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1.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 423-431, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966230

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Most of the causes of small bowel obstruction (SBO) in patients without a history of abdominal surgery are unclear at initial assessment. This study was conducted to identify the etiology and clinical characteristics of SBO in virgin abdomens and discuss the proper management. @*Methods@#A retrospective review involving operative cases of SBO from a single institute, which had no history of abdominal surgery, was conducted between January 2010 and December 2020. Clinical information, including radiological, operative, and pathologic findings, was investigated to determine the etiology of SBO. @*Results@#A total of 55 patients were included in this study, with a median age of 57 years and male sex (63.6%) constituting the majority. The most frequently reported symptoms were abdominal pain and nausea or vomiting. Neoplasm as an underlying cause accounted for 34.5% of the cases, of which 25.5% were malignant cases. In patients aged ≥60 years (n=23), small bowel neoplasms were the underlying cause in 12 (52.2%), of whom 9 (39.1%) were malignant cases. Adhesions and Crohn disease were more frequent in patients aged <60 years. Coherence between preoperative computed tomography scans and intraoperative findings was found in 63.6% of the cases. @*Conclusion@#There were various causes of surgical cases of SBO in virgin abdomens. In older patients, hidden malignancy should be considered as a possible cause of SBO in a virgin abdomen. Patients with symptoms of recurrent bowel obstruction who have no history of prior abdominal surgery require thorough medical history and close follow-up.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 335-343, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830411

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Because insertion of a foreign body (FB) into the anus is considered a taboo practice, patients with a retained rectal FB may hesitate to obtain medical care, and attending surgeons may lack experience with removing these FBs. We performed this study to evaluate the clinical characteristics of Korean patients with a retained rectal FB and propose management guideline for such cases based on our experience. @*Methods@#We retrospectively investigated 14 patients between January 2006 and December 2018. We assessed demographic features, mechanism of FB insertion, clinical course between diagnosis and management, and outcomes. @*Results@#All patients were male (mean age, 43 years) and presented with low abdominal pain (n = 2), anal bleeding (n = 2), or concern about a retained rectal FB without symptoms (n = 10). FB insertion was most commonly associated with sexual gratification or anal eroticism (n = 11, 78.6%). All patients underwent general anesthesia for anal sphincter relaxation with the exception of 2 who underwent FB removal in the emergency department. FBs were retrieved transanally using a clamp (n = 2), myoma screw (n = 1), clamp application following abdominal wall compression (n = 2), or laparotomy followed by rectosigmoid colon milking (n = 2). Colotomy and primary repair were performed in four patients, and Hartmann operation was performed in one patient with fecal peritonitis. No morbidity or mortality was reported. All patients refused postextraction anorectal functional and anatomical evaluation and psychological counseling. @*Conclusion@#Retained rectal FB is rare; however, colorectal surgeons should be aware of the various methods that can be used for FB retrieval and the therapeutic algorithm applicable in such cases.

3.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 83-87, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742485

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Thrombosis of the portal vein, known as pylephlebitis, is a rare and fatal complication caused by intraperitoneal infections. The disease progression of superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (SMVT) is not severe. This study aimed to determine the clinical features, etiology, and prognosis of SMVT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 41 patients with SMVT from March 2000 to February 2017. We obtained a list of 305 patients through the International Classification of Disease-9 code system and selected 41 patients with SMVT with computed tomography. Data from the medical records included patient demographics, comorbidities, review of system, laboratory results, clinical courses, and treatment modalities. RESULTS: The causes of SMVT were found to be intraperitoneal inflammation in 27 patients (65.9%), malignancy in 7 patients (17.1%), and unknown in 7 patients (17.1%). Among the patients with intraperitoneal inflammation, 14 presented with appendicitis (51.9%), 7 with diverticulitis (25.9%), and 2 with ileus (7.4%). When comparing patients with and without small bowel resection, the differences in symptom duration, bowel enhancement and blood culture were significant (P=0.010, P=0.039, and P=0.028, respectively). CONCLUSION: SMVT, caused by intraperitoneal inflammation, unlike portal vein thrombosis including pylephlebitis, shows mild prognosis. In addition, rapid symptom progression and positive blood culture can be the prognostic factors related to extensive bowel resection. Use of appropriate antibiotics and understanding of disease progression can help improve the outcomes of patients with SMVT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Appendicitis , Classification , Comorbidity , Demography , Disease Progression , Diverticulitis , Ileus , Inflammation , Medical Records , Mesenteric Ischemia , Portal Vein , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Venous Thrombosis
4.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 175-183, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177921

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Optimal management of colonoscopic perforation (CP) is controversial because early diagnosis and prompt management play critical roles in morbidity and mortality. Herein, we evaluate the outcomes and clinical characteristics of patients with CP according to treatment modality to help establish guidelines for managing CP. METHODS: Our retrospective analysis included 40 CP patients from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2014. Patients with CP were categorized into 2 groups according to therapeutic modality: operation (surgery) and nonoperation (endo-luminal clip application or conservative treatment) groups. RESULTS: The postoperative morbidity rate was 40%, and no mortalities were noted. The incidence of abdominal pain and tenderness in patients who received only conservative management was significantly lower than in those who underwent surgery (P < 0.001 and P = 0.004, respectively). Patients tended to undergo surgery more often for diagnosis times longer than 24 hours and for diagnostic CPs. The mean hospital stays for the operation and nonoperation groups were 14.6 ± 7.77 and 5.9 ± 1.62 days, respectively (P < 0.001). Compared to the operation group, the nonoperation group began intake of liquid diets significantly earlier after perforation (3.8 ± 1.32 days vs. 5.6 ± 1.25 days, P < 0.001) and used antibiotics for a shorter duration (4.7 ± 1.29 days vs. 8.7 ± 2.23 days, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The time of diagnosis and the injury mechanism may be useful indications for conservative management. Nonoperative management, such as endo-luminal clip application, might be beneficial, when feasible, for the treatment of patients with CP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Diet , Early Diagnosis , Incidence , Length of Stay , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
5.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 144-150, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159760

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The management of central venous catheters (CVCs) and catheter thrombosis vary among centers, and the efficacy of the methods of management of catheter thrombosis in CVCs is rarely reported. We investigated the efficacy of bedside thrombolysis with urokinase for the management of catheter thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from patients who had undergone CVC insertion by a single surgeon in a single center between April 2012 and June 2014. We used a protocol for the management of CVCs and when catheter thrombosis was confirmed, 5,000 U urokinase was infused into the catheter. RESULTS: A total of 137 CVCs were inserted in 126 patients. The most common catheter-related complication was thrombosis (12, 8.8%) followed by infection (8, 5.8%). Nine of the 12 patients (75%) with catheter thrombosis were recanalized successfully with urokinase. The rate of CVC recanalization was higher in the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) group (87.5%) than the chemoport group (50%). Reintervention for catheter-related thrombosis was needed in only 2.2% of patients when thrombolytic therapy using urokinase was applied. Age <60 years (P=0.035), PICC group (P=0.037) and location of the catheter tip above the superior vena cava (P=0.044) were confirmed as independent risk factors for catheter thrombosis. CONCLUSION: Thrombolysis therapy using urokinase could successfully manage CVC thrombosis. Reintervention was rarely needed when a protocol using urokinase was applied for the management of CVC thromboses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters , Central Venous Catheters , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombolytic Therapy , Thrombosis , Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator , Vena Cava, Superior
6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 321-324, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190996

ABSTRACT

Colouterine fistula is an extremely rare condition because the uterus is a thick, muscular organ. Here, we present a case of a colouterine fistula secondary to colonic diverticulitis. An 81-year-old woman was referred to the emergency department with abdominal pain and vaginal discharge. Computed tomography showed a myometrial abscess cavity in the uterus adherent to the thick sigmoid wall. Upon contrast injection via the cervical os for fistulography, we observed spillage of the contrast into the sigmoid colon via the uterine fundus. Inflammatory adhesion of the distal sigmoid colon to the posterior wall of the uterus was found during surgery. The colon was dissected off the uterus. Resection of the sigmoid colon, primary anastomosis, and repair of the fistula tract of the uterus were performed. The postoperative course was uneventful. This case represents an unusual type of diverticulitis complication and illustrates diagnostic procedures and surgical management for a colouterine fistula.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Abscess , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Diverticulitis , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Emergencies , Fistula , Uterus , Vaginal Discharge
7.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 321-325, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139164

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic appendectomy has been recognized to have many advantages such as greater cosmetic results, less postoperative pain and shorter hospital stays. On the other hand, the cost of laparoscopic procedures is still more expensive than that of open procedures in Korea. The aim of this study is to compare clinical outcomes and hospital costs between open appendectomy and laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS: Between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2010, 471 patients were diagnosed with acute appendicitis. Of these, 418 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into two groups of open appendectomy (OA) group and laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) group. We analyzed the clinical data and hospital costs. RESULTS: The mean operation time for laparoscopic appendectomy (72.17 minutes) was significantly longer than that of open appendectomy (46.26 minutes) (P = 0.0004). The mean amounts of intravenous analgesics for OA group (2.00 times) was greater than that of LA group (1.86 times) (P < 0.0001). The complication rate was similar between the two groups (OA, 6.99% vs. LA, 10.87%; P = 0.3662). The mean length of postoperative hospital stay was shorter in LA group (OA, 4.55 days vs. LA, 3.60 days; P = 0.0002). The mean total cost covered by the National Health Insurance was more expensive in LA group (OA, 1,259,842 won [Korean monetary unit] vs. LA, 1,664,367 won; P = 0.0057). CONCLUSION: Clinical outcomes of laparoscopic appendectomy were superior to that of open appendectomy even though the cost of laparoscopic appendectomy was more expensive than that of open appendectomy. Whenever surgeons manage a patient with appendicitis, laparoscopic appendectomy should be considered as the procedure of choice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Cosmetics , Hand , Hospital Costs , Korea , Length of Stay , National Health Programs , Pain, Postoperative
8.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 321-325, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139161

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic appendectomy has been recognized to have many advantages such as greater cosmetic results, less postoperative pain and shorter hospital stays. On the other hand, the cost of laparoscopic procedures is still more expensive than that of open procedures in Korea. The aim of this study is to compare clinical outcomes and hospital costs between open appendectomy and laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS: Between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2010, 471 patients were diagnosed with acute appendicitis. Of these, 418 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into two groups of open appendectomy (OA) group and laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) group. We analyzed the clinical data and hospital costs. RESULTS: The mean operation time for laparoscopic appendectomy (72.17 minutes) was significantly longer than that of open appendectomy (46.26 minutes) (P = 0.0004). The mean amounts of intravenous analgesics for OA group (2.00 times) was greater than that of LA group (1.86 times) (P < 0.0001). The complication rate was similar between the two groups (OA, 6.99% vs. LA, 10.87%; P = 0.3662). The mean length of postoperative hospital stay was shorter in LA group (OA, 4.55 days vs. LA, 3.60 days; P = 0.0002). The mean total cost covered by the National Health Insurance was more expensive in LA group (OA, 1,259,842 won [Korean monetary unit] vs. LA, 1,664,367 won; P = 0.0057). CONCLUSION: Clinical outcomes of laparoscopic appendectomy were superior to that of open appendectomy even though the cost of laparoscopic appendectomy was more expensive than that of open appendectomy. Whenever surgeons manage a patient with appendicitis, laparoscopic appendectomy should be considered as the procedure of choice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Cosmetics , Hand , Hospital Costs , Korea , Length of Stay , National Health Programs , Pain, Postoperative
9.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : S17-S20, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164440

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old man presented with abdominal and left flank pain. The symptom had started 30 days before as an acute nephrolithiasis, which had worsened despite conservative management. The abdomen was slightly distended and tender over the lower abdomen, without signs of generalized peritoneal irritation. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed an abscess in left para-renal space up to the subphrenic space and an unexpected pneumomediastinum. An emergency operation was performed, which showed retroperitoneal diverticulitis perforation of the sigmoid descending junction with abscess formation. A segmental resection of the diseased colon and end-colostomy was performed (Hartmann's procedure). However, the patient's condition progressively deteriorated, and he died of sepsis and multi-organ failure on the 5th postoperative day. Although pneumomediastinum caused by colonic diverticulitis perforation is extremely rare, it could be a life-threatening condition in patients without signs of peritonitis because of delayed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Abdomen , Abscess , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Delayed Diagnosis , Diverticulitis , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Emergencies , Flank Pain , Mediastinal Emphysema , Nephrolithiasis , Peritonitis , Sepsis
10.
Journal of the Korean Society of Traumatology ; : 1-6, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-40286

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Even though traumatic pancreatic injuries occur in only 0.2% to 4% of all abdominal injuries, the morbidity and the mortality rates associated with pancreatic injuries remain high. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of traumatic pancreatic injuries and to identify predictors of mortality and morbidity. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 26 consecutive patients with a pancreatic injury who underwent a laparotomy from January 2000 to December 2010. The data collected included demographic data, the mechanism of injury, the initial vital signs, the grade of pancreatic injury, the injury severity score (ISS), the revised trauma score (RTS), the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the number of abbreviated injury scales (AIS), the number of associated injuries, the initial laboratory findings, the amount of blood transfusion, the type of operation, the mortality, the morbidity, and others. RESULTS: The overall mortality rate in our series was 23.0%, and the morbidity rate was 76.9%. Twenty patients (76.9%) had associated injuries to either intra-abdominal organs or extra-abdominal organs. Two patients (7.7%) underwent external drainage, and 18 patients (69.3%) underwent a distal pancreatectomy. Pancreaticoduodenectomies were performed in 6 patients (23.0%). Three patients underwent a re-laparotomy due to anastomosis leakage or postoperative bleeding, and all patients died. The univariate analysis revealed 11 factors (amount of transfusion, AAST grade, re-laparotomy, associated duodenal injury, base excess, APACHE II score, type of operation, operation time, RTS, associated colon injury, GCS) to be significantly associated with mortality (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Whenever a surgeon manages a patient with traumatic pancreatic injury, the surgeon needs to consider the predictive risk factors. And, if possible, the patient should undergo a proper and meticulous, less invasive surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abbreviated Injury Scale , Abdominal Injuries , APACHE , Blood Transfusion , Colon , Drainage , Glasgow Coma Scale , Hemorrhage , Injury Severity Score , Laparotomy , Medical Records , Pancreatectomy , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Vital Signs
11.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 114-121, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66807

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Primary epiploic appendagitis (PEA) is a rare cause of an acute abdomen. It can be clinically misdiagnosed as either diverticulitis or appendicitis on clinical examination because the clinical symptoms and signs of PEA are non-specific. The present study was performed to describe the clinical characteristics of PEA and to assess the differences between PEA and diverticulitis. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records and radiologic findings of 31 consecutive patients with PEA and compared them with those of patients with diverticulitis without complications. RESULTS: In most cases, abdominal pain was localized to the right (13 cases, 41.9%) or left (13 cases, 41.9%) lower quadrants. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting were infrequent, and localized tenderness without peritoneal irritation was common. All patients were afebrile, and only 4 patients (12.9%) showed leukocytosis. In all cases except one, a pericolic fatty mass with a hyperattenuated ring was observed on computed tomography. Patients with left PEA were younger than those with diverticulitis (41.4 +/- 11.9 vs. 69.7 +/- 13.3, P < 0.001), and the mean body mass index was higher in patients with left PEA (26.4 +/- 2.9 vs. 22.6 +/- 3.4, P = 0.01). Whereas one patient (6.7%) with left PEA showed leukocytosis, the incidence of leukocytosis in patients with diverticulitis was 80% (8/10) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients with an acute abdomen showing localized tenderness without associated symptoms or leukocytosis, a high index of suspicion for PEA is necessary. For correct diagnosis and proper management, it would useful for surgeons to be aware of the computed tomographic findings and the natural course of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen, Acute , Abdominal Pain , Appendicitis , Body Mass Index , Diverticulitis , Incidence , Leukocytosis , Nausea , Pisum sativum , Vomiting
12.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 467-473, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118653

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is increasingly being detected in recent years with the more frequent use of computerized tomography (CT). The present study was performed to evaluate the clinico-radiologic characteristic presentation of PI and to determine the prognostic factors for mortality. METHODS: Fifteen patients who were diagnosed with PI on CT between June 2000 and May 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Age, sex, location of PI, presence of portal vein gas, time to diagnosis, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), acidosis, shock, and other associated findings were analyzed for their association with outcome. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (7 males and 8 females, average age, 60.3 years) were diagnosed with PI. Mortality rate was 47% (7 patients). The mortality rate in patients with septic shock, APACHE II score (18), acidosis (pH<7.36) were all 100%, 87%, 100%, respectively (P<0.05). Age, sex, location of PI, portal vein gas, time to diagnosis, ASA classification, associated findings did not show statistical difference. CONCLUSION: Shock, APACHE II score (18) and acidosis were associated with high mortality in patients with PI. So, more intensive management and interest are recommended in patients with shock, APACHE II score (18), and acidosis due to PI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Acidosis , APACHE , Portal Vein , Retrospective Studies , Shock , Shock, Septic
13.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 143-149, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159569

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The present study was performed to assess the outcomes in patients with colonic perforation and to determine the prognostic factors for mortality. METHODS: The cases of 42 patients who underwent surgery for colonic perforation between March 1999 and September 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, presence of preoperative shock, duration of symptoms, cause of perforation, location of perforation, degree of peritonitis, and the Mannheim Peritonitis Index (MPI) score were analyzed for their association with early outcome by using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Diverticulitis (46%, 19 patients) and colorectal cancer (36%, 15 patients) were the most common causes of noniatrogenic colonic perforation, and the sigmoid colon was the most common site of perforation (60%, 25 patients). The postoperative mortality was 21.4% (9 patients). The mortality in patients with preoperative shock, with a MPI score of more than 25, and with Hinchey stage III or IV peritonitis were 70.0%, 57.1%, and 53.3%, respectively (P<0.001). No statistical difference was observed in postoperative mortality with regard to age, sex, ASA classification, duration of symptoms, cause of perforation, and location of perforation. According to the multivariate analysis, preoperative shock proved to be the only significant prognostic factor for mortality (P=0.027) (odds ratio: 19.8, 95% confidence interval: 1.4-276.9). CONCLUSION: Preoperative shock, a MPI score of more than 25, and Hinchey stage III or IV peritonitis were associated with high postoperative mortality in patients with colonic perforation. Especially, more intensive management and interest are required for patient s with preoperative shock due to colonic perforation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diverticulitis , Multivariate Analysis , Peritonitis , Retrospective Studies , Shock
14.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 237-242, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207336

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Resection of the bowel or solid organs may be required for pelvic tumor surgery. The present study was performed to assess combined surgical procedures and determine the role of the general surgeon in gynecologic oncology surgery METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 135 patients with gynecologic malignancy who underwent a combined operation with a general surgeon between January 2000 and December 2005 at Asan Medical Center. The purpose of the combined operation was categorized into 3 groups: a tumor debulking operation, a resolution of intraoperative complications by a gynecologic surgeon, or an intraoperative diagnostic change. RESULTS: The incidence of combined operations for debulking, resolution of intraoperative complications, and intraoperative diagnostic changes were 103 cases (76.3%), 22 cases (16.3%), and 10 cases (7.4%), respectively. Ovarian cancer was the most common gynecologic malignancy (74.1%) and the rate of a combined operation with a general surgeon in ovarian cancer was 18.5% during the time period. Colorectal resection was the most common procedure by a colorectal surgeon (61.5%). Twenty four patients (17.8%) experienced postoperative complications, including ileus, wound infection, pancreas leakage, and stomal necrosis, with no significant differences according to the purpose of combined operation, pathologic diagnosis, or bowel preparation. The rate of a preoperative consultation to a general surgeon by gynecologic surgeons in cases with colorectal or solid organ invasion preoperatively was 53.2%. CONCLUSION: A general surgeon is an important consultant in a debulking operation of gynecologic malignancies, especially ovarian cancer, or treatment of complications. Thorough preoperative evaluation, bowel preparation, and preoperative consultation to a general surgeon is important in gynecologic oncology surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consultants , Ileus , Incidence , Intraoperative Complications , Necrosis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Pancreas , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Wound Infection
15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 492-496, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222670

ABSTRACT

Metastases from colorectal cancer can occur by either lymphatic or hematogenous spread, and the sites most commonly involved are the liver and lung. Although skeletal muscle comprises a considerable portion of body mass and receives abundant blood supply, it is one of the most unusual sites of metastasis from any malignancies. We report a case of skeletal muscle metastasis from colorectal cancer. An 83-year-old female patient presented with a painful mass in the right posterior thigh. She had already undergone low anterior resection and right lobectomy of liver for rectal cancer with liver metastasis (T2N1M1) about 4 years ago. Although a follow-up computed tomography scan showed a metastatic solitary pulmonary nodule in the left lobe 2 years after the primary operation, she refused further aggressive treatment. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a localized mass in the semimembranosus muscle of the right thigh, and fine-needle aspiration cytology demonstrated clusters of atypical cells compatible with adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent excision of the painful mass located in the right semimembranosus muscle. Histologically, the thigh mass proved to be adenocarcinoma identical to the primary lesion. The patient died of heart failure on the 2nd postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Colorectal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Liver , Lung , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rectal Neoplasms , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Thigh
16.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 109-115, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203726

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This article compares the results of various methods of inguinal hernia repair in adults. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 473 patients over 20 years of age who received an inguinal hernia repair procedure between January 2000 and June 2007. We analyzed the patients' clinical factors and outcomes, dividing them into five groups according to method of repair: Bassini group, Lichtenstein group, mesh plug group, Prolene Hernia System (PHS) group, and laparoscopic group. RESULTS: The mean number of used analgesics was significantly smaller in the PHS group than in other groups (P<0.05, PHS group: 0.46, Bassini group: 1.55, Lichtenstein group: 1.20, mesh plug group: 0.82, laparoscopic group: 1.44). The mean operation time was significantly shorter in the PHS group than in the other groups (P<0.05, PHS group: 45.18 min, Bassini group: 59.85 min, Lichtenstein group: 68.20 min, mesh plug group: 66.73 min, laparoscopic group: 83.33 min). Finally, the mean postoperative hospital staywas significantly shorter in the PHS group than in the other groups (P<0.05, PHS group: 2.93 day, Bassini group: 4.96 day, Lichtenstein group: 4.17 day, mesh plug group: 4.01 day, laparoscopic group: 5.11 day). Out of five groups, there was onecase of postoperative recurrence in the Bassini group. CONCLUSION: Mesh PHS operation is a more preferred method of inguinal hernia repair in adults because it offers a lower postoperative pain, shorter operation time, shorter postoperative hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Analgesics , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Length of Stay , Medical Records , Pain, Postoperative , Polypropylenes , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
17.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 100-106, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175577

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surgical resection is still considered as the gold standard in patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. The impact of the number of hepatic metastases is a controversial issue. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes and the prognostic factors after hepatic resection in multiple hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between June 1989 and October 2005, 42 patients underwent hepatic resections for three or more hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. Disease-free survival analyses were performed on patients grouped as a function of the following factors: age, sex, preoperative serum CEA level, primary tumor site, nodal status, intrahepatic distribution, diameter of the liver lesion, their number, and the resection margin. RESULTS: Of the 42 patients, 29 (69.0%) developed recurrence (16 in the liver alone, 5 in the liver and another distant site, 8 in a distant site alone) during a median follow-up of 24 months. The overall 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates were 89.1%, 58.6%, and 31.8%, respectively. The 1-year and 2-year disease-free survival rates were 38.1 and 29.4%, respectively. There was no postoperative mortality and the morbidity rate was 11.9%. The disease-free survival rate was independently associated with the resection margin of the metastatic tumor (P=0.017). The 1-year disease- free survival rates in patients with more than a 5-mm resection margin and with less than a 5-mm resection margin were 72.7%, and 25.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: If technically feasible, an aggressive hepatic resection should be performed for the treatment of multiple hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. The surgical resection margin may govern the outcomes in patients with surgically curable hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Liver , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Survival Rate
18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 214-218, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91546

ABSTRACT

The case of sigmoid volvulus combined with a transomental hernia is reported. A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with mild abdominal pain and distension. Although no signs of peritoneal irritation were apparent, a plain abdominal X-ray showed a markedly dilated loop of the sigmoid colon, and CT revealed a whirl pattern of the sigmoid mesentery. These findings suggested sigmoid volvulus. Colonoscopic reduction was attempted as an initial nonoperative treatment, and an urgent laparotomy was performed after the reduction failed. The sigmoid loop was herniated through the great omentum, with torsion in the clockwise direction. The colon was manually untwisted in the counter-clockwise direction, and the sigmoid loop was released by dividing the great omentum. During this one-stage operation, intraoperative colonic irrigation, sigmoid resection, and primary anastomosis were performed. The postoperative course was uneventful. Although sigmoid volvulus combined with a transomental hernia is rare, urgent surgical intervention is essential on failure of endoscopic reduction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Hernia , Intestinal Volvulus , Laparotomy , Mesentery , Omentum
19.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 265-272, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19018

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: An individualized surveillance protocol based on stratified prognostic factors is needed for the early detection of recurrent disease. The aim of this study was to determine both the clinicopathological characteristics for early-recurring colorectal cancer and the impact on survival. METHODS: From January 1996 to September 2000, 1,504 patients with curatively resected colorectal cancer were recruited. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the time interval until first loco-regional or distant recurrence, and the secondary goal was the last survival status. Early recurrence was defined as recurrence within the first 12 months postoperatively. Clinicopathologic data and preoperative CT records were reviewed. The follow-up period was over 48 months. RESULTS: The 5-year recurrence rate was 25.4%, and 39.5% of these were detected within the first 12 months postoperatively. In the multivariate analysis, the independent prognostic factors for early recurrence were cell differentiation (PD/MUC/SRC), lymphovascular invasion, and absence of adjuvant chemotherapy in stage III and curatively resected colorectal cancer in stage IV. Inaccurate interpretation by a low-quality CT scan resulted in a stage III cancer being understaged preoperatively. The 5-year overall survival rate according to the recurrent time interval was significantly different (early recurrence: 7.4% vs. late recurrence: 23.6%, P<0.05). The resection rate was similar in both groups (early recurrence: 22.7% vs. late recurrence: 27.6%, P=0.392). CONCLUSIONS: Colorectal cancer that recurred within 12 months showed more aggressive biologic behaviors and poor survival. Understaging caused by incomplete preoperative evaluation for disease extension may cause treatment failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colorectal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Treatment Failure
20.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 448-451, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54104

ABSTRACT

Anorectal trauma associated with retained rectal foreign body is an infrequent clinical problem, but presents a challenge to physicians taking care of patients with this problem. We report a case of rectal foreign body (glass cup) extracted by laparotomy. A 49-year-old male with a history of alcoholism presented to the emergency room four days after inserting a glass cup into his rectum. He complained of vague anal pain and failure to pass flatus or stool for four days. He had attempted to extract the glass cup using various methods (digital, instrumental manipulation, enema), none of which was successful. Computed tomography revealed a glass cup lodged in the rectum, without complication. The patient was brought to the operating room, administered spinal anesthesia, and placed in lithotomy position after failure of extraction in the emergency room. Although the object was palpable, it could not be extracted either manually or by the use of forceps. We decided to perform an emergent laparotomy under general anesthesia. After the abdomen was opened, an attempt was made to milk the object toward the distal rectum. However, this proved to be impossible secondary to severe rectal mucosal edema. The glass cup was eventually extracted through performing a colotomy at the rectosigmoid junction, with primary repair. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged on the eighth postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdomen , Alcoholism , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Spinal , Edema , Emergencies , Flatulence , Foreign Bodies , Glass , Laparotomy , Milk , Operating Rooms , Rectum , Surgical Instruments
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