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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of quadruple therapy involving radiotherapy (RT), lenvatinib, anti-PD-1 antibody and GEMOX (oxaliplatin and gemcitabine) chemotherapy (quadruple therapy) in treatment cohort of patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).Methods:The patients with recurrent, metastatic, or unresectable ICC underwent quadruple therapy at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University between September 2018 and May 2022 were selected. The data about efficacy and safety of quadruple therapy were collected in the hospital electronic medical record system. All patients were followed up regularly to obtain the long-term prognostic data until December 31, 2022. The efficacy, prognosis, and toxicity data were collected and analyzed.Results:A total of 41 patients were included in the analysis. After a median follow-up period of 15 months, disease progression was diagnosed in 36 patients (18 patients died), while 3 patients were lost to follow-up. The causes of death included liver failure induced by intrahepatic tumor progression ( n=6), distant metastases (lungs or brain, n=6), abdominal lymph node metastases ( n=3), cancer cachexia ( n=2), and unknown cause ( n=1). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11 months (95% CI: 9.2-12.8), and the median overall survival (OS) was 35 months (95% CI: 17.0-52.0). All patients experienced treatment-related adverse events (AEs) during the study treatment period. Of the 41 patients, 13 patients experienced at least once grade 3 or worse treatment-related AE, but all were manageable with symptomatic treatment. No treatment-related deaths were reported during the follow-up period. Conclusions:Radiotherapy (RT), lenvatinib, anti-PD-1 antibody and GEMOX in the treatment of unresectable ICC shows significant efficacy and good safety, which is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 65-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the detection quality and external quality control assessment of fluoride and arsenic in laboratories at all levels in Qinghai Province.Methods:The Z-score method was used to analyze and evaluate the evaluation results of 1 provincial, 8 municipal and 43 county level laboratories of disease prevention and control institutions participating in the external quality control assessment of water fluoride and brick tea fluoride in Qinghai Province in 2021, as well as 1 provincial, 1 municipal and 2 county level laboratories of disease prevention and control institutions participating in the external quality control assessment of water arsenic and urine arsenic. The feedback rate and qualification rate of external quality control of each assessment laboratory were calculated.Results:In 2021, the feedback rate of external quality control of water fluoride, brick tea fluoride, water arsenic and urine arsenic in provincial and municipal level laboratories of Qinghai Province were 100.00%; except that the qualified rate of water fluoride was 7/9, the qualified rate of external quality control of other projects was 100.00%. The feedback rate of external quality control of water fluoride, brick tea fluoride, water arsenic and urine arsenic in county level laboratories was 100.00%; except that the qualified rate of water fluoride was 86.05% (37/43), the qualified rate of external quality control of other projects was 100.00%. In the specific assessment results of the laboratory, the assessment results of water fluoride sample FS20210101 from 1 provincial, 1 municipal and 2 county level laboratories, and FS20210102 from 1 county level laboratory were suspicious; the assessment results of water fluoride sample FS20210101 from 3 county level laboratories were not satisfactory; the assessment results of fluoride and arsenic sample in other laboratories were satisfactory.Conclusions:The qualified rate of external quality control of fluoride and arsenic in laboratories at all levels in Qinghai Province is relatively high, but some county level laboratories are still dissatisfied with the assessment results of water fluoride. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the detection level of water fluoride in laboratories.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 327-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors and clinical outcomes of early pulmonary hypertension in preterm infants with gestational age(GA)≤32 w.Methods:From October 2017 to May 2021,preterm infants with GA≤ 32 w admitted to NICU of our hospital were retrospectively studied. According to their echocardiography 2 w after birth, the infants were assigned into early-onset pulmonary hypertension (ePH) group and non-PH group. SPSS 21.0 statistical software was used to analyze the general status, complications and clinical outcomes of the two groups. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of early-onset PH.Results:A total of 183 cases were enrolled, including 24 in the ePH group and 159 in the non-PH group. The incidences of birth asphyxia, hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA), FiO 2≥30% within 6 h after birth, late-onset PH, severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD) and intracranial hemorrhage(ICH) in the ePH group were significantly higher than the non-PH group( P<0.05). hsPDA was the independent risk factor for early-onset PH ( OR=11.781, 95% CI 4.192-33.108). Conclusions:Preterm infants with GA≤32 w and early-onset PH are at increased risks of ICH, late-onset PH and severe BPD, hsPDA is the independent risk factor for early-onset PH.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 53-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986778

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the Alzheimer-associated neurofilament protein (AD7c-NTP) in urine of middle-aged and elderly people and its correlation between common metabolites. MethodsA total of 1 150 middle-aged and elderly people who did their physical exmanination in the health examination center of the Sichuan Science City Hospital and the Third Hopital of Mianyang were recruited from March 2017 to March 2020. The level of urine AD7c-NTP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and common metabolites in blood were measured by biochemical analyzer. Based on urine AD7c-NTP level ≤1.5 ng/mL, the objects was divided into normal group (n=956) and elevated group (n=194). Thier demographic data and blood biochemical indicators were collected. ResultsThe urine AD7c-NTP level in middle-aged and elderly people was 0.60(0.30~1.20) ng/mL. The urine AD7c-NTP level was higher in women than that in men [1.04(0.40~1.30) ng/mL vs. 0.84(0.30~1.00) ng/mL, Z=4.202, P˂0.01]. And the urine AD7c-NTP level was lower in the normal group than that in the elevated group [0.50(0.30~0.90) ng/mL vs. 2.10(1.70~2.10) ng/mL, Z=22.035, P˂0.01]. The results of the univariate comparison showed that, the differences between the two groups in age (Z=6.545), fasting glucose (Z=3.506), blood uric acid (Z=2.574), urea nitrogen (Z=2.891), creatinine (Z=2.243), total bilirubin (Z=3.936), glutathione (Z=0.969), total cholesterol (t=3.956) and low density lipoprotein (Z=-5.678) were were statistically significant (P˂0.05 or 0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that, the urine AD7c-NTP level was positively correlated with age and the levels of urea nitrogen, glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (r=0.177, 0.178, 0.171, 0.109, 0.149, P˂0.01), and negatively correlated with the level of total bilirubin (r=-0.172, P˂0.01). Conclusionthe urine AD7c-NTP level in middle-aged and elderly females was signifitcantly higher than in middle-aged and elderly males.The urine AD7c-NTP level of middle-aged and elderly people was positively correlated with age, urea nitrogen, glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein, and negatively correlated with total bilirubin.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3308-3316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981468

ABSTRACT

Based on the O-GlcNAc transferase(OGT)-PTEN-induced putative kinase 1(PINK1) pathway, the mechanism of 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde(DBD) on mitochondrial quality control was investigated. Middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion(MCAO/R) rats were established. SD rats were randomized into sham operation group(sham), model group(MCAO/R), DBD-L group(5 mg·kg~(-1)), and DBD-H group(10 mg·kg~(-1)). After 7 days of administration(ig), MCAO/R was induced in rats except the sham group with the suture method. Twenty-four h after reperfusion, the neurological function and the percentage of cerebral infarct area were measured. Based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining and Nissl staining, the pathological damage of cerebral neurons was examined. Then the ultrastructure of mitochondria was observed under the electron microscope, and the co-localization of light chain-3(LC3), sequestosome-1(SQSTM1/P62), and Beclin1 was further detected by immunofluorescence staining. It has been reported that the quality of mitochondria can be ensured by inducing mitochondrial autophagy through the OGT-PINK1 pathway. Therefore, Western blot was employed to detect the expression of OGT, mitophagy-related proteins PINK1 and E3 ubiquitin ligase(Parkin), and mitochondrial kinetic proteins dynamin-like protein 1(Drp1) and optic atrophy 1(Opa1). The results showed that MCAO/R group had neurological dysfunction, large cerebral infarct area(P<0.01), damaged morphological structure of neurons, decreased number of Nissl bodies, mitochondrial swelling, disappearance of mitochondrial cristae, decrease of cells with LC3 and Beclin1, rise of cells with P62(P<0.01), inhibited expression of OGT, PINK1, and Parkin, up-regulated expression of Drp1, and down-regulated expression of Opa1 compared with the sham group(P<0.01). However, DBD improved the behavioral deficits and mitochondrial health of MCAO/R rats, as manifested by the improved morphology and structure of neurons and mitochondria and the increased Nissl bodies. Moreover, DBD increased cells with LC3 and Beclin1 and decreased cells with P62(P<0.01). In addition, DBD promoted the expression of OGT, PINK1, Parkin, and Opa1 and inhibited the expression of Drp1, enhancing mitophagy(P<0.05, P<0.01). In conclusion, DBD can trigger PINK1/Parkin-mediated brain mitophagy through the OGT-PINK1 pathway, which plays a positive role in maintaining the health of the mitochondrial network. This may be a mitochondrial therapeutic mechanism to promote nerve cell survival and improve cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Beclin-1 , Mitochondria , Cerebral Infarction , Protein Kinases
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3162-3168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981452

ABSTRACT

The pharmaceutical manufacturing model is gradually changing from intermittent manufacturing to continuous manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing. This paper briefly reviewed the supervision and research progress in continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing in China and abroad and described the definition and advantages of continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing. The continuous manufacturing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) at the current stage was summarized in the following three terms: the enhancement of the continuity of intermittent manufacturing operations, the integration of continuous equipment to improve physical continuity between units, and the application of advanced process control strategies to improve process continuity. To achieve continuous manufacturing of TCM, the corresponding key technologies, such as material property characterization, process modeling and simulation, process analysis technology, and system integration, were analyzed from the process and equipment, respectively. It was proposed that the continuous manufacturing equipment system should have the characteristics of high speed, high response, and high reliability, "three high(H~3)" for short. Considering the characteristics and current situation of TCM manufacturing, based on the two dimensions of product quality control and production efficiency, a maturity assessment model for continuous manufacturing of TCM, consisting of operation continuity, equipment continuity, process continuity, and quality control continuity, was proposed to provide references for the application of continuous manufacturing technology for TCM. The implementation of continuous manufacturing or the application of key continuous manufacturing technologies in TCM can help to systematically integrate advanced pharmaceutical technology elements and promote the uniformity of TCM quality and the improvement of production efficiency.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , China , Quality Control , Pharmaceutical Preparations
7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 31-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979155

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of air pollution on daily outpatient visits for diabetes, and to provide reference for the management of outpatients with diabetes. Methods Data on outpatient visits for diabetes in a hospital between July 1, 2018 to July 31, 2022 were collected. The correlation between air quality and daily outpatient visits due to diabetes was analyzed using distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM). Results The results showed that the increase in the concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 in the air was related to the increase in the daily outpatient visits for diabetes, with a lagging effect. The accumulative effect in high PM2.5 concentration was statistically significant for both males and females, and the number of outpatients reached the maximum value at lag5 for males and at lag6 for females. The accumulative effect was not statistically significant either at low or high concentrations of PM2.5 in the young and middle-aged population. However,it was statistically significant in the elderly population, especially when exposed to high concentration of PM2.5, the daily outpatient visits increased significantly. Conclusion PM2.5, PM10 and other harmful pollutants in the air have an impact on the daily diabetic outpatients and increase their visits.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1691-1696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects and mechanism of curcumin (Cur) solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) loaded with flower-shaped lactose (Cur-SLN-FL) for lung inhalation on lung inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) model mice. METHODS Firstly, the irritation of Cur-SLN-FL to lung tissue was investigated, and the local safety of inhalation materials was determined. Then, 10 mice were randomly selected and injected with normal saline through the trachea, and the other 50 mice were all injected with porcine trypsin solution (concentration of 33.3 mg/mL, dosage of 1.0 mL/kg) to induce the COPD model. After normal feeding for 28 days, the mice were divided into sham operation group, model group, budesonide group (20 mg/kg), Cur-SLN-FL high-dose and low-dose groups (100, 50 mg/kg), with 10 mice in each group. The corresponding drugs were given to each group, once a day, for 14 consecutive days. Twenty-four hours after the last administration, the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice in each group was collected and the differential count of white blood cells was determined. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathology of the trachea and lung tissue in each group. Masson staining was used to detect collagen deposition in the lung tissue of mice in each group. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the positive expressions of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domains-like receptor protein-3 (NLRP3), caspase-1 and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in lung tissue of mice. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and nuclear factor of kappa B(NF-κB) in lung tissue. RESULTS Cur-SLN-FL had no obvious pulmonary irritation. Compared with the sham operation group, the total number of white blood cells, neutrophils and eosinophils in BALF of the model group increased significantly, while the number of lymphocytes decreased significantly (P<0.05); ciliated columnar epithelium proliferated, thickened and exfoliated in the trachea, mucus accumulated in the cavity and interstitial inflammatory cells infiltrated in the lung tissue;the deposition of collagen fibers in lung tissue increased significantly, the positive expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β in lung tissue increased significantly, and the expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and NF-κB protein in lung tissue all increased significantly (P<0.05). After giving Cur-SLN-FL, the above indexes were all improved to certain extent. CONCLUSIONS Cur-SLN-FL can improve the pulmonary inflammatory reaction in COPD model mice,and its mechanism may be through regulating the NLRP3 signaling pathway, inhibiting the expressions of caspase-1, NF-κB and IL-1β, thus alleviating the process of pulmonary fibrosis in COPD model mice.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1288-1292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978700

ABSTRACT

Five compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Semen Persicae by using various chromatographic methods, including ODS, Sephadex LH-20, HPLC and semipreparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by 1D-NMR, 2D-NMR, HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR, circular dichroism (CD) and ECD calculation techniques: (2R,3R)-5,7,4′-trihydroxy-3′-methoxy-3-formylflavan-3-ol-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), (7R,8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl 6″-benzoyl alcohol-9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), (7R,8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol-9-β-O-D-glucopyranosid (3), 2-methoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-phenyl-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), 2-[4-(3-hydroxypropyl)-2-methoxyphenoxy]-propane-1,3-diol (5). Compound 1 and 2 are new compounds, and compounds 3-5 were obtained from Prunus davidiana (Carr.) Franch. for the first time.

10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 168-185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976826

ABSTRACT

Conclusion: Overexpression of CT45A1 is associated with poor prognosis in patients with BRCA. CT45A1 promotes SULF2 overexpression by activating the promoter and interacting with SP1. Additionally, SP1 and SULF2 inhibitors suppress breast cancer cell migration, invasion, and tumorigenesis. Our findings provide new insight into the mechanisms of breast cancer metastasis and highlight CT45A1 and SULF2 as sensible targets for developing novel therapeutics against metastatic breast cancer.

11.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 46-55, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976619

ABSTRACT

Background@#We found microRNA (miR)-1246 to be significantly differentially expressed between severe active alopecia areata (AA) patients and healthy individuals. @*Objective@#To explore the role and mechanism of miR-1246 in severe AA. @*Methods@#Expression of miR-1246, dual-specific tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A), and nuclear factor of activated T cells 1c (NFATc1) in peripheral CD4+ T cells and in scalp tissues of patients were detected using RT-qPCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry assays. Peripheral CD4+ T cells from the AA patients were transfected with lentiviral vectors overexpressing miR-1246. RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis were used to measure mRNA or protein expression of retinoic-acid-receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor gamma (ROR-γt), interleukin (IL)-17, DYRK1A, NFATc1, and phosphorylated NFATc1. Flow cytometry was used to assay the CD4+ IL-17+ cells proportion. ELISA was used to measure cytokine levels. @*Results@#miR-1246 levels decreased and DYRK1A and NFATc1 mRNA levels significantly increased in the peripheral CD4+ T cells and scalp tissues of severe active AA samples.NFATc1 protein expression was also significantly increased in the peripheral CD4+ T cells but not in the scalp tissues. NFATc1 positive cells were mainly distributed among infiltrating inflammatory cells around hair follicles. In peripheral CD4+ T cells of severe active AA, overexpression of miR-1246 resulted in significant downregulation of DYRK1A, NFATc1, ROR-γt, and IL-17 mRNA and phosphorylated NFATc1 protein, as well as a decrease in the CD4+ IL-17+ cells proportion and the IL-17F level. @*Conclusion@#miR-1246 can inhibit NFAT signaling and Th17 cell activation, which may be beneficial in the severe AA treatment.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 148-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influece of early relapse in the era of novel drugs on the prognosis of the patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(NDMM) and risk factors, and to provide the basis for the early identification of the high-risk patients and guiding the treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of the patients with NDMM admitted to our hospital from November 2011 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether the progression free survival(PFS) was more than 12 months, they were divided into early relapse group(≤12 months) and late relapse group(>12 months). The high-risk factors of the patients in two groups were analyzed, including age, anemia, renal insufficiency, hypercalcemia, increasing of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) level, Extramedullary disease (EMD), International Staging System(ISS) stage, Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) stage, cytogenetic abnormalities(CA) detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH), and treatment efficacy. The meaningful clinical indicators were screened, and multivariate analysis was used to explore the high-risk factors of early relapse.@*RESULTS@#170 patients with NDMM were collected, including 25 cases in early relapse group and 145 cases in late relapse group. The median OS time of the patients in early death group was 20 months, and 140 months in late relapse group by the end of follow-up, there was significant difference in OS of the patients between two groups(P<0.001). Fifteen patients(56.0%)in early relapse group obtained ≥VGPR, and 113(77.9%) patients in late relapse group, the difference was statistically significant(P=0.011). Survival outcomes remained poor among early relapse patients irrespective of depth of response to initial therapy. Multivariate analysis showed that the EMD and high-risk CA predicted early relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of patients with early relapse in NDMM is poor. EMD and high-risk CA is an independent prognostic factor of early relapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 140-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study new biomarkers for the early diagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by analyzing the differences in blood metabolites based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and metabolomics.@*METHODS@#Dried blood spots were collected from 21 infants with ROP (ROP group) and 21 infants without ROP (non-ROP group) who were hospitalized in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2013 to December 2016. LC-MS/MS was used to measure the metabolites, and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis was used to search for differentially expressed metabolites and biomarkers.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in blood metabolic profiles between the ROP and non-ROP groups. The pattern recognition analysis, Score-plot, and weight analysis obtained 10 amino acids with a relatively large difference. Further statistical analysis showed that the ROP group had significant increases in blood levels of glutamic acid, leucine, aspartic acid, ornithine, and glycine compared with the non-ROP group (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that glutamic acid and ornithine had the highest value in diagnosing ROP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blood metabolites in preterm infants with ROP are different from those without ROP. Glutamic acid and ornithine are the metabolic markers for diagnosing ROP. LC-MS/MS combined with metabolomics analysis has a potential application value in the early identification and diagnosis of ROP.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Humans , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Infant, Premature , Chromatography, Liquid , Retinopathy of Prematurity/diagnosis , Glutamic Acid , Ornithine
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 63-67, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970973

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The rapid development of winter sports requires investigation on injuries in Chongli district, Zhangjiakou city, one of the ski sites of the 2022 Winter Olympics. Careful evaluation is required to observe which injuries are caused under what circumstances, and then we can make corresponding preventive measures and recommendations based on the results.@*METHODS@#In this retrospective study, the data of injury cases at ski resorts in China (Chongli district) and Japan were analyzed to provide a reference for the ongoing injury prevention at ski resorts. We collected data on injuries at Wanlong and Fulong ski resorts in Chongli district during the 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 ski seasons. We referred to the skiing injury report issued in February 2020 of a nationwide ski safety statistical service - Japan Ski Safety Association. The causes of injury and specific injured body parts were analyzed based on the data of Chinese and Japanese ski resorts. Statistical significance has been calculated using the Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#During the 2019-2020 ski season in Japanese ski resorts, the number of reported injuries per 10,000 skiers was 0.93, of which 457 (17.3%) were over 50 years old, accounting for a large proportion of injuries, meanwhile in Chongli ski resort, the injury rate of skiers aged 50 and over was 7.1%. The knee joint (23.7% at Wanlong ski resort and 28.4% in Japanese ski resorts) was the most injured body part among Chongli and Japanese skiers. Among snowboarders, shoulder joint injury (17.7% in Japanese ski resorts) was the most common, and injury on hands and fingers (16.3% in Wanlong ski resorts) was the most common. Head injury rates are similar in Chongli, China and Japanese ski resorts (8.2% and 8.7%, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#Our analysis demonstrated that injury data recorded among young skiers was higher in Chinese ski resorts (Chongli district) than that in Japanese ski resorts, and elderly skiers made up a larger proportion of skiing injuries in Japanese resorts. Thus, according to our research, the protection of knee joints, shoulder joints, and hands and fingers should be taken seriously. It should pay attention to the teaching of ski poles (for finger protection), and use protective devices such as knee pads, helmets, etc.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Skiing/injuries , Japan/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
15.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 281-300, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982368

ABSTRACT

Non-exosomal non-coding RNAs (non-exo-ncRNAs) and exosomal ncRNAs (exo-ncRNAs) have been associated with the pathological development of myocardial infarction (MI). Accordingly, this analytical review provides an overview of current MI studies on the role of plasma non-exo/exo-ncRNAs. We summarize the features and crucial roles of ncRNAs and reveal their novel biological correlations via bioinformatics analysis. The following contributions are made: (1) we comprehensively describe the expression profile, competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network, and "pre-necrotic" biomarkers of non-exo/exo-ncRNAs for MI; (2) functional enrichment analysis indicates that the target genes of ncRNAs are enriched in the regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway and cellular response to chemical stress, etc.; (3) we propose an updated and comprehensive view on the mechanisms, pathophysiology, and biomarker roles of non-exo/exo-ncRNAs in MI, thereby providing a theoretical basis for the clinical management of MI.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Untranslated/genetics , RNA , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Biomarkers , Computational Biology , MicroRNAs/genetics
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 420-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics of nosocomial infection in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(NDMM) patients, and establish a predictive nomogram model.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 164 patients with MM who were treated in Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics of infection were analyzed. Infections were grouped as microbiologically defined infections and clinically defined infections. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of infection. A nomogram was established.@*RESULTS@#164 patients with NDMM were included in this study, and 122 patients (74.4%) were infected. The incidence of clinically defined infection was the highest (89 cases, 73.0%), followed by microbial infection (33 cases, 27.0%). Among 122 cases of infection, 89 cases (73.0%) had CTCAE grade 3 or above. The most common site of infection was lower respiratory in 52 cases (39.4%), upper respiratory tract in 45 cases (34.1%), and urinary system in 13 cases (9.8%). Bacteria(73.1%) were the main pathogens of infection. Univariate analysis showed that ECOG ≥2, ISS stage Ⅲ, C-reactive protein ≥10 mg/L, serum Creatinine ≥177 μmol/L had higher correlation with nosocomial infection in patients with NDMM. Multivariate regression analysis showed that C-reactive protein ≥10 mg/L (P<0.001), ECOG ≥2 (P=0.011) and ISS stage Ⅲ (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for infection in patients with NDMM. The nomogram model established based on this has good accuracy and discrimination. The C-index of the nomogram was 0.779(95%CI: 0.682-0.875). Median follow-up time was 17.5 months, the median OS of the two groups was not reached (P=0.285).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with NDMM are prone to bacterial infection during hospitalization. C-reactive protein ≥10 mg/L, ECOG ≥2 and ISS stage Ⅲ are the risk factors of nosocomial infection in NDMM patients. The nomogram prediction model established based on this has great prediction value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nomograms , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Cross Infection , C-Reactive Protein
17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 495-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of elderly patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and the impact of nutrition and underlying diseases on the prognosis of elderly patients with MCL. Methods: retrospectively analyzed 255 elderly patients with MCL from 11 medical centers, including Peking University Third Hospital between January 2000 and February 2021. We analyzed clinical data, such as age, gender, Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score, and treatment options, and performed univariate and multivariate prognostic analysis. We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment on elderly MCL patients with medical records that included retraceable underlying disease and albumin levels, and we investigated the impact of basic nutrition and underlying disorders on MCL prognosis in the elderly. Results: There were 255 senior individuals among the 795 MCL patients. Elderly MCL was more common in males (78.4%), with a median age of 69 yr (ages 65-88), and the majority (88.6%) were identified at a late stage. The 3-yr overall survival (OS) rate was 42.0%, with a 21.2% progression-free survival (PFS) rate. The overall response rate (ORR) was 77.3%, with a 33.3% total remission rate. Elderly patients were more likely than younger patients to have persistent underlying illnesses, such as hypertension. Multivariate analysis revealed that variables related with poor PFS included age of ≥80 (P=0.021), Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P=0.003), high LDH level (P=0.003), involvement of bone marrow (P=0.014). Age of ≥80 (P=0.001) and a high LDH level (P=0.003) were risk factors for OS. The complete geriatric assessment revealed that renal deficiency was associated with poorer OS (P=0.047) . Conclusions: Elderly MCL patients had greater comorbidities. Age, LDH, renal function, bone marrow involvement, and Ann Arbor stage are all independent risk factors for MCL in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Humans , Aged , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Bone Marrow/pathology , Risk Factors
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 388-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984634

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and prognostic factors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treating T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL) . Methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 119 adolescent and adult patients with T-ALL/LBL from January 2006 to January 2020 at Peking University Third Hospital and Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Patients were divided into chemotherapy-only, chemotherapy followed by allo-HSCT, and chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) groups according to the consolidation regimen, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates of each group were compared. Results: Among 113 patients with effective follow-up, 96 (84.9%) patients achieved overall response (ORR), with 79 (69.9%) having complete response (CR) and 17 (15.0%) having partial response (PR), until July 2022. The analysis of the 96 ORR population revealed that patients without transplantation demonstrated poorer outcomes compared with the allo-HSCT group (5-year OS: 11.4% vs 55.6%, P=0.001; 5-year PFS: 8.9% vs 54.2%, P<0.001). No difference was found in 5-year OS and 5-year PFS between the allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT groups (P=0.271, P=0.197). The same results were achieved in the CR population. Allo-HSCT got better 5-year OS (37.5% vs 0) for the 17 PR cases (P=0.064). Different donor sources did not affect 5-year OS, with sibling of 61.1% vs hap-haploidentical of 63.6% vs unrelated donor of 50.0% (P>0.05). No significant difference was found in the treatment response in the early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (ETP) and non-ETP populations. The ETP group demonstrated lower 5-year OS compared with the non-ETP group in the chemotherapy alone group (0 vs 12.6%, P=0.045), whereas no significant difference was found between the ETP and non-ETP groups in the allo-HSCT group (75.0% vs 62.9%, P=0.852). Multivariate analysis revealed that high serum lactate dehydrogenase level, without transplantation, and no CR after chemotherapy induction were independently associated with inferior outcomes (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Allo-HSCT could be an effective consolidation therapy for adult and adolescent patients with T-ALL/LBL. Different donor sources did not affect survival. Allo-HSCT may overcome the adverse influence of ETP-ALL/LBL on OS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Humans , Prognosis , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Unrelated Donors
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 695-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965625

ABSTRACT

In this study, we explored the mechanism of Huganning tablet (HGNP) in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on network pharmacology and computer-aided drug design. Firstly, the potential ingredients and targets of HGNP were identified from TCMSP database, Swiss Target Prediction database, Chinese pharmacopoeia (2015) and literatures, and then the targets of HGNP intersected with NAFLD disease targets that obtained in GeneCards database to acquired potential targets. The bioconductor bioinformatics package of R software was used for gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. The network of “potential ingredient-key target-pathway” was formed in Cytoscape software to study the interactions between potential ingredients of HGNP, key targets, pathways and NAFLD. Based on the results of network pharmacology, the molecular docking analysis of the key targets and potential active ingredients in HGNP tablets with top degree in the network was conducted using Discovery Studio 2020 software, followed by molecular dynamics simulations, binding free energy calculation, drug-likeness properties analysis and ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity) properties prediction. In vitro, HepG2 cells were used to establish steatosis model, and the effects of five key compounds on hepatocyte steatosis were analyzed by oil red O staining and triglyceride (TG) content determination. The results showed that 141 ingredients and 151 potential targets were obtained. A total of 2 526 items and 151 pathways were identified by GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. The molecular docking suggested that five components, isorhamnetin, salvianolic acid B, emodin, resveratrol and rhein, exhibited strong binding ability with key targets [retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha (RXRA), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B), serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (AKT1)]. It was further verified that isorhamnetin and salvianolic acid B bind to key targets with good structural stability and binding affinity based on molecular dynamics simulations and binding free energy calculations. The drug-likeness properties, pharmacokinetic properties and toxicity of five key compounds were more comprehensively analyzed through drug-likeness properties analysis and ADMET properties prediction. In vitro, all five compounds, isorhamnetin, salvianolic acid B, emodin, resveratrol, and rhein, improved hepatocyte steatosis of HepG2 cells, confirming the reliability of the present study. In conclusion, based on network pharmacology, computer-aided drug design and in vitro validation, this study investigated the mechanism of HGNP for the treatment of NAFLD at multiple levels and provided a basis for its clinical application.

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