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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 416-419, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920414

ABSTRACT

@#The circadian rhythm is a set of autonomous endogenous oscillators resulting nearly 24h cycles. The biological clock, including central and peripheral biological clock, is a clock system that regulates the circadian rhythm of the body. The biological clock gene and its encoded protein constituent the transcription-translation oscillation loop, which could regulate the circadian rhythm of biochemical, physiological, and behavioral processes through neural and humoral pathways. The mammalian eyeball contains a complete biological clock system, thus controlling the circadian rhythm of important physiological functions and various parameters of the eyeball. Abnormal circadian clock genes caused by various reasons will affect the circadian rhythm and may lead to the occurrence and development of the ocular diseases. Therefore, the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of ocular diseases are characterized by diurnal variation. The change of circadian clock gene expression is not only involved in the pathophysiological process of ocular diseases, but also may be an important target for the prevention and treatment of diseases. This article introduces the circadian rhythm characteristics of corneal disease, glaucoma and myopia and the related biological clock regulation mechanism. Further research on the circadian clock provides a new strategy for the prevention and treatment of ocular diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877650

ABSTRACT

Acupoint is the integration of structure and function. In this paper, the structure and function of acupoint are studied based on energetics. It is viewed that acupoint is the aggregation and release place of energy, acupuncture is the process of applying energy to acupoint, and the variations of speed, direction, time and local temperature are the key factors of acupoint function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Temperature
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 865-869, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875821

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on regional cerebral oxygen saturation and cerebral function in patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm embolization. METHODS :Totally 44 patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm embolization in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of TCM during Jun. 2017-Aug. 2019 were collected and randomly divided into group D (22 cases)and group C (22 cases). Ten minutes before anesthesia induction ,group D was given intravenous injection of Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride injection 1 μg/kg;group C was given buffered normal saline 20 μL. Both groups were induced with Propofol emulsion injection+Midazolam injection+Fentanyl citrate injection+Cisatracurium besylate for injection. During the operation ,group D was given Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride injection 0.5 μg(/ kg·h)+Fentanyl citrate injection+Benzsulfosum atracurium for injection+Propofol emulsion injection to maintain anesthesia ;group C was continuously pumped with buffered normal saline 0.5 μg(/ kg·h)+Fentanyl citrate injection + Benzsulfosum aratracurium for injection Propofol emulsion injection to maintain anesthesia. Before anesthesia induction (T0), immediately after anesthesia。induction (T1), 1 min after tracheal intubation (T2), immediately after operation finished (T3),immediately afte extubation(T4),the mean arterial pressure(MAP),heart rate 中国药房 2021年第32卷第7期 China Pharmacy 2021Vol. 32 No. 7 ·865· (HR),regional cerebral oxygen satur ation(rSO2)were observed in 2 groups. The levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE)and S100 β protein in serum were measured at T1,T3,6 h after operation (T6). The recovery time ,intraoperative blood loss , nitroglycerin amount and the occurrence of ADR were recorded. RESULTS :MAP and HR of group D at T 2-T4 were significantly lower than those at T 0;MAP and HR of group C at T 2-T4 were significantly higher than those at T 0;the group D were significantly lower than the group C at the same period (P<0.05);there was no statistical significance in rSO 2 between 2 groups at T 0-T4(P> 0.05). The levels of serum NSE and S 100β protein in 2 groups at T 3 were significantly higher than at T 1;those in 2 groups at T 6 were significantly lower than at T 3,but those of group D were significantly lower than the group C at T 3(P<0.05);there was no statistical significance in the levels of serum NSE or S 100β protein between 2 groups at T 1(P>0.05). The recovery time of anesthesia,the amount of nitroglycerin ,the incidence of tachycardia ,nausea and vomiting ,restlessness,shivering and cough in group D were significantly shorter or lower than group C (P<0.05);there was no statistical significance in the intraoperative blood loss between 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Dexmedetomidine can maintain the hemodynamic stability of patients with intracranial aneurysm embolization during the perioperative period ,has little effect on rSO 2 and brain function ,and has good safety.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on pyroptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells of rats with acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by endotoxin.Methods:Twenty-four healthy clean-grade Sprague-Dawley rats of either gender, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 160-182 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), group AKI, EA plus AKI group (group EA), sham EA at non-acupoint plus AKI group (group SEA). The model of endotoxemia was established by intraperitoneally injecting 10 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide.Bilateral 30 min EA stimulation of Zusanli and Shenyu (according to atlas of animal acupoint) was performed starting from 5 days before establishing the model (once a day) and at 30 min before lipopolysaccharide administration on the day of establishing the model, with disperse-dense waves, frequency of 15 Hz, and the needle was kept until 6 h after injection of LPS in group EA.EA was performed at the points 0.5 cm lateral to the acupoints of Zusanli and Shenyu in group SEA.At 6 h after LPS injection, blood was taken from the heart, and the concentrations of serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) were detected by an automatic biochemical analyzer, and the serum concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The rats were then sacrificed, and the left renal cortex was obtained for determination of pyroptosis rate of renal tubular epithelial cells (by TUNEL). The right renal cortex was obtained to detect the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β by Western blot, and the expression of caspase-1 mRNA and IL-1β mRNA was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results:Compared with group C, the concentrations of BUN, Cr, NGAL, KIM-1, TNF-α, and IL-6 were significantly increased, the pyroptosis rate of renal tubular epithelial cells was increased, the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in the renal cortex was up-regulated in group AKI ( P<0.05). Compared with group AKI, the concentrations of BUN, Cr, NGAL, KIM-1, TNF-α, and IL-6 were significantly decreased, the pyroptosis rate of renal tubular epithelial cells was decreased, the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β protein and mRNA in the renal cortex was down-regulated in group SEA ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which EA reduces AKI may be related to inhibiting pyroptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells of rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 798-802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910921

ABSTRACT

Population aging increases the demand for human aging research and its clinical applications.Traditionally, the chronological age(CA), that is, the age based on the calendar, is used to describe the state of aging.However, the aging process and speed among individuals are not consistent and often show clear individual differences in biological aging.Therefore, CA cannot truly reflect people's conditions of body structure and function, has drawbacks leading to unreliable and wrong assessment, and is unable to accurately describe the human body's state of aging.In recent years, it has been proposed that the biological age(BA)should be used to more comprehensively and accurately describe the stage of human aging.Combining mathematical algorithms with a variety of biomarkers, predictive models can be constructed to quantify BA.These approaches have been increasingly appreciated for their improved accuracy and received further investigation.This article reviews the value of BA, currently commonly used calculation methods and their progress and prospects in healthy aging.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the difference of dosimetry between three-dimensional and two-dimensional plans based on CT images of occult perforation in brachytherapy of cervical cancer, aiming to provide clinical reference.Methods:A total of 817 patients with cervical cancer received simple intrauterine (intrauterine tandem plus vaginal colpostats) three-dimensional brachytherapy in Chongqing University Cancer Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, 16 patients had occul uterine perforation. Based on Oncentra Brachy Therapy plan system, the single prescription dose was 6Gy. Three-dimensional (3D group) and two-dimensional (2D group) plans were designed on the perforated CT images The target volume, conformal index (CI), conformal index coformity index (COIN) and organs-at-risk (OAR) D 2cm 3 parameters were used to assess the plans between two groups. Results:The incidence of pccult uterine perforation was 1.96%(16/817) during brachytherapy for cervical cancer. The volume of prescription dose curve in the 3D group was (40.74±14.98) cm 3, significantly smaller compared with (91.46±19.71) cm 3 in the 2D group ( P<0.05), whereas the volume of the high-risk clinical target area wrapped by prescription dose curve did not significantly differ between two groups ( P>0.05). The CI and COIN in the 3D group were 0.79±0.10 and 0.72±0.96, significantly higher compared with 0.38±0.09 and 0.37±0.18 in the 2D group (both P<0.05). The D 2cm 3 of bladder, rectum, sigmoid colon, small intestine in the 3D group were (306.06±77.57) cGy, (252.27±72.60) cGy, (127.25±62.84) cGy and (228.79±94.90) cGy, significantly lower than (548.03±164.21) cGy, (411.16±118.74) cGy, (227.45±94.48) cGy and (450.95±157.96) cGy in the 2D group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Application of image guidance in brachytherapy of cervical cancer is helpful to detect occult uterine perforation. When occult uterine perforation occurs, the use of three-dimensional plan can basically meet the clinical needs, which is significantly better than the two-dimensional plan.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and feasibility of modified pararectus abdominis approach in the anterior plate fixation of sacral fractures.Methods:In 5 fresh adult cadavers (3 males and 2 females), gross anatomy was performed on one pelvic side using a modified pararectus abdominis approach to clarify the anatomical structures around the approach. On the other side of the pelvis, the anterior structures of the sacrum were exposed in simulated anterior plate fixation of sacral fracture via the modified pararectus abdominis approach. The exposed anatomic range of the approach, and the locations and courses of lumbosacral trunk nerve and iliac vessels were observed and recorded.Results:(1) The modified pararectus abdominis approach exposed the whole S1 vertebral body from the sacroiliac joint to the medial side, the L5 vertebral body cephalally, the S1 foramina in the true pelvis, and the same structures laterally as a traditional pararectus abdominis approach did. (2) Via the modified pararectus abdominis approach, exploration and decompression of the lumbosacral plexus (from L4 to S1) (including S1 foraminoplasty) were performed under direct vision to decompress the nerve entrapment from anterior compressed fracture fragments and hyperplastic callus. (3) There was a safe surgical area in anterior L5 and S1 where a plate could be safely fixed to the S1 vertebral body. (4) Since the maximum vertical distance from the lumbosacral trunk nerve lifted above the periost to the sacral ala was 1.4 cm (range, from 1.2 to 1.5 cm), a plate could be safely placed from the subperiosteum to the S1 vertebral body to fix the fracture.Conclusions:The modified pararectus abdominis approach is safe and feasible for exploration and decompression of lumbosacral nerves in the anterior sacral region (from L4 to S1) because it has significant advantages in vision and operation. It also broadens the range of anterior sacral plate fixation because a sacral fracture displacement can be reduced under direct vision and a plate can be fixated to the S1 vertebral body along the alae sacralis and across the sacroiliac joint to the iliac bone.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the different design of readiness assurance process (RAP) and application in TBL teaching of rehabilitation medicine, and to compare the teaching effects.Methods:A total of 40 students who had clinical rotation in our department were chose as research subjects, and they were taught with TBL teaching. Two chapters of "Stroke Rehabilitation" and "Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation" were chosen for the two lectures. During the course of "Stroke Rehabilitation", the RAP adopted open-ended questions, and the application part simulated Teamwork meetings. In the course of "Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation", the RAP used close-ended multiple-choice questions, and the application part simulated making rehabilitation plan. At the end of the two lectures, questionnaires were send to students.Results:For the RAP part, more students preferred open-ended questions. In the application part, students preferred to make rehabilitation plan.Conclusion:The process of clinical diagnosis and treatment and the formulation of rehabilitation plan in clinical practice of rehabilitation medicine has been applied to different parts of TBL teachings, and students are favor of this teaching method, which provides a reference for the future TBL teaching design of rehabilitation medicine.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906604

ABSTRACT

@#Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart disease that causes blood communication between the left and right ventricles due to partial atrial septal tissue defects, accounting for about 13% of all heart malformations. Secondary ASD is the most common type of ASD and can generally be treated with minimally invasive closure. At present, the commonly used minimally invasive methods in clinical practice mainly include X-ray-guided percutaneous occlusion, transesophageal ultrasound-guided transthoracic occlusion and ultrasound-guided percutaneous occlusion. This review focuses on the basic research process of occluder materials, and advantages and disadvantages of three different surgical methods.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906319

ABSTRACT

Prostatic carcinoma (PCa) is one of the most common male malignancies, accounting for 10% of all male cancers, and has become a global health problem. At present, it is mainly tackled with radical prostatectomy and endocrine therapy. However, most patients will develop drug resistance, allowing the progression of PCa into castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Guided by the principles of holism and treatment based on syndrome differentiation, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) alleviates cancer pain, regulates immune balance, and improves the quality of life of patients via multiple targets, multiple pathways, and multiple mechanisms without inducing obvious side effects, thus better exerting the preventive and therapeutic effects against PCa. This paper retrieved relevant articles concerning PCa intervention with TCM published in recent five years from PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and summarized the molecular mechanism of PCa, its etiology and pathogenesis in TCM, and TCM interventions. The findings showed that the active ingredients of Chinese medicinals, single Chinese medicinals and Chinese medicinal compounds inhibited PCa by interfering with not only the classical pathways of PCa such as androgen receptor(AR), Wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, and NF-κB but also other pathways like ERS/UPR, RIPK, CIP2A/PP2A/ERK, EGFR, etc. The intervention of active ingredients from Chinese medicinals in PCa has been explored extensively, but there are fewer studies on single Chinese medicinals and Chinese medicinal compounds that can better reflect the unique advantages of TCM. Further research is needed to provide an important theoretical and experimental basis for the development of novel anti-PCa Chinese medicinal products and their clinical application.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To illustrate the effect of M1/M2 polarization of macrophages on gouty arthritis models induced with monosodium urate and reveal the molecular mechanism of total saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma to treat gouty arthritis. Method:A total of 72 male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal group, model group, total saponin group (160 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), celecoxib group (43.3 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 18 rats in each group. Gouty arthritis models were induced by injecting monosodium urate into ankle joints bilaterally. Histopathology changes of ankle joints were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. Immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the protein expression change of CD68, interleukin-4(IL-4), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>). Result:HE staining results showed that the inflammation of the model group was most obvious on the third day after modeling, and the disease was in the acute stage. On day 5, the inflammation was alleviated, and on day 8, the inflammation was still present but close to normal. The total saponin group and celecoxib group could improve the pathological changes of synovial tissue, and the effect of total saponin group was more obvious. Immunohistochemical results were as follows. Compared with the normal group. The expression of CD68 and iNOS in the model group increased on the 3rd,5th and 8th day of administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the total saponins group could reduce the expression of CD68 and iNOS (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01)on the 3rd day of administration, and significantly reduced them expression on the 5th and 8th days (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the normal group, IL-4 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> expression were increased in the model group when the drug was given for three days(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Total saponin group could enhance IL-4 expression(<italic>P</italic><0.05)and decreased the TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> expression(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with normal group, the expression of IL-4 in the model group decreased on the 5th and 8th day of administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> in the model group decreased on the 5th day of administration(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the total saponins group could increase the expression of IL-4 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> at 5 d and 8 d after administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Total saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma has the potential effect to treat gouty arthritis by regulating M1/M2 polarization.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904715

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of lung tumors. Methods    The clinical data of 31 patients with lung neoplasms treated with MWA from January 2019 to August 2020 in a single center were retrospectively analyzed. There were 17 males and 14 females at an age of 63.4±10.4 years. The characteristics of the lesions, technical success rate, technical efficiency, local progression rate, adverse reactions and complications were recorded in detail. Results    There were 39 target lesions with an average diameter of 20.2±10.6 mm. A total of 36 MWA procedures were completed. The initial technical success rate was 84.6% (33/39), and the technical efficiency was 92.3% (36/39). The median postprocedure hospital stay was 2.0 (2.0, 3.0) d. A total of 12.9% (4/31) of the patients had local progression, and the local control rate was 87.1%. The main adverse reactions were pain (12/36, 33.3%), cough (6/36, 16.7%), post-ablation syndrome (6/36, 16.7%) and pleural effusion (3/36, 8.3%). The main complications were pneumothorax (11/36, 30.6%), hemorrhage (8/36, 22.2%), cavitation (2/36, 5.6%) and pulmonary infection (1/36, 2.8%). The median follow-up time was 13.0 (8.0, 18.0) months. No patient died during the follow-up. Conclusion    MWA is safe and effective in the treatment of lung tumors with controllable complications. Successive researches with large sample, and medium and long-term follow-ups are needed to explore the significance of combined therapies.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 450-453, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of aging on the correlation between the intestinal microorganism Akkermansia and obesity, and to analyze the features of the correlation in the elderly population. Methods:This was a cross-sectional study.A total of 6896 cases were collected from the Guangdong intestinal microbiome in 2018, aged 18-94 years old, including 3806 females, 1641 cases with abdominal obesity(23.7%)and 707 cases with systemic obesity(10.3%). The 16S rRNA sequencing data were from individuals of Cantonese descent.The abundance of Akkermansia was calculated after data cleaning, clustering and annotation.The type of abdominal obesity or systemic obesity was diagnosed based on the standards of the Working Group on Obesity in China(2002). According to the five quintiles of the abundance of Akkermansia, subjects were divided into Q1~Q5(Q1-Q4: n=1379, Q5: n=1380). Logistic regression was used to study the relationship between Akkermansia and obesity after adjusting for common confoundors such as gender.Subjects were subgrouped into two types of age groups: the <65 group(n=5467)and the ≥65 group(n=1519); the <70 group(n=6136)and the ≥70 group(n=850). Age windows were used to analyze changes in characteristics of this relationship with increasing age. Results:There were significant differences in age and gender among different Akkermansia groups( t/ χ2=3.51, -5.03, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for two main confounding factors, age and gender, the risk of systemic obesity and abdominal obesity gradually decreased from Q2 to Q5 group, compared with Q1 group( P<0.001). The correlation between Akkermansia and obesity decreased with age.The protective effect of Akkermansia on obesity was weaker in the ≥65 and ≥70 groups, respectively, than in the <65 and <70 groups. Conclusions:Akkermansia is a protective factor for obesity, but the protective effect is affected by aging and weakened in the elderly.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the characteristics of cervical hardness and softness in the second trimester, and to explore the predictive value of the combination of cervical elastographic parameters and cervical length(CL) in spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB).Methods:The clinical data of 147 women with full-term birth(full-term birth group) and 24 women with sPTB(sPTB group) who received prenatal examination in Chengdu Women′s and Children′s Central Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were reviewed. Multiple parameters were measured between 16-28 gestational weeks by the transvaginal ultrasound E-cervix technique. CL, elasticity contrast index(ECI), hardness ratio(HR), mean strain at internal os(IOS), mean strain at external os(EOS), the ratio of IOS to EOS(IOS/EOS) were obtained.Elastographic parameters and CL were compared between the two groups. Furthmore, binary regression was established, while the area under ROC curve(AUC) was used to evaluate the predictive efficiency of elastographic parameters and CL in sPTB, both alone and in combination with other parameters.Results:The elastographic parameters IOS and IOS/EOS in the sPTB group were higher than those in the full-term birth group, while HR and CL were lower than those in the full-term birth group (all P<0.05). There were no statistical differences of ECI and EOS between the two groups(both P>0.05). The AUCs of predicting sPTB with single IOS, IOS/EOS were 0.684 and 0.625, higher than the AUCs of HR, CL. The combination of IOS/EOS and CL, IOS and CL showed higher AUCs than elastographic parameters alone, with the AUC 0.788 of IOS/EOS combined with CL. The sensitivity was 70.8%, and the specificity was 87.3% corresponding to the optimum cutoff value(IOS/EOS was 1.22, CL was 3.46 cm). Conclusions:In the second trimester, sPTB has a lower hardness cervix than that of full-term women, especially the internal os of cervix. The combination of IOS/EOS and CL tends to improve the ability of predicting sPTB in pregnant women.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the arsenic trioxide (As 2O 3)-induced apoptosis of human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y cells) and the protection mechanisms of folic acid (FA) and vitamin B 12 (VB 12). Methods:SH-SY5Y cells were cultured in vitro and divided into six groups by group design: control group (normal cultured), arsenic exposed group (10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3), FA intervention group (0.30 mmol/L FA + 10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3), VB 12 intervention group (0.06 mmol/L VB 12 + 10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3), combined intervention group (0.30 mmol/L FA + 0.06 mmol/L VB 12 + 10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3) and reagent control group (0.30 mmol/L FA + 0.06 mmol/L VB 12). Cells in each group were cultured for 24 h ( n = 3). Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis rate of cells in each group. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructural changes of the cells. The expression levels of mRNA and protein of apoptosis-related indicator B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The activity of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase) 3 was detected by luminescent assay. The above indicators were statistically analyzed. Results:There was statistically significant difference in the apoptosis rate among different groups ( F = 213.036, P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate in arsenic exposed group [(44.43 ± 3.54)%] was higher than that in control, FA intervention, VB 12 intervention, and combined intervention groups [(1.80 ± 0.06)%, (14.37 ± 0.13)%, (19.10 ± 1.56)%, (17.11 ± 2.34)%, P < 0.05]. Under transmission electron microscope, the apoptotic bodies, mitochondria swelling and degeneration, chromatin agglutination were observed in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to arsenic. The morphological and organelle changes of SH-SY5Y cells were significantly improved after respective and combined intervention of FA and VB 12. The expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax mRNA and protein were significantly different among different groups ( F = 5.178, 7.169, 6.142, 9.194, P < 0.05). The expression level of Bcl-2 protein in arsenic exposed group was lower than that in control group ( P < 0.05), and the expression levels of Bax mRNA and protein were higher than those in control group ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in FA intervention group and combined intervention group were higher than those in arsenic exposed group ( P < 0.05), and Bcl-2 mRNA expression level in VB 12 intervention group was higher than that in arsenic exposed group ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of Bax mRNA and protein in FA intervention, VB 12 intervention and combined intervention groups were lower than those in arsenic exposed group ( P < 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in Caspase 3 activity among different groups ( F = 84.604, P < 0.05). Caspase 3 activity in arsenic exposed group was significantly higher than those in control, FA intervention, VB 12 intervention, and combined intervention groups ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:Arsenic exposure can lead to apoptosis and ultrastructural changes of SH-SY5Y cells. FA and VB 12 may effectively inhibit apoptosis through regulating Bcl-2/Bax pathway and decrease Caspase 3 activity, thus playing a protective role on nerve cells.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883626

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of constructivism teaching mode in physical diagnostics teaching was evaluated in this study. We built up the constructivism teaching mode in diagnostics teaching taking the clinical symptoms as the theme, and through such aspects as courseware design, teaching plan preparation, SP playing and inquiry, SimMan simulated physical examination, condition analysis, etc. Then questionnaires were conducted to analyze the role of the constructivism teaching mode in diagnostics teaching. The diagnostics constructivism teaching mode can provide students with a platform for self-construction of diagnostics and integrated application of knowledge. Meanwhile, students' sense of participation can be improved and multiple learning skills are enhanced during the course.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881066

ABSTRACT

The phytochemical investigation of the stems of Homalium stenophyllum afforded seven new phenolic glycosides (1-5 and 8-9) and two known compounds (6 and 7). Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analyses of NMR spectroscopic, mass spectrometric data and chemical hydrolysis. Additionally, their anti-inflammatory activities against the NO production in LPS-induced macrophages were evaluated.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Danhong Injection () on improving microcirculatory injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 90 patients were enrolled. A random sequence was generated using statistical analysis software. Patients with microcirculatory injuries after PCI were randomly divided into 3 groups for treatment (30 subjects in each group): Danhong Injection group: after PCI, Danghong Injections were given with intravenous administration with 40 mL twice a day for a week; statins intensive group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 80 mg once, and then atorvastatin 40 mg daily for 1 week; the control group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 10-20 mg daily for 1 week. The index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) was used to assess microcirculatory injury during PCI. The IMR of the target vessel was reexamined after 1 week of drug treatment.@*RESULTS@#After one week's drug treatment, IMR was significantly decreased in both statins intensive group and Danhong Injection group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but no difference was found between statins intensive group and Danhong injection group (14.03 ± 2.54 vs. 16.03 ± 5.72 U, P=0.080).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of Danhong Injection is non-inferior to statin. Early use of Danhong Injection after PCI can effectively improve coronary microcirculation injury after PCI.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the trends in characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients in tertiary Chinese medicine (CM) hospitals in China between 2006 and 2013.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was based on two nationwide epidemiological surveys of AMI in tertiary CM hospitals during 2 years (2006 and 2013). Patients admitted to the hospital for AMI were enrolled. Hospital records were used as the data source. Case data were derived regarding baseline characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients to assess changes from 2006 to 2013. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between prognosis, general influencing factors of disease, and various treatment measures.@*RESULTS@#Totally 26 tertiary CM hospitals in 2006 and 29 tertiary CM hospitals in 2013 (18 were repetitive) were surveyed. A total of 2,311 patients with AMI were enrolled (1,094 cases in 2006 and 1,217 cases in 2013). From 2006 to 2013, the mean age did not significantly change, but the proportion of patients younger than 65 years increased. The prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia also increased. Significant increases were observed in primary percutaneous coronary intervention [20.48% (2006) vs. 24.90% (2013)] and revascularization [36.11% (2006) vs. 52.42% (2013)]. In-hospital mortality decreased from 11.15% in 2006 to 10.60% in 2013. A mortality logistic regression analysis identified reperfusion therapy [odds ratio (OR), 0.222; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.106-0.464], Chinese patent medicines (OR, 0.394; 95% CI, 0.213-0.727), and CM decoctions (OR, 0.196; 95% CI, 0.109-0.353) as protective factors.@*CONCLUSION@#Reperfusion and revascularization capabilities of tertiary CM hospitals have improved significantly, but in-hospital mortality has not significantly decreased. Efforts are needed to improve medical awareness of AMI and expand the use of CM to reduce in-hospital mortality in China.

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