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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912192

ABSTRACT

To investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric cholecystolithotomy(ETGC) combined with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Data of patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis who underwent ETGC after ERCP in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from November 2018 to April 2019 were analyzed. Six patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis, 4 males and 2 females, were included in this study.The interval between ERCP and ETGC ranged from 1 to 77 days (median 5 days). All the 6 patients successfully completed ETGC after ERCP, with a surgical success rate of 100%. All the patients had multiple cholecystolithiasis and one patient was complicated with gallbladder polyps.The ETGC operation time was 22-100 min (median 65 min), and the length of hospital stay was 3-9 d (median 6.5 d). Two patients had dull pain in the upper abdomen and increased body temperature after surgery. Abdominal ultrasound in one patient suggested local effusion in the right upper abdomen.Both patients improved after conservative treatment.None of the patients had cholecystitis and cholangitis related symptoms such as right upper abdominal pain or fever during postoperative follow-up, and the follow-up rate was 100%with median follow-up time of 18 month.All the 6 patients underwent abdominal ultrasound examination after surgery. No recurrence occurred in 5 patients. One of the patients showed cholesterol crystals in the gallbladder wall and bile mud deposition.ETGC combined with ERCP is safe and feasible for cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912170

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for patients with metastases to the pancreas.Data on patients with pancreatic lesions who underwent EUS-FNA and confirmed as having metastases to the pancreas at the Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2015 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Characteristics of patients, EUS performance, pathological results, and follow-up were reviewed and analyzed. A total of 11 patients were diagnosed of metastasis to pancreas by EUS-FNA.The primary tumor mainly came from kidney (4/11) and lung (4/11), and the rest from colon (1/11), breast (1/11) and bladder (1/11), respectively. EUS performance of metastases to the pancreas mostly presented homogeneous hypoecho (10/11)with unclear margin (6/11). Enlarged lymphnodes were noticed in nearly half of the patients (5/11). The time span from detection of primary tumor to metastases ranged from 6 days to 27 years. EUS-FNA is effective in the diagnosis of metastases to the pancreas.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel endoscopic anastomosis clip for the stomach perforation via an animal trial.Methods:Six pigs were used as experimental animals, and two perforation models (10-20 mm in diameter) were created by an endoscopic needle-knife in the stomach of each pig. The perforations were then closed by the novel detachable endoscopic anastomosis clip. The animal survival and healing of the lesions were recorded. All the clips were taken out 30 days after operation through endoscopy. Half of the animals were immediately after clip extraction and the other half of the animals survived for another 30 days owing to observation.Results:All clips were implanted successfully and all lesions healed during 30 days after the operation. All animals survived. The clip natural shedding rate was 33.3%(4/12), and the rest of clips were successfully disassembled and removed. All animals were alive 30 days after clip removal with lesions healed.Conclusion:The novel anastomosis clip is safe and effective in animal experiments with easy to operate. It could be recommended for further clinical research with good clinical prospect.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885699

ABSTRACT

To study the clinical effect of non-ampullary duodenal mucosal lesions treated by endoscopic resection. A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 58 cases of duodenal non-ampullary mucosal lesions treated by endoscopic resection from January 2016 to June 2019 from 3 hospitals. Among 58 cases, 27 lesions (46.6%) were located in the duodenal bulb and 31 (53.4%) in the duodenal descending part (including the ball-drop boundary). Forty-six patients (79.3%) received endoscopic mucosal resection, 7 (12.1%) received endoscopic submucosal dissection and 5 (8.6%) received pre-cut endoscopic mucosal resection. Few postoperative complications were found except for 1 case of intraoperative bleeding, 1 case of delayed bleeding 2 days after surgery, 1 case of lesion residual and 2 cases of postoperative abdominal pain. No perforation occurred. Endoscopic treatment of non-ampullary duodenal mucosal lesions is safe and effective.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate high resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) in peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for pediatric achalasia of cardia (AC).Methods:Data of 30 AC children who received POEM in Xi′an Children′s Hospital from January 2013 to September 2019 were reviewed. HREM was performed before and 6 months after POEM. Preoperative and postoperative lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP), 4-second integrated relaxation pressure (4sIRP), Eckardt scores and nutritional status were compared.Results:Children with AC aged between 4-14 years. Postoperative LESP was 5.50±1.13 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), which was significantly lower than that before operation (26.23±4.47 mmHg) with significant difference ( t=-24.623, P<0.001). Postoperative median 4sIRP was 5 mmHg, which was 20 mmHg lower than that before operation (25 mmHg) with significant difference ( Z=-4.786, P<0.001). Postoperative median Eckardt symptom score decreased significantly compared with that before (1 VS 8, Z=-4.796, P<0.001). Severe malnutrition of the AC children improved evidently to normal( Z=-5.166, P<0.001). Conclusion:POEM can significantly improve the characteristics of esophageal dynamics in children with AC, and HREM can be an important indicator for follow-up evaluation of POEM.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and short-term efficacy of a novel and simplified closure method developed by our team for the defect closure after endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) for gastric submucosal tumors (SMT) in the gastric wall.@*Methods@#A prospective single-arm clinical study was used. Inclusion criteria: (1) the lesion was located in the fundus or the greater curvature of the stomach, and was confirmed to originate from the muscularis propria layer; (2) the diameter of the tumor was ≤3.5 cm, and the tumor had no extensive adhesion to the peritoneal tissues and organs in extraperitoneal cavity; (3) the tumor had no malignant features under ultrasound endoscopy; (4) the patient agreed to participate in the study; (5) patients with severe complications were excluded. Based on the above criteria, 20 patients with gastric SMT at the Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2015 to March 2018 were enrolled in this study, including 5 males and 15 females with mean age of 61.1 (38 to 70) years. Grasping forceps-assisted endo-loop snare ligation device which is called "Shao-Mai" method was used to close the defect site. All the patients underwent EFTR and "Shao-Mai" method to perform defect closure. After successful tumor resection by EFTR, an endo-loop was anchored onto the edge of the gastric defect with grasping forceps assistance and closed tightly. The observation indicators included tumor size, en bloc resection, operation time, postoperative complications and hospital stay. The follow-up indicators included tumor residual, local recurrence, and metachronous lesions.@*Results@#All the 20 lesions were located in the muscularis propria with a size of 0.5-3.5 (mean 1.4) cm. Three of them were located in the greater curvature of the mid-upper gastric body, 17 were located in the fundus. The endoscopic "Shao-Mai" closure was successfully performed after EFTR in all the 20 cases. Endoscope was used uniquely through the entire process, without laparoscopic assistance. The operative time was 20-100 (mean 43.8) minutes, while the "Shao-Mai" closure procedure took a range of 3-30 (mean 10.1) minutes. The en bloc resection rate was 100%. The pathological diagnosis included 17 gastrointestinal stromal tumors and 3 leiomyomas. No major complications occurred during or after surgery. All the patients were discharged 1-11 (mean 3.1) days after operation. The wounds of all the cases were healed completely six months after operation and only scar was observed without ulcer. No residual lesion, tumor recurrence or metastasis, leakage or fistula of digestive tract were found during the follow-up period of 15-54 (median 41) months.@*Conclusion@#The endoscopic "Shao-Mai" closure method is a simplified novel way, which is feasible, effective, and safe for closing the gastric defect after EFTR.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871441

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of knife assisted polypectomy (KAP) in the treatment of colorectal pedicle polyps (Paris type 0-Ⅰp).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 42 patients with colorectal pedicle polyps who were treated with KAP at Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Xuhui District Central Hospital from May to September 2019. Procedure time and complication rates were used to assess the effects of KAP.Results:A total of 48 polyps were found in 42 cases. The median diameter of polyps was 2.0 cm(0.8-3.5 cm). The mean operating time was 11.3±1.1 min. All patients had no severe bleeding or perforation during operation and no delayed bleeding, delayed perforation or electrocoagulation syndrome after operation. Postoperative pathology showed that the margins of all cases were negative.Conclusion:KAP operation is safe and efficient, but long-term efficacy still needs further clinical verification.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the indication of pre-cut-endoscopic mucosal resection (pre-cut-EMR) on the treatment of colorectal laterally spreading tumors (LSTs).Methods:A retrospective study was performed on data of colorectal LSTs patients, who underwent pre-cut-EMR in Wuxi Second People’s Hospital and Zhongshan Hospital from January 2014 to June 2019. The relationships between the clinical characteristics of the lesions and the success rate and complications of pre-cut-EMR were analyzed.Results:Data of 132 colorectal LSTs cases were included in the study. Morphology of 29 (22.0%) LSTs were homogeneous granular type, 43 (32.6%) LSTs were mixed non-granular type, 58 (43.9%) LSTs were flat elevated type, and 2 (1.5%) LSTs were pseudo-depressed type. The diameter of lesions was 2.3±1.5 cm (ranged from 2.0 cm to 5.0 cm). Among the 132 LSTs, 36 (27.3%) tumors were located in rectum, 15 (11.4%) in sigmoid colon, 10 (7.6%) in descending colon, 17 (12.9%) in splenic flexure of colon, 21 (15.9%) in transverse colon, 24 (18.2%) in hepatic flexure of colon, 6 (4.5%) in ascending colon, and 3 (2.3%) in cecum. The histopathological diagnoses of the 132 LSTs included low grade intraepithelial neoplasia in 58 cases (43.9%), high grade intraepithelial neoplasia in 69 cases (52.3%), intramucosal carcinoma in 2 cases (1.5%), and canceration in 3 cases (2.3%). Pre-cut-EMR was achieved in all 132 patients, and the operation time was 25.3±13.6 min (ranged 20-65 min). The rate of en bloc resection and complete resection were 95.5% (126/132) and 100.0% (132/132), respectively. Two cases (1.5%) had intraoperative perforation, and were both located in the sigmoid colon with the diameter of 4.0 cm and 4.5 cm, respectively. Twelve cases (9.0%) had immediate bleeding during operation, and 2 cases (1.5%) had delayed bleeding after operation. Patients had been followed up for 6-24 months, the wound healed well after operation, and no local recurrence was found.Conclusion:Pre-cut-EMR is an effective and safe therapy for colorectal LSTs with diameter less than 4.0 cm.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving polypectomy in treatment of gallbladder polyps.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on data of 25 patients with gallbladder polyps who underwent endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving polypectomy in the endoscopy center of Zhongshan Hospital from September 2017 to August 2019. Completion of operation, operation time, postoperative hospital stay, complications and follow-up results of patients were obtained and analyzed.Results:There were 13 cases of single polyp and 12 cases of multiple polyps, 13 cases of simple gallbladder polyps, and 12 cases of polyps and gallstones. The maximum diameter of polyps was 0.2-1.5 cm. The procedure failed in 1 patient (4%) because of the severe adhesion of abdominal cavity and disappearance of gallbladder when passing through the gastric wall. Twenty-four patients (96%) were successfully treated with endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving polypectomy. The operation time was 67.1±26.8 min (35-140 min). The median hospital stay was 4 d (2-5 d). No severe adverse events including delayed bleeding, delayed perforation, diffuse peritonitis or abdominal abscess occurred. During the median follow-up time of 8 months (0-23 months), no patient was lost, no recurrence of polyps and no severe adverse events related to metal clips occurred.Conclusion:Endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving polypectomy shows good short-term efficacy and is technically feasible, however, long-term outcome still requires further research.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803412

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To promote best discharge practice in sedated patients′ following endoscopic procedures in an endoscopy center in Shanghai, China.@*Methods@#A clinical audit was undertaken using the Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System tool. Eight audit criteria that were representative of best practice recommendations for discharge following endoscopic sedation procedures were used. A baseline audit was conducted followed by the implementation of multiple strategies, determined by the key stakeholders. The project was finalized with a follow-up audit to determine change in practice.@*Results@#Improvements in practice were observed for all eight criteria. The most significant improvements were in the following: completion of an organizational policy, the minimum discharge criteria, patient has met minimum discharge criteria before being discharged (all from 0% to 100% compliance), and giving verbal and written instructions (from 12% to 100% compliance). Criteria 4 (the authority to discharge), 6 (staff training and education) and 7 (being accompanied by family) achieved the least improvement in compliance rates, as baseline measures already showed a high degree of compliance. The compliance rate for criterion 8 (medical file) attained 88%.@*Conclusion@#This protocol utilized a clinical audit process leading to improvements in practice behavior related to patient discharge following endoscopic sedation procedures. A continuous cycle of audit and re-audit will be required in the future to maintain high quality standards.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801172

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of repeated peroral endoscopic myotomy (Re-POEM) as a make-up therapy after POEM failure.@*Methods@#Thirty-three patients with persistent/recurrent symptoms after first POEM (Eckardt symptom score≥4) were selected from a database of a total of 2 516 consecutive patients with achalasia. The main outcome measures was Eckardt score during follow-up; the secondary outcome measures were procedure-related adverse events, changes in manometric lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure, and reflux symptoms before and after Re-POEM.@*Results@#All patients successfully underwent Re-POEM in mean 18.6 months (ranging 3-55 months) after their first POEM procedures. The mean symptom score before Re-POEM was 5.5 (ranging 4-8). Mean operation time was 45.1 minutes (ranging 28-64 minutes). Submucosal tunnel infection occurred in 1 patient who recovered with conservative treatment. During a mean follow-up period of 36.6 months (ranging 12-58 months), symptom relief was achieved in all patients. Eckardt score reduced to 1.3 (ranging 0-3), significantly different from that before (P<0.001). Mean LES pressure also declined from 26.0 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to 9.6 mmHg after Re-POEM (P<0.001). The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux of Re-POEM was 33.3% (11/33).@*Conclusions@#Re-POEM appears safe and effective as a make-up option after POEM failure.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy (ETGC) for gallstones.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 84 cholecystolithiasis patients, who received ETGC at Endoscopic Center of Zhongshan Hospital from March 2017 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The operation completion rate, operation time, complications and recurrence of calculus were summarized.@*Results@#In the 84 cases of cholecystolithiasis, there were 19 cases (22.6%) of single stone, 53 cases (63.1%) of multiple stones, and 12 cases (14.3%) of gallstones with gallbladder polyps. A total of 82 patients (97.6%) successfully completed ETGC with median operation time of 88 min. Ten patients (12.2%) suffered from abdominal pain after operation, of which 6 patients relieved after conservative treatments. The other 4 cases, including 2 cases of hemoperitoneum, 1 case of biliary fistula, and 1 case of choledocholithiasis with obstructive jaundice, were recovered after corresponding interventions. As of June 14, 2019, 5 cases were lost to follow-up (follow-up rate was 93.9%, 77/82). Residual stones were found in 2 cases (2.6%, 2/77). Stone recurrence was discovered in 4 cases (5.2%, 4/7), and 2 cases (2.6%, 2/77) had cholesterol crystallization in gallbladder.@*Conclusion@#ETGC is minimally invasive, feasible and safe in treatment of cholecystolithiasis, and can retain the function of gallbladder. However, how to completely remove the stones and avoid residue by ETGC still needs further exploration, and its long-term efficacy still needs further observation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796951

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the role of virtual gastroscopy simulator in the examination of clinical practice skills of gastrointestinal specialists.@*Methods@#A multi-center empirical study was carried out. In June 2018, ninety participants from three tertiary care teaching hospitals in China, including Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Tongji Hospital and Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, took part in the examination. Participants were selected as follows: 30 specialists without any experience of gastroscopy exams, 30 with basic knowledge (gastroscopy exams <500 cases) and 30 with good skill (gastroscopy exams ≥500 cases). These 90 students participated in this empirical study after theoretical study and simulator training. Among them, 50 (55.6%) were undergraduates, 25 (27.8%) masters, and 15 (16.7%) doctors; 42 (46.7%) were residents, 39 (43.3%) attending physicians, and 9 (10.0%) deputy chief physicians. The assessment was divided into two parts. The first part was to use the simulator (GI mentor II) for ballooning within 10 minutes, with a total score of 40 points. The second part was a complete gastroscopy exam on the simulator, including preparation before gastroscopy exam, gastroscopy exam, post - exam management and related knowledge quiz. The difficulty and discrimination of the assessment plan were evaluated by the extreme grouping method parameters (difficulty P definition: <0.3 was difficult, 0.3 to 0.7 was medium, ≥0.7 was easy; discrimination degree D definition: <0 was poor, 0 to 0.2 was medium, ≥0.2 was good), and by comparing the virtual gastroscopy assessment scores of different experience, academic, and professional title groups. The score analysis of the student group was expressed using the mastering rate (the average score divided by the total score). The data of the normal distribution was represented by (mean±SD) (range), and the data of the nonnormal distribution was represented by M (P25, P75). Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test was used for comparison between groups.@*Results@#The total score of 90 students was (82.9±10.9) (55.8 to 99.0), and the mastering rate was 82.9%. The overall difficulty of the first and the second parts were 0.78 and 0.76, respectively, and the difficulty level was easy. The overall discrimination of the first and the second parts were 0.70 and 0.67, respectively, and the discrimination was good. The stratified analysis was performed according to the professional title. The median score was 83.2 (75.5, 89.0) in the residents, 82.5 (71.7, 93.6) in the attending physicians, and 93.5 (88.5, 99.0) in the deputy chief physicians, and the difference was statistically significant (H=6.213, P=0.045). According to the stratification analysis of academic qualifications, the median score was 81.7 (73.0, 87.5) in participants with undergraduate degree, 91.0 (79.0, 95.0) in those with master degree and 88.0 (81.7, 93.5) in those with doctor degree, whose difference was statistically significant (H=9.233, P=0.010). The stratified analysis of the second part showed that the median scores of the "operational process" part of the low, medium and high basis group were 33.0 (30.5, 36.5), 34.0 (32.0, 36.0) and 37.0 (35.0, 37.5), respectively, whose difference was statistically significant (H=7.603, P=0.022). The median scores of the "operational process" section of the resident, attending physician, and deputy chief physician were 33.0 (30.5, 35.0) points, 36.0 (34.0, 37.5) points and 37.0 (37.0, 37.5) points, respectively, whose difference was statistically significant (H=18.563, P=0.001).@*Conclusions@#The virtual gastroscopy simulator can reflect the true level of gastroscopy exam skills of the students. The examination questions are moderately difficult, and there is a good discrimination of the exam.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756275

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) on treatment of benign colorectal anastomotic stenosis.Methods Data of 36 patients with benign colorectal anastomotic stenosis undergoing EBD at Zhongshan Hospital from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively.The number of dilation,complications rate,short-term effects and recurrence rate of stenosis were analyzed.Results Thirty-six patients had post-surgery anastomotic stenosis within 2-49 months (median 6 months),including 10 (27.8%) patients of grade 1 stenosis,15 (41.7%) of grade 2 stenosis,and 11 (30.5%) of grade 3 stenosis.The anastomotic distance from anus was 3-24 cm (median 6 cm).The 36 patients underwent 80 times of EBD with mean time of 2.22.Among them,69.4% (25/36) cases received 1-2 times and 30.6% (11/36) received 3 times or more.During the EBD operation,14 (17.5%) patients had minor bleeding,and intraoperative or postoperative perforation did not appeared.Postoperative obstructive symptoms were relieved in all patients.The anastomotic diameter was greater than 20 mm and EBD treatment was successful.Postoperative follow-up was 22-76 months (median 44 months).Four (11.1%) patients had recurrence of anastomotic benign stenosis at 7,11,18,and 63 months after the last time of EBD,respectively,and the symptoms were improved after the second treatment.Conclusion EBD is safe and effective in treating benign colorectal anastomotic stenosis,with better short-term and long-term outcomes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756263

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate feasibility of bowel preparation for colonoscopy in endoscopic ambulatory surgery ward. Methods A total of 352 patients at endoscopic ambulatory surgery ward receiving colonoscopy at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from May 25, 2018 to July 13, 2018 were surveyed by questionnaires. Data of 344 patients, including patient demographics, bowel preparation information and Boston bowel preparation scores and subjective perception of patients were analyzed. Data of 8 others were excluded because they did not complete colonoscopy for the first time due to failure of bowel preparation. Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were conducted to analyze the quality of bowel preparation and its influencing factors. Results A total of 18. 0%( 62/344) of bowel preparations were inadequate. Morning colonoscopy ( P = 0. 005, OR = 2. 505, 95%CI:1. 312-4. 781 ) and yellow residual last stool before colonoscopy (P=0. 045,OR=0. 475,95%CI:0. 230-0. 982) were independent risk factors for inadequate bowel preparation. Patients' tolerance was 88. 1%(303/344), satisfaction was 77. 9%(268/344), and 54. 9%(189/344) were willing to be hospitalized in ambulatory surgery ward again if necessary. Conclusion Bowel preparation before colonoscopy in endoscopic ambulatory surgery ward is feasible but not optimal.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756256

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety, feasibility, perioperative and long-term efficacy of peroral endoscopic myotomy ( POEM) for achalasia ( AC) in geriatric patients. Methods Data of 41 patients aged over 65 diagnosed with achalasia and treated with POEM in Zhongshan Hospital from August 2010 to December 2014 were retrospectively studied. Perioperative complications, preoperative and postoperative Eckardt score and pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter, esophageal reflux and clinical failure were analyzed. Results All 41 patients underwent POEM successfully, with median operation time of 42 min. Median hospitalization was 3 days. Major perioperative adverse events occurred in 4 cases ( 9. 75%) , whose hospitalization was longer than 5 days for perioperative adverse events. During median follow-up period of 40 months ( interquartile range 24-57 months) , median Eckardt score decreased from 8 to 1( P<0. 001 ) and pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter decreased from 23. 85 mmHg ( 1 mmHg=0. 133 kPa) to 9. 05 mmHg (P=0. 005). Clinical reflux occurred in 12 cases (29. 27%) and the 5-year success rate of POEM was 87. 80% (36/41). Conclusion POEM is a safe and reliable treatment for geriatric AC patients with confirmed short-term and long-term effectiveness.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756251

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the detection rate of early esophageal cancer during endoscopy by construction of artificial intelligence assistant diagnosis system. Methods A total of 2400 esophageal images were collected from Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2016 to December 2017, including 1200 images of early esophageal cancer and 1200 images of normal esophageal mucosa. The lesions in pictures were marked with rectangular box by using computer program. Among them, 2000 pictures were divided into the training set and 400 pictures into the test set. An assistant diagnostic model of early esophageal cancer was established by back propagation algorithm in computer deep learning. The training model was tested and the sensitivity and specificity of the system at different cut-off points in the test set was calculated. Receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curve was used to evaluate the performance of the diagnostic model. Results The area under ROC curve ( AUC) of the auxiliary diagnostic model was 0. 9961. The sensitivity and specificity were satisfactory. Conclusion The deep learning model constructed in this study has good specificity, sensitivity and AUC value in the diagnosis of early esophageal cancer, and can assist endoscopists in real-time diagnosis in clinical examination.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752747

ABSTRACT

Objective To promote best discharge practice in sedated patients′ following endoscopic procedures in an endoscopy center in Shanghai, China. Methods A clinical audit was undertaken using the Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System tool. Eight audit criteria that were representative of best practice recommendations for discharge following endoscopic sedation procedures were used. A baseline audit was conducted followed by the implementation of multiple strategies, determined by the key stakeholders. The project was finalized with a follow-up audit to determine change in practice. Results Improvements in practice were observed for all eight criteria. The most significant improvements were in the following: completion of an organizational policy, the minimum discharge criteria, patient has met minimum discharge criteria before being discharged (all from 0% to 100% compliance), and giving verbal and written instructions (from 12% to 100% compliance). Criteria 4 (the authority to discharge), 6 (staff training and education) and 7 (being accompanied by family) achieved the least improvement in compliance rates, as baseline measures already showed a high degree of compliance. The compliance rate for criterion 8 (medical file) attained 88%. Conclusion This protocol utilized a clinical audit process leading to improvements in practice behavior related to patient discharge following endoscopic sedation procedures. A continuous cycle of audit and re-audit will be required in the future to maintain high quality standards.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810793

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is the gold standard technique for performing en bloc resection of large superficial tumors in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. It has not started in China until early 2006, when it was introduced at Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital. However, ESD is technically more difficult and can result in more complications, limiting its development in China. At present, reports about ESD training system in China are still not available. Therefore, our center continuously explored and gradually established structured training courses relied on the live pig model. Between 2009 and 2013, we held 23 hands-on ESD training workshops with 550 endoscopists. Questionnaires were distributed via e-mail, and there were 460 participants performing ESD in a step-up approach on the live pigs. More than one half of trainees could perform ESD with en bloc resection in the imaginary "lesion" of colon and stomach, and there were higher rates of hemorrhage and perforation occurring in colorectal ESD as compared to gastric ESD. After graduating from our hands-on workshop, up to over 90% of participants started ESD practice in their home hospitals. It was mostly provided by high-grade hospitals (IIIA) which played a major role as tertiary referral centers, covering almost all provinces and major cities in China. The training on live pig model revealed to be safe and effective as a prior step to its application in humans. It may enable novice endoscopists to acquire ESD skills and start performing ESD as soon as possible. The role of adequate training is of course to influence the spread of this technique and promote ESD development around China.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810789

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To use the meta-analysis in evaluating the hemorrhage-prevention value of second-look endoscopy after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer.@*Methods@#A literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies comparing second-look endoscopy and non-second-look endoscopy after gastric ESD. The Medline/PubMed, Ovid, Elsevier ScienceDirect, EBSCO, CNKI and VIP databases were searched systematically. Literature inclusion criteria: (1) all the patients were diagnosed as early gastric cancer receiving ESD; (2) end point of the study included postoperative bleeding rate of ESD. Exclusion criteria: (1) papers of repeated research, review, comment, guideline, etc; (2) non-control study. Meta-analysis method was used to calculate a pooled odds ratio (OR) for developing post-ESD bleeding.@*Results@#The meta-analysis showed that post-ESD bleeding was observed in 40 of 1287 patients (3.1%) without second-look endoscopy and in 40 of 968 patients (4.1%) with second- look endoscopy (OR=1.25, 95% CI: 0.79-1.98), with no significant difference between these two groups. Subgroup analysis on research method still indicated no significant difference of post-ESD bleeding between RCT group (OR=1.45,95%CI: 0.79-2.65) and non-RCT group (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.50-2.08) (all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Based on meta analysis, second-look endoscopy can not reduce the rate of postoperative bleeding of ESD. Therefore, routine second-look endoscopy after gastric ESD may not be necessary to prevent delayed postoperative bleeding of ESD.

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