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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 198-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920624

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mental health literacy levels among residents in Ningbo City, so as to provide the evidence for implementing the mental health service policy and targeted mental health education.@*Methods@#Permanent residents at ages of 12 years and older were recruited in Ningbo City using the multi-stage stratified random sampling method from August to December, 2020. Subjects' mental health literacy levels were evaluated using the national mental health literacy survey of China, and the gender-, age-, region- and educational level-specific levels of mental health literacy were investigated.@*Results@#A total of 6 654 questionnaires were allocated, and 6 392 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 96.06%. The respondents included 2 967 men ( 46.42% ) and 3 425 women ( 53.58% ). The respondents were predominantly at ages of 18 to 44 years ( 2 705 residents, 40.19%) , lived in urban areas ( 3 823 residents, 59.81% ), and had an educational level of junior high school and below ( 3 195 residents, 49.98% ). The level of mental health literacy was 19.06%, and the score of mental health knowledge was ( 64.06±18.39 ) points. In the dimension of mental health skills, the scores of interpersonal support, cognitive reappraisal and transferred attention were ( 2.58±0.51 ), ( 2.45±0.57 ) and ( 2.82±0.49 ) points, and the score of mental health awareness was ( 3.63±0.47 ) points. A higher level of mental health literacy was seen in women than in men ( 20.64% vs. 17.22%, P<0.05 ) and in urban residents than in rural residents (20.95% vs. 16.23%, P<0.05 ). In addition, there were age- and educational level-specific levels of mental health literacy among residents ( P<0.05 ), and a higher level was seen in residents at ages of 18 to 45 years ( 28.98% ) and with a bachelor degree (40.89% ).@*Conclusions@#A high level of mental health literacy is found in residents in Ningbo City. Mental health promotion campaigns are recommended among men, rural elderly residents with a low educational level.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the key genes and explore mechanisms in the development of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#Two cohorts profile datasets of MDS were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) was screened by GEO2R, functional annotation of DEG was gained from GO database, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed via Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, and key genes were screened by Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) based on STRING database.@*RESULTS@#There were 112 DEGs identified, including 85 up-regulated genes and 27 down-regulated genes. GO enrichment analysis showed that biological processes were mainly enriched in immune response, etc, cellular component in cell membrane, etc, and molecular function in protein binding, etc. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that main gene enrichment pathways were primary immunodeficiency, hematopoietic cell lineage, B cell receptor signaling pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, and asthma. Three significant modules were screened by Cytoscape software MCODE plug-in, while 10 key node genes (CD19, CD79A, CD79B, EBF1, VPREB1, IRF4, BLNK, RAG1, POU2AF1, IRF8) in protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were screened based on STRING database.@*CONCLUSION@#These screened key genes and signaling pathways are helpful to better understand molecular mechanism of MDS, and provide theoretical basis for clinical targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and summarize ABO and Rh(D) blood group distribution and related indicators of COVID-19 patients, and understand the relationship between blood group and disease course of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang.@*METHODS@#A total of 831 patients with confirmed or asymptomatic COVID-19 infection treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from July 2020 to August 2020 were enrolled as study group, and 2 778 healthy people in a third Grade A hospital in the region during the same period were selected as control group. ABO and Rh(D) blood group antigens were identified, and relevant medical data were collected for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of O-type population and Rh(D) positive population in the study group was 24.79% and 96.27%, which were lower than those in the normal control group (29.73% and 97.73%) (P<0.05). The proportion of AB type and Rh(D) negative population was 14.20% and 3.73%, which was higher than that in control group (10.62% and 2.27%) (P<0.05). The proportion of female patients in Type O group was lower than that in control group. The proportion of female patients in AB group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01), while the proportion of type O patients in the age group less than or equal to 45 years old and greater than 60 years old was lower. Different blood groups of Uygur population showed their own characteristics in different sex, but there was no statistical significance due to the limited sample (P>0.05). Moreover, the course of disease and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 patients were different among different blood groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that the blood type distribution of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang has its own characteristics, and the blood type is related to the course and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19. In the future, the data can be widely included in people from different ethnic groups and different regions to improve relevant studies.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , COVID-19 , Ethnicity , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotype mutation characteristics of patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PD) deficiency in Wuhan.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 321 neonates with positive screening and outpatients were received G6PD mutation detection, 12 kinds of common G6PD mutation in Chinese people was detected by using multicolor melting curve analysis (MMCA) method, for those with negative results, the enzyme activity and clinical information were analyzed, sequencing was recommended after informed consent when it is necessary.@*RESULTS@#Among 1321 patients, a total of 768 mutations were detected out, with a detection rate of 58.1%. A total of 18 types of G6PD genotypes were identified, including c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T, c.95G>A, c.1024C>T, c.871G>A, c.392G>T, c.487G>A, c.1360C>T, c.1004C>A, c.517T>C, c.592C>T, c.94C>G, c.152C>T, c.320A>G, c.1028A>G, c.1316G>A, c.1327G>C and c.1376G>C, including 683 male hemizygotes, 3 female homozygotes, 80 female heterozygotes and 2 female compound heterozygous.@*CONCLUSION@#A total of 18 types of G6PD mutations are identified in the reaserch, and c.94C>G, c.1028A>G and c.1327G>C are first reported in Chinese population. The most common G6PD mutation types in Wuhan are c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T, c.95G>A.


Subject(s)
Asians/genetics , Female , Genotype , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927957

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of components in stasis-resolving and collateral-dredging Chinese herbal medicines, including scutellarin(Scu), paeonol(Pae), and hydroxy safflower yellow A(HSYA), in the treatment of psoriasis by regulating angiogenesis and inflammation. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) cultured in vitro were divided into a normal group, a model group, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor Ⅱ(VRI) group, and Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups with low, me-dium, and high doses. Cell viability was detected by the CCK-8 assay. Cell migration was detected by wound healing assay. Tube formation assay was used to measure the tube formation ability. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of the VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The secretion levels of inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were detected by ELISA. The results showed that compared with the model group, all the Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups could reduce cell viability, inhibit cell migration and tube formation(P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, Akt, p-Akt, ERK1/2, and p-ERK1/2. Scu and Pae could down-regulate VEGFR2 expression(P<0.05, P<0.01), while other groups only showed a downward trend. Scu and Pae significantly reduced IFN-γ and IL-6 levels(P<0.01), and HSYA significantly reduced the levels of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6(P<0.01). Scu, Pae, and HSYA had no significant effect on TNF-α. The results suggested that Scu, Pae, and HSYA may exert a therapeutic role in psoriasis-related angiogenesis and inflammation by inhibiting VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway and inhibiting the secretion of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , China , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891074

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and effects of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) on physical and mental health in young adults in mainland China. @*Methods@#An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect information including the sociodemographic characteristics, history of PNE, family history, daytime voiding symptoms, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). A total of 22,500 university students from 23 provinces and 368 cities in mainland China were included. @*Results@#In total, 21,082 questionnaires were collected, and 20,345 of them qualified for statistical analysis. The PNE prevalence was 1.17%, and the distribution of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NMNE) was 66.1% and 33.9%, respectively. In total, 28% of respondents with PNE reported bedwetting daily, 31.6% between 1 and 7 times weekly, and 40.4% between 1 and 4 times monthly; 80% of PNE cases had no history of treatment. The prevalence of PNE in patients with a family history, frequency, urgency, urinary incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections was significantly higher than in those without these conditions (P<0.001). PNE was significantly correlated with the PSQI total score (sleep quality) (P=0.011). The SES score was lower and the SDS was higher (P<0.001) in the PNE group than in those without PNE. @*Conclusions@#In mainland China, the PNE prevalence among young adults was found to be high, and PNE had significant effects on physical and mental health. Risk factors included a family history, daytime voiding symptoms, and lack of treatment.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1903-1906, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To research the relationship between difference types of α-thalassemia gene types and Hb Bart's hemoglobin bands.@*METHODS@#Capillary electrophoresis was used to screen thalassemia gene for the newborn form January 2020 to December 2020, and the thalassemia gene was detected by PCR or PCR-NGS in the positive patients. The relationship between α-thalassemia gene and Hb Bart's hemoglobin was compared and analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in Hb Bart's hemoglobin among the different α-thalassemia mutation types, Hb Bart's was the highest in --SEA/-α@*CONCLUSION@#The Hb Bart's content of different genotypes of α-thalassemia are significantly different. The Hb Bart's content shows high application value in α-thalassemia screening and genotyping identification.


Subject(s)
Hemoglobins, Abnormal/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Polymerase Chain Reaction , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907605

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes and compares the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Germany, France, the UK and Netherlands, considering the economic and social situation of countries. The SWOT strategic analysis is carried out on the basis of the proposittion of China-Europe cooperation in TCM, which encourage to carry out joint tackling of TCM for common diseases, jointly promoting the legislation with the guidance of the government and the participation of the public, speeding up the registration and listing of Chinese patent medicine with the focus on the Netherlands and the UK, and optimizing the perspective and strength of TCM publicity with the help of new media. In this way, TCM should be promoted in Europe.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906129

ABSTRACT

Sanrentang, originally contained in the Regulations on Febrile Diseases written by WU Ju-tong in the Qing dynasty, was composed of eight traditional Chinese herbs to treat damp-warm diseases. It is a treatment method of gradually clearing away damp heat of tri-jiao, with characteristics of separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge. "Separating dispersion" means dispersion in separated ways, with different ways to eliminate dampness to export the dampness, heat, evil and turbid out of the body. "Mobilizing discharge" means discharge to stretch and unblock the Qi, to get rid of dampness and evil. It can be seen, Sanrentang, as a desiccating formula, taking "separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge" as the cubic basis, has a significant effect on both internal and external dampness associated with pathogenic heat syndrome, and its clinical application is quite extensive. After consulting the data of the past 10 years, the authors gave a brief overview on the syndrome theory, clinical application and pharmacological effects of Sanrentang, and elaborated the therapeutic effect and pharmacological effect of Sanrentang in the clinical application of upper, middle and lower Tri-jiao respectively, providing theoretical reference for effective development and utilization of Sanrentang. Coronavirus disease-2019(COVID-19) swept the world in early 2020 and it is a great challenge for the medical community to seek for effective prevention and treatment methods. For COVID-19, although the cause of the disease belongs to the Qi of "pestilence", many doctors have different opinions on the pathogenic characteristics. However, they all agree with the clinical characteristics of "dampness". COVID-19, which has the attribute of "dampness evil", is so sticky that it can't be cured at once. In addition to the main symptoms such as fever and cough, it is also characterized by the middle-jiao dampness symptoms such as poor appetite, fullness of abdomen, loose stool and diarrhea. It is worthy to further explore the application prospect of Sanrentang in COVID-19 prevention and treatment.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898778

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and effects of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) on physical and mental health in young adults in mainland China. @*Methods@#An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect information including the sociodemographic characteristics, history of PNE, family history, daytime voiding symptoms, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). A total of 22,500 university students from 23 provinces and 368 cities in mainland China were included. @*Results@#In total, 21,082 questionnaires were collected, and 20,345 of them qualified for statistical analysis. The PNE prevalence was 1.17%, and the distribution of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NMNE) was 66.1% and 33.9%, respectively. In total, 28% of respondents with PNE reported bedwetting daily, 31.6% between 1 and 7 times weekly, and 40.4% between 1 and 4 times monthly; 80% of PNE cases had no history of treatment. The prevalence of PNE in patients with a family history, frequency, urgency, urinary incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections was significantly higher than in those without these conditions (P<0.001). PNE was significantly correlated with the PSQI total score (sleep quality) (P=0.011). The SES score was lower and the SDS was higher (P<0.001) in the PNE group than in those without PNE. @*Conclusions@#In mainland China, the PNE prevalence among young adults was found to be high, and PNE had significant effects on physical and mental health. Risk factors included a family history, daytime voiding symptoms, and lack of treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921788

ABSTRACT

Lancang-Mekong Cooperation is a new type of subregional cooperation mechanism initiated and built by China and other five countries of the Lancang-Mekong subregion, namely Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Countries in the Lancang-Mekong subregion are geographically and culturally connected, and they have nurtured their unique traditional medicine. By combing the history of traditional medicine exchanges between China and other Lancang-Mekong countries and their progress of modern research, this paper summarized the challenges and opportunities of traditional medicine cooperation in the Lancang-Mekong subregion. It has been found that many regional cooperation mechanisms coexist for a long time in the Lancang-Mekong subregion and the medicinal resources are abundant. However, the degree of their development and utilization varies, and modern scientific research is insufficient. Lancang-Mekong Cooperation has provided a strong support for integrating the advantageous resources in Lancang-Mekong subregion countries and making progress together. Focusing on the development and protection of medicinal resources, this paper puts forward a new path of cooperation in the intellectual property rights and characteristic seed resource protection, the compilation of universal herbal pharmacopoeia in various countries, the research and development of public health products, and the construction of traditional herbal industry bases, thus enabling the traditional medicine to better protect the public health and building a human health community.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Traditional , Rivers , Thailand
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921624

ABSTRACT

Hypericum species are distributed widely in China, especially in the southwest. This genus is rich in species types in China, including 55 species and 8 subspecies. The main chemical constituents of Hypericum species are flavonoids, xanthones and polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols(PPAPs). PPAPs are characterized by polycyclic and branched-chain substitutions in their structures, which make their structure types diverse. Moreover, they have been found to have antitumor, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and other biological activities. This research classified and summarized 344 polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols from Hypericum plants in order to provide a scientific basis for further development and utilization of PPAPs from the genus.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Hypericum , Molecular Structure , Phloroglucinol/pharmacology , Xanthones
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1093-1100, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, diagnosis and therapy of aggressive natural killer cell leukemia (ANKL) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestations, cellular morphology, immunophenotypic analysis by flow cytometry (FCM), TCR gene rearrangement, pathology and Immunohistochemical analysis of bone marrow (BM) were combined to diagnose the six patients with ANKL.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients were 35.5 years old. All the patients with fever, cytopenia and liver dysfunction. Imageological examination presented hepatosplenomegaly (6/6), and PET/CT presented diffusely increased metabolism in liver, spleen and BM (3/3). BM cytologic examination presented increased hematophagocyte at the early stage and 1%-42% leukemic cell were detected in BM with the progression of diseases. FCM showed the leukemic cells were positive for CD2(6/6), CD56(5/6), CD16(2/6), CD94(3/6), CD38(3/6), cCD3(1/5), CD8(1/6), CD7(2/6), CD57(1/6) and negative for CD3, CD4, TdT, cMPO, TCR α/β, TCR γ/δ. The neoplastic cells were negative for TCR gene rearrangement. Five cases showed increased quantitation of whole blood Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA.@*CONCLUSION@#ANKL is a highly aggressive disease. Prompt and repeating BM examination is important to patient with fever, cytopenia and liver dysfunction. The diagnosis of ANKL relies mainly on the integration of clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic finding and EBV-DNA increasement.


Subject(s)
Adult , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1080-1084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) combined with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 AML combined with PNH patients treated in our hospital from January 2017 to May 2019 were collected and retrospective analyzed. The complete remission(CR) rate for induction chemotherapy was analyzed. The level of PNH@*RESULTS@#Among the 13 patients, 11 (84.6%) cases were CR after first induction chemotherapy. The median overall survival(OS) time was 17 months(0-30 months), the median progression-free survival(PFS) time was 16 months(2-26 months). There were no significant difference in the number of PNH@*CONCLUSION@#The patients of AML combined with PNH have higher CR rate after the first induction chemotherapy. The level of WBC and LDH at first diagnosed are the factors that affecting the OS of the patients. The OS of patients with WBC lower than 10×10


Subject(s)
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the current situation of patients with diabetic foot and influencing factors in Jinyang community of Shanghai. Methods:A total of 1400 patients with diabetes registered in community management from January 2019 through December 2019 were randomly selected for survey. All patients completed the screen for diabetic foot and then were divided into control group (n=159) and observation group (n=1 241) according to the occurrence of diabetic foot. Patient's demographics and medical history were recorded, including gender, age, history of long-term smoking, course of disease, history of trauma infection, fasting blood glucose, 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), blood lipid level, history of hyperglycemia, diabetic nephropathy, and diabetic retinopathy. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were performed with these possible influencing factors. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the incidence of diabetic foot was not significantly associated with gender, age, history of trauma infection, course of disease or blood lipid level (P>0.05), whereas had statistical significance with long-term smoking history, fasting blood glucose and 2-hour diabetes mellitus PG, HbAlc, history of hypertension, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that the incidence of diabetic foot was not statistically associated with gender, age, history of trauma infection, course of disease or blood lipid level (P>0.05); it was significantly associated with long-term smoking history, fasting blood glucose and 2-hour diabetes mellitus PG, HbAlc, history of hypertension, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy (P<0.05). Conclusion:There are multiple influencing factors of diabetic foot in Jinyang community. We should take corresponding measures to control the blood glucose level of diabetic patients and reduce the incidence of diabetic foot.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882636

ABSTRACT

The Philippines’ medical system is mainly based on the provincial responsibility system and the limited hierarchical. The Philippine government implement Philhealth program which can provide medical insurance for most people. The top 10 fatal diseases in this country includes ischemic heart disease, stroke, lower respiratory tract infection and so on. Of these diseases, the increasing rate of hypertensive heart disease, chronic kidney disease and diabetes are fast. Bone setting, massage and herbal medicine are the major form of traditional medicine in the Philippines. The acceptance of acupuncture and moxibustion by the government and local people is relatively high acupuncture and moxibustion therapy has been included in its medical insurance. There are many limitations on the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory and Chinese herbal medicine in the Philippines, and the clinical application of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine is still limited. TCM education in the Philippines is still not systematic. Therefore, it is suggested to improve the education system of TCM, strengthen the promotion of acupuncture and moxibustion, give full play of the advantages of TCM for native high-risk diseases, and to make use of modern technologies such as telemedicine.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of compound glycyrrhizin combined with tripterygium wilfordii polyglycosides for psoriasis.Methods:Literature search was conducted in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP databases, Sinomed, PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Embase with the deadline of September 28th, 2020. The randomly controlled trials of compound glycyrrhizin combined with tripterygium wilfordii polyglycosides in treating psoriasis was included. The publication bias and methodology quality of RCTs were evaluated according to the Cochrane 5.0.1 bias risk assessment method. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta analysis.Results:Ten studies with 961 patients were included, with the experimental group ( n=486) and the control group ( n=475). The results of meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate [ OR=3.16, 95% CI (2.00-4.99), P<0.001], the cure rate [ OR=2.56, 95% CI (1.94-3.61), P<0.001], the recurrence rate [ OR=0.15, 95% CI (0.04-0.60), P=0.007], the total incidence of adverse reactions [ OR=0.53, 95% CI (0.34-0.82), P=0.004], the incidence of abnormal liver function [ OR=0.17, 95% CI (0.06-0.47), P=0.001] in the experimental group were better than those in the control group. There was no significant difference on the incidence of adverse reactions of digestive tract ( P>0.05) or lower extremity or facial edema ( P>0.05) between both groups. Conclusions:Compound glycyrrhizin combined with tripterygium wilfordii polyglycosides is effective in the treatment of psoriasis than tripterygium wilfordii polyglycosides alone, and can reduce the recurrence rate and the incidence of adverse reactions. However, a large number of large samples and high-quality studies are still needed.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881066

ABSTRACT

The phytochemical investigation of the stems of Homalium stenophyllum afforded seven new phenolic glycosides (1-5 and 8-9) and two known compounds (6 and 7). Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analyses of NMR spectroscopic, mass spectrometric data and chemical hydrolysis. Additionally, their anti-inflammatory activities against the NO production in LPS-induced macrophages were evaluated.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Jiajian Fuyuan Huoxuetang combined with electroacupuncture on neurological rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injury, and to investigate its effect on neurotrophic and inflammatory factors. Method:One hundred and twenty patients were randomly divided into control group (59 cases) and observation group (61 cases) by random number table. Both groups’ patients got monosialotetrahexosylganglioside by intravenous drip for 6 weeks, 200-400 mg/time, 1 time/day.Rat nerve growth factor for injection by intramuscular injection for 4 weeks, 20 μg/time, 1 time/day. Patients in control group additionally got electroacupuncture treatment,and tongluo huatan capsule,3 caps/time,3 time/days. The patients in observation group additionally got Jiajian Fuyuan Huoxuetang combined with electroacupuncture, 1 dose/day. The courses of treatment were 12 weeks in two groups. Scores of degree of spinal cord neurological impairment were graded by using impairment score of American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA). Lower extremity motor ability was discussed by using the walking index of spinal cord injuryⅡ (WISCⅠ Ⅱ) and 10 minutes’ walking time (10 MWT). Before and after treatment, functions of daily life were evaluated by using Barthel index (MBI). Bladder function was also discussed, and levels of brain-derived nerve growth factor in peripheral blood (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), astrogenic calcium binding protein S-100 β (S-100 β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were also detected. Result:After the treatment, scores of sensory and motor in ASIA scale in observation group were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Score of WISCⅠ Ⅱ in observation group was higher than that in control group, and 10 MWT was shorter than that in control group (P<0.01). Times of leakage of urine, urinary incontinence volume and residual urine volume were all less than those in control group, and bladder volume was more than that in control group (P<0.01). Functions of daily life in observation group were better than those in control group (Z=1.967, P<0.05), and the levels of BDNF and NGF were higher than those in control group, while levels of S-100 β, TNF-α and IL-1β were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:On the basis of routine comprehensive rehabilitation therapy of western medicine, Jiajian Fuyuan Huoxuetang combined with electroacupuncture can promote the recovery of nervous function, improve sensory and motor function, improve bladder function and daily living ability, and promote the expression of neurotrophic factors and inhibit inflammatory reaction in neurological rehabilitation for the patients with spinal cord injury.

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