Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1515-1520, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143627

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD 4) concentration and PADI4 polymorphisms as predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) development, the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), and mortality in patients with septic shock. METHODS: We included all individuals aged ≥ 18 years, with a diagnosis of septic shock at ICU admission. Blood samples were taken within the first 24 hours of the patient's admission to determine serum PAD4 concentration and its PADI4 polymorphism (rs11203367) and (rs874881). Patients were monitored during their ICU stay and the development of SAKI was evaluated. Among the patients in whom SAKI developed, mortality and the need for RRT were also evaluated. RESULTS: There were 99 patients, 51.5% of whom developed SAKI and of these, 21.5% needed RRT and 80% died in the ICU. There was no difference between PAD4 concentration (p = 0.116) and its polymorphisms rs11203367 (p = 0.910) and rs874881 (p = 0.769) in patients in whom SAKI did or did not develop. However, PAD4 had a positive correlation with plasma urea concentration (r = 0.269 and p = 0.007) and creatinine (r = 0.284 and p = 0.004). The PAD4 concentration and PADI4 polymorphisms were also not associated with RRT and with mortality in patients with SAKI. CONCLUSION: PAD4 concentration and its polymorphisms were not associated with SAKI development, the need for RRT, or mortality in patients with septic shock. However, PAD4 concentrations were associated with creatinine and urea levels in these patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar a concentração da peptidilarginina deiminase 4 (PAD4) e os polimorfismos de PADI4, como preditores de desenvolvimento de lesão renal aguda, necessidade de terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) e mortalidade em pacientes com choque séptico. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos indivíduos com idade ≥18 anos, com diagnóstico de choque séptico na admissão na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Amostras de sangue foram coletadas nas primeiras 24 horas após a admissão do paciente para determinar a concentração sérica de PAD4 e seus polimorfismos PADI4 (rs11203367) e (rs874881). Os pacientes foram acompanhados durante a internação na UTI e tiveram avaliados desenvolvimento da lesão renal aguda séptica (Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury - Saki), necessidade TRS e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 99 pacientes; 51,5% desenvolveram Saki e, desses, 21,5% necessitaram de TRS e 80% morreram na UTI. Não houve diferença entre a concentração de PAD4 (p=0,116) e seus polimorfismos rs11203367 (p=0,910) e rs874881 (p=0,769) entre os pacientes. No entanto, o PAD4 apresentou correlação positiva com a concentração plasmática de ureia (r=0,269; p=0,007) e creatinina (r=0,284; p=0,004). A concentração de PAD4 e os polimorfismos da PADI4 também não foram associados à TRS e à mortalidade em pacientes com Saki. CONCLUSÕES: A concentração de PAD4 e seus polimorfismos não foram associados ao desenvolvimento de Saki, à necessidade de TRS ou à mortalidade em pacientes com choque séptico. No entanto, as concentrações de PAD4 foram associadas às concentrações de creatinina e ureia nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sepsis , Acute Kidney Injury/genetics , Renal Replacement Therapy , Protein-Arginine Deiminases/genetics , Intensive Care Units
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(1): 78-86, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) is a fruit with high antioxidant capacity and could be an adjuvant strategy to attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury. Objective: To evaluate the influence of açaí in global ischemia-reperfusion model in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were assigned to 2 groups: Control (C: receiving standard chow; n = 9) and Açaí (A: receiving standard chow supplemented with 5% açaí; n = 10). After six weeks, the animals were subjected to the global ischemia-reperfusion protocol and an isolated heart study to evaluate left ventricular function. Level of significance adopted: 5%. Results: There was no difference between the groups in initial body weight, final body weight and daily feed intake. Group A presented lower lipid hydroperoxide myocardial concentration and higher catalase activity, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase than group C. We also observed increased myocardial activity of b-hydroxyacyl coenzyme-A dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, complex I, complex II and ATP synthase in the A group as well as lower activity of the lactate dehydrogenase and phosphofructokinase enzymes. The systolic function was similar between the groups, and the A group presented poorer diastolic function than the C group. We did not observe any difference between the groups in relation to myocardial infarction area, total and phosphorylated NF-kB, total and acetylated FOXO1, SIRT1 and Nrf-2 protein expression. Conclusion: despite improving energy metabolism and attenuating oxidative stress, açai supplementation did not decrease the infarcted area or improve left ventricular function in the global ischemia-reperfusion model.


Resumo Fundamento: Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) é uma fruta com alta capacidade antioxidante e pode ser uma estratégia adjuvante para atenuar a lesão de isquemia-reperfusão. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do açaí no modelo global de isquemia-reperfusão em ratos. Metodologia: Ratos Wistar foram divididos em 2 grupos: Controle (C: recebendo ração padrão; n = 9) e Açaí (A: recebendo ração padrão suplementada com 5% de açaí; n = 10). Após seis semanas, os animais foram submetidos ao protocolo global de isquemia-reperfusão e a estudo do coração isolado para avaliar a função ventricular esquerda. Nível de significância adotado: 5%. Resultados: Não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao peso corporal inicial e final, e a ingestão diária de ração. O grupo A apresentou menor concentração miocárdica de hidroperóxido lipídico e maior atividade de catalase, superóxido dismutase e glutationa peroxidase do que o grupo C. Também observamos aumento da atividade miocárdica da b-hidroxiacil coenzima-A desidrogenase, piruvato desidrogenase, citrato sintase, complexo I, complexo II e ATP sintase no grupo A, bem como menor atividade das enzimas lactato desidrogenase e fosfofructoquinase. A função sistólica foi semelhante entre os grupos, e o grupo A apresentou função diastólica pior que C. Não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos em relação à área de infarto do miocárdio, e expressão proteica de NF-kB total e fosforilado, e das proteínas FOXO1, SIRT1 e Nrf-2. Conclusão: apesar de melhorar o metabolismo energético e atenuar o estresse oxidativo, a suplementação de açaí não diminuiu a área infartada nem melhorou a função ventricular esquerda no modelo global de isquemia-reperfusão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Energy Metabolism/drug effects , Euterpe/chemistry , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Energy Metabolism/physiology
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(8): 1074-1079, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041061

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Framingham risk score (FRS) and risk score by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (SR ACC/AHA) in predicting mortality of patients ten years after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study that included patients aged ≥ 18 years with ACS who were hospitalized at the Coronary Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Botucatu Medical School Hospital from January 2005 to December of 2006. RESULTS A total of 447 patients were evaluated. Of these, 118 were excluded because the mortality in 10 years was not obtained. Thus, 329 patients aged 62.9 ± 13.0 years were studied. Among them, 58.4% were men, and 44.4% died within ten years of hospitalization. The median FRS was 16 (14-18) %, and the ACC/AHA RS was 18.5 (9.1-31.6). Patients who died had higher values of both scores. However, when we classified patients at high cardiovascular risk, only the ACC/AHA RS was associated with mortality (p <0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, both scores were associated with mortality at ten years (p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS Both FRS and SR ACC/AHA were associated with mortality. However, for patients classified as high risk, only the ACC/AHA RS was associated with mortality within ten years.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a performance do escore de risco de Framingham (ERF) e do escore proposto pela American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ER ACC/AHA) em predizer a mortalidade em pacientes dez anos após síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA). MÉTODOS Trata-se de um estudo de coorte retrospectivo que incluiu pacientes com idade ≥18 anos, com SCA, que estiveram internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Coronariana (UTI) do Hospital das Clínicas de Botucatu, no período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2006. RESULTADOS Foram avaliados 447 pacientes. Destes, 118 foram excluídos, pois a mortalidade em dez anos não foi obtida. Logo, 329 pacientes com idade de 62,9±13,0 anos foram estudados. Dentre eles, 58,4% eram homens e 44,4% morreram no período de dez anos após a internação. A mediana do ERF foi de 16 (14-18)%, e do ER ACC/AHA foi 18,5 (9,1-31,6)%. Os pacientes que evoluíram a óbito apresentaram maiores valores dos escores. No entanto, quando classificamos os pacientes em alto risco cardiovascular, apenas o ER ACC/AHA foi associado com a mortalidade (p<0,001). Na análise de regressão logística, ambos os escores foram associados com a mortalidade em dez anos (p<0,001). CONCLUSÕES Tanto o ERF quanto o ER ACC/AHA foram associados com a mortalidade. No entanto, para os pacientes classificados como alto risco, apenas o ER ACC/AHA foi associado com a mortalidade em dez anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Middle Aged
5.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 42: 1-6, Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-881547

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between phase angle (PhA), sarcopenia, and the length of stay (LOS) in the coronary intensive care unit (ICU) in patients with non-ST acute coronary syndrome(NSTE-ACS).Methods: This was a prospective observational study that evaluated 80 patients with NSTE-ACS over the age of18 years, admitted to the ICU from January to June 2014. Upon admission, the patients'demographic information was recorded. Handgrip strength and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) were performed, and blood samples were taken within the first 72 h of admission. All of the patients were followed during their ICU stays. Results: We evaluated 80 patients, five were excluded due to impossibility of assessing handgrip strength, and seven patients were not subjected to BIA. Thus, 68 patients with a mean age of 63.3 ± 13.1 years were included in the analysis. Among these patients, 60.1% were male, 27.9% of the patients had sarcopenia, 8.8% had LOSs≥8 days, and median phase angle was 6.5 (6.1­7.3)°. Multiple logistic regression adjusted for age and gender revealed tha PhA was not associated with the presence of sarcopenia. Additionally, PhA (OR 0.337; CI 95% 0.118­0.961;p= 0.04)but not sarcopenia (OR 0.517; CI 95% 0.055­4.879;p= 0.56) was associated with an increased LOS. Conclusions: PhA is associated with LOS in patients with NSTE-ACS. Additionally, there was no association between PhA and sarcopenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Body Composition/physiology , Sarcopenia/complications , Vitamin D/blood
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 242-247, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956438

ABSTRACT

Summary Introduction: The mortality rate attributed to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has decreased in the world. However, this disease is still responsible for high costs for health systems. Several factors could decrease mortality in these patients, including implementation of cardiac intensive care units (CICU). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CICU implementation on prescribed recommended treatments and mortality 30 days after STEMI. Method: We performed a retrospective study with patients admitted to CICU between 2005 and 2006 (after group) and between 2000 and 2002, before CICU implementation (before group). Results: The after group had 101 patients, while the before group had 143 patients. There were no differences in general characteristics between groups. We observed an increase in angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, clopidogrel and statin prescriptions after CICU implementation. We did not find differences regarding number of patients submitted to reperfusion therapy; however, there was an increase in primary percutaneous angioplasty compared with thrombolytic therapy in the after group. There was no difference in 30-day mortality (before: 10.5%; after: 8.9%; p=0.850), but prescription of recommended treatments was high in both groups. Prescription of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blocker decreased mortality risk by 4.4 and 4.9 times, respectively. Conclusion: CICU implementation did not reduce mortality after 30 days in patients with STEMI; however, it increased the prescription of standard treatment for these patients.


Resumo Introdução: Apesar da diminuição da mortalidade por infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAM-ST) no mundo, a doença ainda acarreta elevados custos e morbidade. Muitas medidas contribuem para a redução da mortalidade, dentre elas a criação de unidades intensivas coronarianas (UCO). Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da criação de uma UCO na prescrição de tratamentos preconizados e na mortalidade em 30 dias em pacientes com IAM-ST. Método: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo e foram coletados dados de prontuários de pacientes internados na UCO de 2005 a 2006 (grupo depois). Esses dados foram comparados com dados do serviço de 2000 a 2002, previamente à criação da UCO (grupo antes). Resultados: Havia 101 e 143 pacientes nos grupos depois e antes, respectivamente. Não houve diferenças em relação às características populacionais e às características do infarto entre os períodos. Observamos aumento na prescrição de iECA, clopidogrel e estatinas. Apesar da ausência de mudanças no número de pacientes que receberam terapia de reperfusão, houve aumento de angioplastias primárias em detrimento ao uso de trombolíticos no período posterior à criação da UCO. Não observamos diminuição da mortalidade em 30 dias após IAM-ST (antes: 10,5%; depois: 8,9%; p=0,850), mas a prescrição de tratamentos preconizados foi alta em ambos os períodos. O uso de iECA e de betabloqueador diminuiu o risco de morte em 4,4 e 4,9 vezes, respectivamente. Conclusão: Em pacientes com IAM-ST, a criação da UCO não reduziu a mortalidade em 30 dias, mas houve aumento na prescrição de tratamentos preconizados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Care Units/statistics & numerical data , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
7.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 41: 1-7, Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-880596

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of the study is to evaluate the influence of serum vitamin D concentrations and smoking status in cardiac structure and function. Methods: The participants of this study were healthy women smokers (n = 18, mean age 52.8 years), ex-smokers ( n = 18, mean age 51.7 years), and never smokers ( n = 19, mean age 44.4 years). All participants underwent assessment of body composition, dietary intake, sun exposure frequency, vitamin D serum determination, and echocardiographic assessment. All data underwent statistical analysis. Results: The three groups were classified as overweight. The group of ex-smokers showed significantly higher vitamin D serum concentrations. Smoker group showed a higher posterior wall thickness (PW), left ventricular mass, and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). We identified positive correlations between LVMI and smoking history, PW and vitamin D serum, and body mass index and time of smoking history. Multiple linear regressions showed positive association of smoking history and LVMI and PW, also that serum vitamin D has a positive association with PW. PW was associated with smoking history and serum vitamin D, showing a deleterious effect on the heart of both variables. Conclusions: Smoking habit in adult women was associated with cardiac remodeling, and excess of vitamin Dis associated with the action of smoking on cardiac variables. Thus, higher serum vitamin D values have a deleterious effect on the heart in this model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathies/prevention & control , Smoking/adverse effects , Vitamin D/analysis , Vitamin D/therapeutic use
8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-724259

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the utility of variables that represent unmeasured anions (anion gap, anion gap corrected for albumin, anion gap corrected for albumin and lactate, base excess and modified base excess) to predict mortality in medical intensive care unit patients. METHODS: This prospective study included 156 con secutive patients admitted to a medical intensive care unit in a Medical school hospital between August 2006 and June 2007. Serum levels of potassium, sodium, chloride, C-reactive protein, albumin, and lactate were measured. Variables that re- present unmeasured anions and APACHE II score were calcula- ted. RESULTS: Among the studied patients, 60.9% were male, and mean age was 59.2±17.2 years. Mortality rate was 31.4%. Spearman?s test showed correlation among unmeasured anions and lactate. Comparison between survivors and non-survivors showed differences in length of intensive care unit stay, APACHE II score, albumin, C-reactive protein, lactate, anion gap corrected for albumin, base excess, and modified base excess. Anion gap corrected for albumin, base excess, and modified base excess are predictors of medical intensive care unit mortality; however, theirs areas under the ROC curves are smaller than APACHE II score and C-reactive protein. CONCLUSION: Variables that estimate unmeasured anions, such as anion gap corrected for albumin, base excess, and modified base excess, can be used to predict mortality in medical intensive care unit patients.(AU)


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a utilidade de variáveis que representam ânions não mensuráveis (ânion gap, ânion gap corrigido para a al- bumina, ânion gap corrigido para a albumina e lactato, excesso de base e excesso de base modificado) para prever a mortalidade em pacientes de unidade de terapia intensiva. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 156 pacientes consecutivos admitidos na unidade de terapia intensiva em um hospital escola de Medicina entre agosto de 2006 e junho de 2007. Os níveis séricos de potássio, sódio, cloreto, proteina C-reativa, albumina e lactato fo ram medidos. Foram calculadas variáveis que representaram os ânions não mensuráveis e APACHE II. RESULTADOS: Entre os pacientes estudados, 60,9% eram do sexo masculino, e a idade média foi de 59,2±17,2 anos. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 31,4%. O teste de Spearman mostrou correlação entre ânions não mensuráveis e lactato. A comparação entre sobreviventes e não sobreviventes mostrou diferenças no tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva, APACHE II, albumina, proteína C-reativa, lactato, ânion gap corrigido para a albumina, excesso de base e excesso de base modificado. Ânion gap corrigido para a albumina, excesso de base e excesso de base modificado foram preditores de mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva médica, mas as áreas sob as curvas ROC foram menores do que o escore APACHE II e a proteína C-reativa. CONCLUSÃO: Variáveis que estimam ânions não mensuráveis, como o ânion gap corrigido para a albumina, o excesso de base e o excesso de base modificado, podem ser usados para prever a mortalidade em pacientes em unidade de terapia intensiva clínica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Acid-Base Equilibrium , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , APACHE , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units , Statistical Analysis , Hospital Mortality
9.
Clinics ; 69(5): 354-359, 2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The effects of acute continuous positive airway pressure therapy on left ventricular diastolic function and functional capacity in patients with compensated systolic heart failure remain unclear. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included 43 patients with heart failure and a left ventricular ejection fraction <0.50 who were in functional classes I-III according to the New York Heart Association criteria. Twenty-three patients were assigned to continuous positive airway pressure therapy (10 cmH2O), while 20 patients received placebo with null pressure for 30 minutes. All patients underwent a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and Doppler echocardiography before and immediately after intervention. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01088854. RESULTS: The groups had similar clinical and echocardiographic baseline variables. Variation in the diastolic function index (e′) after intervention was associated with differences in the distance walked in both groups. However, in the continuous positive airway pressure group, this difference was greater (continuous positive airway pressure group: Δ6MWT = 9.44+16.05×Δe′, p = 0.002; sham group: Δ6MWT = 7.49+5.38×Δe′; p = 0.015). There was a statistically significant interaction between e′ index variation and continuous positive airway pressure for the improvement of functional capacity (p = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous positive airway pressure does not acurately change the echocardiographic indexes of left ventricle systolic or diastolic function in patients with compensated systolic heart failure. However, 30-minute continuous positive airway pressure therapy appears to have an effect on left ventricular diastolic function by increasing functional capacity. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/methods , Diastole/physiology , Heart Failure, Systolic/therapy , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Double-Blind Method , Exercise Test , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Heart Failure, Systolic/physiopathology , Heart Failure, Systolic , Prospective Studies
10.
J. bras. med ; 99(3): 8-12, Out.-Dez. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-612613

ABSTRACT

Após o infarto agudo do miocárdio podem ocorrer complexas alterações da arquitetura ventricular, envolvendo tanto a região infartada como a região não infartada. Há alguns anos, essas alterações passaram a ser designadas como remodelação ventricular pós-infarto. Do ponto de vista clínico, a remodelação está associada ao pior prognóstico após a oclusão coronária. Assim, a remodelação predispõe o coração infartado à ruptura ventricular e é o substrato fisiopatológico para a posterior formação do aneurisma ventricular. Cronicamente, a remodelação está associada com maior prevalência de arritmias malignas, principalmente a taquicardia ventricular sustentada e a fibrilação ventricular. O aspecto mais relevante da remodelação pós-infarto, no entanto, é que esse processo desempenha papel fundamental na fisiopatologia da disfunção ventricular. Aspecto a ser considerado refere-se ao fato de que a evolução do processo de remodelação pode ser modificado por meio de diversas intervenções terapêuticas. Entre as estratégias para atenuar a remodelação ventricular destacam-se: terapia de reperfusão, inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina e antagonistas da angiotensina II, betabloqueadores, antagonistas da aldosterona e dispositivos de assistência circulatória.


After acute myocardial infarction (AMI), complex changes in ventricular architecture may occur involving the infarcted and the non-infarcted region. This set of adaptations, which includes changes in the composition, mass, volume and geometry of the heart, is known as myocardial remodeling. In relation to clinical significance, the intensity of the ventricular remodeling process is directly associated with worse prognosis, due to the higher incidence of aneurysm formation, ventricular rupture and arrhythmia, and is also associated with the progression of ventricular dysfunction. A relevant aspect to be considered is that a number of strategies have been employed to prevent or mitigate the process of ventricular remodeling following AMI, for instance: reperfusion therapy, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II antagonists, beta-adrenergic receptor blockade, aldosterone antagonists, and left ventricular assist devices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Angiotensin II/antagonists & inhibitors , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Nitrates/therapeutic use , Recovery of Function , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Myocardial Reperfusion , Assisted Circulation , Ventricular Dysfunction/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction/therapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL