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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Accurate breast lesion surface localization can guarantee accurate biopsy and local treatment. But there is no guideline to regular equipment and methods for the localization of breast lesions. The conventional non-invasive localization method is marker-based localization. The advantages of this method are simple and efficient. The disadvantages are that markers disappear easily under coupling agents; the positioning length of markers cannot last long on skin; and healthcare associated infection due to many patients using the same marker pen is potentially unavoidable. Breast lesion sticker (called sticker for short) is a new-type localization medical instrument in 2020. Our study aims to explore the clinical value of a new lesion stickers in breast lesion surface localization via comparison of the sticker and marker pen localization methods.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective cohort study. It was conducted in 67 patients who needed breast lesion surface localization before biopsy. The patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups. One group of patients used marker pen to mark breast lesion surface location by ultrasonography. The other group of patients used stickers. Patients labeled with markers on skin were swabbed agents before marking. Then the markers were checked by ultrasound scan. If the surface positions of breast lesion were not correct, the above procedure was repeated. In the sticker group, the stickers were released synchronously after the lesions were detected by ultrasound scan. Then locations were checked via scanning hole. If the surface positions of breast lesion were not correct, the above procedure was repeated. The accuracy of positioning, the length of positioning time and satisfaction of patients between the 2 groups were compared. The length of positioning time was calculated from the time when ultrasound detected the lesion to the time when the surface position of breast lesion was confirmed. The total score of patients' satisfaction was 5 points according to Service Quality Evaluation of SERVQUAL Scale, including sonographers' service attitude and their technical proficiency, other medical staffs' service attitude and their technical proficiency, hospital service procedures, positioning comfort, and positioning effects.@*RESULTS@#All 67 patients were females, aged 18-66 (39.73±13.10). There were 35 patients in the marker pen group and 32 patients in the sticker group. The time length of group used marker pen to localization was 22-88 (52.20±2.90) s, and the sticker group was 3-15 (9.22±0.58) s in length. The length of positioning time for the stickers was significantly shorter than that of the marker (P<0.01). Both methods were accurate in the surface localization of lesions before operation. The total scores of patients' satisfaction was 4-5 (4.92±0.02) in the stickers group, and 1-5 (3.35±0.10) in the marker pen group. The patients' satisfaction scores with the sticker were significantly higher than those with the marker pen (P<0.01). The length of positioning time and patients' satisfication scores for sonographer with 20 years' working experience were shorter and higher than those of sonographer with 10 years' working experience, respectively (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The new breast lesion positioning stickers have more advantages than the marker pen in localization efficiency. It could reduce the workload of medical workers and increase patients' satisfaction to some extent. The stickers can be used not only in the breast lesions surface localization, but also in the skin location of pleural effusion and ascites, the skin location of surface masses, the skin location of thyroid nodule, and many other clinical marker areas, to further expand the scope of clinical application and value of the stickers.


Subject(s)
Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Skin
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879144

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to explore the mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix by means of network pharmaco-logy. Based on the theoretical hypothesis of the nature and taste of traditional Chinese medicine, the chemical components of the separated components of Phytolaccae Radix were selected by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP) and Traditional Chinese Medicines IntegratedDatabase(TCMID) databases in combination with related literatures. Relevant target analysis was carried out based on PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases. Targets corresponding to disease were excavated based on GeneCards for each split component, corresponding potential targets were obtained through mapping the target set of target compounds to disease targets. GO biological process analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the mapped targets with the help of DAVID database. Based on Cytoscape software and the corresponding efficacy, the network diagram of "medicinal material-split components-compound-target-pathway" was constructed to explore the mechanism of different efficacy of the separated components of Cytoscape. And the target purgation and diuretic mapping was used as the target of the traditional efficacy of smoothening secretion for the first time. The study explored esculentoside component, fatty oil component and phenolic acid component, a total of 30 target compounds and 301 corresponding targets, involving 44 potential targets for "anti-inflammatory", 50 potential targets for "immunoregulation", 52 potential targets for "smoothening secretion", 28 potential targets for "antibacterial activity", 28 potential targets for "antiviral effect", and 29 potential targets for "antitumor effect". Topological analysis revealed 14 key gene targets such as MAPK8, MAPK14, EGFR and PTGS2. A total of 684 GO entries and 235 KEGG pathways were obtained through bioinformatics enrichment analysis, mainly involving TNF signaling pathway, NF-kappaB signaling pathway and MAPK signaling pathway. This study revealed the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel action mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix, which provided certain basis for the next step to clarify the split components of Phytolaccae Radix through the method of system biology, and injected new content and significance into the study of properties and flavors theory.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction , Software
3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-281, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The clinical symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) can be effectively improved by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, based on the usage of specific therapies for different TCM syndromes. However, in the stage of diagnosis, the standard criteria for the classification of TCM syndrome were still deficient. Through serum metabolic profiling, this study aimed to explore potential biomarkers in IBS-D patients with different TCM syndromes, which can assist in diagnosis of the disease.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from healthy controls (30 cases), IBS-D patients with Liver-Stagnation and Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (LSSD, 30 cases), Yang Deficiency of Spleen and Kidney syndrome (YDSK, 11 cases) and Damp Abundance due to Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (DASD, 22 cases). Serum metabolic profiling was conducted by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential biomarkers were screened by orthogonal partial least square-discriminate analysis, while metabolic pathways undergoing alterations were identified by pathway enrichment analysis in MetaboAnalyst 4.0.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 34 potential biomarkers were identified in LSSD group, 36 in YDSK group and 31 in DASD group. And the 13 metabolites shared by three groups were determined as the potential biomarkers of IBS-D. Glycerophospholipid metabolism was disturbed significantly in IBS-D patients, which may play a role in IBS-D through inflammation. What's more, three TCM syndromes have the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The serum metabolomics revealed that different TCM syndrome types in IBS-D may have different metabolic patterns during disease progression and glycerophospholipid metabolism was one of the pathways, whose metabolism was disturbed differently among three TCM syndromes in IBS-D. Therefore, the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism of three TCM syndromes in IBS-D can serve as the objective indicators, which can facilitate the TCM-syndrome objective classification of IBS-D.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876158

ABSTRACT

Objective:Death causes and life reduction of malignant tumors in the residents of Zhuanqiao Town in Minhang District from 2013 to 2017 were analyzed to provide scientific evidence for the strategies on comprehensive prevention and control of cancer. Methods:The data of death causes of malignant tumors in the residents of Zhuanqiao Town were collected and analyzed. The mortality rate, annual percent change (APC), composition ratio, potential years of life lost (PYLL), potential years of life lost rate (PYLLR) and average years of life lost (AYLL) of the registered population were analyzed. Results:The standardized mortality rate of malignant tumors in the residents of Zhuanqiao Town from 2013 to 2017 was 128.05/105, and the rate was higher in males than that in females. The top four cancers regarding PYLL were lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer and colorectal cancer, which were roughly the same order as the top four regarding the mortality. This indicates that these four cancers had a greater impact on residents. Lung cancer had a greater impact on female life expectancy. PYLL and SPYLL ranked the first in liver cancer in males and thus had a greater impact on the males. Breast cancer was one of the most important malignant tumors in causing early death of women. Conclusion:Malignant tumor has become an important public health problem endangering the health of residents. The focus of future work in the town remains to improve public awareness of carcinogenic risk factors, actively carry out health education, lifestyle intervention and early screening in order to reduce cancer risk, alleviate cancer burden and improve the life expectancy of residents.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Shuyuwan in amyloid precursor protein/ presenilin 1 (APP/PS1) dementia mice on cognitive and memory impairment and to explore its mechanism. Method:The 40 APP/PS1 mice were divided into model group (given Physiological saline), low and high-dose modified Shuyuwan (14,64 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>)group, and donepezil group (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and 10 wild mice were set as the blank control group (given Physiological saline). All of the mice were administered intragastrically for 35 days. The memory and space exploration ability of mice was detected by Morris water maze, the morphology of mouse hippocampal neurons were observed by Nissl staining. The deposition of <italic>β </italic>amyloid 1-42(A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub>) in mouse hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1(Iba1), a marker of hippocampal microglia (MG) and Nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), a marker of actived MG, were detected by immunofluorescence. The protein expression of NLR family pyrin domain containing 3(Nlrp3), Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a Caspase-recruitment domain (ASC), cysteine protease-1(Caspase-1)and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1<italic>β</italic>) were detected by Western blot, and the expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>)and interleukin-18 (IL-18) mRNA were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the blank control group, the memory and space exploration ability of the model group were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the number of hippocampal neurons decreased, the deposition of A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub> increased, the markers of actived MG Iba1,iNOS increased, the protein expression of Nlrp3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic> increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the mRNA expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-18, and TNF-<italic>α</italic> increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with model group, the Chinese medicine group can improve the APP/PS1 mice's space exploration ability and memory ability (<italic>P</italic><0.05), increase the number of hippocampal neurons, reduce A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub> deposition, reduce the activation of MG, and reduce the protein expression of Nlrp3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and reduced the expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic> mRNA (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Shuyuwan can reduce the expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and other inflammatory factors in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice by inhibiting the Nlrp3/ASC/Caspase-1 pathway, and relieve nerve inflammation and pathological injury of AD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Jianpi Xiaoai prescription on long non-coding RNA Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA (lncRNA HOTAIR)/Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) /signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway and to explore the potential mechanism of Jianpi Xiaoai prescription in suppressing the metastasis of colon cancer. Method:The expression of lncRNA HOTAIR in different cells was analyzed. Following the treatment of HCT116 cells with 10%,15%,and 20% Jianpi Xiaoai prescription -containing serum, the invasive ability of Jianpi Xiaoai prescription on HCT116 cells was assessed by transwell assay. The mRNA expression levels of lncRNA HOTAIR,JAK2,and STAT3 were measured by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of JAK2, phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) and STAT3 by Western blot. Result:The highest expression of lncRNA HOTAIR was detected in HCT116 cells. Compared with the blank group, each Jianpi Xiaoai prescription group exhibited a decreased number of invasive cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The relative JAK2 mRNA expression in the middle-dose Jianpi Xiaoai prescription group was down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the relative lncRNA HOTAIR mRNA expression in the middle- and high-dose Jianpi Xiaoai prescription groups and the relative JAK2 mRNA expression in the high-dose Jianpi Xiaoai prescription group were remarkably down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank group,the relative p-STAT3 protein expression was down-regulated in the middle-dose Jianpi Xiaoai prescription group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the relative JAK2 protein expression in the middle- and high-dose Jianpi Xiaoai prescription groups and the relative p-STAT3 protein expression in the high-dose Jianpi Xiaoai prescription group were remarkably down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Jianpi Xiaoai prescription effectively inhibits the metastasis of colon cancer cells, which may be related to the inhibition of lncRNA HOTAIR/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the categories of physical activities and rehabilitation exercise for aging people based on the theory and method of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). Methods:From the framework and coding of ICF, physical activities, rehabilitation exercise and functional improvement for the aging people were reviewed. Results:There were three typical physical activities: physical fitness, skills and sports, mainly including regular exercises, cognitive amusements, leisure sports activities, recreational sports activities, rehabilitation exercises, etc. Physical activities promoted the functioning of the aging people, including mental function (b1), pain and sensory dysfunction (b2), cardiovascular, blood, the function of the immune system and respiratory system (b4), digestion, metabolism and function of the endocrine system (b5), nerve musculoskeletal function related to movement (b7), the function of skin and related structures (b8), activity (d4), and community, social and civic life (d9), etc., especially body mass index, cardiovascular, physical fitness (muscular strength and endurance, aerobic endurance), balance, flexibility, upper and lower extremities strength, sleep, metabolic capability, cognitive function and anti-aging ability. There were more gains at individual levels, including promotion of subjective happiness, quality of life, reducing depression, risk of sarcopenia, dementia and falling, etc. The environmental and personal factors related to activity and participation in physical activities included the products and technologies (e1), natural environment and man-made changes to the environment (e3), support and interpersonal relationships (e3), attitude, service system and policy (e5), such as urban environment, building environment, street pavement behavior, weather, caregivers, accompany of family and friends, etc. Conclusion:The physical activities and rehabilitation exercise the aged joined include physical fitness activities, skills activities, and sports activities. The physical activities had effects on the rehabilitation of the aged including the function of the body(mental function, pain and sensory dysfunction, cardiovascular, blood, the function of the immune system and respiratory system, digestion, metabolism, and function of the endocrine system, nerve musculoskeletal function related to movement, the function of skin and related structures) and the participation in activities (activities, community, society and civic life). The function of the body works for the health of the aged to promote physical health, mental health, functional health, social adjustment and social well-being.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the prevalence of people with disability, and the demand, service policies and service system for assistive technology (AT) services in Australia. Methods:Referring to policy recommendation and indicators in World Health Organizaion's Rehabilitation in Health Systems, Australia's assistive technology service policy framework, services development and trend of development were analyzed by the means of content analysis and development research. Results:There are about 4.4 million people with disability in Australia, of which 1.4 million (32%) with severe or profound disabilities. Federal, state and territorial governments have respectively issued legislation, policy and related service project, including the National Disability Strategy, National Disability Agreement, the National Disability Insurance Scheme, National Standards for Disability Services and others assistance programs to support disability services. There are about two million Australians with disabilities received AT services support from the mentioned programme and scheme. Australia provides more than ten thousands kinds of AT appliances per year, covering all kinds of products in WHO's Priority Assistive Products List. Conclusion:Australia has developed a federal National Disability Strategy, AT service policies and standards, and established federal and state AT insurance and financial support programs for people with disabilities based on the unmet needs of AT services, and federal and state networks for AT services have been established, and service coordination mechanisms at federal and state levels have been established through the National Disability Agreement, covering all types of people with demand of AT in Australia. It meets the requirements of the policy recommendations and assessment indicators in the WHO's Rehabilitation in Health Systems policy guidelines involving AT services. The future development areas in AT will focus on the fields of policy development, ICF implementation, service delivery system, upgrading of service quality and standard, and new technology application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the theory and methods of integrating sports into modern health service systems. Methods:Based on the theory of World Health Organization modern health service systems and the policy guideline Rehabilitation in Health Service Systems, we analyzed how to promote the integration of sports into modern health service systems in six areas: leadership and governance capacity, financing, health human resources, service delivery, medical technology and health information systems, systematically analyzed the key elements and requirements for integrating physical education and sports into the health service system in the four segments of the health service continuum: prevention, intervention, rehabilitation and health promotion. Results:The goal of building a human-centered, cross-sectoral and multidisciplinary health service system was proposed, requiring the promotion of the integration of medicine and sports, the use of sports intervention as a method of health intervention, the development of service technologies and standards for the integration of sports and health; the training of professionals who master sports intervention and sports rehabilitation, and the development of information systems to promote the development of the integration of sports and health services. Conclusion:Sports is an important mean of health and an important part of modern health services. Starting from the components of the health service system, we can build a theoretical and methodological system for integrating sports into the modern health service system, so as to promote the realization of a health service system covering the whole population and the whole life cycle, achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; and realize the goals related to "Healthy China".

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review and develop the categories in the fields of recreational physical activities and rehabilitation exercise for adults based on the concept and method of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method:The literatures about recreational or leisure time physical activities and mental health for adults were retrieved with subject retrieval method, from the database of PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang Data, until June 30, 2021. The effects of leisure physical activities on mental health, quality of life and well-being of adults were extracted. Results:A total of 1856 literatures were returned, and 24 out of them were enrolled, which were published mainly from the journals of medicine, public health, exercise and rehabilitation. The researches mainly used questionnaire survey, interview and measurement methods. The types of physical activities involved were leisure time physical activities, leisure time recreational activities, non-leisure time physical activities and non-leisure time recreational activities. According to the framework of ICF, the effects of leisure time physical activities and recreational physical activities on mental health of adults were mainly reflected in body functions, including bl mental function, b152 emotion function, b140 attention function, b144 memory function, b163 basic cognition function, b126 temperament and personality function, b134 sleep function, b130 energy and drive function, b122 overall psychology and society function, b180 self-experience and time experience function, b139 other general mental functions specified and not specified; and activities and participation, including d6 family life, d7 interpersonal communication and interpersonal relationship, d8 main area of life, and d9 community, social and civic life; in terms of burnout, depression, anxiety, perceived stress, risk of depression, attention fatigue, life vigor, self-esteem, positive and negative emotions, mental disorders, insomnia, subjective well-being, life satisfaction and quality of life, etc. Leisure time physical activities and recreational physical activities might improve health-related quality of life and well-being. Some environmental and personal factors might affect the participation and performance in leisure time and recreational physical activities for the adult, including e3 support and interpersonal relationships, e4 attitude, e5 service system and policy, in terms of workload, positive emotion, social support, emotional support, etc. Conclusion:Adults can benefit from leisure time physical activities and recreational physical activities for promoting mental health, quality of life and well-being. These activities are beneficial to emotion, cognition, sleep, happiness, satisfaction and quality of life, etc. It is critical for rehabilitation to integrate leisure time and recreational physical activities into health care, recreation and relaxation, physical and mental health. And it is effective to expand mental health care to improve quality of life and well-being and achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3: Good Healthy and Well-being.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the policy framework and core content of assistive technology (AT) services, compare the current status of AT in countries with different levels of development, and discuss the future development of international policies and services of AT. Methods:Based on the policy and theoretical framework of AT of the United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO), the policy framework and main contents of international AT services were analyzed; the policies, assistive products and service development of AT services in countries with different levels of development worldwide were compared; and the policy and innovative technology development hotspots of international AT were explored. Results:AT service is an important component of rehabilitation services, and the development of AT services is a key step toward achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goal 3, "Ensure healthy lifestyles and promote the well-being of people of all ages". UN and WHO advocated AT services policy. The framework is based on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on articles related to AT, and WHO documents of AT and rehabilitation, such as World Report on Disability, the Global Plan of Action on Disability, Rehabilitation in the Health System, and Rehabilitation in the Health System: A Guide to Action, as well as WHA 71.8 on Assistive Technology, Improving Access to Assistive Technology. The core elements of the international AT policy aim to build integrated, people-centered health services, emphasize the integration of AT into the health system and rehabilitation services, establish and develop AT services in six building blocks of WHO health system, thereby improving access to quality AT to achieve universal health coverage. Further in the fields of technology and service innovation, it proposed to establish a 5P model. High-income countries and low- and middle-income countries are facing many difficulties and large differences in AT service policies, assistive product provision, and service coverage. In the future, adoption of the 5P model proposed by WHO for policy and service delivery and technological changes, and the innovation of assistive product development and AT service models will be the hot spots of AT development. Conclusion:The policy on AT at international level is centered on the concept of UN CRPD and is based on prospect of policy documents issued by the UN and WHO on AT services, with the core objective of developing AT services to provide timely, appropriate, and affordable to persons with disabilities, aging, and people needed to improve their health, quality of life and well-being. It proposes to integrate AT into universal health coverage and to deliver AT service through primary health care in order to achieve the UN SDG 3 goal with full coverage of AT. It proposes to integrate AT into rehabilitation services, i.e. leadership and governance, financing, AT professionals, AT delivery, medicine and technology, and health information system monitoring AT services. There are differneces in AT products and AT delivery due to the globel differneces in economic and social development levels and challenges in access to AT services. It is necessary to develop relevant policies, planning and innovations in assistive products and AT services. AT development in the future will focus on the 5P model of AT to implement reforms in the field of product and service delivery as well as technological innovation in order to improve the coverage, availability, accessibility and affordability, integrate AT into the health system within the framework of universal health coverage, achieve full coverage of universal AT services, and enhance the quality of AT and improve consumers' well-being.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905168

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To systematically analyze the framework and contents of World Health Organization (WHO) policy and action strategies on rehabilitation using the theory of WHO health service components, to explore the theoretical bases, methodology, framework and core elements of WHO's international rehabilitation policy. Methods:WHO has launched rehabilitation-related policy documents, mainly including Rehabilitation in Health Systems, Rehabilitation in Health Systems: Guide for Action, Rehabilitation Indicator Menu: a tool accompanying the Framework for Rehabilitation Monitoring and Evaluation (FRAME), Template for Rehabilitation Information Collection (TRIC): a tool accompanying the Systematic Assessment of Rehabilitation Situation (STARS), and established systems of international rehabilitation policy architecture system. Using content analysis, this study analyzed in detail the theoretical basis and methodology of international rehabilitation policy, the policy framework, and the core elements of the action strategy and priority areas of rehabilitation service development in perspective of WHO six building blocks of health system, namely leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medical technology, and health information systems. Results:WHO rehabilitation policy is developed based on WHO's theories of person-centered health services, social determinants of health, and functioning, disability and health of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. WHO rehabilitation policy recognized that the development of rehabilitation was an important pathway achieving United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals 3, ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, i.e. Unlversal Health Coverage. This paper systematically analyzed WHO's international policy framework, action strategies, and development areas, content and priorities in six major areas: leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medicine and technology, and health information systems. WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to develop national rehabilitation plans, to establish and improve rehabilitation leaderships and the development of mechanism and capacity of rehabilitation governance, to develop multiple approaches of rehabilitation financing, to integrate rehabilitation into health service system, provides different levels of rehabilitation services in the health service continuum, and to build networks of service delivery, to train professionals, to foster rehabilitation information system within health system, to enhance service quality and service coverage, to focus on key areas and priority programs to meet the diverse needs of different populations, and achieve universal health coverage; to include assistive technology into the rehabilitation service system as a field of medicine and technology; and to collect information on functioning and rehabilitation needs, outcomes and impacts of rehabilitation services in the health information system, and conduct evidence-based researches on rehabilitation systems. Conclusion:The framework and contents of WHO's international rehabilitation policies have systematically reviewed at the macro, meso, and micro levels with the perspective of WHO six building blocks of the health system. The goal of rehabilitation development is to achieve universal rehabilitation coverage. The conceptual theories of rehabilitation are based on the theories of people-centered health services and social determinants of health. Rehabilitation is an important initiative to achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The international rehabilitation health policy system is built on six major areas of rehabilitation: leadership and governance, rehabilitation financing, rehabilitation human resources, rehabilitation service delivery, rehabilitation-related medicine and technology, and rehabilitation and health information system. The policy and action strategies for rehabilitation development, as well as specific implementation paths and methods, at macro, meso and micro levels: theory and policy, policy action, and implementation methods and tools have been reviewed and discussed. The implementation of the WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to take the following actions: strengthening the leadership, governance, planning and coordination capacity of rehabilitation services; constructing a reasonable rehabilitation financing mechanism and raising necessary funds for rehabilitation; improving the training and guarantee mechanism of rehabilitation human resources; enhancing the professional capacity of rehabilitation personnel, improving the capacity of rehabilitation service delivery and improving service quality; improving the quality and accessibility of assistive products and assistive technology services; establishing health information system covering functioning, disability and rehabilitation, and conducting scientific researches on rehabilitation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the framework of physical activity and rehabilitation for the elderly, and systematically review the health and rehabilitation effects of physical activity for the elderly, based on the relevant important documents of World Health Organization (WHO). Methods:The literatures about physical activities and health, quality of life for the older adults were retrieved with subject retrieval method, from the database of CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed and Web of Science, EBSCO, Google Scholar until June 30, 2021. This paper reviewed the rehabilitation effects of physical activities on health, quality of life and well-being of older adults through extracting the literature content. Results:There were five typical physical activities: aerobic activity, muscle and bone development activities, improving balance activities and comprehensive activities. The effect of the elderly participating in physical activities on health and rehabilitation was mainly reflected in the improvement of physical and mental health, social adaptation and activity behavior and nutrition. Health and rehabilitation impacts were mainly reflected in increased healthy life expectancy, improved quality of life and well-being. In terms of improving physical health, it can promote physical fitness, chronic diseases and physical function for the aging people. In terms of improving mental health, cognitive function, mood, personality traits and sleep can be promoted. The elderly participating in physical activities was mainly influenced by both personal and environmental factors. Conclusion:Participation in all physical activity by older adults provides health benefits, promoting healthy ageing, improving physical and mental health, facilitating social adjustment and activity behaviors and nutrition and then increasing healthy lifespan, quality of life and well-being. Physical activity is a health-related service, so scientific and reasonable physical activity of the elderly should be enhanced. It is necessary to combine physical activity with rehabilitation services to promote the health, function, well-being and quality of life of the elderly.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897427

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The occurrence pattern of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer treatment remains unclear. @*Materials and Methods@#Phase II-III clinical trials that evaluated ICI-based treatments in cancer and were published between January 2007 and December 2019 were retrieved from public electronic databases. The pooled median time to onset (PMT-O), resolution (PMT-R), and immune-modulation resolution (PMT-IMR) of irAEs were generated using the metamedian package of R software. @*Results@#Twenty-two eligible studies involving 23 clinical trials and 8,436 patients were included. The PMT-O of all-grade irAEs ranged from 2.2 to 14.8 weeks, with the longest in renal events. The PMT-O of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly longer than that of all-grade irAEs induced by programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors (27.5 weeks vs. 8.4 weeks, p < 0.001) and treatment of nivolumab (NIV) plus ipilimumab (IPI) (7.9 weeks vs. 6.0 weeks, p < 0.001). The PMT-R of all-grade irAEs ranged from 0.1 to 54.3 weeks, with the shortest and longest in hypersensitivity/infusion reaction and endocrine events, respectively. The PMT-IMR of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly shorter than that of all-grade irAEs caused by PD-1/PD-L1 blockade (6.9 weeks vs. 40.6 weeks, p=0.002) and NIV+IPI treatment (3.1 weeks vs. 5.9 weeks, p=0.031). @*Conclusion@#This study revealed the general and specific occurrence pattern of ICI-induced irAEs in pan-cancers, which was deemed to aid the comprehensive understanding, timely detection, and effective management of ICI-induced irAEs.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889723

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The occurrence pattern of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer treatment remains unclear. @*Materials and Methods@#Phase II-III clinical trials that evaluated ICI-based treatments in cancer and were published between January 2007 and December 2019 were retrieved from public electronic databases. The pooled median time to onset (PMT-O), resolution (PMT-R), and immune-modulation resolution (PMT-IMR) of irAEs were generated using the metamedian package of R software. @*Results@#Twenty-two eligible studies involving 23 clinical trials and 8,436 patients were included. The PMT-O of all-grade irAEs ranged from 2.2 to 14.8 weeks, with the longest in renal events. The PMT-O of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly longer than that of all-grade irAEs induced by programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors (27.5 weeks vs. 8.4 weeks, p < 0.001) and treatment of nivolumab (NIV) plus ipilimumab (IPI) (7.9 weeks vs. 6.0 weeks, p < 0.001). The PMT-R of all-grade irAEs ranged from 0.1 to 54.3 weeks, with the shortest and longest in hypersensitivity/infusion reaction and endocrine events, respectively. The PMT-IMR of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly shorter than that of all-grade irAEs caused by PD-1/PD-L1 blockade (6.9 weeks vs. 40.6 weeks, p=0.002) and NIV+IPI treatment (3.1 weeks vs. 5.9 weeks, p=0.031). @*Conclusion@#This study revealed the general and specific occurrence pattern of ICI-induced irAEs in pan-cancers, which was deemed to aid the comprehensive understanding, timely detection, and effective management of ICI-induced irAEs.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 385-387, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885027

ABSTRACT

In this study, sonography video urodynamic studies (SVUDS), which combined synchronically urodynamic studies with trans-perineal and trans-abdominal sonography, were used to detect female bladder outlet obstruction (FBOO). The dynamic changes of urethra and surrounding pelvic floor structure during storage and voiding phase were observed by SVUDS and the causes of FBOO were analyzed. And the findings were as follows: 13 patients showed organ prolapse, there was an urethral angulation deformity during urination; 5 cases had abnormal urination as the urethral opening was not good in the middle of urination period; 4 cases had urethral stricture, as the proximal end of the obstruction dilated during urination, and the obstruction site showed no relaxation; 1 case had primary bladder neck obstruction with an incomplete opening of the bladder neck during urination; 3 cases had idiopathic bladder outlet obstruction and the sphincter of bladder neck and urethra opened well during urination.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of histogram analysis of ultrasound gray scale in differential diagnosis of triple negative breast invasive ductal carcinoma (TN-IDC) and non-triple-negative breast invasive ductal carcinoma (NTN-IDC).Methods:Totally 195 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma confirmed by pathology in Hubei Cancer Hospital from September 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.According to immunohistochemical results after surgery, 195 patients were divided into TN-IDC group ( n=44) and NTN-IDC group ( n=151). All cases were retrospectively analyzed to observe the ultrasonoscopy histogram features of tumors and obtain the histogram parameters, including mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis and percentile gray-scale values. The histogram parameters of TN-IDC were compared with those of NTN-IDC. The ROC curves were constructed to observe the efficiency of differential diagnosis. Results:The values of variance, 90th and 99th percentiles in TN-IDC group were much lower than those in NTN-IDC group (all P<0.05). The values of mean, skewness, kurtosis and other percentile (1st, 10th, and 50th) values between the two groups were not significantly different(all P>0.05). The optimal cutoff value for the accurate identification of TN-IDC and NTN-IDC groups was 552.85 for variance[sensitivity 75.0%, specificity 79.5%, positive predictive value(PPV) 51.6%, negative predictive value(NPV) 91.6%, accuracy 78.5%, and area under curve 0.829, respectively]. The optimal cutoff value for the accurate identification of TN-IDC and NTN-IDC groups was 74 for 90th percentile (sensitivity 68.2%, specificity 57.6%, PPV 31.9%, NPV 86.1%, accuracy 60.0%, and area under curve 0.648, respectively). The optimal cutoff value for the accurate identification of the two groups was 107 for 99th percentile (sensitivity 75.0%, specificity 77.5%, PPV 49.3%, NPV 91.4%, accuracy 76.9%, and area under curve 0.772, respectively). Conclusions:Histogram analysis of ultrasound gray scale can provide certain value for the differential diagnosis of TN-IDC and NTN-IDC, the variance and 99th percentile values could perform better.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923809

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the theory, policy framework, and core content of physical activity policies and physical activity guidelines. Methods Using a policy research and content analysis approach and the theory of the six components of World Health Organization (WHO) health service system, we specifically analyze the theory, framework, and core content of WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity and WHO Physical Activity Guidelines. Results The Global Plan of Action for Physical Activity 2018-2030 (Action Plan) is an international policy document on physical activity issued by WHO that incorporates physical activity within the context of the seven principles of human rights, the life span, evidence-based practice, proportional universality, policy coherence and integration of health into all policies, participation and empowerment, and multisectoral partnerships into health services and social development. The Action Plan consists of four strategic objectives and 20 policy actions, covering six areas of WHO health service system, and the integration of physical activity policies into health services is of great importance in promoting the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3 of universal health coverage. As a technical document for the implementation of the Action Plan, 2020 WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (Guidelines) adopted the PI/ECO approach to analyze the physical activity needs of various groups of people, and provide guidelines to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, people with chronic diseases and people with disabilities. The guidelines cover duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity, types of physical activity, critical and important health outcomes of physical activity, and health risk prevention and related considerations. The Guidelines implement the relevant guiding principles of the Action Plan and aim to improve overall population participation in physical activity at the micro level and improve critical and important health outcomes for the overall population. Conclusion As a health and development strategy, the Action Plan promotes the integration of physical activity into the health delivery system to facilitate the achievement of the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3 of universal health coverage.The four strategic objectives and 20 policy actions of the Action Plan can be integrated into these six areas based on the six components of WHO Health Service Delivery System: leadership and governance, financing, human resources, service delivery, medical technology, and health information. As a technical document to implement the Action Plan, the Guidelines are based on the PI/ECO approach framework and provide guidance on increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, chronic patients, and persons with disabilities. The core content addresses the target populations, duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity, types of physical activity, critical and important health outcomes of physical activity, and health risk prevention and related considerations.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923807

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the overall functioning of children with learning disabilities, and develop individualized exercise rehabilitation protocol using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods Based on the theoretical framework of ICF and the disease diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), and with the perspective of child development, the functional profiles of cognition, understanding, attention, thinking, motor, and activity and participation of children with learning disabilities were analyzed. A function-oriented and individulized exercise rehabilitation protocol for children with learning disabilities was constructed in light of ICF bio-psycho-social health paradignm and the theory of somatic and mental interaction. Results The functional performance of children with learning disabilities mainly demonstrated in mental dysfunction in physical functioning in the activities and participation limitations, such as learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, and communication. For the environment factors, products and technology for education, products and technology for culture, recreation and sports, and services, systems and policies could also affect children with learning disabilities. Physical activity was beneficial for children with learning disabilities to improve mental and motor functioning and to effectively enhance intellectual, cognitive, attentional, communication, and mobility skills for the overall development of the children. Physical activity for children with learning disabilities was selected according to WHO guidelines for physical activity and sedentary behavior for children, and moderate to vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes, as well as high-intensity training no less than three times a week, together with appropriate physical games and leisure physical activities could effectively improve learning outcomes and reduce learning disabilities. Conclusion The health condition, functioning and motor development of children with learning disability had been analyzed using ICD-11 and ICF, and with the theories of somatic and metal interaction and ICF bio-psycho-social model, the holistic and function-oriented exercise rehabilitation program was developed that recommended at least 60 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity, including aerobic exercise and physical games, per day, and at least three times a week of high intensity physical activity of no less than 30 minutes, including plyometrics and physical competition. The development of individualized function-based exercise rehabilitation programs incorporating the learning disability and motor function characteristics of children could effectively improve the cognitive, attentional, and thinking functions of children with learning disabilities, reduce learning disabilities, and promote the overall development of children.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923806

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the theories, content and approaches of integrating physical activity in children's eye health service system in the context of health services. Methods From the perspectives of six building blocks of WHO health system, namely, leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medical technology, and health information system, we analyzed the policy framework and key contents related to school-based eye health and physical activity, and explored how to promote the implementation of physical activity into the school-based eye health service system, and the integration of physical activity into the eye health continuum: prevention, intervention, rehabilitation, and health promotion. Results In perspective of health system, the integration of physical activity into school-based eye health services should be in accordance with the five principles of cross-cutting health services, namely, universal accessibility and equity, human rights, evidence-based, life-span, and empowerment. According to the World Vision Report, WHO advocates to build a person-centered eye health service system, and person-centeredness is the core concept of the new model of school-based eye health services and physical activity integration. WHO advocates a school-based approach to education and physical activity in health-promoting schools to promote student health, physical activity as a preventive, interventional, rehabilitation and health promotive measure related to children's eye health, and vigorously train professionals within schools who have knowledge and skills related to physical activity and eye health, build an information system on physical activity and children's eye health, and promote the integration of physical activity into the school-based eye health service system. Conclusion Physical activity is an important measure to promote children's eye health and an important component to achieve a person-centered eye health service system. Based on the six building blocks of the WHO health service system, a school-based eye health service that integrates a theoretical and methodological system of physical activity is constructed, requiring the provision of health promotion methods such as education and physical activity in the school setting, to enhance leadership and governance of eye health services based on educational and physical activity approaches in the school setting, establish new funding mechanisms, provide financial security, develop human resources related to physical activity for eye health, improve related service delivery systems, develop high-quality physical activity intervention eye health techniques and equipment, and integrate information on children's physical activity and eye health into school health information systems to achieve children's eye health and promote their physical and mental development.

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