor(NF)-κB(NF-κB).

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1568-1570, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789899

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical and MR features of intracranial nonspecific inflammatory granuloma and improve the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis.Methods The clinical and MR features of 9 intracranial nonspecific inflammatory granuloma cases proved by histopathology were analyzed retrospectively.Results Nine lesions were all located in the supratentorial cerebral hemisphere with large lesion range and obvious peripheral edema.On enhancement MR imaging,the lesions were obviously and irregularly enhanced.There were simple patchy enhancement in 3 cases,patchy enhancement with multiple micronodular enhancement in 4 cases,and multiple micronodular enhancement in 2 cases.None enhancement areas were noticed in all enhancement lesions.There were superficial meningeal enhancements in 4 cases.On MR plain scanning,the MR enhancement area of lesions showed similar signal to the grey matter on T1 WI and low signal similarly to the white matter on T2 WI.On MRS scan,the significant high signal of Cho was detected in 2 cases and their Cho/Cr ratio was over 4.The Cho/Cr ratio was lower than 1.3 in 5 cases.Conclusion There are some specific MR enhancement features in the intracranial nonspecific inflammatory granuloma including multiple small nodules or patchy enhancement,in which there were no enhancement areas,and some cases have meningeal enhancement.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713900

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Conditional survival (CS) provides important information on survival for a period of time after diagnosis. Currently, information on CS patterns of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is lacking. We aimed to analyze survival rate over time and estimate CS for NPC patients using a national population-based registry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with NPC between 1973 and 2007 with at least 5-year follow-up were identified from the Surveillance Epidemiology End Results registry. Traditional survival rates and crude CS estimateswere calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Risk-adjusted survival curves were plotted from the proportional hazards model using the correct group prognosis method. RESULTS: For 7,713 patients analyzed, adjusted baseline 5-year overall survival improved significantly from 36.0% in patients diagnosed in 1973-1979, 41.7% in 1980-1989, 46.6% in 1990-1999, to 54.7% in 2000-2007 (p < 0.01). CS analysis demonstrated that for every additional year survived, adjusted probability of surviving the next 5 years increased from 66.7% (localized), 54.0% (regional), and 35.3% (distant) at the time of diagnosis, to 83.7% (localized), 75.0% (regional), and 62.2% (distant) for patients who had survived 5 years. Adjusted 5-year CS differed among age, sex, tumor histology, ethnicity, and stage subgroups initially, but converged with time. CONCLUSION: Treatment outcomes of NPC patients have greatly improved over the decades. Increases in CS become more prominent in patients with distant disease than in those with localized or regional disease as patients survive longer. CS provides more dynamic prognostic information for patients who have survived a period of time after diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , SEER Program , Survival Rate
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1215-1224, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779991

ABSTRACT

The commonly used traditional Chinese medicines Curcumae Rhizome (Ezhu) and Curcumae Radix (Yujin), are representatives of multi-plant sources. The relationship among the original source plant species is intricate. In this study, by using multivariate data analysis, volatile metabolites in rhizomes and radixes of source plants of Curcumae Longae rhizome (Jianghuang), Yujin and Ezhu in traditional Chinese medicine were compared and analyzed. The source plants included Curcuma longa, Curcuma kwangsuensis, Curcuma wenyujing and Curcuma phaeocaulis. The results indicated that:① volatile metabolites were similar in quality but variation in quantity for rhizomes and radixes origin from the same plant species; ② volatile metabolites of C. longa rhizomes showed bigger difference compared with others; ③ although common volatile metabolites were observed in rhizome of C. kwangsuensis, C. wenyujing and C. phaeocaulis, the difference among them were significant; and ④ significant differences were observed for the four kinds of radixes. Results in this study revealed the differences of the four source plants species, and similar metabolites in source plants of Curcumae Rhizome (Ezhu) and Curcumae Radix (Yujin) from the level of volatile metabolites. These results provided a reference for the clinical use of the three kinds of traditional Chinese medicine.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2063-2070, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773925

ABSTRACT

Background@#Accumulating documents have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in tumorigenesis. As an lncRNA, nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) has been identified to be involved in the progression of many types of cancers. However, the biological function of NEAT1 in cervical cancer is not fully investigated. The aim of this study was to disclose the specific biological function of lncRNA NEAT1 in cervical cancer progression.@*Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was utilized to identify the expression of lncRNA NEAT1 in the cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. All cervical cancer samples used in this study were collected from the Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between September 2012 and September 2017. The correlation between NEAT1 expression and the overall survival rate of cervical cancer patients was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The effects of NEAT1 knockdown or overexpression on cell proliferation were tested by performing MTT assays and colony formation assays. Transwell assays were conducted to detect the migratory ability of cervical cancer cells, in which NEAT1 was silenced or overexpressed. Western blotting was utilized to validate whether NEAT1 promotes cervical cancer progression through activating PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.@*Results@#High expression of NEAT1 predicted poor prognosis of cervical cancer patients (χ = 0.735, P = 0.005). Knockdown of NEAT1 decreased the number of colonies in CaSki cell from 136.667 ± 13.503 to 71.667 ± 7.506 (t = -18.76, P = 0.003) and decreased the number of colonies in HeLa cell from 128.667 ± 13.317 to 65.667 ± 7.024 (t = -5.54, P = 0.031). However, overexpression of NEAT1 increased the number of colonies in SiHa cell from 84.667 ± 12.014 to 150.667 ± 18.037 (t = 7.27, P = 0.018). Knockdown of NEAT1 decreased the migratory number of CaSki cell from 100.333 ± 9.866 to 58.333 ± 5.859 (t = -8.08, P = 0.015) and reduced the migratory number in HeLa cell from 123.667 ± 12.097 to 67.667 ± 7.095 (t = -6.03, P = 0.026). Overexpression of NEAT1 increased the migratory number of SiHa cell from 127.333 ± 16.042 to 231.333 ± 31.786 (t = 4.92, P = 0.039).@*Conclusion@#NEAT1 may exert oncogenic function in cervical cancer and serve as a novel therapeutic target for cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Middle Aged , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Physiology , RNA, Long Noncoding , Physiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 693-698, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe serum osteoprotegerin (OPG),receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL) levels and the therapeutic effect of Rong Huang granules of patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease mineral and bone metabolism disorder (CKD-MBD) and kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome.Methods:70 cases of non-dialysis CKD-MBD with kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome,were randomly divided into treatment group and control group,the actual completion of 61 cases,30 cases in treatment group,31 cases in the control group;and a healthy normal group of 20 cases of patients was established.Two groups of patients were given symptomatic treatment,in addition,Rong Huang granules was plused in treating at treatment group and it was used three times a day,each time blunt one bag.The course of treatment was 8 weeks.The changes of kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome,blood urea nitrogen (BUN),serum creatinine (Scr),estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),serum of calcium (Ca),phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP),parathyroid hormone (iPTH),OPG and RANKL levels were observed in two groups of patients.Results:The total effective rate in treatment group was significantly better than the control group(P<0.01).The integral value of syndrome decreased more significantly with the course of treatment increased of two groups of patients(P<0.01).Compared with the same period of therapy,the descender in the treatment group was significantly better than that in the control group(P<0.01).The levels of BUN, Scr,eGFR,Ca,P,iPTH and ALP were improved in the treatment group after treatment(P<0.05 or P<0.01),BUN and iPTH were improved in the control group(P<0.05 or P<0.01),other indexes were not improved(P>0.05).After treatment,BUN,Scr,eGFR,Ca, P,iPTH,ALP of treatment group were significantly better than the control group(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Compared with the normal group,the levels of OPG and RANKL were significantly higher in CKD-MBD patients (P<0.01).After treatment,serum OPG level, serum RANKL level and OPG/RANKL ratio were significantly improved than before treatment in treatment group(P<0.05 or P<0.01),and in the control group,only the OPG/RANKL ratio increased(P<0.01).After treatment,OPG,RANKL and OPG/RANKL ratio in the treatment group were obviously improved compared with them in the control group(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Conclusion:The levels of OPG and RANKL in non-dialysis CKD-MBD patients with kidney deficiency damp heat syndrome were higher than those in healthy people,and the ratio of OPG/RANKL was lower than that in healthy people.Rong Huang granules can ameliorate clinical symptoms,prevent calcium and phosphorus metabolism,improve renal function,the mechanism may be related to the ameliorate of serum OPG and the decrease of serum RANKL level and the raise of ratio of OPG/RANKL.

20.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 354-361,366, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct anti-B7-H4-scFv-PE38KDEL,a recombinant toxin based on anti-B7-H4 single chain antibody (scFv),to detect anti-tumor effect of toxin protein.Methods:The anti-B7-H4-scFv gene was ligated with the toxin PE38KDEL gene by overlapping extension PCR(SOE-PCR).The recombinant gene was cloned into prokaryotic expression vector pET28a(+),and the protein was renatured and purified by chromatography (Ni-NTA),and was identified by Western blot.Indirect ELISA and flow analysis technology were used for specific identification.The inhibitory effects of toxins on tumor cells were detected by MTT assay and subcutaneous xenograft model in vitro and in vivo.HE staining and immunohistochemical analysis were performed on tumor tissues.Results:The recombinant expression vector pET28a-anti-B7-H4-scFv-PE38KDEL was obtained by restriction endonuclease di-gestion.The purified toxin protein was inoculated on the tumor cells.The tumor growth was inhibited in the tumor model.Conclusion:The recombinant toxin expression system based on anti-B7-H4 single chain antibody was successfully constructed.The recombinant toxin protein had good biological activity and anti-tumor activity.

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