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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907131

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effect of working conditions on the occurrence and development of chronic diseases in bus drivers in Hefei. MethodsA total of 380 bus drivers were selected by convenient sampling method. Their basic information, working intensity, working environment, working habits, living habits and physical health were investigated. ResultsThe three most common occupational-related diseases were: 1) anxiety and depression caused by work environment such as noise and traffic jam (70.79%, 269/380); 2) dry eyes, eye fatigue, blurred vision and so on (65.53%, 249/380); 3) cervical and lumbar pain (63.16%, 240/380). Gastrointestinal dysfunction (irritable bowel syndrome related symptoms) occurred in 42.37% (161/380) of the drivers and 45.53% (173/380) had suffered from hemorrhoids or anal fissure. Drivers with long-term suffocation were more likely to suffer from urinary tract infection (χ 2=22.330, P<0.001). The rate of subjective eye discomfort was higher in the drivers with long working hours (χ 2=11.682, P<0.01), and the rate of leg swelling was higher in the drivers with frequent driving without rest (χ 2=16.642, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the rate of anxiety and depression between the divers with different sleep duration (χ 2=17.379,P<0.001). Results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the incidence of anxiety and depression was higher in drivers with longer working hours. In comparison with the group of over 6 working hours, the rate increased to 4.080 times in the group of over 8 working hours, 2.583 times in the group of over 10 working hours, and 2.484 times in the group of over 12 working hours, respectively. Occasional and frequent non-stop working drivers were 4.302 and 4.828 times, respectively, more likely to be anxious or depressed. Logistic regression analysis also showed that the incidence of gastrointestinal dysfunction (irritable bowel syndrome related symptoms) in drivers with anxiety and depression was 3.792 times higher than that in drivers without anxiety and depression (OR=3.792, 95% CI 2.384 to 6.029, P<0.001). ConclusionSome working environment, excessive working intensity, poor living and working habits, and mental problems are closely related to the occurrence and development of chronic diseases in bus drivers.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907108

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effect of working conditions on the occurrence and development of chronic diseases in bus drivers in Hefei. MethodsA total of 380 bus drivers were selected by convenient sampling method. Their basic information, working intensity, working environment, working habits, living habits and physical health were investigated. ResultsThe three most common occupational-related diseases were: 1) anxiety and depression caused by work environment such as noise and traffic jam (70.79%, 269/380); 2) dry eyes, eye fatigue, blurred vision and so on (65.53%, 249/380); 3) cervical and lumbar pain (63.16%, 240/380). Gastrointestinal dysfunction (irritable bowel syndrome related symptoms) occurred in 42.37% (161/380) of the drivers and 45.53% (173/380) had suffered from hemorrhoids or anal fissure. Drivers with long-term suffocation were more likely to suffer from urinary tract infection (χ 2=22.330, P<0.001). The rate of subjective eye discomfort was higher in the drivers with long working hours (χ 2=11.682, P<0.01), and the rate of leg swelling was higher in the drivers with frequent driving without rest (χ 2=16.642, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the rate of anxiety and depression between the divers with different sleep duration (χ 2=17.379,P<0.001). Results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the incidence of anxiety and depression was higher in drivers with longer working hours. In comparison with the group of over 6 working hours, the rate increased to 4.080 times in the group of over 8 working hours, 2.583 times in the group of over 10 working hours, and 2.484 times in the group of over 12 working hours, respectively. Occasional and frequent non-stop working drivers were 4.302 and 4.828 times, respectively, more likely to be anxious or depressed. Logistic regression analysis also showed that the incidence of gastrointestinal dysfunction (irritable bowel syndrome related symptoms) in drivers with anxiety and depression was 3.792 times higher than that in drivers without anxiety and depression (OR=3.792, 95% CI 2.384 to 6.029, P<0.001). ConclusionSome working environment, excessive working intensity, poor living and working habits, and mental problems are closely related to the occurrence and development of chronic diseases in bus drivers.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 307-315, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884397

ABSTRACT

Objective:In general, patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are considered to show an aggressive disease course. However, the relationship between the two subgroups in disease severity is controversial. Our study is aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and prognosis of double-seropositive and seronegative RA in China through a real-world large scale study.Methods:RA patients who met the 1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria or the 2010 ACR/European Anti-Rheumatism Alliance RA classification criteria, and who attended the 10 hospitals across the country from September 2015 to January 2020, were enrolled. According to the serological status, patients were divided into 4 subgroups [rheumatoid factor (RF)(-) anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody (-), RF(+), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+), anti-CCP antibody(+)] and compared the disease characteristics and treatment response. One-way analysis of variance was used for measurement data that conformed to normal distribution, Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for measurement data that did not conform to normal distribution; paired t test was used for comparison before and after treatment within the group if the data was normally distributed else paired rank sum test was used; χ2 test was used for count data. Results:① A total of 2 461 patients were included, including 1 813 RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) patients (73.67%), 129 RF(+) patients (5.24%), 245 RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) patients (9.96%), 74 anti-CCP antibody(+) patients (11.13%). ② Regardless of the CCP status, RF(+) patients had an early age of onset [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) (51±14) years old, anti-CCP antibody(+) (50±15) years old, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) (48±14) years old, RF(+)(48±13) years old, F=3.003, P=0.029], longer disease duration [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 50 (20, 126) months, anti-CCP antibody(+) 60(24, 150) months, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 89(35, 179) months, RF(+) 83(25, 160) months, H=22.001, P<0.01], more joint swelling counts (SJC) [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 2(0, 6), Anti-CCP antibody(+) 2(0, 5), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 2(0, 7), RF(+) 2(0, 6), H=8.939, P=0.03] and tender joint counts (TJC) [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 3(0, 8), anti-CCP antibody(+) 2(0, 6), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 3(1, 9), RF(+) 2(0, 8), H=11.341, P=0.01] and the morning stiff time was longer [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 30(0, 60) min, anti-CCP antibody(+) 20(0, 60) min, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 30(10, 60) min, RF(+) 30(10, 60) min, H=13.32, P<0.01]; ESR [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 17(9, 38) mm/1 h, anti-CCP antibody(+) 20(10, 35) mm/1 h, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 26(14, 45) mm/1 h, RF(+) 28(14, 50) mm/1 h, H=37.084, P<0.01] and CRP [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 2.3 (0.8, 15.9) mm/L, Anti-CCP antibody(+) 2.7(0.7, 12.1) mm/L, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 5.2(1.3, 17.2) mm/L, RF (+) 5.2(0.9, 16.2) mm/L, H=22.141, P<0.01] of the RF(+)patients were significantly higher than RF(-) patients, and RF(+) patients had higher disease severity(DAS28-ESR) [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) (4.0±1.8), anti-CCP antibody(+) (3.8±1.6), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) (4.3±1.8), RF(+) (4.1±1.7), F=7.269, P<0.01]. ③ The RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) patients were divided into 4 subgroups, and it was found that RF-H anti-CCP antibody-L patients had higher disease severity [RF-H anti-CCP antibody-H 4.3(2.9, 5.6), RF-L anti-CCP antibody-L 4.5(3.0, 5.7), RF-H anti-CCP antibody-L 4.9(3.1, 6.2), RF-L anti-CCP antibody-H 2.8(1.8, 3.9), H=20.374, P<0.01]. ④ After 3-month follow up, the clinical characteristics of the four groups were improved, but there was no significant difference in the improvement of the four groups, indicating that the RF and anti-CCP antibody status did not affect the remission within 3 months. Conclusion:Among RA patients, the disease activity of RA patients is closely related to RF and the RF(+) patients have more severe disease than RF(-) patients. Patients with higher RF titer also have more severe disease than that of patients with low RF titer. After 3 months of medication treatment, the antibody status does not affect the disease remission rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 226-233,C1, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the genotype distribution of drug-related gene polymorphism of methotrexate (MTX) and leflunomide (LEF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods:The genotyping results of RA patients' MTX and LEF related genes(MTHFR677C/T, MTHFR1298A/C, ABCB13435T/C, DHODH19C/A and CYP1A2734C/A) detected in Shanghai Guanghua Hospital from December 2018 to May2019 and drug-related adverse effect were statisticallyanalyzed. The independence of allele distribution was tested by Hardy-Weinberg test. Counting data of genotypes and allele frequencies among the groups were analyzed by the chi-square test. Measurement data were showed as Mean±SD deviation. The network between incidence of adverse events and genotypes of patients was analyzed by cytoscape software. Results:Genotype distribution in 151 patients was consistent with Hardy-Weinberg genetic balance ( P>0.05), and genotype and allele distribution of each gene showed no statistical difference in gender ( P>0.05). The results showed that the most common genotype in RA were that genotypes of the good response with moderate resistance to MTX (MTHFR677CC/MTHFR1298AA/ABCB13435CT) (16 cases, 13.5%) and the good response with moderate side effect risk to LEF(DHODH19CC/CYP1A2734AC) (25 cases, 28.4%). According to the distribution frequency of alleles, the incidence of high side effects caused by MTX combined with LEF was predicted to be 2.9%, which was close to 1.8% of the actual genotypes of patients. The types and proportion of clinical adverse reactions in patients were retrospectively analyzed and the correlation network analysis was conducted with the genotype analysis results. It was found that the incidence rates of adverse reactions were liver injury (35.4%, 35/99), leukopenia (14.1%, 14/99), thrombocytopenia (2.0%, 2/99), and skin rash (1.0%, 1/99) from the top to the bottom. The top two genotypes that were related to the occurence of adverse events were MTHFR677CT/MTHFR1298AA/ABCB13435CT and DHODH19CA/CYP1A2734AC, respectively, which verified the consistency between drug-related genotype and clinical manifestations in RA patients. Conclusion:Our results suggested that genotype in RA patients is closely related to drug efficacy and adverse events. 2.9% of RA patients need to stop taking MTX and LEF due to high MTX resistance and poor MTX response and increased toxicity when combined with LEF, in which the proportion of liver injury is the highest.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873846

ABSTRACT

A large amount of evidence has showed that sexually transmitted infection is an important synergistic factor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.Therefore, this paper reviews the current situation of sexually-transmitted diseases (STD) and HIV infection, introduces HIV prevention and intervention measures and problems for STD patients at home and abroad, and proposes that behavior-psychology-society integrated intervention model should be constructed based on the characteristics of STD patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873506

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To understand pathogenic distribution and epidemiological characteristics of diarrhea syndrome in Gansu Province. Methods Fecal specimens from diarrhea syndrome surveillance cases at sentinel hospitals in Gansu Province from 2009 to 2018 were collected,and virus nucleic acids were detected by real-time fluorescent chain reaction,and bacteria were detected by isolation culture. Results 1 547 positive cases were detected from 4 406 stool specimens with the positive rate of 35. 11%. Among the positive samples,1 281 cases were positive for virus with the positive rate of 47. 20%; 287 ca- ses were positive for bacteria with the positive rate of 8. 57%. Top five of pathogenic spectrum were rota- virus ( 46. 04%) ,astrovirus ( 13. 37%) ,norovirus ( 13. 15%) ,Shigella ( 9. 90%) and adenovirus ( 7. 81%) . In different age groups,statistically significant differences were found in the positive rates of rotavirus,norovirus,astrovirus,Shigella and non typhoid Salmonella ( all P<0. 05) . The positive rate of virus was higher from November to March of next year,and the positive rate of bacteria was higher from June to August. The epidemic seasons of pathogens were different,of which rotavirus was dominating in four seasons. Conclusions The pathogenic spectrum of diarrhea is wide relatively in Gansu Province, and viral diarrhea is more common,with obvious seasonal peak. Continuous monitoring should be strengthened to grasp characteristics and epidemic trends of pathogens,and it is helpful to take targeted and seasonal preventive measures in population at high risk.

7.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000107, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088521

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose Patients with diabetes are vulnerable to myocardial I/R (ischaemia/reperfusion) injury, but are not responsive to IPO (ischaemic post-conditioning). We hypothesized that decreased cardiac Adiponectin (APN) is responsible for the loss of diabetic heart sensitivity to IPO cardioprotecton. Methods Diabetic rats were subjected to I/R injury (30 min of LAD occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion). Myocardial infarct area was determined by TTC staining. Cardiac function was monitored by a microcatheter. ANP, 15-F2t-isoprostane, nitrotyrosine and MDA were measured by assay kits. Levels of p-Akt, total-Akt and GAPDH were determined by Western Blot. Results Diabetic rats subjected to myocardial IR exhibited severe myocardial infarction and oxidative stress injury, lower APN in the plasma and cardiac p-Akt expression ( P <0.05). IPO significantly attenuated myocardial injury and up-regulated plasma APN content and cardiac p-Akt expression in non-diabetic rats but not in diabetic rats. Linear correlation analysis showed that the expression of adiponectin was positively correlated with p-Akt and negatively correlated with myocardial infarction area ( P <0.01). Conclusion Protective effect of IPO was tightly correlated with the expression of adiponectin, exacerbation of I/R injury and ineffectiveness of IPO was partially due to the decline of adiponectin and inactivation of Akt in diabetes mellitus.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design and implement a low-power and portable transcranial direct current stimulator controlled by mobile phones. Methods:The constant current stimulation circuit was realized by a field effect transistor, which could output stable and adjustable low-intensity direct current, and the impedance detection circuit and the over-current protection circuit increased the effectiveness and safety of the stimulator. The control and real-time detection of the stimulation circuit was realized through a microcontroller, and the parameters' settings of the stimulator and the display and preservation of the actual stimulus information were realized through the Android software on the smartphone. Results:The output current strength and accuracy, maximum load, as well as the timing, device connection, stimulus information collection and display all achieved the expected goals. Conclusion:The design realized the mobile control of the stimulator, with portability, low cost and low power consumption, providing a new solution for wider applications.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773190

ABSTRACT

In this study,a method using ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was established to identify complicated chemical constituents of Wikstroemia indica. Chromatographic separation was performed on an AcclaimTMRSLC 120-C18 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,2. 2 μm) using gradient elution with 0. 2% ammonium formate buffer salt solution( A)-0. 2% ammonium formate buffer salt solution methanol( B) as mobile phase. The column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The analytes were determined by positive and negative ion modes with electro-spray ionization source. A total of 52 compounds( including eleven coumarins,thirteen flavonoids,ten lignans,two amides,four phenolic acids,six sesquiterpenes and six other compounds) were identified or tentatively characterized from the water extract of W. indica by comparing their retention times and MS spectra with those of authentic standards or literature datas. Three compounds were found for the first time from W.indica namely isomer of indicanone,β-hydroxypropiovanillone and epiprocurcumenol. Furthermore,the fragmentation rules of some compounds were speculated and summarized. In addition,the cleavage pathways of guaiane sesquiterpenes were described for the first time,which can provide reference for studying the fragmentation pathways of similar compounds. This study provides an easy way to identify chemical constituents of traditional Chinese medicine and a basis for the further study on chemical fundamentals of W. indica.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Water , Wikstroemia , Chemistry
10.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 96-99, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744954

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a medical records management system based on document database so as to promote standardization of medical records management and improve management efficiency.Methods:Microsoft.Net platform and SQL SERVER database were selected, and three-tier framework of.Net webservic was adopted to design a medical records management system which contained three modules included filing, review and system management for medical records and which based on document database.Results:The application of this system significantly reduced the operational process of manual business of the staffs, and optimized the workflow, and extremely improved the work efficiency and significantly increased the utilization rate of medical records.Conclusion:The application of medical records management system based on document database not only can improve the work efficiency of staff but also can make better use of medical records, and better promote information construction and improvement of medical service quality of hospital.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744256

ABSTRACT

Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) is a transmembrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) , a Ca2+ transducer in ER that activates the store-operated calcium channel.Through Orai1 protein, STIM1 adjusts the intracellular and extracellular calcium concentration.This way is called a store-operated Ca2+ entry.STIM1 plays a key role in phenotypic transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells, proliferation of endothelial cells, myocardial hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis to regulate lots of cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure and systemic hypertension.STIM1 is closely related to cardiovascular diseases through calcium signal.The research progress of STIM1 in cardiovascular diseases is mainly discussed in this article.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2899-2904, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781747

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Clinical outcomes of undifferentiated arthritis (UA) are diverse, and only 40% of patients with UA develop rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after 3 years. Discovering predictive markers at disease onset for further intervention is critical. Therefore, our objective was to analyze the clinical outcomes of UA and ascertain the predictors for RA development.@*METHODS@#We performed a prospective, multi-center study from January 2013 to October 2016 among Chinese patients diagnosed with UA in 22 tertiary-care hospitals. Clinical and serological parameters were obtained at recruitment. Follow-up was undertaken in all patients every 12 weeks for 2 years. Predictive factors of disease progression were identified using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression.@*RESULTS@#A total of 234 patients were recruited in this study, and 17 (7.3%) patients failed to follow up during the study. Among the 217 patients who completed the study, 83 (38.2%) patients went into remission. UA patients who developed RA had a higher rheumatoid factor (RF)-positivity (42.9% vs. 16.8%, χ = 8.228, P = 0.008), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody-positivity (66.7% vs. 10.7%, χ = 43.897, P < 0.001), and double-positivity rate of RF and anti-CCP antibody (38.1% vs. 4.1%, χ = 32.131, P < 0.001) than those who did not. Anti-CCP antibody but not RF was an independent predictor for RA development (hazard ratio 18.017, 95% confidence interval: 5.803-55.938; P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#As an independent predictor of RA, anti-CCP antibody should be tested at disease onset in all patients with UA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778289

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore factors influencing the incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in different genders so as to provide reference for the specific prevention of the disease. Methods A nested case-control study was conducted to analyze factors influencing the incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in Jinchang cohort population who were randomly selected through stratified sampling by age and followed up. A risk prediction model was established and the goodness of fit was evaluated by the area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC). Results The standardized incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in this follow-up population was 12.32%, and the incidence rate of males (13.65%) was greater than that of females (11.29%). The difference was statistically significant ( 2=4.267, P<0.001). Age, education, elevated systolic blood pressure, and elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were common risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis in both men and women. Elevated fasting plasma glucose (OR=2.556, 95% CI: 1.618-4.038) and elevated triglyceride (OR=1.535, 95% CI: 1.058-2.227) were only associated with men. Abdominal obesity (OR=1.414, 95% CI: 1.013-1.974) was only associated with women. The area under ROC of male and female prediction models was 0.835 (95% CI: 0.815-0.856) and 0.809 (95% CI: 0.788-0.831), respectively. The sensitivity was 78.0% and 78.9%, the specificity was 78.8% and 73.1%, and the diagnostic coincidence rate was 91.3% and 82.4%, respectively. Conclusions There are different risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis in males and females, and targeted prevention and control measures should be taken according to gender. The risk prediction model established by Logistic regression had certain guiding value.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777908

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To Analyze the change trend of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Chinese women from 2005 to 2013 in the Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report in order to provide references for the implement of the prophylaxis and treatment of breast cancer. Methods Extracted all the records of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Chinese women from 2005 to 2013, applied the Joinpoint regression model to analyze the change trend of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Chinese women. Results The incidence levels of breast cancer among urban women in China was higher than that in rural from 2005 to 2013, the change trend of urban incidence was stable(t=-0.2, P=0.828), the rural incidence showed an increasing trend(t=7.8, P<0.001). The peaks of urban and rural incidence were in the age group of 50- and the age group of 45- respectively.The mortality of breast cancer among urban women in China was higher than that in rural from 2005 to 2013, the change trend of urban mortality was stable(t=0.8, P=0.458), and the rising trend of rural mortality was obvious(t=3.3, P=0.014). The mortality of urban women began to rise after the age of 30, accelerating to rise after the age of 75, the mortality of rural women began to rise after the age of 30, the change tended to be stable at the age of 55-69, and began to rise after the age of 70 again. Conclusions The incidence and mortality of breast cancer among urban women in China were all higher than that in rural from 2005 to 2013, the rising trend of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer among rural women was obvious, so the prophylaxis and treatment measures of breast cancer should be actively formulated and perfected.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777465

ABSTRACT

Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Shengmai San has the effects of enhancing immunity and improving blood circulation, and Curcumae Longae Rhizoma(Jianghuang) has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidation and other functions. Shengmai San combined with Jianghuang is a new research direction in the study of anti-tumor of traditional Chinese medicines. The main treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma is radiation therapy, but radiation therapy can cause a variety of side effects, and it also changes the composition of the intestinal flora. In this study, the 16 s rDNA sequencing platform was used to perform macro-sequence sequencing of the intestinal flora samples of nude mice bearing the veins of Shengmai Jianghuang San, and then the results of intestinal flora data were analyzed to investigate the effect of Shengmai Jianghuang San on tumors. The results showed that Shengmai Jianghuang San combined with irradiation could enhance the therapeutic effect of tumor treatment. Radiation therapy would reduce the total number and diversity of intestinal flora in nude mice, and also change the structure of the flora. Shengmai Jianghuang San could protect the diversity of colonies, and also partially restore the colony imbalance caused by irradiation. This study provides a research idea for Shengmai Jianghuang San as a sensitizing adjuvant for radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Radiotherapy , Radiation Tolerance , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents , Pharmacology
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2601-2611, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803154

ABSTRACT

Background@#In consideration of characteristics and functions, extra-cellular signal-regulated protein kinase 5 (ERK5) signaling pathway could be a new target for spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment. Our study aimed to evaluate the roles of ERK5 signaling pathway in secondary damage of SCI.@*Methods@#We randomly divided 70 healthy Wistar rats into five groups: ten in the blank group, 15 in the sham surgery + BIX02188 (sham + B) group, 15 in the sham surgery + dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO; sham + D) group, 15 in the SCI + BIX02188 (SCI + B) group, and 15 in the SCI + DMSO (SCI + D) group. BIX02188 is a specific inhibitor of the ERK5 signaling pathway. SCI was induced by the application of vascular clips (with the force of 30 g) to the dura on T10 level, while rats in the sham surgery group underwent only T9-T11 laminectomy. BIX02188 or DMSO was intra-thecally injected at 1, 6, and 12 h after surgery or SCI. Spinal cord samples were taken for testing at 24 h after surgery or SCI.@*Results@#Expression of phosphorylated-ERK5 (p-ERK5) significantly increased after SCI. Application of BIX02188 indeed inhibited ERK5 signaling pathway and reduced the degree of spinal cord tissue injury, neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine expression, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and apoptosis (measured by TdT-mediated 2′-deoxyuridine 5′-triphosphate nickend labeling, expression of Fas-ligand, BCL2-associated X [Bax], and B-cell lymphoma-2 [Bcl-2]). Double immunofluorescence revealed activation of ERK5 in neurons and microglia after SCI.@*Conclusion@#ERK5 signaling pathway was activated in spinal neurons and microglia, contributing to secondary injury of SCI. Moreover, inhibition of ERK5 signaling pathway could alleviate the degree of SCI, which might be related to its regulation of infiltration of inflammatory cells and release of inflammatory cytokines, expression of NF-κB and cell apoptosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of cluster needling at the scalp points on the expression of choline acetyl transferase (ChAT) and choline cholinesterase (AchE).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 Wistar rats were randomized into a sham-operation group, a model group, a medication group and a cluster needling group, 15 rats in each one. In the model group, the medication group and the cluster needling group, the models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) were established by the orienteering injection with Aβ1-42 in the bilateral hippocampal CA1 in the rats. In the sham-operation group, the distilled water was injected in bilateral hippocampus of rats. In the medication group, the lavage with aricept was adopted for the basic treatment, once a day, for 4 weeks consecutively. In the cluster needling group, on the base of the treatment as the medication group, the cluster needling at the scalp points was adopted, once a day, 6 times a week, for 4 weeks totally. In the sham-operation group and the model group, the normal feeding was provided. After intervention, the learning and memory ability was measured with Morris water maze in the rats of each group. The changes in the hippocampal gross structure were observed with HE staining. The changes in the positive expressions of hippocampal ChAT and AchE were determined with the immunohistochemical method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the escape latency was prolonged and the percentage of the second quadrant and the frequency of platform leaping were reduced in the rats of the model group (all 0.05) and the expression of AchE was reduced (<0.05) in the medication group; the expression of ChAT was increased (<0.05) and that of AchE decreased (<0.01) in the cluster needling group. Compared with the medication group, the expression of ChAT was increased and that of AchE decreased in the cluster needling group (both <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The effect mechanism of cluster needling at the scalp points on AD could be related to the up-regulation of ChAT expression and down-regulation of AchE expression in the hippocampus. The combined treatment with the cluster needling and aricept achieves the better therapeutic effect on AD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Animals , Choline O-Acetyltransferase , Hippocampus , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Scalp
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2601-2611, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774682

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In consideration of characteristics and functions, extra-cellular signal-regulated protein kinase 5 (ERK5) signaling pathway could be a new target for spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment. Our study aimed to evaluate the roles of ERK5 signaling pathway in secondary damage of SCI.@*METHODS@#We randomly divided 70 healthy Wistar rats into five groups: ten in the blank group, 15 in the sham surgery + BIX02188 (sham + B) group, 15 in the sham surgery + dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO; sham + D) group, 15 in the SCI + BIX02188 (SCI + B) group, and 15 in the SCI + DMSO (SCI + D) group. BIX02188 is a specific inhibitor of the ERK5 signaling pathway. SCI was induced by the application of vascular clips (with the force of 30 g) to the dura on T10 level, while rats in the sham surgery group underwent only T9-T11 laminectomy. BIX02188 or DMSO was intra-thecally injected at 1, 6, and 12 h after surgery or SCI. Spinal cord samples were taken for testing at 24 h after surgery or SCI.@*RESULTS@#Expression of phosphorylated-ERK5 (p-ERK5) significantly increased after SCI. Application of BIX02188 indeed inhibited ERK5 signaling pathway and reduced the degree of spinal cord tissue injury, neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine expression, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and apoptosis (measured by TdT-mediated 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nick-end labeling, expression of Fas-ligand, BCL2-associated X [Bax], and B-cell lymphoma-2 [Bcl-2]). Double immunofluorescence revealed activation of ERK5 in neurons and microglia after SCI.@*CONCLUSION@#ERK5 signaling pathway was activated in spinal neurons and microglia, contributing to secondary injury of SCI. Moreover, inhibition of ERK5 signaling pathway could alleviate the degree of SCI, which might be related to its regulation of infiltration of inflammatory cells and release of inflammatory cytokines, expression of NF-κB and cell apoptosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805088

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore serum levels of measles and rubella IgG antibodies among mothers and infants.@*Methods@#According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we selected 319 puerperae and their infants in maternal hospitals of Songjiang district November 2016 to February 2017, venous blood were collected and serum measles and rubella IgG antibodies were measured using ELISA. To study the correlation between the level of measles and rubella antibodies in infants and mothers′ by using the Spearman′s correlation analysis.@*Results@#The age at delivery was (29.71±4.25) years old; and the gestational age at delivery was (39.06±1.30) weeks. The positive rate and protection rate of measles antibody in puerperae were 82.5% (243/319) and 43.3% (135/319), the GMC [M (QR)] was 655.74 (251.21-1 299.02) mIU/ml. The positive rate of rubella antibody in puerperae was 61.1% (195/319), the GMC [M (QR)] was 31.34 (11.65-73.61) IU/ml. The positive rate and protection rate of measles antibody in infants were 84.1% (270/321) and 46.1% (148/321), the GMC [M (QR)] was 665.07 (279.63-1 544.07) mIU/ml. The positive rate of rubella antibody in infants was 69.5% (223/321), the GMC [M (QR)] was 40.30 (16.12-98.48) IU/ml. There was statistical difference in measles (Z=-14.64, P<0.001) and rubella (Z=-8.66, P<0.001) antibody levels between mothers and infants. There was positive correlation in measles (r=0.76, P<0.001) and rubella (r=0.86, P<0.001) antibody level between mothers and infants.@*Conclusion@#The maternal antibody of measles and rubella had a concentration effect. The level of measles and rubella antibodies in the infants was higher than that in the mothers′ and increased with the increase of the level of measles and rubella antibodies in the mothers.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735723

ABSTRACT

The inflammatory response is involved in the pathogenesis of the most common types of heart disease.Sanguinarine (SAN) has various pharmacological properties such as anti-inflammatory,antioxidant,antibacterial,antitumor,and immune-enhancing properties.However,few studies have investigated the effects of SAN on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory and apoptotic responses in H9c2 cardiomyocytes.Therefore,in this study,H9c2 cells were co-treated with SAN and LPS,and the mRNA levels of pro-inflammation markers and the apoptosis rate were measured to clarify the effect of SAN on cardiac inflammation.The underlying mechanism was further investigated by detecting the activation of Toll-like receptor (TLR)4/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways.As a result,increased mRNA expression of interleukin (IL)-1 β,IL-6,and TNFα induced by LPS was attenuated after SAN treatment;LPS-induced apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes and cleaved-caspase 8,9,3 were all significantly reduced by SAN.Further experiments showed that the beneficial effect of SAN on blocking the inflammation and apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes induced by LPS was associated with suppression of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.It was suggested that SAN suppressed the LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes,which may be mediated by inhibition of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.Thus,SAN may be a feasible therapy to treat sepsis patients with cardiac dysfunction.

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