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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912435


Objective:To summarize and analyze the risk of pregnancy recurrence of women with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) birth history in families with new DMD gene mutations, clarify the laws of DMD gene mutations and discuss the mode of genetic counseling in such families.Methods:Collected DMD families from January 2013 to December 2017 in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital. Firstly, the 79 exons of DMD gene were analyzed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in DMD patients and their mothers. The families that DMD patients with DMD gene mutations but no mutations in their mothers were selected for this study, and then MLPA combined with STR-gene linkage analysis were used to perform prenatal diagnosis for females in these DMD gene new mutation families.Results:A total of 64 families with new DMD gene mutations were included in this study. All mutations were DMD gene exon deletion mutations. A total of 65 fetuses were conducted prenatal diagnosis, included 26 SRY negative, 39 SRY positive; 63 fetuses′ DMD gene normal and 2 fetues′ DMD gene with exon deletion mutations. The results of postpartum follow-up and prenatal diagnosis were consistent.Conclusions:Exon mutations in newly mutated DMD families were mainly manifested as exon deletion, mainly presented in the 45-55 exon region. For families with new DMD mutations, even if there is no DMD gene mutation in women which had reproductive history of DMD, prenatal diagnosis for DMD during pregnancy was still recommended.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781286


OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for 90 families affected with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), and discuss the necessity for carrier screening.@*METHODS@#All families were subjected to multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis. Combined MLPA and allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) was used for prenatal diagnosis of the pregnant women.@*RESULTS@#Among the 90 couples, 84 (93%) had a negative family history, 85 (94%) had given birth to an affected child before. Eighty-five husbands and 88 wives carried heterozygous deletion of exon 7 of the SMN1 gene. Two wives had homozygous deletion of exon 7 of the SMN1 gene and were affected. Prenatal diagnosis showed that 19 fetuses were SMA patients, 48 fetuses were carriers, and 23 fetuses were normal. Of note, eighteen affected fetuses were conceived by couples without a family history, which accounted for 20% of all pregnancies and 95% of all affected fetuses.@*CONCLUSION@#To screen SMA carriers using MLPA and carry out prenatal diagnosis using combined MLPA and AS-PCR can ensure accurate diagnosis, which has a significant value for the prevention of SMA affected births.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712192


Objective To conduct genetic diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis for a haemophilia B family with multi-nucleotides deletion mutation of F9 gene.Methods This is a genetic analysis.Whole exon mutation of the F9 gene was analyzed by PCR and Sanger sequencing for seven patients with the family of hemophilia B who consulted doctors in Henan Province People′s Hospital in April 2013.Suspected mutation was verified among non-hemophilia B members of the family and 100 healthy controls to rule out genetic polymorphism of the F9 gene.The above-mentioned detection results of hemophilia B gene , the pathogenic mutation of F9 gene in the family was clarified , and prenatal diagnosis was conducted for the female carriers in the family.It is recommended that the fetal gene detection should be conducted in amniotic fluid in the mid-term pregnancy of the female carriers of hemophilia , and then they can be informed of the non-hemophilia B fetus by the results of the gene detection .Results PCR and sequencing analysis has identified a deletion mutation of F9 gene c.185_188delGAGA[p.Glu62Asnfs?41]in seven hemophilia B patients.This mutation induced F9 gene frame shift mutation which led to early termination of F9 gene translation because there was a termination codon TAA at the 41th codon after the mutation site.The same mutation was not found among the non-hemophilia B members of the family and the 100 healthy controls. There were eight female carriers and nine female non-carriers in the family.Upon prenatal diagnosis , the Y chromosome sex-determining gene ( SRY ) in amniotic fluid was positive and no deletion mutation was observed in the F9 gene c.185_188.Conclusion The pathogenic mutation of F9 gene in the family was identified , which was helpful for prenatal diagnosis in female carriers .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477893


Objective To evaluate the plasma level of miR-21 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and its clinical diagnostic significance .Methods Case-control study was used .The plasma level of miR-21 was measured by real-time quantitative PCR.The relative expressions of miR-21 were calculated. This study included 60 cases of patients with HCC , 71 patients with liver cirrhosis ( LC ) , 52 healthy volunteers ( HV) from January to June in 2014 in Henan Province People′s Hospital.The receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curves were analyzed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of miR-21 expression levels in HCC diagnosis. Differences between groups were assessed by the t-test.Results Plasma microRNA-21 level in the 60 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ( 2.6 ±1.1 ) was significantly higher than in patients with chronic hepatitis (1.6 ±0.9) and healthy volunteers (1.0 ±0.6) (t=5.322,P=0.004;t =8.349, P =0.000 3, respectively ) .Plasma microRNA-21 level in the HCC patients were positively correlated with tumor size and differentiation (tdif=3.366,P=0.019;tsize =3.490,P=0.012). ROC analysis of plasma microRNA-21 yielded an AUC of 0.796 with 70.0% sensitivity and 65.3%specificity when differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma from chronic hepatitis , and an AUC of 0.934 with 89.5% sensitivity and 81.8% specificity when differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma from healthy volunteers.Conclusion The plasma level of miR-21 in HCC patients has high specificity , and maybe help to diagnose of HCC.