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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878435

ABSTRACT

Secretory carcinoma, a low-grade malignant tumor, occurs mainly in parotid, submandibular gland, and small salivary glands in the mouth. It has not yet been reported in the mandible. Now we report a case occurred in the right mandibular angle of secretory carcinoma, accompanying with its diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Humans , Mandible , Parotid Gland , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Salivary Glands
2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 454-458, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discusses effectiveness of CTA in the classification of first plantar metatarsal artery and its application value in thumb reconstruction.Methods:Thirty-six cases who underwent thumb reconstruction with free second toe or hallucis flap between December, 2015 and December, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these cases, 22 cases were injured by machine stranding, 7 cases by heavy objects, and 7 cases were injured by rolling. Exact first plantar metatarsal arteries of all these cases were evaluated by using CTA preoperatively. And compared with intraoperative findings at the donor sites. Free first or second toe flap for thumb reconstruction were designed preoperatively based on branching pattern of first plantar metatarsal arteries.Results:The origin, course, 3-dimensional (3D) anatomical relationship with surrounding tissues and branching pattern of all these feet first plantar metatarsal arteries of 35 cases (70 feet)were well displayed in CTA images, and 1 case (2 feet) were showed poor vascular continuity and artifacts in CTA (2.78%). According to the branching pattern of first plantar metatarsal arteries, 29 cases (58 feet, 80.56%) were ramifying type, 5 cases (10 feet, 13.88%) were main trunk type, and 1 case (2 feet, 2.78%) were tiny branch type. Preoperative CTA images and intraoperative findings at the donor site of 35 cases were remarkably consistent. According to CTA images, 27 cases underwent thumb reconstruction with hallucis flap, 8 cases underwent thumb reconstruction with second toe, and 1 case of poor vascular continuity and artifacts in CTA underwent thumb reconstruction with hallucis flap eventually. All these cases were followed-up for 6-24 (average 12) months, and all reconstructed thumbs survived. The clinical outcomes of all these reconstructed thumbs were good with satisfactory appearance, sensory recovery, excellent motion. The donor feet of all cases recovered well.Conclusion:High-quality 3D images of first plantar metatarsal arteries could be obtained by CTA, allowing preoperative assessment of blood supply and planning of donor site. Therefore, success rate of reconstructed operation could be improved with low disability rate of donor site.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of psychological and behavioral intervention combined with biofeedback in the treatment of preschool children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).@*METHODS@#Sixty children each with inattentive, hyperactive/impulsive or combined type ADHD were enrolled. According to the intervention measure, they were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, psychological and behavioral intervention, biofeedback treatment and comprehensive treatment (psychological and behavioral intervention + biofeedback). Attention concentration time and impulse/hyperactivity and hyperactivity index scores of the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ) were evaluated after 4 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The attention concentration time increased in all types children with ADHD after psychological and behavioral intervention, biofeedback treatment or comprehensive treatment (P<0.05). In children with inattentive ADHD, hyperactive/impulsive ADHD or combined-type ADHD, biofeedback or comprehensive treatment reduced the impulse/hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). In children with inattentive or combined-type ADHD, psychological and behavioral intervention or comprehensive treatment reduced the hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). In children with hyperactive/impulsive ADHD, biofeedback treatment, psychological and behavioral intervention or comprehensive treatment reduced the hyperactivity index score (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with ADHD, psychological and behavioral intervention combined with biofeedback treatment can improve the attention concentration and impulsive/hyperactive and hyperactive symptoms. The treatment strategies are slightly different for children with different types of ADHD.


Subject(s)
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Biofeedback, Psychology , Child, Preschool , Humans , Parents , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of integrated sandplay therapy in preschool children with Asperger syndrome (AS).@*METHODS@#A total of 44 preschool children with AS were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, with 22 children in each group. The children in the control group were given routine training, and those in the experimental group were given integrated sandplay therapy in addition to the routine training. The treatment response was assess by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), emotional recognition tools and changes in sandplay theme characteristics after 6 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the total score of SRS, the score of each factor of SRS, and correct rates of facial expression recognition of the upright position, inverted position, upper face and lower face (P>0.05). After 6 months of intervention, both groups had significant reductions in the total score of SRS and the score of each factor of SRS (P<0.01); the control group had significant increases in the correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions except the upright position (P<0.05), while the experimental group had significant increases in the correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions (P<0.05). Compared with the control group after intervention, the experimental group had significantly lower total score of SRS and scores of all factors of SRS except social perception (P<0.01) and significantly higher correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions (P<0.01). The experimental group had a significant change in the number of sandplay theme characteristics after intervention (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Integrated sandplay therapy can improve social responsiveness and emotion recognition ability in preschool children with AS.


Subject(s)
Asperger Syndrome , Child, Preschool , Emotions , Facial Expression , Humans , Play Therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical efficacy of interactive group sandplay versus individual sandplay in the treatment of preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 80 ASD children, aged 4-6 years, were enrolled and randomly divided into experimental and control groups, with 40 children in each group. The children in the experimental group joined group sandplay with normal children at a ratio of 1: 3, and those in the control group were treated with individual sandplay. The Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) and Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) were used to evaluate the treatment outcome after three months of intervention.@*RESULTS@#There were 33 children in the experimental group and 28 in the control group. After three months of intervention, the experimental group had significant reductions in the scores of irritability, social withdrawal, and stereotypic behavior and the total score of the ABC scale (P<0.05), and the control group had significant reductions in the scores of behavior and inappropriate speech and the total score of the ABC scale (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly greater improvements in the score of social withdrawal and the total score of the ABC scale after three months of intervention (P<0.05). After three months of intervention, the experimental group had significant reductions in the scores of sociability, sensory and cognitive awareness, and physical/health behavior and the total score of the ATEC scale (P<0.05), and the control group had significant reductions in the scores of speech, sociability, and physical/health behavior and the total score of the ATEC scale (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly greater improvements in the scores of speech, sociability, and sensory and cognitive awareness and the total score of the ATEC scale after intervention (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the experimental group also had significantly greater improvements in eye contact and sand stereotyped arrangement (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both interactive group sandplay and individual sandplay are effective in the treatment of ASD in preschool children. Interactive group sandplay is better than individual sandplay in the treatment of ASD, with significant improvements in sociability, emotion and stereotypic behavior.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Emotions , Humans , Play Therapy , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1305-1310, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristic changes of the plasma cytokine profile in Chinese patients with idiopathic multicentric Castleman diseases (iMCD).@*METHODS@#The plasma samples from 22 patients with confirmed diagnosis of iMCD were collected before treatments; Specimens from 17 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, 10 non Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 15 healthy donors were used as control. Seventeen kinds of cytokines were measured by cytokine beads array (CBA) and ELISA respectively.@*RESULTS@#Six cytokines were measured by ELISA. The concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, IL-21 and VEGF were significantly higher in the plasma of iMCD patients than those of the healthy donors (P<0.01) and the level of IL-21 was highest in the iMCD group. There was no significant difference in the levels of IL-1β and IL-4 between the iMCD and healthy donor groups. Thirteen cytokines were measured by CBA assay, besides IL-6 level was confirmed to be higher in iMCD group than that in healthy controls (P<0.01), IL-12-p70 and IL-33 levels were also higher in iMCD group than those in control group (P<0.05), no significant difference of the rest cytokines was found between iMCD and the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#IL-6 and VEGF has shown to involved in the pathogenesis of iMCD, the results of preliminary study imply the role of IL-2 、IL-21、IL-12-p70 and IL-33 in this rare lymphoproliferative disease. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of these cytokines, which may shed some light on the identification of novel therapeutic targets against iMCD.


Subject(s)
Castleman Disease , Cytokines , Humans , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-1beta , Plasma
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771882

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical manifestations pathologic features, treatment options and prognosis of patients with bone lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, pathologic features, treatment and prognosis of 34 BL patients diagnosed by histopathologic method or/and PET-CT and treated in first hospital of peking university from January 2004 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 34 BL patients was 56 years old, the male and female ratio was 1.43∶1 (24 /10). Among 34 patients, the patients with primary bone lymphoma(PBL) were 8 cases, the patients with secondary bone lymphoma(SBL) was 26 cases, the PBL and SBL ratio was 0.31∶1. Bone lymphoma lacks typical systemic symptoms, and its onset began mostly from bone pain and pathologic bone fracture. The most frequent pathological type of bone lymphoma in our study was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), accounting for 55.88%. At present, the conventional treatment for bone lymphoma includes chemotherapy, or chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery, as well as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The average and median OS time of BL patients were 349 years and 3 years respectively, meanwhile the OS rate for three years and two years were 56.25% and 78.16%, respectively. Factors that affect survival of BL patients were PBL and SBL classification, pathological type, blood LDH level, and treatment methods.@*CONCLUSION@#Bone lymphoma is usually concealed onset,an adequate and adequate combination therapy can improve the survival rate and transplantation therapy plays an important role. Primary bone lymphoma is rare, the prognosis of patients with primary bone lymphoma is good, whereas the prognosis of patients with secondary bone lymphoma is poor.


Subject(s)
Bone Neoplasms , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Middle Aged , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 291-295, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816838

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of precision medicine and big data application, artificial intelligence (AI) has become a frontier technology in medical research. AI can be applied to the clinical diagnosis and treatment of reproductive diseases, prediction of pregnancy outcomes for infertile patients via the multi-layer neural network, and identification of the embryos with more developing potential from a series of embryo images by extraction of their texture features. AI can also provide medical workers with more accurate diagnosis and individualized treatment of reproductive diseases and help the patients better predict their reproductivity. This article presents an overview of the status quo, existing problems and future development of the application of AI in reproductive medicine.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 339-343, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756333

ABSTRACT

To explore the value of CTA combined augmented reality(AR) navigation in tongue re-construction with free anterolateral thigh perforator (ALTP) flaps. Methods From December, 2016 to December, 2018, 9 cases of tongue cancer patients were treated with lingual reconstruction with the free ALTP flap. The domi-nant perforator was selected according to CTA before operation. The origin, course, locations at the level passing through the fascia lata of the perforators and digital flaps were located and marked under the guidance of AR naviga-tion technology. The flaps area were 6 cm×8 cm-8 cm×12 cm, and the donor sites were closed directly. The effect of the AR navigation was explored intraoperatively.The function of reconstructed tongue and donor site were followed-up 3 to 6 months postoperatively. Results All navigation-positioned perforators were confirmed by AR preoperatively. Intraoperative exploration showed that the perforators were accurately located. All flaps survived, and no vascular cri-sis occurred. The donor sites healed primarily with linear scars. The tongue was plump, and the function of voice and swallowing were favorable. Conclusion CTA combined AR navigation has the advantages of accurate location, easy to use and low cost in tongue reconstruction with free ALTP flaps.It is a worthy method to be popularized.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756175

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the short-term and long-term curative effects of proprioception training for pre-term infants with functional dysphagia. Methods Seventy premature infants with functional dysphagia were ran-domly divided into a control group and an observation group, each of 35. Thirty infants of the control group and 32 from the observation group completed the whole study. Both groups were given routine medication and interventions such as touching and passive exercise training. The observation group additionally received a comprehensive interven-tion based on proprioception training. The intervention lasted from the initial stabilization of their condition to the age of 3 months. They were trained twice a day, about 20 minutes each time. The clinical manifestations and complica-tions of dysphagia were evaluated on the 28th day after their birth. At the age of 3 months, the average body mass and development quotient (DQ) were compared between the two groups. Results At the age of twenty-eight days there were significant differences between the two groups in the average number of cases of oral milk residue and coughing or oral-nasal reflux after feeding, as well as in the total number of infants with complications. However, no significant differences were found in the incidence of aspiration pneumonia or dyspnea after feeding. The average body mass and developmental quotient of the observation group were significantly better than those of the control group at the age of 3 months. Conclusion The comprehensive intervention based on proprioception training has a good clinical effect on functional dysphagia among premature infants. It can improve their life quality in both the near and longer term, and it is worth popularizing.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752212

ABSTRACT

Objective To rkskarch,dkvklop and vkrife of a simplk scrkkning path for 4-6 ekar old childrkn's sknsore intkgration. Methods Nink hundrkd and thirte-six childrkn agkd 4-6 ekars wkrk invkstigatkd be stratifikd clustkr random sampling from Octobkr to Novkmbkr of 2017,of whom 476 wkrk boes and 460 wkrk girls. L sknsore intk-gration rating scalk(Childrkn's Edition)was uskd to asskss thk sknsore intkgration abilite,and thk main kntre construc-tion profilk scrkkning scalk was kxtractkd according to thk factor analesis,and thk critical valuk was dktkrminkd in com-bination with thk arka undkr thk subjkct opkrating charactkristic curvk( AOC),thk rkliabilite,validite,sknsitivite and spkcificite wkrk kvaluatkd. ResuIts Thk sknsore intkgration disordkr ratk of 4-6 ekar old childrkn was 47. 76﹪,and thk 14 main factors wkrk kxtractkd be factor analesis,and thk cumulativk contribution ratk was 75. 052﹪. Lftkr thk max-imal orthogonal rotation of varianck,thk itkms with factor load matrix cokfficiknt ≥0. 75 wkrk sklkctkd to construct thk simplk sknsore intkgration scrkkning scalk,which wkrk simplifikd to 2 classification options from 13 itkms in thk original tablk. Thk sknsitivite of thk simplk scrkkning scalk was 82. 77﹪,and thk spkcificite was 80. 16﹪,and thk arka undkr thk AOC curvk was 0. 815. Thk corrklation cokfficiknts of vkstibular balanck,propriockption,tactilk sknsation,visual smoothnkss and auditore rkcognition with thk summare tablk wkrk 0. 793,0. 372,0. 699,0. 604,0. 482,rkspkctivkle( all P﹦0. 000). Thk Kappa of thk summare tablks and gknkrad tablk was 0. 628(P﹦0. 000). Thk Cronbach's Llpha of thk summare tablk was 0. 767. ConcIusions Thk simplk scrkkning scalk simplifiks thk sknsore intkgration rating scalk into skvkral main itkms,which is simplk to opkratk and can bk uskd as a primare scrkkning mkthod for sknsore intkgration disordkr.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence of simple obesity and its risk factors in preschool children in Fuzhou, China.@*METHODS@#The physical examination data of 14 kindergartens in Fuzhou, China were collected by stratified cluster random sampling. The detection rate of simple obesity was calculated. The children with normal body weight were selected as the control group by 1:1 case-control method. The risk factors for childhood simple obesity were investigated by self-made questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 5 767 children aged 3-6 years were enrolled in this study. A total of 289 (5.01%) children with simple obesity were screened out, including 153 with mild obesity and 136 with moderate to severe obesity. The prevalence rate of simple obesity gradually increased with the age of children. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors were independent risk factors for simple obesity: preference for fried food (OR=4.789, P<0.05), caregivers' over-concern about diet (OR=4.620, P<0.05), eating before sleep (OR=4.006, P<0.05), eating fast (OR=3.221, P<0.05), preference for sweets (OR=2.282, P<0.05), high birth weight (OR=2.202, P<0.05), overweight or obesity in father (OR=2.074, P<0.05), overweight or obesity in mother (OR=2.047, P<0.05), more than 1.2 times the food intake at the same age (OR=2.013, P<0.05), watching TV (OR=1.665, P<0.05), and lack of exercise (OR=1.463, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence rate of simple obesity is 5.01% in preschool children in Fuzhou, China. The development of simple obesity is multifactorial. It is suggested that doctors, parents, and teachers should strengthen health education for preschool children, help them develop good living and eating habits, and encourage them to take more exercise, in order to reduce the development of simple obesity.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Humans , Obesity , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812364

ABSTRACT

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773575

ABSTRACT

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689579

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the incidence of bone marrow involvement in patients with different pathological types of lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The results of bone marrow tests including bone marrow aspiration(BMA), flow cytometry detection, bone marrow biopsy(BMB) and F-FDG PET/CT, were analyzed retrospectively in 702 cases of newly diagnosed lymphoma with bone marrow assessment in our hospital from October 2000 to September 2016. If one of the above-mentioned 4 tests showed positive, the lymphoma patient was judged as bone marrow involved.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of bone marrow involvement (BMI ) in the patients with NHL was much higher than that in patients with HL [32.6 %(201/616) vs 15%(13/86)](P<0.05). For patients with NHL, the incidence of bone marrow involvement in B-cell lymphoma was higher than that in T-cell lymphoma (37.0% vs 22.6%)(P<0.05). According to different pathological types, the incidences of BMI in the patient with mantle cell lymphoma, hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follical lymphoma (FL) were 88% (25/22), 100% (5/5), 21.8% (56/257), and 38.5% (15/39) , respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The incidence of bone marrow involvement varies in different pathological types of lymphoma.Bone marrow assessment has significant importance for stading of newly diagnosed lymphoma patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Incidence , Lymphoma , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 334-338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711668

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of 3D printing technology to assist in the repair of severe damage to the radial side hand.Methods From March,2014 to September,2016,there were 9 cases suffered from varying degrees of metacarpal and phalangeal bones injuries with soft tissue destruction at the radial side of the hand.The donor and recipient areas were scanned by 64 row spiral CT before operation.Three dimensional images were obtained by CTA 3D reconstruction technology.Preoperative plan was designed by using Mirror image technology and Virtual surgery aided design technique of Mimics software virtual surgery aided design system.Nine cases were treated with first toe toenail flap with dorsal foot flap combined with second phalangeal bone transplantation to reconstruct thumb and anterolateral thigh perforator flap to repair the wound.The cutting area of the dorsalis pedis flap and anterolateral thigh perforator flaps ranged from 4.0 cm × 5.5 cm to 6.5 cm × 9.5 cm and from 9.5 cm ×17.0 cm to 12.0 cm × 25.5 cm,respectively.Postoperative followed-up was performed to evaluate the effect of the operation.Results All 9 thumbs and flaps survived after the operation.Postoperative followed-up time ranged from 8 to 16 months.The appearance of reconstructed thumb was close to normal,and the two-point discrimination was from 8.0 to 11.0 mm.According to the evaluation criteria of upper limb function of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,7 cases were excellent and 2 cases were good.The survival flaps had soft texture,good blood circulation and satisfactory appearance at the repaired site.Conclusion 3D printing technology assists thumb reconstruction and wound repair for severe damage to the radial side of the hand with good clinical results.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711278

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of sequential and comprehensive preventative measures on the development of premature infants' intelligence.Methods A cohort of 120 premature infants was randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,each of 60.Both groups were given routine premature infant care,but the observation group was additionally provided with sequential and comprehensive preventive intervention.It included neonatal screening,inpatient-outpatient link-up,and their parents' watching CDs explaining early childhood education and health education.All of the infants were followed up from birth to 3 years old.Their adaptive capacity,fine motor skills,language acquisition,gross motor skills and social communication were evaluated at 12,24 and 36 months old using a child intelligence developmental scale for neurological development.Development intelligence quotients (DQs) were calculated and compared.Results After 12 months,significant inter-group differences were observed in adaptability and fine motor control.At 24 and 36 months old there were also significant differences in language skills.At one,two and 3 years old the average DQ of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group.Significant within-group differences in average DQ were observed in both groups between 1 and 2 years old,but not between 2 and 3.Conclusion Intervention within two years after birth is critical for premature infants.Timely,sequential,integrated,preventive intervention can promote the development of intelligence and better life quality for premature infants.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311527

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the safety and efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in treating patients with relapsed and refractory lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-one consecutive patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma received allo-HSCT. Used conditioning regimens included conditioning based on BEAM regimen(12 cases), conditioning based on modified Bu/Cy regimen(11 cases), conditioning based on Cy/TBI regemen(6 cases) and conditioning of Bu/Cy regimen(1 case). For provention of GVHD, the MMF was used on the basis of classcal protocol consisting of CsA combined with MTX. The infused HSC included the HLA-matched related HSC(11 cases), HLA nonidentical related HSC(13 cases) and HLA-matched unrelated HSC(6 cases). The bone marrow plus peripheral blood HSC were infused in 21 cases, while only peripheral blood HSC were infused in 9 cases. Among the 31 cases of relapse/refractory lymphoma, 18 patients were male and 13 were female, 4 cases were Hodgkin's lymphoma and 27 cases were non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. ALL of the 31 patients were qualified, as they were not in complete remission (CR) or in advanced stage at the time of transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-seven evaluable patients showed the engraftment of both neutrophil and platelet at a median of 12 days(range 10-20) and 13 days(range 9-34) respectively, 9 cases developed II-IV aGVHD, and cGVHD was observed in 3 patients, 5 patients can not achieve CR at 3 months after transplantation, and 6 patients relapsed after CR, the median follow-up of all the 31 patients after transplantation was 11.5 months (ranged, 0-141 months), and the 2-year OS was 46.1%±9.5% with median survival of 40 (9-141) months in the 15 survivors. The age (P<0.05), disease status before transplantation (P=0.020) and remission after transplantation(P=0.000) were significantly related with survival. Cox's proportional hazards regression model analysis showed that the age (P=0.041) and disease statue (P=0.020) before allo-HSCT were independent predictive factors for survival.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Allo-HSCT is an optimal treatment strategy for the patients with relapsed and refractory lymphoma who failed to most, if not all, available options.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311525

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the prognostic value of interimF-FDG PET/CT (i-PET/CT) scan for the patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 70 cases of initially diagnosed of DLBCL by 158F-FDG PET/CT scans in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The 5-point scale, the Lugano classification and maximum standardized uptake value induction (ΔSUVmax) criteria were used respectively to assess i-PET/CT scans. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to determine an optimal cutoff for ΔSUVmax. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) times were estimated as prognostic indicators using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Optimal cutoff to predict progression or death was 62% for ΔSUVmax. The positive predictive value (PPV) for 2-year PFS and OS of i-PET/CT diagnosed by 5-point scale was low, and could be improved by using the Lugano classification with decreased sensitivity or ΔSUVmax criteria. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the Lugano classification and ΔSUVmax were good predictors for PFS and OS, respectively, while the 5-point scale could only predict OS. Cox regression univariate analysis showed that the International Prognostic Index (IPI) score was better to predict PFS than 5-point scale, but worse than the three assessments in predicting OS. COX regression multivariate analysis showed that ΔSUVmax<62% was an independent risk factor of prognosis, while the Lugano classification was only the OS independent prognostic predictor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Assessing i-PET/CT by 5-point scale is a limited value for predicting PFS and OS in DLBCL patients. The Lugano classification is recommended to discriminate the patients with poorer outcomes. The ΔSUVmax criteria for i-PET/CT of DLBCL patients is an independent prognostic predictor for PFS and OS, better than the IPI score.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297249

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of home nurture environment on language development and social emotion in children with developmental language disorder (DLD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 1-3 Years Child Home Nurture Environment Scale, Gesell Developmental Scale, and Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment Scale were used for the evaluation of 125 children with DLD. A total of 130 children with normal language development matched for age and sex were enrolled as control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the DLD group had a significantly higher proportion of children in a bad home nurture environment and significantly lower scores of all domains of home nurture environment (P<0.05). In children with DLD, the home nurture environment score was positively correlated with the level of language development (r=0.536, P<0.01) and the score of ability domain in social emotion (r=0.397, P<0.01) and was negatively correlated with the scores of the domains of explicit behavior, covert behavior, and imbalance in social emotion (r=-0.455, -0.438, and -0.390 respectively, P<0.01). Home nurture environment had direct influence on language development in children with DLD and affected their language development via the mediating effect of social emotion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Home nurture environment influences language development and social emotion in children with DLD, and social emotion has a partial mediating effect between home nurture environment and language development.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Emotions , Environment , Female , Humans , Infant , Language Development , Language Development Disorders , Psychology , Male , Social Behavior
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