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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936189

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of mucosal flap combined with silicone keel for preventing and treating anterior commissure adhesion in canines and clinical cases. Methods: A prospective experiment was performed from November 2019 to June 2021. Twenty five canines were randomly divided into 5 groups(A, B, C, D, E). Group A, B, C, D received anterior commissure injury by CO2 laser, then separately treated with free mucosal flap-keel complex,intralaryngeal mucosal flap-keel complex, silicone keels and without treatment, group E didn't injure the vocal cord after intubation. The keel was removed after 2 weeks, the larynx was harvested after 4 weeks. The effectiveness of anterior commissure adhesion prevention was evaluated by manifestation under laryngoscope, standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area. A retrospective analysis was performed on sixteen patients with anterior commissure lesion, who underwent mucosal flap-keel technique in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2019 to January 2021 (10 cases with free mucosal flap-keel complex and 6 cases with intralaryngeal mucosal flap-keel complex). All the patients underwent evaluation of laryngeal function included manifestation under laryngoscope each month and voice analysis before and 3 month after surgery. SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: No surgery accident or complication happened in canines and patients. The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group B were significantly higher than those in group A, C, D (Hstandard vocal cord length=31.688, Hstandard glottic area=16.444, P<0.05). The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group A were also significantly higher than those in group C, D(Hstandard vocal cord length=20.936, Hstandard glottic area=11.786, P<0.05). The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group A, B, E were not significantly different to that before surgery(tA left standard vocal cord length=2.636, tA right standard vocal cord length=2.582, tB left standard vocal cord length=2.707, tB right standard vocal cord length=2.673, tE left standard vocal cord length=0.370, tE right standard vocal cord length=0.821, tA standard glottic area=2.731, tB standard glottic area=2.753, tE standard glottic area=-0.529, P>0.05). The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group C, D were significantly lower than those before surgery(tC left standard vocal cord length=16.137, tC right standard vocal cord length=13.984, tD left standard vocal cord length=11.903, tD right standard vocal cord length=14.587, tC standard glottic area=10.280, tD standard glottic area=22.974, P<0.05). During 6-18 months of follow-up in clinical patients, no one developed a glottic web. Three months after surgery, Jitter, Shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio(NHR), the maximum phonation time(MPT)in all patients were significantly different from preoperative(tintralaryngeal mucosal flap jitter=24.885, tintralaryngeal mucosal flap shimmer=22.643, tintralaryngeal mucosal flap NHR=6.202, tintralaryngeal mucosal flap MPT=-9.661, tfree mucosal flap jitter=25.459, tfree mucosal flap shimmer=18.683, tfree mucosal flap NHR=5.705, tfree mucosal flap MPT=-20.840, P<0.05). Conclusion: Mucosal flap combined with silicone keel is an effective technique for preventing and treating anterior commissure adhesion. The effect of pedicled intralaryngea lmucosal flap is better.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Free Tissue Flaps , Glottis , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Vocal Cords/surgery
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 450-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935236

ABSTRACT

Objective: Local recurrence is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study was proposed to investigate the feasibility of near infrared fluorescence (NIF) via indocyanine green (ICG) for monitoring surgical marginal in operation for OSCC patients. Methods: In 35 patients with OSCC treated surgically in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing University School of Medicine, from January 2019 to June 2020, ICG (0.75 mg/kg) was administered intravenously via elbow vein at (12±1) hours before surgery, and NIF was performed intraoperatively on the surgical field and the cut edge of the surgically excised specimen, and fluorescence intensity was measured for OSCC tissue and normal oral mucosa, abnormal fluorescence signals were taken and subjected to rapid cryopathological examination. Correlation between NIF tumor boundary grading and pathological tumor boundary grading was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Clear ICG NIF was obtained for tumor lesions in all 35 patients, with a positive rate of 100%. The fluorescence intensity of OSCC tissue was (412.73±146.56) au, which was higher than that of normal oral mucosa tissue [(279.38±82.56) au, P<0.01]. Abnormal fluorescence signals were detected at the tumor bed and the cut edge of the surgical resection specimen in 4 patients, of which 2 cases were pathologically confirmed as cancer cell residue and 2 cases as inflammatory cell infiltration. The rate of positive detection of cut margins using ICG NIF technique in OSCC was 5.7% (2/35). Twenty of the 35 OSCC patients had grade 1, 11 of grade 2, and 4 of grade 3 tumor borders revealed by NIF of surgical resection specimens, which was positively correlated with pathological tumor border (r=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusions: ICG NIF technique can effectively detect the residual cancer cells at the incision margin, which is of great clinical value in reducing local recurrence of OSCC after surgery due to intraoperative cancer residue.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Margins of Excision , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual , Optical Imaging/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detective the cut-off values of amino acid levels in premature infants in Sichuan.Methods:Data of newborns screening for inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) by tandem mass spectrometry in Sichuan Province from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.They were divided into premature infant group ( n=2 264, 1 312 males and 952 females) and full-term infant group ( n=53 275, 28 269 males and 25 006 females). The cut-off values of amino acids in dry blood spots were expressed as percentage ( P0.5 - P99.5), and rank sum test was used for comparison between preterm and full-term infants. Results:(1) The distribution of 11 amino acids [alanine (ALA), arginine (ARG), citrulline (CIT), glycine(GLY), leucine (LEU), methionine (MET), ornithine (ORN), phenylalanine (PHE), proline (PRO), tyrosine (TYR) and valine (VAL)] in premature infants were abnormal.(2) The cut-off values of amino acids in premature infants were as follows: ALA: 135.20-552.33 μmol/L, ARG: 1.34-47.04 μmol/L, CIT: 5.66-32.02 μmol/L, GLY: 181.48-909.93 μmol/L, LEU : 71.10-283.29 μmol/L, MET: 4.21-34.51 μmol/L, ORN: 40.58-293.76 μmol/L, PHE: 23.60-106.30 μmol/L, PRO: 77.76-358.24 μmol/L, TYR: 27.52-352.91 μmol/L, VAL: 53.74-228.37 μmol/L.(3) The cut-off values of amino acid in full-term infants were as follows: ALA: 135.20-552.33 μmol/L, ARG: 1.30-42.73 μmol/L, CIT: 5.92-30.35 μmol/L, GLY: 208.17-980.09 μmol/L, LEU: 72.91-287.49 μmol/L, MET: 4.27-33.90 μmol/L, ORN: 48.40-305.59 μmol/L, PHE: 27.63-92.27 μmol/L, PRO: 97.38-372.75 μmol/L, TYR: 40.19-276.54 μmol/L, VAL: 65.75-237.92 μmol/L.(4) Except for PHE ( Z=-0.58, P>0.05), the other indicators were significantly different between 2 groups [ALA ( Z=-15.32, P<0.05), ARG ( Z=-5.62, P<0.05), CIT ( Z=-5.86, P<0.05), GLY ( Z=-14.52, P<0.05), LEU ( Z=-5.62, P<0.05), MET ( Z=-5.22, P<0.05), ORN ( Z=-13.01, P<0.05), PRO ( Z=-22.09, P<0.05), TRY ( Z=-2.09, P<0.05), VAL ( Z=-17.82, P<0.05)]. Conclusions:The establishment of the cut-off values of amino acids in premature infants in Sichuan provides a theoretical basis for laboratory diagnosis of IMD screening, which enhances the accuracy of diagnosis and avoids excessive medical treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940801

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of Bushen Shengxue prescription and Yiqi Yangxue prescription in the treatment of chronic aplastic anemia and the effect on T cell subsets and the expression of T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet) and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3). MethodA total of 585 patients with chronic aplastic anemia who were treated in 19 hospitals in China from May 2018 to June 2021 were enrolled. With the prospective, double-blind and randomized control methods, the patients were randomized into three groups: kidney deficiency group, Qi and blood deficiency group, and control group. The three groups were respectively treated with Bushen Shengxue prescription granule, Yiqi Yangxue prescription granule, and Placebo (half the dose of Bushen Shengxue formula granules). In addition, all of them were given oral cyclosporin and androgen. The treatment lasted 6 months, with 3 months as a course. The blood routine indexes, T cell subsets, and fusion genes T-bet and GATA3 before and after treatment were analyzed, and the safety indexes were monitored. ResultDuring the observation, a total of 75 cases dropped out and 18 were rejected. Finally, 161 cases in the kidney deficiency group, 164 in the Qi and blood deficiency group, and 167 in the control group were included. After 6 months of treatment, the total effective rate was 98.8% (159/161) in the kidney deficiency group, which was higher than the 79.9% (131/164) in the Qi and blood deficiency group (χ2=30.135, P<0.01) and the 61.7% (103/167) in the control group (χ2=70.126, P<0.01). The total effective rate was higher in the Qi and blood deficiency group than in the control group (χ2=13.232, P<0.01). After treatment, the hemoglobin (HGB) content increased significantly in three groups (P<0.05) as compared with that before treatment, particularly the kidney deficiency group (P<0.01). After treatment, the white blood cell (WBC) count and platelet (PLT) count in the kidney deficiency group and the control group increased compared with those in the Qi and blood deficiency group (P<0.01). There was no specific difference in neutrophils (ANC) after treatment among the three groups. At the same time point, the level of T helper type 1 (Th1) cells, Th1/Th2 ratio (P<0.05), level of CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio (P<0.05) were significantly low in the kidney deficiency group among three groups. There was no significant difference in CD19-, HLA/DR+, and CD25+ between the kidney deficiency group and the other two groups, but the T-bet of the kidney deficiency group and the control group was lower than that of the Qi and blood deficiency group (P<0.05). ConclusionBushen Shengxue prescription exerts therapeutic effect on the aplastic anemia by improving the immunoregulatory mechanism, inhibiting the activity of immune system, modulating T cell subsets, suppressing Th1 and CD4+, and promoting bone marrow hematopoiesis. Moreover, it is safe with little side effects, which is worthy of further promotion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the occurrence time of neuralgia and the expression of purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7 receptor (P2X7R) in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord after intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in diabetic rats, and to explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and pretreatment of EA on the heat pain threshold and expression of P2X7R in the spinal dorsal horn in rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP), and to explore the possible mechanism of EA for DNP.@*METHODS@#PartⅠ: Thirty male SD rats were randomly selected from 64 male SD rats as the control group; the remaining rats were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (10 mg/mL) at a dose of 65 mg/kg to establish the diabetes model, and 30 rats were successfully modeled as the model group. The control group and the model group were divided into three subgroups respectively at 7, 14 and 21 days, with 10 rats in each subgroup. Body mass, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and thermal pain threshold were recorded at 7, 14 and 21 days after injection; the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot. PartⅡ: Eight SD rats were randomly selected from 35 male SD rats as the blank group, and the remaining 27 rats were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (10 mg/mL) at a dose of 65 mg/kg to establish the diabetes model. The 24 rats with successful diabetes model were randomly divided into a DNP group, an EA group and a pre-EA group, 8 rats in each group. Fifteen to 21 days after STZ injection, the EA group received EA at "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60), continuous wave, frequency of 2 Hz, 30 min each time, once a day; the intervention method in the pre-EA group was the same as that in the EA group. The intervention time was 8 to 14 days after STZ injection. The body mass, FBG and thermal pain threshold were recorded before STZ injection and 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection; the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot 21 days after injection.@*RESULTS@#PartⅠ: Compared with the control group, in the model group, the body mass was decreased and FBG was increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01), and the thermal pain threshold was decreased 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05), and the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05, P<0.01). PartⅡ: Compared with the blank group, in the DNP group, the body mass was decreased and fasting blood glucose were increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01). Compared with the DNP group, in the pre-EA group, the heat pain threshold was increased 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05), while in the EA group, the heat pain threshold was increased 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01), and the expression of P2X7R in the dorsal horn in the EA group and the pre-EA group was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The diabetic neuropathic pain is observed 14 days after STZ injection. EA could not only treat but also prevent the occurrence of DNP, and its mechanism may be related to down-regulation of P2X7R expression in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Male , Neuralgia/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 394-405, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929302

ABSTRACT

Biomimetic nanoengineering presents great potential in biomedical research by integrating cell membrane (CM) with functional nanoparticles. However, preparation of CM biomimetic nanomaterials for custom applications that can avoid the aggregation of nanocarriers while maintaining the biological activity of CM remains a challenge. Herein, a high-performance CM biomimetic graphene nanodecoy was fabricated via purposeful surface engineering, where polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used to modifying magnetic graphene oxide (MGO) to improve its stability in physiological solution, so as to improve the screening efficiency to active components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). With this strategy, the constructed PEGylated MGO (PMGO) could keep stable at least 10 days, thus improving the CM coating efficiency. Meanwhile, by taking advantage of the inherent ability of HeLa cell membrane (HM) to interact with specific ligands, HM-camouflaged PMGO showed satisfied adsorption capacity (116.2 mg/g) and selectivity. Finally, three potential active components, byakangelicol, imperatorin, and isoimperatorin, were screened from Angelica dahurica, whose potential antiproliferative activity were further validated by pharmacological studies. These results demonstrated that the purposeful surface engineering is a promising strategy for the design of efficient CM biomimetic nanomaterials, which will promote the development of active components screening in TCM.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906467

ABSTRACT

Objective:The differences of chemical compositions and pharmacological activities between the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus were investigated by chemical analysis and <italic>in vitro</italic> test to explore the effect of the core on the quality of this medicinal material. Method:Literature, medicinal material standards and market research on the appearance of Phyllanthi Fructus were conducted based on existing databases. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-electrostatic field orbital trap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS) was used to identify the constituents of the core and pulp. The analysis was performed on Thermo Scientific Accucore C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.6 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-methanol (B) for gradient elution (0-25 min, 5%B; 25-30 min, 5%-95%B; 30-35 min, 95%-5%B), the flow rate was 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, heating electrospray ionization (HESI) was adopted with positive and negative ion modes, and the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 500. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to determine the contents of gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid and ellagic acid in the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus. Analysis was performed on Welchrom C<sub>18</sub> column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of methanol (A)-0.05% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-6 min, 5%A; 6-15 min, 5%-7%A; 15-20 min, 7%-15%A; 20-25 min, 15%-21%A; 25-31 min, 21%-22%A; 31-41 min, 22%A; 41-47 min, 22%-28%A; 47-51 min, 28%-32%A; 51-57 min, 32%-38%A; 57-70 min, 38%-45%A; 70-80 min, 45%-65%A; 80-85 min, 65%-5%A), the detection wavelength was set at 270 nm. The antibacterial effects of the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus on <italic>Escherichia coli</italic> and <italic>Staphylococcus aureus</italic> were investigated by filter paper method, and their antioxidant activities were compared by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay. Result:A total of 47 compounds were identified in the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus, mainly including tannins, flavonoids, phenolic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, organic acids, saccharides and glycosides, most of which were concentrated in the pulp, and the fatty acids in the core accounted for a higher proportion. The contents of gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid, ellagic acid and other phenolic compounds in the pulp of 20 batches of Phyllanthi Fructus were much higher than those in the core. The results of antibacterial test showed that the core of Phyllanthi Fructus with different concentrations had no antimicrobial effect. The DPPH radical scavenging test showed that the antioxidant activity of the core [half-inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>)=199.632 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>] was much less than that of the pulp (IC<sub>50</sub>=12.688 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>). Conclusion:From the perspectives of polyphenol content, antibacterial and antioxidant activities, it is scientific to use Phyllanthi Fructus pulp in ancient and modern times, which may be to remove the secondary parts of Phyllanthi Fructus, so as to enhance the actual utilization rate and therapeutic effect of medicinal materials. In view of the large proportion of the core of Phyllanthi Fructus and its high content of fatty acids and other components, whether or not to use it remains to be further studied in clinical application.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. Methods The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. Results The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. Conclusions E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.

9.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E407-E414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904416

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of athlete’s posture (including bending angle of upper body and angle between body and skis) on aerodynamic characteristics during flight in ski jumping. Methods The athlete and skis were regarded as a multi-body system. By using partially averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS) turbulence model and numerical simulation of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), the aerodynamic characteristics during flight under different postures were predicted. The calculation conditions for bending angle of upper body were 10°, 14°, 18°, 22° and 26°, and the calculation conditions of angle between body and skis were 8°, 12°, 16°, 20° and 24°. Results As the bending angle of upper body increased, the lift force and drag force of the multi-body system, the athlete and skis, and the pitch moment of skis all showed a monotonously decreasing trend, but the ratio of total lift force to total drag force increased first and then decreased. Meanwhile, the pitch moment of the multi-body system decreased first and then increased, and the pitch moment of athlete increased slightly and then decreased. As the angle between body and skis increased, the lift force and drag force of the multi-body system and skis increased first, then decreased and then increased, but the ratio of total lift force to total drag force decreased first, then increased and then decreased. Meanwhile, the lift force, drag force and pitch moment of the athlete increased monotonously, and the pitch moment of the multi-body system and the skis increased first and then decreased. The effect of bending angle of upper body on aerodynamic characteristics during flight in ski jumping was generally significantly larger than that of angle between body and skis. Conclusions The optimal range for bending angle of upper body is 14°-18°, and the optimal range of angle between body and skis is 16°-20°. The influence mechanism for bending angle of upper body and angle between body and skis on aerodynamic characteristics during flight in ski jumping can provide effective auxiliary support for on-the-spot prediction and decisionmaking,

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to explore the ototoxicity of toluene in the early development of zebrafish embryos/larvae.@*Methods@#Zebrafish were utilized to explore the ototoxicity of toluene. Locomotion analysis, immunofluorescence, and qPCR were used to understand the phenotypes and molecular mechanisms of toluene ototoxicity.@*Results@#The results demonstrated that at 2 mmol/L, toluene induced zebrafish larvae death at 120 hours post fertilization (hpf) at a rate of 25.79% and inhibited the rate of hatching at 72 hpf. Furthermore, toluene exposure inhibited the distance travelled and average swimming velocity of zebrafish larvae while increasing the frequency of movements. As shown by fluorescence staining of hair cells, toluene inhibited the formation of lateral line neuromasts and middle line 1 (Ml @*Conclusion@#This study indicated that toluene may affect the development of both the inner ear and lateral line systems in zebrafish, while the lateral line system may be more sensitive to toluene than the inner ear.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ear, Inner/growth & development , Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/metabolism , Lateral Line System/growth & development , Locomotion/drug effects , Ototoxicity/physiopathology , Toluene/toxicity , Zebrafish
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888045

ABSTRACT

Lycii Cortex, the dry root bark of Lycium barbarum(Solanaceae), is rich in chemical compositions with unique structures, such as organic acids, lipids, alkaloids, cyclopeptides and other components, and plays an important role in traditional Chinese medicine. It has the effect of cooling blood and removing steam, clearing lung and reducing fire. It is mainly used in the treatment of hot flashes due to Yin deficiency, hectic fever with night sweat, cough, hemoptysis and internal heat and diabetes. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the crude extract or monomer of Lycii Cortex has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, and antiviral effects. In this paper, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Cortex Lycii were reviewed in order to further clarify its effective substances, promote the development of medical undertakings, and ensure the "Healthy China" plan.


Subject(s)
China , Hypoglycemic Agents , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Bark
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the antitumor effect of piceatannol (PIC) on malignant melanoma @*METHODS@#B16F10 cells were cultured @*RESULTS@#The cell viability of B16F10 decreased with increasing PIC concentration. The results of the Transwell assay showed that invasion ability decreased with increasing PIC concentration, and healing time was prolonged at increased PIC concentration in the wound healing assay. Western blot results showed that PIC mainly inhibited the phosphorylation of Syk and inhibited the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and VEGF. RNA interference pointed out that blocking the expression of Syk can reveal the same inhibition effect on B16F10 cells as PIC. @*CONCLUSIONS@#PIC might block the progression of malignant melanoma by inhibiting spleen tyrosine kinase.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Melanoma/drug therapy , Mice , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Syk Kinase , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1391-1399, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887084

ABSTRACT

Our previous studies have shown that puerarin, an active component of the traditional Chinese medicine-Pueraria Lobata, can improve glycometabolism in high-fat diet (HFD) mice with diabetes by activating the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) pathway. This study intends to further evaluate the effect of puerarin on depressive symptoms in HFD mice. Long-term HFD induces type 2 diabetes and depressive-like symptoms in mice. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval No. AEWC-025). The experiment was divided into: control group, model group, model/puerarin (150 mg·kg-1·day-1) group, and model/fluoxetine (15 mg·kg-1·day-1) group. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and behavioral experimental analysis were performed after 6 weeks of continuous administration. Afterwards, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and corticosterone (CORT) in serum of mice for each group. Western blot assays were used to detect the level of activation and expression of proteins related to neuroplasticity and depressive disorder in the hippocampus. Moreover, HT-22 cell line was used to investigate the protective effect of puerarin on cell morphology and survival. The results show that puerarin can effectively maintain the survival of HT22 in an environment with high glucose and corticosterone. Meantime, the glycemic regulation of diabetic mice was improved after treatment of puerarin, the depressive symptoms were alleviated, the 5-HT increased, and the corticosterone, IL-1β, and IL-6 decreased in the serum. The up-regulation of related proteins in GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling in hippocampus suggests that its effect on ameliorating depression in diabetic mice may be related to the activation of GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR signaling pathway. This study shows that puerarin can significantly ameliorate the depressive symptoms of HFD induced diabetic mice which might be achieved through activating the GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR signaling pathway and improving hippocampal neuroplasticity.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to present a major challenge to public health. Vaccine development requires an understanding of the kinetics of neutralizing antibody (NAb) responses to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).@*Methods@#In total, 605 serum samples from 125 COVID-19 patients (from January 1 to March 14, 2020) varying in age, sex, severity of symptoms, and presence of underlying diseases were collected, and antibody titers were measured using a micro-neutralization assay with wild-type SARS-CoV-2.@*Results@#NAbs were detectable approximately 10 days post-onset (dpo) of symptoms and peaked at approximately 20 dpo. The NAb levels were slightly higher in young males and severe cases, while no significant difference was observed for the other classifications. In follow-up cases, the NAb titer had increased or stabilized in 18 cases, whereas it had decreased in 26 cases, and in one case NAbs were undetectable at the end of our observation. Although a decreasing trend in NAb titer was observed in many cases, the NAb level was generally still protective.@*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that NAb levels vary among all categories of COVID-19 patients. Long-term studies are needed to determine the longevity and protective efficiency of NAbs induced by SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Female , Humans , Kinetics , Male , Middle Aged , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1045-1048, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921006

ABSTRACT

Strengthening the compliance is conductive to the quality improvement of clinical trial of acupuncture and moxibustion. In terms to planning behavior and influencing factors of loyalty, the questionnaire was conducted among 200 participants on the compliance of clinical trial on knee osteoarthritis treated with acupuncture. The results showed that the subjective norms and perceptual behavior control of subjects affected their compliance in the trial. Medical service compensation became the primary factor of the subjects' loyalty, which further affected their compliance in the trial. It is suggested that the compliance should be managed according to the characteristics of different clinical researches, and the feasible medical service compensation scheme should be designed in advance by actively focusing on the subjects' features.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879017

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of water extracts of Asplenium ruprechtii were investigated. Five compounds were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies and preparative HPLC, and their structures were identified by various spectral analyses as aspleniumside G(1), trans-p-coumaric acid(2), trans-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(3), cis-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(4), and(E)-ferulic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside(5). Among them, compound 1 is a new 9,19-cycloartane glycoside.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Glycosides , Triterpenes
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923786

ABSTRACT

ES-62 is a phosphorylcholine-containing, 62 kDa glycoprotein derived from the excretory-secretory product of Acanthocheilonema viteae, which is effective for the prevention and treatment of immune dysregulation diseases through triggering activation of immune cells, such as dendritic cells, mononuclear macrophages and regulatory B cells and mediating immune responses. Recently, the role of the ES-62 protein in the management of allergic, autoimmune and metabolic diseases has been paid much attention. This review summarizes the regulatory role of the ES-62 protein in immune dysregulation diseases and the underlying mechanisms, so as to provide insights into future experimental studies.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the change characteristics of amino acid levels in neonates, so as to provide theoretical basis for accurate clinical interpretation.Methods:By preliminary screening and diagnosis from 32 855 newborns, 32 843 samples were collected using tandem mass spectrometry to inherited metabolic disease (IMD) scree-ning in Sichuan Province from January to December 2018.Afterwards, according to gestational age (1 363 premature infants, 31 468 full-term infants and 12 overdue infants), blood collection time (3-7 days old, 3 095 cases, 8-28 days old, 1 637 cases, and more than 28 days old, 248 cases) and season (7 737 cases in the first quarter, 11 428 cases in the second quarter, 5 482 cases in the third quarter, and 8 196 cases in the fourth quarter), neonates were divided into different study groups.The difference of amino acid level in each group was compared, and the correlation between various influencing factors and metabolic index was analyzed.Results:(1) The distribution of 11 amino acids [alanine(ALA), arginine(ARG), citrulline(CIT), glycine(GLY), leucine+ isoleucine+ hydroxyproline (LEU+ ILE+ PRO-OH), methionine(MET), ornithine(ORN), phenylalanine(PHE), proline(PRO), tyrosine(TYR), and valine(VAL)] in neonates showed non-normally distribution.(2)The distribution of 11 amino acids in different gestational age were tested by nonparametric test, except for PHE( H=0.61, P>0.05)and TYR( H=2.02, P>0.05), and other indicators were significantly different [ALA( H=187.11, P<0.05), ARG( H=23.60, P<0.05), CIT( H=22.90, P<0.05), GLY( H=85.18, P<0.05), LEU( H=56.42, P<0.05), MET( H=18.74, P<0.05), ORN( H=129.27, P<0.05), PRO( H=344.40, P<0.05), and VAL( H=272.92, P<0.05)]. (3) The distribution of 11 amino acids in different blood collection time were significantly different [ALA( H=65.19, P<0.05), ARG( H=404.48, P<0.05), CIT( H=502.13, P<0.05), GLY( H=1 719.44, P<0.05), LEU( H=396.41, P<0.05), MET( H=199.39, P<0.05), ORN( H=31.26, P<0.05), PHE( H=325.49, P<0.05), PRO( H=70.09, P<0.05), TYR( H=159.29, P<0.05), and VAL( H=102.52, P<0.05)]. (4) The distribution of 11 amino acids in different birth seasons were significantly different [ALA( H=401.37, P<0.05), ARG( H=3 229.03, P<0.05), CIT( H=65.45, P<0.05), GLY( H=597.82, P<0.05), LEU( H=1 120.42, P<0.05), MET( H=10 515.18, P<0.05), ORN( H=1 275.23, P<0.05), PHE( H=2 260.17, P<0.05), PRO( H=319.57, P<0.05), TYR( H=884.37, P<0.05), and VAL( H=1 824.49, P<0.05)]. Conclusion:According to different gestational age, season and blood collection time, the metabolism of amino acids in neonates was different.When using tandem mass spectrometry for detection, appropriate interpretation criteria should be selected based on different conditions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862456

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of prevention of dental caries in preschool children by family-based oral health management. Methods A total of 144 families with 3 years old children in Huangpu District were randomly divided equally into intervention group and control group.The intervention period was 2 years.Semi-annual oral health guidance was given to families in the intervention group(including oral examination, children′s deciduous teeth coating with fluoride, dental caries filling, oral health lectures for families, distribution of family oral health brochures, etc.)Families in the control group received annual oral examination.After the intervention, the parents completed their child′s oral health questionnaire. Results In the 2-year oral monitoring period, the incidence of dental caries in the intervention group and the control group was 9.72% and 22.22%, respectively within one year, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(χ2=4.19, P < 0.05).The incidence of dental caries was 12.50% and 36.11% within two years, and the difference between the two groups was also statistically significant(χ2=10.91, P < 0.01).Result of the questionnaire survey showed that children in the intervention group had better eating and oral health habits than the control group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(P < 0.05). Conclusion Regular and professional family oral health management can effectively reduce the incidence of dental caries and improve the oral health in preschool children.

20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E508-E514, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862377

ABSTRACT

The aerodynamic characteristics of bobsleigh play a very important role in the result of the race. In order to improve the performance, it is necessary to optimize the bobsleigh aerodynamics and reduce its aerodynamic drag as much as possible. Foreign scholars has mainly used computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical simulation, wind tunnel experiments and other methods to study the aerodynamic characteristics and optimize drag reduction method, but the relevant research has not yet been carried out in China. In order to have a clear understanding of the technical requirements of bobsleigh aerodynamic optimization and drag reduction, the research result of bobsleigh aerodynamics in recent 20 years have been systematically combed, mainly including numerical simulations and wind tunnel experiments of aerodynamic optimization of bobsleigh body shape and athletes’ positions and attitudes in the bobsleigh, and the possible future development direction of bobsleigh aerodynamics research has been put forward: the systematic study of bobsleigh aerodynamics optimization and comprehensive assessment of bobsleigh aerodynamic drag reduction effects; the study on the interaction between athlete glide control and bobsleigh aerodynamics. These studies will provide an important scientific guidance for the optimization and improvement of bobsleigh sports equipment and the daily training of athletes.

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