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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 723-728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986201

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the combined effects of patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 (C > G) and uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) rs10929303 (C > T) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children and adolescents so as to provide scientific evidence for NAFLD genetic research. Methods: 1 027 children and adolescents aged 7-18 were selected as the research subjects. The general situation, past medical history, height and body weight measurements, and B- mode ultrasound test of the liver were investigated by dedicated full-time personnel. In addition, the morning fasting venous blood was collected to measure the blood biochemical indicators. DNA was extracted and genotyped for PNPLA3 rs738409 and UGT1A1 rs10929303. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association and combined effect of the two gene polymorphisms and NAFLD. Statistical analysis was performed by t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, or c2 test according to different data. Results: The GG genotype of PNPLA3 rs738409 and the CC genotype of UGT1A1 rs10929303 were associated with an increased risk of developing NAFLD in children by 89% (OR = 1.89, 95% CI: 1.11-3.23, P = 0.019) and 96% (OR = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.21-3.17, P = 0.006), respectively, while the concurrent risk of NAFLD in those who carried the above two genotypes increased by 306% compared with those who did not carry both genotypes (OR = 4.06, 95% CI: 1.90 ~ 8.66, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The combined effect of PNPLA3 and UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms can significantly increase the risk of NAFLD in children, providing new evidence for elucidating the genetic susceptibility to NAFLD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 94-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970719

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Liangge Powder against sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) . Methods: From April to December 2021, the key components of Liangge Powder and its targets against sepsis-induced ALI were analyzed by network pharmacology, and to enrich for relevant signaling pathways. A total of 90 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to sham-operated group, sepsis-induced ALI model group (model group), Liangge Powder low, medium and high dose group, ten rats in the sham-operated group and 20 rats in each of the remaining four groups. Sepsis-induced ALI model was established by cecal ligation and puncture. Sham-operated group: gavage with 2 ml saline and no surgical treatment. Model group: surgery was performed and 2 ml saline was gavaged. Liangge Powder low, medium and high dose groups: surgery and gavage of Liangge Powder 3.9, 7.8 and 15.6 g/kg, respectively. To measure the wet/dry mass ratio of rats lung tissue and evaluate the permeability of alveolar capillary barrier. Lung tissue were stained with hematoxylin and eosin for histomorphological analysis. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL) -6 and IL-1β in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relative protein expression levels of p-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), p-protein kinase B (AKT), and p-ertracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) were detected via Western blot analysis. Results: Network pharmacology analysis indicated that 177 active compounds of Liangge Powder were selected. A total of 88 potential targets of Liangge Powder on sepsis-induced ALI were identified. 354 GO terms of Liangge Powder on sepsis-induced ALI and 108 pathways were identified using GO and KEGG analysis. PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was recognized to play an important role for Liangge Powder against sepsis-induced ALI. Compared with the sham-operated group, the lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio of rats in the model group (6.35±0.95) was increased (P<0.001). HE staining showed the destruction of normal structure of lung tissue. The levels of IL-6 [ (392.36±66.83) pg/ml], IL-1β [ (137.11±26.83) pg/ml] and TNF-α [ (238.34±59.36) pg/ml] were increased in the BALF (P<0.001, =0.001, <0.001), and the expression levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-ERK1/2 proteins (1.04±0.15, 0.51±0.04, 2.31±0.41) were increased in lung tissue (P=0.002, 0.003, 0.005). The lung histopathological changes were reduced in each dose group of Liangge Powder compared with the model group. Compared with the model group, the wet/dry weight ratio of lung tissue (4.29±1.26) was reduced in the Liangge Powder medium dose group (P=0.019). TNF-α level [ (147.85±39.05) pg/ml] was reduced (P=0.022), and the relative protein expression levels of p-PI3K (0.37±0.18) and p-ERK1/2 (1.36±0.07) were reduced (P=0.008, 0.017). The wet/dry weight ratio of lung tissue (4.16±0.66) was reduced in the high-dose group (P=0.003). Levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α[ (187.98±53.28) pg/ml, (92.45±25.39) pg/ml, (129.77±55.94) pg/ml] were reduced (P=0.001, 0.027, 0.018), and relative protein expression levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-ERK1/2 (0.65±0.05, 0.31±0.08, 1.30±0.12) were reduced (P=0.013, 0.018, 0.015) . Conclusion: Liangge Powder has therapeutic effects in rats with sepsis-induced ALI, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT pathway activation in lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Powders , Animal Experimentation , Interleukin-6 , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Network Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 589-592, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982100

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow microenvironment is a highly complex environment surrounding tumor, which plays an important role in the survival, proliferation, drug resistance and migration of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. As an important cellular component in tumor microenvironment, tumor-associated macrophages(TAM) has attracted attention due to its key role in tumor progression and drug resistance. Targeting TAM has shown potential therapeutic value in cancer treatment. In order to clarify the role of macrophages in MM progression, it is necessary to understand the differentiation of TAM and its characteristics of promoting MM. This paper reviews the research progress on how TAM is programmed in MM and the mechanism of TAM promoting tumor development and drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Tumor-Associated Macrophages , Macrophages/pathology , Cell Differentiation , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution of bone marrow lymphocyte subsets in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome(MDS),the proportion of activated T cells with immunophenotype CD3+HLA-DR+ in the lymphocytes and its clinical significance, and to understand the effects of different types of MDS, different immunophenotypes, and different expression levels of WT1 on the proportion of lymphocyte subsets and activated T cells.@*METHODS@#The immunophenotypes of 96 MDS patients, the subsets of bone marrow lymphocytes and activated T cells were detected by flow cytometry. The relative expression of WT1 was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, and the first induced remission rate (CR1) was calculated, the differences of lymphocyte subsets and activated T cells in MDS patients with different immunophenotype, different WT1 expression, and different course of disease were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD4+T lymphocyte in MDS-EB-2, IPSS high-risk, CD34+ cells >10%, and patients with CD34+CD7+ cell population and WT1 gene overexpression at intial diagnosis decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the percentage of NK cells and activated T cells increased significantly (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the ratio of B lymphocytes. Compared with the normal control group, the percentage of NK cells and activated T cells in IPSS-intermediate-2 group was significantly higher(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the percentage of CD3+T, CD4+T lymphocytes. The percentage of CD4+T cells in patients with complete remission after the first chemotherapy was significantly higher than in patients with incomplete remission(P<0.05), and the percentage of NK cells and activated T cells was significantly lower than that in patients with incomplete remission (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In MDS patients, the proportion of CD3+T and CD4+T lymphocytes decreased, and the proportion of activated T cells increased, indicating that the differentiation type of MDS is more primitive and the prognosis is worse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocyte Subsets , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Bone Marrow , B-Lymphocytes , Killer Cells, Natural , Flow Cytometry , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 736-741, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the serum level of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific RBD IgG antibody (SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody for short) in children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection during the recovery stage, as well as the protective effect of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination against Omicron infection.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 110 children who were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection in Tianjin of China from January 8 to February 7, 2022. According to the status of vaccination before diagnosis, they were divided into a booster vaccination (3 doses) group with 2 children, a complete vaccination (2 doses) group with 90 children, an incomplete vaccination (1 dose) group with 5 children, and a non-vaccination group with 13 children. The clinical data and IgG level were compared among the 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#The complete vaccination group had a significantly higher age than the non-vaccination group at diagnosis (P<0.05), and there was a significant difference in the route of transmission between the two groups (P<0.05). There were no significant differences among the four groups in sex, clinical classification, and re-positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection (P>0.05). All 97 children were vaccinated with inactivated vaccine, among whom 85 children (88%) were vaccinated with BBIBP-CorV Sinopharm vaccine (Beijing Institute of Biological Products, Beijing, China). At 1 month after diagnosis, the booster vaccination group and the complete vaccination group had a significantly higher level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody than the non-vaccination group (P<0.05), and at 2 months after diagnosis, the complete vaccination group had a significantly higher level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody than the non-vaccination group (P<0.05). For the complete vaccination group, the level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody at 2 months after diagnosis was significantly lower than that at 1 month after diagnosis (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vaccination with inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine has a protective effect against Omicron infection in children. For children vaccinated with 2 doses of the vaccine who experience Omicron infection, there may be a slight reduction in the level of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody at 2 months after diagnosis. Citation:Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics, 2022, 24(7): 736-741.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Immunoglobulin G , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Viral Vaccines
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD.@*RESULTS@#A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Delivery Rooms , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 497-506, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277950

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effecacy of human mesenchymal stromal cell (hMSC) with human mononuclear cell (hMNC) in treating rat cerebral infarct.Methods The SD rat models of cerebral infarct were established by distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO). Rats were divided into four groups: sham,ischemia vehicle,MSC,and MNC transplantation groups. For the transplantation group,1×10hMSCs or hMNCs were intravascularly transplanted into the tail vein 1 hour after the ischemia onset. The ischemia vehicle group received dMCAO surgery and intravascular saline injection 1,3,5,and 7 days after the ischemia onset,and then behavioral tests were performed. At 48 h after the ischemia onset,the abundance of Iba- 1,the symbol of activated microglia,was evaluated in the peri-ischemia striatum area; meanwhile,the neurotrophic factors such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in ipsilateral peri-ischemia striatum area were also measured. Results The relative infarct volume in ischemia vehicle group,hMSC group,and hMNC transplantation group were (37.85±4.40)%,(33.41±3.82)%,and (30.23±3.63)%,respectively. The infarct volumes of MSC group (t=2.100,P=0.034) and MNC group (t=2.109,P=0.0009) were significantly smaller than that of ischemia vehicle group,and that of MNC group was significantly smaller than that of MSC group (t=1.743,P=0.043). One day after transplantation,the score of ischemia vehicle group in limb placing test was (4.32±0.71)%,which was significantly lower than that in sham group (9.73±0.36)% (t=2.178,P=8.61×10). The scores of MSC and MNC group,which were (5.09±0.62)% (t=2.1009,P=0.024) and (5.90±0.68)% (t=2.1008,P=0.0001),respectively,were significantly higher than that of ischemia vehicle group; also,the score of MNC group was significantly higher than that of MSC group(t=2.1009,P=0.0165). The contralateral forelimb scores of MSC and MNC groups in beam walking test were (5.56±0.86)% (t=2.120,P=0.020) and (5.13±0.95)% (t=2.131,P=0.003),were both significantly lower than that of ischemia vehicle group [(6.47±0.61)%]. Three days after the transplantation,the limb placing test score of MNC group [(6.91±1.10)%] was significantly higher than that of ischemia vehicle group (5.80±0.82)% (t=2.110,P=0.027). The score of MSC group [(6.30±0.77)%] showed no statistic difference with that of ischemia vehicle group(t=2.101,P=0.199).The contralateral forelimb scores of MNC group in beam walking test [(4.34±0.58)%] was significantly lower than that of ischemia vehicle group [(5.31±0.65)%] (t=2.100,P=0.006) and MSC group [(4.92±0.53)%] (t=2.100,P=0.041); there was no statistic difference between MSC group and ischemia vehicle group (t=2.109,P=0.139). The relative abundance of Iba- 1 in sham,ischemia vehicle,MSC,and MNC groups was 1.00+0.00,1.72±0.21,1.23±0.08,and 1.48±0.06,respectively. The Iba-1 relative abundance of ischemia vehicle group was significantly higher than that of sham group (t=2.262,P=2.9×10). The Iba-1 relative abundances of both MSC (t=2.178,P=3.91×10)and MNC (t=2.200,P=0.007)groups were significantly lower than that of ischemia vehicle group. It was also significantly lower in MNC group than in MSC group also (t=2.120,P=7.09×10). Three days after transplantation,the BDNF and GDNF levels of MSC group,which were (531.127±73.176)pg/mg (t=2.109,P=0.003)and(127.780±16.733)pg/mg(t=2.100,P=2.76×10),respectively,were significantly higher than those of ischemia vehicle group,which were (401.988±89.006)pg/mg and (86.278±14.832) pg/mg,respectively. The BDNF and GDNF levels of MNC group,which were (627.429±65.646)pg/mg (t=2.144,P=0.017) and (153.117±20.443)pg/mg (t=2.109,P=0.010),respectively,were all significantly higher than that of MSC group. At day 7,the BDNF and GDNF levels of MSC group,which were (504.776±83.282)pg/mg (t=2.101,P=0.005) and (81.641±11.019)pg/mg (t=2.100,P=0.002),respectively,were significantly higher than those of ischemia vehicle group,which were (389.257±70.440)pg/mg and (64.322±9.855) pg/mg,respectively. The BDNF and GDNF levels of MNC group,which were (589.068±63.323)pg/mg (t=2.100,P=0.027) and (102.161±19.932)pg/mg (t=2.144,P=0.017),respectively,were all significantly higher than that of MSC group. Conclusions Both hMSC and hMNC are beneficial to the ischemia-damaged brain when they are intravascularly transplanted within 1 h after the onset of ischemia. The anti-inflammation ability and secretion of neurotrophic factors are the underlying mechanisms of the therapeutic effects. MNC is more effective than MSC in reducing infarct area and improving behaviors,which might be explained by the fact that MNC induces more GDNF and BDNF in brain than MSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Bone Marrow , Brain Ischemia , Therapeutics , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Fetus , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Therapeutics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 747-750, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation of baseline plasma D-dimer levels and clinicopathological features and tumor VEGF expression in non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) patients, and to evaluate the value of D-dimer in predicting survival time.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective review of the clinicopathological data of 290 NSCLC patients confirmed pathologically in Tianjin Cancer Hospital from July 2007 to April 2009 was performed. The correlations between plasma baseline D-dimer levels and clinicopathological characteristics and progonosis were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For 290 NSCLC patients with low ( ≤ 0.3 µg/ml) and high (>0.3 µg/ml) D-dimer levels, the median survival times were 54.0 months and 46.2 months, respectively (P < 0.05), and for the patients with stages I, II, IIIA, IIIB and IV NSCLC, the median survival times were 58.1, 40.6, 26.7 and 23.5 months, respectively (P < 0.05). In the operable patients (stages I, II and IIIa) with low and high D-dimer levels, the median progression-free survivals (PFS) were 35.0 and 11.0 months, respectively (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the median PFSs were 57.2 months and 19.6 months, respectively, in these operable patients without and with lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>High levels of baseline plasma D-dimer may indicate advanced disease stage, larger tumor size, lymph node metastasis and stronger tumor angiongenesis to some extent, and may be useful in prediction of survival time in NSCLC patients of different stages.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Metabolism , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Neoplasms , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Paclitaxel , Pneumonectomy , Methods , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Taxoids , Therapeutic Uses , Tumor Burden , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 580-586, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354788

ABSTRACT

In the study, a gene encoding Tat protein N terminal 1- 21 amino acid residues-deleted mutant (Tat22-101) was amplified by PCR from a full length Tat gene of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, and the prokaryotic expression plasmid pET32a-Tat22-101 was constructed. After identification by digestion with endonucleases and sequencing, the recombinant plasmid pET32a-Tat22-101 was transformed into E. coli BL21(DE3) and expressed with IPTG induction. The mutant fusion protein with deleted Tat N terminal was purified by an affinity chromatography column Ni(2+)-NTA and subsequently identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. The results showed that the molecular weight of the mutant protein was approximately 26.9kD. Furthermore, BALB/c mice were immunized with the mutant protein and the anti-sera were collected. ELISA results showed that the mutant protein preserved its immunogenicity, particularly it could improve the production of antibodies to other epitopes in addition to the N terminal epitope of Tat protein, which might provide some valuable information for the study of Tat functions as well as for development of potential novel HIV Tat vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Gene Products, tat , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , HIV-1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mutant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 193-197, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302168

ABSTRACT

The objective of study was to investigate the in vitro suppressive effect of angelica polysaccharide (APS) on human cytomegalovirus-induced apoptosis via direct infection in CHRF-288-11 cells. HCMV AD169 directly infected CHRF-288-11 were cultured in vitro, APS in different doses were added on day 3 after the infection of virus. Cells of every group were collected at different time points. HCMV DNA of cells were detected by using polymerase chain reaction and the apoptotic cells were examined by using Hoechst staining, MTT assay, DNA fragmentation assay and flow cytometry. The results showed that the APS to some extent inhibited the apoptosis of CHRF cells infected by HCMV in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of HCMV IEA in CHRF-288-11 cells was found by PCR amplification. Morphology observation, flow cytometry assay and DNA fragmentation assay revealed the existence of apoptosis. With the dose decrease of APS added to the infected CHRF cells, the percentage of apoptotic cells increased. It is concluded that the HCMV AD169 can infect CHRF cells directly in vitro and decrease cell viability. HCMV AD169 infection increases the apoptosis of CHRF cells in time-dependent manner. When APS was added to the CHRF cells infected by HCMV AD169 in vitro, the viability of CHRF cells increase, which indicated that APS to some extent protects the CHRF cells infected by HCMV. APS suppresses the cytomegalovirus-induced apoptosis in CHRF cells directly infected in vitro in dose-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angelica , Chemistry , Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Cytomegalovirus , Megakaryocytes , Cell Biology , Virology , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology
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