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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the immediate and long-term efficacy and safety of coil embolization for large or giant aneurysms.METHODS: One hundred and fifty large or giant aneurysm cases treated with endovascular coil embolization between January 2005 and February 2014 at a single institute were included in this study. Medical records and imaging findings were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate prognostic factors associated with major recurrence (major recanalization or rupture) and delayed thromboembolism after selective coil embolization.RESULTS: Procedure-related symptomatic complications occurred in five (3.3%) patients. The mean clinical and radiological follow-up periods were 38 months (range, 2–110) and 26 months (range, 6–108), respectively. During the follow-up period, the estimated recurrence rate was 4.6% per year. Multivariate analysis using Cox regression showed the degree of occlusion to be the only factor associated with recurrence (p=0.008, hazard ratio 3.15, 95% confidence interval 1.34–7.41). The patient’s history of rupture in addition to the size and location of the aneurysm were not associated with recurrence in this study. Delayed infarction occurred in eight cases, and all were incompletely occluded.CONCLUSION: Although immediate postprocedural safety profiles were reasonable, longterm results showed recanalization and thromboembolic events to occur continuously, especially in patients with incomplete occlusion. In addition, incomplete occlusion was associated with delayed thromboembolic complications. Patients with incomplete occlusions should be followed carefully for delayed recurrence or delayed thromboembolic events.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infarction , Intracranial Aneurysm , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Rupture , Thromboembolism , Treatment Failure
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the immediate and long-term efficacy and safety of coil embolization for large or giant aneurysms. METHODS: One hundred and fifty large or giant aneurysm cases treated with endovascular coil embolization between January 2005 and February 2014 at a single institute were included in this study. Medical records and imaging findings were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate prognostic factors associated with major recurrence (major recanalization or rupture) and delayed thromboembolism after selective coil embolization. RESULTS: Procedure-related symptomatic complications occurred in five (3.3%) patients. The mean clinical and radiological follow-up periods were 38 months (range, 2–110) and 26 months (range, 6–108), respectively. During the follow-up period, the estimated recurrence rate was 4.6% per year. Multivariate analysis using Cox regression showed the degree of occlusion to be the only factor associated with recurrence (p=0.008, hazard ratio 3.15, 95% confidence interval 1.34–7.41). The patient’s history of rupture in addition to the size and location of the aneurysm were not associated with recurrence in this study. Delayed infarction occurred in eight cases, and all were incompletely occluded. CONCLUSION: Although immediate postprocedural safety profiles were reasonable, longterm results showed recanalization and thromboembolic events to occur continuously, especially in patients with incomplete occlusion. In addition, incomplete occlusion was associated with delayed thromboembolic complications. Patients with incomplete occlusions should be followed carefully for delayed recurrence or delayed thromboembolic events.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infarction , Intracranial Aneurysm , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Rupture , Thromboembolism , Treatment Failure
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 107-112, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742497

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is associated with poor outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, CI-AKI has rarely been evaluated within the neurovascular field. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical implication of CI-AKI after coil embolization in patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and March 2016, 192 patients who underwent coil embolization were enrolled in this study. CI-AKI was defined as an increase from baseline serum creatinine concentration of >25% or >0.5 mg/dL within 72 hours after coil embolization. A poor clinical outcome was defined as a score of ≥3 on the modified Rankin Scale at one-year post-treatment. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients (8.3%) died as a result of medical problems within one year. CI-AKI was identified in 14 patients (7.3%). Prominent risk factors for one-year mortality included CI-AKI [odds ratio (OR): 16.856; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.437–82.664] and an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score ≤8 (OR: 5.565; 95% CI: 1.703–18.184). A poor clinical outcome was associated with old age (≥65 years) (OR: 7.921; 95% CI: 2.977–21.076), CI-AKI (OR: 11.281; 95% CI: 2.138–59.525), an initial GCS score ≤8 (OR 31.02; 95% CI, 10.669–90.187), and a ruptured aneurysm (p=0.016, OR: 4.278) in posterior circulation. CONCLUSION: CI-AKI seems to be an independent predictor of the overall outcomes of aSAH after endovascular treatment.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnostic imaging , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm/complications , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/therapy , Angiography , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/complications , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study was to determine the incidence and outcomes of procedural rupture (PR) during coil embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) and to explore potential risk factors. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 1038 patients treated with coil embolization between January 2001 and May 2013 in a single tertiary medical institute. PR was defined as evidence of rupture during coil embolization or post procedural imaging. The patient's medical records were reviewed including procedure description, image findings and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Twelve of 1038 (1.1%) patients showed PR. Points and time of rupture were parent artery rupture during stent delivery (n=2), aneurysm rupture during filling stage (n=9) and unknown (n=1). Two parent artery rupture and one aneurysm neck rupture showed poor clinical outcomes [modified Rankin Scale (mRs) >2] Nine aneurysm dome rupture cases showed favorable outcomes (mRS < or =2). Location (anterior cerebral artery) of aneurysm was associated with high procedural rupture rate (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The clinical course of a patientwith procedural aneurysm rupture during filling stage seemed benign. Parent artery and aneurysm neck rupture seemed relatively urgent, serious and life threatening. Although the permanent morbidity rate was low, clinicians should pay attention to prevent PR, especially when confronting the anterior cerebral artery aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans , Incidence , Intracranial Aneurysm , Medical Records , Neck , Parents , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Rupture , Stents
5.
Neurointervention ; : 10-17, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730293

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and early outcomes of the Pipeline device for large/giant or fusiform aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pipeline was implanted in a total of 45 patients (mean age, 58 years; M:F=10:35) with 47 large/giant or fusiform aneurysms. We retrospectively evaluated the characteristics of the treated aneurysms, the periprocedural events, morbidity and mortality, and the early outcomes after Pipeline implantation. RESULTS: The aneurysms were located in the internal carotid artery (ICA) cavernous segment (n=25), ICA intradural segment (n=11), vertebrobasilar trunk (n=8), and middle cerebral artery (n=3). Procedure-related events occurred in 18 cases, consisting of incomplete expansion (n=8), shortening-migration (n=5), transient occlusion of a jailed branch (n=3), and in-stent thrombosis (n=2). Treatment-related morbidity occurred in two patients, but without mortality. Both patients had modified Rankin scale (mRS) scores of 2, but had an improved mRS score of 0 at 1-month follow-up. Of the 19 patients presenting with mass effect, 16 improved but three showed no changes in their presenting symptoms. All patients had excellent outcomes (mRS, 0 or 1) during the follow-up period (median, 6 months; range, 2-30 months). Vascular imaging follow-up (n=31, 65.9%; median, 3 months, range, 1-25 months) showed complete or near occlusion of the aneurysm in 24 patients (77.4%) and decreased sac size in seven patients (22.6%). CONCLUSION: In this initial multicenter study in Korea, the Pipeline seemed to be safe and effective for large/giant or fusiform aneurysms. However, a learning period may be required to alleviate device-related events.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Carotid Artery, Internal , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Learning , Middle Cerebral Artery , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123572

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old woman who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery for left main and right coronary ostial lesions 2 years prior presented with angina and transient visual dimness. Computed tomography angiography showed a patent left internal mammary artery (LIMA) bypass graft and concentric narrowing with perivascular thickening around the arch vessels. The patient was diagnosed with Takayasu arteritis with coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS). Thoracic angiography revealed severe stenosis of the left proximal subclavian artery (SCA) and reverse flow from the coronary artery to the distal left SCA via the LIMA graft. Successful percutaneous stenting of the left SCA was performed together with stenting of the right common carotid artery (CCA). The patient's symptoms were completely resolved. This case is informative since it shows that Takayasu arteritis can manifest as angina due to coronary ostial lesions and then can involve arch vessels, which can lead to CSSS in patients with CABG.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography , Carotid Artery, Common , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Coronary Vessels , Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome , Female , Humans , Mammary Arteries , Stents , Subclavian Artery , Takayasu Arteritis , Transplants
8.
Neurointervention ; : 85-92, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730232

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Axium(TM) coils were developed to improve the durability of coil-embolized cerebral aneurysms by increasing packing density. The purpose of this prospective multicenter registry was to evaluate the safety and durability of Axium(TM) coils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-six patients with 135 aneurysms of < or = 15 mm in size underwent coil embolization using bare platinum coils, with Axium(TM) coils constituting over 50% of the total coil length. Immediate and short-term follow-up results were prospectively registered and retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 135 aneurysms (83 unruptured and 52 ruptured), immediate post-embolization angiography revealed complete occlusion in 80 aneurysms (59.3%), neck remnants in 47 (34.8%), and incomplete occlusion in 8 (5.9%). The mean packing density was 42.8% (range, 9.5 - 90%) with Axium(TM) coil length constituting a mean of 87.9% of total coil length. The rate of procedure-related complications was 16.3%. Procedure-related permanent morbidity and mortality rates were 3.2% and 0.8%, respectively. Follow-up catheter or MR angiography, which was available in 101 aneurysms at 6 - 15 months (mean, 7.7 months), revealed stable or improved occlusion in 95 aneurysms and worsening in 6 aneurysms (5.9%). Lower packing density (< 30%) remained the only predictor for anatomical worsening on multivariable logistic regression analysis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this registry, Axium(TM) coils showed a relatively low rate of anatomical worsening on short-term follow-up imaging with an acceptable periprocedural safety profile compared to reports of other platinum coils. These results may warrant further study of long-term durability with Axium(TM) coils in larger populations.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Catheters , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Logistic Models , Neck , Platinum , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36057

ABSTRACT

Extracranial carotid stenosis is a well-established, modifiable risk factor for stroke. Asymptomatic extracranial carotid stenosis is increasingly being detected due to the introduction of less-invasive and more-sensitive advanced diagnostic technologies. For severe asymptomatic stenosis, earlier pivotal clinical trials demonstrated the benefit of carotid endarterectomy over the best medical therapy. Since then, great advances have been made in interventional and medical therapies as well as surgical techniques. The first edition of the Korean Stroke Clinical Practice Guidelines for primary stroke prevention for the management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis reflected evidences published before June 2007. After the publication of the first edition, several major clinical trials and observational studies have been published, and major guidelines updated their recommendation. Accordingly, the writing group of Korean Stroke Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) decided to provide timely updated evidence-based recommendations. The Korean Stroke CPG writing committee has searched and reviewed literatures related to the management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis including published guidelines, meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, and nonrandomized studies published between June 2007 and Feb 2011. We summarized the new evidences and revised our recommendations. Key changes in the updated guidelines are the benefit of intensive medical therapy and further evidence of carotid artery stenting as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy. The current updated guidelines underwent extensive peer review by experts from the Korean Stroke Society, Korean Society of Intravascular Neurosurgery, Korean Society of Interventional Neuroradiology, Korean Society of Cerebrovascular Surgery, and Korean Neurological Association. New evidences will be continuously reflected in future updated guidelines.


Subject(s)
Carotid Arteries , Carotid Stenosis , Constriction, Pathologic , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Neurosurgery , Peer Review , Primary Prevention , Publications , Risk Factors , Stents , Stroke , Writing
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of incidentally found unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) on the brain MR angiography (MRA) from a community-based general hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospectively collected retrospective study, carried out from January 2004 to December 2004. The subjects included 3049 persons from a community-based hospital in whom MRA was performed according to a standardized protocol in an outpatient setting. Age- and sex-specific prevalence of UIAs was calculated. The results by MRA were compared with intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) findings. RESULTS: Unruptured intracranial aneurysms were found in 137 (5%) of the 3049 patients (M:F = 43:94; mean age, 60.2 years). The prevalence of UIAs was 5% (n = 94) in women and 4% (n = 43) in men, respectively (p = 0.2046) and showed no age-related increase. The most common site of aneurysm was at the distal internal carotid artery (n = 64, 39%), followed by the middle cerebral artery (n = 40, 24%). In total, 99% of aneurysms measured less than 12 mm, and 93% of aneurysms measured less than 7 mm. Direct comparisons between MRA and DSA were available in 70 patients with 83 UIAs; the results revealed two false positive and two false negative results. CONCLUSION: This community-hospital based study suggested a higher prevalence of UIAs observed by MRA than previously reported. These findings should be anticipated in the design and use of neuroimaging in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnosis , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Angiography , Female , Humans , Incidental Findings , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to investigate the anti-angiogenic inhibitory effect of KR-31831, a newly developed anti-angiogenic agent, on an in vivo human ovarian carcinoma model using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Xenografted ovarian tumors were established by subcutaneous injection of SKOV3 cells into mice. The mice were treated daily with KR-31831 at 50 mg/kg for 21 days. Tumor tissues were excised corresponding to the DCE-MRI sections for evaluation of MVD with CD31 immunohistochemistry. All in vivo MRIs were performed on a 7.0 Tesla micro-MRI System. DCE-MRI was acquired prior to initiating treatment with KR-31831 and again on days 3 and 21 after treatment. The permeability parameters (Ktrans, ve, and vp) were estimated using a pharmacokinetic model. RESULTS: Qualitatively, the Ktrans parametric mapping showed different changes before and after treatment with KR-31831 in the treatment group. For quantification of this change, the median of Ktrans values were compared before and after treatments in the control and KR-31831-treated groups. A non-parametric statistical test (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) showed decreasing Ktrans values on day 21 compared to days 0 and 3 in the KR-31831-treated group (p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant difference in the control group (p = 0.84). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that DCE-MRI can be a useful tool by which to evaluate the anti-angiogenic effect of KR-31831 on a xenografted human ovarian carcinoma model.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Animals , Benzopyrans/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Microvessels/pathology , Neoplasm Transplantation , Ovarian Neoplasms/blood supply
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the results of endovascular coil embolization for very small aneurysms ( or = 4), with no bleeding of the treated aneurysms during a mean follow-up period of 13.3 months. On 27 follow-up MRA, there was no recurrence, and the five incompletely occluded aneurysms showed a spontaneous amelioration resulting in an adequate occlusion. CONCLUSION: Coil embolization of very small aneurysms is technically feasible with good results. The long-term efficacy and the potential as a standard treatment strategy remain to be determined by randomized large trials.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm, Ruptured/therapy , Cerebral Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We wanted to evaluate the safety and feasibility of ethanol sclerotherapy for treating craniofacial venous malformations (CVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 1998 to April 2007, 87 patients (40 men and 47 women; age range, 2-68 years) with CVMs underwent staged ethanol sclerotherapy (range, 1-21 sessions; median number of sessions, 2) by the direct puncture technique. Clinical follow up (range, 0-120 months; mean follow up, 35 months; median follow up, 28 months) was performed for all the patients. Therapeutic outcomes were established by evaluating the clinical outcome of the signs and symptoms in all patients, as well as the degree of devascularization, which was determined on the follow-up imaging, in 71 patients. RESULTS: A total of 305 procedures with the use of ethanol were performed in 87 patients. Follow-up imaging studies were performed for 71 of 87 patients. Twenty-three (32%) of the 71 patients showed excellent outcomes, 37 patients (52%) showed good outcomes and 11 patients (16%) showed poor outcomes. Ethanol sclerotherapy was considered effective for 60 patients. All the minor complications such as bulla (n = 5) healed with only wound dressing and observation. Any major complication such as skin necrosis did not develop. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous ethanol sclerotherapy is an effective, safe treatment for CVMs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/adverse effects , Child , Child, Preschool , Craniofacial Abnormalities/therapy , Ethanol/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosing Solutions/adverse effects , Sclerotherapy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Malformations/therapy , Young Adult
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of 3D driven equilibrium (DRIVE) imaging with 3D balanced fast field echo (bFFE) imaging in the assessment of the anatomic structures of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and inner ear at 3 Tesla (T). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty ears of 15 subjects (7 men and 8 women; age range, 22-71 years; average age, 50 years) without evidence of ear problems were examined on a whole-body 3T MR scanner with both 3D DRIVE and 3D bFFE sequences by using an 8-channel sensitivity encoding (SENSE) head coil. Two neuroradiologists reviewed both MR images with particular attention to the visibility of the anatomic structures, including four branches of the cranial nerves within the IAC, anatomic structures of the cochlea, vestibule, and three semicircular canals. RESULTS: Although both techniques provided images of relatively good quality, the 3D DRIVE sequence was somewhat superior to the 3D bFFE sequence. The discrepancies were more prominent for the basal turn of the cochlea, vestibule, and all semicircular canals, and were thought to be attributed to the presence of greater magnetic susceptibility artifacts inherent to gradient-echo techniques such as bFFE. CONCLUSION: Because of higher image quality and less susceptibility artifacts, we highly recommend the employment of 3D DRIVE imaging as the MR imaging choice for the IAC and inner ear.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cochlea/anatomy & histology , Ear, Inner/anatomy & histology , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Semicircular Canals/anatomy & histology , Vestibule, Labyrinth/anatomy & histology
16.
Neurointervention ; : 113-116, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730197

ABSTRACT

The trigeminal artery is the most common persistent carotid-basilar anastomotic channel observed in adult life, and its occurrence probably represents a defect in cerebrovascular development. It can be associated with other congenital abnormalities such as cerebral aneurysms, but only rarely do aneurysms of the persistent trigeminal artery itself arise. Endovascular treatment of these aneurysms has not been attempted so much. We report a case of endovascular treatment for a persistent trigeminal artery aneurysm causing isolated sixth nerve palsy.


Subject(s)
Abducens Nerve Diseases , Adult , Aneurysm , Arteries , Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of ischemia during protected carotid artery stenting (CAS) as well as to compare the protective efficacy of the balloon and filter devices on diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one consecutive protected CAS procedures in 70 patients with a severe (> 70%) or symptomatic moderate (> 50%) carotid artery stenosis were examined. A balloon device (PercuSurge GuardWire) and a filter device (FilterWire EX/EZ, Emboshield) was used in 33 cases (CAS-B group) and 38 cases (CAS-F group) to prevent distal embolization, respectively. All the patients underwent DWI within seven days before and after the procedures. The number of new cerebral ischemic lesions on the post-procedural DWI were counted and divided into ipsilateral and contralateral lesions according to the relationship with the stenting side. RESULTS: New cerebral ischemic lesions were detected in 13 (39.4%) out of the 33 CAS-Bs and in 15 (39.5%) out of the 38 CAS-Fs. The mean number of total, ipsilateral and contralateral new cerebral ischemic lesion was 2.39, 1.67 and 0.73 in the CAS-B group and 2.11, 1.32 and 0.79 in the CAS-F group, respectively. No statistical differences were found between the two groups (p = 0.96, 0.74 and 0.65, respectively). The embolic complications encountered included two retinal infarctions and one hemiparesis in the CAS-B group (9.09%), and one retinal infarction, one hemiparesis and one ataxia in the CAS-F group (7.89%). There was a similar incidence of embolic complications in the two groups (p = 1.00). CONCLUSION: The type of distal protection device used such as a balloon and filter does not affect the incidence of cerebral embolization after protected CAS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Balloon Occlusion , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/instrumentation , Brain Ischemia/pathology , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Endarterectomy, Carotid/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Intracranial Embolism/prevention & control , Male , Middle Aged , Paresis/etiology , Retinal Artery Occlusion/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Stents
18.
Neurointervention ; : 68-72, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730283

ABSTRACT

Protrusion of coil loop(s) and subsequent occlusion of the parent artery is one of the dreadful complications during endovascular coil embolization of cerebral aneurysm. Although protrusion of one or two coil loops may not cause adverse events and can be ignored in many instances, it can also compromise the parent artery in some cases with or without thrombus formation. We report a case of rescue balloon reposition of the protruding coil mass back into the aneurysm and recanalization of parent artery during embolization of the anterior communicating artery aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Parents , Thrombosis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the outcomes of using vascular closure devices following percutaneous transfemoral endovascular procedures in the patients who were treated with heparin, abciximab or thrombolytics (urokinase or t-PA) during the procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 28, 2003 to August 31, 2004, we conducted a prospective and randomized study in which 1,676 cases of 1,180 patients were treated with one of the two different closure devices (the collagen plug device was Angio-SealTM; the suture-mediated closure device was The Closer STM) at the femoral access site after instituting percutaneous endovascular procedures. Among the 1,676 cases, 108 cases (the drug group) were treated with heparin only (n = 94), thrombolytics only (n = 10), heparin and thrombolytics (n = 3), or abciximab and thrombolytics (n = 1) during the procedures; 1,568 cases (the no-drug group) were treated without any medication. We compared the efficacy and complications between the two groups. Of the drug group, 42 cases underwent arterial closures with the collagen plug devices and 66 cases underwent arterial closures with the suture-mediated closure devices. We also compared the efficacy and complications between these two groups. RESULTS: The immediate hemostasis rates were 92.9% (1,456/1,568) in the no-drug group and 91.7% (99/108) in the drug group. Early complications occurred in four cases of the drug group. These included two episodes of rebleeding with using the Closer S, which required manual compression for at least 10 minutes, and two episodes of minor oozing with using one Angio-Seal and one Closer S, which required two hours of additional bed rest. There was no late complication. So, the total success rates were 90.8% (1,423/1,568) in the no-drug group and 88.0% (95/108) in the drug group. These results were not significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.34). In the drug group, the difference of the successful hemostasis rate between the collagen plug devices and the suture-mediated devices was also not statistically significant (92.9% vs. 84.8%, respectively; p = 0.21). CONCLUSION: Arterial closure of the femoral access site with using vascular closure devices is both safe and effective, even in the patients who received heparin, abciximab or thrombolytics.


Subject(s)
Sutures , Prospective Studies , Postoperative Complications , Middle Aged , Male , Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments/pharmacology , Humans , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Hemostasis/drug effects , Fibrinolytic Agents/pharmacology , Femoral Artery/surgery , Female , Collagen , Anticoagulants/pharmacology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Rapid and effective hemostasis at femoral puncture sites minimizes both the hospital stay and patient discomfort. Therefore, a variety of arterial closure devices have been developed to facilitate the closure of femoral arteriotomy. The objective of this prospective study was to compare the efficacy of two different closure devices; a collagen plug device (Angio-Seal) and a suture-mediated closure device (the Closer S). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 28, 2003 to August 31, 2004, we conducted a prospective study in which 1, 676 cases of 1, 180 patients were treated with two different types of closure device. Angio-Seal was used in 961 cases and the Closer S in 715 cases. The efficacy of the closure devices was assessed, as well as complications occurring at the puncture sites. RESULTS: Successful immediate hemostasis was achieved in 95.2% of the cases treated with Angio-Seal, and in 89.5% of the cases treated with the Closer S (p < 0.05). The rates of minor and major complications occurring between the two groups were not significantly different. In the Closer S group, we observed four major complications (0.6%), that consisted of one massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage (surgically explored) and three pseudoaneurysms. In the Angio-Seal group, we observed three major complications (0.3%) that consisted of one femoral artery occlusion, one case of infection treated with intravenous antibiotics and one pseudoaneurysm. CONCLUSION: The use of Angio-Seal was found to be more effective than that of the Closer S with regard to the immediate hemostasis of the femoral puncture sites. However, we detected no significant differences in the rate at which complications occurred.


Subject(s)
Treatment Outcome , Sutures , Prospective Studies , Postoperative Complications , Middle Aged , Male , Humans , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Femoral Artery/surgery , Female , Collagen , Aged , Adult , Adolescent
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