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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2120-2125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936566

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents from the the deep-sea fungus Alternaria sp. F49. Seven compounds were isolated from the EtOAc extract by using silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and HPLC methods. Based on the spectroscopic analysis, their structures were identified as (8R)-5-O-methyl-orcinotriol (1), orcinotriol (2), α-acetylorcinol (3), 3'-hydroxyalternariol 5-O-methyl ether (4), altenusiol (5), altenusin (6), and 5'-methoxy-6-methyl-biphenyl-3,4,3'-triol (7). (8R)-5-O-Methyl-orcinotriol (1) is a new phenolic compound which has never been reported in the literature. Compounds 4-7 showed strong DPPH free radical scavenging activity; whereas compounds 1-7 showed strong ABTS free radical scavenging activity.

2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 353-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939570

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the distribution of Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor A (MrgA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting nucleus of normal rats and its expression in neuropathic pain, and to provide morphological evidence for CSF-contacting nucleus to participate in neuropathic pain. The model of neuropathic pain with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve was made in Sprague-Dawley rats. The thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were measured. The expressions of MrgA in the CSF-contacting nucleus were examined by double labeling with immunofluorescent staining. The results showed that on the 5th, 7th, 10th and 14th days, the values of MWT and TWL in CCI group were all lower than those in sham group (P < 0.05). MrgA was found to be distributed in CSF-contacting nucleus of normal rats; and the expression was markedly up-regulated in rats at the peak of neuropathic pain. Our data suggest that CSF-contacting nucleus may participate in neuropathic pain through the MrgA-mediated signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Neuralgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Staphylococcal Protein A/metabolism , Up-Regulation
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 160-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935196

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a predictive model for pathologic complete response (pCR) of ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph nodes (ISLN) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer and guide the local treatment. Methods: Two hundred and eleven consecutive breast cancer patients with first diagnosis of ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis who underwent ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node dissection and treated in the Breast Department of Henan Cancer Hospital from September 2012 to May 2019 were included. One hundred and forty two cases were divided into the training set while other 69 cases into the validation set. The factors affecting ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node pCR (ispCR)of breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, and a nomogram prediction model of ispCR was established. Internal and external validation evaluation of the nomogram prediction model were conducted by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and plotting calibration curves. Results: Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that Ki-67 index, number of axillary lymph node metastases, breast pCR, axillary pCR, and ISLN size after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were associated with ispCR of breast cancerafter neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the number of axillary lymph node metastases (OR=5.035, 95%CI: 1.722-14.721, P=0.003), breast pCR (OR=4.662, 95%CI: 1.456-14.922, P=0.010) and ISLN size after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (OR=4.231, 95%CI: 1.194-14.985, P=0.025) were independent predictors of ispCR of breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A nomogram prediction model of ispCR of breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was constructed using five factors: number of axillary lymph node metastases, Ki-67 index, breast pCR, axillary pCR and size of ISLN after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The areas under the ROC curve for the nomogram prediction model in the training and validation sets were 0.855 and 0.838, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.755). The 3-year disease-free survival rates of patients in the ispCR and non-ispCR groups after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were 64.3% and 54.8%, respectively, with statistically significant differences (P=0.024), the 3-year overall survival rates were 83.8% and 70.2%, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P=0.087). Conclusions: Disease free survival is significantly improved in breast cancer patients with ispCR after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The constructed nomogram prediction model of ispCR of breast cancer patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is well fitted. Application of this prediction model can assist the development of local management strategies for the ipsilateral supraclavicular region after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and predict the long-term prognosis of breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Axilla/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetry and efficacy of intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) and intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy (IC+ ISBT) based on CT image guidance in the treatment of stage Ⅲ B cervical cancer. Methods:Clinical data of 93 patients with stage Ⅲ B cervical cancer treated in Department of Radiotherapy of Jilin Cancer Hospital from June 2014 to February 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the results of Gynecological examination and pelvic MRI before brachytherapy, confirming the size of residual tumor and the degree of parauterine infiltration, all patients were divided into the ICBT and IC+ ISBT groups. The D 90%, D 100%, V 100% and D 2cm 3 of bladder and rectum were compared, and the short-term and long-term efficacy was observed between two groups. Results:The median follow-up time was 60 months. The 5-year local control rate, distant metastasis-free survival rate and overall survival rate of all patients were 83%, 71% and 68%, respectively. Compared with the ICBT group, HR-CTV D 90% in the IC+ ISBT group was all more than 85 Gy, while there was no significant difference between two groups ( P=0.188). The D 2cm 3 of bladder and rectum in the IC+ ISBT group was significantly decreased by 7 Gy and 8 Gy (both P<0.01), and the distant metastasis-free survival rate was significantly improved ( P=0.009). The 5-year local control rate in the HR-CTV volume>60 cm 3 in the IC+ ISBT group was significantly higher than that in the IC group ( P=0.029). Conclusion:For patients with Ⅲ B cervical cancer, IC+ ISBT can not only ensure target coverage, but also significantly reduce the incidence of distant metastasis and the dose of organs at risk, and significantly improve the local control rate of large tumors.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920364

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and hospital admission for ischemic stroke among older adults. Methods Using clinical monitoring data from China National Health Commission, we identified 124 297 individuals from Guangzhou, Guangdong province, China who were 60 years or older and were admitted to hospital for ischemic stroke in 2016-2019. We used a time-stratified case-crossover design and employed the conditional logistic regression model to investigate the exposure-response association between short-term exposure to air pollution and hospital admission for ischemic stroke. Based on each subject's residential address and pollutant data from its neighboring air quality monitoring stations, we used an inverse distance weighting method to assess individual-level exposure to PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3 on each of the case and control days. Results In single-pollutant models, each 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3 was associated with a 0.46% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.13-1.36%, lag 2 d), 0.66% (1.38-2.93%, lag 02 d), 3.39% (0.07-0.21%, lag 2 d), 1.47% (0.07-0.21%, lag 02 d), 0.06% (0.07-0.21%, lag 02 d) and 0.18% (0.07-0.21%, lag 3 d) increase in odds of hospital admission, respectively. The results of 2-pollutant models showed that the association of exposure to SO2, NO2 and O3 with hospital admission for ischemic stroke remained stable with adjustment for each of the other air pollutants. Conclusions Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution, especially SO2, NO2 and O3, was associated with increased risk of hospital admission for ischemic stroke in older adults.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the genetic and prognostic characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) patients.@*METHODS@#There were 230 non-M3 AML patients treated in Ningbo First Hospital enrolled, among which 58 patients were newly diagnosed AML-MRC, the patients were followed up and SPSS 25.0 was used to statistically analyze.@*RESULTS@#There were 49 patients performed genetic testing, 29 patients (59.2%) showed chromosomal abnormalities, including 7q- 8 cases (16.3%), 5q- 6 cases (12.2%), 5 cases (10.2%) of 17p abnormalities, 13 cases (26.5%) of highly abnormal complex karyotypes (CK) (≥5 unrelated chromosomal abnormalities), CK contained chromosomal abnormalities such as +8, 5q-, and 12 cases (24.5%) of monosomal karyotypes (MK). Genetic testing was performed in 37 patients, and 24 (64.9%) patients showed genetic mutations, among which ASXL1 mutation was the most common (8 cases, 21.6%), followed by TET2 mutation in 6 cases (16.2%). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that AML-MRC patients with high CK (P=0.012), 5q- abnormalities (P=0.038), and TP53 mutations (P=0.008) had poor overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#AML-MRC has unique genetic characteristics, and high CK, 5q- and TP53 mutations are poor prognostic factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Qiaohetang and Xiehuangsan in the treatment of acne due to dampness-heat accumulation and its influence on the levels of inflammatory factors and sex hormones. Method:One hundred and sixty-eight eligible patients were divided into an observation group (84 cases) and a control group (84 cases) according to the random number table. Adapalene gel was applied externally in both groups, one time per day. In the control group, Jinhua Xiaocuo pills was taken orally, 4 g per time, three times a day. In the observation group, the modified Qiaohetang and Xiehuangsan was provided for oral administration, one bag per day. The treatment lasted for eight weeks. The Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) score, skin lesion count, dampness-heat accumulation syndrome score, and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score were recorded before and after treatment, followed by the detection of interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-10, IL-17, interferon-<italic>γ</italic> (IFN-<italic>γ</italic>), free testosterone (FT), estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) before and after treatment as well as the safety evaluation. Result:The GAGS, dampness-heat accumulation syndrome, and DLQI scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The counts of inflammatory skin lesions (papule and pustule), non-inflammatory skin lesions, and total skin lesions in the observation group declined in contrast to those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The IL-8, IL-17, IFN-<italic>γ</italic> and FT levels of the observation group were decreased as compared with those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while the IL-10, E<sub>2</sub>, and SHBG levels were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The overall response rate in clinical symptom alleviation of the observation group was 93.67%(74/79), which was higher than 81.82%(63/77) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.121, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The overall response rate in dampness-heat accumulation syndrome relief of the observation group was 92.41% (73/79), still higher than 79.22% (61/77) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.595, <italic>P</italic><0.05). No adverse reactions occurred after the oral administration of Chinese medicinal preparations. Conclusion:The modified Qiaohetang and Xiehuangsan combined with adapalene gel can reduce the skin lesion count and severity, relieve both clinical symptoms and dampness-heat accumulation syndrome, regulate the inflammatory response and sex hormones, and improve the quality of life of patients with acne of dampness-heat accumulation syndrome without inducing side effects.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2692-2699, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Breast cancer patients with ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (ISLNM) but without distant metastasis are considered to have a poor prognosis. This study aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the overall survival (OS) of breast cancer patients with ISLNM but without distant metastasis.@*METHODS@#Medical records of breast cancer patients who received surgical treatment at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Jiyuan People's Hospital and Huaxian People's Hospital between December 21, 2012 and June 30, 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Overall, 345 patients with pathologically confirmed ISLNM and without evidence of distant metastasis were identified. They were further randomized 2:1 and divided into training (n = 231) and validation (n = 114) cohorts. A nomogram to predict the probability of OS was constructed based on clinicopathologic variables identified by the univariable and multivariable analyses. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability were measured by calibration plots, concordance index (C-index), and risk group stratification.@*RESULTS@#Univariable analysis showed that estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), progesterone receptor-positive (PR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) with Herceptin treatment, and a low axillary lymph node ratio (ALNR) were prognostic factors for better OS. PR+, HER2+ with Herceptin treatment, and a low ALNR remained independent prognostic factors for better OS on multivariable analysis. These variables were incorporated into a nomogram to predict the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS of breast cancer patients with ISLNM. The C-indexes of the nomogram were 0.737 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.660-0.813) and 0.759 (95% CI: 0.636-0.881) for the training and the validation cohorts, respectively. The calibration plots presented excellent agreement between the nomogram prediction and actual observation for 3 and 5 years, but not 1 year, OS in both the cohorts. The nomogram was also able to stratify patients into different risk groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we established and validated a novel nomogram for predicting survival of patients with ISLNM. This nomogram may, to some extent, allow clinicians to more accurately estimate prognosis and to make personalized therapeutic decisions for individual patients with ISLNM.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887861

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)parameters in evaluating the formation of Kimmelstiel-Wilson(K-W)nodules in diabetic nephropathy(DN).Methods Sixty-two patients pathologically diagnosed with DN and undergoing CEUS in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from March 2017 to January 2020 were assigned into two groups according to whether K-W nodules were formed.The cortical CEUS parameters and the ratios of cortical to medullary CEUS parameters were compared between the two groups.Results The 62 patients included 19 patients without K-W nodules(group A)and 43 patients with K-W nodules(group B).The median rise time(


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Ultrasonography
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 996-1005, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886974

ABSTRACT

Natural products are valuable resources for discovering new drugs. So far, screening bioactive compounds from organism extracts is still an important and challenging task. Traditional biometric guided method involves repeated fractionation steps and bioactivity tests, which are time-consuming, labor-consuming, and inefficient. Ligand fishing is a bioanalysis method for screening ligands from complex organism extracts based on intermolecular affinity interactions. It has the characteristics of strong specificity, high efficiency, and less requirement for sample pretreatment. In this review, we summarize the classification of ligand fishing strategy and its application in enzyme inhibitors screening. Finally, the development prospects of this technology are forecasted.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826383

ABSTRACT

To explore the value of conventional ultrasound combined with shear-wave elastography in the quantitative evaluation of sciatic nerve crush injury in rabbit models. Forty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (=10 in each group):three crush injury (CI) groups (2,4,and 8 weeks after crush) and control group (without injury). The thickness and stiffness of the crushed sciatic nerves and denervated triceps surae muscles were measured at different time points and compared with histopathologic parameters. Inter-reader variability was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients. Compared with the control group,the inner diameters of the sciatic nerves significantly increased in the 2-week CI group [(1.65±0.34) mm (0.97±0.15) mm,=0.00] but recovered to the nearly normal level in the 8-week CI group [(1.12±0.18) mm (0.97±0.15) mm,=0.06];however,compared with control group [(8.75±1.02)kPa],the elastic modulus of the nerves increased significantly in all the CI groups [2-week:(14.77±2.53) kPa;4-week:(19.12±3.46) kPa;and 8-week:(28.39±5.26) kPa;all =0.00];pathologically,massive hyperplasia of collagen fibers were found in the nerve tissues. The thickness of denervated triceps surae muscle decreased gradually,and the elastic modulus decreased 2 weeks after injury but increased gradually in the following 6 weeks;pathologically,massive hyperplasia of collagen fibers and adipocytes infiltration were visible,along with decreased muscle wet-weight ratio and muscle fiber cross-sectional area. The inter-reader agreements were good. Conventional ultrasound combined with shear-wave elastography is feasible for the quantitative evaluation of the morphological and mechanical properties of crushed nerves and denervated muscles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Crush Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , Elastic Modulus , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Pathology , Rabbits , Random Allocation , Sciatic Nerve , Wounds and Injuries , Ultrasonography
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2022-2027, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features of pregnant women with thalassemia in non endemic area, and to prevent the births of babies with intermedia or major thalassemia.@*METHODS@#Two hundred and thirty-five pregnants women with thalassemia diagnosed from March 2015 to April 2016 in our hospital were enrolled and retrospectively analysed. The blood routine and hemoglobin electrophoresis were performed respectively by XN-9000 automatic blood cell analyzer and HYDRASYS hemoglobin electrophoresis apparatus. The three commonest deletion of α-thalassemia, the three non-deletion α-thalassemia and 21 known β-thalassemia mutation were all detected by fluorescence melting curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among 235 pregnant women of thalassemia, the majority were β-thalassemia, which were followed by α-thalassemia and composite thalassemia. Most pregnant women showed a mild anemia, and suffered from microcytic anemia, but less suffered from iron deficiency anemia. The ratio of second-child pregnant women was increased, and the ratio was close to one third both in α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia patients, and 75% patients were composite thalassemia. HbF was found to be more in native pregnant women with β-thalassemia. Hemoglobin isomer was easy to found in the pregnant with α-thalassemia, and they were all non native. The genotype of --@*CONCLUSION@#More pregnant women with thalassemia are founded to be in non endemic area, and shows their own unique clinical features. It is certainly to detect thalassemia mutation in their spouse and their babies, to prevent the births of babies with intermedia or major thalassemia.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Genotype , Humans , Infant , Mutation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Retrospective Studies , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796643

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the curative effect and prognostic factors of radical radiotherapy for cervical cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 211 patients with stage ⅠA-ⅢB cervical cancer who underwent therapy in department of radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin province between June 2014 and February 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received radical radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Short-term and long-term efficacy and related prognostic factors were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis.@*Results@#The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 83.4% and 72.5%, respectively. During the follow-up periods, 46 patients (21.8%) died, including two from non-tumor-related diseases, and one from second primary colon cancer. Totally 57 patients (27%) had recurrence and metastasis, including 16 (28.1%) with local recurrence, 27 (47.4%) with distant metastasis, and 14 with local recurrence and distant metastasis(24.6%). Univariate analysis showed that 2-year OS and DFS were significantly correlated with pathological type, pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) value and FIGO stage (OS: χ2=7.123, 6.014, 8.398, P<0.05; DFS: χ2=11.832, 8.003, 7.731, P<0.05). In addition to the above factors, 2-year DFS was also associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis (χ2=9.286, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and FIGO stage were independent prognostic factors of OS(HR=2.963, 2.473, 2.574, P<0.05). The independent prognosis factors affecting DFS included pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and pelvic lymph node metastasis (HR =3.014, 1.988, 1.914, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#By means of radical radiotherapy, cervical cancer patients with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC levels ≥30 ng/ml and advanced stage have poor prognosis, so more active treatment strategy should be adopted.

14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 297-310, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764261

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Numerous previous studies have reported inconsistent results about the differences between synchronous contralateral breast cancer (sCBC) and metachronous contralateral breast cancer (mCBC). This study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes between sCBC and mCBC and determine predictive factors for the survival of sCBC and mCBC patients. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database, we identified sCBC or mCBC patients from 2000 to 2010. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis were used to analyze overall survival and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) rates of sCBCs and mCBCs, respectively. RESULTS: Overall, 14,057 sCBC (n = 8,139, 57.9%) and mCBC (n = 5,918, 42.1%) patients were included. The first tumors of sCBC were more likely to have higher stage and more lymph and distant metastases, whereas those of mCBC were more often infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC), had localized stage, were estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) negative, and had less axillary nodal involvement. The second tumors of mCBC tended to be IDC and have higher grade, adverse stage, ER and PR-negativity; and more axillary nodal involvement, compared to the second tumors of sCBC. mCBC patients had significantly favorable 5-year BCSS but worse long-term BCSS compared with sCBC patients. Moreover, subgroup analysis revealed no significant difference of BCSS between sCBC and mCBC among patients aged 18–60 years. Multivariate analysis indicated that age, grade, and stage of 2 tumors; surgery for second tumor; and ER status of the second tumor were independent prognostic factors for BCSS of contralateral breast cancer (CBC). CONCLUSION: The characteristics and outcomes of sCBCs and mCBCs were substantially different. sCBC and mCBC patients may have different prognosis, and the prognosis of CBC depends on the first and second tumors.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Estrogens , Humans , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Risk Factors , SEER Program
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the frequency, karyotype characteristics and prognosis significance of monosomal karyotype (MK) in newly diagnosed MDS patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical, laboratorial and follow-up data of 202 MDS patients received the chromosome karyotype test in Department of Hematology, Ningbo Hospital of Zhejiang University from 2009 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, the monosomal karyotype features, clinical characteristics and their effects on the prognosis of MDS patients also were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 202 cases of MDS, 25 (12.38%) confirmed to be the MK. The abnormality of chromosome 5 (60.00%), 7 (56.00%), 17 (56.00%), 15 (56.00%), 13 (40.00%) and 20(40.00%)were common in monosomal karyotype. MK-MDS (MDS with monosomal karyotype) patients had higher bone marrow blast percentage than MK-MDS (MDS without monosomal karyotype) patients, the median are 6.25% and 3.00% (P<0.01) respectively, but there were no difference in age, sex, hemoglobin level, white blood cell count, neutrophile granulocyte percentage, platelet count, blood blast percentage, serum ferritin, folic acid and vitaminB12 between MK-MDS and MK-MDS. The overall survival time of MK-MDS and MK-MDS patiens with chromosome 3, 5, 7, 13, 15, 17 abnormalities was significantly shorter than MK-MDS and AK+MK-MDS patients (MDS with abnormal karyotype but without monosomal karyotype) , the MK-MDS patients had a median survival time of 7.33 months, but the median survival time had not been reached in MK-MDS and AK+MK-MDS patients had not been reached by the end of the follow-up, and could not be assessed (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The monosomal karyotype is a poor prognosis factor for newly-diagnosed MDS patients. The poor prognosis suggested by monosomal karyotype may be related with the abnormality of 3, 5, 7, 13, 15 and 17 chromosome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Monosomy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with TP53 mutant and the relationship between TP53 mutation and monosomal karyotype in MDS patients.@*METHODS@#The TP53 mutations in 102 patients with de nove MDS were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical features of the TP53 mutation group and the non-mutation group were compared. The relationship between TP53 mutation and karyotype, especially monosomal karyotype was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-two out of the 102 MDS patients were male and 50 were female, the median age was 59.5 (23-83) years old. The mutational frequency of TP53 was 12.7%, which mostly occurred in patients with MDS-EB. As compared with non-mutation group, the hemoglobin level and platelet count were lower (P=0.001, P=0.033), the LDH level and bone marrow blast ratio were higher in TP53 mutation group (P=0.002, P<0.001), but the statistical difference of alsolute count of neutrophils and levels of serum ferritin and β2-microglobulin between 2 groups was not found. The karyotype abnormality frequency of patients with TP53 mutation was 90.9%, among them 72.7% was monosomal karyotype. The incidence of monosomal karyotype in the TP53 mutation group was very significantly higher than that in the non-mutation group (P<0.001). MDS with TP53 mutation and monosomal karyotype appeared in the groups with high and very high IPSS-R risk.@*CONCLUSION@#MDS patients with TP53 mutation have unique clinical features and high incidence of monosomal karyotype, and their overall prognosis is poor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics , Young Adult
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1380-1386, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of chromosomal karyotype on the prognosis of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) in condition of the maintenance treatment based on arsenic trioxide.@*METHODS@#The patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia for last 12 years in our hospital were retrospectively collected. The patients mainly treated with arsenic trioxide in maintenance protocol were selected and followed up. All the patients were divided into 3 groups according to cytogenetic data: single t (15; 17) group, t (15; 17) with additional chromosomal abnormality (ACA) group, and normal karyotype group. Then, the prognostic significance of ACAs and complex karyotype were investigated in APL patients.@*RESULTS@#There were 57 cases in the single t (15; 17) group, in which 8 cases died in the first month after induction treatment with early mortality rate of 14%. There were 21 patients in t (15; 17) with ACA group, in which 4 cases died in the first month with early mortality rate of 19%. There were 15 cases in normal chromosome group, in which 5 cases died in the first month with the early mortality rate of 33.3%. There was no statistical difference in the early mortality among 3 groups. All the remaining 76 patients achieved complete hematological remission. These patients were followed up. The median follow-up time was 43.9 months. Among them, only 2 patients in single t (15; 17) group and 1 patient in t (15; 17) with ACA group relapsed. No patient relapsed in normal karyotype group. The relapse rate was 3.5% in single t (15; 17) group and 4.2% in t (15; 17) with ACA group, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the overall survival and disease-free survival rates among 3 groups. Further analysis showed that the patients with complex chromosome karyotypes had lower relapse-free survival rates, but overall survival rates were not significantly different in 3 group.@*CONCLUSION@#In general, ACA can not affect the prognosis of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia in condition of the maintenance treatment based on arsenic trioxide, but the complex chromosomal karyotype may reduce the relapse-free survival rates.


Subject(s)
Arsenic Trioxide , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical efficacy of Tri-Lock bio-short prosthesis in artificial total hip arthroplasty(THA) in young patients with Dorr type C femoral medullary cavity.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to January 2014, 35 young patients(37 hips) with in the chimney-like femoral medullary cavity received Tri-Lock BPS prosthesis of THA, including 18 males(20 hips) and 17 females with an average age of (32.2±3.0) years old ranging from 21.2 to 38.5 years old. There were 16 cases of rheumatoid hip arthritis (17 hips), 8 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (9 hips), and 11 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head (11 hips). All cases were complicated with different degrees of osteoporosis. According to Singh index, 26 cases were classified as Grade III and 9 cases as Grade II. Biological prostheses were used for the acetabulum, with ceramic lining and full ceramic femoral head. The proximal femoral medullary cavity was Dorr type C on anteroposterior X-ray. After replacement, X-ray examination was performed to locate the prosthesis stem. Engh and Harris criteria were used to evaluate the stability of bone-prosthesis interface and hip function, respectively. Changes of hip movement pre-operation and at last follow-up were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 18 to 45 months(means 33.8 months). Harris hip scores in 35 cases (37 hips) increased significantly from preoperative 61.8±3.0 (51.2 to 73.5) to 93.3±6.5 (92.5 to 98.8) points at last follow-up (=54.745, <0.01). The hip mobility increased from (46.5±8.0)°(0° to 55°) before surgery to(101.2±10.5)°(85° to 130°) at the last follow-up, the difference was statistically significant(=133.091, <0.01). Immediately after surgery, the prostheses were tightly packed with the medullary cavity. At the final follow-up, 17 hips had significant femur cortical bone thickening;12 hips had varying degrees of stress occlusal bone resorption at proximal femoral, including 9 degree I(low femur density, round and blunt) and 3 degree II(involving small rotor) hips. Meanwhile, 15 hips had significant femur cortical bone thickening without thigh pain.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cone-shaped short Tri-lock biological short-stem can fill Dorr C chimney-like medullary cavity and effectively retain good proximal femoral bone mass. Titanium microporous coating on the surface can effectively increase the friction of the prosthesis. The short-stem end in the medullary cavity can effectively avoid the occurrence of coxa varus.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femur , Femur Head , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791394

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect and prognostic factors of radical radiotherapy for cervical cancer. Methods A total of 211 patients with stage ⅠA-ⅢB cervical cancer who underwent therapy in department of radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin province between June 2014 and February 2017, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received radical radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Short-term and long-term efficacy and related prognostic factors were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 83. 4% and 72. 5%, respectively. During the follow-up periods, 46 patients (21. 8%) died, including two from non-tumor-related diseases, and one from second primary colon cancer. Totally 57 patients (27%) had recurrence and metastasis, including 16 (28. 1%) with local recurrence, 27 (47. 4%) with distant metastasis, and 14 with local recurrence and distant metastasis ( 24. 6%) . Univariate analysis showed that 2-year OS and DFS were significantly correlated with pathological type, pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) value and FIGO stage (OS: χ2 = 7. 123, 6. 014, 8. 398, P < 0. 05; DFS: χ2 = 11. 832, 8. 003, 7. 731, P < 0. 05). In addition to the above factors, 2-year DFS was also associated with pelvic lymph node metastasis ( χ2 =9. 286, P<0. 05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and FIGO stage were independent prognostic factors of OS (HR= 2. 963, 2. 473, 2. 574, P<0. 05). The independent prognosis factors affecting DFS included pathological type, pre-treatment SCC value and pelvic lymph node metastasis (HR = 3. 014, 1. 988, 1. 914, P< 0. 05). Conclusions By means of radical radiotherapy, cervical cancer patients with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC levels ≥30 ng/ ml and advanced stage have poor prognosis, so more active treatment strategy should be adopted.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1134-1138, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779981

ABSTRACT

A new polyketide:3R, 5R-(-)-talaroflavone (2), along with 15 known compounds were isolated from a EtOAc extract of a sponge-derived fungus Alternaria sp. F49. Compounds 1-2 and 3-4 were separated as two pairs of enantiomers by chiral HPLC from Ⅰ and Ⅱ. The structures of compounds 1-16 were elucidated by means of NMR and MS. Furthermore, the absolute configurations of compounds 1-2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction experiment and CD analyses. Compounds 6, 8-10 were isolated from this genus (Alternaria sp.) for the first time. Compound 16 showed moderate COX-2 enzyme inhibitory activity with IC50of 7.3 μmol·L-1.

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