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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).@*METHODS@#Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively. The first set consisted of Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guilai (ST 29), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Hegu (LI4) and Baihui (GV 20), and the second set consisted of Tianshu (ST 25), ST 29, CV 3, CV 6, SP 6, Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC) 6 and GV 20. Patients in the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods through EA without electricity at 4 non-meridian points in each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin release test, glucose and lipid metabolism indicators such as total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, adiponectin, leptin, visfatin, resistin, and interleukin (IL-6).@*RESULTS@#Twenty-six subjects in the true acupuncture group and 20 subjects in the sham group completed the clinical trial. After 16 weeks of treatment, no significant difference in the outcome measures were observed between the two groups (P>0.05). However, as compared with baseline data, a reduction in weight, BMI, hipline, WHR, fasting glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity, visfatin and HDL-C, and an increase in resistin and IL-6 were observed in the true acupuncture group (P<0.05). In addition, a reduction in visfatin and an increase in TC were also observed in the sham group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of PCOS by improving glucose and lipid metabolism. Moreover, the sham acupuncture may be not completely ineffective. Sham acupuncture may improve some of the aspects of the glucose and lipid metabolism of PCOS patients through a placebo effect. (Registration Nos. ChiCTR-TRC-12002529 and NCT01812161).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Female , Glucose , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/therapy , Single Person
2.
Mycobiology ; : 267-274, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902757

ABSTRACT

Two Diaporthe species isolated from fruit of Citrus sinensis in China were characterized based on morphology and multilocus phylogeny of ITS, tef1, and tub2 gene sequences. The phylogeny indicated that the two species match Diaporthe taoicola and D. siamensis. A critical examination of phenotypic characteristics confirmed the phylogenetic results. Diaporthe taoicola was morphologically characterized by producing Alpha conidia with tapering toward both ends. Meanwhile, D. siamensis produced cylindrical or ellipsoidal Alpha conidia with two oil drops. Pathogenicity tests revealed that both species were pathogenic to fruit of C. sinensis. To our knowledge, the two species were firstly reported on Citrus sinensis in China.

3.
Mycobiology ; : 267-274, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895053

ABSTRACT

Two Diaporthe species isolated from fruit of Citrus sinensis in China were characterized based on morphology and multilocus phylogeny of ITS, tef1, and tub2 gene sequences. The phylogeny indicated that the two species match Diaporthe taoicola and D. siamensis. A critical examination of phenotypic characteristics confirmed the phylogenetic results. Diaporthe taoicola was morphologically characterized by producing Alpha conidia with tapering toward both ends. Meanwhile, D. siamensis produced cylindrical or ellipsoidal Alpha conidia with two oil drops. Pathogenicity tests revealed that both species were pathogenic to fruit of C. sinensis. To our knowledge, the two species were firstly reported on Citrus sinensis in China.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888781

ABSTRACT

In this study, three new germacranolide sesquiterpenes (1-3), together with six related known analogues (4-9) were isolated from the whole plant of Carpesium cernuum. Their structures were established by a combination of extensive NMR spectroscopic analysis, HR-ESIMS data, and ECD calculations. The anti-leukemia activities of all compounds towards three cell lines (HEL, KG-1a, and K562) were evaluated in vitro. Compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity with IC


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Asteraceae/chemistry , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Humans , K562 Cells , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes, Germacrane/pharmacology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the scientificity and feasibility of processing of Pinelliae Rhizoma by hot water washing (Tangxi), and to provide reference for the development of related famous classical formulas. Method:Processing method of Pinelliae Rhizoma washed by hot water was established based on ancient Tangxi processing method, and the process conditions were optimized by single factor tests. The weight, moisture, ash, extract, total acid (calculated by succinic acid) contents and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of Pinelliae Rhizoma were compared before and after processing. In addition, the rabbit eye irritation test was conducted to evaluate the toxicity changes. Result:The processing method of Pinelliae Rhizoma washed by hot water was as following:washed by 4 times the amount of hot water at 80 ℃ for 10 times until clear water, transfused cross-section after incision, no or slight numbness in the mouth. The average moisture, ash, extract contents of Pinelliae Rhizoma washed by hot water were 9.34%, 1.71% and 4.22%, respectively. After being processed, the decline rates of weight and total acid content of Pinelliae Rhizoma were 7.49% and 43.31%. The HPLC fingerprint of Pinelliae Rhizoma before and after washing showed a decrease in all components, but there was no new chromatographic peak, and peak 9 (adenosine) reduced significantly. The results of rabbit eye irritation test showed that there was no obvious eye conjunctival irritation after washing, indicating that the toxicity of Pinelliae Rhizoma decreased obviously after washing. Conclusion:The established method of Pinelliae Rhizoma by Tangxi processing is stable and feasible, the aqueous extract of Pinelliae Rhizoma has no obvious eye conjunctival irritation after washing.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba on the proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the expression of interleukin-6(IL-6), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (Akt), p-protein kinase B (p-Akt), mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), hypoxia-inducible factor-1<italic>α </italic>(HIF-1<italic>α</italic>), and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> at the cellular level, and to explore their molecular mechanism. Method:Following the set-up of the blank group (complete medium), low-, moderate-,and high-dose (20, 40, and 60 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba groups, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose (5, 10, and 20 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) cisplatin groups, the cell were treated with the corresponding drugs for 24, 48, and 72 h for detecting their viability by tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetry. A549 cells were then divided into the blank group, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba group, cisplatin group, and combined medication group and intervened with the<sup> </sup>complete medium, 40 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba, 10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> cisplatin, and 40 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba + 10 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>cisplatin, respectively, for 24, 48 and 72 h, followed by the measurement of inhibitory effects against the proliferation of A549 cells in each experimental group. The level of IL-6 in cell culture supernatant was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) after 72 h. The mRNA expression levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each group were assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> by Western blot. Result:After 24 h intervention, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba did not significantly inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells. However, 48 h later, the inhibitory effect in Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba groups were significantly enhanced in comparison with that in the blank group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), exhibiting a time-dependent response. After 72 h of action, no significant change was present in the inhibitory effect of each Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba group, so the optimal concentration of Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba was set at 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> for follow-up experiments. As demonstrated by the comparison with the blank group, cisplatin at each concentration inhibited the cell proliferation in a time-dependent manner (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Considering the cell survival rate, the best concentration of cisplatin was set at 10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>. Compared with the blank group, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba combined with cisplatin remarkably inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a time-dependent manner (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), and the differences between the combined medication group and the other two groups became more significant after 72 h of medication (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The IL-6 level in each experimental group, especially in the combined medication group, significantly declined in contrast to that in the blank group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The mRNA expression levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in all experimental groups were obviously lower than those in the blank group, with the most significant changes observed in the combined medication group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt, mTOR, HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each experimental group was significantly down-regulated(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels in the combined medication group were even lower than those in the cisplatin group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba has an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of A549 cells, which may be related to its inhibition against the expression and secretion of IL-6/PI3K/Akt/mTOR-HIF-1<italic>α</italic> axis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of low-to-moderate dose glucocorticoid therapy on viral clearance in patients with COVID-19.Methods:A total of 72 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from January 19 to February 17, 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were recruited. All patients received oral arbidol and combination of lopinavir/ritonavir or darunavir/cobistitat for antiviral therapy, and symptomatic supportive care. Among them, 51 patients received methylprednisolone (0.75-1.50 mg·kg -1·d -1) (glucocorticoid treatment group), and 21 patients did not use glucocorticoid (control group). The time of virologic negative conversion in sputum and the time of radiologic recovery in lung since onset were compared between the two groups. The Kruskal-Wallis test or Fisher exact test was used to compare the difference between groups. Results:The median ages of the glucocorticoid group and the control group were 52 (45, 62) and 46 (32, 56) years ( χ2=4.365, P<0.05). The clinical conditions at hospital admission were different between the two groups ( P<0.01). The severe cases accounted for 52.0%, while moderate cases in the control group accounted for 71.4%. The median times from the onset to virologic negative conversion in the two groups were 15 (13, 20) and 14 (12, 20) days ( P>0.05). The median times from onset to radiologic recovery were 13 (11, 15) and 13 (12, 17) days in the two groups ( P>0.05). In moderate cases, the median times from the onset to virologic conversion in sputum were 13 (11, 18) days in the glucocorticoid group and 13 (12, 15) days in the control group ( P>0.05). The median times from onset to radiologic recovery in lung were 12 (10, 15) and 13 (12, 17) days, respectively ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Low-to-moderate glucocorticoid treatment has no effect on the time of virus clearance in patients with different clinical types of COVID-19, and also no effect on accelerating radiologic recovery in lung, so it is not recommended.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811496

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effect of low-to-moderate dose glucocorticoid therapy on viral clearance time in patients with COVID-19.@*Methods@#A total of 72 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from January 19 to February 17, 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University were recruited. All patients received oral abidol and/or combined lopinavir/ritonavir, darunavir antiviral, and symptomatic supportive care. Among them, 51 patients received methylprednisolone (0.75-1.50 mg·kg-1·d-1) (glucocorticoid treatment group), and 21 patients who did not use glucocorticoid were the control group. The time of stable virologic conversion insputumand the time of radiologic recovery in lungsince onset were compared between the two groups and among the normal patients.The Kruskal-Wallis test or Fisher exact test was used to compare the difference between groups.@*Results@#The median ages of the glucocorticoid group and the control group were 52 [interquartile range (IQR):45, 62] years and 46 (IQR: 32, 56)years, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). The clinical conditions at hospital admission were different between the two groups (P<0.01). There were 52.0% critical ill patients in the glucocorticoid treatment group, compared to that of 71.4% normal patients in the control group. The median times from the onset tostable virologic conversion to negative in the two groups were 15 (IQR:13,20) days and 14 (IQR:12,20) days (P>0.05), and the difference was no statistically significant. The median times from onset to radiologic recovery were 13 (IQR: 11,15) days and 13 (IQR:12,17) days in the two groups, and there was no difference (P>0.05). In ordinary patients, the median timesfrom the onset tostable virologic conversion insputum were no difference (P>0.05), with 13 (IQR:11,18) days in the glucocorticoid group and 13 (IQR:12,15) days in the control group; The median times from onset to radiologic recovery in lungwere also no difference (P>0.05), with 12 (IQR: 10,15)days in the glucocorticoid group and 13 (IQR: 12,17) days inthe control group.@*Conclusions@#Low-to-moderate glucocorticoid treatment has no effect on the time of virus clearance in patients with different clinical types of COVID-19. The glucocorticoid is not recommended since no effectiveness on accelerating the improvement of radiologic recovery in lung has been observed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872017

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the quality management of project completion,improve the quality of scientific research outcomes,as well as promote the sustainable development of medical science and technology.Methods Based on the statistical analysis of the completion and postponement of the 2016-2018 provincial basic research projects in a medical school,explored the potential factors of project postponement.Identified possible problems in project execution and management,and furtherly,proposed effective countermeasures and suggestions for improvement.Results The main factors identified causing the postponement of project completion include the technique bottleneck of the experiment,unsatisfied research outcomes,long term of manuscript review,not well organized process management and so on.To deal with those problems,proposals including enhancing the publicity and education,optimizing the incentive system,reinforcing the whole process management,improving the multi-level management and strengthening the construction of scientific research integrity were put forward.Conclusions The quality management of project completion requires an improvement in the delicacy management of scientific research projects and a more comprehensive enhancement in cognition,rules and regulations,management means and scientific research integrity construction.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 165-173, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781582

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Andersson lesions (ALs), also known as spondylodiscities, destructive vertebral lesions and spinal pseudarthrosis, usually occur in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Inflammatory and traumatic causes have been proposed to define this lesion. Different surgical approaches including anterior, posterior, and combined anterior and posterior procedure have been used to address the complications, consisting of mechanical pain, kyphotic deformity, and neurologic deficits. However, the preferred surgical procedure remains controversial. The aim of this study was to illustrate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of a modified posterior wedge osteotomy for the ALs with kyphotic deformity in AS.@*METHODS@#From June 2008 to January 2013, 23 patients (18 males, 5 females) at an average age of 44.8 years (range 25-69 years) were surgically treated for thoracolumbar kyphosis with ALs in AS via a modified posterior wedge osteotomy in our department. All sagittal balance parameters were assessed by standing lateral radiography of the whole spine before surgery and during the follow-up period. Assessment of radiologic fusion at follow-up was based on the Bridwell interbody fusion grading system. Ankylosing spondylitis quality of life (ASQoL) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores were performed to evaluate improvements in daily life function and back pain pre-operatively and post-operatively. Paired t tests were used to compare clinical data change in parametric values before and after surgery and the Mann-Whitney U test was employed for non-parametric comparisons. The radiographic data change was evaluated by repeated measure analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#The mean operative duration was 205.4 min (range 115-375 min), with an average blood loss of 488.5 mL (range 215-880 mL). Radiographical and clinical outcomes were assessed after a mean of 61.4 months of follow-up. The VAS back pain and ASQoL scores improved significantly in all patients (7.52 ± 1.31 vs. 1.70 ± 0.70, t = 18.30, P  0.05, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified posterior wedge osteotomy is an accepted surgical procedure for treating thoracolumbar kyphosis with ALs in AS and results in satisfactory local kyphosis correction, solid fusion, and good clinical outcomes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore and compare the safety depths of perpendicular and oblique acupuncture at Yamen (GV 15) in patients with atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) and healthy volunteers.@*METHODS@#One bundred and seventy-seven patients with atlantoaxial dislocation were selected as an AAD group, and 207 patients without atlantoaxial dislocation and with normal anatomical structure were selected as a normal group. All participants were moderately sized. The MRI scanning of the cervical vertebra was performed, and the safety depth of perpendicular and oblique acupuncture at Yamen (GV 15) was calculated on the sagittal image.@*RESULTS@#In the AAD group, the safety depth of men was (45.33±5.17) mm for perpendicular acupuncture and (48.58±4.41) mm for oblique acupuncture; the safety depth of women was (44.17±7.80) mm for perpendicular acupuncture and (47.49±7.32) mm for oblique acupuncture. In the normal group, the safety depth of men was (47.72±5.06) mm for perpendicular acupuncture and (42.69±5.53) mm for oblique acupuncture; the safety depth of women was (44.63±5.85) mm for perpendicular acupuncture and (39.88±6.18) mm for oblique acupuncture. The safety depth of men and women for oblique acupuncture was longer than that for perpendicular acupuncture in the AAD group (0.05); the safety depth of perpendicular and oblique acupuncture for men was longer than that for women in the normal group (0.05), while the safety depth of oblique acupuncture in the AAD group was longer than that in the normal group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The safe depth of acupuncture at Yamen (GV 15) has significantly changed under AAD, so during the clinical acupuncture the needle insertion should be less than its safe depth.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cervical Vertebrae , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Therapeutics , Male , Neck Injuries , Therapeutics , Needles
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772282

ABSTRACT

Proteases are important molecules that are involved in many physiological and pathological processes of the human body, such as growth, apoptosis and metastasis cancer cells. They are potential targets in cancer diagnosis and biotherapy. In this study, we analyzed the salivary protease spectrum of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), oral benign masses and chronic periodontitis, as well as that of health, using human protease array kits, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, western blot and immunofluorescence. The salivary protease spectrum was found to be associated with oral diseases. For example, the saliva of patients with OSCC contained increased numbers of proteases than those of other oral diseases and health. The levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-2, MMP-10, MMP-12, A disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM)9, A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 13 motifs (ADAMST13), cathepsin V and kallikrein 5 in the saliva of patients with OSCC were significantly increased compared with those of other groups. Taking MMP-1, cathepsin V, kallikrein 5 and ADAM9 as biomarkers of OSCC, cutoff values were199, 11.34, 9.29 and 202.55 pg·mL, respectively. From the area under the curve, sensitivity and specificity, the combination of cathepsin V/kallikrein5/ADAM9 was an optimal biomarker for diagnosing OSCC. Thus, analysis of the salivary protease spectrum may be an innovative and cost-efficient approach to evaluating the health status of the oral cavity. Specifically, increases in cathepsin V, kallikrein 5 and ADAM9 may be useful biomarkers in the screening and diagnosis of OSCC.


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Membrane Proteins , Mouth Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Saliva , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802535

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the removal effect of 5 kinds of common flocculants on 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids in processing wastewater of Aconiti Radix. Method: HPLC was employed to determine contents of 6 kinds of alkaloids in the processing wastewater of Aconiti Radix before and after flocculation.The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran(25:15)-0.1 mol·L-1 ammonium acetate solution(each 1 L contains 0.5 mL of glacial acetic acid) for gradient elution, volume flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, detection wavelength was 235 nm.The removal characteristics and effects of five common flocculants of ferric chloride, aluminum sulfate, polymeric ferric sulfate, polyaluminum chloride/polyacrylamide(PAC/PAM) and sodium polyacrylate were compared and preliminarily optimized. Result: The 5 kinds of flocculants had certain selectivity for different types of alkaloids, and the removal of 6 kinds of alkaloids showed obvious differences.Among them, the PAC/PAM attenuated relative superiority, when the pH 6, adding amount of 0.25 g·L-1 and PAC-PAM dosing ratio of 30:1, comprehensive removal effect was relatively good, removal rates of mesaconitine and hypaconitine was 85.4%and 58.3%, respectively. Conclusion: The flocculation method can be used as a pretreatment process to reduce the toxicity of processing wastewater of Aconiti Radix.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802107

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the recovery technology for 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids in the toxic wastewater from processing of Aconiti Radix with macroporous resin. Method:With the rates of adsorption and elution of benzoylmesaconine,benzoylaconine,benzoylhypaconine,mesaconitine,hypaconitine and aconitine as indexes,static and dynamic adsorption-elution tests were used to select the best one from 15 kinds of macroporous resin,and the recovery technology parameters of six toxic alkaloids in the wastewater from processing of Aconiti Radix were optimized. Result:D101 macroporous resin had a good adsorption and elution effect on 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids in the wastewater from processing of Aconiti Radix,its optimum technology conditions were as follows:each gram of macroporous resin could be used to treat processing wastewater from 4.3 g of Aconiti Radix,the sample loading speed was not higher than 3.0 mL·min-1,the resin column was eluted with 6 BV of 70% ethanol after removing impurities with 2 BV of water.The recoveries of benzoylmesaconine,benzoylaconine,benzoylhypaconine,mesaconitine, hypaconitine and aconitine were 98.03%,94.09%,96.53%,78.15%,85.40% and 70.57%,respectively. Conclusion:D101 macroporous resin can be used for detoxification treatment of processing wastewater of Aconiti Radix,at the same time,6 kinds of alkaloids are effectively recovered,which can solve the environmental problems and create certain economic benefits,and the optimized process conditions are stable and feasible.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibilily of screening and identifying the red blood cell type alloantibodies by means of surface plasman resonance(SPR) technique so as to provide a new method for detecting the transfusion compatibility of red blood cells.@*METHODS@#The RBC antigens for screening the alloantibody were fixed on the SPR chip surface by means of amino coupling method; the analysis conditions of SPR chip were optimized and then the control serum with RBC blood group antibody positive was detected; the performance of SPR chip for detection of serum was analysed; the consistance of rusults detected by SPR technique and microcolum agglutination for clinieal samples of 129 thalasstmia patients with history of lone-term blood transfusion were compared; at the same time, the blood group amtibodies in 7 patients with blood group antibody positive were identified before blood transfusion by using SPR chip so as to select the RBC antigen compatible blood for transfusion; and the efficacy of RBC transfusion was followed up and evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The repeatability, sensitivity and specificity of SPR chip technique for detecting the blood group alloantibodies all were better. The SPR technique and microcolumn agglutination method were not significant different for screening blood group alloantibodies (χ2 = 0.333, P>0.05), and the overall consistency was 97.2%; the results of SPR technique in 7 patients with positive blood group antibodies were as follows: 3 cases with anti-E, 1 case anti-M, 1 case anti-C, 1 case anti-Jka and 1 case autoantibody, which were consistent with the results of microcolumn agglutination tests, and the compatible red blood cells were selected for transfusion, of which the infusion of 6 cases was effective. In only 1 case the infusion was ineffective because of autoantibody.@*CONCLUSION@#For screening and identification of blood group alloantibodies, the performance of SPR chip technique is equivalent to the micro-column agglutination, but the procedure of SPR technique is simpler, faster and high-throughput and label-free, which can meet the basic requirements for rapid screening and identification of blood group alloantibodies before transfusion of red blood cells.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Humans , Isoantibodies , Surface Plasmon Resonance
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the risk angle and safety angle of needling Yamen (GV 15) between the atlanto-axial dislocation (AAD) patients and healthy subjects. Methods: A total of 177 AAD patients diagnosed and treated at the Center of Upper Cervical Vertebra of Beijing China-Japan Friendship Hospital between January 2010 and January 2018 were included in the AAD group. Another 207 healthy subjects were included in the normal group. There were totally 191 males and 193 females. The MRI scan was performed for the cervical vertebrae to measure the risk angle and safety angle of acupuncture at Yamen (GV 15) on the sagittal image. Results: In the AAD group, the risk angle was (13.14±3.99)° and the relative safety angle was (10.31±3.23)° for the perpendicular needling, while the oblique needling risk angle was (9.09±3.09)° for the male; the risk angle was (12.12±2.74)° and the relative safety angle was (10.56±2.09)° for the perpendicular needling, while the oblique needling risk angle was (9.70±2.95)° for the female. In the normal group, the risk angle was (7.89±1.59)° and the relative safety angle was (10.21±3.55)° for the perpendicular needling, while the oblique needling risk angle was (16.07±1.77)° for the male; the risk angle was (6.93±1.45)° and the relative safety angle was (10.70±2.94)° for the perpendicular needling, while the oblique needling risk angle was (14.89±2.18)° for the female. The perpendicular needling risk angles for the males and females in the AAD group were larger than those in the normal group, and the differences were statistically significant (bothP<0.01); for the inner-group comparison, there was no significant difference in the perpendicular needling risk angle between the male and the female in the AAD group (P>0.05); however, the perpendicular needling risk angle for the male was larger than the female, and the difference was statistically significant in the normal group (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the relative safety angle for both the male and the female between the AAD group and the normal group (bothP>0.05). For the inner-group comparison, there was no significant difference in the relative safety angle between the male and the female (P>0.05). The oblique needling risk angles for both the males and females were smaller in the AAD group than those in the normal group, and the differences were statistically significant (bothP<0.01); the oblique needling risk angle for the male was not significantly different from that for the female in the AAD group (P>0.05); in the normal group, the oblique needling risk angle for the male was larger than that for the female, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusion: Under the AAD condition, the risk angle and safety angle of acupuncture at Yamen (GV 15) change significantly, perpendicular needling should be better if performed slightly lower than the horizontal direction, and the oblique needling should be safer across the occipital foramen toward the occipital bone.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773578

ABSTRACT

In the present study, four new sesquiterpenoids, chimonols A-D (compounds 1-4), together with four known compounds (5-8) were isolated from the EtOAc extract of Chimonanthus praecox Link. The structures of these new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, MS, and 1D and 2D NMR), and their absolute configurations were established by comparing experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-8 were evaluated for antimicrobial activities and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by the broth microdilution method in 96-well culture plates. Compounds 1, 2, and 7 exhibited weak antibacterial effects for S. aureus (ATCC 6538), E. coli (ATCC 11775), and P. aeruginosa (ATCC 10145) with MIC values being 158-249 µg·mL. Compounds 3-7 showed activities against C. glabrata (ATCC 2001) and S. aureus (ATCC 43300) with MIC values being 128-197 µg·mL. Compounds 1-4 showed activity against S. aureus (ATCC 25923) with MIC values being 162-254 µg·mL. The present study provided a basis for future evaluation of these compounds as antibacterial agents.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Calycanthaceae , Chemistry , Escherichia coli , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Staphylococcus aureus
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259793

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical effect between spinal card decompression combined with traditional Chinese medicine and simple spinal card decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2012 to June 2015, 73 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated, including 42 males and 31 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with a mean of 50.9 years old. The patients were divided into the simple operation group (34 cases) and the operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group(39 cases) according to the idea of themselves. The anterior discectomy or subtotal corpectomy with internal fixation or posterior simple open-door decompression with lateral mass screw fixation were performed in the patients. Among them, 39 cases were treated with traditional Chinese medicine after surgery. The Japanese orthopedic association (JOA) score of spinal cord function, the improvement rate of neural function, the neck dysfunction index (NDI) score and the governor vessel stasis syndrome score were compared between two groups preoperative and postoperative 1 week, 1 month and the final follow-up respectively. The internal fixation and the condition of spinal cord decompression were observed by CT, MRI and X-rays before and after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were successful, no injuries such as dura mater, spinal cord and nerve root were found. All the wounds were healed without infection except one patient had a superficial infection. It was solved after intermittent debridement and anti-infective therapy. Hematoma occurred in 1 case, complicated with spinal cord compression, caused incomplete paralysis, and promptly performed the re-operation to remove the hematoma without any obvious sequelae. All the patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months, (14.6±0.8) months for simple operation group and (13.5±0.7) months for operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group, and there was no significant difference(>0.05). The scores of JOA, NDI and the governor's vessel stasis syndrome in simple operation group were 8.31±3.15, 29.91±4.52, 6.58±1.31 before operation, and 10.21±2.58, 18.67±4.31, 8.24±1.18 one week after operation, and 11.38±2.85, 16.11±3.18, 8.91±2.11 one month after operation, and 12.21±3.12, 14.61±3.28, 9.12±1.56 at final follow-up, respectively; and in operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group were 8.29±3.47, 30.83±4.14, 6.38±1.81before operation, and 10.48±2.39, 17.59±5.14, 8.33±1.57 one week after operation, and 12.14±3.12, 13.14±3.21, 9.55±2.49 one month after operation, and 13.85±3.34, 12.11±2.51, 10.33±1.95 at final follow-up, respectively. Postoperative JOA , NDI, and the governor vessel stasis syndrome score of two groups were significantly higher than preoperativee(<0.05). There was no significant difference in JOA, NDI, and the governor vessel stasis syndrome score between two groups one week after operation (>0.05). The above items in operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group was better than that of simple operation group one month and final follow-up after operation (<0.05). The improvement rate of neural function in simple operation group was (67.59±10.78)%, and in operation combined traditional Chinese medicine group was (66.88±12.15)%, there was no significant difference between two groups(>0.05). There were no complications such as internal fixation failure or re-dislocation of atlas by postoperative CT, MRI and X-rays examination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Spinal card decompression for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy can extend the spinal canal, relieve the compression of nerve, achieve the deoppilation of governor vessel, the regulation of qi and blood, the restore of Yangqi, combined with traditional Chinese medicine of activating blood removing stasis, warming yang and activating meridians, reinforcing liver benefiting kidney, which may obtain better clinical effect.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect and underlying mechanism of decompression(DE)combined with Governor Vessel(GV)electro-acupuncture(EA) on rats with acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty SPF rats were randomly divided into 5 groups(control group A, B and experiment group C, D, E), 6 rats in each group. The model of acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury were made by forcing a balloon catheter put in atlas pillow clearance. The group A was blank one, the group B put balloon catheter in atlas pillow clearance without forcing, and the group C, D, E sustained compressed for 48 h. The group C received electric acupuncture intervention, selecting the Baihui and Dazhui point, having the continuous wave and frequency of 2 Hz, with the treatment time of 15 min and continuous treatment for 14 d; the group D received methylprednisolone intervention, injected by caudal vein; the group E did not received any intervention again. The arterial blood and injured spinal cord tissue of all the rats were obtained after 14 days' treatment, and BBB score was used to evaluate the change of each group hind limbs motor function, the contents of platelet activating factor(PAF) in injured spinal cord tissue and blood serum were assess by ELISA method; the Caspase-9 expression for each group after 14 days' treatment was assess by Western blot method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BBB scores were(21.000±0.000) points at the 6 time points, that was, 1 h, 48 h after forcing in control group, 24 h, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d after treating in experiment group; the score of experimental groups (group C, D, E) were always lower than control groups(group A, B); compared with group E, group C and D were significantly higher(<0.05); and there was no significant difference between group C and group D(>0.05). The results of PAF by ELISA method to measure:the concentration of serum PAF, there was no statistical difference among group A, B, D, E (>0.05), group C was lower than the other groups (<0.05); the concentration of tissue PAF, there was no significant difference between group A and group B(>0.05), group D was significantly higher than that of group A, B, and C(<0.05), group E was the highest one than that of the other groups(<0.05). Western blot med tests showed that the Caspase-9 protein expression in group A and B was similar (>0.05), group C was higher than that of group A and B(<0.05), group D was higher than group A, B and C(<0.05), group E was the highest than that of group A, B, C and D (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Decompression and Governor Vessel electro-acupuncture on acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury had a better effect compare with decompression and methylprednisolone or simple decompression only, its mechanism may be related to lower the PAF levels and downregulating Caspase-9 protein expression in spinal injury tissue.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259766

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and mechanism of Buyanghuanwu decoction on platelet activating factor expression in spinal cord tissue of model of acute upper cervical spinal cord injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty SPF grade 3-month-old female Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, methylprednisolone group and Buyanghuanwu decoction (Traditional Chinese Medicine group, TCM), with 15 rats in each group. The first day after the modeling, the methylprednisolone group were treated by injection of the tail vein for a total of 24 h, the first dose of 30 mg/kg, followed by a dose of 5.4 mg/kg·h, and 1 time per 4 h. The traditional Chinese medicine group was prepared with a medium dose of Buyanghuanwu decoction granules which were prepared into a solution containing 2 g/ml of granules, 3.5 g/kg per day gavage, was equivalent to 1 time the amount of adult consumption. The model group and the sham operation group were given equal volume of normal saline for 2 times a day for 2 weeks. The recovery of nerve function was evaluated by BBB classification at 1, 3, 7, 14 days after treatment. The expression of PAF in the segment of spinal cord injury was detected by double antibody sandwich (ELISA) method at 1, 7, and 14 d postoperatively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the first day after treatment, BBB score in model, TCM and methylprednisolone groups were lower than that of sham operation group(<0.01), but there was no difference among the three groups(>0.05). At 7, 14 days afer treatment, BBB score in TCM and methylprednisolone groups were higher than that of model group significantly(<0.01); but there were no significant difference between TCM group and methylprednisolone group(>0.05). PAF expression in TCM group and methylprednisolone group were lower than that of model group at 7, 14 day afer treatment significantly (<0.05); but there were no significant difference between TCM group and methylprednisolone group (>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Buyanghuanwu decoction treatment after acute upper cervical spinal cord injury can significantly improve locomotor recovery by inhibiting the expression of PAF.</p>

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