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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953931

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThrough the targeted lipidomics, we explored the intervention mechanism of Kaixuan Bushen method on psoriasis vulgaris (PV) from the perspective of lipid metabolism, providing reference for the diagnosis and treatment of PV. MethodTwenty-six patients with PV admitting the outpatient clinic of the Department of Dermatology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from September 2019 to November 2020 were selected as the research object (observation group), and 26 sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers in the same period were recruited as control group. Venous blood was collected for lipid index and targeted lipidomics detection in the control and observation groups at inclusion. After 12 weeks of continuous treatment of Kaixuan Bushen method, the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) was measured and compared before and after treatment to assess the clinical efficacy, while venous blood was collected again in the observation group to compare the blood lipid level and lipid metabolism of patients before and after treatment. Targeted lipidomics analysis was performed by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C8 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with mobile phase of 5 mmol∙L-1 ammonium formate in acetonitrile-water (6∶4, A)-5 mmol∙L-1 ammonium formate in acetonitrile-isopropanol (1∶9, B) for gradient elution and flow rate of 0.26 mL∙min-1. Conditions of MS were electrospray ionization (ESI), positive and negative ion modes, and scanning range of m/z 50-1 200. Then principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models were developed to screen differential metabolites, and the differential metabolites were identified and the pathways were enriched. ResultAfter 12 weeks of treatment with Kaixuan Bushen method, PASI score decreased by more than 50% in a total of 22 out of 26 patients with PV, suggesting the total effective rate was 84.62%. The serum triglyceride level of patients with PV was significantly higher than that of healthy individuals (P<0.05), and the triglyceride level was significantly reduced after treatment (P<0.05). Targeted lipidomics analysis screened a total of 43 potential biomarkers for PV, of which 42 were up-regulated and 1 was down-regulated, involving 7 signaling pathways such as linoleic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. Moreover, there were 14 response makers for clinical efficacy of Kaixuan Bushen method on PV, of which 6 were up-regulated and 8 were down-regulated, involving five signaling pathways such as linoleic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and sphingolipids metabolism. In a comparison between healthy individuals and patients with PV and PV before and after treatment, the common differential metabolites were screened as phosphatidylcholine (PC) 38∶0 and ceramide (Cer) 42∶1, and the common pathways were linoleic acid and glycerophospholipid metabolic pathways. ConclusionThe disorder of lipid metabolism in PV are largely due to abnormal sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid and linoleic acid metabolic pathways, of which Kaixuan Bushen method can regulate the glycerophospholipid and linoleic acid metabolism, thereby improving psoriatic lesions.

2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 753-759, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985468

ABSTRACT

To explore the application value of whole exome sequencing (WES) in the diagnosis of prenatal and postnatal neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). A total of 70 patients diagnosed with NDDs who underwent WES at the Medical Genetics Center of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province between June 2020 and July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and amniotic fluid. WES-based copy number variant (CNV) analysis was integrated into the routine WES data analysis pipeline. The results showed that a molecular diagnosis rate could be made in 21/70 (30%) cases. Of 21 positive cases, 14 (23%) cases were detected by single-nucleotide variant/small insertion/deletion (SNV/Indel) analysis, of which 12 variants were novel, 6 (9.8%) cases were detected by WES-based CNV analysis, and 1 (1.6%) case was detected by a combination of both. The diagnostic yield of WES combined with CNV analysis was higher than that of SNV/Indel analysis alone (30%, 21/70 vs. 20%, 14/70). Of the 28 prenatally diagnosed cases, 6 cases were found to have inherited parental variation for NDDs, 10 cases were found not to have the same pathogenic variation as the proband, and the remaining 12 cases were found to have no pathogenic or likely pathogenic variation that could explain the NDDs phenotype. Clinical follow-up showed that 5 families opted for abortion and the remaining had no current abnormalities. In conclusion, WES may be an effective method to clarify the genetic etiology and prenatal diagnosis of NDDs, which is helpful in assessing the prognosis to aid clinical management and reproductive guidance.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Exome Sequencing , Retrospective Studies , Prenatal Diagnosis , Amniotic Fluid , Phenotype
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984742

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the present situation, efficacy and safety of immunotherapy in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Methods: The data of 39 patients with MPM in two centers from 2016 to 2021 were collected and the efficacy and safety were evaluated. According to the application of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), these patients, whose median clinical follow-up amounting to 18.97 months, were divided into immunotherapy group (19 cases) and control group (20 cases). Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used for the survival analysis. Results: The objective response rate (ORR) and the disease control rate (DCR) in the immunotherapy group is 21.05% and 79.0% respectively, compared with 10.0% and 55.0% in the control group; and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The median overall survival (OS) in the immunotherapy group was significantly longer than that in the control group (14.53 months vs 7.07 months, P=0.015), but there was no significant difference in the median progression free survival (PFS) between two groups (4.80 months vs 2.03 months, P=0.062). Single factor survival analysis showed that the nature of pleural effusion, pathological subtype and the efficacy of immunotherapy were related to both PFS and OS of the patients with MPM (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in immunotherapy group was 89.5% (17 out of 19 cases), and the most common adverse event was hematological toxicity (9 cases), followed by nausea and vomiting (7 cases), fatigue (6 cases) and skin damage (6 cases). Five patients had immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) related adverse reactions with grade 1-2. Conclusions: Patients with MPM have begun to receive immunotherapy in more than 2-line mainly combined chemotherapy in the real world, and the median treatment line is 2-line. Either combined with chemotherapy or anti-angiogenesis therapy, ICI inhibitors have significant efficacy, controllable adverse events and good clinical value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Malignant/drug therapy , Mesothelioma/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy/adverse effects
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 407-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the percentage of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers independently validated clinically in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and Beijing, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Datong, and Shihezi were selected according to the geographical location and economic level. In each site, one tertiary hospital, two community health centers, and 20 families with electronic sphygmomanometers in use were chosen. The information of electronic sphygmomanometers including brand, model, manufacturer and production date were obtained by the trained staff. Ten electronic sphygmomanometers from each hospital, five electronic sphygmomanometers from each community health center, and one electronic sphygmomanometer from each family were surveyed, and the user's subjective judgment results and judgment basis on the accuracy of the electronic sphygmomanometer measurement were collected. We searched six registration websites (Medaval, Stride BP, dabl Educational Trust, British and Irish Hypertension Society, American Medical Association and Hypertension Canada) and two research databases (PubMed and CNKI) for the clinical validation status of each electronic sphygmomanometer. Results: A total of 200 electronic sphygmomanometers were investigated in this study, of which only 29.0% (58/200) passed independent clinical validation. When stratified by users, the percentage of being clinical validated was 46.0% (23/50) for electronic sphygmomanometers in hospitals, 42.0% (21/50) for those in community health centers and 14.0% (14/100) for those in home use, respectively, and the proportions between the three groups were significantly difference (P<0.001). Doctors in tertiary hospitals and community health service centers judged the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers mainly on the basis of "regular correction" (41.0% (41/100)) and "comparison with other electronic sphygmomanometers" (20.0% (20/100)), while among home users, 41.0% (41/100) were not clear about the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers, and 40.0% (40/100) made the judgment by "comparison with the devices in hospitals". Conclusion: The clinical validation of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers in China is low. Most of users, including healthcare professionals, are not aware of clinical validation of electronic sphygmomanometers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure Determination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sphygmomanometers , Hypertension/diagnosis , China , Electronics , Blood Pressure
5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 208-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the medication rules in the ancient book Pu Ji Fang for the external treatment of acne based on data mining method. Methods:By screening out the methods of treating acne externally in Pu Ji Fang and establishing a standardized medical record database, this paper adopted the web version of Ancient and Modern Medical Record Cloud Platform to calculate the frequency, properties, flavors, and meridians of those medicines, and conduct cluster analysis by using IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0 software to analyze the association rules. Results:A total of 87 prescriptions were selected, including 164 kinds of Chinese materia medica, among which. Radix Angelicae, Ligusticum Wallichii, Rhizoma Typhoni and lead powder are frequently appeared. The properties of those medicines are mainly warm, cold and mild; the flavors of those medicines are mainly spicy, acrid, sweet and bitter, and the meridians mainly belongs to lung, spleen, stomach and liver meridians. The medical pair and group with the strongest associationion are Ligusticum Wallichii- Radix Angelicae and Rhizoma Typhonii- Radix Angelicae- Ligusticum Wallichii. Those freuently appeared medicines could be grouped into three categories. The paste dosage that was frequently appeared has strong correlation with tallow, mercury and lead powder, while the powder dosage that was frequenctly appeared has strong correlation with Angelica Dahurica, Radix Saponicae, Gleditsia sinensis, Radices Ligustici Sinensis and Ligusticum Wallichii. Conclusions:The application of data mining method could preliminarily reveal the medication rules of Pu Ji Fang for the external treatment of acne. The main treatment method is XinSanFaYue. The three categories of Chinese materia medica are used to treat the syndrome of asthenic habitus attacked by exogenous pathogenic factors, exterior attacked by wind heat and hot blood stasis respectively, showing the rules of treating acne externally before Ming Dynasty and providing references for the clinical treatment of acne.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1080-1086, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976474

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the toxic effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles(ZnO NPs)on cornea by constructing intoxicated model in vivo and in vitro.METHODS:Human corneal epithelial cells(HCEpiC)were cultured in vitro and exposed to different concentrations(0.5, 5, 12.5, 25, 50, 100, 250 μg/mL)of ZnO NPs for 24h. The cell culture medium without nano-solution was used as the blank control group. The viability of the cells was assessed by MTT assay. Three different concentrations(25, 50 and 100 μg/mL)of ZnONPs dispersions were exposed to the conjunctival sac of anesthetized mice three times a day for 7d consecutively. The phosphate buffered saline(PBS)eye group was the PBS control group. Corneal morphology was observed on 1, 3, 5 and 7d, and the eyes were removed on 8d for various laboratory examinations, including corneal pathological changes and expression levels of inflammatory factors(TNF-α, IL-6).RESULTS:After treatment of HCEpiC cells with different concentrations of ZnO NPs for 24h, the MTT results showed that Zno NPs cause damage to cells at 0.5 μg/mL, and the cell survival rate was about 80%(P&#x003C;0.05). Half of the cells were killed at a dose of 5 μg/mL, the damaging effect on cells in the concentration range of 5~250 μg/mL was concentration-dependent(P&#x003C;0.0001). After 7d of conjunctival capsule spotting in mice, dot-like staining of fluorescein was seen in the 25 μg/mL ZnO NPs and 50 μg/mL ZnO NPs groups. Localized circular fluorescein stained areas were seen in the corneas of the 100 μg/mL ZnO NPs group. HE staining showed that the corneal epithelial layer, stromal layer thickness and stromal layer immune cell number did not change significantly in the 25 μg/mL and 50 μg/mL ZnO NPs groups(all P&#x003E;0.05), while the corneal epithelial layer thinned, the corneal stromal layer thickened and the stromal layer immune cells increased significantly in the 100 μg/mL ZnO NPs group(all P&#x003C;0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the number of corneal stromal immune cells producing TNF-α and IL-6 and the mean integral optical density(IOD)values of TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly higher in the 100 μg/mL ZnO NPs group than in the PBS control group(P&#x003C;0.05), and the degree of inflammation response was concentration-dependent. Compared with the PBS control group, no significant increase in immune cell count and IOD values in the 25 μg/mL ZnO NPs and 50 μg/mL ZnO NPs groups(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The toxic damaging effect of ZnO NPs on the cornea was confirmed from both in vitro and in vivo, which provided a theoretical basis for the ocular safety evaluation of ZnO NPs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 179-189, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972300

ABSTRACT

Lancang-Mekong countries refer to the six countries that the Lancang-Mekong River flows through, including China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. These countries are geographically adjacent with similar cultures and have long history of traditional medicine and high plant diversity. Since ancient times, medicinal plants have been introduced into China from the countries along the river, including a variety of medicinal plants with edible and healthcare values, which is an important way for the transnational circulation of medicinal resources. This paper briefly described the history and application of edible medicinal plants in the six Lancang-Mekong countries and summarized more than 150 edible medicinal plants from the other five countries except China. These 150 medicinal plants belong to 66 families such as Labiatae, and 12 species of them are used as edible medicinal plants in all the six countries. Further, we collected the information of these edible medicinal plants, including the origins, efficacy, indications, medicinal edible parts, edible values, and the traditional application of these plants in China. Some valuable edible medicinal plants in the other five countries are considered to have a promising prospect of application in China and may be introduced to China as new medicinal resources. These efforts will be conducive to the cooperation in traditional medicine among Lancang-Mekong countries.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, and interferon regimen as maintenance therapy for blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-BP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of CML-BP patients who received the first major hematological response after induction therapy at The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2015 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The event-free survival, duration of remission, and overall survival of patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group(n=18) and TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group(n=10) were compared by log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 patients were included, with a median age of 46 (24-58) years old. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group had longer event-free survival (7.4 vs 4.3 months, P=0.043, HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.17-1.14), duration of overall remission (16.1 vs 6.6 months, P=0.005, HR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.11-0.89), overall survival (34.3 vs 13.5 months, P=0.006, HR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.10-0.82) compared with patients in TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group.@*CONCLUSION@#The TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine and interferon regimen can significantly prolong the survival of CML-BP patients who obtained the major hematological response compared with TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Tyrosine Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 296-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931385

ABSTRACT

Blended learning mode combines the advantages of traditional teaching and online learning and has become the important contents of teaching reform. This study systematically introduces the construction route and content of the blended learning course of International Classification of Diseases (ICD) based on campus online open course (COOC), including the front-end analysis in preparatory stage, curriculum design, teaching activities and teaching assessment, and preliminary shows the achievements of curriculum construction in order to improve teaching quality and training more excellent students.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 241-246, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929564

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of TET2 single nucleotide polymorphism I1762V in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: The high-throughput sequencing method was used to sequence 58 hematological tumor-related genes in bone marrow samples from 413 patients with AML. TET2 I1762V and other somatic mutations were annotated and compared with patients' clinical information and prognosis. Results: I1762V was found in 154 patients with AML, which was significantly different from the general population in NyuWa Chinese Population Variant Database (χ(2)=72.4, P<0.001) . I1762V was not related to sex, age, and karyotype of patients with AML (P>0.05) . Patients with I1762V had a significantly higher proportion of NPM1 and KIT gene mutations than others (P<0.001) . NPM1 and KIT mutations were mutually exclusive. The survival analysis results revealed that the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with AML with I1762V were significantly greater than those of wild-type patients (HR=0.57, P=0.030; HR=0.55, P=0.020) , whereas the OS and PFS in patients with AML with DNMT3A mutation (with or without I1762V mutation) were lower than those of wild-type patients (HR=1.79, P=0.030; HR=1.74, P=0.040) . Conclusion: TET2 SNP I1762V has been linked to AML. I1762V is a prognostic factor of patients with AML, which can be used to guide the treatment and evaluate the prognosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Dioxygenases/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1734-1749, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929441

ABSTRACT

The quality of traditional Chinese medicine has a direct impact on the effectiveness and safety of its use, and is the premise necessary to ensure the healthy development of the traditional Chinese medicine industry. Comprehensive and accurate control and evaluation of the quality of medicinal materials is of great significance to the traditional Chinese medicine industry, but the complexity and dynamics of the chemical composition of medicinal materials makes their quality evaluation a challenge. Plant metabolomics provides an integrated and comprehensive analysis that is consistent with the holistic approach of traditional Chinese medicine. Chemical information therein promotes the establishment of a traceable system and provides new ideas and methods for the quality evaluation of medicinal materials. Plant metabolomics in the quality evaluation of medicinal materials is gradually increasing, and the core is the screening and identification of differential metabolites or specific marker compounds by means of stoichiometry. This study focused on the main factors that affect the quality of medicinal materials, such as origin, environmental adversity, varieties, harvest time, commercial specification and TCM processing. We describe the research progress in plant metabolomics combined with chemometrics analysis for the quality control and evaluation of medicinal materials, summarize existing problems, identify trends, and propose future research directions. Metabolomics plays an increasingly important role in the quality evaluation of medicinal materials, but the absolute qualitative and quantitative information of metabolomics needs to be further developed, and a single 'omics' technique is not sufficient for an in-depth analysis of medicinal value. In the future, standardization of plant metabolomics methods and a more complete database should be actively promoted, and plant metabolomics should be integrated into quality marker exploration. Plant metabolomics will need to be integrated with other 'omics' methods to improve the quality and evaluation system of medicinal materials.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 511-515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the key genes and explore mechanisms in the development of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#Two cohorts profile datasets of MDS were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) was screened by GEO2R, functional annotation of DEG was gained from GO database, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed via Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, and key genes were screened by Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) based on STRING database.@*RESULTS@#There were 112 DEGs identified, including 85 up-regulated genes and 27 down-regulated genes. GO enrichment analysis showed that biological processes were mainly enriched in immune response, etc, cellular component in cell membrane, etc, and molecular function in protein binding, etc. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that main gene enrichment pathways were primary immunodeficiency, hematopoietic cell lineage, B cell receptor signaling pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, and asthma. Three significant modules were screened by Cytoscape software MCODE plug-in, while 10 key node genes (CD19, CD79A, CD79B, EBF1, VPREB1, IRF4, BLNK, RAG1, POU2AF1, IRF8) in protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were screened based on STRING database.@*CONCLUSION@#These screened key genes and signaling pathways are helpful to better understand molecular mechanism of MDS, and provide theoretical basis for clinical targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Microarray Analysis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 270-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and summarize ABO and Rh(D) blood group distribution and related indicators of COVID-19 patients, and understand the relationship between blood group and disease course of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang.@*METHODS@#A total of 831 patients with confirmed or asymptomatic COVID-19 infection treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from July 2020 to August 2020 were enrolled as study group, and 2 778 healthy people in a third Grade A hospital in the region during the same period were selected as control group. ABO and Rh(D) blood group antigens were identified, and relevant medical data were collected for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of O-type population and Rh(D) positive population in the study group was 24.79% and 96.27%, which were lower than those in the normal control group (29.73% and 97.73%) (P<0.05). The proportion of AB type and Rh(D) negative population was 14.20% and 3.73%, which was higher than that in control group (10.62% and 2.27%) (P<0.05). The proportion of female patients in Type O group was lower than that in control group. The proportion of female patients in AB group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01), while the proportion of type O patients in the age group less than or equal to 45 years old and greater than 60 years old was lower. Different blood groups of Uygur population showed their own characteristics in different sex, but there was no statistical significance due to the limited sample (P>0.05). Moreover, the course of disease and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 patients were different among different blood groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that the blood type distribution of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang has its own characteristics, and the blood type is related to the course and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19. In the future, the data can be widely included in people from different ethnic groups and different regions to improve relevant studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , ABO Blood-Group System , COVID-19 , Ethnicity , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 244-249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotype mutation characteristics of patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PD) deficiency in Wuhan.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 321 neonates with positive screening and outpatients were received G6PD mutation detection, 12 kinds of common G6PD mutation in Chinese people was detected by using multicolor melting curve analysis (MMCA) method, for those with negative results, the enzyme activity and clinical information were analyzed, sequencing was recommended after informed consent when it is necessary.@*RESULTS@#Among 1321 patients, a total of 768 mutations were detected out, with a detection rate of 58.1%. A total of 18 types of G6PD genotypes were identified, including c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T, c.95G>A, c.1024C>T, c.871G>A, c.392G>T, c.487G>A, c.1360C>T, c.1004C>A, c.517T>C, c.592C>T, c.94C>G, c.152C>T, c.320A>G, c.1028A>G, c.1316G>A, c.1327G>C and c.1376G>C, including 683 male hemizygotes, 3 female homozygotes, 80 female heterozygotes and 2 female compound heterozygous.@*CONCLUSION@#A total of 18 types of G6PD mutations are identified in the reaserch, and c.94C>G, c.1028A>G and c.1327G>C are first reported in Chinese population. The most common G6PD mutation types in Wuhan are c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T, c.95G>A.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Asian People/genetics , Genotype , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/genetics , Heterozygote , Mutation
15.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 198-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920624

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mental health literacy levels among residents in Ningbo City, so as to provide the evidence for implementing the mental health service policy and targeted mental health education.@*Methods@#Permanent residents at ages of 12 years and older were recruited in Ningbo City using the multi-stage stratified random sampling method from August to December, 2020. Subjects' mental health literacy levels were evaluated using the national mental health literacy survey of China, and the gender-, age-, region- and educational level-specific levels of mental health literacy were investigated.@*Results@#A total of 6 654 questionnaires were allocated, and 6 392 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 96.06%. The respondents included 2 967 men ( 46.42% ) and 3 425 women ( 53.58% ). The respondents were predominantly at ages of 18 to 44 years ( 2 705 residents, 40.19%) , lived in urban areas ( 3 823 residents, 59.81% ), and had an educational level of junior high school and below ( 3 195 residents, 49.98% ). The level of mental health literacy was 19.06%, and the score of mental health knowledge was ( 64.06±18.39 ) points. In the dimension of mental health skills, the scores of interpersonal support, cognitive reappraisal and transferred attention were ( 2.58±0.51 ), ( 2.45±0.57 ) and ( 2.82±0.49 ) points, and the score of mental health awareness was ( 3.63±0.47 ) points. A higher level of mental health literacy was seen in women than in men ( 20.64% vs. 17.22%, P<0.05 ) and in urban residents than in rural residents (20.95% vs. 16.23%, P<0.05 ). In addition, there were age- and educational level-specific levels of mental health literacy among residents ( P<0.05 ), and a higher level was seen in residents at ages of 18 to 45 years ( 28.98% ) and with a bachelor degree (40.89% ).@*Conclusions@#A high level of mental health literacy is found in residents in Ningbo City. Mental health promotion campaigns are recommended among men, rural elderly residents with a low educational level.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1550-1553, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940021

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy at the inferior limbus for patients of intraocular pressure(IOP)after failed glaucoma filtration.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify 51 glaucoma patients with 61 eyes that had undergone trabeculectomy at the inferior limbus for patients of IOP after failed glaucoma filtration. The preoperative and postoperative IOP, visual acuity and number of IOP-lowering drugs, as well as intraoperative and postoperative complications were extracted. Surgical success rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.RESULTS: The postoperative follow-up time ranged from 6-76(mean 30.15±14.10)mo. The preoperative IOP of 61 eyes was 35.98±10.01mmHg, the IOP after the surgery at 1wk, 1, 3, 6mo, 1a and the IOP of last follow-up visit were 9.62±4.90, 13.15±4.51, 16.05±7.37, 16.48±6.81, 16.68±6.42, 16.77±7.56 mmHg respectively, all of these were different compared to the preoperative IOP(P&#x003C;0.001). The postoperative complete success rates at 6mo, 1 and 2a were 62%, 49% and 36%, respectively and the partial success rates were 93%, 85% and 81%, respectively. There were 34 eyes(56%)formed functional filtration blebs. There were 3.33±0.77 kinds of IOP-lowering eye drops used before surgery, and it was decreased to 1.41±1.44 kinds of eye drops(t=9.86, P&#x003C;0.001)at 3mo after surgery. There was no severe complication observed such as filtering bleb infection and endophthalmitis.CONCLUSION: Trabeculectomy at the inferior limbus offers the opportunity for patients with uncontrolled IOP after failed glaucoma filtration, and it can still be used as a safe and effective treatment for patients, although it is relatively difficult to operate.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 917-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the similarities and differences between Opening Xuanfu therapy and Qingreliangxue therapy in the treatment of psoriasis based on the Network Pharmacology.Methods:The active ingredients and protein targets of the representative Traditional Chinese Medicine contained in drugs Qingreliangxue therapy and Opening Xuanfu therapy were screened out by Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID). The Targets of psoriasis were collected by GeneCards and OMIM databases. The intersections of component targets and disease targets were obtained by Venny 2.1.0, and then the protein-protein interaction (PPI) was constructed by String Platform and Cytoscape 3.9.0 to screen out the key targets in the two therapies that could treat psoriasis. GO functional enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed via the Metascape platform. The potential advantages of opening Xuanfu therapy in the treatment of psoriasis comorbidities are found out by using Venny and Cytoscape to compare the differences and visually analyze the above results.Results:8 ingredients are with the same effect and 73 ingredients are different in these two therapies. There are 43 identical and 15 different potential targets in these two therapies..10 representative key targets in each of the two therapies were obtained by PPI network analysis, including 7 identical key targets, namely HIF1A, MYC, CCND1, FOS, IL6, PPARG, NFKBIA, and 6 different targets. Go enrichment results show that there are 10 same biological processes in the first 20 articles of the two the therapies, including the response to external stimuli, the regulation of cell adhesion, the response to steroid hormone, the response to injury, the negative regulation of cell differentiation, the response to growth factors and metabolism of reactive oxygen species. KEGG enrichment results of the first 20 pathways in the two therapies show that there are 8 same pathways, including cancer-related pathways, fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, MAPK signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, transcriptional imbalance in cancer and cholinergic synapse.Conclusion:Qingreliangxue therapy in the treatment of psoriasis mainly plays the role of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and immune-regulating effects. The Opening Xuanfu therapy in the treatment of psoriasis mainly plays the role of regulating lipid metabolism, anti-inflammatory, regulating cell apoptosis, anti-oxidation, anti-proliferation, regulating angiogenesis and abnormal morphology.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 737-744, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927957

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of components in stasis-resolving and collateral-dredging Chinese herbal medicines, including scutellarin(Scu), paeonol(Pae), and hydroxy safflower yellow A(HSYA), in the treatment of psoriasis by regulating angiogenesis and inflammation. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) cultured in vitro were divided into a normal group, a model group, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor Ⅱ(VRI) group, and Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups with low, me-dium, and high doses. Cell viability was detected by the CCK-8 assay. Cell migration was detected by wound healing assay. Tube formation assay was used to measure the tube formation ability. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of the VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The secretion levels of inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were detected by ELISA. The results showed that compared with the model group, all the Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups could reduce cell viability, inhibit cell migration and tube formation(P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, Akt, p-Akt, ERK1/2, and p-ERK1/2. Scu and Pae could down-regulate VEGFR2 expression(P<0.05, P<0.01), while other groups only showed a downward trend. Scu and Pae significantly reduced IFN-γ and IL-6 levels(P<0.01), and HSYA significantly reduced the levels of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6(P<0.01). Scu, Pae, and HSYA had no significant effect on TNF-α. The results suggested that Scu, Pae, and HSYA may exert a therapeutic role in psoriasis-related angiogenesis and inflammation by inhibiting VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway and inhibiting the secretion of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , China , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
19.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 342-348, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966980

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of overactive bladder (OAB) in young adults and to explore the influence of OAB on mental health. @*Methods@#Between October 2019 and January 2020, 14,010 anonymous questionnaires were distributed to freshmen at 2 universities in Henan, China. The students came from all over the country. The questionnaire included general items and information necessary to calculate the overactive bladder symptom score, the Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score, Self-Esteem Scale (SES) score, and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) score. The relationships between the prevalence of OAB and its risk factors were evaluated. @*Results@#The overall prevalence of OAB was 6.0%, with 4.3% of participants characterized as having dry OAB and 1.7% as having wet OAB. The prevalence of mild OAB was 5.5%, and that of moderate OAB was 0.5%; no severe OAB was observed. Higher prevalence rates of OAB were found among women, respondents with constipation, and respondents with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) (P <0.05). Compared to healthy controls, the OAB group exhibited a higher mean SDS score (52.12±8.986 vs. 47.71±9.399, P<0.001) and mean PSQI score (5.28±2.486 vs. 4.27±2.431, P<0.001), but a lower mean SES score (27.78±3.599 vs. 29.57±4.109, P<0.001). @*Conclusions@#OAB significantly affects the mental health of young adults. Female sex, constipation, and PNE are risk factors for OAB.

20.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 630-633, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907605

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes and compares the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Germany, France, the UK and Netherlands, considering the economic and social situation of countries. The SWOT strategic analysis is carried out on the basis of the proposittion of China-Europe cooperation in TCM, which encourage to carry out joint tackling of TCM for common diseases, jointly promoting the legislation with the guidance of the government and the participation of the public, speeding up the registration and listing of Chinese patent medicine with the focus on the Netherlands and the UK, and optimizing the perspective and strength of TCM publicity with the help of new media. In this way, TCM should be promoted in Europe.

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