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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 433-444, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297552

ABSTRACT

We have established a bone marrow endothelial cell line. This review focuses on the elucidation and analysis of the effects of this bone marrow endothelial cell-conditioned medium (BMEC-CM) on the differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic and endothelial progenitors as well as embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We will review that (1) BMEC-CM promotes proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic lineage; (2) BMEC-CM promotes proliferation and differentiation of endothelial lineage; (3) BMEC-CM induces differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells/progenitors into endothelial progenitors; and (4) BMEC-CM induces differentiation of ESCs into hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells. We conclude that the soluble factors secreted by BMECs are able to support the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic and endothelium lineages. Moreover, these soluble factors induce hematopoietic cells to differentiate to endothelial cells, and induce ESCs to differentiate towards both endothelial cells and hematopoietic cells. Therefore, this work provides evidence that a close relationship involved in the development of hematopoietic and endothelial lineage. This disclosure will be beneficial for therapy strategy in the treatment of ischemic and tumor diseases, and improve our understanding of the relationship between hematopoietic and endothelial lineages.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Chemistry , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Chemistry , Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Endothelial Cells , Chemistry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the inductive efficiency of deriving hematopoietic colony-forming cells from murine embryonic stem (mES) cells co-cultured with bone marrow stromal cell-conditional medium (mBMEC-CM).@*METHODS@#After the day-4 embryoid bodies (4 dEBs) were derived from embryonic stem cell-D3 (ES-D3) cells, the cells of 4 dEBs were induced into hematopoietic colony-forming cells by co-culturing with mBMEC-CM. The numbers of 4 dEB-derived hematopoietic colonies (high proliferation potential-colony formation cells and burst forming unit-erythroid, HPP-CFC and BFU-E) were detected to explore the relation between the implanted 4 dEB-derived cell numbers and the colony numbers of BFU-E and HPP-CFC. The inducing effect of mBMEC-CM was observed according to the doses and days of induction.@*RESULTS@#The number of 4 dEB-derived cells within 1 x 10(7)-4 x 10(7)/L was positively related to the colony numbers of HPP-CFC and BFU-E (HPP-CFC, r=0.916,P< 0.05; BFU-E, r=0.927, P<0.05). The inducing doses of mBMEC-CM within 0-20% were positively related to the colony numbers of HPP-CFC and BFU-E (HPP-CFC, r=0.909, P<0.05; BFU-E, r=0.927, P<0.01). The colony numbers of HPP-CFC and BFU-E derived from the 4 dEB-derived cells were the highest after 3 days of induction, followed by those of 6 days and 9 days.@*CONCLUSION@#Bone marrow endothelial cell-conditional medium can promote the generation of HPP-CFC and BFU-E from murine embryonic stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Culture Media, Conditioned , Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mice , Stromal Cells , Cell Biology
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1192-1197, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240242

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Macrophage stimulating protein (MSP) is produced by human bone marrow endothelial cells. In this study, we sought to observe its effects on inducing the expansion of early hematopoietic progenitor cells which were cultured in a liquid culture system in the presence of the combination of stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin 3 (IL-3), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), erythropoietin (EPO) (Cys) and MSP or of Cys and bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium (EC-CM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human bone marrow CD34(+) cells were separated and cultured in a liquid culture system for 6 days. Granulocyte-macrophage colony forming unit (CFU-GM) and colony forming unit-granulocyte, erythrocyte, macrophage, megakaryocyte (CFU-GEMM) were employed to assay the effects of different treatment on the proliferation of hematopoeitic stem/progenitor cells. The nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reductive test and hoechest 33258 staining were employed to reflect the differentiation and apoptosis of the cells respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MSP inhibited the proliferation of CFU-GM and CFU-GEMM in semi-solid culture and the inhibitory effect on CFU-GEMM was stronger than on CFU-GM. MSP inhibited the differentiation of early hematopoietic progenitor cells induced by hematopoietic stimulators. Bone marrow (BM) CFU-GEMM was 2.3-fold or 1.7-fold increase or significantly decreased in either Cys + EC-CM, Cys + MSP or Cys compared with 0 hour control in liquid culture system after 6 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSP, a hematopoietic inhibitor, inhibits the differentiation of early hematopoietic progenitor cells induced by hematopoietic stimulators and makes the early hematopoietic progenitor cells expand in a liquid culture system.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CCL3 , Chemokines, CC , Pharmacology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Pharmacology , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of endothelial cells from umbilical cord blood (UCB) on the amplification of human early hematopoietic cells from UCB in vitro.@*METHODS@#Endothelial cells from UCB were cultured by the optimized medium of endothelial cells. There were 2 experiment groups: cytokines group (SCF+IL-3+IL-6+GM-CSF, CKs group) and noncontact group (endothelial cell layer with CKs without contacting the CD34+ cells group). CD34+ cells from UCB were isolated by MiniMACS. After the cells in the CKs group and the noncontact group were cultured for 7 days, the amplifying folds of early hematopoietic cells were assayed.@*RESULTS@#Early hematopoietic cells from UCB were expanded in the CKs group or the noncontact group. The amplifying folds of the noncontact group on early hematopoietic cells were significantly more than those of the CKs group.@*CONCLUSION@#The amplification effect of the noncontact group on early hematopoietic cells is superior to that of the CKs group.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Culture Media , Pharmacology , Cytokines , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276859

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on the growth of mouse bone marrow endothelial cells. Endothelial cell culture medium (Endo-M) was used to culture murine bone marrow endothelial cells. Endothelial cell colonies were counted under microscope by Wright-Giemsa staining. The effect of different concentration of GM-CSF on the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cells was observed by the formation of endothelial cell colonies, MTT and flow cytometry. The results indicated that the endothelial specific marker vWF was expressed by the colony cells, GM-CSF promoted the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cell colonies and MTT confirmed the effect of GM-CSF on promoting the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cells. The result of detecting cell cycle showed that the rate of cells entering into S phase was 9.3% in GM-CSF added group and the rate of cells entering into S phase was 2.1% in control. There was no significant difference in cell growth curve between the first passage and fourth passage. It is concluded that GM-CSF can promote the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cells, the proliferation potential of bone marrow endothelial cells between the first and fourth passage no significantly changes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Female , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Male , Mice
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1231-1235, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318751

ABSTRACT

The murine bone marrow endothelial cell line (mBMEC) has been maintained by means of subculture and cryopreservation for over 10 years since it was established in our laboratory. This study was aimed to newly identify biological characteristics of this cell line for further study. The cultured mBMEC cells were observed by inverted microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). PECAM-1 (CD31) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were detected by immunofluorescent staining. The phagocytotic activity of the cells in culture was tested by using fluorescent acetylated low-density lipoprotein (Dil-Ac-LDL). The cell growth kinetics analysis and karyotype analysis were performed. The results showed that the adherent cells were mostly elliptical, rounded and spindle-shaped, and some of them connected to each other to form cord- and network-like arrangements in mBMEC cultures at subconfluence. The adherent cells grew up to confluence as a cobblestone-like monolayer. Several ultrastructural features of the endothelial cells could be observed in TEM sections of the cultured cells. More than 94% of mBMEC cells were positive for either CD31 or vWF. The phagocytotic ingestion of Dil-Ac-LDL occurred in 98.5% of cells. In normal culture conditions, the cells grew with a mean population doubling time of 54.6 hours and the maximal mitotic index was 38 per thousand in the rapid growth period. The colony yields were 4.33% to 7.40% depending on the plating density of cells. Karyotypes of all the cells were aneuploidy with a greater percentage of hyperdiploid. It is concluded that mBMEC cells retain the fundamental properties of endothelial cells, but the growth kinetics and biological behaviors are slightly different from those in the early days after the establishment of this cell line.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Line , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Physiology , Karyotyping , Mice , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , von Willebrand Factor , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of hematopoietic stimulating factors on the expansion of mature megakaryocytes.@*METHODS@#(2, 4, 6, 8, 10) x 10(5)/mL bone marrow single nucleus cells (BMNC) were added in the culture system of colony forming unit-megkaryocyte (CFU-Meg) to find out the relationship of the cultured BMNC with the output of CFU-Meg. rmSCF + rmTPO + rmIL-3 (3HSFs) and rmSCF + rmTPO + rmIL-3 + rmIL-6 (4HSFs) or F-CM were added in the liquid culture system of megkaryocytes respectively. The number of mature megakaryocytes were counted every other day.@*RESULTS@#The number of CFU-Meg increased with the increase of the cultured BMNC. The CFU-Meg productivity of 1 x 10(6) BMNC/mL culture system was more than that of 2 x 10(5) BMNC/mL culture system. 3HSFs and 4HSFs or F-CM significantly promoted the expansion of mature megakaryocytes in the liquid culture system, but the effect was different. The peak time of the number of mature megakaryocytes in 3HSFs and 4HSFs or F-CM were 7 d, 7 d and 5 d respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#3HSFs and 4 HSFs or F-CM had positive effect on the expansion of mature megakaryocytes. 4HSFs was better than 3HSFs and F-CM. 3HSFs was better than F-CM. The peak time of the number of mature megakaryocytes in different culture systems was different.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Female , Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors , Pharmacology , Interleukin-3 , Pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Pharmacology , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Male , Megakaryocytes , Cell Biology , Mice
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356588

ABSTRACT

Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent and their differentiation in vitro can serve as an experimental model to explore the molecular mechanisms of early embryonic development. To investigate the effect of stromal cell conditioned medium combined with cytokines (sccm + cys) on the differentiation from human embryonic stem cells to hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells, the mouse fibroblast feeder cells to make human embryonic stem cells grown into embryonic bodies (EBs) were initially deleted. After culture for 3 days, EB cells were trypsinized into single cells and induced for 8 days by sccm + cys. Then, the differentiated cells were cultured in the semisolid medium containing 0.9% methylcellulose and cytokines to study the colony forming and self-renewal ability of cells. Immunocytochemical staining was used to check the surface markers of the colony cells. During the induction, mRNA expression of flk-1, BMI-1, scl, and Zeta-globin genes was tested by RT-PCR. Surface markers, such as flk-1, CD34 were tested by the flow cytometry. The results demonstrated that: (1) cell clusters containing 20-30 cells were formed after culture for 8 - 14 days in the semisolid medium, replanting these cells resulted in similar cell cluster forming. In addition, CD45 positive in big cell colonies were also found in the semisolid medium; (2) attached cell colonies appeared after culture for 8 days in the semisolid medium and VIII factor, UEA and KDR could be detected as negative by immunocytochemical staining; (3) on the 4(th) day of induction, mRNAs of flk-1, BMI-1, scl and Zeta-globin were all expressed. On the 8(th) day of induction, all of the above genes except Zeta-globin were expressed, while ES cell and EB cells which served as controls did not express scl and Zeta-globin genes; (4) on the 8(th) day of induction, the proportions of flk-1(+) cells and CD34(+) cells among all the inducing population were 9.8% and 16.8%, respectively, while the corresponding positive populations were 0.36% and 1.16% in spontaneously differentiated 11(th) day's EB, and 0.04% and 0.16%, respectively, in ES cells. If is concluded that embryonic stem cells can differentiate into hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells in combinant culture system of this study.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Flow Cytometry , Globins , Genetics , Metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 199-204, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334186

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of serum-free murine bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium (mBMEC-CM) on the growth of bone marrow endothelial cells, mBMEC-CM was collected and ultrafiltrated by Centriprep-10. The retentate of mBMEC-CM [molecular weight (MW)>10 kDa] and the filtrate of mBMEC-CM (MW<10 kDa) were obtained. The effect of bone marrow conditioned media, their components and exogenous cytokines on the formation of endothelial cell colonies were observed. The effect of bone marrow conditioned media, their components and exogenous cytokines on the proliferation of murine bone marrow endothelial cells were determined by [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation. The method of hybridizing to the Atlas cDNA array was used to determine the expression of cytokine mRNAs in bone marrow endothelial cells. The results obtained are as follows: vWF was expressed in bone marrow endothelial cells. The original mBMEC-CM and MW>10 kDa component of mBMEC-CM promoted the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cell colonies and increased [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation of bone marrow endothelial cells. The MW<10 kDa component did not affect the production of endothelial cell colonies and did not increase [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation of endothelial cells. Six cytokines (IL-6, IL-11, SCF, GM-CSF, VEGF, bFGF) promoted the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cell colonies. VEGF, bFGF and SCF increased [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation of bone marrow endothelial cells. According to the results of the Atlas cDNA array, GM-CSF,TGF-beta,BMP-2, bFGF, SCF, endothelin-2, thymosin beta10, MSP-1, connective tissue GF, PDGF-A chain, MIP-2 alpha, PlGF, neutrophil activating protein ENA-78, INF-gamma, IL-1, IL-6, IL-13, IL-11, inhibin-alpha mRNAs were expressed in endothelial cells. These results suggest that murine bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium promotes the proliferation of bone marrow endothelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned , Pharmacology , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Hematopoiesis , Physiology , Mice
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 247-253, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334179

ABSTRACT

In this study the effects of bone marrow stromal cells conditioned medium on the expansion of mature megakaryocytes and colony forming unit-megakaryocyte (CFU-Meg) in vitro were investigated. The serum-free bone marrow fibroblast conditioned medium (F-CM), bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium (E-CM) and bone marrow macrophage conditioned medium (M-CM) were collected and ultrafiltrated by using Centriprep-10. F-CM, E-CM, M-CM, the retentate (>10 kDa F-CM, >10 kDa E-CM and >10 kDa M-CM) contained substances whose molecular weight was more than 10 kDa and the filtrate (<10 kDa F-CM, <10 kDa E-CM and <10 kDa M-CM) contained substances whose molecular weight was less than 10 kDa were added in liquid culture system respectively. The results showed that F-CM, >10 kDa F-CM and E-CM, >10 kDa E-CM significantly promoted the expansion of mature megakaryocytes in liquid culture system, the percentage of mature megakaryocytes compared with 0 h control were (287.33-/+16.77)%, (236.67-/+39.72)%, (141.21-/+17.47)% and (179.03-/+30.98)%. But <10 kDa F-CM, <10 kDa E-CM, M-CM, >10 kDa M-CM and <10 kDa M-CM had no positive effects on the expansion of mature megakaryocytes. The effects of F-CM, E-CM or M-CM on the expansion of CFU-Meg were also investigated. The results indicated that F-CM and E-CM promoted the expansion of CFU-Meg in liquid culture system. M-CM had no positive effect on the expansion of CFU-Meg. the percentage of CFU-Meg compared with 0 h control were (168.18-/+30.24)%, (215.17-/+17.4)% and (85.0-/+7.0)%. The results of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR ) showed that transforming growth factor -beta1 (TGF-beta1) mRNA was expressed in bone marrow endothelial cells and was not expressed in bone marrow fibroblasts. Thrombopoietin (TPO) mRNA was expressed in bone marrow fibroblasts and was not expressed in bone marrow endothelial cells. These results suggest that F-CM, >10kDa F-CM and E-CM, >10kDa E-CM significantly promoted the expansion of mature megakaryocytes and CFU-Meg in liquid culture system. The effect of F-CM on the expansion of mature megakaryocytes is better than that of E-CM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Culture Media, Conditioned , Pharmacology , Female , Male , Megakaryocyte Progenitor Cells , Cell Biology , Megakaryocytes , Cell Biology , Mice , Stromal Cells , Cell Biology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352087

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the effects of murine bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium (mBMEC-CM) on the growth of yolk sac and bone marrow hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) were investigated. Nonadherent cells of yolk sac and bone marrow were collected for semisolid culture assay of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC after being cultured in DMEM with 10% FBS, 10% mBMEC-CM and/or FL (5 ng/ml), TPO (2 ng/ml) for 24 hours. The number of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC was counted by day 7 and 14 respectively. Atlas cDNA Expression Array was used for analysis of cytokine receptor expression of yolk sac and bone marrow HSPC. The results showed that mBMEC-CM could support the expansion of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC in liquid culture system. The expansion effects of mBMEC-CM were enhanced by combination with FL and TPO. mBMEC-CM was more effective on expansion of bone marrow CFU-GM and HPP-CFC than that of yolk sac CFU-GM and HPP-CFC. The differential expression of cytokine receptors were detected between yolk sac and bone marrow HSPC. PDGF-Rbeta, PDGF-Ralpha and corticotropin releasing factor receptor (CRFR) were only expressed in yolk sac hematopoietic cells while IFN-gammaR, GM-CSFR, Dopamine D2R and follicle-stimulating hormone receptor were only expressed in bone marrow hematopoietic cells. In conclusion, mBMEC-CM could support the growth and proliferation of yolk sac and bone marrow HSPC, and this effect was further enhanced by addition of FL and TPO. mBMEC-CM was more effective on expansion of bone marrow HSPC than on expansion of yolk sac HSPC. The comparative study indicated that the different expressions of cytokine receptors existed between yolk sac and bone marrow hematopoietic cells, which might lead to the difference in expansion in vitro between embryonic and adult HSPC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Physiology , Cell Division , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned , Endothelial Cells , Physiology , Female , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Physiology , Male , Mice , Receptors, Cytokine , Thrombopoietin , Pharmacology , Yolk Sac , Cell Biology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355704

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to observe the bone marrow endothelial cell-conditioned medium (BECM) and cytokines, i.e. vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), stem cell factor (SCF) and EPO promoting the generation of hematopoietic precursor cells from mouse embryonic stem cells (ESC) in vitro. Day 4 embryoid body (4dEB) cells were derived from ESC-D3 cell line, a murine ESC line, and then induced with BECM and/or cytokines. Four groups, i.e. BECM, BECM + VEGF + SCF + EPO, VEGF + SCF + EPO and control (spontaneous differentiation), were designed. Immunochemistry staining and flow cytometry were adopted to observe the antigen expression, RT-PCR to detect hematopoietic transcription factors, and hematopoietic progenitor assay to examine hematopoietic differentiation. The results showed that the cells induced from ESC expressed hematopoietic precursor cell antigens (c-kit, Sca-1, Thy-1 and CD34), transcription factors (c-myb, SCL and beta-H1) and generated HPP-CFC and BFU-E. The effect of BECM + VEGF + SCF + EPO was the most potent in the inducing groups according to the numbers of hematopoietic precursor cells and colonies. It is concluded that BECM promotes the differentiation of ESC into hematopoietic precursor cells in vitro, and this effect is the strongest when BECM combining with VEGF + SCF + EPO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Embryo, Mammalian , Cell Biology , Endothelial Cells , Physiology , Erythropoietin , Pharmacology , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mice , Stem Cell Factor , Pharmacology , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Pharmacology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337690

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>In this study, the roles of hematopoietic inhibitors elaborated by bone marrow endothelial cells in the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors were investigated. Murine bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium (BMEC-CM) was collected and the components with > 10 kD and < 10 kD were obtained by centrifugal ultrafiltration. The effect of BMEC-CM and its components on proliferation of hematopoietic progenitors was evaluated by CFU-GM and HPP-CFC assay and antibody neutralization test. The expression of the inhibitors in BMEC and BMEC-CM was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, and change of proliferation and differentiation-related genes during expansion of hematopoietic progenitors was examined by membrane hybridization technique.</p><p><b>THE RESULTS</b>(1) When BME C-CM and its components directly were added to CFU-GM and HPP-CFC culture system, BMEC-CM had no effect on colony formation, > 10 kD component enhanced and < 10 kD component inhibited the formation of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC. (2) When BMEC-C M and its components were added to liquid culture system of marrow cells, after 24 hours incubation, CFU-GM decreased and HPP-CFC increased significantly in B MEC-CM group, CFU-GM increased and HPP-CFC had no significant change in > 10 kD component group; and both CFU-GM and HPP-CFC reduced in < 10 kD group. (3) MIP-2, MIP-1 alpha, MSP, TGF-beta, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and T beta 4 were expressed in murine marrow endothelial cells, and MIP-2, MIP-1 alpha, MSP, TGF-beta, TNF-alpha and T beta 4 were existed in BMEC-CM. (4) Antibody neutralization test results demonstrated that TGF-beta, MSP, MIP-1 alpha, IFN-gamma and T beta 4 existed in BMEC-CM had significant suppressive effects on CFU-GM and HPP-CFC. (5) T beta 4 combined with 5 hematopoietic cytokines (SCF, IL-3, IL-6, GM-CSF and EPO) added to CD34(+) cells expansion culture system, HPP-CFC significantly increased compared with 5 cytokines group. T beta 4 could downregulated the expression of proliferation and differentiation-related genes and signal transduction-related genes. It is concluded that BM EC-CM promotes the proliferation of early hematopoietic progenitor cells, and this effect is related with the inhibitors existed in BMEC-CM and it could be executed via influencing cell proliferation and differentiation-related genes and signal-related genes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Cell Division , Cytokines , Genetics , Pharmacology , Endothelium , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Physiology , Mice , RNA, Messenger , Thymosin , Pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280969

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of murine bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium (mBMEC-CM) on the growth of yolk sac hematopoietic progenitors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum-free mBMEC-CM was obtained from subcultures of murine endothelial cell line derived from bone marrow which was established in our laboratory. The murine yolk sacs were harvested on day 8.5 postcoitus (pc) and incubated with 0.1% collagenase in 10% fetal calf serum at 37 degrees C for 40 minutes. Yolk sac cells were incubated in tissue culture dishes at 37 degrees C for 1 hour. Nonadherent cells were collected for semisolid culture assay of granulocyte-macrophage colony forming unit (CFU-GM) and high proliferative potential-colony forming cell (HPP-CFC) after being cultured in DMEM with 10% mBMEC-CM and 10% FBS for 24 hours. The number of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC was counted at day 7 and day 14 respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The growth of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC was supported by mBMEC-CM with GM-CSF. mBMEC-CM could induce the proliferation and differentiation of yolk sac hematopoietic stem cells and progenitors in liquid culture system. The percentages of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC compared with the 0 hour control were (119.5 +/- 5.7)% and (130.8 +/- 9.8)% respectively after 24 hours liquid culture (P < 0.05). The expansion effects of mBMEC-CM on CFU-GM and HPP-CFC were enhanced by compounded with flt3 ligand (FL) and thrombopoietin (TPO). The percentages of CFU-GM and HPP-CFC compared with the 0 hour control were (132.0 +/- 6.2)% and (176.9 +/- 12.8)% respectively after 24 hours liquid culture (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Murine bone marrow endothelial cell conditioned medium could support the growth and proliferation of yolk sac hematopoitic stem cells and progenitors, and this promoting effect was further enhanced by addition of FL and TPO.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Division , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Endothelium , Cell Biology , Female , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Male , Mice , Yolk Sac , Cell Biology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354991

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between the growth situation of the cells and the expression level of thymosin beta4, the specific primer of thymosin beta4 was selected to test the expression of thymosin-beta gene in murine bone marrow endothelial cells in different proliferation states and in HL-60 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells by RT-PCR. The results showed that the expression level of thymosin beta4 in the murine bone marrow endothelial cells with active proliferation was high, otherwise it was low. The thymosin beta4 gene expression level was higher in HL-60 cells than that in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. It was suggested that the expression level of thymosin beta4 mRNA is closely related to cell growth.

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