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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1667-1673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879076


This study aims to investigate the preventive effect of Dendrobium officinale in LPS-induced intestinal mucosal damage. Forty SPF-grade C57 BL/6 J male mice were randomly divided into normal group(NC), model group(LPS), and two superfine powder groups of Dendrobium officinale(DOF)(DOF-L, 0.30 g·kg~(-1)and DOF-H, 0.60 g·kg~(-1), respectively), with 10 mice in each group. DOF superfine powder suspension was given via oral administration to mice for 7 days, while the mice in NC and LPS groups received the same volume of saline for 7 days. On the eighth day, the mice in LPS group and DOF treatment groups were injected with LPS(5 mg·kg~(-1)) by intraperitoneal injection to establish the intestinal mucosal injury model, while the mice in NC group were injected with the same volume of sterile saline in the same manner. Six hours after injection with LPS or saline, plasma and the intestinal tissue were collected. The diamine oxidase(DAO) and D-lactate levels in plasma were detected with a biochemical method. The levels of proinflammatory factors interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in plasma were detected by ELISA. The histomorphology and ultrastructure of mouse ileum tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining in optical microscope and transmission electron microscope(TEM). The expression and distribution of tight junction(TJ) proteins claudin-1, occludin and F4/80 were detected by immunohistochemistry while the protein expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR-4) and nuclear factor kappa B p65(NF-κB p65) in jejunum were detected by Western blot. The experimental results showed that continuous intragastric administration of D. officinale superfine powder for 7 days obviously alleviated the damage and ultrastructural changes of intestinal mucosa induced by LPS; significantly decreased DAO and D-lactate levels in plasma in model group(P<0.05); up-regulated the protein expression of claudin-1 and occludin in ileum tissues; down-regulated the protein expression of TLR-4 and NF-κB p65 in jejunum tissues(P<0.01); significantly decreased TNF-α and IL-6 levels in plasma(P<0.05); and decreased the infiltration of F4/80~+ macrophage cells. Our results suggested that D. officinale had significant protective effects on LPS-induced intestinal mucosal damage and reduced intestinal permeability. The mechanism might be related to its effects of inhibiting inflammation via TLR-4/NF-κB p65, and up-regulating the expression of tight junction proteins.

Animals , Male , Mice , Dendrobium , Intestinal Mucosa , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Powders , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2439-2445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828093


The aim of this paper was to study the effect of Wubi Shanyao Pills on sexual dysfunction in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency and to investigate its possible mechanism. Adenine(100 mg·kg~(-1)) was administered to male SD rats for 8 weeks to establish kidney-Yang deficiency model, and at the same time, Wubi Shanyao Pills(2, 1, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)) were administered to rats for 8 weeks. The syndrome manifestation of kidney-Yang deficiency was observed in rats and the scores of symptoms were evaluated. Sexual behavior indexes(incubation period and times of capture, straddle and ejaculation) were measured by mating experiment. The levels of serum testosterone(T), estradiol(E_2), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), luteinizing hormone(LH), and gonadotropin releasing hormone(GnRH) were measured by radioimmunoassay. The wet weights of testis and seminal vesicle were measured. The content of fructose in seminal plasma was detected by UV spectrophotometry. The pathological changes of testis and epididymis were observed by HE staining. The expression levels of transforming growth factor(TGF-β1) and cytochrome P450 aromatase(CYP19) in testis were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The results showed that Wubi Shanyao Pills could significantly reduce the score of kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome, improve the symptoms of kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome, shorten capture, straddle and ejaculation latency, increase capture and straddle times, increase serum T, LH, FSH, E_2 and GnRH levels, increase the wet weight of testis and seminal vesicle and fructose content in seminal plasma, improve the pathological structure of testis and epididymis, and inhibit the expression of TGF-β1 and increase CYP19 in testis of the model rats. Therefore, Wubi Shanyao Pills can significantly improve sexual dysfunction in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency, and its mechanism may be related to regulating the low function of hypothalamus pituitary gonad(HPG) axis and improving the disorder of sex hormone secretion. In addition, it may be also related to inhibiting the expression of testicular TGF-β1, increasing the expression of CYP19 protein, and then regulating the amount of T converted to E_2.

Animals , Male , Rats , Adenine , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Luteinizing Hormone , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testis , Testosterone , Yang Deficiency
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 89-92, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314851


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on the expression of ATP-binding cassette superfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) in human colon cancer cell SW480.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SW480 cells were treated with various concentrations of 5-FU. CCK8 assay was utilized to detect the 5-FU IC50 to SW480 cells. Positive expression of ABCG2 was detected by flow cytometry, and mRNA expression of ABCG2 was detected by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 5-FU IC50 to SW480 cells increased as the drug concentration increased (P<0.05). Flow cytometry revealed that positive expression rate of ABCG2 in normal SW480 cells (group A) was (6.26±0.86)%. Immediately after treatment with 5-FU for 48 hours, the positive expression rate of ABCG2 (group B) was (3.43±1.18)% (P<0.05). In the second passage of cells after treatment with 5-FU for 48 hours, the positive expression rate of ABCG2 (group C) was (12.91±3.42)% (P<0.05). The mRNA expression of ABCG2 detected by RT-PCR was in accordance with the results from flow cytometry.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expression of ABCG2 in SW480 cells can be affected by various concentrations of 5-FU.</p>

Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Colonic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Fluorouracil , Pharmacology , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 57-61, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257553


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical significance of CC3/TIP30 protein's expression in breast carcinoma and its correlation with HER-2/neu.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CC3/TIP30 and HER-2/neu protein was detected in 112 breast cancer tissues which was collected from January 2004 to January 2005 by immunohistochemistry and the relationship with clinic pathological parameters and prognosis was analyzed. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) which target to knock out CC3/TIP30 were transfected into SK-BR-3 cells. Real-time PCR were used to detect the level of CC3/TIP30 and HER-2/neu mRNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of immunohistochemistry showed CC3/TIP30 protein was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node status, HER-2 status and molecule classification (P = 0.048, 0.019, 0.027, 0.011), but there was no association with age, tumor size, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor. Real-time PCR results revealed that CC3/TIP30 siRNA down-regulation the level of its mRNA, accompanied by a decline in the expression of HER-2/neu gene mRNA, the difference was statistically significant (F = 56.797, P = 0.000; F = 165.101, P = 0.000). In addition, Kaplan-Meier curves of disease-specific survival analysis showed a marked difference in the subtype of HER-2 protein positive between CC3/TIP30 positive group and negative group (χ(2) = 10.732, P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The loss of CC3/TIP30 is related to occurrence and development in breast cancer, suggesting early onset of metastasis and recurrence. Perhaps CC3/TIP30 can be considered as a sub-typing indicator in HER-2 positive breast cancer.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Acetyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Follow-Up Studies , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection , Tumor Cells, Cultured
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 205-208, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254814


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of the miR-155 in human primary breast cancer and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February to June 2009, 45 pairs of specimens of human primary breast cancer and matched nontumor breast tissues were collected from the patients who received operation for breast cancer. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the miR-155 expression in those specimens.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The stem-loop RT-PCR was sensitive and specific enough to detect the expression of the miR-155. The median relative expression of miR-155 was 0.360 in tumor samples, and it was 0.135 in matched nontumor breast tissues, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). It's indicated that the up-regulation of miR-155 expression was associated with advanced TNM clinical stage (median 0.316, 0.358 and 0.417 respectively for stage I, II and III tumor, P = 0.002), lymph node metastasis (median 0.383 and 0.355 respectively for cases with positive and negative lymph nodes, P = 0.034), higher proliferation index [median 0.387 and 0.353 respectively for cases with high proliferation index (Ki67 > 10%) and low proliferation index (Ki67 ≤ 10%), P = 0.019], estrogen receptor-positive (0.367 and 0.318 respectively for cases with positive estrogen receptor and negative group, P = 0.041) and progesterone receptor-positive (0.398 and 0.335 respectively for cases with positive progesterone receptor and negative group, P = 0.029) in patients with breast cancer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of miR-155 is up-regulated in primary breast cancer, especially in patients with positive estrogen and progesterone receptor. miR-155 may play an important role in the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of human primary breast cancer, and it could be a indicator in the diagnosis and prognosis of primary breast cancer.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Progesterone , Metabolism