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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the correlation of the expression of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue and Lipin2 in liver tissue with hepatic fat content in rats with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).@*METHODS@#Pregnant rats were given a low-protein (10% protein) diet during pregnancy to establish a model of IUGR in neonatal rats. The pregnant rats in the control group were given a normal-protein (21% protein) diet during pregnancy. The neonatal rats were weighed and liver tissue was collected on day 1 and at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth, and visceral adipose tissue was collected at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth. The 3.0T 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure hepatic fat content at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth. Real-time PCR was used to measure mRNA expression levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue and Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue. Western blot was used to measure protein levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue and Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue. A Pearson correlation analysis was performed to investigate the correlation of mRNA and protein expression of Lipin with hepatic fat content.@*RESULTS@#The IUGR group had significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue than the control group at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the IUGR group had significantly lower mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue on day 1 after birth and significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin2 at weeks 1, 3, 8, and 12 after birth (P<0.05). At week 3 after birth, there was no significant difference in hepatic fat content between the IUGR and control groups (P>0.05), while at weeks 8 and 12 after birth, the IUGR group had a significantly higher hepatic fat content than the control group (P<0.05). The protein and mRNA expression levels of Lipin1 were positively correlated with hepatic fat content (r=0.628 and 0.521 respectively; P<0.05), and the protein and mRNA expression levels of Lipin2 were also positively correlated with hepatic fat content (r=0.601 and 0.524 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Upregulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue and Lipin2 in liver tissue can increase hepatic fat content in rats with IUGR and may be associated with obesity in adulthood.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gene Expression , Humans , Liver/metabolism , Organic Chemicals , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928274

ABSTRACT

The choice of friction interface has always been a controversial topic in hip arthroplasty. Although the metal-on-metal (MoM) interface has gradually faded out of our vision, its revision is a clinical difficulty. Adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) is the most common indication for MoM hip arthroplasty revision, and the clinical results of hip arthroplasty due to ARMD are not satisfactory. At present, the indications and suggestions for revision of ARMD are not uniform. In this article, the clinical diagnosis, indications of revision, risk factors of prognosis, intraoperative suggestions and reasons for revision of ARMD were summarized. This article briefly introduces the diagnosis and treatment strategies and precautions of hip arthroplasty due to ARMD, in order to provide reference for such patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Humans , Metal-on-Metal Joint Prostheses/adverse effects , Prosthesis Design , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect CD36 deficiency on muscle insulin signaling in mice fed a normal-fat diet and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Wild-type (WT) mice and systemic CD36 knockout (CD36-/-) mice with normal feeding for 14 weeks (n=12) were subjected to insulin tolerance test (ITT) after intraperitoneal injection with insulin (1 U/kg). Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of insulin receptor (IR), insulin receptor substrate 1/2 (IRS1/2) and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), and Western blotting was performed to detect the protein expressions of AKT, IR, IRS1/2 and PTP1B in the muscle tissues of the mice. Tyrosine phosphorylation of IR and IRS1 and histone acetylation of PTP1B promoter in muscle tissues were detected using co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), respectively.@*RESULTS@#CD36-/- mice showed significantly lowered insulin sensitivity with obviously decreased area under the insulin tolerance curve in comparison with the WT mice (P < 0.05). CD36-/- mice also had significantly higher serum insulin concentration and HOMA-IR than WT mice (P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that the p-AKT/AKT ratio in the muscle tissues was significantly decreased in CD36-/- mice as compared with the WT mice (P < 0.01). No significant differences were found in mRNA and protein levels of IR, IRS1 and IRS2 in the muscle tissues between WT and CD36-/- mice (P>0.05). In the muscle tissue of CD36-/- mice, tyrosine phosphorylation levels of IR and IRS1 were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the mRNA and protein levels of PTP1B (P < 0.05) and histone acetylation level of PTP1B promoters (P < 0.01) were significantly increased as compared with those in the WT mice. Intraperitoneal injection of claramine, a PTP1B inhibitor, effectively improved the impairment of insulin sensitivity in CD36-/- mice.@*CONCLUSION@#CD36 is essential for maintaining muscle insulin sensitivity under physiological conditions, and CD36 gene deletion in mice causes impaired insulin sensitivity by up-regulating muscle PTP1B expression, which results in detyrosine phosphorylation of IR and IRS1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Deletion , Histones/genetics , Insulin , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins/metabolism , Insulin Resistance/genetics , Membrane Cofactor Protein/genetics , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Muscles/metabolism , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptor, Insulin/metabolism , Tyrosine/genetics , Up-Regulation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of allergen spectrum in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Xinjiang area in recent 13 years. Methods: The skin prick test (SPT) results of 5 019 AR patients from 2007 to 2019 were retrospectively summarized, and 14 allergens of different age, gender and race were analyzed. Results: The distribution of 14 allergens was significantly different in different years, the difference was significant (P<0.05). The top three positive rates of 14 allergens were quinoa 48.2% (2 398/4 970), plantain 33.3% (1 221/3 667), and Artemisia 33.1% (1 647/4 974). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of dog epithelium between different genders and ages (χ²=0.041, P>0.05; χ²=3.8, P>0.05), the difference of other allergen in positive rates was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The positive rates of Alternaria Alternata (χ²=7.3), Penicillium Sp. (χ²=0.3), Cat Epithelium (χ²=3.1), Dust Mite (χ²=1.4), Acaroid Mite (χ²=0.5) and Cockroach (χ²=2.9) had no significant difference among different races (all P>0.05). The positive rates of other eight allergens including Artemisia Vulgaris (χ²=64.9), Chenopodium (χ²=204.1), Artemisiifolia (χ²=72.4), Plantain (χ²=87.8), Phleum Pratense L(χ²=55.4), Robinia Pseudoacacia (χ²=67.8), Canis Familiari (χ²=70.8), Dog Epithelium (χ²=15.7) were significantly different among different races (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The distribution of allergens in Xinjiang area changes with time, the main allergens are mainly herbaceous, and the distribution of allergens in patients with AR is different in gender, age and race.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Animals , Artemisia , Dogs , Female , Humans , Male , Pyroglyphidae , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic , Skin Tests
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 216-226, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929209

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which makes up the majority of liver cancer, is induced by the infection of hepatitis B/C virus. Biomarkers are needed to facilitate the early detection of HCC, which is often diagnosed too late for effective therapy. The tRNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) play vital roles in tumorigenesis and are stable in circulation. However, the diagnostic values and biological functions of circulating tsRNAs, especially for HCC, are still unknown. In this study, we first utilized RNA sequencing followed by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR to analyze tsRNA signatures in HCC serum. We identified tRF-Gln-TTG-006, which was remarkably upregulated in HCC serum (training cohort: 24 HCC patients vs. 24 healthy controls). In the validation stage, we found that tRF-Gln-TTG-006 signature could distinguish HCC cases from healthy subjects with high sensitivity (80.4%) and specificity (79.4%) even in the early stage (Stage I: sensitivity, 79.0%; specificity, 74.8%; 155 healthy controls vs. 153 HCC patients from two cohorts). Moreover, in vitro studies indicated that circulating tRF-Gln-TTG-006 was released from tumor cells, and its biological function was predicted by bioinformatics assay and validated by colony formation and apoptosis assays. In summary, our study demonstrated that serum tsRNA signature may serve as a novel biomarker of HCC.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , RNA, Transfer/genetics
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 111-125, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929188

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread globally. Although mixed liver impairment has been reported in COVID-19 patients, the association of liver injury caused by specific subtype especially chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with COVID-19 has not been elucidated. In this multi-center, retrospective, and observational cohort study, 109 CHB and 327 non-CHB patients with COVID-19 were propensity score matched at an approximate ratio of 3:1 on the basis of age, sex, and comorbidities. Demographic characteristics, laboratory examinations, disease severity, and clinical outcomes were compared. Furthermore, univariable and multivariable logistic and Cox regression models were used to explore the risk factors for disease severity and mortality, respectively. A higher proportion of CHB patients (30 of 109 (27.52%)) developed into severe status than non-CHB patients (17 of 327 (5.20%)). In addition to previously reported liver impairment markers, such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin, we identified several novel risk factors including elevated lactate dehydrogenase (⩾ 245 U/L, hazard ratio (HR) = 8.639, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.528-29.523; P < 0.001) and coagulation-related biomarker D-dimer (⩾ 0.5 µg/mL, HR = 4.321, 95% CI = 1.443-12.939; P = 0.009) and decreased albumin (< 35 g/L, HR = 0.131, 95% CI = 0.048-0.361; P < 0.001) and albumin/globulin ratio (< 1.5, HR = 0.123, 95% CI = 0.017-0.918; P = 0.041). In conclusion, COVID-19 patients with CHB were more likely to develop into severe illness and die. The risk factors that we identified may be helpful for early clinical surveillance of critical progression.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Hepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the antihypertensive mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) is associated with attenuating phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) via phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Eight Wistar-ktoyo (WKY) rats were set as normal blood pressure group (normal group). A total of 32 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly divided into 4 groups using random number tables: a model group, an EA group, an EA+PI3K antagonist group (EA+P group), and an EA+p38 MAPK agonist+extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) agonist group (EA+M group) (n=8/group). SHRs in EA group, EA+P group and EA+M group received EA treatment 5 sessions per week for continuous 4 weeks, while rats in the normal and model groups were bundled in same condition. The systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) of each rat was measured at 0 week and the 4th week. After 4-week intervention, thoracic aorta was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, immunohistochemistry [the contractile markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and calponin and the synthetic marker osteopontin (OPN)] and Western blot [α-SMA, calponin, OPN, PI3K, phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), Akt, p-p42/44 ERK, total p42/44 ERK, p-p38 MAPK and total p38 MAPK].@*RESULTS@#EA significantly reduced SBP, DBP and MAP (P<0.01). HE staining showed that the wall thickness of thoracic aorta in EA group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). From results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot, EA increased the expression of α-SMA and calponin, and decreased the expression of OPN (P<0.01). In addition, the expression of PI3K and p-Akt increased (P<0.01), while the expression of p-p42/44 ERK and p-p38 MAPK decreased in EA group (P<0.01). However, these effects were reversed by PI3K antagonist, p38 MAPK agonist and ERK agonist.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EA was an effective treatment for BP management. The antihypertensive effect of EA may be related with inhibition of phenotypic transformation of VSMCs, in which the activation of PI3K/Akt and the repression of MAPK pathway were involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Phenotype , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the intellectual landscape and emerging research trends of Chinese medicine (CM) in the management of pediatric asthma through a scientometric study.@*METHODS@#Publications related to CM in the management of pediatric asthma were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection using relevant keywords. A scientometric study was performed using CiteSpace and VOSviewer.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,673 original articles and reviews from 1991 to 2019 were included in the analysis. The amount of annual publications had a gradual increase with time. USA was the major contributor both in country and institution analyses. Based on the co-citation, the published journals were grouped into 4 clusters. Keyword analysis indicated that the main hotspots were: (1) comprehensive management; (2) risk factors, mechanism, and prevalence; (3) prevention and treatment; (4) inflammation; and (5) environmental research. Lastly, we predicted that three emerging trends were quality of life promotion, immune response, and combination therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CM research in the management of pediatric asthma will maintain the current trend of steady growth. This scientometric analysis may help scientists to identify the areas of interests and future directions in the field.


Subject(s)
Asthma/drug therapy , Bibliometrics , Child , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Publications , Quality of Life
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922353

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical outcomes of meniscus repair with simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and explore the causes of failure of meniscus repair.@*METHODS@#From May 2013 to July 2018, the clinical data of 165 patients who were treated with meniscus surgery and simultaneous ACL reconstruction, including 69 cases of meniscus repair (repair group) and 96 cases of partial meniscectomy (partial meniscectomy group) were retrospectively analyzed. The exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) ACL rupture associated with fracture, collateral ligament injury, or complex ligament injury; (2) a history of knee surgery; or (3) a significant degree of osteoarthritis. The 69 patients in the repair group were divided into the non-failure group (62 cases) and the failure group (7 cases) depending on the repair effect. Postoperative outcomes of the repair group and the partial meniscectomy group were compared. General conditions and postoperative outcomes of the failure group and the non-failure group were compared. During the median follow-up period of 28 months (range, 4 - 65 months) after the second arthroscopy, postoperative outcomes of seven patients in the failure group were summarized. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. A p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Seven patients in the failure group who underwent the second arthroscopy were followed up for (30 ± 17.4) months and their postoperative outcomes were summarized. Compared with the partial meniscectomy group, the International Knee Documentation Committee scores of patients in the repair group improved significantly (p = 0.031). Compared with the non-failure group, more patients in the failure group were younger than 24 years (p = 0.030). The median follow-up period was 39.5 months. All patients recovered well after subsequent partial meniscectomy and relieved clinical symptoms. Visual analog scale scores decreased significantly (p = 0.026), and the International Knee Documentation Committee and Lysholm scores improved significantly (p = 0.046 for both).@*CONCLUSION@#The failure rate of meniscus repair in this study was 10.1% (7/69), all of which were medial meniscus tears. However, the surgical outcomes of ACL reconstruction were not affected, and there might be a role for graft protection. Therefore, meniscus retears can be successful treated by performing subsequent partial meniscectomy in patients with repair failure.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Meniscus , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935743

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors of blood-borne occupational exposure among medical staff and explore the relevant intervention measures. Methods: In June 2020, the data of blood-borne occupational exposure and related factors reported by medical staff in a grade Ⅲ, Grade A general hospital from 2011 to 2019 were analyzed by retrospective investigation. Results: Among 431 cases of blood-borne occupational exposure, 69.37% were nurses. It mainly occurred in medical staff with 0-4 years of service, accounting for 63.57%; The main place of occupational exposure was in the ward 47.56%; Sharp instrument injury was the main occupational exposure route 91.65%. Occupational exposure department was mainly surgery department 17.87%; The main source of exposure was hepatitis B virus (HBV) 37.12%, followed by treponema pallidum 20.19%. Statistical analysis results show that: Exposure sites (χ(2)=43.585, P<0.01) , exposure sources (χ(2)=22.693, P<0.01) , treatment methods after exposure (χ(2)=18.866, P<0.01) , Flushing (χ(2)=31.963, P<0.01) and disinfection (χ(2)=14.216, P<0.01) were significantly different. Conclusion: The effective measures to reduce blood-borne occupational exposure are to strengthen occupational protection training of medical staff, standardize operation procedures, strengthen supervision of key groups and departments, improve reporting, monitoring and follow-up systems to realize informatization, and do a good job in risk control.


Subject(s)
Blood-Borne Pathogens , Humans , Medical Staff , Needlestick Injuries , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 707-711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effects of QingxinWendan decoction in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) manic episode.Methods:60 patients with BD manic episode treated in Hunan Brain Hospital from February 2020 to December 2020 were prospectively selected. They were included in the control group and the observation group according to the random alphabet method, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with magnesium valproate sustained-release tablets, and the observation group was treated with Qingxin Wendan decoction combined with magnesium valproate sustained-release tablets. The curative effect was evaluated after 4 weeks of continuous treatment. The degree of mania before and after treatment was evaluated by Beck-Rafaelsen mania scale (BRMS); the cognitive function before and after treatment was evaluated by Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-RC) and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS); The levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), neuron specific enolase (NSE) and amyloid β protein (Aβ) levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before and after treatment. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between serum NSE and Aβ levels and WAIS-RC and WMS scores in the two groups.Results:The curative effect of the observation group was better than that of the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). After treatment, the BRMS scores of the control group and the observation group decreased (all P<0.05), and the BRMS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group ( P<0.05); After treatment, the WAIS-RC and WMS scores of the control group and the observation group increased (all P<0.05), and the WAIS-RC and WMS scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, NSE and Aβ in two groups were decreased (all P<0.05), and the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, NSE and Aβ in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). NSE and Aβ levels were negatively correlated with WAIS-RC and WMS scores (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Magnesium valproate sustained-release tablets combined with Qingxin Wendan decoction in the treatment of patients with BD manic episode were superior to magnesium valproate sustained-release tablets alone in reducing manic score, IL-1β, TNF-α, NSE and Aβ levels, and improving the cognitive function of patients. The use of QingxinWendan decoction on top of valproate extended-release tablet treatment for BD manic episode was superior to treatment with valproate extended-release tablets alone in reducing mania scores, IL-1β, TNF-α, NSE and Aβ levels, as well as improving patients' cognitive function.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 29-34, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of cervical lesions in female patients in the Shihezi region of Xinjiang in the past two years and provide guidance for clinical work and local cervical cancer screening.Methods:The clinicopathological data and characteristics of 1 080 patients with abnormal double screening of human papilloma virus (HPV) and cervical exfoliative cell test (TCT) and vaginal mirror cervical tissue biopsy in the gynecology department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Shihezi University from May 2017 to March 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The influencing factors of cervical lesions were analyzed by logistic regression.Results:(1) Uneducated [odds ratio ( OR)=2.267], irregular vaginal bleeding ( OR=3.275) and number of sexual partners ≥3 ( OR=3.052) were independent risk factors for cervical lesions. (2) Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) was detected most frequently in the 30-39 age group (57.54%), and cervical cancer was detected most frequently in the ≥60 age group (14.15%), followed by the 40-49 age group (2.20%). (3) The proportion of HPV positive and the positive rate of high-risk HPV16/18 in the 40-49 age group were the highest, 33.18% and 39.38% respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in HPV viral load between the different age groups ( P>0.05). (4) The detection rates of CIN3 and cervical cancer were higher in the HPV16/18-positive group than in the HPV-positive and TCT≥atypical squamous epithelial cells of undermined significance (ASC-US) group (18.34% vs 11.33%, 4.30% vs 1.82%), with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05), respectively. The detection rate of CIN2 was higher in the high-load group (28.44%) than in the medium-load group (25.32%) and the low load group (15.79%). (5) The detection rate of CIN3 in the HPV-positive TCT for the ASC-US populations was significantly higher in the HPV16/18-positive group than in the other subtypes of HPV-positive group (21.43% vs 8.33%, P<0.05). Conclusions:During cervical cancer screening in Shihezi region, we should strengthen the publicity of elderly women and uneducated people. CIN and cervical carcinoma in Shihezi region are closely associated with high-risk HPV infection, especially HPV16/18 infection. HPV-positive age is mainly concentrated in the age group of 40-49 years, and the detection rate of CIN and cervical cancer is the highest in the age group of 30-39 years and ≥60 years, respectively. The detection rate of ≥CIN2 in HPV16/18 fraction and high viral load population is higher than that of other HPV subtypes positive and low to medium load populations. How to effectively shunt HPV positive TCT is an important problem in ASC-US population, which needs further research.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its correlation with clinical symptoms in patients with first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients of different genders.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2019, a total of 81 first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients(patient group, 41 male, 40 female) and 64 healthy controls (control group, 40 male, 24 female) were included in this study.The serum level of VEGF was detected with flow cytometric bear array (CBA). Positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the relevant clinical symptoms of patients.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used for comparison between groups.The relationship between VEGF and clinical variables was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results:The level of serum VEGF in the patient group was significantly lower than that in the control group(148.08(75.89, 208.61)pg/mL, 179.94(99.14, 318.41)pg/mL, Z=-2.20, P=0.028). The total PANSS score((82.71±17.30), (73.45±16.36), t=2.473, P=0.016)and cognitive score((7.88±3.36), (6.23±2.81), t=2.402, P=0.019) in male patients were higher than those in female patients.There was a negative correlation between VEGF level and PANSS negative symptom score in the patient group( r=-0.228, P=0.041), as well as significant negtive correlation between VEGF level and cognitive score in male patients( r=-0.425, P=0.007). Conclusion:The level of serum VEGF is reduced in first-episode patients with schizophrenia, which influences their negative symptom. Moreover, the decline in serum VEGF level is implicated in cognitive impairments in male patients with first-episode schizophrenia.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 164-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the water fluoride detection ability of county (city, district) level (referred to as the county-level) laboratories in Qinghai Province.Methods:During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period (2016 - 2020), 4, 4, 4, 43, 43 county-level laboratories in Qinghai Province were organized to participate in the national water fluoride external quality control assessment, and the assessment results were evaluated by Z-ratio scoring method.Results:The response rate of county-level laboratories was 86.05% (37/43) in 2019, and 100.00% in other years. The qualified rate of county-level laboratories was 100.00% from 2016 to 2018; in 2019 and 2020, the assessment was fully covered, and the qualified rate was 81.40% (35/43) and 95.35% (41/43), respectively. Compared with 2019, the response rate and qualified rate in 2020 increased significantly, and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.450, 4.074, P < 0.05). In the past 5 years, two assessment samples│Z│ < 1 in each laboratory were the most common, but with two assessment samples 2≤│Z│ < 3 in some qualified laboratories. Conclusion:The consistency of water fluoride determination in Qinghai Province is not very ideal, and the detection ability of county-level laboratories still needs to be strengthened.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 120-125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To find out the variety, producing area, fluorine content of brick tea in Qinghai Province, and the drinking situation of brick tea among people, so as to provide basis for preventing and curing endemic fluorosis of drinking tea type.Methods:From April to November 2019, according to historical data, in 3 066 administrative villages in 39 counties (cities, districts, hereinafter referred to as counties) in Qinghai Province that had the habit of drinking brick tea, 10 families were randomly selected from each village to investigate the demographic data of each family and the drinking situation of brick tea, to collect brick tea samples to determine the fluorine content, and to calculate the daily average brick tea fluorine intake of the population > 16 years old.Results:A total of 31 067 brick tea samples were collected. The main brick tea consumed by the residents in the whole province was Fu brick tea, accounting for 89.97% (27 952/31 067), followed by Kang brick tea [5.12% (1 592/31 067)], Green brick tea [2.29% (710/31 067)], Black brick tea [1.85% (574/31 067)], and golden tip, mosaic, black wool and other brick tea [0.77% (239/31 067)]. There were 523 brands of brick tea in circulation in the province, among which there were 410 brands produced in Hunan Province, 26 brands in Sichuan Province, 11 brands in Hubei Province, and 76 brands in Henan Province and other provinces. The average content of fluorine in brick tea was 646.1 mg/kg, which ranged from 40.0 to 2 295.0 mg/kg. Brick tea with fluorine content ≤300 mg/kg accounted for 7.80% (2 422/31 067) of all samples. The annual average consumption of brick tea by population > 16 years old was 1.09 (0.35 - 7.40) kg, and the daily average brick tea fluorine intake was 1.93 (0.39 - 18.64) mg. There were 15 counties and 486 administrative villages in which the daily average brick tea fluorine intake exceeded the national standard (3.5 mg).Conclusion:The main brick tea in circulation in Qinghai Province is Fu brick tea, which has high fluorine content and is harmful to people, and prevention and control measures should be taken as soon as possible.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931373

ABSTRACT

Innovative and practical platform safety management is the foundation of the innovation and entrepreneurship for undergraduate students in universities and colleges, which plays a critical role in maintaining the stability of the university and society, and ensuring the safety of teachers and students. In this present paper, the complex situation and problems of innovative and practical platform safety management, such as the imperfect regulations, weak atmosphere, incomplete facilities, unprofessional management, etc., are discussed under the background of "innovation and entrepreneurship" in China. With the combination of the above problems and the actual situation of Chengdu Medical College, the constructions of the regulations, such as access regulation, certification regulation, check regulation, rewards and punishment regulation, responsibility regulation, and a series of standard operating procedures (SOP) have also been carried out. Furthermore, adequate safety education and proper safety drills have been performed during the whole process of safety management. In addition, a diverse and professional management team with putting more emphasis on the development of safety facilities has been formed. In conclusions, the practice and exploration on the safety management of undergraduate students' innovative and practical platform in this paper may provide a theoretical basis and practical value to optimize the safety management in local universities and colleges under the background of "innovation and entrepreneurship" in China.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 143-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931005

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of different sizes of maternal placental chorionic hemangioma (PCH) on neonatal clinical outcome.Methods:February 2013 to December 2020, neonates whose mothers with PCH delivered in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the diameter of PCH, the neonates were assigned into giant PCH group (diameter≥4 cm) and ordinary PCH group (diameter<4 cm). Clinical characteristics and outcomes were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 35 cases were enrolled in the study. 13 cases (37.1%) were male, 12 cases (34.3%) were Cesarean section delivered, 11 cases (31.4%) were premature infants, 12 cases (34.3%) had low birth weight and 12 cases (34.3%) were admitted to NICU, 7 cases (20.0%) had intrauterine distress, cardiac enlargement and abnormal hematological indexes, respectively, 6 cases (17.1%) needed respiratory support; 5 cases (14.2%) had increased amniotic fluid and fetal edema, respectively, 4 cases (11.4%) received blood transfusion, 3 cases (8.5%) had postnatal asphyxia, 2 cases (5.7%) had brain injury and 2 cases (5.7%) had congenital malformation. 15 cases were in the giant PCH group and 20 cases in the ordinary PCH group. Compared with the ordinary PCH group, the giant PCH group had significantly higher incidences of prematurity, low birth weight, increased amniotic fluid, intrauterine distress, NICU hospitalization, fetal edema, cardiac enlargement, respiratory support, abnormal hematological indexes, blood transfusion and mortality ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Maternal complications with giant PCH may significantly increase the risk of neonatal complications, thus perinatal monitoring should be strengthened.【 Key words】Placental chorionic hemangioma; Infant, newborn; Clinical outcome

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940518

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of modified Chaihu Shugansan(CHSG) and its disassembled formulas on angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)-angiotensin (Ⅰ-Ⅶ) [Ang (Ⅰ-Ⅶ)]-mitochondrial assembly receptor (MasR) axis in hyperlipidemic rats with myocardial ischemia and depression, and to explore the underlying mechanism of its prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia and depression. MethodA total of 108 male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a modified CHSG group (11.7 g·kg-1), a Quyu Huatan disassembled formula group (4.05 g·kg-1), a Shugan Xingqi disassembled formula group (3.15 g·kg-1), a Jianpi Yangxue disassembled formula group (4.5 g·kg-1), a fluoxetine group (0.001 8 g·kg-1), a trimetazidine group (0.005 4 g·kg-1), and a simvastatin group (0.001 8 g·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The hyperlipidemia model with myocardial ischemia and depression was induced with a high-fat diet combined with injection of isoproterenol (ISO) and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) in rats in the model group and groups with drug intervention for eight weeks. The rats in each group with drug intervention were treated correspondingly by gavage from the first day of modeling, while those in the normal group and the model group received the same amount of normal saline. The behavioral changes of rats in each group were observed by open field test and forced swimming test. Left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured by echocardiography. The serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were detected by the enzyme-labeled apparatus. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histomorphological changes of the heart. The serum levels of angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ), ACE2, and Ang(Ⅰ-Ⅶ) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein and mRNA expression of ACE2 and MasR in the hippocampus and the heart was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed reduced movement time, distance, and average speed in the central area of the open field (P<0.01), prolonged immobility time of rats in the forced swimming test (P<0.01), decreased LVFS and LVEF (P<0.01), inflammatory exudation and disorderly arranged fiber in heart tissues, elevated serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AngⅡ, ACE2 and Ang(Ⅰ-Ⅶ), diminished HDL-C (P<0.01), dwindled mRNA and protein expression of ACE2 in the hippocampus and the heart and MasR in the hippocampus, and up-regulated mRNA and protein expression of MasR in the heart (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the modified CHSG group displayed increased movement time, distance, and average speed in the center area of the open field (P<0.01), shortened immobility time in the forced swimming test (P<0.01), increased LVFS and LVEF (P<0.01), relieved heart injury, reduced serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AngⅡ, ACE2, and Ang(Ⅰ-Ⅶ), elevated level of HDL-C (P<0.01), up-regulated mRNA and protein expression of ACE2 in the hippocampus and the heart and MasR in the hippocampus, and down-regulated mRNA and protein expression of MasR in the heart (P<0.01). Each disassembled formula could improve the above indexes to a certain extent (P<0.05, P<0.01), but the effect of the whole formula was optimal. ConclusionThe modified CHSG and its disassembled formulas have the effects of resisting depression, improving myocardial injury, and reducing blood lipid. Due to the synergistic effects of stasis-resolving/phlegm-eliminating drugs, liver-smoothing/Qi-moving drugs, and spleen-tonifying/blood-nourishing drugs in the formula, the modified CHSG is superior to each disassembled formula in efficacy. Its mechanism may be related to the activation of the ACE2-Ang (Ⅰ-Ⅶ)-MasR axis.

19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 42-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878234

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the role of short-chain fatty acid butyrate acid on intestinal morphology and function, and atherosclerotic plaque formation in apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , Butyrates/pharmacology , Caco-2 Cells , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Plaque, Atherosclerotic
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 792-799, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878087

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Norepinephrine infusion decreases hypotension after spinal anesthesia during cesarean section. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of norepinephrine infusion and ephedrine bolus against post-spinal hypotension in parturients.@*METHODS@#In this double-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial, parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomly allocated to receive norepinephrine infusion (0.05 μg·kg-1·min-1) just before spinal anesthesia continuing for 30 min or ephedrine bolus (0.15 mg/kg) just before spinal anesthesia. A rescue bolus (5 μg norepinephrine for the norepinephrine group, and 5 mg ephedrine for the ephedrine group) was administered whenever hypotension occurred. Our primary outcome was the incidence of hypotension within 30 min of spinal anesthesia administration. Secondary outcomes included maternal and neonatal outcomes 30 min after spinal block, and neonatal cerebral oxygenation 10 min after birth.@*RESULTS@#In total, 190 patients were enrolled; of these patients, 177 were included in the final analysis. Fewer patients suffered hypotension in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (29.5% vs. 44.9%, odds ratio [OR]: 0.51, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.28-0.95, P = 0.034). Moreover, the tachycardia frequency was lower in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.11-0.44, P < 0.001), and patients suffered less nausea and vomiting (OR: 0.28, 95% CI: 0.11-0.70, P = 0.004). There was no difference in Apgar scores and umbilical arterial blood gas analysis between the two groups. However, neonatal cerebral regional saturations were significantly higher after birth in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (mean difference: 2.0%, 95% CI: 0.55%-3.45%, P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia, norepinephrine infusion compared to ephedrine bolus resulted in less hypotension and tachycardia, and exhibited potential neonatal benefits.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02542748; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02542748.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Hypotension/prevention & control , Infant, Newborn , Phenylephrine , Pregnancy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
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