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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940531

ABSTRACT

Tibetan medicine is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine with a long history,complete theories and rich contents. As the core of the sustainable development of Tibetan medicine,the reserve of Tibetan medicine is an important strategic resource of the country. The Stainless Crystal Minrror:A Tibetan Materia Medica is based on the classic book Crystal Pearl Materia Medica. Combined with modern Tibetan medicine,it has collected and introduced more than 1 430 Tibetan medicines and equipped with more than 1 200 colorful pictures of medicinal materials,which has important reference value for the research of Tibetan medicines and the establishment of quality standards. This paper starts from three perspectives of "data analysis-plant distribution-Tibetan medicine classification". Based on The Stainless Crystal Minrror:A Tibetan Materia Medica,the database of plant Tibetan medicine was constructed and analyzed statistically,and the correlation between regional distribution,medicinal parts,altitude and medicinal properties of plant Tibetan medicine was explored. The results showed that The Stainless Crystal Minrror:A Tibetan Materia Medica contained 711 plant medicines,involving 127 families and 368 genera. Angiosperms accounted for 94.1%,among which compositae had 34 genera and 74 species,occupying the first place. There are 10 medicinal parts of plant Tibetan medicine,of which 327 species (44.9%) use whole grass.The average altitude of Tibetan medicine is 3 500 m,among which 81.0% grow above 3 000 m.There is a relationship between altitude and medicinal parts and taste Classification of Tibetan medicines is usually based on the classification of the general drug name,Tibetan name,primitive and family. The analysis of plant medicine resource varieties in The Stainless Crystal Minrror:A Tibetan Materia Medica is beneficial to the effective utilization of Tibetan medicine plant resources.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1578-1582, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940027

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of orbicularis oculi muscle resection combined with orbicularis oculi muscle shortening and lower eyelid retractor reduction in the treatment of elderly lower eyelid entropion.METHODS:A retrospective study was conducted among 97 elderly patients(175 eyes)with lower eyelid entropion who admitted to the hospital from June 2019 to June 2021. According to the treatment method, the patients were divided into control group(47 patients of 82 eyes treated with orbicularis oculi muscle resection)and combination group(50 patients of 93 eyes treated with orbicularis oculi muscle resection combined with orbicularis oculi muscle shortening and lower eyelid retractor reduction). The two groups were compared in terms of short-term curative effect, perioperative indexes, scores of symptoms and signs before and after surgery, width of palpebral fissure before and after surgery, direction of eyelashes, exposure rate of lacrimal caruncle, complications, and patient satisfaction.RESULTS: The total response rate in the combination group was significantly higher than that in the control group(95% vs 80%, P=0.004). The intraoperative blood loss, operation time and hospital stay of the combination group were significantly more/longer than those of the control group(P<0.001). The scores of symptoms and signs such as lacrimation, foreign body sensation, photophobia and irritation in the combination group after the surgery were significantly lower than those in the control group(all P<0.001). After surgery, the width of palpebral fissure, direction of eyelashes and exposure rate of lacrimal caruncle in the combination group were higher than those in the control group(P<0.001). The incidence of postoperative complications in the combination group was lower than that in the control group(8% vs 18%, P=0.032). The patient satisfaction scores of comfort level, trichiasis correction, scar appearance, eyes symmetry and appearance in the combination group were higher than those in the control group(all P<0.001).CONCLUSION: Orbicularis oculi muscle resection combined with orbicularis oculi muscle shortening and lower eyelid retractor reduction is effective and safe in the treatment of elderly lower eyelid entropion, which can meet the requirements of the patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939539

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces the clinical experience of GAO Hong in treatment of tic disorder. GAO Hong believes that tic disorder results from the primary qi deficiency and mind disturbance. Acupuncture for cultivating the primary and regulating the mind is proposed specially for tic disorder. This acupuncture technique focuses on harmonizing and regulating governor vessel and conception vessel. In clinical practice, the conception vessel acupoints on the abdomen and the governor vessel acupoints on the head are selected particularly, e.g. Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Qihai (CV 6) and Guanyuan (CV 4) on the abdomen; Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13) and Yintang (GV 24+) on the head. The needling sequence and the insertion depth are emphasized, which affect the curative effect and GV 20 is generally punctured first. Besides, considering to the type of disorder and the affected site, tic disorder is treated in view of both syndrome/pattern differentiation and symptom differentiation.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Tic Disorders/therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 297-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935386

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on the geographic information systems, we exploreed the spatiotemporal clustering and the development and evolution of COVID-19 epidemic at prefectural level in China from the time when the epidemic was discovered to the time when the lockdown ended in Wuhan. Methods: The information and data of the confirmed COVID-19 cases from December 8, 2019 to April 8, 2020 were collected from 367 prefectures in China for a spatial autocorrelation analysis with software GeoDa, and software ArcGIS was used to visualize the results. Software SatScan was used for spatiotemporal scanning analysis to visualize the hot-spot areas of the epidemic. Results: The incidence of new cases of COVID-19 had obvious global autocorrelation and the partial autocorrelation results showed that incidence of COVID-19 had different spatial distribution at different times from December 8, 2019 to March 4, 2020. There was no significant difference in global autocorrelation coefficient from March 5, 2020 to April 8, 2020. The statistical analysis of spatiotemporal scanning identified two kinds of spatiotemporal clustering areas, the first class clustering areas included 10 prefectures, mainly distributed in Hubei, from January 13 to February 25, 2020. The secondary class clustering areas included 142 prefectures, mainly distributed in provinces in the north and east of Hubei, from January 23 to February 1, 2020. Conclusions: There was a clear spatiotemporal correlation in the distribution of the outbreaks in the early phase of COVID-19 epidemic (December 8, 2019-March 4, 2020) in China. With the decrease of the case and effective prevention and control measures, the epidemics had no longer significant correlations among areas from March 5 to April 8. The study results showed relationship with time points of start and adjustment of emergency response at different degree in provinces. Furthermore, improving the early detection of new outbreaks and taking timely and effective prevention and control measures played an important role in blocking the transmission.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Epidemics , Humans , Spatio-Temporal Analysis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935312

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of Yersinia enterocolitica in patients with diarrhea in Pudong New Area, Shanghai. Methods: Active surveillance of diarrhea was conducted in 14 sentinel hospitals (three tertiary-level hospitals, nine secondary-level hospitals, and two primary-level hospitals) from January 2013 to December 2019 in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China base on their location, catchment area, and patient volume. Cold enrichment method was used to isolate Y. enterocolitica and further detection of bioserotype, virulence genes and antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates were conducted. The difference of rates was determined using chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: A total of 12 941 diarrhea cases were included, and 0.7% (88/12 941) cases were confirmed with Yersinia enterocolitica infection. 67.0% (59/88) cases were single infection, 33.0% (29/88) cases were mixed infections. Detection rates of Y. enterocolitica increased annually (0.3%-1.2%) and were highest in children<5 years of age (1.1%, 37/3 218) and in spring (1.1%, 32/2 998) (χ2 were 18.64 and 9.76, respectively, P<0.05). 58.0% (51/88) cases had watery diarrhea, 15.9% (14/88) had fever and 14.8% (13/88) had vomiting. The predominant bioserotypes were 3/O:3 (53.4%, 47/88), followed by 1A/O:8 (15.9%, 14/88) and 1A/O:5(6.8%, 6/88), respectively. Bioserotype 3/O:3 counted for the highest proportions (89.2%, 33/37) in children <5 years of age. All the strains of bioserotype 3/O:3 harbored ail, ystA, yadA and virF genes, which encoded pathogenic Y. enterocolitica. 11/14 strain of 1A/O:8 and 4/6 strains of 1A/O:5 harbored ystB gene. Most strains were resistant to ampicillin (80.7%,71/88) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (71.6%,63/88), and 63.8% (56/88) strains were multidrug resistance (MDR). The difference of antimicrobial resistance rates between 3/O:3 and non 3/O:3 was statistically significant in ampicillin, cefoxitin, nalidixic acid, tetracycline and ampicillin/sulbactam (χ2 was 14.68, 43.80, 41.86, 30.54 and 5.07, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusion: The detection rate of Yersinia enterocolitica was higher in children than in adults in Pudong New Area , Shanghai. The predominant bioserotype was pathogenic 3/O:3 with multidrug resistance.


Subject(s)
Ampicillin , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Child , China/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Humans , Yersinia enterocolitica
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the difference in safety and immunogenicity of live rotavirus vaccine (oral) and measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine immunized alone or in combination.Methods:This study recruited 1 752 children aged 8-9 months who had not been vaccinated with live rotavirus vaccine (oral) or MMR vaccine after birth. The subjects were divided into three groups: study group (652 subjects, immunized with live rotavirus vaccine and MMR vaccine), control group 1 (723 subjects, immunized with live rotavirus vaccine) and control group 2 (377 subjects, immunized with MMR vaccine). Local and systemic adverse reactions within 30 d after vaccination were recorded. Serum samples were collected before and 35-42 d after immunization for analyzing the changes in antibodies.Results:Immunization alone or in combination with live rotavirus vaccine (oral) and MMR vaccine achieved similar results in the positive rates and concentrations of antibodies against rotavirus, measles and rubella viruses ( P>0.05). Moreover, the positive rates and the concentrations of the three antibodies were increased after vaccination. Compared with the control group 2, the concentration of antibody against mumps virus in the study group was increased ( P<0.05), but no significant difference in the positive rate of antibody against mumps virus was found between the two groups ( P>0.05). The positive rate and the concentration of antibody against mumps virus were increased after combined immunization or immunization with MMR vaccine alone. The overall incidence of fever and diarrhea was 1.54% (27/1 752) and 0.63% (11/1 752). No other abnormal reactions, incidental reactions or adverse reactions of any clinical significance were observed. Conclusions:Live rotavirus vaccine (oral) and MMR vaccine immunized alone or in combination showed good immunogenicity and safety.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its correlation with clinical symptoms in patients with first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients of different genders.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2019, a total of 81 first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients(patient group, 41 male, 40 female) and 64 healthy controls (control group, 40 male, 24 female) were included in this study.The serum level of VEGF was detected with flow cytometric bear array (CBA). Positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the relevant clinical symptoms of patients.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used for comparison between groups.The relationship between VEGF and clinical variables was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results:The level of serum VEGF in the patient group was significantly lower than that in the control group(148.08(75.89, 208.61)pg/mL, 179.94(99.14, 318.41)pg/mL, Z=-2.20, P=0.028). The total PANSS score((82.71±17.30), (73.45±16.36), t=2.473, P=0.016)and cognitive score((7.88±3.36), (6.23±2.81), t=2.402, P=0.019) in male patients were higher than those in female patients.There was a negative correlation between VEGF level and PANSS negative symptom score in the patient group( r=-0.228, P=0.041), as well as significant negtive correlation between VEGF level and cognitive score in male patients( r=-0.425, P=0.007). Conclusion:The level of serum VEGF is reduced in first-episode patients with schizophrenia, which influences their negative symptom. Moreover, the decline in serum VEGF level is implicated in cognitive impairments in male patients with first-episode schizophrenia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of optimized catheter clipping training and automatic balloon retraction ureteral catheter removal on first urination of patients after neurosurgery, and provide guidance for postoperative micturition of these patients.Methods:From August 2020 to August 2021, 208 patients admitted to Department of Neurosurgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, undergoing craniocerebral surgery under general anesthesia and indurating catheter were selected as the study subjects by convenient sampling. They were divided into control group ( n=69), observation group A ( n=69) and observation group B( n=70) by random number table method. The control group received routine catheter clipping training and routine ureteral catheter removal, the observation group A received optimized catheter clipping training and routine ureteral catheter removal, and the observation group B received optimized catheter clipping training and automatic balloon retraction ureteral catheter removal. The first micturition time, first micturition volume, micturition circumstance, pain score and urethral irritation sign of the three groups were observed and compared. Results:The first urination time in observation group A and B were (11.58 ± 6.59) min and (10.06 ± 5.91) min, respectively, lower than (37.14 ± 13.74) min in control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=13.94, 15.07, both P<0.05); there was no significant difference between observation group B and observation group A ( P>0.05). The first urine volume were (303.66 ± 43.74) ml in control group, (299.06 ± 41.26) ml in observation group A and (299.28 ± 43.17) ml in observation group B, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The incidence of urination (spontaneous urination, induced urination and urinary retention) in observation group A was better than control group ( χ2=16.47), while observation group B was better than observation group A and control group ( χ2=8.59, 37.83), the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in pain score of ureteral catheter removal between observation group A (2.71 ± 0.67) and control group (2.87 ± 0.78) ( P>0.05). The score of observation group B (1.41 ± 0.65) was lower than that of control group and observation group A, the differences were statistically significant ( t=11.93, 11.62, both P<0.05). There was no significant difference of the incidence of urethral irritation (grade 0, 1, 2, and 3) between observation group A and control group ( P>0.05). Observation group B was lower than control group and observation group A, the differences were statistically significant ( t=38.81, 25.27, both P<0.05). Conclusions:Optimized catheter clipping training and automatic balloon retraction ureteral catheter removal can effectively shorten the first urination time of patients after neurosurgery, reduce the pain of ureteral catheter removal and urethral irritation during the first urination, improve the success rate of the first urination, and effectively prevent the occurrence of urinary retention.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927957

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of components in stasis-resolving and collateral-dredging Chinese herbal medicines, including scutellarin(Scu), paeonol(Pae), and hydroxy safflower yellow A(HSYA), in the treatment of psoriasis by regulating angiogenesis and inflammation. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) cultured in vitro were divided into a normal group, a model group, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor Ⅱ(VRI) group, and Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups with low, me-dium, and high doses. Cell viability was detected by the CCK-8 assay. Cell migration was detected by wound healing assay. Tube formation assay was used to measure the tube formation ability. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of the VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The secretion levels of inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were detected by ELISA. The results showed that compared with the model group, all the Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups could reduce cell viability, inhibit cell migration and tube formation(P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, Akt, p-Akt, ERK1/2, and p-ERK1/2. Scu and Pae could down-regulate VEGFR2 expression(P<0.05, P<0.01), while other groups only showed a downward trend. Scu and Pae significantly reduced IFN-γ and IL-6 levels(P<0.01), and HSYA significantly reduced the levels of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6(P<0.01). Scu, Pae, and HSYA had no significant effect on TNF-α. The results suggested that Scu, Pae, and HSYA may exert a therapeutic role in psoriasis-related angiogenesis and inflammation by inhibiting VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway and inhibiting the secretion of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , China , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the repair effect and JNK/NF-κB,SOX9 mechanisms of vibration exercise with different frequencies on articular cartilage in rats with early knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Forty-eight adult male SD rats were randomly divided into six groups(n=8):model control group(MC),high frequency vibration group 1 (GP1,60 Hz),high frequency vibration 2 group (GP2,40 Hz),medium frequency vibration group (ZP,20 Hz),minor frequency group(DP,10 Hz)and normal control group(NC). Except for NC group,the rats in each group were made into early knee osteoarthritis model after six weeks of knee joint cavity injection of papain solution and 2% mixture l-cysteine on the 1st,4 th and 7th day. Each exercise group was subjected vibration to 40 minutes a day with amplitude of 2~5 mm and 5 days a week. Four weeks later, the articular cartilage of the lateral femoral condyle of the both back leg knee joints were detected by HE staining,serine O staining and Mankin scores for morphological observation. The expression levels of JNK,NF-κB p65 and Sox9 mRNA in articular cartilage of the medial femoral condyle were detected by RT-qPCR,and the protein expressions of JNK,NF-κB p65 and Sox9 were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the NC group,the Mankin score in other groups was significantly higher (P<0.01). Compared with the MC group,the Mankin score of each vibration group was significantly lower(P<0.05),the mRNA and protein expressions of JNK and NF-κB p65 in each vibration training group were significantly lower (P<0.01),the expressions of Sox9 mRNA and protein in vibration training group were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the higher frequency group,the Mankin score,the mRNA and protein expressions of JNK and NF-κB p65 of lower frequency group were significantly lower (P<0.05 or P<0.01). But the expressions of Sox9 mRNA and protein were significantly higher (P< 0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: Vibration exercise of different frequencies may present varying degrees of cartilage repair impact in rats with early knee osteoarthritis,and the cartilage repair by low-frequency vibration training is better than that by high-frequency vibration. This can be one of the mechanisms on controlling collagen synthesis by down-regulating JNK/NF-κB expression and increasing SOX9 activity of OA articular cartilage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 4 , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , SOX9 Transcription Factor , Vibration
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927665

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Neonatal exposure to propofol has been reported to cause neurotoxicity and neurocognitive decline in adulthood; however, the underlying mechanism has not been established.@*Methods@#SD rats were exposed to propofol on postnatal day 7 (PND-7). Double-immunofluorescence staining was used to assess neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). The expression of p-Akt and p27 were measured by western blotting. The Morris water maze, novel object recognition test, and object location test were used to evaluate neurocognitive function 2-month-old rats.@*Results@#Phosphorylation of Akt was inhibited, while p27 expression was enhanced after neonatal exposure to propofol. Propofol also inhibited proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and decreased differentiation to neurons and astroglia. Moreover, the neurocognitive function in 2-month-old rats was weakened. Of significance, intra-hippocampal injection of the Akt activator, SC79, attenuated the inhibition of p-AKT and increase of p27 expression. SC79 also rescued the propofol-induced inhibition of NSC proliferation and differentiation. The propofol-induced neurocognition deficit was also partially reversed by SC79.@*Conclusion@#Taken together, these results suggest that neurogenesis is hindered by neonatal propofol exposure. Specifically, neonatal propofol exposure was shown to suppress the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs by inhibiting Akt/p27 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Hippocampus/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells , Propofol/toxicity , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905951

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on fingerprint, index component content and dry extract yield, a quality evaluation method for substance benchmark of Xiebaisan was established to study the key quality attributes, to explore the quantitative transfer relationship between decoction pieces and substance benchmark, and to preliminarily formulate the quality standard of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan. Method:The substance benchmark of Xiebaisan was prepared according to the records of ancient formulas, fingerprints of 15 batches of decoction pieces and substance benchmarks were collected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the index components were determined with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid solution for gradient elution. The dry extract yield, fingerprint similarity and transfer rate of index components were combined to study the quantity value transmitting. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were identified in fingerprint of the substance benchmark and two characteristic peaks from stir-fried Mori Cortex, four characteristic peaks from baked Lycii Cortex, four characteristic peaks from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata cum Melle. Mulberroside A, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid were used as index components for the determination, the contents of mulberroside A, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid in substance benchmark of Xiebaisan were 2.69%-4.26%, 0.09%-0.17% and 0.09%-0.16%, and their transfer rates were (31.37±4.14)%, (36.12±4.03)% and (12.25±0.88)%, respectively. The similarity of fingerprint of substance benchmarks was good, the fingerprint similarities of 14 batches of substance benchmarks and control fingerprint were >0.9. The dry extract yield of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan ranged from 8.09% to 11.29%. Conclusion:The established quality evaluation method of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan is scientific and reasonable, and the transfer process of decoction pieces to substance benchmarks is stable and controllable. The preliminary quality standard of the substance benchmark can provide basis and reference for the development of modern preparations of Xiebaisan in the future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904660

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the association between preoperative, perioperative parameters, especially estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after modified extended Morrow procedure. Methods    A total of 300 hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) patients who underwent modified extended Morrow procedure in our hospital from January 2012 to March 2018 were collected. There were 197 (65.67%) males and 103 (34.33%) females with an average age of 43.54±13.81 years. Heart rhythm was continuously monitored during hospitalization. The patients were divided into a POAF group (n=68) and a non-POAF group (n=232). The general data, perioperative parameters and echocardiographic results were collected by consulting medical records for statistical analysis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for POAF. Results    Overall incidence of POAF during hospitalization was 22.67% (68/300). Compared with patients without POAF, patients with POAF were older, had higher incidence of chest pain and syncope, lower level of preoperative eGFR, higher body mass index and heart function classification (NYHA), larger preoperative left atrial diameter and left ventricular end diastolic diameter, and longer ventilator-assisted time, ICU stay and postoperative hospital stay. Age, heart function classification (NYHA)≥Ⅲ, hypertension, syncope history and eGFR were independent risk factors for POAF. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of eGFR was 0.731 (95%CI 0.677-0.780, P<0.001), and the sensitivity and specificity were 82.4% and 57.8%, respectively. Conclusion    Increased age, high preoperative heart function classification (NYHA), hypertension, preoperative syncope history and decreased eGFR are independent risk factors for POAF in HOCM patients who underwent surgical septal myectomy. Preoperative decreased eGFR can moderately predict the occurrence of POAF after modified extended Morrow procedure.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903855

ABSTRACT

Haemonchosis remains a significant problem in small ruminants. In this study, the assay of recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with the lateral flow strip (LFS-RPA) was established for the rapid detection of Haemonchus contortus in goat feces. The assay used primers and a probe targeting a specific sequence in the ITS-2 gene. We compared the performance of the LFS-RPA assay to a PCR assay. The LFS-RPA had a detection limit of 10 fg DNA, which was 10 times less compared to the lowest detection limit obtained by PCR. Out of 24 goat fecal samples, LFS-RPA assay detected H. contortus DNA with 95.8% sensitivity, compared to PCR, 79.1% sensitivity. LFS-RPA assay did not detect DNA from other related helminth species and demonstrated an adequate tolerance to inhibitors present in the goat feces. Taken together, our results suggest that LFS-RPA assay had a high diagnostic accuracy for the rapid detection of H. contortus and merits further evaluation.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896151

ABSTRACT

Haemonchosis remains a significant problem in small ruminants. In this study, the assay of recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with the lateral flow strip (LFS-RPA) was established for the rapid detection of Haemonchus contortus in goat feces. The assay used primers and a probe targeting a specific sequence in the ITS-2 gene. We compared the performance of the LFS-RPA assay to a PCR assay. The LFS-RPA had a detection limit of 10 fg DNA, which was 10 times less compared to the lowest detection limit obtained by PCR. Out of 24 goat fecal samples, LFS-RPA assay detected H. contortus DNA with 95.8% sensitivity, compared to PCR, 79.1% sensitivity. LFS-RPA assay did not detect DNA from other related helminth species and demonstrated an adequate tolerance to inhibitors present in the goat feces. Taken together, our results suggest that LFS-RPA assay had a high diagnostic accuracy for the rapid detection of H. contortus and merits further evaluation.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes in the cytokine profiles of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing antiviral treatment.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients were treated with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV). Clinical biochemistry and cytokines were detected at baseline and every 3 months.@*Results@#In all, 200 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment, 100 in the PEG-IFN group and 100 in the ETV group. During 3-6 months of treatment, compared with baseline, the PEG-IFN group showed a significant decrease in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) ( @*Conclusion@#During antiviral therapy, a change in the cytokine profile occurred; in the aspect of immune control and functional cure, PEG-IFN was significantly better than ETV.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/blood , Female , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of platelet and coagulation function with blood stasis syndrome (BSS) in coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#The protocol for this meta-analysis was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42019129452). PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (Embase), the Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception to 1st June, 2020. Trials were considered eligible if they enrolled BSS and non-BSS (NBSS) patients with CHD and provided information on platelet and coagulation function. The platelet function, coagulation function, and fibrinolytic activity were compared between the BSS and NBSS groups. Forest plots were generated to show the SMDs or ESs with corresponding 95% CIs for each study. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed to explore potential sources of heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#The systematic search identified 1,583 articles. Thirty trials involving 10,323 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet aggregation rate, platelet P selectin, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), thromboxane B2 (TXB2), 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha (6-keto-PGF1 α), and TXB2/6-keto-PGF1 α were higher in the BSS group than in the NBSS group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Activated partial thromboplastin time was lower in the BSS group than in the NBSS group in the acute phase of CHD (P<0.01). The R and K values in thromboelastography and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and t-PA/PAI-1 were lower in the BSS group than in the NBSS group (all P<0.01). No difference was found in the results of platelet count, plateletcrit, maximum amplitude, von Willebrand factor, prothrombin time, thrombin time, international normalized ratio, etc. between groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased platelet function, hypercoagulability, and decreased fibrinolytic activity were found among CHD patients with BSS.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Platelets , Coronary Disease , Humans , Platelet Aggregation , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875670

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of atherosclerotic high-fat diet on body weight, blood glucose, blood lipid levels and atherosclerotic plaque formation in mice, and to determine the effect of fasting time on the results of blood lipid testing. Methods 10-week-old male ApoE knockout (ApoE-/-) mice were given high-fat diet and normal diet. The atherosclerotic plaques were observed four months later. 10 week old C57BL/6J male mice were given regular diet for 4 weeks, regular diet for 2 weeks + high-fat diet for two or four weeks. Body weight、liver、glucose, and the serum lipid levels were examined. The influence of fasting for 12 h, 6 h or no fasting on blood lipid detection results before sacrificing were studied. Results The atherosclerotic plaque area of ApoE-/- mice given high-fat diet increased significantly (P<0.01). C57BL/6J mice given high-fat diet gained weight (P<0.01). The glucose, TC, LDL-c and HDL-c were also increased in C57BL/6J mice with liver fat accumulation while the level of TG was significantly decreased(P<0.01). Compared with the fasting 12 h group, serum triglyceride (TG) was significantly increased (P<0.01)in fasting 6 h and no fasting groups. Conclusion The atherosclerotic high-fat diet can accelerate the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in ApoE-/- mice, significantly increase blood sugar, TC and LDL-c levels, but significantly reduce TG values.. The fasting time can affect serum triglyceride (TG) level.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906467

ABSTRACT

Objective:The differences of chemical compositions and pharmacological activities between the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus were investigated by chemical analysis and <italic>in vitro</italic> test to explore the effect of the core on the quality of this medicinal material. Method:Literature, medicinal material standards and market research on the appearance of Phyllanthi Fructus were conducted based on existing databases. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-electrostatic field orbital trap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS) was used to identify the constituents of the core and pulp. The analysis was performed on Thermo Scientific Accucore C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.6 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-methanol (B) for gradient elution (0-25 min, 5%B; 25-30 min, 5%-95%B; 30-35 min, 95%-5%B), the flow rate was 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, heating electrospray ionization (HESI) was adopted with positive and negative ion modes, and the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 500. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to determine the contents of gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid and ellagic acid in the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus. Analysis was performed on Welchrom C<sub>18</sub> column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of methanol (A)-0.05% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-6 min, 5%A; 6-15 min, 5%-7%A; 15-20 min, 7%-15%A; 20-25 min, 15%-21%A; 25-31 min, 21%-22%A; 31-41 min, 22%A; 41-47 min, 22%-28%A; 47-51 min, 28%-32%A; 51-57 min, 32%-38%A; 57-70 min, 38%-45%A; 70-80 min, 45%-65%A; 80-85 min, 65%-5%A), the detection wavelength was set at 270 nm. The antibacterial effects of the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus on <italic>Escherichia coli</italic> and <italic>Staphylococcus aureus</italic> were investigated by filter paper method, and their antioxidant activities were compared by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay. Result:A total of 47 compounds were identified in the core and pulp of Phyllanthi Fructus, mainly including tannins, flavonoids, phenolic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, organic acids, saccharides and glycosides, most of which were concentrated in the pulp, and the fatty acids in the core accounted for a higher proportion. The contents of gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid, ellagic acid and other phenolic compounds in the pulp of 20 batches of Phyllanthi Fructus were much higher than those in the core. The results of antibacterial test showed that the core of Phyllanthi Fructus with different concentrations had no antimicrobial effect. The DPPH radical scavenging test showed that the antioxidant activity of the core [half-inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>)=199.632 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>] was much less than that of the pulp (IC<sub>50</sub>=12.688 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>). Conclusion:From the perspectives of polyphenol content, antibacterial and antioxidant activities, it is scientific to use Phyllanthi Fructus pulp in ancient and modern times, which may be to remove the secondary parts of Phyllanthi Fructus, so as to enhance the actual utilization rate and therapeutic effect of medicinal materials. In view of the large proportion of the core of Phyllanthi Fructus and its high content of fatty acids and other components, whether or not to use it remains to be further studied in clinical application.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906371

ABSTRACT

Xiao chengqitang is recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases written by ZHANG Zhong-jing in the Eastern Han dynasty. It is composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, which is mainly used to treat mild exogenous Yangming Fu-viscera excess syndrome. This formula has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescription (The First Batch). However, the processing specifications and doses recorded in the original formula are different from the modern usage, which results in some difficulties in the research and development of Xiao Chengqitang granules. For clarifying the key information, such as historical evolution of prescription, dose conversion, the origin and processing specifications of each medicine in the prescription, the paper systematically analyzes the ancient medical books and related literature in the past dynasties and refers to the life experience of ZHANG Zhong-jing. Then the modern prescription and decocting methods of Xiao Chengqitang were determined as follows:composing 55.2 g of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma (Rheum officinale) washed with wine, 27.6 g of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex (Magnolia officinalis) processed with ginger and 39.0 g of stir-fried Aurantii Fructus Immaturus (Citrus aurantium), adding 800 mL of water, decocting to 240 mL and filtrating.

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