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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912990

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the diagnostic value and safety of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy combined with radial endobronchial ultrasound in peripheral pulmonary nodules. Methods    The clinical imaging, surgical and pathological data of 60 patients with 76 peripheral pulmonary nodules who underwent electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy combined with radial endobronchial ultrasound guided biopsy in the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from June 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnosis rate and complications were analyzed and summarized. The 76 pulmonary nodules were divided into a small pulmonary nodules group (10 nodules, diameter≤1 cm) and a pulmonary nodules group (1 cm<diameter≤3 cm, 66 nodules) according to diameter. The two groups were compared in terms of operation and diagnosis rate. Results    Pulmonary nodules diameter was 1.8±0.6 cm, operation time 29.8±8.6 min, navigation 2.9±0.9 times, biopsy 9.5±1.9 pieces. In the 76 pulmonary nodules, 55 were confirmed by pathology, with a total diagnosis rate of 72.4%,  including 32 of malignant lesions and 23 of benign lesions. In the 76 pulmonary nodules, 59 had grade 0 hemorrhage, 17 had grade 1 hemorrhage, and none had grade 2 or more serious hemorrhage. Eight patients developed pneumothorax after surgery, and the degree of lung compression was less than 30%, which was improved after symptomatic treatment with oxygen inhalation. The operation time in the small pulmonary nodules group was significantly longer than that in the pulmonary nodules group, and there was no significant difference in diagnosis rate or complications between the two groups. Conclusion    Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy combined with radial endobronchial ultrasound is a safe and effective method for the diagnosis of periphery pulmonary nodules, and it also has a high diagnostic rate for small pulmonary nodules (≤1 cm), which is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920794

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis within three years after treatment, determine its related factors, and make suggestions for improving the short-term quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis after treatment. Methods A telephone survey was used to investigate registered tuberculosis patients in Shanghai in 2018 using the short form 12 (SF-12) and the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test questionnaire (CAT). Results A total of 975 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis who had completed the treatment were included in the study. The total physiological score was determined to be 49.18±10.25, and the total psychological score was 50.27±8.03 (t=5.62,P<0.000 1). The average CAT score was 13.31±6.08. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that quality of life was positively associated with high educational level, high monthly family income, and frequent physical exercise, whereas negatively associated with comorbidities, low self-care ability, and changing jobs. Conclusion We should pay more attention to the patients with pulmonary tuberculosis coexistent with COPD and other lung diseases. Measures should be implemented for the improvement in the quality of life, including providing financial support, encouraging regular exercise, and improving lung function.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920448

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the nutritional literacy and influencing factors among students from Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students (NIPRCES) in Chongqing, and to provide a scientific basis for improving the nutritional literacy of middle school students in the NIPRCES.@*Methods@#Using cross sectional survey, a total of 3 365 students in the grade 7 and 8 were selected from the middle schools in 12 national pilot districts and 2 Chongqing pilot districts by online survey in September 2020. Students filled out a self designed nutritional literacy questionnaire anonymously. The relative evaluation method was used to convert the nutritional literacy of scores into a percentile, and the median score was used as the criterion for qualified nutritional literacy screening.@*Results@#The median score of nutritional literacy of participants was 63.5, and 64.2% achieved the qualified level. The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that boarding school ( OR =1.28, 95% CI =1.08- 1.51 ) and no parents as the primary caregiver ( OR =1.22,95% CI =1.05-1.42) were associated with poor nutritional literacy. Urban residence ( OR =0.75, 95% CI =0.63-0.90), NIPRCES local pilot ( OR =0.83, 95% CI =0.71-0.97) and high paternal education ( OR =0.70, 95% CI =0.52-0.95) were associated with higher nutritional literacy ( P <0.01). Classroom was the main channel for students to obtain nutrition information at present (65.1%) and in the future (72.8%).@*Conclusion@#The nutritional literacy among students in the NIPRCES in Chongqing needs to be improved. Nutritional literacy level of students can be strengthened by nutritional education in boarding schools, rural areas, national pilot areas, and primary caregivers.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1055-1058, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911834

ABSTRACT

Chlorfenapyr and indenocarb are two new insecticides widely used in the world. In recent years, there have been a few cases of human being being poisoned by chlorfenapyr or indenocarb respectively at home and abroad, but no cases of poisoning caused by chlorfenapyr or indenocarb have been reported. A case of delayed central nervous system damage after chlorfenapyr and indoxacarb poisoning was reported for clinical reference.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911312

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of spinal P2Y1R in the development of remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia in rats with incisional pain (IP) and the relationship with the function of NR1 and NR2B in spinal cord.Methods:Forty-eight healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 10-12 weeks, weighing 250-280 g, in which intrathecal catheters were successfully placed, were divided into 6 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), P2Y1R antagonist MRS2179 group (group M), remifentanil group (group R), remifentanil plus MRS2179 group (group R+ M), IP plus remifentanil group (group I+ R) and IP plus remifentanil plus MRS2179 group (group I+ R+ M). In group C, normal saline 10 μl was intrathecally injected, and 10 min later normal saline was infused for 60 min via the tail vein at a rate of 0.1 ml·kg -1·min -1.In group M, MRS2179 0.6 nmol/kg was intrathecally injected, and 10 min later normal saline was infused for 60 min via the tail vein at a rate of 0.1 ml·kg -1·min -1.In group R, normal saline 10 μl was intrathecally injected, and 10 min later remifentanil was infused for 60 min via the tail vein at a rate of 1 μg·kg -1·min -1.In group R+ M, MRS2179 0.6 nmol/kg was intrathecally injected, and 10 min later remifentanil was infused for 60 min at a rate of 1 μg·kg -1·min -1 via the tail vein.In group I+ R, normal saline 10 μl was intrathecally injected, 10 min later remifentanil was infused for 60 min via the tail vein at a rate of 1 μg·kg -1·min -1, and IP was established at 10 min after onset of remifentanil infusion.In group I+ R+ M, MRS2179 0.6 nmol/kg was intrathecally injected, 10 min later remifentanil was infused via the tail vein for 60 min at a rate of 1 μg·kg -1·min -1, and IP was established at 10 min after onset of remifentanil infusion.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT), thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL), and the number of paw lifts on the cold plate were measured at 24 h before infusion of remifentanil or normal saline and at 2, 6, 24, and 48 h after the end of infusion.The animals were sacrificed after the last measurement of the pain threshold, L 4-6 segments of the spinal cord were removed for determination of the expression of P2Y1R, phosphorylated NR1 (p-NR1), NR1, phosphorylated NR2B (p-NR2B) and NR2B (by Western blot), for calculation of the ratios of p-NR1/NR1 and p-NR2B/NR2B, and for detection of expression of P2Y1R mRNA, NR1 mRNA and NR2B mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, MWT was significantly decreased, TWL was shortened, the number of paw lifts on the cold plate was increased, the expression of P2Y1R protein and mRNA, NR1 protein and mRNA, p-NR1, NR2B protein and mRNA and p-NR2B was up-regulated, and p-NR1/NR1 ratio and p-NR2B/NR2B ratio were increased in group R ( P<0.01). Compared with group R, MWT was significantly increased, TWL was prolonged, the number of paw lifts on the cold plate was decreased, the expression of P2Y1R, p-NR1, NR1 protein and mRNA, p-NR2B, NR2B protein and mRNA was down-regulated, and p-NR1/NR1 ratio and p-NR2B/NR2B ratio were decreased in group R+ M ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group I+ R, MWT was significantly increased, TWL was prolonged, the number of paw lifts on the cold plate was decreased, the expression of P2Y1R, p-NR1, NR1 protein and mRNA, p-NR2B, NR2B protein and mRNA was down-regulated, and p-NR1/NR1 ratio and p-NR2B/NR2B ratio were decreased in group I+ R+ M ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Spinal P2Y1R can enhance the function of NR1 and NR2B, which may be involved in the development of remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia in rats with IP.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hippocampal β-amyloid 42 (Aβ 42) deposition-induced accumulation of neutrophils in blood-brain barrier damage caused by sevoflurane anesthesia in aged rats. Methods:Seventy-two healthy male Wistar rats in which IT catheters were successfully planted, aged 18-20 months, weighing 600-650 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT group (group D), sevoflurane anesthesia group (group S) and DAPT plus sevoflurane anesthesia group (group DS). Dimethyl sulfoxide 10 μl was intrathecally injected in group C and group S, and 30 min later group C inhaled 60% oxygen for 2 h, and group S inhaled 3.6% sevoflurane and 60% oxygen for 2 h and tibial fracture surgery was performed at the same time.DAPT 10 μl was intrathecally injected in group D and group DS, and 30 min later group D inhaled 60% oxygen for 2 h, and group DS inhaled 3.6% sevoflurane and 60% oxygen for 2 h and tibial fracture surgery was performed at the same time.The fear conditioning test was performed at 12 h after the end of treatment in each group, and the ratio of time spent freezing was calculated.The rats were sacrificed after the end of behavioral test, and hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of the expression of Aβ 42, occludin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) (by Western blot), neutrophil count (by immuno-histochemistry), and content of Evans blue (EB) (by EB staining). Results:Compared with group C, the ratio of time spent freezing was significantly decreased, the expression of Aβ 42 and MMP-9 was up-regulated, the expression of occludin was down-regulated, the neutrophil count and content of EB were increased in group S and group DS ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group D ( P>0.05). Compared with group S, the ratio of time spent freezing was significantly increased, the expression of Aβ 42 and MMP-9 was down-regulated, the expression of occludin was up-regulated, the neutrophil count and content of EB were decreased in group DS ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which sevoflurane anesthesia leads to postoperative cognitive dysfunction is related to hippocampal Aβ 42 deposition-induced accumulation of neutrophils and causing damage to blood-brain barrier in aged rats.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ultrasonic features, contrast-enhanced ultrasound findings and long-term follow-up results of melanocytoma of the optic disc(MCOD).Methods:The data of 35 patients (35 eyes, 35 lesions) diagnosed with MCOD in Beijing Tongren Ophthalmic Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital from September 2012 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The B-mode ultrasonography and color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) were performed on them. The size, morphology, internal echo and secondary changes of the lesions were analyzed. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound was performed on 13 patients. At the same time, 9 patients were followed up for long-term observation.Results:Six lesions (17.1%) showed hemispherical high echo, and 29 lesions (82.9%) showed limited uplift high echo. The largest base diameter of the lesions was (4.0±0.8)mm, average height was(1.9±0.4)mm. Internal echo characteristics: 8 lesions (22.9%) showed uniform echo and 27 lesions (77.1%) showed uneven echo.Lesion boundary: 35 lesions (100%) showed clear lesion boundary. Fifheen lesions (42.9%) showed secondary vitreous opacity. CDFI: blood flow signals could be detected inside the lesions in 19 lesions(54.3%), and not in 16 lesions(45.7%). Contrast-enhanced ultrasound showed 11 of the 13 lesions (84.6%) were completely filled with contrast agent.Conclusions:MCOD has certain ultrasonographic characteristics, which can provide a reliable basis for clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis. There is no significant change in tumor size after long-term follow-up.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the perfusion characteristics of choroidal metastasis using contrast-enhanced ultrasound, and compare with choroidal hemangioma.Methods:This was a retrospective study.From January 2016 to February 2018 in Beijing Tongren Hospital, a total of 21 eyes from 21 patients who were clinically diagnosed as choroidal metastasis were included as the choroidal metastasis group and 46 eyes from 46 patients who were diagnosed as choroidal hemangioma during the same period were included as the choroidal hemangioma group. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination, and Sonoliver was used to obtain the data on quantitative parameters of the tumor and the adjacent normal orbital tissues, including maximum of intensity (IMAX), rise time (RT), time to peak (TTP), and mean transit time (mTT). The quantitative parameters between choroidal metastasis and normal orbital tissues were compared. And the quantitative parameters between choroidal metastasis and choroidal hemangioma were compared. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance.Results:The IMAX of choroidal metastasis was significantly higher than that of normal orbital tissues, while RT, TTP and mTT were significantly shorter than these of normal orbital tissues (all P<0.01). The IMAX of choroidal metastasis was lower than that of choroidal hemangioma, and RT, TTP and mTT were shorter than choroidal hemangioma (all P<0.01). The ROC curve analysis showed that area under curves of the IMAX, RT, TTP and mTT were 0.775 (95% CI=0.666-0.884), 0.970 (95% CI=0.896-0.996), 0.729 (95% CI=0.607-0.831) and 0.992 (95% CI=0.931-1.000) respectively. The sensitivities were 71.7%, 95.7%, 76.1% and 95.7%, and the specificities were 85.7%, 90.5%, 66.7% and 95.2%, respectively. Conclusions:Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can reflect the differences in perfusion characteristics between choroidal metastasis and choroidal hemangioma. RT and mTT are useful parameters in differential diagnosis between the two types of tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Only limited number of drugs are currently available for treating ischemic stroke. Therapeu?tic angiogenesis has recently emerged as one of the most promising therapies for cerebral ischemic injury. Isopropyl-β-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-α-hydroxypropanoate (IDHP) is a metabolite derived from the botanical formulation for Dantonic?. Here, we investigated the angiogenic efficacy of IDHP in cerebral ischemia. METHODS The in vivo effects of IDHP were evaluated in the C57BL/6 mouse Matrigel plug and rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) were used to explore the effects of IDHP on stimulating proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro. ELISA and Western blotting were used to quantitate the release and expression of relevant target molecules and signaling path?ways. RESULTS IDHP reduced infarct volume and improved sensorimotor function in rats subjected to tMCAO by pro?moting angiogenesis, and promoted Matrigel neovascularization in mice. Moreover, IDHP produced a biphasic modula?tion on proliferation and migration both in HUVEC and HBMEC. It also induced tube formation in a 12-day HUVEC-HDF co-culture model and in Matrigel assays. IDHP-induced angiogenesis was accompanied by increased levels of p-AMPKα (Thr172) and p-eNOS (Ser1177) both in vitro and in vivo, and the decreased level of VEGF in rat brains on day 1 whereas enhanced level of VEGF on day 3 and 7 after tMCAO. Mechanistically, AMPK knockdown or pharmacologi?cally inhibiting AMPK and its upstream kinases (CaMKKβ) inhibited the eNOS phosphorylation induced by IDHP in HUVEC. Furthermore, selective eNOS inhibitor (L-NIO), selective CaMKKβ inhibitor (STO) and AMPKa inhibitor (Com?pound C) blocked the capillary-like tube formation in the co-culture model induced by IDHP (10 nmol · L-1). CONCLU?SION Collectively, these findings showed that IDHP protected rats from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by promot?ing angiogenesis via activating CaMKKβ/AMPK(Thr172)/eNOS(Ser1177) signaling, and suggest it to be a promising new drug candidate for the prevention and/or treatment of cerebral ischemia and other vascular occlusive diseases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907127

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemiological characteristics and incidence trend of influenza-like illness in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019, in order to understand the patterns of influenza epidemic of Xuhui District,and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of influenza in the future. MethodsSurveillance data of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the National Influenza Surveillance System for statistical description and trend analysis. ResultsFrom 2010 to 2019, the overall proportion of influenza-like illness was 0.54%. The annual proportions of ILI were between 0.35%~1.14%.The majority of cases were reported in age group of 25~59, accounted for 54.50% of the total ILI. A total of 9 053 throat swab specimens from ILI patients were collected and tested, from which 2 137 specimens were positive, with a positive rate of 23.61%. The most frequent subtype of influenza virus detected was influenza A virus (accounting for 67.62%). The proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acid detection reached the peak in summer and winter over time. There was a positive correlation between the proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza (r=0.666, P<0.01). From 2010 to 2019, both ILI% and nucleic acid positive rate of influenza virus showed a downward trend. ConclusionThe incidence of influenza shows a downward trend in Xuhui District, with two peaks in summer and winter. The most susceptible individuals are in 25~59 age group. The dominant strains of influenza virus alternate regularly, influenza A(H3N2) dominate the summer epidemic peak while the epidemic peak in winter is dominated by influenza A(H1N1) and influenza B.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907104

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemiological characteristics and incidence trend of influenza-like illness in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019, in order to understand the patterns of influenza epidemic of Xuhui District,and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of influenza in the future. MethodsSurveillance data of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the National Influenza Surveillance System for statistical description and trend analysis. ResultsFrom 2010 to 2019, the overall proportion of influenza-like illness was 0.54%. The annual proportions of ILI were between 0.35%~1.14%.The majority of cases were reported in age group of 25~59, accounted for 54.50% of the total ILI. A total of 9 053 throat swab specimens from ILI patients were collected and tested, from which 2 137 specimens were positive, with a positive rate of 23.61%. The most frequent subtype of influenza virus detected was influenza A virus (accounting for 67.62%). The proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acid detection reached the peak in summer and winter over time. There was a positive correlation between the proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza (r=0.666, P<0.01). From 2010 to 2019, both ILI% and nucleic acid positive rate of influenza virus showed a downward trend. ConclusionThe incidence of influenza shows a downward trend in Xuhui District, with two peaks in summer and winter. The most susceptible individuals are in 25~59 age group. The dominant strains of influenza virus alternate regularly, influenza A(H3N2) dominate the summer epidemic peak while the epidemic peak in winter is dominated by influenza A(H1N1) and influenza B.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Weiwei Tongtiao decoction on gastric mucosal pathology and the expression level of inhibitor kappa B kinase <italic>β</italic>(IKK<italic>β</italic>) and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)in rats with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) precancerous lesion. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive drug Weifuchun group, Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose treatment groups. The rat model of CAG precancerous lesion was prepared by <italic>N</italic>-methyl-<italic>N</italic>'-nitro-<italic>N</italic>-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)compound modeling method. weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose treatment groups received intragastric administration of 24, 12, 6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Weiwei Tongtiao decoction respectively, while Weifuchun group received 0.45 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Weifuchun suspension, once per day for 12 weeks. The pathological changes of gastric mucosa of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining, and the mRNA and protein levels of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa of rats were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), immunohistochemistry(IHC)and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, 100% inherent gland atrophy, mild to severe intestinal metaplasia, and 25% low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were observed under microscope in model group. All Weifuchun group and Weiwei Tongtiao decoction groups could improve the atrophy of gastric glands, moderate to severe intestinal metaplasia and pathological injury of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, especially at high dose group. Compared with the normal group, IKK<italic>β</italic>, Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expressions in the gastric mucosa of the model group were up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expressions of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa of rats in the Weifuchun group and the Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose groups were down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), showing a dose-dependent relationship, and such levels in the Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high-dose intervention group were similar to those in normal group. Conclusion:Weiwei Tongtiao decoction can improve and even reverse gastric mucosa with CAG precancerous lesions in rats, and its intervention mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expressions of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an early warning index system to identify the outbreak of respiratory infectious diseases and to assess the epidemic risk of these diseases in Shanghai. Methods:A two-round Delphi survey with a panel of 31 experts was used to select the modifying indicators. All indicators were evaluated for necessity,feasibility,stability, and sensitivity through online questionnaires. Results:The consultation recovery rates of both rounds were 100%. The authority coefficient was 0.88, and the Kendall's W of the second-round consultation was 0.138 (P<0.001), suggesting a good coordination among experts’ opinion. Our early warning index system was developed after the two-round Delphi survey and included two sets of indicators, one for rapid risk assessment and another for monitoring and tracing risk. Both sets of the indicators involved three aspects: transmissibility, clinical severity and potential influence of emerging diseases. The rapid risk assessment system part covered 10 indicators while the risk monitor system part covered 23 indicators. In the rapid risk assessment system part, the weight value of the top three indicators were greater than 0.10, with the highest weight value of 0.171 for titled visiting rate of influenza-like illness patients in the Emergency Department or other outpatient visits. In the risk monitor system part, the weight value of the top eight indicators were greater than 0.05, and the greatest was 0.087 for R0 (basic reproductive number). Conclusion:The developed scientific and reliable evaluation indicator system can be used to forecast the outbreak and epidemic risk of respiratory infectious diseases. However, sensitivity and stability of the indicators need further validation and evaluation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between obesity and fasting blood glucose levels in elderly people over 65 years old without diabetes mellitus in Sheshan Town. Methods:The physical examination data of the elderly in Sheshan Town in 2018 were collected, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Patients who had been diagnosed with diabetes were excluded. Fasting blood glucose level was determined by glucokinase method. Chi-square test was used to compare the fasting blood glucose levels in men and women with different obesity status. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between obesity-related indicators and diabetes mellitus. Results:A total of 4 434 subjects were included in this study, including 1 921 males and 2 513 females, with a median age of 71 years. The average fasting blood sugar level was (5.87±1.48)mmol/L and the prevalence of diabetes was 11.9% (526/4 434). The correlation coefficients of BMI, WC, WHtR and WHR with fasting blood glucose level were 0.149, 0.125, 0.21 and 0.075 (P<0.001), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of diabetes in the elderly increased with the obesity of WC, WHR and WHtR. BMI and WHtR were significantly higher in the elderly, but after further adjusting by waist circumference, they were not significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus. Conclusion:The incidence of diabetes mellitus in the elderly may be related to obesity, especially centripetal obesity. Establishing a suitable regression model can predict the incidence of diabetes mellitus and provide a scientific and reliable basis for the prevention and treatment of the disease.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 386-391, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888435

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenic dysfunction caused by cyclophosphamide (CP) chemotherapy has seriously influenced the life quality of patients. Unfortunately, treatments for CP-induced testicular spermatogenic dysfunction are limited, and the molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. For the first time, here, we explored the effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (BMSC-exos) on CP-induced testicular spermatogenic dysfunction in vitro and in vivo. BMSC-exos could be taken up by spermatogonia (GC1-spg cells). CP-injured GC1-spg cells and BMSC-exos were cocultured at various doses, and then, cell proliferation was measured using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In addition, photophosphorylation of extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), and protein kinase B (AKT) proteins was evaluated by western blotting as well as apoptosis in GC1-spg cells measured using flow cytometry. Treatment with BMSC-exos enhanced cell proliferation and reduced apoptosis of CP-injured GCI-spg cells. Phosphorylated levels of ERK, AKT, and p38MAPK proteins were reduced in CP-injured spermatogonia when co-treated with BMSC-exos, indicating that BMSC-exos acted against the reproductive toxicity of CP via the p38MAPK/ERK and AKT signaling pathways. In experiments in vivo, CP-treated rats received BMSC-exos by injection into the tail vein, and testis morphology was compared between treated and control groups. Histology showed that transfusion of BMSC-exos inhibited the pathological changes in CP-injured testes. Thus, BMSC-exos could counteract the reproductive toxicity of CP via the p38MAPK/ERK and AKT signaling pathways. The findings provide a potential treatment for CP-induced male spermatogenic dysfunction using BMSC-exos.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 409-414, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888432

ABSTRACT

Accurate methods for identifying pelvic lymph node metastasis (LNM) of prostate cancer (PCa) prior to surgery are still lacking. We aimed to investigate the predictive value of peripheral monocyte count (PMC) for LNM of PCa in this study. Two hundred and ninety-eight patients from three centers were divided into a training set (n = 125) and a validation set (n = 173). In the training set, the independent predictors of LNM were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, and the optimal cutoff value was calculated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The sensitivity and specificity of the optimal cutoff were authenticated in the validation cohort. Finally, a nomogram based on the PMC was constructed for predicting LNM. Multivariate analyses of the training cohort demonstrated that clinical T stage, preoperative Gleason score, and PMC were independent risk factors for LNM. The subsequent ROC analysis showed that the optimal cutoff value of PMC for diagnosing LNM was 0.405 × 109 l

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887508

ABSTRACT

To provide directional suggestions for the establishment of international clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion by investigating the current situation of clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion at home and abroad. The clinical practice guidelines were obtained by questionnaire survey, database retrieval and experts consulting. The guidelines were read carefully, and the content was analyzed. A total of 27 acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines were retrieved, of which most of the guidelines came from China. The definition and scope of "acupuncture and moxibustion "vary according to different guidelines; and the focus of the content and the method of establishing the guidelines are quite different, so it is very necessary to unify the formulation methods of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines. Chinese clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion were characterized by taking the ancient literature as the evidence. Excavating the value of ancient literature and clinical experience of acupuncture-moxibustion experts are the key points and difficulties in the developing of clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion in the future.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Humans , Moxibustion , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2164-2168, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887057

ABSTRACT

Patients with hypoxia pulmonary hypertension (HPH) are often accompanied by dyspnea, fatigue, and headache. With the development of the disease, the right ventricle gradually collapses and eventually leads to death. Hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling is an important pathological basis of HPH, and the remodeled pulmonary vessels will form permanent thickening. The mechanism of hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling is relatively complex. At present, there are few studies on drugs for pulmonary vascular remodeling on the market, mainly focusing on the alleviation of pulmonary vasoconstriction. It was found that hypoxia induces calcium overload in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), resulting in the proliferation of PASMCs. The main mechanisms include: ① abnormal expression of calcium pumps; ② abnormal calcium channels in the plasma membrane of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells; ③ overexpression of calcium-sensitive receptors in cells; ④ the expression of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger type-1 was abnormal. This review summarized several mechanisms of hypoxia induced calcium overload leading to pulmonary artery remodeling, hoping to provide a new idea for the treatment of HPH.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the characteristics of ultrasound diagnosis of optic disc capillary hemangioma.Methods:The study analyzed retrospectively 7 cases of optic disc capillary hemangioma diagnosed in the Beijing Tongren Hospital from 2015 to 2018. The size, morphology, internal echo, and secondary changes of the lesion were analyzed during ultrasound examination.Color Doppler flow imaging was used to check the blood flow in the lesion.Results:Pre-optic disc occupying lesions could be detected in the ultrasound images of the 7 cases. Lesion size: average base diameters (5.39±1.90)mm×(4.79±1.28)mm, average height (3.61±1.37)mm. Lesion morphology: 5 cases were round, and 2 cases were irregular. Echo within the lesion: 3 cases had medium echo inside the lesion, and 4 cases had high echo inside the lesion. Internal echo characteristics: 5 cases had uniform echo, and 2 cases had uneven echo. Secondary changes: 6 cases had secondary retinal detachment and vitreous opacity, and 1 cases was accompanied by retinal hemangioma in other parts. In all cases, blood flow signals could be detected inside the space-occupying lesions, which were in the form of branches, stripes or spots, and the blood flow spectrum showed a parallel spectrum of arteries and veins.Conclusions:Ultrasound examination of optic disc capillary hemangioma has certain characteristics, which can provide a valuable follow-up basis for clinical diagnosis.

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