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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 178-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913162

ABSTRACT

Blocking immune checkpoint programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) or programmed death receptor-ligand 1 (PD-L1) can enhance anti-tumor activity of effector T cells. However, the lack of response in many patients to PD-1/PD-L1 therapy remains a question. Improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) to enhance the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors has become a promising cancer treatment strategy. We constructed a liposome system (PD-L1/siCXCL12-Lp) of CXCL12 siRNA and anti-PD-L1 peptide with matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) responsiveness, which combined the TME regulation of siCXCL12 and the immune regulation of anti-PD-L1 peptide. All animal experiments were approved by the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Peking University. The authors found that PD-L1/siCXCL12-Lp directly down-regulated the expression of CXCL12 in vitro (33.8%) and in vivo (15.5%). It also effectively increased the ratio of CD8+/Treg by 20.0%, which helped the anti-PD-L1 peptide to better exert its immune effect. The combination therapy significantly inhibited tumor growth (52.08%) with great safety, which explored a new idea for cancer immunotherapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients with lumbar spinal tenosis treated by unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopy from February 2018 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 18 males and 14 females, aged 65 to 84 years old with an average of (70.6± 8.4) years. The course of disease was from 1 to 12 years. All 32 cases were accompanied by numbness or pain in the lower limbs, of which 28 cases were accompanied by intermittent claudication. Narrow segments were L@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12-24 (17.68±2.43) months and all operations were successfully completed with the operation time of 70-160(85.64±11.94) min. Spinal dural tear occurred in 1 case during the operation, and sensory disturbance in the other side of lower limb in a short period of time occurred in 2 cases, all improved after corresponding treatment. Postoperative imaging showed that the spinal canal was significantly enlarged and the nerve root was fully released. Before operation and 3 days, 3 months, 1 year after operation, VAS scores of low back pain were 4.62 ±1.41, 2.73 ±1.35, 1.21 ±1.17, 1.11 ±0.34, respectively;VAS scores of leg pain were 6.83 ± 1.71, 3.10±1.50, 1.08±0.19, 0.89±0.24, respectively. VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain each time point after operation were obvious improved (@*CONCLUSION@#It is a safe and effective way to treat lumbar spinal stenosis with unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system. It has the advantages of sufficient decompression, less trauma, fast recovery, high safety and low incidence of postoperative complications. It can minimize the damage to the stable structure of the lumbar spine and is an ideal minimally invasive operation for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Decompression, Surgical , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 370-375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909760

ABSTRACT

Non-acute intracranial artery total occlusion can lead to severe neurological defect and high recurrence rate of stroke.At present, there is no effective treatment recommended by the guidelines.Traditional treatment methods include medical therapy, extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery and minimally invasive endovascular recanalization therapy.In recent years, with the development of microsurgical vascular anastomosis technique and neurosurgical intervention, and the development of interventional materials, the treatment of non-acute intracranial artery total occlusion has become a hot spots.In this paper, the concept of non on-acute intracranial artery total occlusion, medical therapy, extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery and endovascular interventional therapy are reviewed.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922255

ABSTRACT

The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in central nerve system is mostly composed of GluN1 and GluN2 subunits. The classical NMDAR has been intensively studied. However, GluN3‑containing NMDAR is much less expressed and have atypical channel properties. Recently, accumulating evidences have revealed two types of GluN3‑containing NMDAR: glutamate-gated GluN1/GluN2/GluN3 NMDAR and glycine-gated GluN1/GluN3 NMDAR. The former may play important roles in regulating synapse maturation and pruning non-used synapses, and its elevated expression at the adult stage may alter synaptic reorganization in some neuropsychiatric disorders. The latter is expressed in the medial habenula and involves in control of aversion. This article reviews the recent progresses on the expression, functional properties of GluN3‑containing atypical NMDARs and the physiological and pathological relevance.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System/metabolism , Protein Subunits/metabolism , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Synapses
5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E862-E868, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920695

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of non-Newtonian properties on hemodynamic characteristics of Fontan procedure in computational simulation. Methods A Fontan vascular model was reconstructed based on patient-specific medical images. The boundary conditions were set according to velocity profiles measured by real-time echocardiography. The Newtonian model and two non-Newtonian (Casson and Carreau) models were applied to analyze the hemodynamic parameters, including flow ratio (FR), energy loss (EL), wall shear stress (WSS) as well as non-Newtonian importance factor, so as to compare flow differences between the Newtonian model and non-Newtonian models. Results The rheological models had small effects on the FR. The EL of non-Newtonian models was higher than that of the Newtonian model, and the EL of Casson model was the highest. Flow recirculation and flow disturbance accompanied with low WSS were observed in inferior vena cava (IVC). At low inflow velocity, flow disturbance in IVC of Newtonian model was more obvious. The calculations of non-Newtonian importance factor suggested significant non-Newtonian viscosity in IVC. Conclusions Non-Newtonian viscosity is significant in IVC where low velocity and flow recirculation are observed. Non-Newtonian properties of the blood should be considered in patient-specific hemodynamic simulation of Fontan procedure.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and summarize the surgical strategies of biventricular conversion from single-ventricle palliation for the complex congenital heart defects in this study.Methods:From April 2017 to December 2019, a total of 14 cases with complex complex congenital heart defects who had planned to undergo single-ventricle palliation were finally accepted biventricular conversion. According to the development and anatomical characteristics of the ventricles, they were divided into two groups: ventricular well development group(9 cases), all of which showed complex intracardiac defects, and the ventricles well developed, including 4 cases of double outlet right ventricle with remote ventricular septal defect, 2 cases of transposition of great arteries combined with ventricular septal defect and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, one case of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries combined with double outlet right ventricle and interrupted aortic arch, one case of double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary ventricular septal defect and atrioventricular connection inconsistency, one case of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. Ventricular unbalanced development group(5 cases), all of which were functional single ventricle, including 3 cases of heterotaxy and 2 cases of unbalanced complete atrioventricular septal defect. The operation time, postoperative complications, death, cardiac function and reoperation of the two groups were compared.Results:There was one early death, with a mortality rate of 7.1%. In the ventricular well development group, the average waiting time for biventricular conversion was(56.4 ± 38.9) months. One case died after the operation. The early complications included 2 case of arrhythmias, 3 cases of pleural effusions and 2 cases of pulmonary infections. In the ventricular unbalanced development group, the average waiting time for biventricular conversion was(20.4 ± 15.8) months, and the average of left ventricular end-diastolic volume was(33.6 ± 2.1) ml/m 2. The early complications included 2 cases of low cardiac outputs, one case of arrhythmia and one case of renal failure. There was no significant difference in operation time, intubation time and ICU time between the two groups. The patients were followed up for 4 months to 3 years, and there was no death. In the ventricular well development group, one case was reoperated due to the obstruction of the anastomosis between the superior vena cava and the right atrial appendage. In the ventricular unbalanced development group, one case was implanted with a permanent pacemaker due to the degree Ⅲ atrioventricular block. The NYHA grade of the whole group was Ⅰ-Ⅱ. Conclusion:Whether the complex congenital heart defects with the ventricles well developed or unbalanced, the comprehensive evaluation before the planned single-ventricle palliation will be helpful to find the appropriate cases for biventricular conversion. According to its anatomical characteristics performed the corresponding biventricular conversion can obtain a satisfied clinical outcomes, although the long-term results still need further follow-up.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the intestinal mucosal state of ulcerative colitis (UC) through UC endoscopic scores and to investigate the correlation between the endoscopic scores and clinical activity and histological scores.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on data of 152 patients who underwent colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2014 to September 2019. The results were graded with 7 endoscopic scores, namely, Mayo endoscopic score(MES), modified Baron score(MBS), endoscopic activity index(EAI) , Sutherland index(DAI or UCDAI) , Rachmilewitz endoscopic index(REI), Lemann endoscopic index (LEI), and ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity(UCEIS). Spearman correlation coefficients between endoscopic score and partial Mayo scores, Truelove-Witts disease severity score and Nancy index (NI), Robarts index (RHI) and Geboes score (GS) were calculated respectively. Consistency of each endoscopic score among different observers was analyzed.Results:Except for the weak correlation between DAI and Truelove - Witts classification ( r= 0.469, P < 0.001), all other endoscopic scores were moderately positively correlated with clinical activity scores with significance( all P<0.001). However, the correlation between 7 endoscopic scores and histological scores was weak ( P<0.001). Except that the consistency of MBS among observers was medium, those of MES, DAI and LEI among observers were poor, and those of UCEIS, EAI and REI among observers were worse ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Endoscopic scores were moderately correlated with clinical activity indexes and weakly correlated with histological scores. However, patients with endoscopic remission may have histologic inflammatory activity, so attention should be paid to histological mucosal healing after endoscopic remission. The consistency of all 7 endoscopic scoring stystems among observers was low, and the repeatability was poor.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the characteristics of the phagocytosis and bactericidal function of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis(MDR- Mtb)-infected macrophage model, and the changes of the immune response and metabolic function in the process of phagocytosis and bactericidal function, aiming to provide reference for studying the role and mechanism of macrophages in the occurrence and development of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis(MDR-TB). Methods:We established MDR- Mtb and H37Rv-infected macrophage models, and used the colony-forming unit (CFU), Magnetic Luminex ? Assay and Cholesterol Assay kit to observe the effects on phagocytosis and bactericidal function, the secretion of Th1(IL-12/23 p40, IL-27 and TNF-α) and Th2 cytokines (IL-6 and IL-10) and cholesterol metabolism. The data were analyzed by SPSS25.0 software. The data were expressed as Mean± SD and analyzed by t test or F test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:(1) After MDR- Mtb-infected macrophages, the intracellular CFU gradually increased and reached the highest at 24 h, while the extracellular CFU gradually decreased and reached the lowest at 24 h. The intracellular CFU at 48 h was lower than that at 24 h, while the extracellular CFU was higher than that at 24 h ( P<0.05). Both intracellular and extracellular CFU at 48 h were close to those at 4 h ( P>0.05). The intracellular CFU was lower than the H37Rv group at 8-48 h, while the extracellular CFU was higher than the H37Rv group ( P<0.05). (2) The level of IL-12/23 p40, IL-27, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 of MDR-TB group were higher than those of blank group ( P<0.05), but the level of TNF-α and IL-6 at 24 h and 48 h were higher than that at 4 h ( P<0.05). IL-12/23 p40 and TNF-α at 48 h and IL-6 at 24 h were lower than those of the H37Rv group, while IL-27 at 48 h was higher than that of the H37Rv group ( P<0.05). (3) The levels of cholesterol of MDR-TB group at 24 h and 48 h were lower than those of 4 h and blank group ( P<0.05), but the level of cholesterol was similar to the H37Rv group at any time ( P>0.05). (4) TNF-α reached the highest when the intracellular CFU reached the highest at 24 h, and IL-6 reached the highest when the intracellular CFU decreased at 48 h. With the decreasing of cholesterol expression, the intracellular CFU increased and then decreased. Conclusions:MDR- Mtb could induce the phagocytosis and bactericidal function of macrophages, increase the expression of Th1 and Th2 cytokines and promote the utilization and consumption of cholesterol, but this function was weaker than that of H37Rv strain.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888104

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to provide the protection strategies for wild germplasm resources of original plants of Viticis Fructus and a theoretical basis for the sustainable use of Viticis Fructus. The genetic diversity and genetic structures of the 232 indivi-duals in 19 populations of Vitex rotundifolia and V. trifolia were analyzed by eight SSR markers with tools such as Popgene32, GenAlex 6.502, and STRUCTURE. Bottleneck effect was detected for the population with more than 10 individuals. The results indicated that 42 and 26 alleles were detected from the populations of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia, respectively, with average expected heterozygo-sities of 0.448 6 and 0.583 9, which are indicative of low genetic diversity. AMOVA revealed the obvious genetic variation of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia within population(84.43%, P<0.01; 60.37%, P<0.01). Furthermore, in eight SSR loci, six from V. rotundifolia populations and two from V. trifolia populations failed to meet Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations(P<0.05), which confirmed that the populations experienced bottleneck effect. As assessed by Mantel test, geographical distance posed slight impacts on the genetic variation between the populations of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia. Principal component analysis(PCA) and STRUCTURE analysis demonstrated evident introgression of genes among various populations. The original plants of Viticis Fructus were confirmed low in genetic diversity and genetic differentiation level. Therefore, the protection of wild resources of original plants of Viticis Fructus should be strengthened to ensure its sustainable use.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Fruit/genetics , Genetic Variation , Geography , Microsatellite Repeats , Vitex/genetics
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1424-1428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887091

ABSTRACT

Melittin exhibits high antibacterial potency against drug-resistant bacteria. However, the clinical utility of melittin is limited by its serious hemolytic activity. Thus, the need for developing novel melittin analogues with high antimicrobial activity and low hemolytic activity has grown. We designed, synthesized, and evaluated 20 novel melittin analogues with varying hydrophobic, polar or positively charged amino acids. The results showed that 8 compounds had antimicrobial activity (MIC: 1-4 μg·mL-1) against gram-positive pathogens equal to or better than that of melittin, and 16 compounds had low hemolytic activity (HC50 ≥ 11.9 μg·mL-1). Compounds 13 (MIC: 2-4 μg·mL-1) and 15 (MIC: 1-2 μg·mL-1) showed equal or better antimicrobial activity against both susceptible and resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecium compared to melittin (MIC: 4 μg·mL-1). Compound 13 (HC50: 24.0 ± 4.3 μg·mL-1) displayed noticeably decreased hemolytic activity compared to melittin (HC50: 5.3 ± 0.4 μg·mL-1). This work established a base for further study on the structure-activity relationships and structure-toxicity relationships of melittin.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current living and health status of leprosy survivors in Fengxian District, Shanghai, and to provide scientific evidence for improving their quality of life. Methods:In January 2018-June 2020, professionally trained CDC staff performed a household investigation on 41 patients with leprosy (case group) and 82 non-leprosy persons (control group) every year. Living and health status, and routine laboratory examinations such as blood pressure, blood glucose, and blood lipids were monitored. Results:Majority of the patients with leprosy had low educational level (68.29% being primary school) and were mostly farmers (51.22%).The patients had abnormal residual Ⅱ level 5 (12.20%) and mostly were tb-like (TT) (53.66%). Moreover, some patients were not incapacitated (46.34%), had no family financial difficulties (29.27%), did not acquire the national subsistence allowance policy (58.54%), and asked for "regular physical examination" (68.29%).Compared to the 82 control persons, the patients with leprosy had significantly different body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (P<0.05). Conclusion:Living and health status of leprosy survivors in Fengxian District remains to be further improved. The China Disabled Persons’ Federation (CDF), Red Cross, civil affairs, and health administration need to further strengthen the cooperation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate hemodynamic characteristics of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) with the preservation or ligation of ductus arteriosus (DA) based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD), thus to help preoperative surgery design and postoperative prediction.Methods:A patient with pulmonary atresia and patent ductus arteriosus was included. Patient-specific three-dimensional model was reconstructed and virtual surgeries of shunt insertion and ductus ligation or preservation were performed via computer-aided design (CAD). CFD was utilized to analyze hemodynamic parameters preoperatively and postoperatively based on patient-specific anatomy and physiologic data.Results:The preservation of DA competitively reduced the shunt flow but increased total pulmonary perfusion. The shunt flow and ductal flow collided with each other, causing large and complicated turbulence in pulmonary artery where lower wall shear stress and higher oscillatory shear index were distributed, as well as higher energy loss.Conclusion:The preservation of DA is riskier in hemodynamics which may lead to pulmonary over-perfusion, inadequate systemic perfusion and heavier cardiac burden, thus increasing the risk of heart failure and it seems to bring no benefit in terms of reducing risks of thrombosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features of gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland type (GA-FG).Methods:A total of 12 patients, including 7 cases treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), were diagnosed as having GA-FG in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2018 to August 2019. Morphological changes were analyzed by reviewing endoscopic and pathological results. Patients were followed up after definitive diagnosis.Results:The clinical symptoms of patients with GA-FG were nonspecific. No Helicobacter pylori infection was identified. The lesions were found in the non-atrophic gastric mucosa of the upper 1/3 portion in 10 cases and middle 1/3 portion in 2 cases. Endoscopically, the most common features were whitish color (9 cases), and all lesions diameter≤1 cm. Their macroscopic types were classified as 0-Ⅰ (2 cases), 0-Ⅱa (9 cases) and 0-Ⅱc (1 case) respectively. All lesions had sharp boundary, with branching dilated blood vessels on the surface. Five in 7 cases who were treated with ESD showed submucosal invasion. Immunohistochemically, 9 cases were classified as the chief cell type , 3 as the mixed type, 11 MUC6 positive, 4 MUC5AC positive, 2 MUC2 positive, and 3 CD10 positive. P53 was detected in all 12 cases, and 9 cases had low Ki-67 staining index (<10%). The mean time of follow-up was 11 months, and 11 patients survived. Conclusion:GA-FG should be taken into consideration when the polyps are found in the upper part of the stomach, with whitish color, and branch dilated blood vessels on the surface. Excellent clinical outcomes can be achieved for GA-FG patients with ESD.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882822

ABSTRACT

In October 2020, the American Heart Association(AHA) published the 2020 guidelines for cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitatio, it is a comprehensive revision for adult, pediatric, neonatal, resuscitation education science, and systems of care topics.This article mainly interprets the most important updates of pediatric and neonatal basic and advanced life support.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the current situation of food safety risk monitoring ability of centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) in a province, and provide reference for strengthening the construction of food safety monitoring ability in the future. Methods:A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 14 CDCs who are responsible for food safety risk monitoring in the province in 2018. Results:The ratio of food inspection staff with senior, middle, and primary professional titles was 1∶1∶1. The educational background of food inspection staff at the provincial and municipal levels was mainly bachelor degree or above, while that of county level directly under the administration of the province was mainly college degree. The age composition of the staff at the provincial level tended to be elder; however, there were more staff with less working experience at the county level. The qualification proportion of laboratory area was 50%. The distribution proportion of food inspection equipment in the CDC at all levels was 83.3%, 79.5% and 36.3%, respectively. In total, 14 CDCs completed the monitoring task as required. They were all accredited with laboratory qualifications; however, one CDC did not conduct re-evaluation after the certification of food inspection qualification expired. Each CDC ensured the accuracy and reliability of monitoring data through the supervision in food testing. Conclusion:The food safety risk monitoring ability of the CDCs in the province is continuously improved, which can meet the needs of routine monitoring. However, the composition of professional titles of food inspection staff is not very reasonable. There is still a gap between the equipment configuration and the national requirements. The ability of food inspection needs to be improved, in which quality management and laboratory qualification should be further strengthened.

16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 226-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the early interventions of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on the conversion time of nucleic acid in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and find possible underlying mechanisms of action.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 300 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were treated with TCM, at a designated hospital in China. The patients were categorized into three groups: TCM1, TCM2 and TCM3, who respectively received TCM interventions within 7, 8-14, and greater than 15 days of hospitalization. Different indicators such as the conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, and lymphocyte count and percentage) were analyzed to observe the impact of early TCM interventions on these groups.@*RESULTS@#The median conversion times of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid in the three groups were 5.5, 7 and 16 d (P < 0.001), with TCM1 and TCM2 being statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01). TCM1 (P < 0.05) and TCM3 (P < 0.01) were statistically different from TCM2. The median conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in the three groups were 7, 9 and 17 d (P < 0.001). Conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in TCM1 were statistically different from TCM3 and TCM2 (P < 0.01). The median lengths of hospital stay in the three groups were 13, 16 and 21 d (P < 0.001). TCM1 and TCM2 were statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01); TCM1 and TCM3 were statistically different from TCM2 (P < 0.01). Both leucocyte and lymphocyte counts increased gradually with an increase in the length of hospital stay in TCM1 group patients, with a statistically significant difference observed at each time point in the group (P < 0.001). Statistically significant differences in lymphocyte count and percentage in TCM2 (P < 0.001), and in leucocyte count (P = 0.043) and lymphocyte count (P = 0.038) in TCM3 were observed. The comparison among the three groups showed a statistically significant difference in lymphocyte percentage on the third day of admission (P = 0.044).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, it was observed that in COVID-19 patients treated with a combination of Chinese and Western medicines, TCM intervention earlier in the hospital stay correlated with faster conversion time of pharyngeal swab and fecal nucleic acid, as well as shorter length of hospital stay, thus helping promote faster recovery of the patient. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to improving inflammation in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880508

ABSTRACT

Salidroside is a phenolic secondary metabolite present in plants of the genus Rhodiola, and studies investigating its extensive pharmacological activities and mechanisms have recently attracted increasing attention. This review summarizes the progress of recent research on the antiproliferative activities of salidroside and its effects on breast, ovarian, cervical, colorectal, lung, liver, gastric, bladder, renal, and skin cancer as well as gliomas and fibrosarcomas. Thus, it provides a reference for the further development and utilization of salidroside.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Whether knotless barbed suture applied in lumbar posterior fusion can shorten the suturing time and reduce incision complication has not been confirmed in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether knotless barbed suture has advantages in shortening the suturing time and reducing incision complication in lumbar posterior fusion. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with lumbar degenerative disease at Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from January to December 2018 were selected, and all received lumbar posterior fusion. The patients were randomly divided Into trial group (n=33, the deep lumbar fascia was sutured using knotless barbed suture) and control group (n=29, the deep lumbar fascia was sutured using absorbable suture). The incision length, and the suturing time of deep fascia and subcutaneous tissue were compared between two groups. The suture quality was analyzed by leakage test. The Incision healing and complications were observed and recorded. The Visual Analogue Scale scores and Oswestry Dysfunction Index at baseline and 2 and 6 weeks, and 3 months after surgery were detected. The trial was approved by the Ethics Committee of Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (approval No. DZMEC-KY-2018-11). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The Incision length and subcutaneous tissue suture time showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). The suture time of deep fascia in the trial group was shorter than that in the control group [(8.0±0.9) vs. (11.6±1.7) minutes, P 0.05). (4) These results Indicate that the knotless barbed suture can reduce suturing time and Incidence of incision complications in posterior lumbar fusion.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847802

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Co-Cr ceramic alloys made by selective laser melting technology are widely used in the field of dental restoration, but the influence of selective laser melting technology on the bonding properties of Co-Cr ceramic alloys is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: To explore the metal-ceramic interface characteristics of dental Co-Cr alloy fabricated by selective laser melting. METHODS: Metal-ceramic specimens were prepared by selective laser melting and precision casting, respectively. Metal-ceramic bond strengths, interface characteristics, fracture analysis, microstructures and composition distribution of specimens were obtained with the aid of universal testing machine, metallographic microscope, scanning electron microscope coupled with energy disperse spectrometer. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The metal-ceramic bond strengths of precision casting Co-Cr alloy was higher than that of selective laser melting Co-Cr alloy (P < 0.05). (2) Metallographic microscope showed that selective laser melting Co-Cr alloy had fine grains and a more uniform matrix. Precision casting Co-Cr alloy showed typical casting dendritic structure with coarse grains and a large number of island second phase structures. (3) Scanning electron microscopy showed that precision casting Co-Cr alloy had a thicker diffusion layer than the selective laser melting Co-Cr alloy at the metal-ceramic interface. (4) Scanning electron microscopy showed that the metal-ceramic specimens of precision casting Co-Cr alloy tended to cohesive fracture, and the metal-ceramic specimens of selective laser melting Co-Cr alloy tended to adhesive fracture. (5) The results showed that although the bonding strength of selective laser melting Co-Cr alloy was lower than that of precision casting Co-Cr alloy, the bonding strength of selective laser melting Co-Cr alloy could still meet the requirements of standard YY0621.1-2016.

20.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 572-576, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867588

ABSTRACT

Objective:Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has a high incidence rate, high disability rate, high mortality and high medical expenses, which seriously affect the healthy living standard of our residents.Intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy within the time window are important methods for the treatment of AIS.The time window of mechanical embolectomy was extended from the initial 6 hours to 24 hours.The expansion of the time window enabled more patients to accept mechanical thrombectomy.However, some patients with more than 24 h time window have also achieved good results after strict multimodal evaluation.Therefore, there are some limitations in using time window to evaluate the indications of mechanical thrombectomy.In recent years, the way that time window combining with tissue window to evaluate the appropriate population of mechanical thrombectomy has become more and more popular.

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