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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 102-109, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6 (LPAR6) expression in patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) , a variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) , and to investigate its role and mechanism of action in the development and prognosis of CTCL.Methods:A total of 110 patients with confirmed MF were collected from Department of Dermatology, Peking University First Hospital from 2011 to 2020, including 24 with large-cell transformation (LCT) and 25 with non-large cell transformation (NLCT) in the discovery cohort, and 24 with LCT and 37 with NLCT in the validation cohort. RNA sequencing and RT-PCR were conducted to determine the LPAR6 expression in patients in the discovery cohort and validation cohort respectively. LPAR6 expression was compared between patients with LCT and those with NLCT, and its effect on the prognosis of patients was evaluated. Two LPAR6-overexpressing CTCL cell lines MyLa and Sz4 were constructed to evaluate the effect of LPAR6 overexpression on proliferative activity of MyLa and Sz4 cells, with the cells normally expressing LPAR6 as the control group; after the treatment with LPAR6-related ligand lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) , 2S-OMPT, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) or adenosine (ADO) , the effects of LPAR6 activation on the proliferative activity and apoptosis of LPAR6-overexpressing MyLa and Sz4 cells were evaluated by the MTS method and flow cytometry respectively. Log-rank test was used for prognostic analysis, and t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparisons between two groups. Results:As RNA sequencing showed, LPAR6 was one of the significantly underexpressed genes in the LCT group in the discovery cohort; in the validation cohort, LPAR6 expression (median[ Q1, Q3]) was significantly lower in the LCT group (204.90[81.90, 512.70]) than in the NLCT group (809.40[417.50, 1 829.20], U= 242.00, P= 0.002) ; in the two cohorts, the underexpression of LPAR6 was significantly associated with increased risk of poor prognosis (both P < 0.01) . Cell proliferation assay showed no significant difference in the proliferative activity of MyLa or Sz4 cells between the LPAR6 overexpression group and control group at 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours during the experiment (all P > 0.05) ; 48 hours after activation of LPAR6 by LPA, 2S-OMPT, ATP and ADO in MyLa cells, the LPAR6 overexpression group showed significantly decreased cellular proliferative activity (1.38 ± 0.01, 1.04 ± 0.01, 1.09 ± 0.03, 1.23 ± 0.01, respectively) compared the control group (1.73 ± 0.04, 1.23 ± 0.01, 1.24 ± 0.01, 1.42 ± 0.03, t= 30.33, 18.38, 4.78, 5.75, respectively, all P < 0.05) , but significantly increased cell apoptosis rate (17.93% ± 0.88%, 17.75% ± 0.35%, 23.97% ± 0.57%, 31.44% ± 0.34%, respectively) compared the control group (3.98% ± 0.03%, 7.81% ± 0.59%, 11.95% ± 0.85%, 12.02% ± 0.48%, t= 15.93, 14.49, 11.74, 33.01, respectively, all P < 0.05) ; 48 hours after activation of LPAR6 by 2S-OMPT and ADO in Sz4 cells, compared with the control group, the LPAR6 overexpression group also showed significantly decreased cellular proliferative activity (2S-OMPT: 1.29 ± 0.04 vs. 1.48 ± 0.01; ADO: 1.27 ± 0.01 vs. 1.51 ± 0.02; both P < 0.05) , but significantly increased cell apoptosis rate (2S-OMPT: 41.70% ± 0.70% vs. 29.35% ± 0.55%; ADO: 37.05% ± 0.15% vs. 24.60% ± 1.00%; both P < 0.05) . Conclusions:LPAR6 was underexpressed in the patients with LCT, and its underexpression was significantly associated with increased risk of poor prognosis. In vitro activation of LPAR6 could inhibit the proliferation of CTCL cells and promote their apoptosis, suggesting that the decrease of LPAR6 expression may be one of the important mechanisms underlying disease progression in patients with LCT.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 174-178, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885191

ABSTRACT

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common subtype of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, and its pathogenesis remains unclear. Recent studies have uncovered high-frequency chromosomal copy number variations in MF, such as gain of chromosomes7q,1q,17q and loss of 9p21,10q,17p, which lead to the gain of proto-oncogenes and loss of tumor suppressor genes, and finally result in tumor development and progression. Moreover, low-frequency single-nucleotide variants have been found in MF, and these mutated genes are mostly enriched in the pathways associated with cell cycle regulation, cell apoptosis, chromatin remodeling as well as T cell activation. Gene-fusion variation is rarely reported in MF. In addition, large cell transformation may occur in some MF cases, and often indicates poor prognoses such as disease progression and drug resistance. In conclusion, MF is a complex disease with highly molecular genetic heterogeneity, and more extensive and intensive researches on its pathogenesis are needed in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Tonghua Dongbao′s insulin aspart injection (Rishulin) and NovoRapid (Novo Nordisk) in the treatment of diabetes.Methods:A 26-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, positive control drug and non-inferiority trial was conducted in 23 centers in China. A total of 563 diabetes with poor blood glucose control treated with insulin for at least 3 months before were included. The subjects were randomized(stratified block random method) into those receiving Rishulin or NovoRapid at a ratio of 3∶1. Both groups were combined with basal insulin (Lantus). The primary endpoint was the change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to the end of 24 weeks of treatment.Results:For full analysis set, after 24 weeks of treatment, HbA1c level of Ruishulin group decreased from (8.66±1.28)% to (7.77±1.09)% ( P<0.001), and that of NovoRapid group decreased from (8.47±1.28) % to (7.65±0.97) % ( P<0.001). Treatment difference in HbA1c (NovoRapid group-Ruishulin group) was -0.061% (95% CI -0.320-0.199). HbA1c<7.0% target reacing rates were 24.26% and 21.21% ( P=0.456), and HbA1c<6.5% target reacing rates were 9.65% and 6.82% ( P=0.310) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, repectively. The standard 2 hours postprandial blood glucose (2hPG) in Ruishulin group decreased from (16.23±5.22) mmol/L to (12.65±4.57) mmol/L ( P<0.001), and 2hPG in NovoRapid group decreased from (16.13±5.37) mmol/L to (11.91)±4.21) mmol/L ( P<0.001). The fingertips blood glucose at 7-point of both groups exhibited varying degrees of reduction compared with those at baseline, repectively. Positive ratios of specific antibodies were 31.68% in Ruishulin group and 36.36% in NovoRapid group ( P=0.320). Ratios of negative to positive were 7.43% and 10.61% ( P=0.360), and ratios of positive to negative were 10.40% and 7.58% ( P=0.360) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, respectively. The incidence of hypoglycemia was 60.05% and 55.40% ( P=0.371), and the incidence of adverse events was 76.60% and 77.70% ( P=0.818) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, respectively. Conclusions:Rishulin is not inferior to NovoRapid, and has shown good efficacy and safety. It can be an ideal choice for clinicians in patients with poor blood glucose control with insulin.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 652-655, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755824

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is characterized by recurrent wheals with severe itching,and greatly affects the life quality of patients.The European guideline on chronic urticaria recommends the anti-IgE monoclonal antibody omalizumab as the only third-line therapy for patients with CSU whose condition can not be controlled by high doses of antihistamines.Although a lot of researches have shown that omalizumab is effective and safe for the treatment of CSU,its therapeutic mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated.This review summarizes therapeutic mechanisms of omalizumab in the treatment of CSU,and indices for predicting and monitoring its clinical efficacy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779419

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) among different ethnic groups. Methods A multicenter cross-sectional survey was conducted. Subjects were selected by multistage stratified random sampling. Physical examination and laboratory testing were performed to collect MS related indicators, and the prevalence was standardized by the 6th general survey data. Further multivariate and logarithmic linear model methods were applied to analyze the risk factors and interaction. Results The overall prevalence of MS was 19.58%. The highest prevalence of MS was in Korean, followed by Han, while the lowest was in Kazakh. The rates of MS, overweight and obesity were higher in men than those in women, and increased along with age. Multivariate analysis result showed that the odds ratio (OR) of female to male was 0.556, and aging increased the risk of MS. The OR of central obesity was 2.765, and would reach to 4.259 when the waist-to-body ratio was over 0.52. The logarithmic linear model showed that the overweight/obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension and dyslipidemia had independent effects on the risk of MS. Also, there were interactions in the four indicators. Conclusions The incidence of MS is high and the positive interaction between the overweight/obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension and dyslipidemia is observed, making MS a common crisis to clinical and public health. In order to prevent and control MS, and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes, early screening of MS should be strengthened and lifestyle intervention should be carried out.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To collect and analyze multi-dimensional pulse diagram features with the array sensor of a pressure profile system (PPS) and study the characteristic parameters of the new multi-dimensional pulse diagram by pulse diagram analysis technology.@*METHODS@#The pulse signals at the Guan position of left wrist were acquired from 105 volunteers at the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. We obtained the pulse data using an array sensor with 3×4 channels. Three dimensional pulse diagrams were constructed for the validated pulse data, and the array pulse volume (APV) parameter was computed by a linear interpolation algorithm. The APV differences among normal pulse (NP), wiry pulse (WP) and slippery pulse (SP) were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. The coefficients of variation (CV) were calculated for WP, SP and NP.@*RESULTS@#The APV difference between WP and NP in the 105 volunteers was statistically significant (6.26±0.28 vs. 6.04±0.36, P=0.048), as well as the difference between WP and SP (6.26±0.28 vs. 6.07±0.46, P=0.049). However, no statistically significant difference was found between NP and SP (P=0.75). WP showed a similar CV (4.47%) to those of NP (5.96%) and SP (7.58%).@*CONCLUSION@#The new parameter APV could differentiate between NP or SP and WP. Accordingly, APV could be considered an useful parameter for the analysis of array pulse diagrams in Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pulse , Methods , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2027-2032, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Compared with Caucasians, unique demographic and clinical features have been reported in Chinese patients with malignant melanoma, but similar comparative studies of melanocytic nevi (MN) are lacking. This study examined the clinical and dermoscopic features of MN in surgically treated Chinese cases.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and dermoscopic findings from 1046 cases of MN were collected and analyzed. Cases were treated from January 1 to December 31, 2014 at the Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Peking University First Hospital. The association between nevi location and histologic subtypes was examined with Chi-squared test and univariate logistic regression. Chi-squared test was also used to analyze the proportion of globular patterns across different body sites, and proportion of parallel furrow patterns across different histologic subtypes.@*RESULTS@#The majority of the nevi were from female patients, irrespective of location. The range of age at the time of nevi onset was from 0 (birth) to 79 years. There were 381 (36.4%, 381/1046) congenital nevi; of these 81.6% (311/381) were present at birth. Nevi appeared before 30 years of age in 83.2% (870/1046) of the cases. Median values of length growth rate in congenital and acquired MN were 2.0 and 1.6, respectively. Median values of length growth rates in four age groups (0-9, 10-19, 20-29, and ≥30 years) of congenital nevi were 2.2, 2.0, 2.4, and 2.0, respectively. In acral nevi, which often need to be differentiated from acral lentiginous melanoma, 50.2% (109/217) were junctional (odds ratio [OR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 91.572 [52.210-160.959], P < 0.05). Acral location was also associated with a higher likelihood of compound nevi subtype (OR [95% CI]: 14.468 [8.981-23.306], P < 0.05). The globular (59.4%, 354/596) and pseudonetwork (48.8%, 291/596) dermoscopic patterns were often seen in the head and neck region. In areas other than head and neck and acral regions, the globular pattern was the commonest pattern (34.8%, 71/204) regardless of age. Parallel furrow pattern occurred in 46.0% (87/189) of acral MN, followed by fibrillar pattern (21.7%, 41/189).@*CONCLUSION@#Unique clinical and dermoscopic features exist in Chinese patients with MN compared with observations reported in other population.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2027-2032, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802845

ABSTRACT

Background@#Compared with Caucasians, unique demographic and clinical features have been reported in Chinese patients with malignant melanoma, but similar comparative studies of melanocytic nevi (MN) are lacking. This study examined the clinical and dermoscopic features of MN in surgically treated Chinese cases.@*Methods@#Clinical data and dermoscopic findings from 1046 cases of MN were collected and analyzed. Cases were treated from January 1 to December 31, 2014 at the Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Peking University First Hospital. The association between nevi location and histologic subtypes was examined with Chi-squared test and univariate logistic regression. Chi-squared test was also used to analyze the proportion of globular patterns across different body sites, and proportion of parallel furrow patterns across different histologic subtypes.@*Results@#The majority of the nevi were from female patients, irrespective of location. The range of age at the time of nevi onset was from 0 (birth) to 79 years. There were 381 (36.4%, 381/1046) congenital nevi; of these 81.6% (311/381) were present at birth. Nevi appeared before 30 years of age in 83.2% (870/1046) of the cases. Median values of length growth rate in congenital and acquired MN were 2.0 and 1.6, respectively. Median values of length growth rates in four age groups (0–9, 10–19, 20–29, and ≥30 years) of congenital nevi were 2.2, 2.0, 2.4, and 2.0, respectively. In acral nevi, which often need to be differentiated from acral lentiginous melanoma, 50.2% (109/217) were junctional (odds ratio [OR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 91.572 [52.210–160.959], P < 0.05). Acral location was also associated with a higher likelihood of compound nevi subtype (OR [95% CI]: 14.468 [8.981–23.306], P < 0.05). The globular (59.4%, 354/596) and pseudonetwork (48.8%, 291/596) dermoscopic patterns were often seen in the head and neck region. In areas other than head and neck and acral regions, the globular pattern was the commonest pattern (34.8%, 71/204) regardless of age. Parallel furrow pattern occurred in 46.0% (87/189) of acral MN, followed by fibrillar pattern (21.7%, 41/189).@*Conclusion@#Unique clinical and dermoscopic features exist in Chinese patients with MN compared with observations reported in other population.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 832-836, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801223

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze clinicopathological features of parapsoriasis.@*Methods@#Clinical and pathological data were collected from 81 patients with parapsoriasis in Department of Dermatology, Peking University First Hospital between January 2016 and May 2018, and analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#Among the 81 patients with parapsoriasis, 44 were male and 37 were female, with age ranging from 6 to 77 years. Their disease course ranged from 7 days to 30 years, and the median disease course was 12 months. Moreover, 61 (75.3%) patients were aged less than 40 years, and 20 (24.7%) were aged 41 years and older. Of the 81 patients, 16 (19.8%) were diagnosed with small plaque parapsoriasis, 20 (24.7%) with large plaque parapsoriasis, 37 (45.7%) with pityriasis lichenoides chronica, and 8 (9.9%) with pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta. Additionally, distribution patterns of lesions included diffuse type in 65 cases (80.2%) , central type in 6 cases (7.4%) , and peripheral type in 10 cases (12.3%) . Histopathological examination of skin lesions revealed liquefaction degeneration of basal cells in 69 cases (85.2%) , migration of lymphocytes into the epidermis in 67 cases (82.7%) , focal parakeratosis in 42 cases (51.9%) , keratinocyte necrosis in 29 cases (35.8%) , extravasation of erythrocytes in 23 cases (28.4%) , epidermal spongiosis in 21 cases (25.9%) , and dermal perivascular focal infiltration in 61 cases (75.3%) .@*Conclusion@#Parapsoriasis has characteristic clinical and pathological manifestations, and a close combination of clinical manifestations with pathological features is necessary for its accurate diagnosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 652-655, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797851

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is characterized by recurrent wheals with severe itching, and greatly affects the life quality of patients. The European guideline on chronic urticaria recommends the anti-IgE monoclonal antibody omalizumab as the only third-line therapy for patients with CSU whose condition can not be controlled by high doses of antihistamines. Although a lot of researches have shown that omalizumab is effective and safe for the treatment of CSU, its therapeutic mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. This review summarizes therapeutic mechanisms of omalizumab in the treatment of CSU, and indices for predicting and monitoring its clinical efficacy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710337

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of nonablative 1 565-nm Er:Glass fractional laser in the treatment of striae gravidarum.Methods The left and right sides of the abdomens of 30 subjects with striae gravidarum were divided into 2 groups by simple randomization:treatment group treated with nonablative 1 565-nm Er:Glass fractional laser every 4 weeks for 3 sessions,and control group receiving no treatment.These subjects were followed up at the baseline,4th,8th and 12th week.At the same time,photos were taken,the skin flexibility was evaluated,and the width of striae was measured.Four weeks after the final treatment,clinical improvement was evaluated by 2 doctors,who were blind to the therapeutic protocol,according to clinical photos and three-dimensional (3D) images,and satisfaction scores were also evaluated.Skin biopsies were taken from the left and right sides of the abdomens of 3 subjects,and subjected to histopathological examination.Four months after the final treatment,all the subjects were telephoned for evaluation of adverse reactions and recurrence.Results A total of 27 subjects completed the whole trial.Four weeks after the final treatment,25 (92.6%) of the 27 subjects were considered to achieve an improvement by doctors.However,21 (77.8%) of the 27 subjects considered themselves to achieve an improvement.After 3 sessions of treatment,the treatment group showed a significant decrease in the largest width of striae from 4.852 mm to 3.296 mm (P < 0.001) and a significant increase in skin flexibility from 0.803 to 0.878 (P < 0.001).Histopathologically,the control group showed obviously atrophic epidermis and decreased collagen and elastin in the dermis,while the treatment group showed thickened epidermis and dermis,extended rete ridges,and increased collagen and elastic fibers which arranged more regularly.Immediate adverse reactions during the treatment included erythema and edema,and other adverse reactions included mild crust,itching and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).PIH was improved at 4 months after the final treatment compared with that at 4 weeks after the final treatment.Conclusion The nonablative 1 565-nm Er:Glass fractional laser can markedly improve the width and appearance of striae gravidarum,and increase skin flexibility in the treatment region.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710332

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of mast cells in Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB)-induced atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin inflammation in BALB/c mice.Methods A total of 24 BALB/c mice were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups to be topically treated with ovalbumin (OVA group),SEB (SEB group),OVA + SEB (OVA + SEB group) and sodium chloride physiological solution (control group) respectively,so as to establish mouse models of epicutaneously induced AD-like skin inflammation.The AD-like skin lesions were evaluated by clinical observation and eczema area and severity index (EASI).Biopsy specimens were obtained from lesional skin of mice and then subjected to toluidine blue staining and immunohistochemical staining to count the mast cells,observe the morphology and distribution of mast cells,and calculate the percentage of degranulated mast cells.Results After 7-week treatment,the OVA group,SEB group and OVA + SEB group all showed severer local skin inflammation,higher EASI scores and denser infiltration of inflammatory cells compared with the control group.Moreover,the OVA + SEB group showed significantly severer local skin inflammation,skin lesions and degree of infiltration of inflammatory cells compared with the OVA group and SEB group (all P < 0.05).The number of mast cells in the dermis of AD-like skin lesions per high-power field (× 400) was significantly higher in the OVA group (median [quartile range]:10.625 [3.675]),SEB group (11.000 [4.163]) and OVA + SEB group (13.875 [8.813]) than that in the control group (5.925 [2.088],all P < 0.05).The SEB group (71.083% ± 14.519%) and OVA + SEB group (58.767% ±.16.978%) both showed significantly higher percentage of degranulated mast cells compared with the OVA group (24.050% ± 11.161%,both P < 0.05) and control group (23.617% ± 8.132%,both P < 0.05).Bivariate correlation analysis showed that the number of mast cells in the skin lesions was positively linearly correlated with the EASI scores (P < 0.05).Conclusions Epicutaneous application of SEB can induce AD-like skin lesions in mice,and can exacerbate the severity of OVA-induced AD-like skin lesions.Mast cell proliferation,activation/degranulation and tryptase release may participate in the inflammation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 482-486, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616666

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate imaging characteristics of human skin in different sites by using 20-MHz and 50-MHz high-frequency ultrasonography,and to compare the reliability of skin thickness measurement by the above two approaches of ultrasonography.Methods A total of 39 healthy volunteers aged 18-39 years were enrolled into this study.Then,20-MHz and 50-MHz ultrasonography were separately performed to image 20 different sites on the body,and the thickness of the epidermis and dermis were measured and evaluated by 3 dermatologists independently.The ultrasonic images were analyzed,and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess and compare the reliability of skin thickness measurement by 20-MHz and 50-MHz ultrasound.Results The ICC values were less than or close to 0.7 in epidermal thickness measurement at almost all the tested sites between 20-MHz and 50-MHz ultrasonography,suggesting poor reliability.However,20-MHz and 50-MHz ultrasonography showed excellent reliability in dermal thickness measurement with the ICC greater than 0.75 at almost all the tested smooth and flat body sites.The 20-MHz ultrasound could provide clear images of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue,while 50-MHz ultrasound could only provide clearer images of the dermis in details.In some uneven sites with complex anatomical structures,20-MHz and 50-MHz ultrasound probes had their own advantages and disadvantages in imaging depth and detail resolution.Conclusions The 20-MHz and 50-MHz ultrasono-graphy both can serve as non-invasive imaging techniques to show structures of the epidermis and dermis better.In different parts of human body,ultrasound frequencies should be selected according to their imaging characteristics.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 626-630, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607554

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB) in non-IgE mediated activation of mast cells (MCs) by in vitro co-culture of laboratory of allergic disease 2 (LAD2) cells and SEB.Methods The LAD2 cells were incubated with SEB at different concentrations of 0.01,0.1,1,10 and 100 μg/ml,A23187 positive control and negative control separately for 30 minutes.Then,effects of SEB on the morphology of MCs were observed by using a light microscope,and culture supernatants of the above incubation systems were collected.The concentration of tryptase released from MCs was analyzed by enzymatic activity assay,and the level of histamine was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results After 30-minute co-culture of LAD2 cells and SEB,MCs showed larger size,obscure boundaries,increased number of protuberances on the cell surface and decreased refractivity,with a radial burr fin-like appearance.After 30-minute co-culture of LAD2 cells and SEB at different concentrations of 0.01,0.1,1,10 and 100 μg/ml,the concentrations of tryptase in the culture supematants were 4.116 ± 0.651,5.344 ± 0.874,3.806 ± 0.459,1.309 ± 0.247,0.310 ± 0.199 ng/ml respectively.Additionally,the tryptase levels were significantly higher in the 0.01-,0.1-,1-μg/ml SEB groups than in the negative control group(1.538 ± 0.490,all P < 0.05),and gradually decreased along with the increase of SEB concentrations.The histamine levels in the 0.01-,0.1-,1-,10-and 100-μg/ml SEB groups were 242.409 ± 63.915,522.491 ± 73.466,550.926 ± 84.466,334.397 ± 33.640,226.527 ± 5.678 ng/ml respectively.In the 0.01-,0.1-,1-μg/ml SEB groups,the levels of histamine released from MCs were gradually increased along with the increase of SEB concentrations,and were significantly higher than those in the negative control group (146.436 ± 3.100,all P < 0.05).However,with the continued increase of SEB concentrations,the histamine levels gradually decreased.Conclusion SEB can directly activate MCs by a non-IgE mediated mechanism,followed by morphologic changes of MCs and release of tryptase and histamine.

15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 646-648, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59273

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Leprosy
16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2108-2112, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495583

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate expression level of endoplasmic reticulum stressmarker GRP78 in the testicular tissue in rats with different phases of morphine-dependence. To explore the role of ERS in morphine-de-pendence. Methods SD rats were divided into 6 groups: morphine (mor) -withdrawal group, mor-extinct group, mor-kindling group and their control groups, normal saline (NS)-withdrawal group, NS-extinct group, NS-kindling group. The experimental rats were injected with morphine subcutaneously on increasing dosage to establish the con-ditioned place preference (CPP) model. The rats in control groups were injected NS. Then the rats were suffered from withdrawal for 48 h, extinction and kindling by morphine, separately. The GRP78 expression level in testicular tissues of rats in the time point mentioned above were measured using Western Blot. Results The time of rats in the paired-box was (528.0 ± 81.0) s, which was significantly higher than that in the NS control group (P<0.001). It was (396.8 ± 116.9) s after extinctive phase, which was significantly higher than that the withdrawal phase of rats (P < 0.001). Also it was (396.8 ± 116.9) s after kindling with morphine which was significantly higher than that the extinctive phase of rats (P < 0.001). These changes of the time indicated that the animal models of extinction and kindling were established in the study. The GRP78 levels were down-regulated in 48 h after withdrawal (P <0.05), and increased a bit afterextinctive phase, but up-regulated highly after kindling with morphine (P < 0.01). Conclusion ERS may be related in the morphine dependence and it might play an important role of testicular dys-function in male drugabuser.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307107

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of Corydalis Rhizoma and L-tetrahydropalma-tine (L-THP) on the levels of dopamine neurotransmitter (DA), dopamine transporter (DAT) and the second dopamine receptor (D2R) in learning and memory-related brain areas, hippocampus and striatum, the DA, DAT and D2R were detected in conditioned place preference (CPP) rats suffered from morphine. And comparation the degree of similarity and consistency of the pharmacological effects was also studied. The rats were trained in black compartments and white ones (drug-paired compartment) with the increasing doses of morphine for 10 days (hypodermically injected from 10 mg•kg⁻¹ to 100 mg•kg⁻¹). Models of CPP were validated in those psychological dependence rats after 48 h training. The dopamine contents were detected as soon as the materials of hippocampus and striatum are harvested from rats of NS control group and model group. The DAT and D2R levels are measured by Western blot. The high, medium and low dose group of Corydalis Rhizoma are given Corydalis Rhizoma 2, 1, 0.5 g•kg⁻¹ water extraction liquid respectively (which contains L-THP were 0.274, 0.137 and 0.137 mg respectively), and the high, medium and low dose group of L-THP were given L-THP 3.76, 1.88, 0.94 mg•kg⁻¹ lavage treatment respectively, NS treatment group were lavaged normal saline for 6 days and they were killed after test of CPP, again tested DA levels and expression of DAT and D2R similar to the front of materials. The reduction effects of CPP were observed in the groups of both Corydalis Rhizoma (2, 1 g•kg⁻¹) and L-THP (3.76, 1.88 mg•kg⁻¹) subjected to medicine for 6 days (P<0.01). Compared with the NS treatment group and the model group, the higher values including in the contents of neurotransmitter dopamine were detected of hippocampus and striatum (P<0.01, P<0.05), the DAT and D2R protein expression of Corydalis Rhizoma (2, 1 g•kg⁻¹) and L-THP (3.76, 1.88 mg•kg⁻¹) increased in hippocampus and striatum (P<0.01). Learning and memory-related brain regions hippocampus and striatum was another neuroanatomical sites of action in the treatment of mental dependence of fumarate and L-THP, its mechanism was related to lowering its elevated DA neurotransmitter levels, and increasing the expression of DAT and D2R. Corydalis Rhizoma could be play 14-times roles in effect of L-THP. The similar effects were observed on the neurotransmitter dopamine, DAT and D2R in learning and memory-related brain areas, hippocampus and striatum of the morphine- dependent rats.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483184

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of 810 nm diode laser therapy for keratosis follicularis.Methods A total of forty-eight patients with keratosis follicularis were treated by 810 nm diode laser,energy range from 9 to 10 J/cm2,frequency 10 Hz,pulse width 400 ms.Treatments were carried out in three times at 8-week intervals,and clinical efficacy was evaluated after third treatment (6 months).Results The total effective rates of keratosis follicularis were 91.7%.With the increase of the number the curative effect were obviously improved.The treatment effective rate was 52.1% (25/48) for the first time.The treatment effective rate was 75.0% (36/48) for the second time.And the third time was 91.7% (44/48).the patients skin texture was obviously improved in the six-month of follow-up except adverse reaction appeared in five patients in the short term.Conclusions 810 nm diode laser is safe and effective for keratosis follicularis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305322

ABSTRACT

Siraitia grosvenorii is a traditional Chinese medicine also as edible food. This study selected six candidate reference genes by real-time quantitative PCR, the expression stability of the candidate reference genes in the different samples was analyzed by using the software and methods of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, Delta CT method and RefFinder, reference genes for S. grosvenorii were selected for the first time. The results showed that 18SrRNA expressed most stable in all samples, was the best reference gene in the genetic analysis. The study has a guiding role for the analysis of gene expression using qRT-PCR methods, providing a suitable reference genes to ensure the results in the study on differential expressed gene in synthesis and biological pathways, also other genes of S. grosvenorii.


Subject(s)
Cucurbitaceae , Genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 18S , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reference Standards
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237673

ABSTRACT

To explore the growth and development and analyze the quality of the parthenocarpy fruit induced by exogenous hormones of Siraitia grosvenorii. the horizontal and vertical diameter, volume of the fruit were respectively measured by morphological and the content of endogenous hormones were determined by ELISA. The size and seed and content of mogrosides of mature fruit were determined. The results showed that the fruit of parthenocarpy was seedless and its growth and development is similar to the diploid fruit by hand pollination and triploid fruit by hand pollination or hormones. But the absolute value of horizontal and vertical diameter, volume of parthenocarpy fruit was less than those of fruit by hand pollination, while triploid was opposite. The content of IAA, ABA and ratio of ABA/GA was obviously wavy. At 0-30 d the content of IAA and ABA of parthenocarpy fruit first reduced then increased, content of IAA and GA parthenocarpy fruit was higher than that of fruit by hand pollination. Mogrosides of parthenocarpy fruit was close to pollination fruit. Hormones can induce S. grosvenorii parthenocarpy to get seedless fruit and the fruit shape and size and quality is close to normal diploid fruit by hand pollination and better than triploid fruit by hormone or hand pollination.


Subject(s)
Cucurbitaceae , Chemistry , Genetics , Diploidy , Fruit , Chemistry , Genetics , Plant Growth Regulators , Pharmacology
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