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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694102

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and validate the key molecular targets correlated with the overall survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer.Methods First,the survival time and transcriptome data of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ were downloaded from the TCGA database.The significantly differential genes between overall survival <2 years and >8.5 years in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ were picked out by edgeR package,and the pathways were enriched by KEGG.Similarly,the differential genes between overall survival <2 years and >7 years in stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ were analyzed.Furthermore,KEGG pathway analysis was performed using the differential genes overlapped by stage Ⅰ /Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ.Second,the relationships between the expression levels of key node genes and other genes in enriched pathway and the overall survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer were validated by KMplot database.Last,the correlation between the activity of pathway enriched in KEGG and the resistance to anti-HER2 treatment was validated in HER2-positive breast cancer cell line BT474.Results In patients with stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ HER2-positive breast cancer whose overall survival was <2 years,PI3K/AKT was the 9th signaling pathway enriched by up-regulated differential genes.In patients with stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ whose overall survival was <2 years,PI3K/AKT was the 2nd signaling pathway enriched by up-regulated differential genes.Furthermore,PI3K/AKT was the first signal pathway enriched by the overlapping upregulated genes of patients in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ and Ⅲ / Ⅳ whose overall survival was <2 years.Patients with high expression of PI3K and AKT (key node genes) or CFAP221 and COL4A6 (other genes) of PI3K/AKT pathway had shorter overall survival than those with low expression.PI3K inhibitors could enhance the growth inhibitory effect of HER2 small molecule inhibitor on HER2-positive breast cancer cell line BT474.Conclusions The overexpression of PI3K/AKT pathway is associated with the shorter overall survival in HER2-positive breast cancer patients,and associated with anti-HER2 resistance in HER2-positive breast cancer cell line.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4109-4115, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327622

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tumor intrinsic chemoradiotherapy resistance is the primary factor in concomitant chemoradiotherapy failure in advanced uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma. This study aims to identify a set of genes and molecular pathways related to this condition.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty patients with uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIb or IIIb, treated with platinum-based concomitant chemoradiotherapy between May 2007 and December 2012, were enrolled in this trial. Patients included chemoradiotherapy resistant (n = 20) and sensitive (n = 20) groups. Total RNA was extracted from fresh tumor tissues obtained by biopsy before treatment and microarray analysis was performed to identify genes differentially expressed between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Microarray analysis identified 108 genes differentially expressed between concomitant chemoradiotherapy resistant and sensitive patients. Functional pathway cluster analysis of these genes revealed that DNA damage repair, apoptosis, cell cycle, Map kinase signal transduction, anaerobic glycolysis and glutathione metabolism were the most relevant pathways. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) and protein kinase A type 1A (PRKAR1A) were significantly upregulated in the chemoradiosensitive group, while lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), bcl2 antagonist/killer 1 (BAK1), bcl2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3), single-strand-selective monofunctional uracil-DNA glycosylase 1 (SMUG1), and cyclin-dependent kinase 7 (CDK7) were upregulated in the chemoradiotherapy resistant group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We have identified seven genes that are differentially expressed in concomitant chemoradiotherapy resistant and sensitive uterine cervical squamous cell carcinomas, which may represent primary predictors for this condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Radiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Pregnancy , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Radiotherapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 905-909, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284260

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of BRCA1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues and evaluate its correlation with clinicopathological features as well as the prognosis of ESCC patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of BRCA1 was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 201 specimens of T3 stage ESCC tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tissues using tissue microarray. The correlation between BRCA1 expression and clinicopathological features of ESCC was determined by chi-square analysis. The cumulative survival rate was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of BRCA1 expression in ESCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues [88.6% (178/201) vs. 36.8% (74/201), P < 0.001]. There was a significant correlation between the expression of BRCA1 and lymph node metastasis. In the tumors with positive lymph nodes, strong positive expression of BRCA1 was found in 45.0% (49/109), while only 19.6% (18/92) in tumors without lymph node metastasis, showing a significant difference (P < 0.001). A close relationship was also found between the expression of BRCA1 and gross typing of tumors (P < 0.05). The expression of BRCA1 was not significantly correlated with gender, age, tumor location, differentiation, and tumor thrombus (P > 0.05). The results of Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that ESCC patients with a higher positive rate of BRCA1 expression have a poorer prognosis (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of BRCA1 is related to the occurrence and development of esophageal carcinoma. BRCA1 protein may serve as a new potential biomarker in estimating the biological behavior of ESCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , BRCA1 Protein , Metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Survival Rate
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1862-1869, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338574

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Control of hypersecretion of certain hormones is one of the key targets in the treatment of pituitary adenomas. RNA interference has been shown to inhibit protein expression, and thus it may represent a promising method for the treatment of pituitary adenomas. In the present study, transfection efficiency of small interfering RNA (siRNA) was optimized in human prolactinoma cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>First, a method was optimized to extract highly purified human prolactinoma cells in vitro. The extracted cells were verified to retain the physiological features of prolactin (PRL) secretion. Second, three conditions for siRNA transfection were tested by the evaluation of transfection efficiency and cell viability. The proper transfection condition was verified for human prolactinoma cells. Third, the siRNA for prolactin was transfected into the human prolactinoma cells, and the suppression of PRL mRNA was evaluated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The siRNA of 100 pmol with Lipofectamine 2000 of 5 µl for 1 × 10(6) cells was proved preferable, with transfection efficiency being 53.3% and cell viability being 69.7%. In the preliminary experiment the siRNA against PRL decreased the mRNA of PRL by 34.0%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is possible to inhibit hormone hypersecretion by RNA interference, that may eventually enable therapeutic siRNA drugs developed.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Separation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Prolactinoma , Pathology , Therapeutics , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Transfection
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 748-751, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293490

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>China has the highest incidence and mortality of esophageal carcinoma in the world, and the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the major type. In this study, the authors investigated the expression of Aurora-A in stage T3 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) with positive and negative lymph node metastasis, and analyzed its relationship with prognosis of ESCC patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ESCC tissue arrays including 212 specimens had been constructed. The expression of Aurora-A in both ESCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues was determined by immunohistochemical staining. The correlation between Aurora-A protein levels and lymph node status in ESCC and survival rate were statistically analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive expression of Aurora-A was 74.07% (140/189) in tumor tissues and 18.52% (35/189) in adjacent normal tissues, showing a significant difference between them (χ(2) = 105.162, P < 0.05). In tumors with positive lymph nodes, strong positive expression of Aurora-A was found in 42.99% (46/107), while only 7.37% (7/95) in tumors with negative lymph nodes, with a statistically significant difference (χ(2) = 36.132, P < 0.05). The cumulative survival rate of the patients with strong Aurora-A-positive tumors was significantly lower than that in patients with Aurora-A-negative tumors (P = 0.0042, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The positive expression of Aurora-A in ESCC tissues is much higher than that in adjacent normal tissues. The expression of Aurora-A is higher in lymph node-positive tumors than in the lymph node-negative ones. There is a significantly longer cumulative survival rate in patients with negative Aurora-A expression than that in patients with strong positive Aurora-A expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aurora Kinases , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , Survival Rate
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343724

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the alteration of the gene HSD17B4 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its potential significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA expression and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of HSD17B4 in 40 primary esophageal tumors were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and microsatellite analysis with the intragenic marker D5S1384 of the gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequencies of allelic loss of D5S1384 and the rate of down-regulation of gene HSD17B4 were 46.2% and 62.5%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HSD17B4 may be a candidate tumor suppressor gene associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
17-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases , Genetics , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Down-Regulation , Enoyl-CoA Hydratase , Genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms , Genetics , Female , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , Hydro-Lyases , Loss of Heterozygosity , Male , Microsatellite Repeats , Middle Aged , Multienzyme Complexes , Genetics , Peroxisomal Multifunctional Protein-2 , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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