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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915752

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Antidepressants are effective in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). However, stigma associated with FD and antidepressants may affect treatment adherence. This study aims to explore possible communication strategies to alleviate stigma and improve adherence in patients with FD. @*Methods@#In this randomized, single-center, and single-blind trial, 160 patients with FD initiating antidepressant treatment were recruited. Different communication strategies were performed when prescribing antidepressants. Participants in Group 1 were told that brain is the “headquarters” of gut, and that antidepressants could act as neuromodulators to relieve symptoms of FD through regulating the functions of gut and brain. Participants in Group 2 were told that antidepressants were empirically effective for FD. Stigma scores, medication-related stigma, treatment compliance, and efficacy were analyzed. @*Results@#After 8-week antidepressant treatment, the proportion of patients with FD with decreased stigma scores in Group 1 was significantly higher than in Group 2 (internalized stigma: 64.10% vs 12.00%; perceived stigma: 55.13% vs 13.33%; P < 0.01). Medication-related stigma was lower in Group 1 than in Group 2 (P < 0.05 for 3 of 4 questions). Concurrently, patients in Group 1 had better treatment compliance (0.71 ± 0.25 vs 0.60 ± 0.25, P < 0.01) and efficacy. In Group 1, participants with decreased post-treatment stigma scores showed better treatment compliance and efficacy than those with non-decreased scores. Decrease in stigma scores positively correlated with treatment compliance. @*Conclusion@#Improving knowledge of patients with FD of the disease and antidepressants via proper communication may be an effective way to alleviate stigma and promote adherence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between embryo implantation site and adenomyotic lesions in pregnant patients with adenomyosis and its effects on pregnancy outcomes.Methods:Between January 2018 and December 2020, the clinical data of 95 pregnant patients with adenomyosis who were hospitalized in the Women′s Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, which could identify the implantation site of embryo or placenta (≥11 weeks of pregnancy) through the nuchal translucency test under ultrasonography were analyzed retrospectively. According to the relationship between embryo implantation site and adenomyotic lesions, 95 patients were divided into two groups:short-distance group ( n=59, the embryo or placenta implantation was very close to or over the adenomyotic lesion), and long-distance group ( n=36, the implantation site of embryo or placenta was far away from the lesion, or the implantation site and the adenomyotic lesion were on different sides of the uterus). Next, taking 28 weeks of pregnancy as cut-off value, 95 patients were divided into <28 weeks of pregnancy group (pregnancy was terminated because of adverse pregnancy outcome before 28 weeks) and ≥28 weeks of pregnancy group (pregnancy lasted to 28 weeks and later), the differences of pregnancy outcomes between the two groups in different gestation times were analyzed. Results:(1) The age of 95 pregnant patients with adenomyosis was (34.8±3.5) years. There were no significant differences with regard to age, uterine size before pregnancy, the proportions of primipara, assisted reproductive technology conception, endometriosis, history of estrogen and progesterone treatment, diffuse adenomyotic lesions between the short-distance group and the long-distance group (all P>0.05). (2) Among the 95 patients, 12 patients (13%, 12/95) had adverse pregnancy outcomes before 28 weeks of pregnancy (i.e. pregnancy <28 weeks), including 11 cases (19%, 11/59) in the short-distance group and 1 case (3%, 1/36) in the long-distance group, there was significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=5.100, P=0.027). Among the 11 patients with adverse pregnancy outcomes at <28 weeks of gestation in the short-distance group, 1 case had threatened rupture of uterus before delivery of twin pregnancy at 26 weeks of gestation, 5 cases had intra uterine fetal death in the second trimester of pregnancy, 4 cases had late inevitable abortion, and 1 case had live birth of singleton at 26 weeks of gestation. In the long-distance group, one patient with adverse pregnancy outcome less than 28 weeks of pregnancy was late inevitable abortion. (3) Of the 95 patients, 83 cases were pregnant for ≥28 weeks (48 cases in the short-distance group and 35 cases in the long-distance group), and their final pregnancy outcome was all live birth. Compared with the long-distance group, the incidence of placental abnormalities (60% vs 14%), fetal distress (27% vs 6%), preterm delivery (67% vs 23%) and intrapartum bleeding [median 350 ml (range: 100-1 500 ml) vs 300 ml (range: 100-800 ml)] in the short-distance group were significantly higher (all P<0.05). While the gestational weeks in the short-distance group [median 37 weeks (range: 30-41 weeks) vs 38 weeks (range: 28-41 weeks)] and neonatal birth weight [median 2 790 g (range: 1 170-4 040 g) vs 3 010 g (range: 980-4 320 g)] decreased significantly (all P<0.05), compared with those in the long-distance group. Conclusion:Patients with pregnancy complicated with adenomyosis are prone to adverse pregnancy outcomes if the embryo implantation is located on or very close to adenomyotic lesions, so close monitoring and early intervention should be carried out to improve pregnancy outcomes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnosis and treatment process, treatment methods and clinical efficacy of children with refractory Tourette′s syndrome (TS), thus providing a basis for comprehensive prevention and treatment of refractory TS.Methods:A total of 90 children with refractory TS treated in the Child Mental Health Research Center of Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from May 2012 to July 2019 were recruited.Their baseline characteristics, diagnosis of comorbidities before and after hospitalization, combined non-drug therapy during hospitalization, the drug types used before and after admission, the dosages of main anti-tic drugs used before admission and at discharge, and the treatment outcomes of comorbidities after admission were retrospectively analyzed.The Yale global tic severity scales (YGTSS) scores and the reduction rate were used to assess the severity of tic disorder and therapeutic effect, and the clinical global impression-efficacy index (CGI-EI) scores were graded for assessing the final therapeutic efficacy.Results:Among the 90 children with refractory TS, 82 children were males and 8 children were females.There was a significant difference in the YGTSS scores at admission and discharge (25.04±12.77 vs.67.64±12.46) ( t=27.55, P<0.05). The proportion of all recruited children diagnosed with comorbidities at discharge was significantly higher than that of admission (85.56% vs.47.78%, χ2=28.90, P<0.05). Combined non-drug therapies after admission mainly included psycho-education and supportive therapy (90 cases), comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (47 cases) and relaxation therapy (19 cases). The distribution of drugs used before and after admission was the same, and there was no significant difference in the dosages of the five major anti-tic drugs before admission and at discharge (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences in YGTSS scores and reduction rate, and CGI-EI scores of children with or without comorbidities before and after admission (all P>0.05), suggesting the similar therapeutic outcomes. Conclusions:There is no difference in efficacy between outpatient treatment and anti-tic medication of children with refractory TS, and a comprehensive hospitalized intervention can significantly improve their clinical symptoms.Diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities and combined non-drug treatments like comprehensive psychological and behavioral interventions are the key events to improve the prognosis of children with refractory TS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906416

ABSTRACT

As a typical representative of heat-clearing and detoxifying prescriptions, Huanglian Jiedutang (HJT) has various pharmacological activities and is widely used in clinical practice. The articles concerning the effect and clinical application of HJT published in recent years were retrieved from such databases as China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and PubMed to figure out HJT efficacy, especially in anti-inflammation, the corresponding action pathways, and its clinical application. It was found that the anti-inflammatory effect mainly resulted from HJT regulation of multiple pathways including interleukin-17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway, and neutrophil chemotaxis. The inflammatory cytokines in the serum were reduced via these pathways and thus the inflammation was inhibited. Because of its unique anti-inflammatory advantage, HJT has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, digestive system diseases, skin inflammation, sepsis, and other infectious diseases. In view of this, the paper reviewed the anti-inflammatory effect and clinical application of HJT, aiming to provide a reference for further research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Tanreqing injection in the treatment of elderly chronic bronchitis. Method:CBM,CNKI,WanFang Data,VIP,PubMed,The Cochrane Library,Embase and other databases were retrieved by computer to screen out randomized controlled trials of Tanreqing injection in the treatment of elderly chronic bronchitis. The retrieval time was from the establishment to December 2019. After two researchers independently screened out the literatures according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,extracted data and evaluated the literature quality,made meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3 software,and performed Egger test by Stata 14.0 software to evaluate publication bias. In case of any publication bias,clipping and supplementation method was further used to evaluate the effect of bias on the results. Result:A total of 48 studies were included,including 4 356 patients with diabetic nephropathy. The results of Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional antibiotic therapy,the group of combination with Tanreqing injection was better than the control group in effective rate and lowering serum c-reactive protein (CRP) level,with statistically significant differences. The results of the publication bias test showed that a developmental bias in the effective rate. Further analysis based on the non-parametric clipping and supplementation method showed stable results of meta-analysis and no impact from potential publication bias. The adverse reactions had no statistically significance. Conclusion:This study shows that Tanreqing injection has a significant effect in treating chronic bronchitis in the elderly,and can reduce the serum CRP level of the patients. Compared with the conventional therapy group,the incidence of adverse reactions is not significantly increased,and the results need further clinical tests.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect and the mechanism of Danggui Shaoyaosan(DSS) on angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ)/transient receptor potential cation channel 6 (TRPC6) pathway in nephrotic syndrome (NS) rats. Method:In animal experiments, doxorubicin (4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> for the 1<sup>st</sup> week and 2 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> for the 2<sup>nd</sup> week) was injected twice to the tail vein of rats to induce NS model in 160 rats, which were then randomly divided into model group (normal saline), losartan group (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and low-(4.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), medium-(8.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (17.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) DSS groups. Besides, a normal group was also set. After intervention for four weeks, ultrastructure changes of the kidney were identified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The 24-hour urine protein was detected by kits. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect the content of AngⅡ and Calcineurin (CaN) in plasma. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TRPC6, angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor (AT1R), podocyte slit diaphragm-specific protein (Nephrin), and cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) in the renal cortex. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TRPC6 and AT1R in the slit diaphragm. In cell experiments, AngⅡ stimulated MPC5 podocytes. The cells were randomly divided into a normal group, an AngⅡ group, an AngⅡ+SAR7334 (TRPC6-specific inhibitor) group, an AngⅡ+5%DSS group, an AngⅡ+10%DSS group, and an AngⅡ+15%DSS group. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TRPC6, AT1R, Nephrin, and Caspase-3 in podocytes. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed increased 24-hour urine protein content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and AngⅡ and CaN in plasma (<italic>P</italic><0.01), incomplete glomerular structure, the extensive fusion of podocyte process with elevated fusion rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased expression distribution of AT1R and TRPC6 in the renal cortex, and up-regulated protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6, and Caspase-3 in renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and reduced Nephrin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, the losartan group and the high-dose DSS group exhibited decreased 24-hour urine protein content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and the content of AngⅡ and CaN in plasma (<italic>P</italic><0.01), improved glomerular structure, reduced fusion rate of podocyte process (<italic>P</italic><0.01), diminished expression distribution of TRPC6 and AT1R in the renal cortex, declining protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6 and Caspase-3 in renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated Nephrin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, compared with the normal podocytes, AngⅡ-stimulated podocytes showed increased protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6 and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and decreased expression of Nephrin (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the AngⅡ group, the AngⅡ+SAR7334 group displayed reduced protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6, and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased protein expression of Nephrin (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:DSS can improve the pathological characteristics of NS presumedly by inhibiting the interaction between AngⅡ and TRPC6 in podocytes and improving the structural integrity of podocytes to repair the damage of glomerular molecular barrier and slow down the progression of NS-induced proteinuria.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang (CJLM) on hippocampal NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)inflammasome pathway in rats with depression. Method:Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group, a MCC950 (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and high- (13 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (6.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (3.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang groups, with 10 rats in each group.The depression model was induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stimulation(CUMS) in rats except for those in the normal group. Rats were treated correspondingly for 21 days by intraperitoneal injection in the MCC950 group and gavage in other groups. The normal group and the model group received an equal volume of normal saline. The depression-like behaviors of rats were observed by sucrose preference test (SPT) and novelty-suppressed feeding test. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and IL-18 in the hippocampus of depressed rats. Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a C-terminal caspase recruitment domain (ASC), and Caspase-1. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), prolonged novelty-suppressed feeding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced protein expression of NLRP3,ASC, and caspase-1<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:CJLM can alleviate depression-like behaviors in CUMS-induced model rats, and the underlying mechanism is related to the inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904715

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of lung tumors. Methods    The clinical data of 31 patients with lung neoplasms treated with MWA from January 2019 to August 2020 in a single center were retrospectively analyzed. There were 17 males and 14 females at an age of 63.4±10.4 years. The characteristics of the lesions, technical success rate, technical efficiency, local progression rate, adverse reactions and complications were recorded in detail. Results    There were 39 target lesions with an average diameter of 20.2±10.6 mm. A total of 36 MWA procedures were completed. The initial technical success rate was 84.6% (33/39), and the technical efficiency was 92.3% (36/39). The median postprocedure hospital stay was 2.0 (2.0, 3.0) d. A total of 12.9% (4/31) of the patients had local progression, and the local control rate was 87.1%. The main adverse reactions were pain (12/36, 33.3%), cough (6/36, 16.7%), post-ablation syndrome (6/36, 16.7%) and pleural effusion (3/36, 8.3%). The main complications were pneumothorax (11/36, 30.6%), hemorrhage (8/36, 22.2%), cavitation (2/36, 5.6%) and pulmonary infection (1/36, 2.8%). The median follow-up time was 13.0 (8.0, 18.0) months. No patient died during the follow-up. Conclusion    MWA is safe and effective in the treatment of lung tumors with controllable complications. Successive researches with large sample, and medium and long-term follow-ups are needed to explore the significance of combined therapies.

9.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E377-E383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904411

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to simulate different angles of acetabular blocks that need to be adjusted during operation, the optimal angle was determined through analyzing the contact stress and contact area of cartilage around the hip joint, so as to provide an individual scheme for acetabular osteotomy. Methods The finite element models for development dysplasia of hip (DDH) and normal pelvis were established to investigate morphological characteristics of the acetabulum and the causes of stress concentration. To simulate osteotomy for the DDH model, a total of 20 postoperative osteotomy models were obtained through the combination of different angles for anterior rotation and lateral rotation of acetabular blocks, and the differences in optimal results of the models during simulated one legged-standing were compared and analyzed. Results The maximum contact pressure of acetabular cartilage in normal model was 7.85 MPa. The maximum contact pressure of acetabular cartilage in DDH model was 13.42 MPa. The optimal contact pressure after simulated osteotomy decreased to 8.49 MPa, and the contact distribution was improved more significantly. Conclusions Changing the anterior rotation angle can significantly improve the contact pressure distribution and size, as well as stay away from the preoperative lesion area, which has a positive impact on postoperative outcomes. Personalized osteotomy plan based on actual situation of each patient before the operation is crucial for the surgical effect.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 237-240, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923246

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of new occupational pneumoconiosis(hereinafter referred to as pneumoconiosis) in Jiangxi Province from 2010 to 2019. METHODS: The data of new pneumoconiosis cases in Jiangxi Province from 2010 to 2019 were collected through the Occupational Disease and Occupational Disease Health Information Monitoring Subsystem in the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and a retrospective analysis was conducted. RESULTS: From 2010 to 2019, there were 4 450 new cases of pneumoconiosis in Jiangxi Province. Among these cases, the main disease types were coal workers′ pneumoconiosis and silicosis, accounting for 98.5%. The number of new cases of pneumoconiosis showed a decreasing trend with the increase of years for the last ten years(P<0.05). The median age and the 0 th-100 th percentile [M(P_0-P_(100))] of new-onset pneumoconiosis diagnosis was 56.6(34.0-97.0) years old. The service length M(P_0-P_(100)) with dust-exposure was 12.0(1.0-48.0) years. The main industry of the new pneumoconiosis cases was concentrated in the coal mining and washing industry(63.4%). The distribution of economic types of enterprises with new pneumoconiosis cases was mainly state-owned enterprises(70.0%). The enterprise scale was medium-sized and small enterprises(65.9% in total). The types of work were mainly coal blenders, rock drillers, and coal miners, accounting for 56.5%. CONCLUSION: The incidence of occupational pneumoconiosis in Jiangxi Province is not optimistic. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of occupational diseases on workers exposed to dust in key industries, enterprises and types of work.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 591-595, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the current status of silica dust hazard in workplaces of Jiangxi Province. METHODS: The level of silica dust in the air of workplaces, occupational health examination of the dust-exposed workers and diagnosis of occupational disease in 1 557 enterprises in Jiangxi Province were investigated and analyzed. RESULTS: The 1 557 enterprises were included in eight industries, and the main types of enterprises were non-coal mining, ceramic products manufacturing and stone processing industry(a total of 85.16%). There were 4 029 jobs/positions that were involved in exposure to silica dust in these workplaces. Among them, the exposure concentration of time weighted average(C_(TWA)) of total dust and respirable dust exceeded 21.52% and 20.55%, respectively. The posts where the total dust and respirable dust that exceed the standard were found in the quartz sand processing industry, non-ferrous metal smelting industry and stone processing industry, that were the top three among the eight industries(all P<0.01). Among the 828 posts with C_(TWA) of respiratory dust exceeding the standard, the C_(TWA) exceeding rate of mild-, moderate-and high-hazardous jobs were 3.87%(156/4 029), 1.66%(67/4 029) and 15.02%(605/4 029), respectively. Among 23 643 dust-exposed workers, the detection rates of occupational contraindications and suspected silicosis were 2.06% and 1.51%, and the prevalence of silicosis was 1.21%. CONCLUSION: Silica dust hazard in workplaces of quartz sand processing industry, non-ferrous metal smelting industry and stone processing industry are serious in Jiangxi Province. The supervision and management of occupational health should be further strengthened to guarantee the occupational health of workers.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888141

ABSTRACT

In view of the current inadequate standards for Gleditsiae Spina in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, this study put forward some new items of the quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina. Thin-layer chromatography(TLC) was performed for identification with the reference substance of taxifolin and the reference material of Gleditsiae Spina as the control. According to the general principles of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition, Vol. 4), the moisture, total ash content, and alcohol-soluble extract of medicinal materials and decoction pieces of Gleditsiae Spina were determined. The content determination method for medicinal materials and decoction pieces of Gleditsiae Spina was established using high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), with taxifolin as the quality control index. Based on the determination results of 30 batches of samples of Gleditsiae Spina from different habitats, the draft quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina were developed, which provided suggestions for the revision of the quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Reference Standards
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888063

ABSTRACT

Reverse prediction and molecular docking techniques were employed to evaluate the feasibility of reniformin A(RA) as an anti-tumor leading compound. Based on the reverse prediction, network pharmacology was used to construct a "disease-compound-target-pathway" network. Thirty-nine tumor-related targets of RA were predicted, which participated in the regulation of multiple cellular activities such as apoptosis, cell cycle, and tumor metastasis, and regulated estrogen signal transduction and inflammatory response. Discovery Studio 2020 was adopted for molecular docking and toxicity prediction(TOPKAT). As revealed by the results, the binding affinity of RA with the tumor-related targets ABL1, ESR1, SRC and BCL-XL was stronger than that of oridonin(OD), while its mutagenicity, rodent carcinogenesis, and oral LD_(50) in rats were all inferior to that of OD. Furthermore, in vitro experiments were performed to confirm the anti-tumor activity of RA, and the mechanism was preliminarily discussed. The results demonstrated that RA was superior to OD in cytotoxicity, inhibition of cell colony formation, and induction of apoptosis. RA, possessing potent anti-tumor activity, is expected to be a new anti-tumor leading compound.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lead , Molecular Docking Simulation , Neoplasms/genetics , Rats , Signal Transduction
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2334-2341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887800

ABSTRACT

Tyrosine phosphorylation is one of the important protein phosphorylations in eukaryotes responsible for a variety of biological processes including cell signaling transduction, cell migration, and apoptosis. In the study of phosphoproteomics, due to the low stoichiometry of tyrosine phosphorylation (pTyr) proteins and sometimes limited initial sample, traditional phosphoproteomics enrichment technology is inefficient for the enrichment of pTyr peptides. Here, we review the substantial progress in tyrosine phosphoproteomics by preparation of limited amount sample and the newly introduced SH2 superbinder.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Peptides , Phosphorylation , Technology , Tyrosine/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2232-2239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887792

ABSTRACT

The development and progression of most cancers have been well recognized as the result of highly activated cell cycle. Cyclin dependent kinase 4/6 plays important roles not only in mitosis, but also in multiple biological processes that contribute to cancer development, such as aging, apoptosis and histone modification. Three FDA approved CDK4/6 inhibitors, Palbociclib, Ribociclib and Abemaciclib, have been used as targeted cancer therapeutic agents to benefit patients with endocrine therapy-resistant breast cancer and other types of cancer, prolonging their survival. However, the clinical application of these inhibitors also leads to acquired drug resistance and other problems. This paper reviews the regulatory roles of CDK4/6, the application of CDK4/6 inhibitors in cancer and the challenge of drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/therapeutic use , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Signal Transduction
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2010-2025, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887778

ABSTRACT

Plant-derived aromatic natural products have important medicinal value and can be made into pharmaceutical and healthcare products with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-oxidative, insecticidal and anthelmintic, expectorant and cough suppressant, tranquilizer and antitumor effects. However, the low content of aromatic natural products in plants and the difficulty and high costs in extraction and purification hampered its large-scale production and application. Recent advances in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering have enabled the tailor-made production of aromatic natural products using engineered microbial cell factories. This review summarizes the categories, the synthetic pathways, the key enzymes and the synthetic biology strategies for production of aromatic natural products, and discusses the challenges and opportunities in this area.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Metabolic Engineering , Plants , Synthetic Biology
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2248-2251, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887051

ABSTRACT

Six compounds were isolated from the crude extract of the liquid culture of Alternaria sp. W-1 by silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, and HPLC. They were identified as 6-iso-tricycloalternarene 6a (1), tricycloalternarene 6a (2), tricycloalternarene B (3), uracil (4), 5-methyluracil (5), and lumichrome (6) through HR-MS, NMR and literature comparison. 6-iso-Tricycloalternarene 6a (1) is a new compound which has never been reported in the literature. In cytotoxicity assay, compounds 1-3 showed weak inhibition activity to human hepatoma cell line SMMC-7721 and human gastric cell line SGC-7901.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885723

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, endoscopic and pathological characteristics of synchronous multiple early gastric cancer (SMEGC), and to reduce the rate of missed diagnosis.Methods:Clinical data of 227 early gastric cancer patients treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and/or surgery in Songjiang Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The differences of clinical, endoscopic and pathological characteristics between solitary early gastric cancer (SEGC) group (200 cases) and SMEGC group (27 cases) were compared. The relevance of endoscopic and pathological features of major and minor lesions of SMEGC was also analyzed.Results:Among the 227 early gastric cancer patients, 27 (11.9%) were SMEGC (58 lesions), of which 25 cases were detected preoperatively, and 2 cases were reexamined within 6 months after surgery with another lesion found at a different site from the previous lesion. In the SMEGC group, the percentages of male and atrophy and intestinal metaplasia in surrounding mucosa were significantly higher than those of the SEGC group [85.2% (23/27) VS 61.5% (123/200), χ2=5.815, P=0.016; 96.3% (26/27) VS 81.0% (162/200), χ2=3.912, P=0.048]. The mean age of the SMEGC group was significantly higher than that of the SEGC group (68.7±6.7 years VS 63.8±9.8 years, t=-2.561, P=0.011). The correlation analysis showed a significant correlation between the major and minor lesions of SMEGC in the size of lesion ( r=0.640, P<0.001), vertical location ( r=0.518, P=0.006), macroscopic type ( r=0.904, P<0.001) and depth of invasion ( r=0.470, P=0.013). Conclusion:SMEGC is prevalent in elderly males with atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. It is necessary to be alert to the possibility of multiple cancer lesions, if an early cancer lesion is found under endoscopy, especially those that may have the same or similar shape and invasion depth in the same vertical distribution range.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficiency of a new scoring system of gastric cancer screening for early gastric cancer in health examination population.Methods:The risk score of gastric cancer was assessed based on the new scoring system in health examination population. A notice for further gastroscopy was sent to the medium-risk and high-risk people. Gastroscopy was performed on those who agreed to undergo the examination.Results:From January to April 2019, a total of 5 357 people in health system visited the Physical Examination Center of Shanghai Songjiang Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University for health examination. Seven hundred and forty people were classified as medium- and high-risk groups by the new screening system, 576 in medium-risk group, and 164 in high-risk group. Among them, 131 cases (17.70%) came for further gastroscopy, of whom 91 (69.47%) were in the medium-risk group and 40 (30.53%) in the high-risk group. After gastroscopy, 4 cases of gastric cancer and 1 case of esophageal cancer were detected, and both were early cancer. In the medium-risk group, 2 cases (2/91, 2.20%) of early gastric cancer and 1 case (1/91, 1.10%) of early esophageal cancer were found. In the high-risk group, 2 cases (2/40, 5.00%)of early gastric cancer were found. The tumor detection rate of high-risk group (5.00%) was higher than that of medium-risk group (3.30%), but there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Risk stratification with the new scoring system of gastric cancer screening can improve the detection rate of early gastric cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 294-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate mechanisms underlying the signal crosstalk of VEGF-IL-6-STAT3 between cutaneous melanoma cells and vascular endothelial cells.Methods:EC-304 vascular endothelial cells were divided into 3 groups: control group cultured in conventional endothelial cell-conditioned medium, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) group cultured in endothelial cell-conditioned medium containing 50 μg/L VEGF 165, A375 co-culture group co-cultured with a melanoma cell line A375. After 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatment, the culture medium was collected, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) . Cultured A375 cells were divided into 4 groups: control group receiving conventional culture in Dulbecco′s modified Eagle′s medium (DMEM) , A375+ EC-304 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells, A375+ EC-304+ IL-6 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells in DMEM containing 50 μg/L IL-6 (an agonist of the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 [STAT3] pathway) , A375+ EC-304+ JSI-124 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells in DMEM containing 1 μmol/L JSI-124 (a STAT3 pathway inhibitor) . After 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatment, cells were collected, and Western blot analysis, cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and Transwell invasion assay were performed to determine the protein expression of STAT3 and phosphorylated (p) -STAT3, cellular proliferative activity and invasive activity, respectively. Two-way analysis of variance and t test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The level of IL-6 significantly increased in the culture medium of EC-304 cells in the VEGF group and A375 co-culture group compared with the control group ( FVEGF = 29.63, P < 0.001; FA375 = 11.09, P = 0.020) . Compared with the control group, the A375+ EC-304 group showed significantly enhanced protein expression of p-STAT3 in A375 cells ( P < 0.001) , increased cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and increased number of invasive cells (152.66 ± 16.04 vs. 86.13 ± 7.24, t= 4.43, P < 0.001) ; compared with the A375+ EC-304 group, the A375+ EC-304+ IL-6 group showed significantly increased protein expression of p-STAT3 ( P < 0.001) , enhanced cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and increased number of invasive cells (187.34 ± 14.38, t= 2.17, P < 0.001) ; compared with the A375+ EC-304 group, the A375+ EC-304+ JSI-124 group showed significantly decreased protein expression of p-STAT3 ( P < 0.001) , decreased cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and decreased number of invasive cells (124.92 ± 8.72, t=-1.86, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:There is a signal crosstalk of VEGF-IL-6-STAT3 between cutaneous melanoma cells and vascular endothelial cells, which may play an important role in the proliferation and invasion of A375 cells.

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