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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of weight growth velocity in the early stage after birth on the neurodevelopment of preterm infants at the corrected age of 12 months.@*METHODS@#Related data were collected from the preterm infants who were discharged from the Department of Neonatology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, from July 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 and were followed up at the outpatient service of high-risk infants. According to the weight growth velocity from birth to the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks, the infants were divided into two groups: low velocity [< 10 g/(kg·d); @*RESULTS@#At the corrected age of 12 months, the low velocity group had a significantly lower score of fine motor (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The weight growth velocity from birth to the corrected age of 40 weeks affects the development of fine motor and language in preterm infants at the corrected age of 12 months; however it needs to be further verified by large-sample studies.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Patient Discharge
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 649-652, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879717

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to summarize our clinical experience with testicular descent and fixation through a scrotal stria incision for the treatment of palpable cryptorchidism in children. This study included 1034 children with palpable cryptorchidism from March 2009 to March 2019. A scrotal stria incision was used to perform testicular descent and fixation. Overall, 1020 children successfully underwent surgical testicular descent and fixation through a scrotal stria incision, and 14 patients underwent conversion to inguinal incision surgery. All patients were discharged 1-2 days after the operation. During hospitalization and follow-up, 55 patients developed complications, including 10 patients with testicular retraction, 7 with poor healing of the incision, and 38 with a scrotal hematoma. No patients developed testicular atrophy, an indirect inguinal hernia, or a hydrocoele. Testicular descent and fixation through a scrotal stria incision for the treatment of palpable cryptorchidism in children is safe and feasible in well-selected cases. This method has the advantages of no scarring and a good cosmetic effect.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826616

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to reveal the effects of silicon (Si) application on nutrient utilization efficiency by rice and on soil nutrient availability and soil microorganisms in a hybrid rice double-cropping planting system. A series of field experiments were conducted during 2017 and 2018. The results showed that Si nutrient supply improved grain yield and the utilization rates of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) to an appropriate level for both early and late plantings, reaching a maximum at 23.4 kg/ha Si. The same trends were found for the ratios of available N (AN) to total N (TN) and available P (AP) to total P (TP), the soil microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), microbial biomass phosphorus (MBP), and the ratios of MBN to TN and MBP to TP, at different levels of Si. Statistical analysis further revealed that Si application enhanced rice growth and increased the utilization rate of fertilizer due to an ecological mechanism, i.e., Si supply significantly increased the total amount of soil microorganisms in paddy soil compared to the control. This promoted the mineralization of soil nutrients and improved the availability and reserves of easily mineralized organic nutrients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish HPLC fingerprint and content determination methods of Zilian oil, which will provide the scientific basis for the quality control and evaluation of Zilian oil. Methods:TLC was used for the qualitative identification of Arnebiae radix, Coptidis rhizoma and Borneolum syntheticum in oil. HPLC was adopted for to determine the fingerprints of different batches, and the content determination of β,β'-Dimethylacrylalkannin of Zilian oil was determined. Results:TLC showed that Arnebiae radix, Coptidis rhizoma and Borneolum syntheticum had clear spots and good specificity. A total of 13 common peaks of Zilian oil were identified by HPLC fingerprint analysis, and 2 characteristic peaks (Berberine hydrochloride and β,β'-Dimethylacrylalkannin) were identified, and the similarity of fingerprints between batches was ≥ 0.981. The linear range of β,β'-Dimethylacrylalkannin was 40.48-202.40 μg. Conclusions:The methods of TLC identification, fingerprint and content determination are simple, reliable and stable, which can be used for the quality control of Zilian oil.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the occurrence of colorectal cancer and different internal environment (cold and heat). Method:The 70 Wistar rats (male and female) were randomly divided into blank group (10 cases), cold model group (30 cases) and heat model group (30 cases). The cold syndrome model was made by intragastric infusion of cold water (0 ℃) and soaking in cold water (10 ℃). The heat model was made by ethanol (30%) and capsaicin solution (0.9 g·L-1). The blank group was given normal saline by gavage, 10 mL·kg-1·d-1, for 5 consecutive weeks. The colorectal cancer model was made by subcutaneous injection of DMH solution in the back of neck in the cold model group and heat model group at the 6th week, 25 mg·kg-1,once a week,for 12 consecutive times. During the carcinogenesis, only 30% ethanol solution was given to the heat model group, and the modeling was maintained in cold model group, 10 mL·kg-1·d-1, for 38 weeks. The general state of the rats in each group was observed, and the changes of food intake and body weight were measured. At the 27th, 29th, 32th, 35th and 38th weeks, samples were collected in batches. Intestinal tissues were subjected to hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) and detection of sodium, potassium-adenosine triphosphate (Na+ K+-ATP), calcium, magnesium-adenosine triphosphate (Ca2+ Mg2+-ATP) activity, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity. Result:The symptoms of hematochezia and ascites in cold model group were earlier than those in heat model group. As compared with the blank group, the food intake and body weight were decreased in cold model group and heat model group. As compared with the blank group, the length of the large intestine was shorter in cold model group at the 32nd and 35th week (P<0.05), the activities of Na+ K+-ATP, Ca2+ Mg2+-ATP increased significantly in heat model group at the 27th, 29th and 38th week (P<0.05, P<0.01), the SDH enzyme activity was decreased in the cold model group at the 29th and 35th week (P<0.05, P<0.01), the SDH enzyme activity was significantly increased in the heat model group at the 38th week (P<0.01). At the 27th week, LDH enzyme activity was significantly reduced in cold model group (P<0.01). The LDH activity was increased significantly in heat model group at 29th and 32nd week (P<0.05, P<0.01). As compared with the heat model group, the large intestine texture of the cold model rats showed greater brittleness, aggravated fibrosis, more obvious fibroproliferative characteristics, higher tumor incidence, and more serious tumor differentiation. The Na+ K+-ATP, Ca2+ Mg2+-ATP enzyme activities of the cold model rats were significantly reduced at 27th, 29th, and 38th weeks (P<0.01), the SDH enzyme activity was significantly reduced in the cold model rats at 29th and 38th weeks (P<0.01), the LDH activity was reduced in the cold model group at 32nd week (P<0.05). Conclusion:Cold environment for colorectal cancer promotes tumorigenesis, and the hot environment can also promote tumorigenesis in a later stage.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872414

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the improving effect of muscle regions of meridians needling method on the upper limb function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegic type. Methods: A total of 100 children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegia type were divided into a treatment group and a control group according to the visiting sequence, with 50 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation plus conventional acupuncture treatment. The treatment group was treated with conventional rehabilitation plus muscle regions of meridians needling method. The electromyography (EMG) signal values of triceps brachii and pronator teres were detected before treatment, and 3 months and 6 months after treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Peabody developmental motor scale-fine motor (PDMS-FM) and fine motor function measure (FMFM). Results: Three and six months after treatment, the EMG signal values of triceps brachii and pronator teres, grasping scores and visual-motor integrated scores of PDMS-FM and the FMFM scores in both groups increased to varying degrees compared with the same group before treatment, and the intra-group differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). Six months after treatment, the results of the above three items in the treatment group were all better than those in the control group, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Muscle regions of meridians needling method added on the basis of conventional rehabilitation can effectively reduce the muscle tone of upper limb and enhance the muscle strength, and improve the upper limb function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegia type. The efficacy is superior to that of the conventional rehabilitation plus conventional acupuncture treatment.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging has been successfully applied to assess the status of cartilage biochemical components. This study aimed to investigate the performance of 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging T mapping combined with texture analysis for evaluating the early degeneration of lumbar facet joints.@*METHODS@#A total of 38 patients (20 in the asymptomatic group and 18 in the symptomatic group) were enrolled. All patients underwent 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging conventional sequences, water excitation three-dimensional spoiled gradient echo sequence (3D-WATSc), and T mapping scans. The bilateral L and L/S lumbar facet joints were morphological graded using the Weishaupt criteria, T values, and texture parameters derived from T mapping of cartilage. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the differences of parameters among different groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to obtain the independent predictive factors for evaluating the early degeneration of lumbar facet joints. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of the independent predictors of cartilage T value and texture parameters with the subjects' Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score or Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score.@*RESULTS@#A total of 148 facet joints were selected, including 70 in Weishaupt 0 (normal) group, 58 in Weishaupt 1 group, and 20 in Weishaupt 2-3 group. T value, entropy, and contrast increased significantly as the exacerbation of facet joint degeneration (all <0.05), while the inverse difference moment, energy, and correlation decreased (all <0.05). Entropy among different groups was significantly different (all <0.05), and the differences of T value, contrast, inverse difference moment, and energy between Weishaupt 0 and Weishaupt 1 groups, or Weishaupt 0 and Weishaupt 2-3 groups were statistically significant (all <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that T value and inverse difference moment were the independent predictors for evaluating early degeneration of facet joints. The combination of T value with inverse difference moment achieved the best performance in distinguishing Weishaupt 0 from Weishaupt 1 (AUC=0.85), with sensitivity and specificity at 92.7% and 76.5%, respectively. In the symptom group, the cartilage T value combined inverse difference moment was positively correlated with JOA score (=0.475, <0.05) and VAS score (=0.452, <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#3.0T magnetic resonance imaging T mapping combined with texture analysis is helpful to quantitatively evaluate the early degeneration of lumbar facet joints, in which the T value and inverse difference moment show an indicative significance..


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spondylosis , Zygapophyseal Joint
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 428-435, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020490

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze and summarize the clinical safety and feasibility of minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve replacement via a right thoracic minimal incision in patients aged over 65 years. Methods: The clinical data of 45 patients over 65 years old who had mitral valve disease were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to January 2017 at Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University. The patients were divided into two groups; 20 patients in group A, who underwent minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve replacement via a right thoracic minimal incision, and 25 patients in group B, who underwent conventional mitral valve replacement. We collected and analyzed their relevant clinical data. Results: The operation was completed successfully in both groups. Compared with group B, group A was clearly superior for postoperative analgesia time, postoperative hospital length of stay, thoracic drainage liquid, blood transfusion, and length of incision. There were no differences between the two groups in postoperative severe complications and mortality. More patients in group B had pulmonary infections and poor incision healing, while more patients in group A had postoperative pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema. Conclusion: In patients aged over 65 years, minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve replacement with a small incision in the right chest had the same clinical safety and efficacy as the conventional method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Thoracotomy/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823601

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction technology for Gegen-Shujin granules. Methods With yield of volatile oil as index, single factor tests were used to investigate effects of water, soaking time and distillation time on extraction technology of volatile oil. The water amount, extraction time and numbers of extraction as factors, the contents of puerarin and total solid as indexes, orthogonal test was employed to optimize the extraction technology of Gegen-Shujin granules. Results The optimical extraction technology conditions were as follows: Cinnamomi Ramulus, cinnamomi ramulus, notopterygium, turmeric were extracted to get volatile oil with eight-folds amount water of herbs for 6 hours; while the other herbs were boiled with ten-folds amount water of herbs and extrancted for two times, 1.5 hours each time. Conclusions This extraction process is reasonable and practical, and can guarantee the quality of preparation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813277

ABSTRACT

To investigate the value of the total liver CT perfusion imaging in the evaluation of rabbit VX2 liver tumors treated with TACE and apatinib.
 Methods: Thirty-six rabbit VX2 liver cancer models were established and randomly divided into 4 groups. Group A: simple TACE group; Group B: simple oral administration of apatinib mesylate; Group C: TACE + oral apatinib mesylate; Group D: control group, administration of saline. CT perfusion imaging (CTPI) was performed before treatment and on the 7 and 14 days after the treatment to acquire perfusion parameters including blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), MTT (mean transit time), surface permeability (PS), and hepatic artery fraction (HAF). One tumor rabbit was sacrificed in each group after the first perfusion scan, and the remaining tumor rabbits were sacrificed after the last perfusion scan on the 14th day of the treatment. The borders of the tumors were stained immunohistochemically, and microvascular density (MVD) was measured by anti-CD34. The differences of perfusion parameters were compared to evaluate the liver hemodynamic changes, and statistical repeated measurement variance analysist correlation analysis were performed.
 Results: There were no significant differences in CTPI parameters of BF, BV, MTT, HAF and PS between the 4 groups before treatment (P>0.05). After the treatment, HB, HAF and PS were decreased significantly in Group A, B, and C and slightly increased in the Group D. The value of MVD after 14 d treatment was 80.1±16.4 in Group A, 50.2±11.2 in Group B, 27.4±9.7 in Group C, 68.7±12.7 in Group D, respectively. The value of MVD in the Group C were significantly lower than that in Group A, B, and D. It showed positive correlation between BF, HAF, PS and MVD in Group B, C, and D, and there was no significant correlation between BV, MTT and MVD. It showed no significant correlation between MVD and each CTPI parameter in Group A.
 Conclusion: Total liver CT perfusion can quantitatively evaluate the blood perfusion information of rabbit liver VX2 tumor after TACE. TACE combined with oral apatinib can effectively inhibit tumor growth and improve the therapeutic effect of VX2 tumor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Liver Neoplasms , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Perfusion Imaging , Pyridines , Rabbits , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1786-1793, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on GDC-0152-induced apoptosis and autophagy of acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line NB4.@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of GDC-0152 combined with Z-VAD-FMK was applied to NB4 cells. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 method. Apoptosis rate, autophagy and ROS level were detected by flow cytometry. The autophagy was observed by Cyto-ID staining fluorescence microscopy, and flow cytometry were used to detect the fluorescence expression. The expression of autophagy-related protein LC3B was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#GDC-0152 increased proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate in NB4 cells (P<0.05); GDC-0152 induced increase of ROS level of NB4 cells; GDC-0152 increased autophagy of NB4 cells that was found by Cyto-ID staining fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry (P<0.05). Western blot showed that GDC-0152 increased LC3B expression in NB4 cells and promoted the conversion of LC3BI to LC3BII; as compared with GDC-0152 (100 ng/ml), GDC-0152 (100 ng/ml) combined with ROS inhibitor YCG063 (10 μmol/L) decreased apoptosis and autophagy (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GDC-0152 inhibits cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis and autophagy of NB4 cells. ROS can promote GDC-0152-induced apoptosis and autophagy of NB4 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cyclohexanes , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Pyrroles , Reactive Oxygen Species
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774580

ABSTRACT

Based on high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic technology,the community composition and ecological functions of endophytic fungi in the bark of Eucommia ulmoides from three producing areas,Fengxiang town in Zunyi county of Guizhou province,Lingyang town of Cili county of Hunan province and Mumen town of Wangcang county of Sichuan province,were analyzed. A total of110 865 effective sequences of endophytic fungi were obtained in the study. The corresponding fungal group of OTUs after clustering belonged to 3 phyla( Ascomycota,Basidiomycota,Zygomycota),10 classes,25 orders,41 families,57 genera and 74 species. Among them,the dominant genera of Sichuan Wangcang Bark of E. ulmoides( EWP) was an unclassified genus in the Nectriaceae of the Crimsonaceae,with a relative abundance of 54. 79%; The dominant species of Hunan Cili Bark of E. ulmoides( ECP) was the unclassified genus of Ascomycota,with a relative abundance of 39. 97% and the dominant species of Guizhou Zunyi bark( EZP) was Lophiostoma,and its relative abundance was 47. 07%. The analysis of α diversity indicated that the shannon diversity index of endophytic fungi from different places was as follows: ECP: 1. 340 2>EZP: 1. 380 4 > EWP: 1. 168 3. The simpson diversity index was: EWP( 0. 427 3) >EZP( 0. 332 5) > ECP( 0. 313 6). FUNGuild software platform analysis displayed that endophytic fungi of E. ulmoides bark from three producing areas contained the following 14 functional groups: plant pathogen,animal pathogen and endophyte et al.,the number of functional groups in the 3 samples of E. ulmoides reached up 8 genera and exceeded one half of the total number. Correlation analysis of Canonical correspondence analysis( CCA) between endophytic fungal community diversity and four active compounds of E. ulmoides were analyzed,the results showed that the contents of pinoresinol diglucoside and chlorogenic acid,to a certain extend,had a positive correlation with an unclassified genus of Davidiellaceae,Mortierella,Chaetomium and Pestalotiopsis from the endophytic fungi in EWP sample.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascomycota , Chlorogenic Acid , Ecosystem , Eucommiaceae , Fungi
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773718

ABSTRACT

To enhance in vitro dissolution of Cur by preparing Cur solid dispersions. The ability of HPMCAS-HF,HPMCAS-MF,HPMCAS-LF and PVPK30 to maintain supersaturated solution was investigated by supersaturation test. Amorphous solid dispersions were prepared by the solvent-evaporation method. The prepared samples were characterized using infrared spectroscopy( IR) and differential scanning calorimetry( DSC),and in vitro dissolution was investigated. DSC and IR results showed that in 1 ∶3 and 1 ∶9 solid dispersions,Cur was amorphously dispersed in the carrier,and the interaction existed between drug and carrier. The supersaturation test showed that the order of the ability of polymer to inhibit crystallization of Cur was MF>HF>LF>K30. The dissolution results showed that Cur-K30 amorphous solid dispersion had the highest drug release rate; Cur-K30 and Cur-LF amorphous solid dispersions had a quicker but not stable dissolution rate,and the drug concentration decrease after 4 h; Cur-MF and Cur-HF solid dispersions had a low dissolution,which however increased steadily,attributing to the strong ability of the polymers to inhibit the crystallization of Cur. HPMCAS could inhibit the degradation of Cur better than K30,especially MF and HF. The amorphous solid dispersions of cur significantly enhanced the dissolution of Cur and improved the chemical stability of Cur. This study can provide a basis for the rational selection of the polymer used for Cur solid dispersion.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Curcumin , Chemistry , Drug Stability , Methylcellulose , Chemistry , Polymers , Solubility
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1607-1611, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775677

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of high volume platelet reduction therapy on the white blood cell (WBC) count and hemoglobin (Hb) level in patients with thrombocytosis.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two plateletphoreses were performed for patients with thromocytosis by using ELP or MNC program of blood component isolator of COBE spectra continuous flow concentrifugation and the ACD-A preservation solution for blood as blood anticoagulant. In each treatment of patients, 2.5-3.0 tines total blood volume (TBV) were circulated, then the platelet suspension of 1/5-1/4 time TBV was prepared and collected.@*RESULTS@#A single plateletpheresis took (212.53±41.54) minutes in which (8 812.63±2087.15) ml blood were treated, and (798.84±190.77) ml platelet suspension was collected. In the suspension, the platelet count was 4 486.50 (3 058.50-5 279.50)×10/L, containing 3 455.50 (2 288.68-4 226.71)×10. WBC count was 13.79 (10.21-20.72)×10/L, containing 11.90(7.81-14.40)×10. Hemoglobin concentration was (3.28±1.25) g/L,containing (2.62 ± 1.17) g. Before and after plateletpheresis, the patients' platelet count was 1 263.00 (1 052.50-1 807.50)×10/L and (778.83±247.25)×10/L(Z=4.94, P<0.01), WBC count was 9.96(6.44-14.01)×10/L and 8.59(5.37, 13.12)×10/L (Z=13.31, P<0.05), Hemoglobin concentration was (112.63 ± 24.56)g/L and (109.55 ± 24.46)g/L (t=1.68,P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Using continuous flow centrifugation and blood component separating in plateletpheresis for the patients with thrombocytosis can obviously decrease the high ratio of platelets, and improve the effect of plateletpheresis. The high volume platelet reduction therapy can lead to decrease of WBC count to some alent, degree but WBC count still in the normal range, moreover not affect the hemoglobin level significantly.


Subject(s)
Hemoglobins , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Platelet Count , Plateletpheresis , Thrombocytosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To optimize the extraction technology for Gegen-Shujin granules.@*Methods@#With yield of volatile oil as index, single factor tests were used to investigate effects of water, soaking time and distillation time on extraction technology of volatile oil. The water amount, extraction time and numbers of extraction as factors, the contents of puerarin and total solid as indexes, orthogonal test was employed to optimize the extraction technology of Gegen-Shujin granules.@*Results@#The optimical extraction technology conditions were as follows: Cinnamomi Ramulus, cinnamomi ramulus, notopterygium, turmeric were extracted to get volatile oil with eight-folds amount water of herbs for 6 hours; while the other herbs were boiled with ten-folds amount water of herbs and extrancted for two times, 1.5 hours each time.@*Conclusions@#This extraction process is reasonable and practical, and can guarantee the quality of preparation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813220

ABSTRACT

To prepare AS1411 targeted nano-ultrasonic contrast agent with liquid core, and to evaluate its ability for ultrasonic contrast enhancement and targeting MCF-7 cell in vitro.
 Methods: The modified solvent evaporation, self-synthesized membrane material and perfluorobrominane (PFOB) was used to form nano-ultrasonic contrast agent with PFOB core (nanoparticles, NP); then N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) catalysis was used to connect AS1411 to the surface of NP to prepare NP-AS1411. The transmission electron microscopy was chosen to check the morphology of NP-AS1411. The size, surface charge, encapsulation efficiency, biocompatibility, the contrast grey value and the stability of NP-AS1411 and NP were compared. Whether AS411 was attached to the surface of NP was checked by gel electrophoresis. Fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry were performed to examine the targeting ability of AS1411.
 Results: NP-AS1411 was a shell-nuclear structure under the electron microscope. Its size was at (245.4±16.5) nm, which was larger than that of NP (P=0.05). There was no significant difference in surface charge and encapsulation efficiency between NP-AS1411 and NP (P>0.05). In the MTT experiment, the cell viability decreased significantly at high concentration of NP-AS411 (25 mg/mL) after incubation for 24 h compared with the control group (0 mg/mL ) (P0.05). The contrast grey value of AS1411-NP was 80.1±9.2 after keeping at room temperature for 24 h, which showed no obviously change comparing with that before the treatment (P>0.05). The size of NP-AS1411didn't change too (P>0.05). The results of gel electrophoresis demonstrated that the AS1411 connecting to the surface of NP was the most when the molar ratio of NP:AS1411 was at 40:1. Flow cytometry analysis confirmed that NP and NP-AS1411 were combined with MCF-7 cells separately but the fluorescence produced by the combination of NP-AS1411 and MCF-7 was more intense.
 Conclusion: The modified solvent evaporation and EDC/NHS catalysis could successfully prepare ultrasound contrast agents with aptamer-conjugated nanoparticles with liquid core. The targeted ultrasonic contrast agents with liquid core possess good ultrasonic contrast enhancement ability in vitro, stability and specificity as well.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Contrast Media , Fluorocarbons , Humans , MCF-7 Cells , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Transmission , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813113

ABSTRACT

To develop a radiomics signature based on CT image features to estimate the expression level of Ki-67 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
 Methods: A total of 108 NSCLC patients, who underwent non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT scan in our hospital from January 2014 to November 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. They were confirmed by histopathological examination and undergone Ki-67 expression level test within 2 weeks after CT examination. The non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT three-dimensional structural images of the lesions were manually delineated by MaZda software, and the texture features of the region of interest were extracted. Combination of feature selection and classification methods were used to build radiomics signatures, and the classification were assessed using misclassification rates. The MaZda software provides texture feature selection methods including mutual information (MI), Fisher coefficients (Fisher), classification error probability combined with average correlation coefficients (POE+ACC), and Fisher+POE+ACC+MI (FPM), and texture feature analysis including raw data analysis (RDA), principal component analysis (PCA), linear classification analysis (LDA) and nonlinear classification analysis (NDA).
 Results: Among the 108 patients, 50 cases were at high levels of Ki-67 expression and 58 cases were at low levels of Ki-67 expression, respectively. The differences of gender, age and pathological type between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The radiomics signature built by FPM feature selection combined with NDA feature analysis based on non-enhanced CT images achieved the best performance for predicting the level of Ki-67 with a misclassification rate of 14.81%. However, radiomics signature based on contrast-enhanced CT images did not reduce the misclassification rate.
 Conclusion: The radiomics signature based on conventional CT image texture features is helpful to predict the expression of Ki-67 in NSCLC lesions, which can provide a non-invasive technique for assessing the invasiveness and prognosis for NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 321-329, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777054

ABSTRACT

Accumulating evidence suggests that obesity is associated with chronic pain. However, whether obesity is associated with acute inflammatory pain is unknown. Using a well-established obese mouse model induced by a high-fat diet, we found that: (1) the acute thermal pain sensory threshold did not change in obese mice; (2) the model obese mice had fewer nociceptive responses in formalin-induced inflammatory pain tests; restoring the obese mice to a chow diet for three weeks partly recovered their pain sensation; (3) leptin injection induced significant phosphorylation of STAT3 in control mice but not in obese mice, indicating the dysmodulation of topical leptin-leptin receptor signaling in these mice; and (4) leptin-leptin receptor signaling-deficient mice (ob/ob and db/db) or leptin-leptin receptor pathway blockade with a leptin receptor antagonist and the JAK2 inhibitor AG 490 in wild-type mice reduced their nociceptive responses in formalin tests. These results indicate that leptin plays a role in nociception induced by acute inflammation and that interference in the leptin-leptin receptor pathway could be a peripheral target against acute inflammatory pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Inflammation , Metabolism , Leptin , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nociception , Physiology , Nociceptive Pain , Metabolism , Obesity , Metabolism , Pain Measurement , Pain Threshold , Physiology , Receptors, Leptin , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Physiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690092

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of different doses of Yinzhihuang oral liquid and different concentrations of Lonicera japonica extract on hemolysis and hyperbilirubinemia in rats with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 10 groups (n=10 each): normal control group (untreated), negative control group (saline-treated), positive control group (primaquine-treated), low-, medium- and high-dose Yinzhihuang oral liquid groups (13.4, 26.8, and 53.6 mL/kg, respectively), and low-, medium-, high-, and very-high-concentration Lonicera japonica groups (6.7 mL/kg administered, containing 8, 40, 80, and 160 mg/mL Lonicera japonica extract, respectively). A rat model of acetylphenylhydrazine-induced G6PD deficiency was established in all groups except the normal control group, as confirmed by the morphological changes in erythrocytes observed using Wright's stain. After treatment, routine blood and biochemical tests were conducted to measure hemolytic indices, as well as changes in total and indirect bilirubin levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rats with G6PD deficiency demonstrated irregular erythrocytes with a lighter-staining center. In the positive control group, the red blood cell count decreased, while the free hemoglobin count and the reticulocyte percentage increased, as compared with before treatment (P<0.05); in all the Yinzhihuang oral liquid groups and Lonicera japonica extract groups, all the above indices except reticulocyte percentage returned to the levels before treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the positive control group, all the Yinzhihuang oral liquid groups had significantly reduced total and indirect bilirubin levels (P<0.05), and all the Lonicera japonica group had significantly reduced indirect bilirubin levels (P<0.05). However, the total bilirubin level was significantly higher in the Lonicera japonica groups than in the Yinzhihuang oral liquid groups (P<0.05). The low-dose Yinzhihuang oral liquid group demonstrated a significantly greater decrease in total bilirubin level than the medium- and high-dose Yinzhihuang oral liquid group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Administration of high-dose Yinzhihuang oral liquid and different concentrations of Lonicera Japonica extract do not cause hemolysis in rats with G6PD deficiency. Yinzhihuang oral liquid is more effective in treating hyperbilirubinemia than Lonicera Japonica extract. However, the efficacy of Yinzhihuang oral liquid may not be dose-dependent.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299279

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of preoperative serum albumin level in predicting the survival of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and sixteen newly diagnosed patients with NMIBC who underwent TURBT between January, 2007 and April, 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were categorized into low albumin (<40 g/L) and normal albumin (≥40 g/L) groups. The patient survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional analyses were used to determine the hazard ratios (HRs) for the overall survival (OS).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the patients with available data, 82 (39%) and 127 (61%) patients were classified into low albumin (<40 g/L) and normal albumin (≥40 g/L) groups, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly worse 5-year OS in low albumin group than in normal albumin group (P=0.017). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, after adjusting for confounding variables, the preoperative albumin level remained as an independent predictor for 5-year OS (HR: 3.102, 95%CI: 1.200-8.020, P=0.020).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A low preoperative albumin level predicts a poor 5-year OS in patients with NMIBC who underwent TURBT. Preoperative serum albumin can be a good prognostic factor for predicting survival of the patients with NMIBC treated with TURBT.</p>

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