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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 263-268, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013506

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To summarize and explore the individualized surgical treatment strategy and prognosis of anomalous aortic origin of coronary artery (AAOCA). Methods The clinical data of children with AAOCA admitted to Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 2018 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Results A total of 17 children were enrolled, including 13 males and 4 females, with a median age of 88 (44, 138) months and a median weight of 25 (18, 29) kg. All patients received operations. The methods of coronary artery management included coronary artery decapitation in 9 patients, coronary artery transplantation in 5 patients and coronary artery perforation in 3 patients. One patient with severe cardiac insufficiency (left ventricular ejection fraction 15%) received mechanical circulatory assistance after the operation for 12 days. No death occurred in the early postoperative period, the average ICU stay time was 4.3±3.0 d, and the total hospital stay was 14.4±6.1 d. All the children received regular anticoagulation therapy for 3 months after discharge. The median follow-up time was 15 (13, 24) months. All patients received regular anticoagulation therapy for 3 months after discharge. No clinical symptoms such as chest pain and syncope occurred again. The cardiac function grade was significantly improved compared with that before operation. Imaging examination showed that the coronary artery blood flow on the operation side was unobstructed, and no restenosis occurred. Conclusion AAOCA is easy to induce myocardial ischemia and even sudden cardiac death. Once diagnosed, operation should be carried out as soon as possible. According to the anatomic characteristics of coronary artery, the early effect of individualized surgery is satisfactory, and the symptoms of the children are significantly improved and the cardiac function recovers well in the mid-term follow-up.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urinary virology and clinical characteristics of female overactive bladder (OAB) patients.Methods:Catheterized urine samples were collected from 55 women with OAB and 18 control individuals between January 2021 and August 2021. Inclusion criteria were: female with age>18, diagnosed as OAB, OABSS total score≥3 and item Urgency score≥2, informed consent signed. Exclusion criteria were: Urine culture positive, urinary catheter indwelling status, antibiotic usage in recent 30 days, other disease leading to OAB-like symptoms, pelvic organ prolapse and current pregnancy, immunosuppressive therapy or status. Clinical characteristic and history were collected. OAB symptoms were assessed via both OABSS (overactive bladder symptom score) and OAB-V8 (8-item overactive bladder questionnaire). The urine specimens were analyzed using mNGS for identifying viral infections. The correlation between the disease and JC virus infection was analyzed by t test, chi-square test, binary logistic regression analysis and Spearman correlation matrix, and the Nomogram map for predicting the risk of viral infection was constructed. Results:In total, 55 women with OAB and 18 healthy controls were recruited in the study. There are significant difference in terms of UTI history, pelvic surgery history and the habit of holding urine [60.0%(n=33)to 16.7%(n=3), P=0.002; 43.6%(n=24)to 0.0%(n=0), P<0.01; 36.4%( n=20)to 5.6%( n=1), P=0.015]. Based on mNGS results, OAB patients were identified with more positive viral infection [47.3%(n=26)to 33.3%(n=6)] and more JC virus infection. In the OAB group, subtype 7B of JCV ( n=8) was identified, while in the control group, subtype 7A(n=2) was identified. Pairwise Spearman correlation analysis indicated high correlations between viral infection and OABSS ( r=0.58), age and pausimenia ( r=0.68), hypertension and age ( r=0.53), respectively. Estimates from binary logistic regression model indicated risk factors for virus infection in OAB patients including age ( OR=1.99, 95% CI 0.02-2.61), holding urine habit( OR=2.16, 95% CI 0.18-3.85) and pelvic surgery ( OR=2.53, 95% CI 0.54-4.27). Conclusions:Urinary viral infections appear to be associated with more severe OAB symptoms and JC virus may be a potential therapeutic target for OAB.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 908-911, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application effect of the "group-based" teaching assistant (TA) guidance model in homogenized clinical skill training.Methods:A pilot study was conducted on the cardiopulmonary resuscitation training course, and 32 students majoring in clinical integrative Chinese and Western medicine (five-year program) who were admitted to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2018 were randomly divided into control group ( n = 16) and TA group ( n = 16). The control group received traditional teaching methods, and the TA group was further divided into subgroups A, B, C, and D, with four graduate TAs providing group-based teaching. The groups were compared in terms of their satisfaction and test scores. SPSS 25.0 was used for t-test and analysis of variance. Results:The satisfaction survey showed that compared with the control group, the TA group had significantly higher degree of satisfaction with the increased practical opportunities, clinical skill practical ability, learning effect, and overall satisfaction. The immediate test showed that there was no significant difference in test score between the TA group (85.19±2.93) points and the control group (82.75±4.52) points. The test 30 days later showed that the TA group (83.50±5.13) points had a significantly higher test score than the control group (74.68±3.87) points, and the control group had a significantly lower test score than that in the immediate test ( P <0.001); however, there was no significant difference in the TA group's score between the immediate test and the test 30 days later. Conclusion:The "group-based" TA guidance model has a good effect in homogenized clinical skill training, and has a stable long-term effect, with high student satisfaction.

4.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 183-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of immediate bedside blood culture in the adjustment of antibiotics for children with bloodstream infections in pediatric intensive care units(PICU).Methods:Retrospective analysis of children in PICU at Henan Children′s Hospital from May 2017 to March 2021 was conducted.The cases were divided into laboratory blood culture(LBC) group and satellite blood culture(SBC) group according to different blood culture methods.The difference in the time to blood culture incubation, time to blood culture positivity, microbial results time and antibiotic adjustment time were compared between two groups.Results:A total of 3 720 blood cultures were completed in 2 718 children, including 1 888 in LBC group and 1 832 in SBC group, with a positive rate of 3.5% in LBC group and 4.9% in SBC group, and a significantly higher positive rate in SBC group compared to LBC group( χ2=3.954, P=0.046). The differences in age, sex, site of infection, survival rate at 28 d after discharge, pediatric critical illness score, and pediatric risk of mortality Ⅲ score between LBC group and SBC group with positive blood cultures were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Children in SBC group had significantly shorter specimen receipt time, time to obtain microbiological results, and antibiotic adjustment time than those in LBC group[0.33(0.03, 1.78) h vs. 3.38(1.38, 7.29) h, (57.40±21.92) h vs. (68.14±21.26) h, and (52.53±27.23) h vs. (66.41±28.57) h, all P<0.05]. Conclusion:Immediate bedside blood culture shortens the time from culture to final result reporting, increases the positive rate of blood culture, and saves time on accurate antibiotic treatment for critically ill children.

5.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 33-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989516

ABSTRACT

As an effective treatment for cancer, chemotherapy not only removes tumor cells, but also produces obvious killing effects on proliferating cells, especially hematopoietic cells, resulting in bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy, and affecting the effects of chemotherapy drug treatment and treatment cycle. Therefore, starting from the aspects of hematopoietic microenvironment damage and hematopoietic stem cell aging, to explore the mechanism of myelosuppression after chemotherapy, which provides new ideas and theoretical support for the intervention and management of bone marrow suppression after cancer chemotherapy.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 219-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013846

ABSTRACT

Tumor is a kind of disease with high morbidity, high mortality and poor prognosis. Chemotherapy is the main treatment of tumor, but the problem of chemotherapy resistance is becoming increasingly prominent, so finding ways to overcome chemotherapy resistance and improve the therapeutic effect has become an urgent problem to be solved. At present, with the development of research, the anti-tumor effect of some traditional Chinese medicine has attracted extensive attention. Berberine, traditionally used in the treatment of digestive system diseases, has been proved to have the effect of anti-tumor and reversing tumor multi-drug resistance. This review summarizes the recent researches on the reversion multi-drug resistance in tumor by berberine, in order to explore the means to improve the therapeutic effect and prognosis of tumor drug resistance.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1114-1119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012374

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of occupational lung diseases, to reduce the missed diagnoses and misdiagnoses of the diseases and to help standardize the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Methods: A total of 4 813 lung biopsy specimens (including 1 935 consultation cases) collected at the Department of Pathology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing, China from January 1st, 2017 to December 31th, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 126 cases of occupational lung diseases were confirmed with clinical-radiological-pathological diagnosis. Special staining, PCR and scanning electron microscopy were also used to rule out the major differential diagnoses. Results: The 126 patients with occupational lung diseases included 102 males and 24 females. All of them had a history of exposure to occupational risk factor(s). Morphologically, 68.3% (86/126) of the cases mainly showed pulmonary fibrotic nodules, dust plaque formation or carbon end deposition in pulmonary parenchyma. 16.7% (21/126) of the cases mainly showed welding smoke particle deposition in the alveolar cavity and lung interstitium while 15.1% (19/126) of the cases showed granulomas with fibrous tissue hyperplasia, alveolar protein deposition or giant cell interstitial pneumonia. The qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses of residual dust components in the lung under scanning electron microscope were helpful for the diagnosis of welder's pneumoconiosis and hard metal lung disease. Conclusions: The morphological characteristics of lung biopsy tissue are important reference basis for the clinicopathological diagnosis and differential diagnosis of occupational lung diseases. Recognizing the characteristic morphology and proper use of auxiliary examination are the key to an accurate diagnosis of occupational lung diseases on biopsy specimens.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pneumoconiosis/pathology , Lung/pathology , Dust , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Biopsy
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 995-1000, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012352

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical, imaging, histological, and molecular features and the differential diagnosis of radiation-associated sarcomas of bone and soft tissue. Methods: Forty-six cases of radiation-associated sarcomas of the bone and soft tissue in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from January 2010 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed; and the imaging, histological features and immunophenotype were examined. Results: There were 33 females and 13 males, aged from 18 to 74 years, with a mean of 52 years. The most common site of radiation-associated sarcomas were the limbs and spine (15 cases), followed by the chest (9 cases). The primary diseases included epithelial tumors (15 breast cancer, 6 cervical cancer, and 5 bowel cancer), hematolymphoid tumors, bone and soft tissue tumors and infectious lesions. The latent period of radiation-associated sarcomas ranged from 2-22 years, with an average of 11.6 years. Histopathologically, the morphology was divergent from the primary tumor. The most common malignant tumor type was undifferentiated sarcoma (22 cases), followed by osteosarcoma (16 cases). The immunophenotype of radiation-related sarcoma was almost the same as the corresponding soft tissue sarcoma. Conclusions: Radiation-induced sarcoma has a wide range of primary tumor types and its imaging, morphology and immunohistochemical features are similar to those of the primary sarcoma of bone and soft tissue. Clinical correlation is often recommended for the differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma/pathology , Osteosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Bone Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 454-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. Methods: The clinicopathological data of gastric carcinoma cases with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification diagnosed from January 2011 to September 2020 at the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, China, were collected. The clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and molecular pathological features were analyzed. The relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were 4 cases of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. All 4 patients were male, aged 57-67 years (average, 63 years). Tumor sizes ranged from 3.5 to 5.2 cm (average, 4.8 cm). All tumors were in the antrum. All 4 patients underwent radical gastrectomy and were followed up after the surgery. Morphologically, all tumors showed histological features with enteroblastic-differentiated gastric carcinoma. Tumor cells showed predominantly tubular/papillary architecture, with conspicuous vesicular nuclei and pale staining or transparent cytoplasm. Immunohistochemistry showed pan-TRK expression in all cases, with various degrees of positivity in the cytoplasm. All cases were subject to NTRK1/2/3 detection using fluorescence in situ hybridization. There were NTRK translocations in 2 cases and NTRK amplifications in 2 cases. These cases were further verified by RNAseq next generation sequencing which confirmed that NTRK1 gene translocation (TPM3-NTRK1) and NTRK2 gene translocation (NTRK2-SMCHD1) occurred in two cases, respectively. Conclusions: NTRK mutation occurs less frequently in gastric cancer. In this study, the cases mainly occur in the antrum. The morphology has the characteristics of enteroblastic differentiation. The tumors have unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular characteristics, which require much attention from pathologists to effectively guide clinicians to choose the best treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Receptor, trkA/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Carcinoma , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 686-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years. Methods: A total of 5 048 male participants aged 18 to 79 years were recruited from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018. Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, food intake frequency and health status. Venous blood and urine samples were collected to detect the level of serum total testosterone, urinary arsenic and urinary creatinine. Participants were divided into three groups (low, middle, and high) based on the tertiles of creatinine-adjusted urinary arsenic concentration. Weighted multiple linear regression was fitted to analyze the association of urinary arsenic with serum total testosterone. Results: The weighted average age of 5 048 Chinese men was (46.72±0.40) years. Geometric mean concentration (95%CI) of urinary arsenic, creatinine-adjusted urinary arsenic and serum testosterone was 22.46 (20.08, 25.12) μg/L, 19.36 (16.92, 22.15) μg/g·Cr and 18.13 (17.42, 18.85) nmol/L, respectively. After controlling for covariates, compared with the low-level urinary arsenic group, the testosterone level of the participants in the middle-level group and the high-level group decreased gradually. The percentile ratio (95%CI) was -5.17% (-13.14%, 3.54%) and -10.33% (-15.68%, -4.63). The subgroup analysis showed that the association between the urinary arsenic level and testosterone level was more obvious in the group with BMI<24 kg/m2 group (Pinteraction=0.023). Conclusion: There is a negative association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arsenic/urine , Creatinine , East Asian People , Testosterone/blood , Urinalysis
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 373-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: According to 2022 World Health Organization (WHO 2022) classification, 113 CMML patients and 840 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients from March 2016 to October 2021 were reclassified, and the clinical and molecular features of CMML patients were analyzed. Results: Among 113 CMML patients, 23 (20.4%) were re-diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 18 AML with NPM1 mutation, 3 AML with KMT2A rearrangement, and 2 AML with MECOM rearrangement. The remaining 90 patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. In addition, 19 of 840 (2.3%) MDS patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. At least one gene mutation was detected in 99% of CMML patients, and the median number of mutations was 4. The genes with mutation frequency ≥ 10% were: ASXL1 (48%), NRAS (34%), RUNX1 (33%), TET2 (28%), U2AF1 (23%), SRSF2 (21.1%), SETBP1 (20%), KRAS (17%), CBL (15.6%) and DNMT3A (11%). Paired analysis showed that SRSF2 was frequently co-mutated with ASXL1 (OR=4.129, 95% CI 1.481-11.510, Q=0.007) and TET2 (OR=5.276, 95% CI 1.979-14.065, Q=0.001). SRSF2 and TET2 frequently occurred in elderly (≥60 years) patients with myeloproliferative CMML (MP-CMML). U2AF1 mutations were often mutually exclusive with TET2 (OR=0.174, 95% CI 0.038-0.791, Q=0.024), and were common in younger (<60 years) patients with myelodysplastic CMML (MD-CMML). Compared with patients with absolute monocyte count (AMoC) ≥1×10(9)/L and <1×10(9)/L, the former had a higher median age of onset (60 years old vs 47 years old, P<0.001), white blood cell count (15.9×10(9)/L vs 4.4×10(9)/L, P<0.001), proportion of monocytes (21.5% vs 15%, P=0.001), and hemoglobin level (86 g/L vs 74 g/L, P=0.014). TET2 mutations (P=0.021) and SRSF2 mutations (P=0.011) were more common in patients with AMoC≥1×10(9)/L, whereas U2AF1 mutations (P<0.001) were more common in patients with AMoC<1×10(9)/L. There was no significant difference in the frequency of other gene mutations between the two groups. Conclusion: According to WHO 2022 classification, nearly 20% of CMML patients had AMoC<1×10(9)/L at the time of diagnosis, and MD-CMML and MP-CMML had different molecular features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Prognosis , Splicing Factor U2AF/genetics , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 266-272, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973499

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare and investigate the efficacy and differences of modified B-T shunt, central shunt and right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) connection in the treatment of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA/VSD). Methods    A total of 124 children with PA/VSD underwent initial palliative repair in Shanghai Children's Medical Center from September 2014 to August 2019, including 63 males and 61 females, aged 7 days to 15 years. They were divided into in a modified B-T shunt group (55 patients), a central shunt group (22 patients) and a RV-PA connection group (47 patients). The clinical data of these children were retrospectively analyzed. Results    There were 9 early deaths after palliation, with an early mortality rate of 7.3%. The mean follow-up time was 26.5±20.3 months, with 5 patients lost to follow-up, 5 deaths during the follow-up period, and 105 survivors. The 1-year and 5-year survival rates were both 89.7%. The monthly increased Nakata index was 5.2 (–0.2, 12.3) mm2/m2, 9.2 (0.1, 23.6) mm2/m2, 6.3 (1.8, 23.3) mm2/m2 in the modified B-T shunt group, the central shunt group, and the RV-PA connection group, respectively, with no statistical difference among the three groups. The 1-year survival rate was 85.3%, 78.4%, 95.2%, and the 5-year (4-year in the central shunt group) survival rate was 85.3%, 58.8%, 95.2% in the three groups, respectively, with a statistical difference among them (P<0.05). The complete repair rate was 36.5%, 19.0% and 67.4% in the three groups, respectively, with a statistical difference among the three groups (P<0.001). Conclusion    All these three palliative surgical approaches can effectively promote pulmonary vascular development. But compared with systemic-pulmonary shunt, RV-PA connection has a lower perioperative mortality rate and can achieve a higher complete repair rate at a later stage, which is beneficial for long-term prognosis.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 127-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Guizhi Fuling Capsule (GZFLC) on myeloma cells and explore the mechanisms.@*METHODS@#MM1S and RPMI 8226 cells were co-cultured with different concentrations of serum and the cell experiments were divided into negative (10%, 20% and 40%) groups, GZFLC (10%, 20%, and 40%) groups and a control group. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays and flow cytometry were used to detect the viability and apoptosis levels of myeloma cells. The effects on mitochondria were examined by reactive oxygen specie (ROS) and tetrechloro-tetraethylbenzimidazol carbocyanine iodide (JC-1) assays. Western blot was used to detect the expression of B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X (Bax), cleaved caspase-3, -9, cytochrome C (Cytc) and apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1). RPMI 8226 cells (2 × 107) were subcutaneously inoculated into 48 nude mice to study the in vivo antitumor effects of GZFLC. The mice were randomly divided into four groups using a completely randomized design, the high-, medium-, or low-dose GZFLC (840, 420, or 210 mg/kg per day, respectively) or an equal volume of distilled water, administered daily for 15 days. The tumor volume changes in and survival times of the mice in the GZFLC-administered groups and a control group were observed. Cytc and Apaf-1 expression levels were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#GZFLC drug serum decreased the viability and increased the apoptosis of myeloam cells (P<0.05). In addition, this drug increased the ROS levels and decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.01). Western blot showed that the Bcl-2/Bax ratios were decreased in the GZFLC drug serum-treated groups, whereas the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3, -9, Cytc and Apaf-1 were increased (all P<0.01). Over time, the myeloma tumor volumes of the mice in the GZFLC-administered groups decreased, and survival time of the mice in the GZFLC-administered groups were longer than that of the mice in the control group. Immunohistochemical analysis of tumor tissues from the mice in the GZFLC-administered groups revealed that the Cytc and Apaf-1 expression levels were increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GZFLC promoted apoptosis of myeloma cells through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway and significantly reduced the tumor volumes in mice with myeloma, which prolonged the survival times of the mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Caspase 3/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Wolfiporia , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Apoptosis , Mitochondria/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 147-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970149

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of pediatric myofibroma/myofibromatosis of the soft tissue and bone. Methods: All cases of pediatric myofibroma/myofibromatosis of the soft tissue and bone diagnosed between January 2011 and December 2018 were retrieved from the surgical pathology records in the Department of Pathology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China. Clinical and radiological data were collected. H&E and immunohistochemistry were used to examine histological and immunophenotypic features and to make the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. The relevant literature was also reviewed. Results: Twenty-eight cases of pediatric myofibroma/myofibromatosis of the soft tissue and bone were respectively collected. The patients' ages ranged from 2 months to 14 years, with a mean age of 7 years. There were 7 females and 21 males. There were 12 cases located in soft tissue, including the finger (n=9), upper arm (n=1) and foot (n=2). There were 14 cases located in the bone of limb, including the femur (n=8), tibia (n=4), clavicle (n=2), fibula (n=2) and radius (n=1). There were 2 cases of myofibromatosis involving multiple bones. Radiology showed lytic lesions in the bone. The proliferation of spindle-shaped myofibroblasts arranged in fascicles with indistinct eosinophilic cytoplasm and bland nuclei, with no pleomorphism and cytological atypia. The characteristic histologic structure was the biphasic nodular growth pattern with cellular and paucicellular regions. The tumors might arrange in a hemangiopericytoma-like pattern. The stroma varied between dense fibrosis and myxoid changes. The reactive new bone formation and inflammatory cell infiltration also existed. Immunohistochemical study showed that the SMA was positive. The surgical resections were performed. One of the patients had tumor recurrence as a result of 11-month follow-up. Conclusions: The pediatric myofibroma/myofibromatosis of the soft tissue and bone is a very rare benign tumor and has a good prognosis. It has a characteristic morphology and its differential diagnosis from other spindle cell tumors could be made with the immunohistochemical analysis.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Bone and Bones/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Leiomyoma , Myofibroma/diagnosis , Myofibromatosis/diagnosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years. Methods: A total of 5 048 male participants aged 18 to 79 years were recruited from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018. Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, food intake frequency and health status. Venous blood and urine samples were collected to detect the level of serum total testosterone, urine arsenic and urine creatinine. Participants were divided into three groups (low, middle, and high) based on the tertiles of creatinine-adjusted urine arsenic concentration. Weighted multiple linear regression was fitted to analyze the association of urinary arsenic with serum total testosterone. Results: The weighted average age of 5 048 Chinese men was (46.72±0.40) years. Geometric mean concentration (95%CI) of urinary arsenic, creatinine-adjusted urine arsenic and serum testosterone was 22.46 (20.08, 25.12) μg/L, 19.36 (16.92, 22.15) μg/L and 18.13 (17.42, 18.85) nmol/L, respectively. After controlling for covariates, compared with the low-level urinary arsenic group, the testosterone level of the participants in the middle-level group and the high-level group decreased gradually. The percentile ratio (95%CI) was -5.17% (-13.14%, 3.54%) and -10.33% (-15.68%, -4.63). The subgroup analysis showed that the association between the urinary arsenic level and testosterone level was more obvious in the group with BMI<24 kg/m2 group (Pinteraction<0.05). Conclusion: There is a negative association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18-79 years.

17.
Rev. invest. clín ; 74(4): 181-192, Jul.-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Cervical cancer (CC), as a serious menace to the health of women, has long been one of the most lethal gynecologic neoplasms throughout the world. Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) NR2F1-AS1 has been documented to exert crucial functions in many malignant tumors. Nonetheless, the function and molecular mechanism of NR2F1-AS1 in CC remain completely unknown. Objective: This study aimed to explore the function and molecular mechanism of NR2F1-AS1 in CC. Methods: The expression levels of NR2F1-AS1, miR-642a-3p, NR2F1 in CC tissues, and cell lines were examined by reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide, colony formation and Transwell assays. The protein levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers and NR2F1 in CC cells were assessed by Western blot analysis. The correlations among NR2F1-AS1, miR-642a-3p, and NR2F1 were estimated through luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. Results: NR2F1-AS1 expression was clearly downregulated in CC tissues and cell lines. Molecular mechanistic experiments showed that NR2F1-AS1 overexpression upregulated NR2F1 expression in CC cells by directly binding to miR-642a-3p, and inhibiting by this way cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion in CC. Rescue assays showed that NR2F1 knockdown or miR-642a-3p overexpression offset NR2F1-AS1 upregulation-induced inhibition on CC cell malignant phenotypes. Conclusion: These findings revealed that NR2F1-AS1 played a tumor suppressor role in CC by mediating the miR-642a-3p/NR2F1 axis.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 178-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913162

ABSTRACT

Blocking immune checkpoint programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) or programmed death receptor-ligand 1 (PD-L1) can enhance anti-tumor activity of effector T cells. However, the lack of response in many patients to PD-1/PD-L1 therapy remains a question. Improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) to enhance the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors has become a promising cancer treatment strategy. We constructed a liposome system (PD-L1/siCXCL12-Lp) of CXCL12 siRNA and anti-PD-L1 peptide with matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) responsiveness, which combined the TME regulation of siCXCL12 and the immune regulation of anti-PD-L1 peptide. All animal experiments were approved by the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Peking University. The authors found that PD-L1/siCXCL12-Lp directly down-regulated the expression of CXCL12 in vitro (33.8%) and in vivo (15.5%). It also effectively increased the ratio of CD8+/Treg by 20.0%, which helped the anti-PD-L1 peptide to better exert its immune effect. The combination therapy significantly inhibited tumor growth (52.08%) with great safety, which explored a new idea for cancer immunotherapy.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1188-1191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954445

ABSTRACT

The use of mechanical ventilation is more common in the diagnosis and treatment of clinical critically ill patients. However, in the process of mechanical ventilation, it may be difficult to withdraw from the machine due to various factors other than the primary disease. Among them, intra-abdominal hypertension, accumulation of analgesic and sedative drugs, and weakness of diaphragmatic function are common causes of difficulty in weaning. Acupuncture has obvious efficacy in regulating gastrointestinal function, exerting analgesic and sedative effect and improving muscle weakness. Acupuncture intervention can optimize the scheme of mechanical ventilation weaning, and improve the success rate by correcting different concurrent factors.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 611-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927943

ABSTRACT

A total of 33 pesticides have been banned from Chinese medicinal materials and decoction pieces(plants) according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). According to the chemical structures, they are mainly divided into seven categories: organophosphorus compounds, organochlorines, carbamates, amidines, sulfonylureas, phenylpyrazoles, and ethers. These banned pesticides exhibit neurotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, immune system toxicity, teratogenicity, carcinogenesis, and mutagenesis, seriously damaging human and animal health. They affect not only the quality and safety of traditional Chinese medicines and resulting products, but also their competitiveness in the international market. Due to the numerous varieties of traditional Chinese medicines and their complex substrates, it is necessary to establish a universal and highly sensitive method for pesticide residue detection. This review systematically summarized the residual status, toxicity, and analytical methods of banned pesticides in traditional Chinese medicines, and forecasted the prospects of different analytical techniques, so as to provide reference for further safety and risk assessment of banned pesticide residues in traditional Chinese medicines, thus ensuring the safe production of traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Organophosphorus Compounds , Pesticide Residues/toxicity , Pesticides/analysis
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