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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905057

ABSTRACT

Objective:Powders and decocted powders account for about 1/3 in the Catalogue of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas (the First Batch), and have a very important position. Determination of preparation technology and particle size in the pulverization process is the key step in the research and development of powders and decocted powders following the original methods. However, there are many terms describing the preparation technology and particle size of powders and decocted powders in ancient Chinese medical books, and the parameters are not clear. Due to the lack of unified basis of particle size, the existing research results have not formed a uniform consensus. Based on ancient textual researches and experimental results, this article discusses the particle size of decocted powders and powders. Method:Through textual researches of the preparation technology and particle size of powders and decocted powders and powder classification in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the specifications of pulverized particle size were suggested. In addition, Xiebaisan and Danggui Buxuetang were taken as examples to investigate the influence of different particle sizes (4, 10, 24 mesh) on the preparation process of decocted powders and the obtained decoction. Result:The particle size of 4 mesh was equivalent to that of ancient as big as hemp bean. The contents of index components in Xiebaisan and Danggui Buxuetang with particle size of 4 mesh were higher than that of 10 mesh and 24 mesh, but the particle size of 50 mesh was too fine to be filtered. Conclusion:The suggested particle sizes of powders and decocted powders are recommended as Cumo is the power through 10-mesh sieve, Mo is the power through 24-mesh sieve, Ximo is the power through 80-mesh sieve, as big as hemp bean is the power through 4-mesh sieve and not through 10-mesh sieve.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873029

ABSTRACT

Objective:There were 92 kinds of compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, but there was no effective method to identify these compound preparations. Because Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix are similar in appearance, it is easy to be confused in application. The aim of this study was to set up a thin layer chromatography (TLC) to identify compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix and distinguish Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix in the forms of decoction pieces and standard decoction. Method:In this study, decoction pieces of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix were collected and separately prepared as standard decoction. TLC was used to qualitatively identify decoction pieces and standard decoction of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix, and compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix. In the TLC, the lower solution of chloroform-methanol-water (65∶35∶10) was selected as the developing agent and 10% sulfuric acid ethanol solution as the chromogenic agent. Result:The resolution of this TLC was good. Decoction pieces, standard decoction and preparations of Ophiopogonis Radix had the same characteristic strips, which were two bright white fluorescent strips under ultraviolet lamp (365 nm). But these two characteristic strips were not existed in the TLC of decoction pieces and standard decoction of Liriopes Radix. The corresponding components of both of these two strips were identified as mixture containing saponins by LC-MSn, including ophiopogonin Ra, Tb, ophiopogonin D', borneol glycoside, ophiopogonin C and Liriope muscari baily saponins C. Conclusion:The established TLC method, which has significant advantages such as high specificity and sensitivity, can be applied to the characteristic identification of decoction pieces and standard decoction of Ophiopogonis Radix, the identification of compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix, and the distinction of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix, thus serving as an effective method to qualitatively identify Ophiopogonis Radix and its compound preparations.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773113

ABSTRACT

To study the compatibility rule of Simao Yongan Decoction,the rat single pass intestinal perfusion model in situ was used in this study. On the basis of early research,the five kinds of anti-inflammatory active ingredients,i.e. chlorogenic acid,liquiritin,hyperoside,angoroside C and isochlorogenic acid C in Simao Yongan Decoction were selected as research objects. The contents of the above five actives compounds with various compatibility combinations and in different intestinal segment perfusates were determined by using the method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( UPLC-MSn). The kinetic parameters of intestinal absorption of the five anti-inflammatory active ingredients were calculated,which could be used to evaluate the intestinal absorption of each component in different combinations. The results showed that the absorption parameters of liquiritin in ileum were highest in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma single herb,while the absorption parameters of other four components in ileum and duodenum were highest in the compatible combinations. Among them,the absorption parameters of chlorogenic acid in ileum and duodenum were highest in the whole prescription compatibility; ischlorogenic acid C showed higher absorption levels in the whole prescription and the herb compatibility of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos-Scrophulariae Radix-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. However,the absorption levels of hyperoside and angoroside C in different compatibilities were quite different in ileum and duodenum. In this study,the intestinal absorption of five anti-inflammatory active ingredients in Simiao Yongan Decoction with different compatibility combinations was investigated,revealing that the absorption of active ingredients varied with the different compatibility combinations and different intestinal segments. At the same time,the above research also indicated that the absorption of active ingredients could be obviously promoted by the compatibility of compound prescriptions,laying a foundation for the research on the compatibility rule of Simiao Yongan Detection from the biological point of view.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Phytochemicals , Pharmacokinetics , Rats
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