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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(7): 937-941, July 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346954


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the public data of hysterectomies performed in the only health system in the city of São Paulo between 2008 and 2018. METHODS: The following public health system data were extracted and analyzed: age, technique, number of surgeries, mortality during hospitalization, length of stay in the establishment (days), and amounts paid by the public network. RESULTS: A total of 20,119 procedures were analyzed. The most prevalent procedure was total hysterectomy (43.2%), followed by vaginal hysterectomy (26.7%), subtotal hysterectomy (24.3%), and laparoscopic hysterectomy (5.8%). Early discharge (hospital stay of up to 1 day) was more prevalent in cases of vaginal hysterectomy (39%). We observed a marked downward trend in the number of total hysterectomies. Total hysterectomy was the most expensive procedure; no significant difference was noted in the cost of vaginal versus laparoscopic hysterectomy. We noticed a trend of rising costs over the years. The most frequent hospital admission code was that of leiomyoma of the uterus in cases of total, subtotal, and laparoscopic hysterectomy. CONCLUSION: Despite the decrease in the number of hysterectomies over the 11-year study period in São Paulo, it remains in high demand mainly for the treatment of uterine leiomyomatosis. Laparoscopic hysterectomy has been gaining ground and showed a slightly upward trend with a shorter hospital stay. Laparoscopic and vaginal hysterectomy required less financial support from the health system than open surgery.

Humans , Female , Public Health , Laparoscopy , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Hysterectomy , Hysterectomy, Vaginal
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO6290, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339834


ABSTRACT Objective To answer the question if the freeze-all strategy and subsequent frozen embryo transfer is preferable to fresh embryo transfer for patients with normal response to ovarian stimulation (4 to 15 oocytes recovered) during in vitro fertilization treatments. Methods A retrospective cohort from two human reproduction centers between 2013 and 2017. A total of 471 frozen embryo transfers from freeze-all cycles, and 3,208 fresh transfers were included. Results After propensity score matching adjustment for age and number of eggs, 467 freeze-all cycles and 934 fresh cycles were analyzed, revealing no statistically significant difference between groups in relation to clinical pregnancy rate (32.5% in the Freeze-all Group and 32.3% in the Fresh Group, p=0.936). For women aged 40 years and older, we observed a statistically significant higher clinical pregnancy rate when freeze-all strategy was used (29.3% in the Freeze-all Group and 19.8% in the Fresh Group, p=0.04). Conclusion Freeze-all strategy was not superior to fresh transfer for all patients with normal response to ovarian stimulation. However, women aged 40 years and older could benefit from this strategy. This deserves further investigation in future research, preferable in a prospective randomized study.

RESUMO Objetivo Responder à pergunta se a estratégia freeze-all (congelamento de todos os embriões) e subsequente transferência de embriões congelados é preferível à transferência de embriões a fresco em pacientes com resposta normal à estimulação ovariana (4 a 15 ovócitos coletados) durante tratamentos de fertilização in vitro . Métodos Coorte retrospectiva de dois centros de reprodução humana entre 2013 e 2017. No total, foram incluídas 471 transferências de ciclos com congelamento de todos os embriões, e 3.208 transferências a fresco. Resultados Após o ajuste do escore de propensão para idade e número de óvulos, foram analisados 467 ciclos com congelamento de todos os embriões e 934 ciclos a fresco, não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos em relação à taxa de gravidez clínica (32,5% no Grupo Freeze-all e 32,3% no Grupo a Fresco, p=0,936). Para mulheres com 40 anos ou mais, observamos uma taxa de gravidez clínica estatisticamente maior quando foi utilizada a estratégia freeze-all (29,3% no Grupo Freeze-all e 19,8% no Grupo a Fresco, p=0,04). Conclusão A estratégia freeze-all não foi superior à transferência a fresco para todas as pacientes com resposta normal à estimulação ovariana. No entanto, mulheres com 40 anos ou mais podem ter algum benefício com essa estratégia. Isso justifica uma investigação mais aprofundada em pesquisas futuras e, de preferência, em estudos prospectivos randomizados.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ovulation Induction , Fertilization in Vitro , Cryopreservation , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Pregnancy Rate , Policy , Middle Aged
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRW5704, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249747


ABSTRACT Objective The aim of the study was to assess the evidence on miRNAs as biomarkers for the diagnosis of endometriosis, as well as to provide insights into the challenges and strategies associated with the use of these molecules as accessible tools in clinical practice. Methods Systematic review conducted on PubMed®, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), MEDLINE® and Web of Science databases using the search terms endometriosis (all fields) AND miRNA (all fields), evaluating all publication up to May 2019. Results Most miRNAs found to be dysregulated in this study were harvested from tissue samples, which precludes their use as a non-invasive diagnostic test. However, differential expression of 62 miRNAs was reported in samples that may be used for non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis, such as blood, serum and plasma. Conclusion Despite the identification of several candidates, studies are investigatory in nature and have been conducted with small number of samples. Also, no particular miRNA has been validated for diagnostic purposes so far. Studies based primarily on biological samples and applicable to translational research are warranted. Large databases comprising information on sample type and the use of saliva and vaginal fluid for miRNAs identification may prove essential to overcome current barriers to diagnosis of endometriosis.

RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi analisar as evidências sobre miRNAs como biomarcadores para o diagnóstico de endometriose, bem como levantar informações sobre os desafios e as estratégias necessárias para tornar essas moléculas ferramentas acessíveis para uso na prática clínica. Métodos Revisão sistemática conduzida nos bancos de dados PubMed®, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), MEDLINE® e Web of Science utilizando os termos de pesquisa "endometriosis" (todos os campos) AND "miRNA" (todos os campos), avaliando todas as publicações até maio de 2019. Resultados A maioria dos miRNAs desregulados foram analisados a partir de amostras de tecido, o que inviabiliza seu uso como teste diagnóstico não invasivo. Todavia, 62 miRNAs foram identificados como diferencialmente expressos em amostras que poderiam ser usadas para o diagnóstico pouco invasivo de endometriose, como sangue, soro e plasma. Conclusão Apesar de todos esses candidatos, os trabalhos são exploratórios, realizados com números pequenos de amostras, sem miRNAs específicos validados para fins diagnósticos. Estudos envolvendo principalmente amostras biológicas, visando à pesquisa translacional, deveriam ser mais explorados. O desenvolvimento de grandes bancos de dados sobre amostras, bem como o uso de saliva e fluido vaginal para identificação de miRNAs, poderia servir como recursos essenciais para as barreiras atuais no diagnóstico da endometriose.

Humans , Female , MicroRNAs/genetics , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/genetics , Biomarkers , Caribbean Region
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(7): 404-410, July 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137857


Abstract Objective To analyze the applicability and efficiency of amulti-approach laparoscopic training in improving basic laparoscopic skills of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents. Methods Cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study, developed at the Experimentation and Surgery Training Center (CETEC, in the Portuguese acronym) of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein with OBGYN residents. Theoretical and practical tests were applied to 24 OBGYN residents to assess their laparoscopic skills before and after their participation in an 8-week course. The course involved theoretical lectures and practical laparoscopic surgery exercises developed using rubber models, black boxes, virtual simulators and animal models (pigs). Results There was an overall improvement in the ability of the residents, with an increase in the number of correct answers in the theoretical evaluation and decrease in the time needed to perform practical tests (needle holder assembly and laparoscopic node). The course was evaluated by the students as highly relevant for both improving their surgical skills and motivating them to continue practicing. Conclusion Laparoscopic training using multiple approaches resulted in significant improvement of surgical skills with a high satisfaction level of the participants. Further studies are still needed to measure the long-term retention of these acquired skills.

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a aplicabilidade e eficiência de um treinamento em laparoscopia com múltiplas abordagens, em melhorar as habilidades laparoscópicas básicas de residentes de ginecologia e obstetrícia (GO). Métodos Estudo transversal, observacional e descritivo, desenvolvido no Centro de Treinamento em Experimentação e Cirurgia (CETEC) do Instituto de Pesquisa do Hospital Albert Einstein com residentes de GO. Foram aplicadas avaliações teóricas e práticas a 24 residentes de GO com o objetivo de avaliar suas habilidades laparoscópicas antes e após sua participação em um curso de 8 semanas. O curso envolveu palestras teóricas e exercícios práticos de cirurgia laparoscópica através de modelos de borracha, caixas pretas, simuladores virtuais e modelos animais (porcos). Resultados Houve uma melhora geral na habilidade dos residentes, comaumento do número de respostas corretas na avaliação teórica e diminuição do tempo na execução dos testes práticos (montagem do porta-agulha e realização de nó laparoscópico). O curso foi avaliado pelos alunos como altamente relevante por melhorar suas habilidades cirúrgicas e motivá-los a continuar praticando. Conclusão O treinamento laparoscópico utilizando múltiplas abordagens resultou em melhora significativa das habilidades cirúrgicas atrelado a alto nível de satisfação dos participantes. Novos estudos ainda são necessários para mensurar a retenção destas habilidades adquiridas a longo prazo.

Humans , Laparoscopy/education , Gynecology/education , Internship and Residency/methods , Obstetrics/education , Teaching , Cross-Sectional Studies , Clinical Competence , Models, Animal , Virtual Reality , Models, Anatomic
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(7): 415-419, July 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137852


Abstract It is estimated that around 28 million surgeries will be postponed or canceled worldwide as a result of this pandemic, causing a delay in the diagnosis and treatment of more than 2 million cancer cases. In Brazil, both the National Health Agency (ANS) and National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) advised the postponement of elective and non-essential surgeries, causing a considerable impact on the number of surgical procedures that decreased by 33.4% in this period. However, some women need treatment for various gynecological diseases that cannot be postponed. The purpose of this article is to present recommendations on surgical treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Resumo Estima-se que cerca de 28 milhões de cirurgias sejam postergadas ou canceladas nomundo em decorrência desta pandemia, causando atraso no diagnóstico e tratamento de mais de 2 milhões de casos oncológicos. No Brasil, tanto a ANS (Agencia Nacional de Saúde) comoa ANVISA (Agencia Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária) orientaram o adiamento das cirurgias eletivas e não essenciais, tendo um impacto considerável no número de procedimentos cirúrgicos comdiminuição de 33,4% neste período no Brasil.No entanto, algumasmulheres necessitam de tratamento para várias doenças ginecológicas, algumas das quais não podem ser adiadas. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar recomendações sobre o tratamento cirúrgico durante a pandemia de COVID-19.

Humans , Female , Patient Care Planning , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Elective Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
Femina ; 48(7): 427-431, 20200731. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117444


Estima-se que cerca de 28 milhões de cirurgias sejam postergadas ou canceladas no mundo em decorrência desta pandemia, causando atraso no diagnóstico e tratamento de mais de 2 milhões de casos oncológicos. No Brasil, tanto a ANS (Agência Nacional de Saúde) como a Anvisa (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária) orientaram o adiamento das cirurgias eletivas e não essenciais, tendo um impacto considerável no número de procedimentos cirúrgicos, com diminuição de 33,4% neste período no Brasil. No entanto, algumas mulheres necessitam de tratamento para várias doenças ginecológicas, algumas das quais não podem ser adiadas. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar recomendações sobre o tratamento cirúrgico durante a pandemia de COVID-19.(AU)

Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/standards , National Health Strategies , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Hysteroscopy/standards , Laparoscopy/standards
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(4): 200-210, Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137823


Abstract Objective The present study is a systematic review of the literature to assess whether the presence of endometriosis determines or contributes to adverse obstetric outcomes. Data Sources The present work was carried out at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil, in accordance to the PRISMA methodology for systematic reviews. A review of the literature was performed using PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The keywords used were: pregnancy outcome, pregnancy complications, obstetrical complications, obstetrics, obstetric outcomes and endometriosis. The survey was further completed by a manually executed review of cross-referenced articles, which was last performed on November 30, 2018. Selection of studies The survey disclosed a total of 2,468 articles, published from May 1946 to October 2017. A total of 18 studies were selected to be further classified according to their quality and relevance. Data Collection The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used for classification. Five studies of greater impact and superior evidence quality and 13 studies of moderate evidence quality were selected. We analyzed the studies for the characteristics of their patients plus how endometriosis was diagnosed and their respective obstetric outcomes taking into account their statistical relevance. Data Synthesis Analyses of the higher impact and better quality studies have shown high incidence of preterm birth and placenta previa in patients with endometriosis. Conclusion Placenta previa and preterm birth are the most statistically significant outcomes related to endometriosis, as indicated by our systematic review. The present information is useful to alert obstetricians and patients about possible unfavorable obstetric outcomes.

Resumo Objetivo Realizar uma revisão sistemática e crítica da literatura de modo a avaliar se a presença de endometriose determina desfechos obstétricos adversos na gestação. Fonte dos dados O presente estudo foi realizado no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brasil, de acordo com a metodologia PRISMA para revisões sistemáticas. As bases de dados usadas para a revisão de literatura foram Pubmed, Web of Science e Scopus. As palavras-chave usadas foram: pregnancy outcome, pregnancy complications, obstetrical complications, obstetrics, obstetric outcomes e endometriosis. Uma revisão manual de artigos com referências cruzadas completou a pesquisa, que foi realizada pela última vez em 30 de novembro de 2018. Seleção dos estudos A pesquisa contou com o total de 2.468 artigos, publicados de maio de 1946 a outubro de 2017. Foram selecionados 18 estudos com base em sua relevância. Coleta de dados A metodologia Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale foi usada para selecionar 5 estudos cuja evidência era de melhor qualidade e 13 estudos de moderada qualidade de evidência. As características das populações dos estudos foram analisadas, assim como a doença endometriose foi diagnosticada e os respectivos desfechos obstétricos nas pacientes observando-se a relevância estatística dos estudos. Síntese dos dados A análise dos estudos de maior impacto e de melhor qualidade de evidência mostram que placenta prévia e ocorrência de nascimentos pré-termo são os desfechos obstétricos desfavoráveis de maior incidência em pacientes com endometriose. Conclusão Placenta prévia e nascimentos pré-termo são os desfechos obstétricos com maior significância estatística relacionados à endometriose. Esta informação é útil para alertar obstetras e pacientes com endometriose para possíveis desfechos obstétricos desfavoráveis.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Brazil
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5294, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090061


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze and compare the expression of Toll-like receptors by regulatory T cells present in the peritoneal fluid of patients with and without endometriosis. Methods Regulatory T cells were isolated from peritoneal fluid of women with and without endometriosis, collected during surgery, and mRNA was extracted for analysis of Toll-like receptors expression by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Results Patients with endometriosis presented regulatory T cells expressing a larger number and variety of Toll-like receptors when compared to regulatory T cells from patients in the Control Group. Toll-like receptor-1 and Toll-like receptor-2 in regulatory T cells were expressed in both groups. All other expressed Toll-like receptors types were only found in regulatory T cells from the Endometriosis Group. Conclusion Patients with endometriosis had peritoneal regulatory T cells expressing various Toll-like receptors types.

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar e comparar a expressão de receptores do tipo Toll por células T reguladoras presentes no líquido peritoneal de pacientes com endometriose. Métodos Células T reguladoras foram isoladas do líquido peritoneal de mulheres com e sem endometriose, coletadas durante a cirurgia, e o RNAm foi extraído para análise da expressão de receptores do tipo Toll por reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcriptase reversa. Resultados Pacientes com endometriose apresentaram células T reguladoras expressando maior número e variedade de Toll por células quando comparadas com T reguladoras de pacientes do Grupo Controle. Receptores do tipo Toll-1 e receptores do tipo Toll-2 foram expressos em ambos os grupos. Todos os outros tipos de receptores Toll foram encontrados expressos apenas em células T reguladoras do grupo com endometriose. Conclusão Pacientes com endometriose apresentaram células T reguladoras peritoneais expressando vários tipos de receptores tipo Toll.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ascitic Fluid/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/chemistry , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Toll-Like Receptors/analysis , Reference Values , Ascitic Fluid/immunology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Endometriosis/immunology , Endometrium/immunology , Visual Analog Scale
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4920, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056062


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the prevalence of group B Streptococci in pregnant women of a corporate health program, as well as the epidemiological correlations. Methods This retrospective study used medical records of patients who participated of the prenatal care program at a private hospital in the city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil, from 2015 to 2016. Those who abandoned the program or had incomplete data in their medical records were excluded. Quantitative variables were described by means, standard deviations, median, minimal and maximal values. Parity and socioeconomic status were described by absolute frequency and percentages. We used logistic regression models in the software (SPSS) to analyze correlations of variables according to vaginal-rectal culture, considering a 95%CI and p-values. Variables were age, number of pregnancies, weight gain in pregnancy and gestational age at delivery. Results A total of 347 medical records were included, and after applying the exclusion criteria, 287 medical records composed the final sample. Patients' age ranged between 17 and 44 years. Mean age was 30.6 years, 67 patients had positive result for group B Streptococcus (prevalence of 23.3%; 95%CI: 18.7-28.5). Conclusion Considering the high prevalence of group B Streptococcus in our service, the antibiotic prophylaxis strategy based on rectovaginal culture screening approach seems to be cost-effective.

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar a prevalência de estreptococo do grupo B entre gestantes que frequentaram um programa de saúde corporativa, bem como as correlações com a colonização positiva. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo dos prontuários do pré-natal de um hospital privado em São Paulo, no período de 2015 a 2016. Foram excluídas as mulheres que abandonaram o programa ou apresentavam dados incompletos nos prontuários. As variáveis quantitativas foram descritas por média, desvios padrão, mediana, valores mínimos e máximos. A paridade e a condição socioeconômica foram descritos por frequência absoluta e percentagens. Utilizamos modelos de regressão logística no programa (SPSS) para analisar as correlações de variáveis de acordo com a cultura retovaginal, considerando IC95% e valores de p. As variáveis foram idade, número de gestações, peso ganho na gestação e idade gestacional no parto. Resultados Foram incluídos 347 prontuários e, após a aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, 287 prontuários compuseram a amostra final. A idade dos pacientes variou entre 17 e 44 anos. A média de idade foi de 30,6 anos, e 67 pacientes tiveram resultado positivo para o estreptococo do grupo B (prevalência de 23,3%; IC95%: 18,7-28,5). Conclusão Considerando a alta prevalência de estreptococos do grupo B em nosso serviço, existem evidências de que a estratégia de antibiótico profilaxia baseada na cultura retovaginal é custo-efetiva.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Rectum/microbiology , Streptococcal Infections/microbiology , Streptococcus agalactiae/isolation & purification , Vagina/microbiology , Parity , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Streptococcal Infections/diagnosis , Streptococcal Infections/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Maternal Age
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(8): 493-499, Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042323


Abstract Objective To compare the Latin American and European assisted reproductive technology (ART) registries regarding data accessibility and quality, treatment utilization, effectiveness, safety, and quality of services. Methods We performed an ecological study using data from scientific publications of Latin American and European registries that report cycles initiated during 2013 (the most recent registries available until December of 2017). The summarized data are presented as frequencies, percentages, minimum-maximum values, and absolute numbers. Results Reporting clinics and cycle treatments were unevenly distributed between the participating countries for both registries, although access to ART is 15 times greater in Europe. In Latin America, individual services participate voluntarily reporting started cycles until cancellation, birth or miscarriage, while in Europe it varied among countries. It makes the data available from Latin America more uniform, although lesser representative when compared with European ones, given that reporting is compulsory formost countries. The cumulative live birth rate was better in Latin America. Female age, use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), cycles with transfer of ≥ 3 embryos, as well as multiple pregnancy rates were greater in the Latin American Register of Assisted Reproduction (RLA, in the Portuguese acronym). Assisted reproductive technology complications, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, hemorrhage, and infections were also higher in LatinAmerica, although they are extremely uncommon in both regions. Conclusion Both regions have points to improve in the quality of their reports. Latin America has produced a more uniform reporting, their clinical results are generally

Resumo Objetivo Comparar os registros das técnicas de reprodução assistida da América Latina e da Europa em relação à qualidade dos dados e acesso, utilização do tratamento, efetividade, segurança e qualidade dos serviços. Métodos Estudo ecológico usando os dados das publicações científicas dos registros da América Latina e da Europa com os ciclos iniciados durante o ano de 2013 (que são os dadosmais recentes disponíveis até dezembro de 2017). Os dados são apresentados como porcentagens, valores mínimos e máximos e números absolutos. Resultados Em comum, vemos que o número de clínicas e de ciclos de tratamento varia bastante entre os países dentro de cada região emambos os registros, embora o acesso às técnicas de reprodução assistida seja 15 vezes maior na Europa. Na América Latina, os serviços reportam voluntariamente os ciclos iniciados até o cancelamento, o nascimento ou aborto, enquanto que na Europa o que é reportado varia entre os países. Isso faz o registro da América Latina mais uniforme, apesar de ser menos representativo quando comparado ao Europeu, dado o caráter compulsório na maioria dos países deste último. A taxa de gravidez cumulativa, idade feminina, uso de injeção intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (ICSI), ciclos comtransferência ≥ 3 embriões e taxa de gestação múltipla foram mais elevados na América Latina. Complicações da reprodução assistida, como síndrome de hiperestimulação ovariana, hemorragia, e infecções também foram mais comuns na América Latina, embora sejam incomuns em ambas as regiões. Conclusão Ambas as regiões têm pontos a melhorar na qualidade dos registros. A América Latina tem produzido um registro mais uniforme, e seus resultados clínicos são comparáveis e, algumas vezes, superiores aos Europeus. Por outro lado, a segurança do tratamento foi maior na Europa, com menores taxas de complicações, especialmente gestações múltiplas.

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Registries , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Databases, Factual , Europe , Latin America
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 69-75, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002052


Abstract Graft-versus-host disease is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This study reviewed the prevalence of lower female genital tract graft-versus-host disease following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A systematic search of the literature for articles published between 1982 and 2015 was performed. A growing number of young women suffering from malignant and benign hematological diseases are receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with very satisfactory results in relation to the disease itself. However, these patients face gynecological problems due to graft-versus-host disease. Correct diagnosis and early management are needed to avoid irreversible complications.

Humans , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Genital Neoplasms, Female , Genitalia, Female , Graft vs Host Disease
Clinics ; 74: e989, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011914


OBJECTIVE: Rapidly dividing cells in multiple types of cancer and inflammatory diseases undergo high low density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake for membrane synthesis, and coupling an LDL-like nanoemulsion, containing lipid nanoparticles (LDE) to a chemotherapeutic agent efficiently targets these cells without significant systemic effects. This was a prospective exploratory study that evaluated the uptake of a radioactively labeled LDE emulsion by receptors of endometriotic foci and the capacity of the LDE for cellular internalization. METHODS: The lipid profile of each patient was determined before surgery, and labeled LDE were injected into fourteen patients with intestinal or nonintestinal endometriosis. The radioactivity of each tissue sample (intestinal endometriosis, nonintestinal endometriosis, healthy peritoneum, or topical endometrium) was measured. RESULTS: The group with intestinal endometriosis presented higher levels of plasma LDL but lower LDE uptake by foci than the nonintestinal group, suggesting less cell division and more fibrosis. The uptake of LDE was highest in the topical endometrium, followed by the healthy peritoneum, and lowest in the endometriotic lesion. Since the endometriotic foci showed significant LDE uptake, there was likely increased consumption of LDL by these cells, similar to cells in cancers and inflammatory diseases. Plasma cholesterol levels had no influence on LDE uptake, which showed that the direct delivery of the nanoemulsion to target tissues was independent of serum lipoproteins. There were no significant differences in the parameters (p>0.01) because of the small sample size, but the findings were similar to those of previous studies. CONCLUSION: Nanotechnology is a promising therapeutic option for surgery and hormonal blockage for deep endometriosis, with a lower complication rate and no systemic side effects.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Receptors, LDL/therapeutic use , Nanotechnology/methods , Endometriosis/therapy , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Emulsions , Endometriosis/physiopathology , Intestines , Lipids , Lipoproteins, LDL
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAE4510, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019800


ABSTRACT Objective To standardize the investigation and clinical management of women with laboratory and/or clinical abnormalities suggestive of thrombophilia, in order to optimize antithrombotic approach and indication of laboratory tests. Methodology A discussion was carried out among 107 physicians (gynecologists/obstetricians, hematologists and vascular surgeons) present at a forum held at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. As a minimum criterion, 80% agreement was established in the voting to each recommendation of conduct in the final document. The cases in which there was agreement below 80% were discussed again, reaching a consensual agreement of conduct for the document writing. Conclusion The standardization of an institutional consensus of suggestions of clinical approach contributes to a better management of the group to be evaluated and minimizes risks of intercurrent events. This was the first national consensus on the investigation of thrombophilia in women.

RESUMO Objetivo Padronizar a investigação e o manejo clínico de mulheres com anormalidades clínicas e exames laboratoriais sugestivos de trombofilia, para melhorar a abordagem antitrombótica e otimizar a indicação de exames laboratoriais. Metodologia Foi conduzida discussão incluindo 107 médicos (ginecologistas/obstetras, hematologistas e cirurgiões vasculares) participantes de um fórum realizado no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, em São Paulo (SP). Como critério mínimo, estabeleceu-se concordância de 80% em votação para cada recomendação de conduta registrada em documento como diretrizes finais. Os casos em que a concordância esteve abaixo de 80% foram rediscutidos, para definir consenso na conduta. Conclusão A padronização e o estabelecimento de consenso institucional, com sugestões para abordagem clínica, contribui para melhorar o manejo do grupo a ser avaliado e minimizar os riscos de intercorrências. Este foi o primeiro consenso nacional sobre investigação de trombofilia em mulheres.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Thrombophilia/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/etiology , Thrombophilia/drug therapy , Brazil , Mass Screening , Consensus
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 476-480, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891434


ABSTRACT Objective: This article presents the first series of robotic single-port hysterectomy cases performed at a hospital in Brazil. Methods: From November 2014 to October 2016, 11 patients were indicated to undergo, and nine of them were submitted to single-port hysterectomy using da Vinci Single-Site® platform. However, in two patients, due to multiple previous abdominal surgeries, large uterine volume, and/or a uterus with no mobility, a pneumoperitoneum was performed with a Verres needle, and the pelvic cavity was assessed using a 5mm optics endoscope. In these cases, single-port surgery was not recommended; therefore, multiportal robotic access was chosen, and no intercurrent events were reported. Nine single-port cases were operated on by the same surgeon at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Patient data analyzed included age, body mass index, previous surgeries, and clinical diagnosis. Surgical data included operative time, skin incision, report of intraoperative complications, need for conversion to laparotomy, need for transfer to intensive care unit, need for blood transfusion, inadvertent injury to other organs, length of hospital stay, and death. Results: All cases were completed with da Vinci Single-Site® system, with no intercurrent events. Four patients presented with adenomyosis as the surgical indication, two had uterine myoma, one endometrial cancer, one endometrial polyp, and one desquamative inflammatory vaginitis. The mean age of patients was 44 years (range, 40 to 54 years), and body mass index varied between 23.4 and 33.2kg/m2 (mean 26.4). No complications occurred in any of the cases, such as intestinal or bladder injury, bleeding, or the need for a second surgery. All nine procedures were completed with the robotic single-port access, and no patient required a blood transfusion. Conclusion: Although this study merely presented an initial series of patients submitted to robotic single-port surgery, it demonstrated that the method is feasible and safe, suggesting the possible use of this technique in elective hysterectomy and other gynecological procedures in the future, as described in large reference centers of advanced surgery worldwide. Specifically, in gynecological practice, existing evidence on the use of robot-assisted, single-port surgery seems promising, and although it is not indicated in all cases, it should be considered as a surgical option. Nonetheless, further randomized and controlled clinical studies are necessary to establish the preeminence of robot-assisted, single-port surgery versus single-incision and conventional laparoscopy.

RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar a primeira série de casos de histerectomia usando sistema robótico de portal único (single-port) em hospital no Brasil. Métodos: No período de novembro de 2014 a outubro 2016, de modo inédito no Brasil, 11 pacientes tiveram indicação inicial e 9 delas foram submetidas à histerectomia por portal único, com a plataforma da Vinci Single-Site®. Em duas pacientes, devido a múltiplas cirurgias abdominais prévias, grande volume uterino e/ou útero sem mobilidade, optou-se pela instalação de pneumoperitônio com agulha de Verres e inspeção da cavidade pélvica com ótica de 5mm, constatando-se, nestes casos, não ser viável a cirurgia por single-port, levando-se, assim, à opção pela técnica robótica multiportal, sem intercorrências. Os nove casos single-port foram operados por um mesmo cirurgião, no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Os dados analisados das pacientes foram idade, índice de massa corporal, cirurgias anteriores e diagnóstico clínico. Os dados relacionados à cirurgia foram tempo operatório, incisão da pele, registro de complicações intraoperatórias, necessidade de conversão para laparotomia, necessidade de transferência para unidade de terapia intensiva, necessidade de transfusão sanguínea, lesão inadivertida de outros órgãos, tempo de internação e óbito. Resultados: Todos os casos foram concluídos sem intercorrências com a plataforma da Vinci Single-Site®. Quatro pacientes apresentavam adenomiose como indicação cirúrgica, duas apresentavam mioma uterino, uma câncer de endométrio, um pólipo endometrial e uma hidrorreia. A média de idade das pacientes foi 44 anos (variando de 40 a 54 anos) e o índice de massa corporal variou entre 23,4 a 33,2kg/m2 (média de 26,4). Nenhum caso teve qualquer tipo de complicação, como lesão intestinal ou vesical, sangramento ou necessidade de reabordagem cirúrgica. Todos os nove procedimentos foram concluídos com o portal único robótico, e nenhuma paciente necessitou de transfusão sanguínea. Conclusão: Apesar deste trabalho apresentar apenas uma série inicial de pacientes operadas por portal único robótico, ele demonstra a factibilidade do método e indica a possibilidade futura de adotar esta técnica em histerectomias eletivas e em outros procedimentos ginecológicos, assim como descrito em grandes centros de referência em cirurgia avançada no mundo. Especificamente na prática ginecológica, a evidência existente sobre o uso de portal único robô-assistido parece ser promissora e, ainda que nem todos os casos tenham indicação, é necessário que exista esta opção no arsenal cirúrgico. No entanto, estudos clínicos aleatorizados e controlados são necessários, a fim de se estabelecer a superioridade da cirurgia robótica por portal único diante da cirurgia laparoscópica com incisão única e da cirurgia laparoscópica convencional.

Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hysterectomy/methods , Pneumoperitoneum , Umbilicus/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Operative Time , Leiomyoma/surgery , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(10): 876-882, Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896294


Summary Introduction: Sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent, affecting 40% of the female population. The incidence of such dysfunction is known to be higher among women with malignant breast disease and in patients with depression or anxiety. However, there are few data regarding the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among women with benign breast disease (BBD). Objective: To evaluate the incidence of sexual dysfunction, depression and anxiety among women with BBD, in comparison with that observed for healthy women. Method: We evaluated the incidence of sexual dysfunction in 60 patients with benign breast disease (fibroadenomas, breast cysts, breast pain and phyllodes tumor) and 69 healthy women (control group). Participants completed the Sexual Quotient Questionnaire for Females (SQQ-F), the Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Statistical analysis revealed that depression and anxiety were comparable between BBD and control groups (10.3 vs. 20.3% and 38.7 vs. 34.3%, respectively, p>0.05). The mean SQQ-F score (65.6±22.7 vs. 70.1±16.8; p>0.05) and sexual dysfunction (33.3 vs. 25.4%; p=0.324) were similar between BBD and control groups. Conclusion: We found no differences between women with BBD and healthy women in terms of the incidence of sexual dysfunction, anxiety and depression. Nevertheless, given the high prevalence of this condition, it is important to assess sexual quality of life, as well as overall quality of life, in women with BBD.

Resumo Introdução: A disfunção sexual é altamente prevalente, afetando 40% da população feminina. A incidência de tal disfunção é conhecida por ser maior entre as mulheres com câncer de mama e pacientes com ansiedade e depressão. No entanto, existem poucos dados sobre a prevalência de disfunção sexual entre mulheres com doença benigna da mama (BBD). Objetivo: Avaliar a incidência de disfunção sexual, depressão e ansiedade em mulheres com BBD, em comparação a mulheres saudáveis. Método: Avaliamos a incidência de disfunção sexual em 60 pacientes com doença benigna da mama (fibroadenomas, cistos mamários, dor mamária e tumor phyllodes) e 69 mulheres saudáveis (grupo controle). As participantes completaram o Questionário de Quociente Sexual para Mulheres (SQQ-F), o Inventário de Depressão de Beck e o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck. A análise estatística revelou que a depressão e a ansiedade eram comparáveis entre os grupos BBD e controle (10,3 vs. 20,3% e 38,7 vs. 34,3%, respectivamente, p>0,05). O escore médio de SQQ-F (65,6±22,7 vs. 70,1±16,8; p>0,05) e a disfunção sexual (33,3 vs. 25,4%; p=0,324) foram semelhantes entre os grupos BBD e controle. Conclusão: Não encontramos diferenças entre mulheres com BBD e mulheres saudáveis em termos de incidência de disfunção sexual, ansiedade e depressão. No entanto, dada a alta prevalência dessa condição, é importante avaliar a qualidade de vida sexual, bem como a qualidade de vida global, em mulheres com BBD.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Breast Diseases/epidemiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/physiopathology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life , Sexual Behavior/physiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Diseases/physiopathology , Breast Diseases/psychology , Case-Control Studies , Incidence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/physiopathology , Depressive Disorder/physiopathology , Middle Aged
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(1): 65-70, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840286


ABSTRACT Objective To determine the correlations between coping strategies, depression, stress levels and pain perception in patients with endometriosis. Methods This prospective and exploratory study included 171 women undergoing treatment for endometriosis between April and August 2014. The questionnaires used were Brief COPE, Beck Depression Inventory, Lipp’s Stress Symptom Inventory for Adults and Visual Analogue Scale. Clinical data were collected from electronic medical records. Results Patients with endometriosis who used positive coping strategies had better adaptation to stress (p<0.004) and less depression (p<0.004). The presence and intensity of depression, stress and acyclic pelvic pain were directly associated (p<0.05). The intensity of dysmenorrhea was associated with the degree of depression (p<0.001), whereas acyclic pelvic pain was associated with the degree of depression (p<0.001), stress level (p<0.001) and stress type (p<0.001). Conclusion We found a positive association between coping, depression levels, type and levels of stress and pain intensity in patients with endometriosis. The use of maladaptive coping strategies focused on emotion is correlated with increase in depression and stress.

RESUMO Objetivo Observar a correlação entre estratégias de enfrentamento, depressão, níveis de estresse e percepção de dor em pacientes com endometriose. Métodos Estudo prospectivo e exploratório, que incluiu 171 mulheres em tratamento por endometriose entre abril e agosto de 2014. Foram utilizadas as escalas: COPE Breve, Inventário de Depressão de Beck, Inventário de Sintomas de Stress para Adultos de Lipp e a Escala Visual Analógica. Os dados clínicos foram coletados do prontuário eletrônico. Resultados Pacientes com endometriose que utilizaram estratégias positivas de enfrentamento apresentaram melhor adaptação ao estresse (p<0,004) e menos depressão (p<0,004). A presença e a intensidade da depressão, do estresse e da dor pélvica estiveram diretamente associadas (p<0,05). A intensidade da dismenorreia foi associada com o grau de depressão (p<0,001), enquanto a intensidade da dor pélvica acíclica esteve associada com o grau de depressão (p<0,001), nível de estresse (p<0,001) e tipo de estresse (p<0,001). Conclusão Houve associação positiva entre coping, níveis de depressão, tipo e níveis de estresse e intensidade da dor nas pacientes com endometriose. A utilização de estratégias de coping desadaptativa focada na emoção está correlacionada com o aumento da depressão e do estresse.

Humans , Female , Adult , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological/physiology , Pelvic Pain/psychology , Depression/psychology , Endometriosis/psychology , Endometriosis/therapy , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/prevention & control , Severity of Illness Index , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Pelvic Pain/prevention & control , Depression/prevention & control , Visual Analog Scale
Rev. homeopatia (Säo Paulo) ; 80(3/4): 134-135, 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973275


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of potentized estrogen compared to placebo in homeopathic treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain (EAPP). Study design: The present was a 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebocontrolled trial that included 50 women aged 18-45 years old with diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis based on magnetic resonance imaging or transvaginal ultrasound after bowel preparation, and score ≥ 5 on a visual analogue scale (VAS: range 0 to 10 points) for endometriosis-associated pelvic pain. Potentized estrogen (12cH, 18cH and 24cH) or placebo was administered twice daily per oral route. The primary outcome measure was change in the severity of EAPP global and partial scores (VAS) from baseline to week 24, determined as the difference in the mean score of five modalities of chronic pelvic pain (dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, non-cyclic pelvic pain, cyclic bowel pain and/or cyclic urinary pain). The secondary outcome measures were mean score difference for quality of life assessed with SF-36 Health Survey Questionnaire, depression symptoms on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and anxiety symptoms on Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). RESULTS: The EAPP global score (VAS: range 0 to 50 points) decreased by 12.82 (p< 0.001) in the group treated with potentized estrogen from baseline to week 24. Group that used potentized estrogen also exhibited partial score (VAS: range 0 to 10 points) reduction in three EAPP modalities: dysmenorrhea (3.28; p< 0.001), non-cyclic pelvic pain (2.71; p= 0.009), and cyclic bowel pain (3.40; p< 0.001). Placebo group did not show any significant changes in EAPP global or partial scores. [...] CONCLUSIONS: Potentized estrogen (12cH, 18cH and 24cH) at a dose of 3 drops twice daily for 24 weeks was significantly more effective than placebo for reducing endometriosis-associated pelvic pain. Trial registration: Identifier:

Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Homeopathy , Homeopathic Remedy , Rebound Effect , Endometriosis , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Pelvic Pain/therapy
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 42(6): 372-375, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771150


Objective: To evaluate the epidemiological profile and the operative complications of patients undergoing gynecological operations for benign diseases in a tertiary public hospital in the state of Roraima, Brazil. Methods: We conducted a retrospective survey through the analysis of 518 records of patients submitted to gynecological operations between January and June 2012. We included the three major operations during this period (n = 175): hysterectomy, colpoperineoplasty and suburethral sling placement. We excluded 236 cases of tubal ligation and 25 cases where it was not possible to access to medical records. Results: The mean age was 47.6 years; the education level of most patients was completed junior high (36.6%); 77% were from the State capital, 47.4% were in stable relationships and 26.3% were housewives. The majority of patients had given birth three or more times (86.6%), with previous vaginal delivery in 50.2%, and cesarean delivery, 21%. The main diagnostic indications for surgical treatment were uterine myoma (46.3%), urinary incontinence (27.4%) and genital dystopias (17.7%). We found three cases (1.7%) of high-grade intraepithelial lesions on Pap smear. The most common procedure was total hysterectomy (19.8%), 15.5% vaginally. The most common complication was wound infection (2.2%). Conclusion: Women undergoing gynecological operations due to benign disease had a mean age of 47 years, most had levels of basic education, came from the capital, were in stable relationships, predominantly housewives, multiparous and showed low operative complication rates.

Objetivo: avaliar o perfil epidemiológico e as complicações operatórias das pacientes submetidas à operações ginecológicas realizadas devido à presença de doenças benignas em um hospital público terciário no Estado de Roraima, Brasil. Métodos: foi realizado um levantamento retrospectivo, por meio da análise de prontuários de 518 pacientes submetidas à operações ginecológicas entre os meses de janeiro e junho de 2012. Foram incluídas as três principais operações realizadas nesse período (n=175): histerectomia, colpoperineoplastia e colocação de sling suburetral. Foram excluídos 236 casos de laqueadura tubária e 25 casos em que não foi possível acesso ao prontuário médico. Resultados: A média etária foi 47,6 anos, predominaram pacientes com ensino fundamental (36,6%), provenientes da capital (77%), com relações estáveis (47,4%) e ocupação prevalente "do lar" (26,3%). As pacientes, em sua maioria, tinham antecedentes três ou mais partos (86,6%), com via vaginal prévia em 50,2% e parto cesáreo prévio em 21%. Os principais diagnósticos indicativos de tratamento cirúrgico foram: mioma uterino (46,3%), incontinência urinária de esforço (27,4%) e distopias genitais (17,7%). Foram encontrados três casos (1,7%) de lesões intraepiteliais de alto grau na colpocitologia oncótica. A operação mais realizada foi a histerectomia total (19,8%), sendo 15,5% por via vaginal. A complicação mais frequente foi a infecção de ferida operatória (2,2%). Conclusão: as mulheres submetidas às operações ginecológicas devido à doenças benignas apresentavam média etária de 47 anos, a maioria tinha nível de escolaridade fundamental, eram provenientes da capital, tinham união estável, eram predominantemente do lar, multíparas e apresentaram taxas de complicações operatórias baixas.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Suburethral Slings , Middle Aged