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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827999

ABSTRACT

This work is to establish the fingerprint of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus by HPLC-ELSD method, and to analyze the simulated wildness degree of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu. Compared with wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, the quality differences of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region were analyzed by identification of chromatographic peaks and similarity evaluation, cluster analysis(CA), principal components analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). HPLC fingerprints of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in different genuine regions are established. The qualitative analysis of mass spectrometry identified 18 components. The similarity evaluation shows that the similarity of 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples was 0.688-0.993. Among them, the similarity of samples in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia is 0.688-0.993, 0.835-0.989, 0.934-0.988, respectively and the similarity of samples in Gansu is 0.729-0.876 except No. 25 sample. The results of CA show that the samples of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus can be grouped into four categories according to the production area except the No. 11 and No. 25 samples. The results of PCA indicate that 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples can be clustered according to quality and origin, and the quality of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in Inner Mongolia is the closest to the wild breed. The results of OPLS-DA indicate that there are six components that can distinguish the wild and domestic A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, which are malonylastragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅰ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside, formononetin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, and astrapterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate. The established method can be used to analyze differences between A. membranaceus var. mongholicus origin and planting environment, and can provide references for the protection and replacement of wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus resources, and the cultivation, processing and production of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , China
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666890

ABSTRACT

Clonorchis sinensis infection is carcinogenic to human,which results in cholangiocarcinoma,confirmed by the World Health Organization. An investigation in 2005 indicated that the standardized C. sinensis infection rate was 0.58%,with 12490000 infected people estimated in the clonorchiasis endemic areas in China. In the world,80%of C. sinensis infected peo-ple were distributed in China. Diagnostic Criteria for Clonorchiasis(WS309-2009)was compiled by the ex-Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China and it was issued and implemented in March 13,2009. The Diagnostic Criteria for Clonorchiasis is composed of six chapters,including the Range of Application,Terms and Definitions,Diagnostic Basis,Diagnostic Princi-ple,Diagnostic Standard,and Differential Diagnosis. Three informative appendices(etiology,epidemiology,clinical manifesta-tion;enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay;differential diagnosis)and one normative appendix(laboratory examination)are ap-pended. The Criteria provides the technical reference for diagnosis of clonorchiasis in medical institutions and disease control in-stitutions. Combined with the current epidemic situation of clonorchiasis in China,this paper interprets the main contents of the Diagnostic Criteria for Clonorchiasis(WS309-2009),so as to promote its learning and implementing.

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